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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Alestidae: [ 187 ] records


abeli, Alestes Fowler [H. W.] 1936:255, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65545. Paratypes: ANSP 65546-47 (2), 65548 (1, c&s) [not 65546-49]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:42 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Alestes abeli Fowler 1936 -- (Paugy 1984:140 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus abeli (Fowler 1936) -- (Géry 1995:57 [ref. 22057]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus abeli (Fowler 1936). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

acutidens, Alestes Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:276 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Zambezi River, Mozambique. Syntypes: BMNH 1861.3.10.3-4 (2, now 1); ZMB 31539 [ex ZMB 3576] (1), 3576-77 (3, 2), 16558 (many), ?23579 (7), ?23582 (18). Type catalog: Zarske 2011:57 [ref. 31375]. Also in Peters 1868:64, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [ref. 3440]. •Valid as Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852) -- (Paugy 1984:174 [ref. 6183], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Skelton 1993:203 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:203 [ref. 27406], Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007:25 [ref. 29301], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:387 [ref. 30022], Zarske 2011:57 [ref. 31375], Marshall 2011:135 [ref. 31755], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361, 368 [ref. 31751], Kramer et al. 2016:unnumbered p. [ref. 34331], Bruton et al. 2018:60 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Distribution: Central and southeastern Africa to West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

adolfi, Alestes Steindachner [F.] 1914:537 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 51 (no. 25); ref. 18910] Ulanga River at Ifakara, Tanzania. Syntypes: (3) NMW 66697 (swimbladder), 66698 (2). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1915:64 [p. 6 of separate] Pl. 1 (figs. 1-1a) [ref. 15072]. •Synonym of Alestes stuhlmannii Pfeffer 1896 -- (Paugy 1984:159 [ref. 6183], as stuhlmanni). Current status: Synonym of Alestes stuhlmannii Pfeffer 1896. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

adonis, Lepidarchus Roberts [T. R.] 1966:210, Figs. 10-11 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 3769] Small stream east of Mpataba, Ghana, about 5°05'N, 2°35'W. Holotype: CAS-SU 63546. Paratypes: MRAC 154701-02 (2); CAS-SU 63460-61 (1, 1), 63462 (orig. 20, now 14 + 2 c&s); USNM 202502 [ex CAS-SU 63462] (1). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:29 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Lepidarchus adonis Roberts 1966 -- (Paugy 1984:173 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:234 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Poll & Gosse 1995:139 [ref. 24781], Dankwa et al. 1999:20 [ref. 28023]). Current status: Valid as Lepidarchus adonis Roberts 1966. Alestidae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

aeratis, Rhabdalestes Stiassny [M. L. J.] & Schaefer [S. A.] 2005:273, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 28336] Main channel outlet from Lake Tumba near Irebu, 0°35.84'S, 17°46.96'E, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 235767. Paratypes: AMNH 235768 (10, 2 c&s). •Valid as Rhabdalestes aeratis Stiassny & Schaefer 2005. Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes aeratis Stiassny & Schaefer 2005. Alestidae. Distribution: Middle Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Alestes Günther [A.] 1894:90 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1894 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 16 Jan. 1894); ref. 14553] Tana River at Merifano, Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.12.2.51-53 (3). •Valid as Alestes affinis Günther 1894 -- (Paugy 1984:140 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus affinis (Günther 1894) -- (Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus affinis (Günther 1894). Alestidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

albolineatus, Alestes nurse Holly [M.] 1928:312, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 76 (nos 11/12) (art. 9); ref. 15854] Senegal. Syntypes: NMW 13113-33 (21). •Synonym of Alestes leuciscus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

allenii, Myletes Bennett [E. T.] 1834:45 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1834 (pt 2) (no. 18); ref. 16796] Quorro River, Niger, western Africa. No types known. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Micralestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:88, Pl. 36 (fig. 5) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Bikoro, Lake Tumba, Upper Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 806. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1899.9.26.98-99 (2); MRAC 807-810 (4), 811-815 (5), 1281 (1). Lectotype selected in Poll 1967:106 [ref. 3529]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus altus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Géry 1996:8 [ref. 22207]). •Valid as Brachypetersius altus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:164 [ref. 6183], Nzeyimana & Amiet 1992:31 [ref. 19559], Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012:478 [ref. 32195]). Current status: Valid as Brachypetersius altus (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ambiguus, Micralestes Géry [J.] 1995:50, Fig. 29 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 22057] Basin of the Oubangui, 1 kilometer west of Bari River, a tributary of the Lua River, 63 kilometers west of Gemena, Equator Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MHNG 2572.08. Paratypes: MRAC 95-26-P-3-4 (2); MTD F 27522 [ex Géry coll.] (1); Géry coll. G.966 a-c (3 or 2), d-e (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:8 [ref. 23532], Zarske 2003:14 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Micralestes ambiguus Géry 1995. Current status: Valid as Micralestes ambiguus Géry 1995. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:542 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Quanza River at Cunga and Lucala River at Lucala, Angola. Syntypes: ANSP 37964 (1) Quanza R.; BMNH 1910.11.28.60-62 (3) Lucalla River at Lucalla, 1910.11.28.63-64 (2) Quanza River at Dondo, 1910.11.28.65-70 (6) Quanze River at Cunga; ZMB 18206 (3) Quanza River at Cunga. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:42 [ref. 13621], Zarske 2011:57 [ref. 31375]. •Valid as Alestes ansorgii Boulenger 1910 -- (Paugy 1984:140 [ref. 6183], Stiassny et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30059], Zarske 2011:57 [ref. 31375]). Current status: Valid as Alestes ansorgii Boulenger 1910. Alestidae. Distribution: Angola, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:543 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Bengo River at Cabiri and Lake Kilungu, Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1910.11.28.71 (65 mm, male). Paralectotypes: ANSP 37950-55 (6) Bengo R.; BMNH 1910.11.28.72-80 (9), 1910.11.28.81-85 (5); NMW 56565 (8); USNM 86614 [ex BMNH 1910.11.28.86] (1); ZMB 18207 (6) Bengo. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:43 [ref. 13621], Vari & Howe 1991:33 [ref. 19022], Zarske 2011:64 [ref. 31375]. Lectotype selected by Poll 1967:118 [ref. 3529]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus ansorgii (Boulenger 1910) -- (Géry 1995:58 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Nannopetersius ansorgii (Boulenger 1910) -- (Paugy 1984:178 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:145 [ref. 24781], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:407 [ref. 30022], Zarske 2011:64 [ref. 31375], Skelton 2019:226, 233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Nannopetersius ansorgii (Boulenger 1910). Alestidae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

argyrotaenia, Micralestes Trewavas [E.] 1936:65, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 40; ref. 13752] Upper Cunene River, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1935.3.20.65-70 (6). •Valid as Micralestes argyrotaenia Trewavas 1936 -- (Paugy 1984:175 [ref. 6183], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes argyrotaenia Trewavas 1936. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

atercrinis, Bathyaethiops Mamonekene [V.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] 2012:478, Figs. 2-3, 5a [Copeia 2012 (no. 3); ref. 32195] Lékoumou River at bridge, 3°22'49.30"S, 13°15'55.01"E, Lékoumou Province, Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 253501. Paratypes: AMNH 253503 (1); CUMV 96796 (4); MRAC B1-19-P-1-4 (4); ZSM 40758 (4). •Valid as Bathyaethiops atercrinis Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012 -- (Moritz & Schliewen 2016:488 [ref. 34474]). Current status: Valid as Bathyaethiops atercrinis Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012. Alestidae. Distribution: Nairi River basin, Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

aurantiacus, Hemigrammopetersius Pellegrin [J.] 1930:206 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55; ref. 16118] Sangha River, tributary of Congo River, Republic of the Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1929-0144 (14). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:14 [ref. 19577], Poll 1948:78 [ref. 31166] as 29-244 and 30-249 •Valid as Phenacogrammus aurantiacus (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Paugy 1984:179 [ref. 6183], Géry 1995:54, 60 [ref. 22057], Gèry 1995:61 [ref. 22057] as aff. aurantiacus, Paugy & Schaefer 2007:395 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus aurantiacus (Pellegrin 1930). Alestidae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bagbeensis, Brycinus longipinnis Géry [J.] & Mahnert [V.] 1977:627, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-2) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 84 (no. 3); ref. 7251] Bagbe River, Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1932.5.18.6 (96 mm SL). Paratypes: BMNH 1932.5.18.7-11 (5). •Synonym of Brycinus longipinnis (Günther 1864) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:213 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Bryconalestes longipinnis (Günther 1864). Current status: Synonym of Bryconalestes longipinnis (Günther 1864). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

bahrsarae, Petersius Fowler [H. W.] 1949:245, Figs. 15-18 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Bahr Sara, a tributary of the Shari [Chari] River, near Fort Archambault [Sahr], Chad. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71876 (missing). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:43 [ref. 13621]. Originally as bahr-sarae. •In genus Brycinus. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

baka, Bathyaethiops Moritz [T.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2016:477, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4117 (no. 4); ref. 34474] Moloundou province, Ngoko River between Chûte de Cholet and Chûte de Nki, Cameroon (02°19'10"E, 14°28'15"E). Holotype: ZSM 43939. Paratypes: AMNH, DMM, MRAC, ZSM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Bathyaethiops baka Moritz & Schliewen 2016. Current status: Valid as Bathyaethiops baka Moritz & Schliewen 2016. Alestidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

baremoze, Myletes Joannis [L. de] 1835:no page number, Pl. 6 [Magasin de Zoologie 1835 (5 anneé); ref. 2355] Nile River at Thebes, Egypt. Syntypes: MNHN A-9712 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:11 [ref. 19577]. Misspelled baremose by Pellegrin 1921:635 [ref. 30437]. •Valid as Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835) -- (Paugy 1984:141 [ref. 6183], Lévêque et al. 1989:115 [ref. 26480], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:204 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087], Stiassny et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30059], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barnardi, Petersius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:100 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 49; ref. 2112] Roadside ditches about 12 kilometers from Beira, Mozambique. Holotype: CAS-SU 31521 (mixed among paratypes). Paratypes: FMNH 47198 [ex SU] (8), MRAC [ex SU] (4), SAM 22275 [now at AMG] (3, in 2 bottles), CAS-SU 31521 (74, with holotype) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:26 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:64 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hemigrammopetersius barnardi (Herre 1936) -- (Paugy 1984:168 [ref. 6183], Skelton 1993:205 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:205 [ref. 27406], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). Current status: Valid as Hemigrammopetersius barnardi (Herre 1936). Alestidae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bartoni, Alestes Nichols [J. T.] & La Monte [F. R.] 1953:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1606; ref. 12709] Mouila, Ogowe (Ogoue) Valley, Gabon. Holotype (unique): AMNH 19654. •Valid as Alestes bartoni Nichols & La Monte 1953 -- (Paugy 1984:142 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:369 [ref. 30022]). •Valid as Bryconalestes bartoni (Nichols & La Monte 1953). Current status: Valid as Bryconalestes bartoni (Nichols & La Monte 1953). Alestidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

