Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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thyrsoidea, Muraena Richardson [J.] 1845:111 [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] [Canton] Guangdong Province, China, South China Sea, western Pacific. Lectotype: BMNH 2008.4.21.1. Paralectotypes: AMS I.100 (1), BMNH (1, lost or now AMS I.100). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:150-151 [ref. 26380]. Not the same as Mureana thrysoides Richardson 1843, Pl. 49 (fig. 1) which was published first but not treated as valid; see Böhlke 1995:463 [ref. 21738]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke 1995:463 [ref. 21738]. •Valid as Siderea thrysoideus (Richardson 1845) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:133 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Siderea thrysoidea (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:32 [ref. 25477], Kuiter 1993:33 [ref. 23929], Chen et al. 1994:54 [ref. 22258], Böhlke 1995:463 [ref. 21738], Allen 1997:52 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:30 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:42 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:51 [ref. 23965], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:115 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:35 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Zhang et al. 2010:249 [ref. 31511], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Gymnothorax thyrsoideus (Richardson 1845) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:25 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:22 [ref. 26476], Böhlke & Randall 1999:553 [ref. 24552], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2000:176 [ref. 25987], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Nakabo 2000:202 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:202 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:151 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495] as thyrsoidea, Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:48 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:256 [ref. 29005], Imamura 2009:20 [ref. 30434], Motomura et al. 2010:73 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:94 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:28 [ref. 32155], Larson et al. 2013:26 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:21 [ref. 34464], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:108 [ref. 36167], Ho et al. 2015:161 [ref. 34130], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35333], Golani & Fricke 2018:23 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax thyrsoideus (Richardson 1845). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to the Line Islands and Tuamotu Islands, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.