Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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cancrivorus, Ophisurus Richardson [J.] 1848:97, Pl. 50 (figs. 6-9) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia [Arafura Sea, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown. Additional original materia: BMNH 1938.12.21.1 (1) Singapore, BMNH 1938.12.21.2 (1) Philippine Is. Two specimens questionably referred and not regarded as types. •Valid as Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson 1848) -- (McCosker 1977:83 [ref. 6836], Dor & Palmer 1977:138 [ref. 21143], Castle 1984:39 [ref. 6171], Dor 1984:36 [ref. 29757], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:31 [ref. 6441], McCosker & Castle 1986:185 [ref. 5690], Allen & Swainston 1988:34 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:120 [ref. 12442], Ataur Rahman 1989:44 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:87 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:13 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:83 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:9 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:75 [ref. 22017], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:72 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:58 [ref. 22772], Allen 1997:56 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:347 [ref. 23967], Anderson et al. 1998:21 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:57 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:67 [ref. 24106], Smith & McCosker 1999:1669 [ref. 24715], Nakabo 2000:224 [ref. 25086], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:111 [ref. 27511] dating to 1844, McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:224 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830] as cancrivora, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:59 [ref. 31338], Tang & Zhang 2004:20 [ref. 27889], McCosker et al. 2006:273 [ref. 29006], Fricke et al. 2009:19 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:74 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:351 [ref. 31511], Ji & Kim 2011:61 [ref. 31152], Allen & Erdmann 2012:109 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:28 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:47 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:24 [ref. 34464], McCosker 2014:339 [ref. 33288], Shinohara et al. 2014:236 [ref. 33330], Fricke et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33895], Psomadakis et al. 2015:148 [ref. 34104], Ho et al. 2015:175 [ref. 34130], Hibino in Kimura et al. 2015:11 [ref. 34319], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Motomura et al. 2017:34 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:45 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:28 [ref. 36273], Hibino in Kimura et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36460], Bleher 2018:80 [ref. 36647], Hibino et al. 2019:303 [ref. 36433]). Current status: Valid as Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson 1848). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Algoa Bay (South Africa), Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to Australia (Northern Territory and Queensland). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.