batesii, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:435 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 70) (art. 42); ref. 15018] Kribi River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.11.12.110-111 (2), 1903.7.28.140 (1). •Valid as Alestes batesii Boulenger 1903 -- (Paugy 1984:143 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valencinnus 1850 -- (Pauly 1986:295 [ref. 32545]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bequaerti, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:148 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 15234] Ituri River, Avakubi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 14538. •Synonym of Alestes imberi Peters 1852 -- (Paugy 1984:147 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852) -- (Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725], Decru et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34370]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

bifasciatus, Duboisialestes Poll [M.] 1967:135, 138, Fig. 31 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Bokuma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 96575. Paratypes: (16) MRAC 96578-81 (4), 104634 (1), 105067-71 (5), 153743 (1), 93663 (1), 142960-63 (4); ZMA 104771 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:17 [ref. 19236], Derijst 1991:38 [ref. 21528] as Duboisalests. •Valid as Duboisialestes bifasciatus Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:167 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:145 [ref. 24781]). •Valid as Alestopetersius bifasciatus (Poll 1967) -- (Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:67 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius bifasciatus (Poll 1967). Alestidae. Distribution: Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculatus, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:85, Pl. 36 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Kutu, Lake Leopold II, Upper Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.9.26.92-93 (2), MRAC 792-795 (4). •Valid as Alestes bimaculatus Boulenger 1899 -- (Paugy 1984:143 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus bimaculatus (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bleheri, Phenacogrammus Géry [J.] 1995:52, Figs. 34-35 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 22057] Small tributary of Bari River, tributary to Lua River, Oubangui basin, 74 meters on road Bozene to Gemena, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MHNG 2572.09. Paratypes: MTD F 27525 [ex Géry coll.] (1), Géry coll. G. 971a-d (4 or 3). Type catalog: Weber 1998:8 [ref. 23532], Zarske 2003:14 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus bleheri Géry 1995. Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus bleheri Géry 1995. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bouboni, Alestes Roman [B.] 1973:51, Fig. [Notes et documents voltaïques: bulletin trimestriel d'information scientifique, Centre Voltaïque de la Recherche Scientifique. v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 7468] Boubon, Niger River, 20 kilometers north of Niamey, Niger, western Africa. Holotype: MHV-V436. Paratypes: MHV-V437 (1, allotype), V438-441 (4), V952 (1). •Valid as Alestes bouboni Roman 1973 -- (Paugy 1984:143 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengeri, Bryconaethiops Pellegrin [J.] 1900:101 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 14734] Ogowe River at Adoumas, Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1886-0356. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:10 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Bryconaethiops boulengeri Pellegrin 1900 -- (Paugy 1984:166 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:139 [ref. 24781], Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1214, 1223 [ref. 29470], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361, 366 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Bryconaethiops boulengeri Pellegrin 1900. Alestidae. Distribution: Congo and Ogowe River basins: Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, and ?Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

breuseghemi, Micralestes Poll [M.] 1945:50, Fig. 6 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 13133] Tributary of Luembe River, west of Kakonge (Kasai), Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 59191. Paratypes: MRAC 59192-204 (13). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:55 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Bathyaethiops breuseghemi (Poll 1945) -- (Paugy 1984:163 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:143 [ref. 24781], Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012:478 [ref. 32195], Moritz & Schliewen 2016:489 [ref. 34474]). Current status: Valid as Bathyaethiops breuseghemi (Poll 1945). Alestidae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevianalis, Micralestes Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:101 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 20673] Lake Chad, Zone E.-S.-E., at border of Ilôts-bancs (loc. Bangarom). Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0231 (16), 1959-0236 (now 1), 1987-2108 [ex 1959-236] (2); CEPFL 9 (1), 839 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:263 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852) -- (Paugy 1984:174 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Micralestes elongatus Daget 1957 -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes elongatus Daget 1957. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevidorsalis, Petersius Pellegrin [J.] 1921:49 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 46; ref. 15324] Gribingui River at Fort Crampel, Central African Republic. Syntypes: MNHN 1921-0010 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:13 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Hemigrammopetersius brevidorsalis (Pellegrin 1921) -- (Paugy 1984:168 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Rhabdalestes brevidorsalis (Pellegrin 1921) -- (Paugy 1990:82 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:230 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes brevidorsalis (Pellegrin 1921). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipinnis, Alestes Perugia [A.] 1892:975 [9] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 10; ref. 3433] Vivi, Congo. Syntypes: MSNG 9248 (8), NMW 1603 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:183 [ref. 10343]. On p. 9 of separate. •Synonym of Micralestes holargyreus (Günther 1873) -- (Paugy 1984:176 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes holargyreus (Günther 1873). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:594 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 72) (art. 60); ref. 15020] Lagos, Nigeria; Ghana. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.3.8.11 (1) Lagos, 1903.4.24.152-153 (2) Gold Coast, 1903.4.24.154-155 (2) Lagos. •Valid as Alestes brevis Boulenger 1903 -- (Paugy 1984:143 [ref. 6183] wrongly with a holotype). •Valid as Brycinus brevis (Boulenger 1903) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:220 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus brevis (Boulenger 1903). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Hydrocyon Günther [A.] 1864:351 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Upper Nile River, Khartoum, Sudan. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.6.17.94-96 (3). •Valid as Hydrocynus brevis Günther 1864 -- (Paugy 1984:169 [ref. 6183], Brewster 1986:195 [ref. 8104], Paugy & Guégan 1989:68 [ref. 26479], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:199 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:18 [ref. 28023], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Hydrocynus brevis Günther 1864. Alestidae. Distribution: Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

brichardi, Alestopetersius Poll [M.] 1967:83, 89, Fig. 17 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Yangambi, Lake Yandja, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 121105. Paratypes: MNHN 1967-0664 (2); MRAC 121106-12 (7), 88310 (1), 137415 (1), 153739 (1), 42892 (1), 88311-17 (7), 101407 (1), 104632-33 (2), 153740 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:24 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus brichardi (Poll 1967) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius brichardi Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:160 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:59 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius brichardi Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brumpti, Petersius Pellegrin [J.] 1906:368 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 12 (no. 6); ref. 15681] Abba River, affluent of Dongou, tributary of Uellé River, Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1903-0294. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:13 [ref. 19577], Poll 1948:78 [ref. 31166]. •Synonym of Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:160 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cadwaladeri, Petersius Fowler [H. W.] 1930:30, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ANSP 51748. Paratypes: ANSP 51749-56 (8), 51757 (1, missing). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:44 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brachypetersius cadwaladeri (Fowler 1930) -- (Paugy 1984:165 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Brachypetersius cadwaladeri (Fowler 1930). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

caeruleus, Phenacogrammus Matthes [H.] 1964:53, Pl. 2a-b [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 126; ref. 2911] Boteli River, Ikela region, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 138534. Paratypes: MRAC 138563-94 (32), 138535-56 (22), 138562 (1, allotype); MZUSP [ex USNM] (1); USNM 365952 [ex MRAC 138557-138561] (5, now 4). •Valid as Tricuspidalestes caeruleus (Matthes 1964) -- (Paugy 1984:183 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:143 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Tricuspidalestes caeruleus (Matthes 1964). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

carmesinus, Alestes Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:681, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Zambi, Kinshasa [Leopoldville] Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6330. •Valid as Alestes carmesinus Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Paugy 1984:143 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus carmesinus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Current status: Valid as Brycinus carmesinus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

carolinae, Alestes Paugy [D.] & Lévêque [C.] 1981:97, Fig. 1 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 8563] Niandan, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1980-1522. Paratypes: MNHN 1980-1523 (12). •Valid as Alestes carolinae Paugy & Lévêque 1981 -- (Paugy 1984:144 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus carolinae (Paugy & Lévêque 1981) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:216 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Mirande 2010:476 [ref. 31006]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus carolinae (Paugy & Lévêque 1981). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

caudalis, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:89, Pl. 37 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Boma, Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.9.26.102-103 (2); MRAC 849 (1), 850 (1), 851-52 (2), 853-54 (2). •Valid as Phenacogrammus caudalis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:160 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:59 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

caudomaculatus, Micralestes Pellegrin [J.] 1925:101 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 50; ref. 15562] Sangha River at Ouesso, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1925-0128. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:13-14 [ref. 19577], Poll 1948:78 [ref. 31166]. •Valid as Bathyaethiops caudomaculatus (Pellegrin 1925) -- (Paugy 1984:163 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:143 [ref. 24781], Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012:478 [ref. 32195], Moritz & Schliewen 2016:489 [ref. 34474]). Current status: Valid as Bathyaethiops caudomaculatus (Pellegrin 1925). Alestidae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chaperi, Alestes Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:320 [8], Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 7; ref. 18674] Cania River, Assini, Ghana. Syntypes: BMNH 1882.5.12.2-4 [ex MNHN] (3), 1883.7.4.88-90 [ex MNHN] (3); MNHN A-4418 to A-4420 (1, 6, 3), A-4523 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:11-12 [ref. 19577]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Alestes chaperi Sauvage 1882 -- (Paugy 1984:144 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus longipinnis (Günther 1864) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:115 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:213 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477]). •See Brycinus sp. aff. chaperi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Géry 1995:55 [ref. 22057]). •Synonym of Bryconalestes longipinnis (Günther 1864). Current status: Synonym of Bryconalestes longipinnis (Günther 1864). Alestidae. Distribution: Ghana. Habitat: freshwater.

