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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Bramidae: [ 56 ] records


aesticola, Bentenia Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:306, Pl. 16 (fig. 6) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 2506] Off Kashima coast near Mito, Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT (lost). •Valid as Pteraclis aesticola (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Mead 1972:118 [ref. 6976], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:213 [ref. 9277], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:160 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Nakabo 2000:813 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2834 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:813 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:335, 610 [ref. 26218], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:376 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1185 [ref. 29088], De la Cruz-Agüero & Goméz 2008:161 [ref. 36317], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:24 [ref. 30553], Motomura et al. 2010:117 [ref. 31256], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Kells et al. 2016:240 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Pteraclis aesticola (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Bramidae. Distribution: Pacific: southern Japan and Mariana Islands, Hawaiian Islands, east to Easter Island, Sala-y-Gomez Ridge (southeastern Pacific), California (U.S.A.) and Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

agassizi, Brama Poey [F.] 1860:204, Pl. 13 (figs. 15-16) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Possible synonym of Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:62 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:759 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Uncertain as Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

asper, Taractes Lowe [R. T.] 1843:83 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Taractes asper Lowe 1843 -- (Mead 1972:21 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:851 [ref. 13676], Smith 1986:635 [ref. 5712], Peden & Jamieson 1988:492 [ref. 12864], Paulin et al. 1989:186 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:762 [ref. 18692], Thompson & Russell 1996:192 [ref. 23156], Santos et al. 1997:88 [ref. 23531], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Arruda 1997:87 [ref. 24952], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Moteki & Nagasawa 1998:419 [ref. 23629], Parin & Shcherbachev 1998:420 [ref. 24907], Nakabo 2000:816 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2835 [ref. 26096], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:653 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:816 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:335, 610 [ref. 26218], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:377 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1186 [ref. 29088], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:24 [ref. 30553], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:298 [ref. 33191], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:366 [ref. 33547], Stewart et al. 2015:1269 [ref. 34201], Bañón et al. 2016:323 [ref. 34397], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Kells et al. 2016:240 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Taractes asper Lowe 1843. Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in temperate and marginally tropical seas (antiequatorial). Habitat: marine.

australiae, Pteraclis velifer Whitley [G. P.] 1935:238 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 4683] Washed ashore at Balmoral, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6447. •Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770) -- (Mead 1972:118 [ref. 6976], Bray et al. 2006:1186 [ref. 29088]). Current status: Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Brama Valenciennes [A.] 1838:no page number, Pl. 44 (fig. 1) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 17868] No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976]). •Valid as Lepidotus australis (Valenciennes 1838) -- (Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Brama australis Valenciennes 1838 -- (Moteki et al. 1995:425 [ref. 21594], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Cancino et al. 1999:181 [ref. 24264], Last & Moteki 2001:2833 [ref. 26096], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:297 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Gomon & Last 2008:583 [ref. 30651], Stewart et al. 2015:1265 [ref. 34201]). Current status: Valid as Brama australis Valenciennes 1838. Bramidae. Distribution: Southern Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

barretoi, Trachyberyx Roule [L.] 1929:2, Fig. [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 546; ref. 3822] Madeira. Holotype: MON 91 1731 [ex 3476-2]. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:38 [ref. 20740]. •Synonym of Taractes asper Lowe 1843 -- (Mead 1972:25 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:762 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Taractes asper Lowe 1843. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

