Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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macronemus, Mullus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:383, 404, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality stated [Indo-West Pacific]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5435. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1985:13 [ref. 20735] with no type. Spelled macronema on p. 383. Based on illustration and description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist); underlying specimen is the type even though not seen by Lacepède. •Valid as Pseudupeneus macronema (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor & Ben-Tuvia in Dor 1984:163 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Parupeneus macronema (Lacepède 1801) -- (Lachner 1960:11 [ref. 23973], Kyushin et al. 1977:174 [ref. 19756], Ben-Tuvia 1986:612 [ref. 5641], Ben-Tuvia & Kissil 1988:8 [ref. 12819], Winterbottom et al. 1989:41 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:45 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:241 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:192 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:315 [ref. 24106], Mishra et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25315], Randall 2001:3191 [ref. 26109], Kim 2002:64 [ref. 26347], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945] as Macronema, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:262 [ref. 28072], Randall 2004:38 [ref. 28086], Mundy 2005:391 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2009:69 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura et al. 2009:174 [ref. 31157], Randall & Heemstra 2009:41 [ref. 30542], Allen & Erdmann 2012:507 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:261 [ref. 32706], Randall 2014:61 [ref. 33292], Psomadakis et al. 2015:284 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:226 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:103 [ref. 36273], Koeda & Ho 2018:286 [ref. 36175], Arndt & Fricke 2019:22 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:88 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:81 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Parupeneus macronemus (Lacepède 1801). Mullidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Indonesia and Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.