comoensis, Micralestes Poll [M.] & Roman [B.] 1967:179, Figs. 1-2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 75 (nos 1-2); ref. 7985] Comoe River, on route from Bobo-Dioulasso to Abidjan, 68 kilometers South of Bobo-Dioulasso, Upper Volta. Holotype: MRAC 141924. Paratypes: MNHN 1967-0667 (2); MRAC 141941 (1), 141925-28 (4), 141929-36 (8), 141937-40 (4), 153172-82 (11), 153183-86 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:55 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Micralestes comoensis Poll & Roman 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:175 [ref. 6183], Paugy 1990:81 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:223 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes comoensis Poll & Roman 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Petersius Poll [M.] & Gosse [J.-P.] 1963:47, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 116; ref. 5138] River Lotolo, route Yangambi-Bosulo, Central Congo. Holotype: MRAC 137845. Paratypes: (12) MRAC 102218-19 (2), 137846-47 (2), 137848-49 (2), 13750-51 (1, 1), 137852-55 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:61 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus compresus (Poll & Gosse 1963) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius compressus (Poll & Gosse 1963) -- (Paugy 1984:161 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:59 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius compressus (Poll & Gosse 1963). Alestidae. Distribution: Central Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

comptus, Alestes Roberts [T. R.] & Stewart [D. J.] 1976:270, Pl. 6 (fig. a) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 147 (no. 6); ref. 7388] Lower Congo River, near Inga hydroelectric dam, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°31.5'S, 13°37.5'E. Holotype: MCZ 50506. Paratypes: MCZ 48232 (6). •Valid as Alestes comptus Roberts & Stewart 1976 -- (Paugy 1984:160 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus comptus (Roberts & Stewart 1976). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

congicus, Micralestes Poll [M.] 1967:44, 46, Fig. 5 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Bokuma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 96582. Paratypes: MRAC 96583-84 (2), 153747 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:56 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Micralestes congicus Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:175 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes congicus Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

conserialis, Petersius Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1894:173 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1894; ref. 2169] Kingani River, at Dunda,Tanzania. Syntypes: FMNH 54287 (1), ZMB 13535 (4) Dunda. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:64 [ref. 12367], Zarske 2011:64 [ref. 31375]. •Valid as Petersius conserialis Hilgendorf 1894 -- (Paugy 1984:179 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:147 [ref. 24781], Zarske 2011:64 [ref. 31375]). Current status: Valid as Petersius conserialis Hilgendorf 1894. Alestidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

conspectus, Alestopetersius Mbimbi Mayi Munene [J. J.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] 2012:64, Figs. 4-6 [Zootaxa No. 3166; ref. 31766] Kwilu River at Carrefour, 05.19160°S, 18.94947°E, Banduundu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 253473. Paratypes: AMNH 253475 (9), 253476 (10, 2 c&s), 253477 (5); CUMV 96797 (2); MRAC B1-19-5-6 (2); ZSM 40759 (2). •Valid as Alestopetersius conspectus Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012. Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius conspectus Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012. Alestidae. Distribution: Kwile River, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

curtus, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:16 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Avakubi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 7584. •Synonym of Alestes imberi Peters 1852 -- (Paugy 1984:147 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852) -- (Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

dageti, Alestes Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:100 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 20673] Lake Chad, Zone E.-S.-E, at border of Ilôts-bancs (loc. Bangarom). Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0224 (19, as "types"), CEPFL 1082-89 and 1091-94 (12, as "paratypes"). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:262 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Alestes dageti Blache & Miton 1960 -- (Paugy 1984:144 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832), but a valid subspecies -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:215-216 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

deheyni, Phenacogrammus Poll [M.] 1945:54, Fig. 8 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 13133] Mumbia, Territory of Lisala, Congo basin. Holotype: MRAC 57789. Paratypes: MRAC 38325 (1), 41864 (1), 57540 (1), 57585 (1), 62169 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:62 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus deheyni Poll 1945 -- (Paugy 1984:179 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus deheyni Poll 1945. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dentex, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:325 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Nile River. Holotype (unique): NRM 49. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:214-215 [ref. 20707]. See also Opinion 1813. Based on Salmo dentex Hasselquist 1757:395 [ref. 30181]. •Valid as Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paugy 1984:144 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:205 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dentex, Salmo Hasselquist [F.] 1762:437 [Reise nach Palästina; ref. 18250] Not available, published in a rejected work (ICZN Opinion 57). Also not an independent species description, but same as Cyprinus dentex Linnaeus 1758 -- (Fricke 2008:15 [ref, 30182]). Based on Hasselquist 1757:395 [ref. 30181], also a rejected work (ICZN Opinion 57). •In the synonymy of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Alestidae.

derhami, Brycinus Géry [J.] & Mahnert [V.] 1977:618, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 84 (no. 3); ref. 7251] Néro River, towards Mont Klon, about 5°11'N, 7°12'W, southwest of Ivory Coast, western Africa. Holotype: MHNG 1183.06. Paratypes: Géry coll. 0707 (2); MHNG 1253.46-47 (4), 1253.48-52 (5). Type catalog: Weber 1998:7 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Alestes derhami (Géry & Mahnert 1977) -- (Paugy 1984:146 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus derhami Géry & Mahnert 1977 -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:214 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Bryconalestes derhami (Géry & Mahnert 1977) -- (Zanata & Vari 2005:92 [ref. 28816], Pezold et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Bryconalestes derhami (Géry & Mahnert 1977). Alestidae. Distribution: Ivory Coast and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

duboisi, Hemigrammopetersius Poll [M.] 1959:81, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [v. 71 (art. 3); ref. 3522] Stanley Pool, Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 118350. Paratypes: (159) MRAC 119351-69 (19), 118380-82 (3), 118441-45 (5), 118446 (1); plus 16 more lots at MRAC. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:46 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Duboisialestes tumbensis (Hoedeman 1951) -- (Paugy 1984:168 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Alestopetersius tumbensis (Hoedeman 1951). Current status: Synonym of Alestopetersius tumbensis (Hoedeman 1951). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

eburneensis, Micralestes Daget [J.] 1965:590 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 36 (no. 5) (1964); ref. 9210] Cavally near Toulépleu, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MNHN 1964-0270. Paratypes: MNHN 1964-0271 (orig. 23, now 20), MRAC 154716-17 (2). The subspecies soudaniensis is unavailable. •Valid as Rhabdalestes eburneensis (Daget 1965) -- (Paugy 1984:181 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Micralestes eburneensis Daget 1965 -- (Paugy 1990:81 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:227 [ref. 21589], Pezold et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes eburneensis Daget 1965. Alestidae. Distribution: Ivory Coast and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Micralestes acutidens Daget [J.] 1957:126, Fig. 11 (bottom) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 50; ref. 12063] Bougouri-Ba, Upper Volta. Holotype: MNHN 1956-0106. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0409 (3), 1960-0410 (16, now 14), 1960-0411 (4), 1960-0412 (9), 1960-0413 (6, now 5); MRAC 154714-15 (2). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:262 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Micralestes elongatus Daget 1957 -- (Paugy 1984:175 [ref. 6183], Paugy 1990:81 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:228 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:20 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087] as aff. elongatus, Paugy & Schaefer 2007:389 [ref. 30022], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes elongatus Daget 1957. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

epuluensis, Brycinus Decru [E.], Vreven [E. J.], Sadio [O.] & Snoeks [J.] 2016:55, Figs. 4, 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 34370] Edoro River, upstream of the bridge, near the research camp at Edoro-Afarama, Epulu River, Ituri River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1°33'01"N, 28°30'41"E. Holotype: MRAC A9-029-P-0612. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Brycinus epuluensis Decru, Vreven, Sadio & Snoeks 2016 -- (Decru et al. 2017:237 [ref. 35620]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus epuluensis Decru, Vreven, Sadio & Snoeks 2016. Alestidae. Distribution: Epulu River, Ituri River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterus, Alestes Pellegrin [J.] 1907:139 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 32; ref. 15167] Soubré, middle Sassandra River basin, Ivory Coast. Syntypes: MNHN 1907-0320 and 0321 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:12 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Alestes nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy 1984:156 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:215 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Alestes Hopson [A. J.] & Hopson [J.] 1982:299, Fig. 5.19 [The fishes of Lake Turkana v. 1; ref. 8472] 1 kilometer west of North Island, Lake Turkana, depth 38 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1978.5.16.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1978.5.16.2-30 (29), 1978.5.16.31-36 (6 c&s). •Valid as Brycinus ferox (Hopson & Hopson 1982) -- (Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus ferox (Hopson & Hopson 1982). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa: Lake Turkana. Habitat: freshwater.

flammeus, Bathyaethiops Moritz [T.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2016:482, Figs. 6-9 [Zootaxa 4117 (no. 4); ref. 34474] Province Orientale, Bakéré River at Yambula-Bakere, Democratic Republic of Congo (01°42'41"N, 23°43'24"E). Holotype: ZSM 43945. Paratypes: AMNH, DMM, MRAC, ZSM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Bathyaethiops flammeus Moritz & Schliewen 2016. Current status: Valid as Bathyaethiops flammeus Moritz & Schliewen 2016. Alestidae. Distribution: Bakéré River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

fodori, Micralestes Matthes [H.] 1965:178, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 71 (nos 1-2); ref. 9228] Lake Fwa, Congo. Holotype: MRAC 140901. Paratypes: IRSAC (2); MRAC 71317-80 (64), 140902 (1), 140903-06 (4). •Valid as Micralestes fodori Matthes 1965 -- (Paugy 1984:175 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes fodori Matthes 1965. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

forskahlii, Hydrocyon Cuvier [G.] 1819:354, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5; ref. 1017] Nile River, Egypt. Holotype: MNHN 0000-1691. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:29-30 [ref. 19577]. See discussion in Brewster 1986:193 [ref. 8104] about type specimens; she treats MNHN 1691 as the holotype. Misspelled forskali in Pellegrin 1921:635 [ref. 30437]. See also Salmo roschal Walbaum 1792. •Valid as Hydrocynus forskahlii (Cuvier 1819) -- (Paugy 1984:170 [ref. 6183], Brewster 1986:193 [ref. 8104], Paugy & Guégan 1989:68 [ref. 26479] as forskalii, Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480] as forskalii, Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478] as forskalii, Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:200 [ref. 21589] as forskalii, Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477] as forskalii, Dankwa et al. 1999:18 [ref. 28023] as forskalii, Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:357 [ref. 30022], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Hydrocynus forskahlii (Cuvier 1819). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fuchsii, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:83, Pl. 36 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Boma (rivière des crocodiles); Stanley Pool (region of the falls); Lac Leopold II; Monsembé. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.9.26.94 (1) Kutu; MRAC 796-799 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Alestes imberi Peters 1852 -- (Paugy 1984:147 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852) -- (Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fwaensis, Brycinus Géry [J.] 1995:48, Figs. 25-26 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 22057] Lake Fwa, draining into Lubi River, Kasai basin, about 155 kilometers east of Kananga, Kasai Occidental, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 6°30'S, 23°00'E. Holotype: MHNG 2572.07. Paratypes: MRAC 95-26-P-1-2 (2), MTD F 27517 [ex Géry coll.] (1), Géry coll. G.965a-h (8, now 7). Type catalog: Weber 1998:7 [ref. 23532], Zarske 2003:13 [ref. 27474]. Current status: Valid as Brycinus fwaensis Géry 1995. Alestidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

gabonensis, Brachypetersius Poll [M.] 1967:104, 108, Fig. 22 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Diala River, route Lambaréné-Mouila, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 153770. Paratypes: MRAC 153771-72 (1, 1), 153773-75 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:31 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus gabonensis (Poll 1967) -- (Géry 1995:59 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Brachypetersius gabonensis Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:165 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:403 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Brachypetersius gabonensis Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

