Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 March 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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lithognathus, Pagrus Cuvier [G.] 1829:183 [Le R├Ęgne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8662 (2), A-8109 (1, dry); RMNH 1009 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:53 [ref. 20898] for Valenciennes 1830. Available from brief description; described more fully in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:204, Pl. 151 [ref. 996] as Pagellus lithognathus. •Valid as Lithognathus lithognathus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Smith & Smith 1986:587 [ref. 5710], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:162 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:226 [ref. 28072], Parenti 2019:64 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Valid as Lithognathus lithognathus (Cuvier 1829). Sparidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: Orange River mouth to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa). Habitat: brackish, marine.