Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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formosa, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1766:488 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. Syntypes: Linn. Soc. Lond. 92 (right half-skin) Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:48-49 [ref. 20705]. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:203 [ref. 1841]. Based on multiple aources, including the 'Grunt; Perca marina capite striato' of Catesby 1743:6, Pl. 6, fig. 1 (v. 2) [ref. 774] [locality not stated], 'Squirrelfish' in manuscript description and a specimen sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Valid as Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Bortone 1977:11 [ref. 7064], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:311 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:141 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:47 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:319 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:105 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:268 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:206 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Heemstra et al. 2003:1338 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:141 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:38 [ref. 33341], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Virginia (U.S.A.) south to southern Brazil. Habitat: marine.