Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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aquila, Raja Linnaeus [C.] 1758:232 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and Northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Mari Mediterraneo"]; localities include Aquitaine, France, Bay of Biscay, Northeastern Atlantic; Genoa, Rome and Naples, Italy; Lesbos, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Originally based at least on 25 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:72 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:100 [ref. 30349] as Raja corpore glabro, aculeo longo serrato in cauda pinnata; Rondelet 1554:338 [ref. 30354] as Secunda pastinac√¶ species, Gesner Salviani 1558:146 [ref. 30229] as Raia aquila, Jonston 1649:Pl. 9 (fig. 8) [ref. 30579] as Aquilla, Willughby 1686:64 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:23 [ref. 30231] as Aquila. See Last & Stevens 1994:455 [ref. 23873] and McEachran & Carvalho 2003:582 [ref. 26985]. •Valid as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:74 [ref. 7167], McEachran & Capapé in Whitehead et al. 1984:206 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1986:133 [ref. 5648], McEachran & Séret 1990:68 [ref. 19318], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Compagno et al. 1991:108 [ref. 21083], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:97 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:17 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24106], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:27 [ref. 26753], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:86 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:15 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2008:13 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213], George 2009:56 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:15 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Weigmann 2016:150 [ref. 34211], Séret 2016:1428 [ref. 34545], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:715 [ref. 35016]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to South Africa, straying to southern North Sea; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to Kenya, including western Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.