Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 14 September 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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americana, Perca Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1308 [Caroli a LinnĂ© ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Long Island, New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Morone americana (Gmelin 1789) -- (Lee et al. 1980:573 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:281 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:129 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:354 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:137 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:166 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:255 [ref. 18983], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:677 [ref. 21581], Murdy et al. 1997:217 [ref. 23144], Scott & Crossman 1998:684 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:344 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:54 [ref. 26594], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:374 [ref. 26158], Bailey et al. 2004:174 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:12 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:295 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:485 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Morone americana (Gmelin 1789). Moronidae. Distribution: Atlantic Slope drainages, Quebec (Canada) and eastern and central U.S.A.; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.