brama, Pterycombus Fries [B. F.] 1837:15, Pl. 2 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm Series 3, v. 25; ref. 1501] Ishafvet, off Norway. No types known. •Valid as Pterycombus brama Fries 1837 -- (Mead 1972:93 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:388 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:850 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:385 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:761 [ref. 18692], Thompson & Russell 1996:196 [ref. 23156], Santos et al. 1997:88 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:87 [ref. 24952], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:308 [ref. 28815], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:20 [ref. 30553], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:297 [ref. 33191], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547], Bañón et al. 2016:323 [ref. 34397], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34630]). Current status: Valid as Pterycombus brama Fries 1837. Bramidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brama, Sparus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:104, Pl. 50 (fig. 192) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Near mouth of the River Tees, between Hartlepool and redcar, Northeast coast of England. No types known. Based on 'The lesser sea-bream' of Pennant 1769:200 [ref. 18527]. •Valid as Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:29 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:848 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100], Smith 1986:634 [ref. 5712], Scott & Scott 1988:384 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:187 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Yatsu in Amaoka et al. 1990:270 [ref. 16024], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:159 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:592 [ref. 22532], Santos et al. 1997:88 [ref. 23531], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:385 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:86 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:42 [ref. 24203], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25013], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Last & Moteki 2001:2833 [ref. 26096], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:88 [ref. 26753], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S9 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:141 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:297 [ref. 28072], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:85 [ref. 29533], Gomon & Last 2008:583 [ref. 30651], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30553], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:46 [ref. 36649], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:297 [ref. 33191], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1266 [ref. 34201], Bañón et al. 2016:322 [ref. 34397], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565] with author as Bonaterre and dated 1758, Martins & Carneiro 2018:134 [ref. 36550], Akyol & Ulaş 2019:33 [ref. 36719]). Current status: Valid as Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in temperate seas (including western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

brevorti, Brama Poey [F.] 1860:206, Pl. 13 (fig. 17) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. Sketch of holotype appeared in Mead 1972:9 [ref. 6976]. •Valid as Eumegistus brevorti (Poey 1860) -- (Mead 1972:9 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:760 [ref. 18692], Thompson & Russell 1996:195 [ref. 23156], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:160 [ref. 27754], Alvarez-León 2002:229 [ref. 26373] as Eumegistius, Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:111 [ref. 27795], Moteki 2005:202 [ref. 28308], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:5 [ref. 30553], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Eumegistus brevorti (Poey 1860). Bramidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida and Caribbean Sea to Brazil; also apparently West Africa (juveniles). Habitat: marine.

caribbea, Brama Mead [G. W.] 1972:63, Figs. 28-30 [Dana Report No. 81; ref. 6976] Off Suriname, 7°46'N, 54°36'W, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 44950. Paratypes: (21) MCZ 47335-36 (3, 1), 47338 (1); USNM 254385 (2). •Valid as Brama caribbea Mead 1972 -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:340 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100] as caribbaea, Gomes 1990:759 [ref. 18692], Cervigón 1993:116 [ref. 24474], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Thompson & Russell 1996:195 [ref. 23156], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25013], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:306 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155] as caribea, Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30553], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Brama caribbea Mead 1972. Bramidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

carolinus, Pteraclis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:368 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Off coast of South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5385 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:32 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Pteraclis carolinus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Mead 1972:107 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:388 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:849 [ref. 13676], Gomes 1990:761 [ref. 18692], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:24 [ref. 30553], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:173 [ref. 32953], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:297 [ref. 33191], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Pteraclis carolinus Valenciennes 1833. Bramidae. Distribution: Tropical Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

castaneola, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:33, 111 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Atlantic. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:87 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788), but with castaneola dated to Shaw -- (Mead 1972:47 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

catalonicus, Lepidotus Asso y del Rio [I. J. de] 1801:38, Pl. 35 (fig. 2) [Anales de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 6523] Mar de Cataluna, Zaragoza, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:47 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Brama Guichenot [A.] 1848:218 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Valparaíso, Chile. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Sparus Berkenhout [J.] 1789:74 [Synopsis of the natural history of Great-Britain and Ireland v. 1; ref. 12437] United Kingdom. No types known. •Possible a synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:44 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

drachme, Collybus Snyder [J. O.] 1904:525, Pl. 9 (fig. 16) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Off Niihau Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50875. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7737 (4), USNM 126085 [ex USFC 1420] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Collybus drachme Snyder 1904 -- (Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Brama orcini Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Last & Moteki 2001:2832 [ref. 26096], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:333 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Brama orcini Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

dussumieri, Brama Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:294 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Pris sous l'équateur, par 85° de longitude à l'orient de Paris [eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 0°N, 87°20'E]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0703. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:31-32 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:55 [ref. 6976], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:214 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:35 [ref. 13251], Gomes 1990:759 [ref. 18692], Cervigón 1993:117 [ref. 24474], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:4 [ref. 24339], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Sommer in Fischer et al. 1995:939 [ref. 22829], Thompson & Russell 1996:194 [ref. 23156], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:384 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:293 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:262 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2831 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:307 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30553], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Psomadakis et al. 2015:238 [ref. 34104], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Motomura et al. 2017:125 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

