Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 February 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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orientalis, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:94 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasak, Nagasaki, Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH D794 (dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:91 [ref. 12876], Boeseman 1964:466, Fig. 14 [ref. 20805]. Formerly considered a subspecies until raised to specific status by Collette 1999 [ref. 23936] and Collette et al. 2001 [ref. 25629]. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:268 [ref. 7348], Collette & Smith 1981 [ref. 21091], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:997 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:462 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1542 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536]). •Valid as Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Mishra et al. 1999:89 [ref. 25315], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:811 [ref. 25968], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1857 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:508 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1638 [ref. 34193], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2914 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Kells et al. 2016:318 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:93 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Philippines and southern Okhotsk Sea east to eastern Pacific from Gulf of Alaska south to California (U.S.A.) and Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico); south to Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.