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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Anarhichadidae: [ 24 ] records


dentex, Anarhichas Bloch [M. E.] 1784:Pl. 74 (fig. 2) [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] No types known. Text appeared in Bloch & Schneider 1801:496 [ref. 471]. •Based on tooth plate; status uncertain -- (Mecklenburg 2003:4 [ref. 27300]). Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Anarhichas Krøyer [H. N.] 1845:140 [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1844 (no. 8); ref. 19477] Greenland. No types known. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:74 [ref. 9588]. See Springer and Anderson (1997:4-5 [ref. 22953]) for information on disposition of Lycichthys fortidens and L. paucidens types. •Synonym of Anarhichas latifrons Steenstrup 1876 -- (Barsukov 1959:115 [ref. 23136]). •Valid as Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845 -- (Barsukov 1973:529 [ref. 7213], Barsukov in Whitehead et al. 1986:1114 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:235 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:430 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:166 [ref. 14674], Miki in Okamura et al. 1995:212 [ref. 22531], Fricke 1999:46 [ref. 24101], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:784 [ref. 25968], Moore et al. 2003:228 [ref. 27076], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300], Nelson et al. 2004:160 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:66 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:129 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:165 [ref. 32708], Mecklenburg 2014:145 [ref. 33463], Parin et al. 2014:458 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:165 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:71, 85 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:214 [ref. 34440], Rodríguez-Cabello et al. 2016:310 [ref. 36556], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:398 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845. Anarhichadidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

egerti, Anarrhichas Steenstrup [J. J.] 1842:647 [Förhandlingar vid de Skandinaviske Naturforskarnes. v. 3 (Sect. 5); ref. 26680] Name only; not available. Genus should have been spelled Anarhichas. •Nomen nudum, in the synonymy of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Mecklenburg 2003:4 [ref. 27300] as eggerti). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Anarrichas Bleeker [P.] 1872:151 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] No types known. Spelled Anarrhichas on pp. 116 & 129. Based on a painting. Popov (1931:380 [ref. 26681]) stated, incorrectly, that A. fasciatus Bleeker 1873 was from China. This nominal species was based on a painting by a Chinese artist and has no known type specimen or locality. From the description of A. fasciatus, reproduced by Gill (1911:170 [ref. 14791]), it is evident that the painting portrayed a juvenile of A. orientalis. •Synonym of Anarhichas orientalis Pallas 1814 -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas orientalis Pallas 1814. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

felis, Anarrhichthys Girard [C. F.] 1858:125 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] San Francisco and Monterey, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (5 + 2) USNM 511 (orig. 3, now 2) San Francisco, 692 (1, bones, lost), 693 (1, bones, lost) Type catalog: Springer & Anderson 1997:3 [ref. 22953]. Appeared first without distinguishing features as Anarrhichas felis in Girard 1854:150 [ref. 5769]. See Springer and Anderson (1997:3 [ref. 22953]) for explanation of complex nomenclatural history of Girard's (1858) A. felis and disposition of types. •Synonym of Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres 1855 -- (Barsukov 1959:107 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres 1855. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

fortidens, Lycichthys Gill [T. N.] 1911:166, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 39 (no. 1782); ref. 14791] North Atlantic near Nova Scotia, Banquereau, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 21845, lost. Paratypes: USNM 21873, lost; others unknown. Type catalog: Springer & Anderson 1997:4 [ref. 22953]. •Synonym of Anarhichas latifrons Steendstrup 1876 -- (Barsukov 1959:115 [ref. 23136]). •Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845 -- (Barsukov 1973:529 [ref. 7213], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

karrak, Anarhicas Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Fabricius) 1788:38 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Greenland. No types known. Based on Anarhichas minor of Fabricius 1780:139 [ref. 17464]. Original genus should have been Anarhichas. •Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Barsukov 1959:128 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Anarrhichas Steenstrup [J. J.] & Hallgrimsson [J.] in Steenstrup 1876:177, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1876; ref. 19478] Iceland. Holotype: ZMUC 31 (cranium). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:74 [ref. 9588]. Appeared as name only in Steenstrup 1842:647 [ref. 26680]. Original genus should have been spelled Anarhichas. •Valid as Anarhichas latifrons Steenstrup & Hallgrimsson 1876 -- (Barsukov 1959:115 [ref. 23136]). •Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845 -- (Barsukov 1973:529 [ref. 7213], Scott & Scott 1988:431 [ref. 25518], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:784 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300], Parin et al. 2014:458 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

leopardus, Anarrhichas Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:92, Pl. 51 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Atlantic. No types known. Also seen as leopardinus. Originus genus should have been Anarhichas. •Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Barsukov 1959:128 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

lepturus, Anarrhichas Bean [T. H.] 1879:212 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 2 (no. 80); ref. 16038] Saint Michaels, Norton Sound, Alaska, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 21509. Paralectotype: USNM 21510 (1). Type catalog: Springer & Anderson 1997:4 [ref. 22953]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 347, p. 3304 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. Lectotype also designated by Springer & Anderson 1997:4 [ref. 22953] who comment on types. •Synonym of Anarhichas orientalis Pallas 1814 -- (Barsukov 1959:111 [ref. 23136], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:39 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:783 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300], Parin et al. 2014:460 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas orientalis Pallas 1814. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

lupus, Anarhichas Linnaeus [C.] 1758:247 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Northern English Ocean, etc. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.27 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), others not found. •See Wheeler 1958:233 [ref. 13434]. •Valid as Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Barsukov 1959:140 [ref. 23136], Barsukov 1973:528 [ref. 7213], Barsukov in Whitehead et al. 1986:1115 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:235 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:432 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:166 [ref. 14674], Miki in Okamura et al. 1995:214 [ref. 22531], Rountree in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:485 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300], Nelson et al. 2004:160 [ref. 27807], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:67 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:129 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:165 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:458 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:71, 86 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:215 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:400 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758. Anarhichadidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic. Habitat: marine.