falcatus, Pterycombus Barnard [K. H.] 1927:599, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Annals of the South African Museum v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 194] Cape Seas, South Africa, no exact locality, very probably Table Bay. Holotype (unique): SAM 11956. •Synonym of Pterycombus petersii (Hilgendorf 1878) -- (Mead 1972:104 [ref. 6976], Smith 1986:635 [ref. 5712], Gomes 1990:762 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Pterycombus petersii (Hilgendorf 1878). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

goodei, Centropholis Jordan [D. S.] 1919:333, Pl. 58 (lower fig.) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 12 (nos 3-4) (art. 4); ref. 2411] Northwestern Atlantic, 28°40'00"N, 78°46'00"W, Albatross station 2660, depth 504 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 37861. •Synonym of Pterycombus brama Fries 1837 -- (Mead 1972:100 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:388 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:761 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Pterycombus brama Fries 1837. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Pteraclis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:370 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:45 [ref. 20740]. Based on Coryphaena velifer Pallas 1779. •Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Current status: Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

illustris, Eumegistus Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:36, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): FMNH 59325 [ex CM 3899]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:89 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:35 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Eumegistus illustris Jordan & Jordan 1922 -- (Mead 1972:13 [ref. 6976], Akazaki in Okamura et al. 1982:233, 380 [ref. 8256], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:160 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:814 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:492 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2834 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:814 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] with wrong authorship, Moteki 2005:202 [ref. 28308], Shinohara et al. 2005:433 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:376 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1185 [ref. 29088], Randall 2007:242 [ref. 30952], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:5 [ref. 30553], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Koeda et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Eumegistus illustris Jordan & Jordan 1922. Bramidae. Distribution: Central Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific: East Africa and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands, Society Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Brama Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1878:1 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1878 (for 15 Jan.); ref. 2171] Japan Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9905. •Valid as Brama japonica Hilgendorf 1878 -- (Mead 1972:49 [ref. 6976], Akazaki in Okamura et al. 1982:233, 379 [ref. 8256], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:213 [ref. 9277], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:499, 683 [ref. 8056], Matarese et al. 1989:488 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Seki & Mundy 1991:63 [ref. 20441], Shinohara et al. 1996:179 [ref. 26605], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:385 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:293 [ref. 24555], Izmyatinskii et al. 1999:557 [ref. 24914], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:34 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:652 [ref. 25968], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:335, 609 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S9 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2005:433 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:55 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:240 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Brama japonica Hilgendorf 1878. Bramidae. Distribution: North Pacific: Kuril Islands, Japan and Aleutian Islands, California (U.S.A.) to Chile on ref. 35888, south to Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

johnsoni, Sparus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:302 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] English seas. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

ledanoisi, Centropholis Belloc [G.] 1926:271, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 32 (no. 5); ref. 19950] North of Grand Sole bank, 49°53'N, depth 360 meters; Cape of Bojador, northwestern Africa. Syntypes: MHNLR P.252 (1), MNHN 1926-0302 (1) Bojador. Type catalog: Aloncle 1968:686 [ref. 20713], Bauchot 1970:33 [ref. 20740]. Also appeared in Belloc 1972:239 [ref. 20714]. •Synonym of Pterycombus brama Fries 1837 -- (Mead 1972:100 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:388 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:850 [ref. 13676], Gomes 1990:761 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Pterycombus brama Fries 1837. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

