Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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conger, Muraena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:245 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europæo"]; localities include Gloucester, England; Marseille, France; Rome, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria. No types known. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:19 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Originally based on multiple species and at least 27 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:24 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:40 [ref. 30349] as Muræna supremo margine pinnæ dorsalis nigro; Rondelet 1554:394 [ref. 30354] as Conger, Charleton 1668:125 [ref. 30580] as Myrus, Willughby 1686:111 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:37 [ref. 30231] as Conger. •Valid as Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Bauchot & Saldanha in Whitehead et al. 1986:569 [ref. 13676], Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454], Santos et al. 1997:23 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:58 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:61 [ref. 24045], Porteiro et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24203], Fricke 1999:19 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:33 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:17 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:24 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:43 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:164 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:19 [ref. 36649], Bañón et al. 2011:262 [ref. 31676], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:50 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:511 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:304 [ref. 34397], Smith 2016:1687 [ref. 34556], Martins & Carneiro 2018:22 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:66 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:32 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Norway south to Senegal, including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.