Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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signifer, Iracundus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:210 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2449] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50886 (= 51079). See also discussion under Scorpaena asperella Bennett 1828. •Valid as Iracundus signifer Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:287 [ref. 6389], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:468 [ref. 5652], Fricke 1999:156 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2317 [ref. 24796], Randall 1999:10 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:572 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:10 [ref. 25806], Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636], Nakabo 2002:572 [ref. 26001], Randall 2005:117 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:326 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:172 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2011:60 [ref. 31308], Fricke et al. 2011:377 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:224 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:50 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:130 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Iracundus signifer Jordan & Evermann 1903. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae. Distribution: South Africa and Madagascar to western Mascarenes; Taiwan north to southern Japan; New Caledonia, Hawaiian Islands; Cook Islands to Pitcairn Group, south to Rapa (probably more widespread). Habitat: marine.