Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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barracuda, Esox Edwards [M.] in Catesby 1771:1 [The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands; ref. 774] Bahamas, Western Atlantic. Catesby 1771 is a rejected work, and unavailable (Opinions 89 and 259) but the appendix by Edwards is available. This species should date to authorship as above and not to Walbaum 1792. Kottelat (2013) treats as a marine and an inland record. •Valid as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards 1771) -- (Russell 2003:1810 [ref. 27114], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:749 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Matamoros et al. 2009:26 [ref. 31241], Wirtz et al. 2007:40 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:441 [ref. 30952], Béarez 2008:95 [ref. 30486], Fricke et al. 2009:110 [ref. 30213], Matamoros et al. 2009:26 [ref. 31241], Motomura et al. 2010:229 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1037 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:82 [ref. 33341], Kottelat 2013:445 [ref. 32989], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Abdussamad et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33861], Fricke et al. 2014:187 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:309 [ref. 34104], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324] with author as Walbaum, Miesen et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34492], Russell in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2869 [ref. 34618], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Koeda et al. 2016:105 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:358 [ref. 35805] with author as Catesby [ex Edwards], Golani & Fricke 2018:120 [ref. 36273], Spier et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36103], Ballen 2019:402 [ref. 37027], Fricke et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards 1771). Sphyraenidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Red Sea), except for eastern Pacific (waifs reaching Gal├ípagos Archipelago). Habitat: brackish, marine.