Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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plecostomus, Acipenser Linnaeus [C.] 1758:238 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Suriname River. Lectotype: NRM 32 (57.8 mm SL). Paralectotypes: ?NRM 32 (82.0 and 81.4 mm), NRM 32 (smallest). Type catalog and nomenclatural discussion: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:222 [ref. 20707], Ferraris 2007:258 [ref. 29155]. Type information: Isbrücker 1980:30 [ref. 2303], Wheeler 1989:215 [ref. 21873]. Neotype designation by Boeseman 1968 (RMNH 18240 is considered to be invalid since at least the smallest specimen in NHRM LP 32 is regarded as part of the type series); Lectotype selected by Weber et al. 2012:210 [ref. 31999]. •Valid as Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Isbrücker 1980:30 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:432 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:86 [ref. 23651], Britski et al. 1998:135 [ref. 24147], Isbrücker 2001:25, 27 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:19 [ref. 27178], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Ferraris 2003:865 [ref. 26999], Weber in Reis et al. 2003:361 [ref. 27061], Armbruster 2004:79 [ref. 27644], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:20 [ref. 30386] as cf. plecostomus, Armbruster et al. 2007:67 [ref. 29252], Ferraris 2007:258 [ref. 29155], Zawadzki et al. 2010:724 [ref. 31074], Weber et al. 2012:196, 210 [ref. 31999], Page et al. 2013:81 [ref. 32708], Zawadzki et al. 2014:103 [ref. 33233], Sarmiento et al. 2014:191 [ref. 35004], Cardoso et al. 2016:22 [ref. 34373], Zhang et al. 2016:211 [ref. 34477], Melo et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34701], Zawadzki et al. 2017:572 [ref. 35666], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35633], Robins et al. 2018:145 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus 1758). Loricariidae: Hypostominae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Colombia, Guyana and Suriname. Introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.