Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 November 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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saltatrix, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:293 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Dry Tortugas Island, Gulf of Mexico, Florida, USA. Neotype: USNM 116963. Appeared first as saltatrix; then in Linnaeus 1766:486 [ref. 2786] as Perca sectatrix -- the latter account being based solely on Catesby 1743 (1st ed.):8, Pl. 8, fig. 2 (v. 2) [ref. 774], the Rudder fish, Perca marina sectatrix, family Kyphosidae. Catesby's name was sectatrix, based on the Latin "follower" to which Catesby alluded to in his account. Apparently saltatrix Linnaeus 1758 was a lapsus, which Linnaeus himself changed in 1766 to sectatrix. Early authors such as Jordan & Everman 1898:1387 [ref. 2444] used sectatrix for this species as did most subsequent authors; more recently some authors use sectator. In any event, the name saltatrix can be excluded because of lack of use, or it can be considered an incorrect original spelling, which Linnaeus corrected in 1766. The names sectatrix and sectator are then in competition, but the name sectatrix is a noun, and need not be changed from the use by Linnaeus in 1776 and by Jordan & Evermann in Kyphosus. The spelling saltator is the masculine form of saltatrix, so when the species was placed in Kyphosus some people used saltator. The correct name is Kyphosis sectatrix (Linnaeus 1758). This account has been modified in June 2011. The above specimens can be split between atlantics and bosquii or are unassigned -- see Sakai & Nakabo 2014 [ref. 33211]. Neotype designated by Gilbert 2015:297 [ref. 33917]. •Valid as Kyphosus sectator (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:913 [ref. 13676], Desoutter 1990:831 [ref. 18967], Santos et al. 1997:93 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:92 [ref. 24952], Merella et al. 1998:687 [ref. 25007], Afonso et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25466], Smith et al. 2003:38 [ref. 27621], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:484 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:36 [ref. 30263], Bañon et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31029], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:50 [ref. 36649], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708]). •Nomina nuda -- (Sakai & Nakabo 2014:[6] [ref. 33211]). •Valid as Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:191 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:642 [ref. 9166], Scott & Scott 1988:393 [ref. 25518], Robins et al. 1991:90 [ref. 14238], Cervigón 1993:326 [ref. 24474], McAllister 1990:152 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:148 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:344 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221] as Kiphosus, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:279 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2/001:1645 [ref. 25634], Thomson et al. 2000:139 [ref. 25640], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:112 [ref. 26784] dated 1766, Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943] dated 1766, Carpenter 2003:1687 [ref. 27092], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:179 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:128 [ref. 32972], Knudsen & Clements 2013:54 [ref. 33031], Angulo et al. 2013:1003 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:58 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33516], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Knudsen & Clements 2015:1317 [ref. 34204], Pinheiro et al. 2015:21 [ref. 34324], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Robertson et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34961], Bañón et al. 2017:5 [ref. 35616], Brown et al. 2019:176 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:238 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Kovačić et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus 1758). Kyphosidae. Distribution: Circumglobal, including western Mediterranean Sea (rare). Habitat: brackish, marine.