goliath, Hydrocyon Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:23, Pl. 11 [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 2); ref. 4864] Manyanga, Upper Congo. Lectotype: BMNH 1898.11.17.4. Paralectotypes: BMNH [lost, 1], MRAC 77 (1), 116 (1), 117 (1), 166 (1) (orig. 6 syntypes). Lectotype designation by Brewster 1986:197 [ref. 8104]. •Valid as Hydrocynus goliath Boulenger 1898 -- (Paugy 1984:171 [ref. 6183], Brewster 1986:197 [ref. 8104]). Current status: Valid as Hydrocynus goliath Boulenger 1898. Alestidae. Distribution: Upper Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

grandi, Micralestes Fowler [H. W.] 1936:260, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65553. Paratypes: ANSP 65554 (1), 65555 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:47 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:161 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

grandisquamis, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:85, Pl. 35 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Matadi, Boma, Lac Leopold II, Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.1.13.1 (1), 1899.9.26.91 (1); MRAC 354-55 (2) Uerre, 800 (1) Boma, 801 (1) Kutu, 802 (1) Ibali, 1195 (1) Ibali. •Valid as Alestes grandisquamis Boulenger 1899 -- (Paugy 1984:146 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus grandisquamis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus grandisquamis (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

greeni, Bathyaethiops Fowler [H. W.] 1949:247, Figs. 19-23 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Oka, Congo system, 18 miles north of Eovo, Lembesse River basin, French Equatorial Africa. Holotype: ANSP 71877. Paratypes: ANSP 71878-87 (11). Additional material: (39) ANSP 94719 (37). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:47 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Bathyaethiops greeni Fowler 1949 -- (Paugy 1984:164 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:143 [ref. 24781], Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012:478 [ref. 32195], Moritz & Schliewen 2016:489 [ref. 34474]). Current status: Valid as Bathyaethiops greeni Fowler 1949. Alestidae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

guile, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:255 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Thebes; Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN A-9717, MNHN A-9768. Perhaps not independent of Myletes guile Joannis 1835. •Synonym of Alestes nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy 1984:156 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

guile, Myletes Joannis [L. de] 1835:no page number, Pl. 9 [Magasin de Zoologie 1835 (5 anneé); ref. 2355] Nile River at Thèbes, Egypt. Syntypes: MNHN A-9717 (1), A-9767 (1), A-9768 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:11 [ref. 19577]. Originally as guilé. •Synonym of Alestes nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy 1984:155 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:215 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

habereri, Bryconaethiops microstoma var. Steindachner [F.] 1913:13, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. v. 89; ref. 14987] Dja River, Moloundou District [East Region], southeastern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): NMW 62749. Taxon not included in earlier abstract [ref. 18816]. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

hasselquistii, Myletes Cuvier [G.] 1818:449, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 1016] Nile River. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6301 (1), A-9713 to 9715 (5, 1, 1), A-9883 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:10 [ref. 19577]. Placed on the Official Index in Opinion 1813. •Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paugy 1984:144 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

heterodontus, Phenacogrammus Poll [M.] 1945:56, Fig. 9 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 13133] Kunungu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 44610. Paratypes: MRAC 31487-88 (2), 44611-12 (2), 57182 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:62 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Phenacogrammus aurantiacus (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Paugy 1984:179 [ref. 6183], Gèry 1995:61 [ref. 22057]). Current status: Synonym of Phenacogrammus aurantiacus (Pellegrin 1930). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

hilgendorfi, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:91, Pl. 37 (fig. 5) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Kutu, upper Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 829. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1899.9.26.108-109 (2), 1899.9.26.110-111 (2); MRAC 830-835 (6), 836-840 (5), 841-844 (4). Lectotype selected in Poll 1967:78, 85 [ref. 3529]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus hilgendorfi (Boulenger 1899) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius hilgendorfi (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:161 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:62 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius hilgendorfi (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

holargyreus, Alestes Günther [A.] 1873:144 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 68) (art. 19); ref. 2003] Boma, Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1873.7.28.19-23 (5). •Valid as Micralestes holargyreus (Günther 1873) -- (Paugy 1984:176 [ref. 6183], Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007:26 [ref. 29301]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes holargyreus (Günther 1873). Alestidae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

huloti, Micralestes Poll [M.] 1954:58, Fig. 2 [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1; ref. 12662] Yangambi, Lomboma River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 68616. Paratypes: (278) IRSNB 250-268 (22, 4, 7, 11, 3, 1, 3, 2, 7, 5, 3, 9, 4, 11, 2, 42, 2, 1, 3); MRAC 120878-010 (133). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:11 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:55 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Brachypetersius huloti (Poll 1954) -- (Paugy 1984:165 [ref. 6183], Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012:483 [ref. 32195]). Current status: Valid as Brachypetersius huloti (Poll 1954). Alestidae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

humilis, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:458 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 15 (no. 89) (art. 59); ref. 15344] Quanza River, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.5.29.66. •Valid as Alestes humilis Boulenger 1905 -- (Paugy 1984:146 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus humilis (Boulenger 1905) -- (Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus humilis (Boulenger 1905). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

humilis, Micralestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:87, Pl. 36 (fig. 4) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Katu, Lake Leopold II, Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 805. •Valid as Micralestes humilis Boulenger 1899 -- (Paugy 1984:176 [ref. 6183], Paugy 1990:81 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:226 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007:27 [ref. 29301], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:391 [ref. 30022], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361 [ref. 31751], Decru et al. 2017:239 [ref. 35620], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes humilis Boulenger 1899. Alestidae. Distribution: Western and central Africa: Lower Guinea, Niger and Zambezi rivers and lakes Chad, Mweru and Tanganyika. Habitat: freshwater.

imberi, Alestes Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:276 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Zambezi River, Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 3574. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1861.3.10.1-2 (2); ZMB 3575 (5), 23588 [ex ZMB 16122] (1), 32374 [ex ZMB 3574] (1). Type catalog: Zarske 2011:60 [ref. 31375]. Also in Peters 1868:66, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [ref. 3440]. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Alestes imberi Peters 1852 -- (Paugy 1984:146 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852) -- (Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:219 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Skelton 1993:201 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023], Skelton 2001:201 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:129, 131 [ref. 26059], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Zarske 2011:60 [ref. 31375], Marshall 2011:129 [ref. 31755], Kullander & Roberts 2012:366, 368 [ref. 31751], Decru et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34370], Pezold et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34870], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Distribution: Widespread in central and southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

inferus, Alestes Stiassny [M. L. J.], Schelly [R. C.] & Mamonekene [V.] 2009:110, Fig. 1-3, 4A, 5A, 6A and C, 7 [Copeia 2009 (no. 1); ref. 30059] Mpozo River main channel at bridge near confluence with Congo River mainstream, 5°50'05"S, 13°29'42"E, Bas Congo Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 242136. Paratypes: AMNH 242137 (4), 242138 (4, 2 c&s). •Valid as Alestes inferus Stiassny, Schelly & Mamonekene 2009. Current status: Valid as Alestes inferus Stiassny, Schelly & Mamonekene 2009. Alestidae. Distribution: Mpozo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:22, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 570] Kribi River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.11.12.106-108 (3) or 105-108 (4). •Valid as Alestes intermedius Boulenger 1903 -- (Paugy 1984:148 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus intermedius (Boulenger 1903) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:211 [ref. 21589], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:371 [ref. 30022]). •Valid as Bryconalestes intermedius (Boulenger 1903) -- (Zanata & Vari 2005:92 [ref. 28816]). Current status: Valid as Bryconalestes intermedius (Boulenger 1903). Alestidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Petersius Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:103 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 20673] Lake Chad, Zone E.-S.-E, at border of Ilôts-bancs (loc. Bangarom). Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0228 (5, as "types", now 4), CEPFL no number (29, as "paratypes"); MRAC 154724 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:263 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Hemigrammopetersius intermedius (Blache & Miton 1960) -- (Paugy 1984:168 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Rhabdalestes intermedius (Blache & Miton 1960) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480]). •Synonym of Rhabdalestes septentrionalis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Paugy 1990:82 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:231 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdalestes septentrionalis (Boulenger 1911). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

interruptus, Micralestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:88, Pl. 36 (fig. 6) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Stanley Pool, Lower Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 817. Paralectotypes: (should be 2) BMNH 1899.9.26.100-101 (2), MRAC 816 (1). Lectotype selected in Poll 1967:53, 62 [ref. 3529]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus interruptus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:180 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus interruptus (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

jacksonii, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:601 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 60); ref. 14831] Malawa River, Kavirondo, Uganda, elevation 4000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.10.15.6. •Valid as Alestes jacksonii Boulenger 1912 -- (Paugy 1984:148 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus jacksonii (Boulenger 1912) -- (Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087], Seegers 2008:180 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus jacksonii (Boulenger 1912). Alestidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria drainage. Habitat: freshwater.

kelbelbahr, Squalus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:x [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Locality not stated [Nile River, Egypt]. Originally as kelb el bahr, i.e., canis marinus. Not available as species name is not binomial -- (Fricke 2008:9 [ref. 30182]). Based on Salmo dentex (vernacular name Kalb-el-bar, i.e. canis marinus) of Hasselquist 1762:437 [ref. 18250], a rejected work (ICZN Opinion 57). Fabricius, who compiled the Forsskål volume, apparently confused the genera Salmo and Squalus. •Questionably a Mustelus sp. -- (Fricke 2008:9 [ref. 30181]). •In the synonymy of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Alestidae.

kingsleyae, Alestes Günther [A.] 1896:279, Pl. 15 (fig. B) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 17 (no. 100) (art. 37); ref. 14607] Ogowe River, Gabon. Lectotype: BMNH 1896.5.5.77. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1896.5.5.78-80 (3). Lectotype selected by Kadem Toham & Teugels 1997:368 [ref. 22770]. •Valid as Alestes kingsleyae Günther 1896 -- (Paugy 1984:149 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus kingsleyae (Günther 1896) -- (Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:363 [ref. 22770], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:377 [ref. 30022], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361,366 [ref. 31751], Skelton 2019:226, 233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus kingsleyae (Günther 1896). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

kotschyi, Alestes Heckel [J. J.] 1847:308, Pl. 21 (fig. 4) [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Assuan, Egypt. Syntypes: NMW 16630 (1, dry), 66687 (2). •Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835) -- (Paugy 1984:140 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

kribensis, Alestopetersius hilgendorfi Hoedeman [J. J.] 1951:7 [Beaufortia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 2178] Africa (no specific locality). No types known. Type catalog: Matthes 1964:178 [ref. 19237]. Described in key, no other information presented. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lamberti, Nannopetersius Poll [M.] 1967:118, 122, Fig. 26 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Pointe-Noire, Sunda, Republic of the Congo. Holotype: MRAC 153760. Paratypes: MRAC 153761-69 (9). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:57 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Nannopetersius lamberti Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:178 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:145 [ref. 24781], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:409 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Nannopetersius lamberti Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