lupusmarinus, Anarhichas Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xix [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Originally as lupus marinus. Name only, not available (from Malta). •Nomen nudum in Anarhichadidae -- (Mecklenburg 2003:4 [ref. 27300]). Anarhichadidae.

maculatus, Anarhichas Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:496 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Iceland. No types known. •Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Barsukov 1959:128 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

marisalbi, Anarhichas lupus Barsukov [V. V.] 1956:129, Fig. 1, bottom [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 6; ref. 19948] Karelskiy coast near Letnyaya Rechka, White Sea. Syntypes: ZIN 39575 (17), 40815 (32), 40816 (25), ?34535 (2). Originally maris-albi, correction mandatory. See Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300] for information on types. •Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Barsukov 1959:144 [ref. 23136], Barsukov 1973:528 [ref. 7213], Barsukov in Whitehead et al. 1986:1115 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300], Parin et al. 2014:459 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

minor, Anarhichas Olafsen [E.] 1772:592, Pl. 42 [Vice-Lavmand Eggert Olafsens og Land-Physici Biarne Povelsens Reise igiennem Island v. 1; ref. 18493] Iceland. No types known. Also appeared in Müller 1776:40 [ref. 17808]. •Valid as Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Barsukov 1959:128 [ref. 23136], Barsukov 1973:529 [ref. 7213], Barsukov in Whitehead et al. 1986:1115 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:235 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:434 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:166 [ref. 14674], Shinohara & Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:218 [ref. 22531], Rountree in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:494 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:228 [ref. 27076], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300], Nelson et al. 2004:160 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:67 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:129 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:165 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:459 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:72, 87 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:215 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:402 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Anarrhichthys Ayres [W. O.] 1855:[2] col. 5 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 4 (nos 7-22); ref. 13428] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) probably lost in 1906 fire. Appeared first as above on 2 Mar.; then in Ayres 1855:31-32 [ref. 159] with additional details. •Valid as Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres 1855 -- (Barsukov 1959:107 [ref. 23136] with genus as Anarhichthys, Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:257 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:526 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:166 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:782 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300], Nelson et al. 2004:160 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:129 [ref. 31212], Pietsch & Orr 2015:64 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:290 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres 1855. Anarhichadidae. Distribution: Arctic (once); eastern North Pacific: southeastern Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to southern California and northern Baja California (ref. 35888). Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Anarhichas Pallas [P. S.] 1814:77 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Eastern Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Anarhichas orientalis Pallas 1814 -- (Barsukov 1959:110 [ref. 23136], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:18 [ref. 7348], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:304 [ref. 6441], Matarese et al. 1989:524 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:166 [ref. 14674], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:1056 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:39 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:783 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1056 [ref. 26193], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300], Fedorov et al. 2003:127 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:160 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:129 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:165 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:460 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:165 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:72, 88 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:290 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:216 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:404 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Anarhichas orientalis Pallas 1814. Anarhichadidae. Distribution: North Pacific and Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

pantherinus, Anarrichas Zuiew [B.] 1784:271, Pl. 6 [Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae (for 1781) (pt. 1); ref. 17710] North Ocean and White Sea. No types known. Original using Latin letters was pantherinvs; original genus should have been Anarhichas. •Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Barsukov 1959:128 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300], Parin et al. 2014:459 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

parvodens, Lycichthys Lühmann [M.] 1954:470 [Zeitschrift für Zellforschung v. 40; ref. 12655] Off Iceland. No types known. See Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300] for information on original description and status. •Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845 -- (Barsukov 1959:182 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

paucidens, Lycichthys Gill [T. N.] 1905:251 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 18; ref. 17663] Banquereau, near Nova Scotia, Canada, depth 200 or 250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 23915 (skeletonized). Type catalog: Springer & Anderson 1997:4-5 [ref. 22953]. •Synonym of Anarhichas latifrons Steendstrup 1876 -- (Barsukov 1959:116 [ref. 23136]). •Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845 -- (Barsukov 1973:529 [ref. 7213], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer 1845. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

scansor, Anarhichas Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:no page number, Pl. 92 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No types known. Available as above as an unexplained new name on plate; corresponds to account of Anarhichas pantherinus in text on p. 495. •Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

steenstrupii, Anarrhicas Gill [T. N.] 1861:46 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13 (Suppl.); ref. 1766] Based on Anarrhicas minor of Fabricius in Fauna Groenlandica, no. 97. Appeared as a nomen nudum in Gill 1873:798 [20] [ref. 17631]. •In the synonymy of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 as nomen nudum -- (Barsukov 1959:128 [ref. 23136]). •Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772 -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas minor Olafsen 1772. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

strigosus, Anarhichas Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1144 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] British Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Barsukov 1959:144 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.

vomerinus, Anarrhicas Agassiz [L.] in Storer 1855:265, Pl. 18 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 5 (pt 2, art. 12); ref. 4279] Cusk Rocks, between Boston and Cape Ann, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype: MCZ 12483. Author is L. Agassiz. •Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Barsukov 1959:144 [ref. 23136], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27300]). Current status: Synonym of Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus 1758. Anarhichadidae. Habitat: marine.