Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 August 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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retouti, Epinephelus Bleeker [P.] 1868:339 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 2; ref. 17062] RĂ©union, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5415. •Synonym of Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Smith 1990:699 [ref. 18227]). •Valid as Epinephelus retouti Bleeker 1868 -- (Randall & Heemstra 1986:51 [ref. 9721], Heemstra & Randall 1986:531 [ref. 5667], Winterbottom et al. 1989:25 [ref. 13251], Lee 1990:53 [ref. 19830], Randall & Heemstra 1991:245 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:224 [ref. 21042], Randall 1995:135 [ref. 22896], Myers 1999:115 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:197 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2520 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:86 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:715 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:491 [ref. 25191], Nakabo 2002:715 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:162 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:120 [ref. 28745], Hoese et al. 2006:1018 [ref. 28999], Fricke et al. 2009:47 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Craig et al. 2011:222 [ref. 31786], Hata & Motomura 2016:1 [ref. 35078], Fricke et al. 2018:153 [ref. 35805], Ma & Craig 2018:455 [ref. 36100], Parenti & Randall 2020:79 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Epinephelus retouti Bleeker 1868. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Line Islands and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.