langi, Alestes Fowler [H. W.] 1935:258, Fig. 4 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Thamalakane River at Maun, Botswana. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30015 [ex TMP 15259]. Paratypes: ANSP 54256-58 (3), FMNH 33203-05 [ex TMP] (3), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 43014 [ex TMP 15260-61, 61524, and 15266] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:49 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:6 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Alestes lateralis Boulenger 1900 -- (Paugy 1984:149 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lateralis, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:130, Pl. 48 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 6); ref. 555] Lake Dilolo, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.12.13.25 (1), MRAC 384-388 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Alestes lateralis Boulenger 1900 -- (Paugy 1984:149 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Skelton 1993:202 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:202 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:133 [ref. 31755], Bruton et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Alestidae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

leleupi, Rhabdalestes Poll [M.] 1967:130, Fig. 28 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Teita District, Lake Jipe, Kenya, elevation 1000 meters. Holotype (unique): MRAC 153759. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:64 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Rhabdalestes leleupi Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:181 [ref. 6183], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes leleupi Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lemairii, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:84, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.97 (1), MRAC 221 (1). •Synonym of Alestes imberi Peters 1852 -- (Paugy 1984:147 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852) -- (Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

leopoldianus, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:90, Pl. 37 (fig. 4) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Kutu, Lake Leopold II, Upper Congo; Ibali. Lectotype: MRAC 821. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1899.9.26.104-106 (3) Kutu; MRAC 818 (1), 819 (1), 820 (1), 822-824 (3), 825-827 (3). Lectotype selected in Poll 1967:79, 87 [ref. 3529]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus leopoldianus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius leopoldianus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:162 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:59 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius leopoldianus (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lerneri, Micralestes Nichols [J. T.] & La Monte [F. R.] 1938:1, Figs. 1-2 [American Museum Novitates No. 1001; ref. 17161] Entebbe, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: AMNH 13736. Paratypes: AMNH 13737 (1). •Synonym of Alestes sadleri Boulenger 1906 -- (Paugy 1984:158 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus sadleri (Boulenger 1906) -- (Seegers 1996:171 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus sadleri (Boulenger 1906). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

leuciscus, Alestes Günther [A.] 1867:114 [5] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 116) (art. 15); ref. 1989] Niger, West Africa (purchased). Syntypes: BMNH 1865.1.20.16-17 (2). On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Alestes leuciscus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:115 [ref. 26480], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:209 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023], Hauber et al. 2011:81 [ref. 31428]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

liebrechtsii, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:29, Pl. 15 [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 2); ref. 4864] Upoto and Umangi, Upper Congo. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1898.11.17.22 (1) Upoto; MRAC 122 (1) Leopoldville, 140 (1) Upoto, 168 (1) Umangi. •Valid as Alestes liebrechtsii Boulenger 1898 -- (Paugy 1984:151 [ref. 6183], Stiassny et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30059]). Current status: Valid as Alestes liebrechtsii Boulenger 1898. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Hydrocyon Schlegel [H.] in Bleeker 1863:125 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3249. •Synonym of Hydrocynus vittatus (Castelnau 1861) -- (Paugy 1984:171 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:199 [ref. 21589], Seegers 1996:175 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Hydrocyon forskahlii (Cuvier 1819) -- (Brewster 1986:193 [ref. 8104], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrocynus forskahlii (Cuvier 1819). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

loennbergi, Petersius Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:57, Pl. 2 (fig. 2); Figs. 19-20 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] Swamps along Gambia River, western Africa. Syntypes: NRM 10229 (4), 13920 (2), 14347 (17), 14400-04 (2, 2, 1, 29, 4), 38012 (1), 38036 (11). •Valid as Rhabdalestes loennbergi (Svensson 1933) -- (Paugy 1984:182 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Rhabdalestes septentrionalis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Paugy 1990:82 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:231 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdalestes septentrionalis (Boulenger 1911). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

longipinnis, Brachyalestes Günther [A.] 1864:315 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Sierra Leone; River Congo. Syntypes: (8) BMNH 1862.11.15.7 [ex Royal Coll. Surgeons] (1), BMNH 1864.3.16.2-7 (6). •Valid as Alestes longipinnis (Günther 1864) -- (Paugy 1984:151 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:213 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Brycinus longipinnis (Günther 1864) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:115 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:367 [ref. 30022], Skelton 2019:226 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Bryconalestes longipinnis (Günther 1864) -- (Zanata & Vari 2005:92 [ref. 28816], Pezold et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34870], Arroyave et al. 2019:[7] [ref. 36840]). Current status: Valid as Bryconalestes longipinnis (Günther 1864). Alestidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lualabae, Micralestes Poll [M.] 1967:44, 48, Fig. 6 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Kindu, Lualaba River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 70201. Paratypes: MNHN 1967-0668 (2); MRAC 70194-200 (7), 70202-17 (16), 70219-27 (9), 70228-33 (6). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:56 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Micralestes lualabae Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:176 [ref. 6183], Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007:26 [ref. 29301], Kullander & Roberts 2012:366 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes lualabae Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

luluae, Micralestes Fowler [H. W.] 1930:29, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Kasai River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ANSP 51715. Paratypes: ANSP 51716-39 (24). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:50 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852) -- (Paugy 1984:174 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

luteus, Alestes Roman [B.] 1966:63, Pl. 2 (figs. 3-4) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 150; ref. 9061] Kou River, tributary of the Black Volta River, 30 kilometers north of Bobo-Dioulasso, West Africa. Holotype: MRAC 141127. Paratypes: MRAC 141128 (1, allotype), 141129-33 (5), 141134-41 (8), 141142-44 (3). •Valid as Alestes luteus Roman 1966 -- (Paugy 1984:152 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus luteus (Roman 1966) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:211 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus luteus (Roman 1966). Alestidae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepidotus, Alestes Bilharz [T.] 1852:469, Pl. 37 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 31647] River Nile, near Cairo, Egypt. Syntypes: NMW (2). Described independently of, and a secondary homonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850. Added to database Nov. 2011, from R. van der Laan. •Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Paugy 1984:153 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepidotus, Brycinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:157, Pl. 639 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6335. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:11 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Pezold et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34870], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036], Decru et al. 2017:237 [ref. 35620], Skelton 2019:226 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850. Alestidae. Distribution: West Africa and the Nile system. Habitat: freshwater.

macrophthalmus, Alestes Günther [A.] 1867:113 [4] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 116) (art. 15); ref. 1989] Gabon. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.5.3.25. On p. 4 of separate. •Valid as Alestes macrophthalmus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:154 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:206 [ref. 21589], De Vos et al. 2001:129, 131 [ref. 26059], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:363 [ref. 30022], Stiassny et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30059], Kullander & Roberts 2012:368 [ref. 31751], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564] as macropthalmus). Current status: Valid as Alestes macrophthalmus Günther 1867. Alestidae. Distribution: Widespread in central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

macrops, Bryconaethiops Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:15, Fig. 6 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Bafwasende, Avakubi and Bosabangi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1919.9.10.100 (1) Avakubi; MRAC 7223 (1), 7225-27 (3), 7228-29 (2), 7230 (1), 7340 (1). •Valid as Bryconaethiops macrops Boulenger 1920 -- (Paugy 1984:166 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:139 [ref. 24781], Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1214, 1224 [ref. 29470], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:359 [ref. 30022], Mirande 2010:476 [ref. 31006]). Current status: Valid as Bryconaethiops macrops Boulenger 1920. Alestidae. Distribution: Lower Guinea Province and the Congo River basin: Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

major, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:436 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 70) (art. 42); ref. 15018] Ja River at Bitye, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.7.28.221-222 (2). •Valid as Phenacogrammus major (Boulenger 1903) -- (Amiet & Nzeyimana 1990:1 [ref. 19728], Gèry 1995:62 [ref. 22057], Paugy 1984:180 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:397 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus major (Boulenger 1903). Alestidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

massarti, Micralestes Poll [M.] 1945:52, Fig. 7 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 13133] Mukishi, tributary of Lomami River, near Kamina (Katanga), Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 30804-05 (2). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:56 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Brachypetersius cadwaladeri (Fowler 1930) -- (Paugy 1984:165 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Brachypetersius cadwaladeri (Fowler 1930). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

maunensis, Petersius Fowler [H. W.] 1935:259, Fig. 5 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Thamalakane River at Maun, Botswana. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30004 [ex TMP 15276]. Paratypes: ANSP 54259 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:50 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Alestes lateralis Boulenger 1900 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Rhabdalestes maunensis (Fowler 1935) -- (Paugy 1984:182 [ref. 6183], Skelton 1993:204 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:204 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:137 [ref. 31755], Bruton et al. 2018:61 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes maunensis (Fowler 1935). Alestidae. Distribution: South-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

microstoma, Bryconaethiops Günther [A.] 1873:143 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 68) (art. 19); ref. 2003] Boma, Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1873.7.28.25-26 (2). •Valid as Bryconaethiops microstoma Günther 1873 -- (Paugy 1984:166 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:139 [ref. 24781], De Vos et al. 2001:129, 131 [ref. 26059], Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1214, 1223 [ref. 29470], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:361 [ref. 30022], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Bryconaethiops microstoma Günther 1873. Alestidae. Distribution: Congo River basin: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

minutus, Alestes Hopson [A. J.] & Hopson [J.] 1982:302, Fig. 5.20 [The fishes of Lake Turkana v. 1; ref. 8472] 5 kilometers northwest of Ilaret, Lake Turkana [Lake Rudolf], Kenya, depth 8 meters. Holotype: BMNH. Paratypes: BMNH (5), (10), (6), (6, stained). •Valid as Brycinus minutus (Hopson & Hopson 1982) -- (Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus minutus (Hopson & Hopson 1982). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa: Lake Turkana. Habitat: freshwater.

