Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 June 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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hololepidotus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:448, 518, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Grand Océan équatorial [is Fort Dauphin at Tôlanaro, Toliara Province, southeastern Madagascar]. Neotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 41433. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:97 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:22 [ref. 6382]. Based on a drawing and description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist), from Madagascar (according to Cuvier). Neotype designated by Griffiths & Heemstra 1995:17 [ref. 22038]. •Valid as Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Heemstra 1986:616 [ref. 5660], Daget & Trewavas 1986:333 [ref. 6211], Chao & Trewavas 1990:813 [ref. 18934], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:704 [ref. 21590], Kuiter 1993:199 [ref. 23929], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:164 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:602 [ref. 22532], Poll & Gosse 1995:117 [ref. 24781], Griffiths & Heemstra 1995:17 [ref. 22038], Randall 1995:229 [ref. 22896], Talwar 1995:43 [ref. 25194], Sasaki 1996:86 [ref. 22156], Fricke 1999:304 [ref. 24106], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2638 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2018:223 [ref. 35805], Parenti 2020:4 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacepède 1801). Sciaenidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes); records from other areas based on misidentifications. But range in ref. 34618 are Mauritania to South Africa, and in Indian Ocean to Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.