Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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sturio, Acipenser Linnaeus [C.] 1758:237 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Charente River at Saintes, France. Neotype: MNHN 1962-1295. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.210 (1); NRM 94 (1), 21711 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:209 [ref. 20707]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:77 [ref. 30320] as the specimen illustrated in Rondelet 1555:410; since that specimen is not in existence, Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:77 [ref. 30320] then designate MNHN 1962-1295 as the neotype to maintain sturio as the species of western and southern European species. They mistakenly referred to the neotype as the holotype on p. 77. •Synonym of Acipenser oxyrinchus Mitchell 1815, subspecies oxyrinchus Mitchell 1815 -- (Ross et al. 2001:76 [ref. 25978], Hilton et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35294]). •Valid as Acipenser sturio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:93 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:82 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:224 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:42 [ref. 22962], Lepage & Rochard 1995:28 [ref. 22130], Artyukhin 1995:7 [ref. 23782], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Chereshnev 1996:599 [ref. 24659], Bemis et al. 1997:37 [ref. 22871], Kottelat 1997:33 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:726 [ref. 24702], Birstein & Bemis 1997:160 [ref. 29760], Sokolov 1998:22 [ref. 23571], Gröger & Debus 2000:175 [ref. 24937], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:42 [ref. 26178], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:29 [ref. 26753], Hanel 2003:46 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:25 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:162 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:179 [ref. 28804], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:22 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:57 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:39 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:164 [ref. 31251], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:77 [ref. 30320], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:16 [ref. 36649], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:117 [ref. 31212], Hilton et al. 2011:136 [ref. 31407], Parin et al. 2014:45 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:36 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151]). Current status: Valid as Acipenser sturio Linnaeus 1758. Acipenseridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic (currently only the Gironde Estuary, France) and southern Europe (Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Marmara and adjacent watersheds). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.