Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 April 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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socialis, Serranus Günther [A.] 1873:7, Pl. 8 (fig. B) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 14186] Tahiti, Society Islands. Lectotype: BMNH 1873.4.3.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1865.5.29.9 (1) Samoa, BMNH 1873.4.3.2 (1) Tuamotus. Lectotype selected by Randall 1964:289, fig. 7 [ref. 3600]. •Valid as Epinephelus socialis (Günther 1873) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1991:258 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:230 [ref. 21042], Myers 1999:115 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2523 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:11 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:722 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:722 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:621 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:162 [ref. 28239], Craig et al. 2011:229 [ref. 31786], Ma & Craig 2018:455 [ref. 36100]). Current status: Valid as Epinephelus socialis (Günther 1873). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Insular coral reefs from southern Japan to Pitcairn Islands. Habitat: marine.