Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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miraletus, Raja Linnaeus [C.] 1758:231 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea [original: "in mari Mediterraneo"]; localities include Provence and Marseille, France; Venice, Italy. No types known. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Originally based on multiple species and at least 20 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:72 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:101 [ref. 30349] as Raja dorso ventreque glabris; Rondelet 1554:349 [ref. 30354] as Raja oculata & laeui, Gesner 1558:933 [ref. 30350] as Raia ocvlata et laevi, Salviani 1558:150 [ref. 30229] as Raia stellaris, Jonston 1649:Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [ref. 30579] as Raia oculata et leuis, Charleton 1668:130 [ref. 30580] as Raia oculata, Ray 1713:27 [ref. 30231] as Raia oculata levis. Misspelled miralaletus by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:12 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:186 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Raja miraletus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Stehmann 1973:58 [ref. 7168], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:187 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:123 [ref. 5672], Stehmann 1990:40 [ref. 19316], Compagno et al. 1991:102 [ref. 21083], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:94 [ref. 25472], Stehmann 1995:106 [ref. 22055], Capapé et al. 1999:52 [ref. 25276], Compagno 1999:492 [ref. 25589], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:23 [ref. 26753], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:81 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2007:19 [ref. 29533], Compagno & Ebert 2007:139 [ref. 30471], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:14 [ref. 36649], Naylor et al. 2012:96 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Weigmann 2016:119 [ref. 34211], McEachran & Séret 2016:1392 [ref. 34551], Last & Séret 2016:488 [ref. 34640], Last et al. 2016:23 [ref. 34941], Last et al. 2016:324 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Raja miraletus Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Morocco, including Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.