Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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punctifer, Encrasicholina Fowler [H. W.] 1938:157, Pl. 7 (fig. 13) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Fare Bay, Huaheine Island, Society Islands [French Polynesia, South Pacific]. Holotype: ANSP 68308. Paratypes: ANSP 68309-20 (12), 68321-24 (4, missing). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:101 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Stolephorus punctifer (Fowler 1938) -- (Whitehead & Wongratana 1986:206 [ref. 6284], Paxton et al. 1989:161 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler 1938 -- (Whitehead et al. 1988:399 [ref. 5725], Goren & Dor 1994:11 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:70 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:61 [ref. 23965], Wongratana et al. 1999:1717 [ref. 24719], Nakabo 2000:249 [ref. 25086], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:588 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:249 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:111 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:58 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:147 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:312 [ref. 28995], Randall 2007:102 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2011:354 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:30 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:31 [ref. 34464], Hata & Motomura 2015:122 [ref. 33726], Hata & Motomura 2016:86 [ref. 34443], Hata & Motomura 2017:6 [ref. 35066], Motomura et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:308 [ref. 36183]). Current status: Valid as Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler 1938. Engraulidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa and Persian Gulf east to Hawaiian Islands and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to Port Hedland (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Former Red Sea records are now assigned to E. gloria Hata & Motomura 2016. Habitat: marine.