mocquardianus, Brachyalestes Thominot [A.] 1886:167 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 10; ref. 17904] San Benito, Equitorial Guinea, western Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1885-0428. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:10 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Bryconaethiops microstoma Günther 1873 -- (Paugy 1984:166 [ref. 6183], Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1215 [ref. 29470]). Current status: Synonym of Bryconaethiops microstoma Günther 1873. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

modestus, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:92, Pl. 37 (fig. 6) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] Kutu, Lake Leopold II, Upper Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 828. •Synonym of Alestopetersius hilgendorfi (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:161 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Phenacogrammus hilgendorfi (Bopulenger 1899) -- (Gèry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). Current status: Synonym of Phenacogrammus hilgendorfi (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mutambuei, Nannopetersius Wamuini Lunkayilakio [S.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2008:369, Figs. 2, 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 29978] Ngufu River, tributary of Inkisi River at bridge Luangu village, Kavuaya village, 5°04'44.2"S, 15°07'51"E, Lower Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC A6-007-P-0222. Paratypes: AMNH 239655 [ex. MRAC A6-007-P-0226 and MRAC A6-007-P-230] (2); MRAC A6-007-P-0223-225 (3), -P-227-229 (3), -P-231 (1), -P -0233 (2). Plus extensive non-type material. •Valid as Nannopetersius mutambuei Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2008 -- (Skelton 2019:229 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Nannopetersius mutambuei Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2008. Alestidae. Distribution: Inkisi River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

nana, Alestes nurse var. Pellegrin [J.] 1935:133 [v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 13918] Nanoropus, Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya, elevation 565 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1933-0084 to 0086 (7, 6, 7); NMBA 4888 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:12-13 [ref. 19577], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:52 [ref. 13796]. Possibly published earlier in Pellegrin 1935:415 [ref. 13732] but in name only. •Synonym of Alestes nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy 1984:156 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:216 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

natalensis, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:155 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 80) (art. 23); ref. 15116] Near Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1904.6.28.33 (1). •Synonym of Alestes lateralis Boulenger 1900 -- (Paugy 1984:149 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

neglectus, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:18 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Poko, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 8064. •Synonym of Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852) -- (Paugy 1984:174 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes acutidens (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricauda, Alestes Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1974:143, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 88 (no. 1); ref. 7545] Toyébli, 6°38'N, 8°29'W, Cess River, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 73-10-P-1510. Paratypes: MRAC 73-5-P-896-97 (2), 73-5-P-898-99 (2), 73-10-P-1511-1516 (6), 73-10-P-1517-20 (4). •Valid as Alestes nigricauda Thys van den Audenaerde 1974 -- (Paugy 1984:155 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus nigricauda (Thys van den Audenaerde 1974) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:217 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus nigricauda (Thys van den Audenaerde 1974). Alestidae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrilineatus, Alestes Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:53, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] Swamps along Gambia River, western Africa. Syntypes: (4) NRM 10222 (3). •Synonym of Alestes leuciscus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:209 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigropterus, Alestopetersius Poll [M.] 1967:84, 93, Fig. 18 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Ibali, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 845. Paratypes: MRAC 820 (1), 839-840 (2), 842-844 (3), 846-847 (2). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:24 [ref. 21528]. Types are also paralectotypes of Petersius leopoldianus Boulenger (MRAC 820) or Petersius hilgendorfi Boulenger (all others). •Valid as Phenacogrammus nigropterus (Poll 1967) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius nigropterus Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:162 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:59 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius nigropterus Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

niloticus, Characinus Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1809:[239, 241], Pl. 4 [Poissons du Nil v. 1 (part 1); ref. 4182] Nile River. No types known. The page numbers are from a different edition. •Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paugy 1984:144 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

niloticus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:312 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Nile River. No types known. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

notospilus, Micralestes Pellegrin [J.] 1930:197 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55; ref. 16118] Ogowe River, La Passa, Gabon. Syntypes: (5) MNHN 1929-0234 (1), MRAC 20645 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:13 [ref. 19577], Poll 1948:77 [ref. 31166] as 22-234. •Valid as Brachypetersius notospilus (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Paugy 1984:165 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:403 [ref. 30022], Mamonekene & Stiassny 2012:483 [ref. 32195]). Current status: Valid as Brachypetersius notospilus (Pellegrin 1930). Alestidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nummifer, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:18 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Poko, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH (1), MRAC 8057-58 (2). •Synonym of Brachypetersius altus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:164 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Phenacogrammus altus (Boulenger 1899). Current status: Synonym of Phenacogrammus altus (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nurse, Myletes Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1832:12, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Fortsetzung der Beschreibung und Abbildung meherer neuer Fische; ref. 18643] Cairo, Egypt. Holotype (unique): SMF 1051. •Valid as Alestes nurse Rüppell 1832 -- (Paugy 1984:155 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:215 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Dankwa et al. 1999:19 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087] with subspecies, Paugy & Schaefer 2007:375 [ref. 30022], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

occidentalis, Petersius Günther [A.] 1899:731, Pl. 45 (fig. B) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1899 (pt 3); ref. 14705] Kotchwah River, Ghana. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1899.12.22.32-36 (5). •Valid as Micralestes occidentalis (Günther 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:177 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy 1990:81 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:224 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:20 [ref. 28023]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes occidentalis (Günther 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

opisthotaenia, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:22, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 570] Kribi River and Mvile River, southern Cameroon. Lectotype: BMNH 1902.11.12.109. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1903.7.28.128-129 (2), ?1903.7.28.130 (1), 1903.7.28.131 (1). Lectotype selected by Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:368 [ref. 22770]. •Valid as Alestes opisthotaania Boulenger 1903 -- (Paugy 1984:157 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus opisthotaenia (Boulenger 1903) -- (Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:363 [ref. 22770], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:381 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus opisthotaenia (Boulenger 1903). Alestidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pabrensis, Phenacogrammus Roman [B.] 1966:71, Pl. 4 (fig. 7-8) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 150; ref. 9061] Reservoir of Pabré, White Volta basin, 22 kilometers northeast of Ouagodougou, West Africa. Holotype: MRAC 141261. Paratypes: MRAC 141262 (1, allotype), 141263-66 (4), 141267-78 (13? or 12), 141359-65 (7), 141366-78 (13), 141379-97 (19), 141332-58 (27). •Valid as Phenacogrammus pabrensis Roman 1966 -- (Paugy 1984:180 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Micralestes pabrensis (Roman 1966) -- (Paugy 1990:81 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:222 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:20 [ref. 28023]). •Valid as Virilia pabrensis (Roman 1966) -- (based on placement of the type species). Current status: Valid as Virilia pabrensis (Roman 1966). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

peringueyi, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1923:437 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 13 (pt 7, no. 13); ref. 15397] Mansa River, Zambia [n. Rhodesia]. Holotype (unique): SAM 14530 [now at AMG]. Originally as péringueyi. •Valid as Alestes peringueyi Boulenger 1923 -- (Paugy 1984:157 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus peringueyi (Boulenger 1923). Current status: Valid as Brycinus peringueyi (Boulenger 1923). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

polli, Phenacogrammus Lambert [J. G.] 1961:17, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 93; ref. 9362] Lomela River, Lomela, Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 125500. •Valid as Phenacogrammus polli Lambert 1961 -- (Paugy 1984:180 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus polli Lambert 1961. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

poptae, Alestes Pellegrin [J.] 1906:367 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 12 (no. 6); ref. 15681] Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1890-0019. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:12 [ref. 19577], Poll 1948:77 [ref. 31166]. •Valid as Alestes poptae Pellegrin 1906 -- (Paugy 1984:157 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus poptae (Pellegrin 1906) -- (Géry 1996:7 [ref. 22207]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus poptae (Pellegrin 1906). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudonummifer, Brachypetersius Poll [M.] 1967:105, 110, Fig. 23 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Avakubi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 2919. Paratypes: MNHN 1967-0665 (2); MRAC 2949 (1), 2968-72 (5), 2992-3000 (9), 7840-41 (2), 7992-93 (2), 8071 (1), 14522 (1), 14525-27 (3), 14529 (1), 14533-34 (2), 15502-03 (2). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:31 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Brachypetersius pseudonummifer Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:165 [ref. 6183], Nzeyimana & Amiet 1992:31 [ref. 19559], Kullander & Roberts 2012:366 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Brachypetersius pseudonummifer Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pulcher, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:237, Fig. 180 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 1; ref. 14364] Ja River at Bitye, Congo system, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.4.29.48-49 (2). •Valid as Hemigrammopetersius pulcher (Boulenger 1909) -- (Paugy 1984:168 [ref. 6183], Amiet & Nzeyimana 1990:5 [ref. 19728]). •Valid as Phenacogrammus pulcher (Boulenger 1809) -- (Gèry 1995:62 [ref. 22057]). Current status: Valid as Hemigrammopetersius pulcher (Boulenger 1909). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

quinquesquamae, Bryconaethiops Teugels [G. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1990:208, Figs. 2-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 19031] Cross River near Mamfe town, 5°46'N, 9°17'E, Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC 73-40-P-28. Paratypes: MRAC 73-29-P-934 (1, c&s, dissected), MRAC 73-29-P-935 to 937 (3), MRAC 73-29-P-938 (1), MRAC 73-40-P 29 to 30 (2), MRAC 88-35-P-185 to 186 (2). •Valid as Bryconaethiops quinquesquamae Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:201 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:139 [ref. 24781], Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1214, 1224 [ref. 29470], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:359 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Bryconaethiops quinquesquamae Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990. Alestidae. Distribution: Lower Guinea province and the Niger River delta: Cameroon and Nigeria, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rhodesiensis, Petersius Ricardo-Bertram [C. K.] 1943:201 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 41 (no. 278); ref. 13217] Chambezi River and Lake Bangweulu, Zambia. Syntypes: BMNH 1943.4.27.142-145 (4). •Valid as Rhabdalestes rhodesiensis (Ricardo-Bertram 1943) -- (Paugy 1984:182 [ref. 6183], Skelton 2001:204 [ref. 27406], Stiassny & Schaefer 2005:275 [ref. 28336], Marshall 2011:137 [ref. 31755] mention). Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes rhodesiensis (Ricardo-Bertram 1943). Alestidae. Distribution: Upper Congo River, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rhodopleura, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:547, Pl. 30 (fig. 3) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 6, no. 1); ref. 573] Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.9.9.79 (1) Tanganyika, 1906.9.8.37 (1) Nyamkolo, 1906.9.8.38 (1) Mtondwe Bay, 1906.9.8.39 (1) Lofu. •Valid as Alestes rhodopleura Boulenger 1906 -- (Paugy 1984:157 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus rhodopleura (Boulenger 1906) -- (De Vos et al. 2001:129, 131 [ref. 26059]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus rhodopleura (Boulenger 1906). Alestidae. Distribution: Lake Tanganyika. Habitat: freshwater.

rochefoucauldi, Micralestes Fowler [H. W.] 1936:256, Fig. 23 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65549. Paratypes: ANSP 65550 (1), 65551 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:53 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Brachypetersius altus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:164 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Phenacogrammus altus (Boulenger 1899). Current status: Synonym of Phenacogrammus altus (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

roloffi, Ladigesia Géry [J.] 1968:83, Fig.; Figs. 1-3, 5-7 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 16 (no. 8, Apr.); ref. 1591] Kasewe Forest, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMH H4270. Paratypes: (8) Géry coll. (?4), ZMH H4271 (4). •Valid as Ladigesia roloffi Géry 1968 -- (Paugy 1984:173 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:234 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Poll & Gosse 1995:139 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Ladigesia roloffi Géry 1968. Alestidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

roschal, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:81 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Nile River, near Cairo, Egypt. A forgotten name, not used as valid since 1899, therefore reversal of priority in favor of Hydrocyon firskahlii Cuvier 1819 is followed (Art. 23.9) -- (Fricke 2008:18 [ref. 30182]). Misidentified as Salmo dentex (non Linnaeus 1758) by Forsskäl 1775:xiii, 66 [ref. 1351] with vernacular name "Roschal'. •Synonym of Hydrocynus forskahlii (Cuvier 1819) -- (Fricke 2008:18 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrocynus forskahlii (Cuvier 1819). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rueppellii, Brachyalestes Günther [A.] 1864:315 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Upper Nile River, Khartoum, Sudan. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.6.17.15-16 (2), 1862.6.17.154 (1). Originally as rüppellii, corrected to rueppellii by Kullander 2016:95 [ref. 34436]. •Synonym of Alestes nurse (Rüppell 1832) -- (Paugy 1984:156 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus nurse (Rüppell 1832). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rutilus, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1916:181, Fig. 116 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 4; ref. 585] Northern Sherbo District, Sierra Leone. Syntypes: BMNH 1915.4.13.16-17 (2). •Valid as Alestes rutilus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Paugy 1984:158 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:115 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:220 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sadleri, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:435 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.105. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.106 (1). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:171 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Alestes sadleri Boulenger 1906 -- (Paugy 1984:158 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus sadleri (Boulenger 1906) -- (Seegers 1996:171 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087], Seegers 2008:180 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus sadleri (Boulenger 1906). Alestidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria drainage. Habitat: freshwater.

