Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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americana, Dasyatis Hildebrand [S. F.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1928:64, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 43 (1927, pt 1); ref. 2163] Crisfield, Maryland, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 88378. Paratypes: Chesapeake Bay coll. (1). Additional material: 3 newly born specimens. •Questionably a synonym of Dasyatis hastata (DeKay 1842) -- (Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:69 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Dasyatis americana Hildebrand & Schroeder 1928 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:82 [ref. 14275], Compagno & Roberts 1984:285 [ref. 8237], Robins & Ray 1986:41 [ref. 23100], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Boschung 1992:26 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:198 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:44 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:174 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:178 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:495 [ref. 25589], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:74 [ref. 24550], Gomes et al. 2000:514 [ref. 24451], Menni & Stehmann 2000:89 [ref. 24909], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:566 [ref. 26985], Smith et al. 2003:6 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Santos et al. 2004:1 [ref. 27848], Santos & Carvalho 2004:14 [ref. 28040], Page et al. 2013:56 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:21 [ref. 33341], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:127 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:128 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Hypanus americanus (Hildebrand & Schroeder 1928) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961] as americana, Last et al. 2016:565 [ref. 35010], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus americanus (Hildebrand & Schroeder 1928). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.