Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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bilineatus, Achirus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:659, 663 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] China; East Indies [Indonesia]. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Kottelat (2013:764 [ref. 28887]) indicates that this is based on the same material as Pleuronectes bilineatus Bloch 1787 -- a misidentification and new combination. He calls it Cynoglossus quadrilineatus (Bleeker 1851). We here maintain the prevailing usage with Cynoglossus bilineatus (Lacepède 1802) as a valid species. •Valid as Arelia bilineata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:355 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1389 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1389 [ref. 26193], Ohashi & Motomura 2011:109 [ref. 32413]). •Valid as Cynoglossus bilineatus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Menon 1977:36 [ref. 7071], Kyushin et al. 1982:268 [ref. 19754], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:208 [ref. 21500], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:223 [ref. 21500], Li & Wang 1995:355 [ref. 16193], Randall 1995:363 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:600 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:223 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:374 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:232 [ref. 23922], Evseenko 1998:61 [ref. 23643], Johnson 1999:753 [ref. 25471], Munroe in Randall & Lim 2000:646 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Munroe 2001:3897 [ref. 26314], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Bray 2006:1854 [ref. 29000], Ho et al. 2009:13 [ref. 31461] as billineatus, Kimura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:323 [ref. 31170], Ho & Shao 2011:62 [ref. 31432], Larson et al. 2013:228 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:222 [ref. 34464], Fricke 2015:7 [ref. 33807], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:96 [ref. 34319], Fricke et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35160], Motomura et al. 2017:226 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:374 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:176 [ref. 36273], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:300 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Cynoglossus bilineatus (Lacepède 1802). Cynoglossidae: Cynoglossinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.