Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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galeus, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:234 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and Northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europe"]; localities include Penzance, Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic; Marseille, France; Liguria and Rome, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:16 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Originally based on at least 19 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:68 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus naribus ori vicinis; Rondelet 1554:377 [ref. 30354] as Gale(us) can(is), Salviani 1558:132, Pl. (p. 130) [ref. 30229] as Can(is) gale(us), Willughby 1686:51 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:20 [ref. 30231] as Canis galeus. •Valid as Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1973:27 [ref. 7163], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:34 [ref. 9277], Branstetter in Whitehead et al. 1984:118 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:386 [ref. 6846], Menni 1986:433 [ref. 11487], Bass et al. 1986:78 [ref. 5638], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:223 [ref. 36138], Paxton et al. 1989:81 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:24 [ref. 24556], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:63 [ref. 16024], Springer 1990:97 [ref. 19320], Compagno et al. 1991:84 [ref. 21083], Kuiter 1993:10 [ref. 23929], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:76 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:127 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:208 [ref. 23873], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:734 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:25 [ref. 22896], Santos et al. 1997:8 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:18 [ref. 24952], Compagno & Niem 1998:1302 [ref. 23787], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:47 [ref. 24555], Johnson 1999:719 [ref. 25471], Fricke 1999:16 [ref. 24101], Compagno 1999:481 [ref. 25589], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:32 [ref. 25942], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Soto 2001:64, 72 [ref. 26637], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:73 [ref. 25968], López et al. 2002:62 [ref. 26808], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:37 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:63 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:88 [ref. 28379], Hoese et al. 2006:90 [ref. 28999], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], White 2008:64 [ref. 30617], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Castro 2011:361 [ref. 31457], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Naylor et al. 2012:40 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Page et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:22 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:106 [ref. 36167], Dyldin 2015:51 [ref. 34524], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:85 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:46 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1276 [ref. 34544], Fourriére et al. 2016:452 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:605 [ref. 34923], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Kells et al. 2016:68 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:55 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Hoschke et al. 2019:153[ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus 1758). Triakidae: Galeorhininae. Distribution: Temperate waters of Southern Hemisphere; North Atlantic (including Mediterranean Sea, western Baltic Sea, North Sea); North Pacific. Habitat: marine.