Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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triostegus, Silurus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1090 [100] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, near Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: (4) NMW, SMF 2623 [ex NMW in 1844] (1, dry). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [ref. 2067]. On p. 100 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Probably a synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Coad 1991:19 [ref. 15702]). •Valid as Silurus triostegus Heckel 1843 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:174 [ref. 13476], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608] but possibly a synonym of S. glanis, Ünlü & Bozkurt 1996:315 [ref. 22595], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Coad & Holcík 2000:139 [ref. 25292], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2007:54 [ref. 29533], Coad 2010:216 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Ünlü et al. 2012:119 [ref. 31827], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:890 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:149 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Silurus triostegus Heckel 1843. Siluridae. Distribution: Iraq, Iran and Turkey. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.