leucotaenia, Brama Fowler [H. W.] 1938:44, Fig. 15 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Balukbaluk Island, near Basilan Island, Sulu Archipelago, 6°44'45"N, 121°48'00"E, Albatross station 5134, depth 25 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98817. •Synonym of Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:63 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:760 [ref. 18692], Last & Moteki 2001:2831 [ref. 26096]). Current status: Synonym of Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Brama Lowe [R. T.] 1843:82 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): lost. •Valid as Taratichthys [sic] longipinnis (Lowe 1843) -- (Boschung 1992:135 [ref. 23239]). •Valid as Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe 1843) -- (Mead 1972:85 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:853 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100], Smith 1986:636 [ref. 5712], Scott & Scott 1988:385 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:187 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:763 [ref. 18692], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:160 [ref. 25472], Thompson & Russell 1996:193 [ref. 23156], Santos et al. 1997:89 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:87 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:49, 55 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:249 [ref. 25013], Last & Moteki 2001:2836 [ref. 26096], Thompson & Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:428 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192] dated 1842, Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:310 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1187 [ref. 29088], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:18 [ref. 30553], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:299 [ref. 33191], Stewart et al. 2015:1270 [ref. 34201], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe 1843). Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including western Baltic Sea, North Sea). Habitat: marine.

marina, Brama Fleming [J.] 1828:210 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] England. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

melampus, Brama Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:123 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Not available, name mentioned text in passing. Bramidae.

microlepis, Xenobrama Yatsu [A.] & Nakamura [I.] 1989:192, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 36 (no. 2); ref. 13449] Subantarctic South Pacific, 44°56'S, 148°17'W, surface. Holotype: NSMT-P 44298. Paratypes: AMS I.27500-001 (1); FAKU 111771-73 (3); HUMZ 104866 (1); NMNZ P.24136-37 (1, 1); NSMT-P 41848 (1), 41927 (1), 41947 (1), 44284 (1), 44296-97 (1, 1), 44299 (1), 43079-80 (1, 1). •Valid as Xenobrama microlepis Yatsu & Nakamura 1989 -- (Yatsu in Amaoka et al. 1990:271 [ref. 16024], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Bray et al. 2006:1187 [ref. 29088], Stewart et al. 2015:1271 [ref. 34201]). Current status: Valid as Xenobrama microlepis Yatsu & Nakamura 1989. Bramidae. Distribution: Subantarctic South Pacific south of Australia. Habitat: marine.

miltonis, Taractes Whitley [G. P.] 1938:193, Pl. 19 [Australian Zoologist v. 9; ref. 17178] Milton, southern New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.7695. •Synonym of Taractichthys steindachneri (Döderlein 1883) -- (Mead 1972:92 [ref. 6976], Bray et al. 2006:1187 [ref. 29088]). Current status: Synonym of Taractichthys steindachneri (Döderlein 1883). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Brama Mead [G. W.] 1972:76, Figs. 35-36 [Dana Report No. 81; ref. 6976] Eastern Pacific, 15°14'N, 159°55'E. Holotype: USNM 254386. Paratypes: BPBM 26361 (1), MCZ 47337 (2), USNM 254397 (1). •Valid as Brama myersi Mead 1972 -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Last & Moteki 2001:2833 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] with genus as Bramma, Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Shao et al. 2008:251 [ref. 29952]). Current status: Valid as Brama myersi Mead 1972. Bramidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

niger, Sparus Turton [W.] 1800:789 [A general system of nature v. 1; ref. 17934] Yorkshire, U.K. No types known. See Sparus niger Lacepède 1802; earliest not researched. Usually dated to Montagu 1804:292 [ref. 17786] (who refers to Turton), but apparently appeared first in Turton 1800. Based on, at least in part, Pennant's Brit. Zool. 3. 243. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Pteraclis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:363, Pl. 271 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Mozambique Channel, 30°S. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0590. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:32-33 [ref. 20740]. Name was spelled ocellutus on Pl. 271. •Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770) -- (Mead 1972:118 [ref. 6976], Smith 1986:634 [ref. 5712]). Current status: Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

orcini, Brama Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:295 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Pris sous l'équateur, par 85° de longitude à l'orient de Paris [eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 0°N, 87°20'E]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0415. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:32 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Brama orcini Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:72 [ref. 6976], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:634 [ref. 5712], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Last & Moteki 2001:2832 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:297 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1185 [ref. 29088], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Motomura et al. 2017:126 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Brama orcini Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Distribution: South Africa, Madagascar, Réunion (Mascarenes) and Chagos Archipelago east to Hawaiian Islands, and southern California (U.S.A.) to Mexico. Habitat: marine.

