Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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porcus, Scorpaena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:266 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic. Possible syntypes: NRM 22 (21), 23 (1), 123 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:232-233 [ref. 20707] who regard only LP 23a as porcus of current authors. •Valid as Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:83 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:579 [ref. 7218], Dor 1984:82 [ref. 29757], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1220 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:674 [ref. 17613], Goren & Dor 1994:22 [ref. 25356], Santos et al. 1997:77 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:116 [ref. 24952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:757 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:149 [ref. 23570], Caputo & Sorice 1999:81 [ref. 25260], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:70 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2002:S64 [ref. 28300], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:184 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:79 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:170 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:38 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:225 [ref. 33547], Poss 2016:2281 [ref. 34610], Fricke et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36159], Martins & Carneiro 2018:108 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Morocco, including Azores and Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.