sardina, Micralestes Poll [M.] 1938:411, Fig. 12 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Kandulu, near Sakania, tributary of Luembe River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 50040. Paralectotypes: MRAC 50041-51 (11). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:56 [ref. 21528]. Lectotype selected by Poll 1967:40 [ref. 3529]. •Valid as Micralestes sardina Poll 1938 -- (Paugy 1984:177 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Micralestes humilis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Decru et al. 2017:238 [ref. 35620]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes humilis Boulenger 1899. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

schelly, Micralestes Stiassny [M. L. J.] & Mamonekene [V.] 2007:21, Figs. 1F, 2D, 3-6 [Zootaxa No. 1614; ref. 29301] Congo River main channel near Inga at point 50, 5°31.69S, 13°36.47E, Bas Congo Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 240662. Paratypes: AMNH 239518 (29, 5 c&s), CUMV 93431 (2), MCZ 166773 (2), MNHN 2007-1629 (2), MRAC 2007-26-P-1-2 (2), ZSM 33982 [ex. AMNH 239518] (2). Type cataloig: Neumann 2011:236 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Micralestes schelly Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007. Current status: Valid as Micralestes schelly Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007. Alestidae. Distribution: Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

schoutedeni, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:7, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Lebuzi River at Kuka Muno, and at Boma Vonde, Lower Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.4.1.241-242 (2) Lebuzi R., 1912.4.1.243 (1) Kuko Muno; MRAC 1599-1600 (1, 1). •Valid as Alestes schoutedeni Boulenger 1912 -- (Paugy 1984:159 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Paugy & Schaefer 2007:375 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes 1850. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

schoutedeni, Clupeocharax Pellegrin [J.] 1926:159 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 13 (no. 3-4); ref. 3404] Tondu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 19699. •Valid as Clupeocharax schoutedeni Pellegrin 1926 -- (Paugy 1984:167 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:141 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Clupeocharax schoutedeni Pellegrin 1926. Alestidae. Distribution: Republic of the Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

senegalensis, Alestes (Brachyalestes) Steindachner [F.] 1870:545 [13], Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 18768] Dagana, Bakel, Senegal. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1891.5.26.17-18 (2); NMW 14222-27 (5), 13375-432 (58), 66741 (2), 66774-83 (4, 4, 2, 7, 5, 2, 4, 5, 4, 3), 66784-88 (3, 7, 4, 4, 5), 66790 (4), 66791-814 (88 in 24 lots), 66824 (5), 75895 (5), 67146-47 (3, 10), 66815-16 (4, 120), 69610 (182); ZMH 1799 (1), 1800 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:412 [ref. 21161]. On p. 13 of separate. •Synonym of Alestes leuciscus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:209 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

senegalensis, Alestes nurse Holly [M.] 1928:310, Fig. 2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 76 (nos 11/12) (art. 8); ref. 20200] Senegal. Syntypes: NMW. Apparently not a new name but a new combination for Alestes senegalensis Steindachner 1870. •Synonym of Alestes leuciscus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus leuciscus (Günther 1867). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

septentrionalis, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:373 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 7 (no. 40) (art. 41); ref. 12351] Geba and Culufi rivers, Guinea-Bissau. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.4.1.144-149 (orig. 6, now 5) Geba R., ?MCZ 31506 (1), MRAC 7093 (1), ?ZMB 18441 (6) Culufi. Type catalog: Zarske 2011:66 [ref. 31375]. •Valid as Rhabdalestes septentrionalis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Paugy 1984:182 [ref. 6183], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:300 [ref. 26478], Paugy 1990:82 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:231 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:337 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:20 [ref. 28023], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:393 [ref. 30022], Ibala Zamba & Vreven 2008:382 [ref. 29971], Zarske 2011:66 [ref. 31375]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes septentrionalis (Boulenger 1911). Alestidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

sethente, Alestes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:190 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN A-9716 (5). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:11 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paugy 1984:145 [ref. 6183], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758), but possibly a valid subspecies -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:205 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes dentex (Linnaeus 1758). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

signifer, Lepidarchus adonis Isbrücker [I. J. H.] 1970:133 [Beaufortia v. 18 (no. 234); ref. 19238] Small creek, southeast of Robertsfield airfield, about 50 miles southeast of Monrovia, Liberia, about 6°12'N, 10°20'W. . Holotype: ZMA 110208. Paratypes: MCZ 46682 (1), Géry coll. No. 0627 AFR (1); ZMA 110209-10 (11, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:21 [ref. 19236]. One paratype in error, removed on K. Hartel email 14 Mar. 2016 Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

smykalai, Alestopetersius Poll [M.] 1967:84, 97, Fig. 19 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 162; ref. 3529] Aba, Lower Niger, Nigeria. Holotype: MRAC 153776. Paratypes: MRAC 153777 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:24 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Rhabdalestes smykalai (Poll 1967) -- (Paugy 1990:82 [ref. 19787], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:229 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Phenacogrammus smykalai (Poll 1967) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Valid as Alestopetersius smykalai Poll 1967 -- (Paugy 1984:162 [ref. 6183], Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:59 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius smykalai Poll 1967. Alestidae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

somonorum, Hydrocyon Daget [J.] 1954:116, Fig. 34 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Khartoum [Kolenzé, Diafarabé, Dia bozo?], Upper Niger. Lectotype: BMNH 1862.6.17.94. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1862.6.17.95-96 (2) (orig. 8 syntypes, 1 dissected). Lectotype designation by Brewster 1986:195 [ref. 8104]. •Valid as Hydrocynus somonorum Daget 1954 -- (Paugy 1984:171 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Hydrocynus brevis Günther 1864 -- (Brewster 1986:195 [ref. 8104], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367] as a possible hybrid). Current status: Synonym of Hydrocynus brevis Günther 1864. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

spilopterus, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:239, Fig. 182 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 1; ref. 14364] Niger Delta, southern Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.7.16.40-41 (2) mouth of Niger, 1908.12.9.53 (1) 80 mi east of Lagos. •Valid as Arnoldichthys spilopterus (Boulenger 1909) -- (Paugy 1984:163 [ref. 6183], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:232 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:145 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Arnoldichthys spilopterus (Boulenger 1909). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

splendens, Alestes Werner [F.] 1906:1127 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 115 (Abt. 1) (no. 7); ref. 17834] •Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835) -- (Paugy 1984:141 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

stigmatura, Micralestes Fowler [H. W.] 1936:257, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] 30 kilometers east of Kribi, Cameroon. Holotype: ANSP 65552 [not 65551]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:54 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus stigmatura (Fowler 1936) -- (Paugy 1984:181 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus stigmatura (Fowler 1936). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

stolatus, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:17 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Poko, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.9.10.115 (1), MRAC 8050 (1). •Synonym of Micralestes stormsi Boulenger 1902 -- (Paugy & Poll 1982:101 [ref. 20637], Paugy 1984:177 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes stormsi Boulenger 1902. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

stormsi, Micralestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:265, Pl. 28 (figs. 1-2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 4); ref. 4865] Lindi River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.4.14.28-31 (4), IRSNB 8 (21), MSNM 3 [ex MSNM 4443, ex IRSNB] (1). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:222 [ref. 21560], Walschaerts 1987:11 [ref. 20755]. •Valid as Micralestes stormsi Boulenger 1902 -- (Paugy & Poll 1982:101 [ref. 20637], Paugy 1984:177 [ref. 6183], De Vos et al. 2001:129, 131 [ref. 26059], Stiassny & Mamonekene 2007:27 [ref. 29301], Mirande 2010:475 [ref. 31006], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361, 366 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes stormsi Boulenger 1902. Alestidae. Distribution: Widespread in Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

stuhlmannii, Alestes Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:44 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Kingani River, Tanzania. Syntypes: ZMB 13675 (2). Type catalog: Zarske 2011:60 [ref. 31375]. •Valid as Alestes stuhlmannii Pfeffer 1896 -- (Paugy 1984:159 [ref. 6183] as stuhlmanni, Stiassny et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30059] as stuhlmanni, Zarske 2011:60 [ref. 31375] as stuhlmannii). Current status: Valid as Alestes stuhlmannii Pfeffer 1896. Alestidae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniata, Alestes fuchsii var. Pellegrin [J.] 1903:328 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 9 (no. 7); ref. 13919] Ouellé River, Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1903-0291. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:12 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Alestes imberi Peters 1852 -- (Paugy 1984:147 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852) -- (Seegers 1996:166 [ref. 23725], Decru et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34370]). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus imberi (Peters 1852). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatus, Phenacogrammus Géry [J.] 1996:5, Figs. 1, 3-4 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 22207] Sangha River, about 160 kilometers east of Lokomo, Boumba and Ngoko Dept., Cameroon, about 2°45'N, 16°05'E. Holotype: MHNG 2583.28. Paratypes: Géry coll. 997-1 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:8 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Phenacogrammus taeniatus Géry 1996. Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus taeniatus Géry 1996. Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniurus, Alestes Günther [A.] 1867:113 [5] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 116) (art. 15); ref. 1989] Gabon, West Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.5.3.26. •Valid as Alestes taeniurus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:159 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:377 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus taeniurus (Günther 1867). Alestidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

tanganicae, Alestes (Alestiops) macrophthalmus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1951:3 [Beaufortia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 2178] Africa (no specific locality). Described in key. •Synonym of Alestes macrophthalmus Günther 1867 -- (Paugy 1984:154 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes macrophthalmus Günther 1867. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tangensis, Petersius Lönnberg [E.] 1907:2 [Sjöstedts Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedition; ref. 15155] Tanga, eastern Africa, pool on inundated ground. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.20.1-2 (2), NRM 9744 (13). •Valid as Rhabdalestes tangensis (Lönnberg 1907) -- (Paugy 1984:182 [ref. 6183], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes tangensis (Lönnberg 1907). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

