Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 14 September 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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mexicana, Poecilia Steindachner [F.] 1863:178 [17], Pl. 4 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4208] Orizaba, southern Mexico. Syntypes: (16) NMW 61288 (14). On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes 1846 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:49 [ref. 7067]). •Valid as Poecilia mexicana Steindachner 1863 -- (Bussing 1987:146 [ref. 22927], Greenfield 1990:450 [ref. 16548], Page & Burr 1991:233 [ref. 18983], Poeser 1992:86 [ref. 21511], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:49 [ref. 22290], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:123 [ref. 22947], Rodriguez 1997:673 [ref. 23266], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:929 [ref. 23897], Bussing 1998:222 [ref. 24179], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Fuller et al. 1999:311 [ref. 25838], Meyer & Radda 2000:75 [ref. 25029], Romero & Paulson 2001:33 [ref. 26040], Poeser 2002:246 [ref. 26215], Moyle 2002:323 [ref. 26449], Meyer et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26721], Poeser 2003:47 [ref. 26769], Poeser 2003:162 [ref. 26783], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Poeser 2003:359 [ref. 27075], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:568 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:236 [ref. 28615], Proudlove 2006:181 [ref. 28992], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:20 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:255 [ref. 31114], Matsunuma & Motomura 2010:21 [ref. 30966], Page & Burr 2011:442 [ref. 31215], Poeser 2011:420 [ref. 31550], Page et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32708], Palacios et al. 2013:13 [ref. 32935] subspecies mexicaus, Angulo et al. 2013:996 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:33 [ref. 33341], Barrientos et al. 2015:4 [ref. 37653], Meyer 2015:239 [ref. 34698], Ho et al. 2016:Fig. 1 [ref. 34400] in subgenus Mollienesia, Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629] in subgenus Mollienesia, Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Huber 2019:108 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Poecilia mexicana Steindachner 1863. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic coast of Central America, from Texas (U.S.A.) border, through Yucatán southward to Río Cuango, Panama; Pacific coast from Río Goascorán (El Salvador / Guatemala) to western Río Bayano, Panama, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.