Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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gymnotus, Muraenichthys Bleeker [P.] 1857:90 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Ne√™rlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.334. •Valid as Muraenichthys gymnotus Bleeker 1857 -- (McCosker 1970:508 [ref. 2931], McCosker 1977:59 [ref. 6836], Dor 1984:37 [ref. 29757], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:30 [ref. 6441], McCosker & Castle 1986:180 [ref. 5690], Allen & Swainston 1988:34 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:118 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:8 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:74 [ref. 22017], Randall 1995:60 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:56 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:54 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:63 [ref. 24106], Smith & McCosker 1999:1667 [ref. 24715], Randall 1999:6 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:216 [ref. 25086], McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:216 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Scolecenchelys gymnotus (Bleeker 1857) -- (Castle & McCosker 1999:121 [ref. 24075], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Scolecenchelys gymnota (Bleeker 1857) -- (McCosker 2002:25 [ref. 25848], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:33 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:136 [ref. 28379], McCosker et al. 2006:275 [ref. 29006], Randall 2007:58 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:19 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:352 [ref. 31342], Allen & Erdmann 2012:110 [ref. 31980], Hibino et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32443], Hibino et al. 2013:45 [ref. 32418], Larson et al. 2013:28 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:23 [ref. 33932], McCosker 2014:339 [ref. 33288], Hibino & Kimura 2015:13 [ref. 33951], Fricke et al. 2018:46 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:28 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:53 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scolecenchelys gymnota (Bleeker 1857). Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar and R√©union (western Mascarenes) east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Johnston Island, south to Western Australia and Queensland, Chesterfield and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.