Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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richardsonii, Muraena Bleeker [P.] 1852:296 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram and Padang, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7201. Paralectotypes: RMNH (1). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.267 (1) Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:145 [ref. 26380]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke & Smith 2002:145 [ref. 26380]. Muraena richardsonii and M. ceramensis were described in the same publication; Günther 1870:118 serves as first reviser selecting richardsonii over ceramensis.3 •Valid as Gymnothorax richardsonii (Bleeker 1852) -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:172 [ref. 5645], Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:25 [ref. 6441] as richardsoni, Hatooka 1986:379 [ref. 22522] as richardsoni, Chen et al. 1994:52 [ref. 22258] as richardsoni, Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977] as richardsoni, Chen et al. 1997:21 [ref. 26476] as richardsoni, Myers 1999:50 [ref. 23965] as richardsoni, Fricke 1999:52 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692] as richardsoni, Nakabo 2000:206 [ref. 25086] as richardsoni, Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122] as richardsoni, Sadovy & Cornish 2000:34 [ref. 25480] as richardsoni, Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:109 [ref. 27511] as richardsoni, Nakabo 2002:206 [ref. 26001] as richardsoni, Böhlke & Smith 2002:145 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830] as richardsoni, Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495] as richardsoni, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:11 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:47 [ref. 28239], Imamura 2009:20 [ref. 30434] as richardsoni, Zhang et al. 2010:275 [ref. 31511] as richardsoni, Fricke et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:93 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:26 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:20 [ref. 33932], Ho et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34130], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:39 [ref. 35805], Allen et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36275], Fricke et al. 2019:52 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:62 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax richardsonii (Bleeker 1852). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to New Caledonia and Cook Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.