tanzaniae, Hydrocynus Brewster [B.] 1986:199, Figs. 30-31 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 50 (no. 3); ref. 8104] Lower Ruvu River, Tanzania. Holotype: BMNH 1976.10.21.130. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.7.7.41-42 (2). Additional material: BMNH 1972.11.28.3-4 (2), 1976.10.21.128-129 (2), 1981.1.14.33-43 (11), .44 (1), .45-46 (2); MRAC 188963-68 (6), 191468 (1). •Valid as Hydrocynus tanzaniae Brewster 1986. Current status: Valid as Hydrocynus tanzaniae Brewster 1986. Alestidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

tchadense, Alestes baremoze Blache [J.] 1964:74, Fig. 30 [Mémoires de l'ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) No. 4; ref. 7943] Lake Chad basin. Syntypes: (many). Species spelled baremose on p. 13. •Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835) -- (Paugy 1984:141 [ref. 6183], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tessmanni, Alestes Pappenheim [P.] 1911:510, Fig. 1 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 14797] South Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 18376. Additional material: (3) Städtisches Museum Lübeck (2, destroyed in WWII), ZMB 18377 (1). Type catalog: Zarske 2011:62 [ref. 31375]. Only ZMB 18376 was considered by Pappenheim 1911 [ref. 3907] as type specimen. The remaining 3 specimens are therefore considered as additional material. •Valid as Alestes tessmanni Pappenheim 1911 -- (Paugy 1984:159 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Brycinus tessmanni (Pappenheim 1911) -- (Zarske 2011:62 [ref. 31375]). Current status: Valid as Brycinus tessmanni (Pappenheim 1911). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

thamalakanensis, Alestes Fowler [H. W.] 1935:257, Fig. 3 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Thamalakane River at Maun, Botswana. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30016 [ex TMP 15233]. Paratypes: (25) ANSP 54251-55 (5); FMNH 33198-202 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 43016 [ex TMP 15227-32, 15234-36, 15238-42, 15245-46] (14). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:55 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:6 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Alestes lateralis Boulenger 1900 -- (Paugy 1984:150 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Current status: Synonym of Brycinus lateralis (Boulenger 1900). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tholloni, Alestes Pellegrin [J.] 1901:329 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 7 (no. 7); ref. 14887] Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1890-0021 and 0022 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:12 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Alestes tholloni Pellegrin 1901 -- (Paugy 1984:160 [ref. 6183], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:373 [ref. 30022]). •Valid as Bryconalestes tholloni (Pellegrin 1901). Current status: Valid as Bryconalestes tholloni (Pellegrin 1901). Alestidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

trilobatus, Hemigrammopetersius Pellegrin [J.] 1931:207 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 56; ref. 16321] Lali River, tributary of Kouilou River, Republic of the Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1930-0249 and 0250 (6). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:14 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Phenacogrammus aurantiacus (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Paugy 1984:179 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Phenacogrammus aurantiacus (Pellegrin 1930). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tumbensis, Alestopetersius (Petersialestes) xenurus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1951:8 [Beaufortia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 2178] Lake Tumba, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: ZMA 100166. Paralectotypes: MRAC 154727 [ex ZMA] (1), ZMA 100166a (1). Type catalog: Matthes 1964:178 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:13 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Matthes 1964:178 [ref. 19237]. •Valid as Duboisialestes tumbensis (Hoedeman 1951) -- (Paugy 1984:167 [ref. 6183], Poll & Gosse 1995:145 [ref. 24781]). •Valid as Alestopetersius tumbensis Hoedeman 1951 -- (Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Stiassny 2012:68 [ref. 31766]). Current status: Valid as Alestopetersius tumbensis (Hoedeman 1951). Alestidae. Distribution: Republic of Congo and Democratic Repurblic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ubalo, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:544 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Rumango and Kilunda, Angola. Syntypes: ANSP 37917-22 (6); BMNH 1910.11.28.87-92 (6) Rumango, 1910.11.28.93-100 (8) Kilunda; ZMB 18208 (7) Rumango. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:55 [ref. 13621], Zarske 2011:67 [ref. 31375]. •Synonym of Phenacogrammus ansorgii (Boulenger 1910) -- (Géry 1995:58 [ref. 22057], Zarske 2011:67 [ref. 31375]). •Synonym of Nannopetersius ansorgii (Boulenger 1910) -- (Paugy 1984:178 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Nannopetersius ansorgii (Boulenger 1910). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

urotaenia, Micralestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:228, Fig. 172 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 1; ref. 14364] Kribi River at Efulen, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.7.28.136-139 (4). •Valid as Phenacogrammus urotaenia (Boulenger 1909) -- (Paugy 1984:181 [ref. 6183], Amiet & Nzeyimana 1990:1 [ref. 19728], Gèry 1995:62 [ref. 22057], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:399 [ref. 30022]). Current status: Valid as Phenacogrammus urotaenia (Boulenger 1909). Alestidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Alestes Boulenger [G. A.] 1917:363 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 20 (no. 119); ref. 15084] Lufuko River at Pala, Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.1.16.21-25 (5) Albertville; MRAC 11547-48 (2), 14323-24 (2). Lectotype mentioned in Poll 1967:39 [ref. 3529], but without clear indication of specimen chosen. •Valid as Micralestes vittatus (Boulenger 1917) -- (Paugy 1984:178 [ref. 6183], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Micralestes vittatus (Boulenger 1917). Alestidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Hydrocinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:65 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Rundu, Okavango River, Namibia, 17°54'S, 19°46'E. Neotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 22228. Original locality: Lake N'gami, Botswana, South Africa. Neotype designated by Paugy & Guégan 1989:66 [ref. 26479]. •Valid as Hydrocynus vittatus Castelnau 1861 -- (Paugy 1984:171 [ref. 6183], Brewster 1986:193 [ref. 8104], Paugy & Guégan 1989:68 [ref. 26479], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:199 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367], Skelton 1993:206 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:175 [ref. 23725], Skelton 2001:206 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:129, 131 [ref. 26059], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087], Paugy & Schaefer 2007:355 [ref. 30022], Marshall 2011:137 [ref. 31755], Kullander & Roberts 2012:368 [ref. 31751], Bruton et al. 2018:58 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Hydrocynus vittatus Castelnau 1861. Alestidae. Distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Hydrocyon Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:24, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 2); ref. 4864] Umangi, Upoto, and Manyanga. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1898.11.17.5 (1). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Hydrocinus vittatus Castelnau 1861, replaced by Hydrocyon vittiger Boulenger 1907. •In the synonymy of Hydrocynus goliath Boulenger 1898 -- (Brewster 1986:197 [ref. 8104]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrocynus goliath Boulenger 1898. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

vittiger, Hydrocyon Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:106 [Zoology of Egypt: The fishes of the Nile; ref. 6510] Manyanga. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.11.17.5 (1); MRAC 149 (1), 165 (1). Replacement name for Hydrocyon vittatus Boulenger 1898, preoccupied by Hydrocinus vittatus Castelnau 1861. •Valid as Hydrocynus vittiger (Boulenger 1907) -- (Paugy 1984:173 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Hydrocynus goliath Boulenger 1898 -- (Brewster 1986:197 [ref. 8104]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrocynus goliath Boulenger 1898. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

voltae, Micralestes Roman [B.] 1966:67, Pl. 3 (figs. 5-6) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 150; ref. 9061] Niamé, stream flowing into Kou River, tributary of the Black Volta River, about 20 kilometers from Bobo-Dioulasso, West Africa. Holotype: MRAC 141158. Paratypes: MNHN 1967-0669 (2); MRAC 141159 (1, allotype), 141180-92 (13), 141167-79 (13), 141160-66 (7). Other material: MRAC 141260 (1), 153163-64 (2). •Valid as Micralestes voltae Roman 1966 -- (Paugy 1984:178 [ref. 6183]). •Synonym of Micralestes occidentalis (Günther 1899) -- (Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1990:224 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:139 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes occidentalis (Günther 1899). Alestidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

woosnami, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:487 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 120) (art. 67); ref. 15139] Aruwimi River, Congo River system, Central Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.4.20.35-36 (2). •Synonym of Micralestes humilis Boulenger 1899 -- (Paugy 1984:176 [ref. 6183], Decru et al. 2017:239 [ref. 35620]). Current status: Synonym of Micralestes humilis Boulenger 1899. Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

wytsi, Alestes (Alestes) Steindachner [F.] 1870:542 [10], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 18768] Dagana, Bakel, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) ?MCZ 4008 (4); NMW 76206 (2), 54790 (4), 54793 (7), 66755-73 (4, 5, 8, 4, 2, 5, 2, 3, 4, 4, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 4, 2, 5, 2). On p. 10 of separate. •Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835) -- (Paugy 1984:141 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestes baremoze (Joannis 1835). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

xenurus, Petersius Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:17, Fig. 7 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Avakubi and Poko, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.9.10.132-134 (3) Avakubi, 1919.9.10.135 (1) Poko; MRAC 7205-09 (5), 8060 (1), 8105 (1). •Synonym of Phenacogrammus caudalis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Géry 1995:54 [ref. 22057]). •Synonym of Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Paugy 1984:161 [ref. 6183]). Current status: Synonym of Alestopetersius caudalis (Boulenger 1899). Alestidae. Habitat: freshwater.

yokai, Rhabdalestes Ibala Zamba [A.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2008:378, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 29971] Léfini River, access canal to Lake Itsotso, left bank of Louna River, Lésio-Louna National Reserve, 3°03'S, 15°49'E, Middle Congo River basin, Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 2004-046-P-0258. Paratypes: AMNH 239654 [ex MRAC 2004-046-P-270-272] (3); MRAC 2004-046-P-0259-269 (11). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Rhabdalestes yokai Ibala Zamba & Vreven 2008. Current status: Valid as Rhabdalestes yokai Ibala Zamba & Vreven 2008. Alestidae. Distribution: Léfini and Sangha basins, Middle Congo River, Republic of Congo and Central African Republic. Habitat: freshwater.

yseuxi, Bryconaethiops Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:82, Pl. 37 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 4); ref. 549] "Haut Congo" [Upper Congo River basin above Matadi]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1899.6.27.38. See Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1216 [ref. 29470] for definition of "Haut Congo" -- an old term for the Conge R. basin above Matidi (5°49'S, 13°27'E). •Synonym of Bryconaethiops microstoma Günther 1873 -- (Paugy 1984:166 [ref. 6183]). •Valid as Bryconaethiops yseuxi Boulenger 1899 -- ( Ibala Zamba et al. 2007:1216 [ref. 29470]). Current status: Valid as Bryconaethiops yseuxi Boulenger 1899. Alestidae. Distribution: Lower Congo River basin from Boma to Pool Malebo (formerly Stanley Pool), Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.