Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 August 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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surmuletus, Mullus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:300 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea; Cornwall, England. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:42 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Hureau 1973:402 [ref. 7197], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:879 [ref. 13676], Ben-Tuvia 1990:827 [ref. 17305], Santos et al. 1997:93 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:88 [ref. 24952], Afonso et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25466] with question, Fricke 1999:41 [ref. 24101], Apostolidis et al. 2001:902 [ref. 25470], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:102 [ref. 26753], Kim 2002:61 [ref. 26347], Parin 2003:S14 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:46 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:90 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:111 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:51 [ref. 36649], Vasil'eva 2011:20 [ref. 31221], Vasil'eva 2012:485 [ref. 32476], Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972], Bos 2014:752 [ref. 33550], Parin et al. 2014:374 [ref. 33547], Golani in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2659 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:165 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:277 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:78 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:39 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus 1758. Mullidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Senegal, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.