Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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rhinobatos, Raja Linnaeus [C.] 1758:232 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea [original: "Genuæ, Venetiis"]; localities include Genoa and Venice, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece. Syntypes: NRM 9048 (1). Originally based at least 21 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:70 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:99 [ref. 30349] as Raja oblonga, unico tantum aclueorum ordine in medio dorso; Rondelet 1554:370 [ref. 30354] as Rhinobato, Salviani 1558:153 [ref. 30229] as Rhinobato sive Sqvatraja, Charleton 1668:131 [ref. 30580] as Squatino-Raia, Willughby 1686:79 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:28 [ref. 30231] as Rhinobatus seu Squatinoraia. Spelled rhinobates and rhinobatus by early authors. •Valid as Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:53 [ref. 7167], McEachran & Capapé in Whitehead et al. 1984:157 [ref. 13675], Compagno & Randall 1987:339 [ref. 9128], Stehmann 1990:26 [ref. 19316], Capapé et al. 1999:50 [ref. 25276], Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:21 [ref. 26753], Last 2004:208 [ref. 27765], Last et al. 2006:267 [ref. 29418], Fricke et al. 2007:17 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:12 [ref. 36649], Weigmann 2016:88 [ref. 34211], Last et al. 2016:470 [ref. 34473], Séret 2016:1364 [ref. 34545], White et al. 2016:596 [ref. 34839], Séret et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34993], Ebert & Gon 2017:205 [ref. 35352], Last et al. 2019:285 [ref. 36614]). Current status: Valid as Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus 1758). Rhinobatidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Angola. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.