papilio, Pteraclis Lowe [R. T.] 1843:83 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. •Synonym of Pteraclis carolinus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Mead 1972:115 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:388 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:849 [ref. 13676], Gomes 1990:761 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Pteraclis carolinus Valenciennes 1833. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

pauciradiata, Brama Moteki [M.], Fujita [K.] & Last [P. R.] 1995:421, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 21594] Southwest of Imperieuse Reef, Rowley Shoals, Australia, 17°52'S, 118°16'E, depth 550 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3145-43. Paratypes: AMS-I 22822-011 (1); CSIRO H 3145-27 (5); NSMT-P 45796-99 (1, 1, 1, 1), 45800-11 (12, 1 ea.). •Valid as Brama pauciradiata Moteki, Fujita & Last 1995 -- (Last & Moteki 2001:2834 [ref. 26096], Mundy 2005:376 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1185 [ref. 29088], Hibino et al. 2014:111 [ref. 35450], Motomura et al. 2017:126 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Brama pauciradiata Moteki, Fujita & Last 1995. Bramidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

petersii, Centropholis Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1878:2 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1878 (for 15 Jan.); ref. 2171] Enosima, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 10634 (dry). •Valid as Centrolophus petersii Hilgendorf 1878 -- (Akazaki in Okamura et al. 1982:235, 380 [ref. 8256] as petersi). •Valid as Pterycombus petersii (Hilgendorf 1878) -- (Mead 1972:101 [ref. 6976], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:160 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:635 [ref. 5712], Paulin et al. 1989:186 [ref. 24556], Gomes 1990:762 [ref. 18692], Nakabo 2000:813 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2835 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:813 [ref. 26001], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Mundy 2005:376 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1186 [ref. 29088], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:20 [ref. 30553], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Stewart et al. 2015:1268 [ref. 34201], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805], Orr et al. 2018:236 [ref. 36660]). Current status: Valid as Pterycombus petersii (Hilgendorf 1878). Bramidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: South Africa and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Ridge and Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern New Zealand; one record from Oregon (U.S.A., eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

pinnasquamata, Brama Couch [J.] 1849:xxvi, Fig. [The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History v. 7 (Appendix, art. 3); ref. 18052] England. No types known. Originally as pinna-squamata. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

pinnata, Pteraclis Gronow [L. T.] 1772:44, Pl. 2 [Acta Helvetica, Physico-Mathematico-Anatomico-Botanico-Medica (Basile) v. 7; ref. 12602] Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770) -- (Mead 1972:118 [ref. 6976], Bray et al. 2006:1186 [ref. 29088]). Current status: Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

platycephalus, Taractes Matsubara [K.] 1936:297, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries v. 4 (no. 5); ref. 17609] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: not at FAKU. •Synonym of Taractes asper Lowe 1843 -- (Mead 1972:25 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:762 [ref. 18692], Mundy 2005:377 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Taractes asper Lowe 1843. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

princeps, Brama Johnson [J. Y.] 1863:36 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1863 (pt 1) (art. 5) (for 13 Jan. 1863); ref. 5021] Madeira. Syntypes: BMNH 2012.10.25.6 (1), 2012.10.25.7 (1, skeleton). •Synonym of Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe 1843) -- (Mead 1972:91 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:853 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:386 [ref. 25518], Gomes 1990:764 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe 1843). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

raii, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:95, Pl. 273 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] North Atlantic or European seas. Lectotype: ZMB 8575 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: lost. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. On p. 75 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) [usually misspelled raji or rayi] -- (Mead 1972:45 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:848 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:384 [ref. 25518] as rayi, McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Gomon et al. 1994:592 [ref. 22532], Parin 2003:S9 [ref. 28536], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

raji, Brama Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:99 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Northern seas. No types known. Perhaps should not be considered an original description; apparently same as Sparus raii Bloch 1791. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:45 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25013] as rayi, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:88 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:46 [ref. 36649] as rayi). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

raschii, Brama Esmark [L.] 1862:239, Pl. [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1861); ref. 17458] Altafjord, northern Norway. Holotype (unique) (?): ZMUO J4612. Type catalog: Pethon 1969:6 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Taractes asper Lowe 1843 -- (Mead 1972:24 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:851 [ref. 13676], Gomes 1990:762 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Taractes asper Lowe 1843. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Steinegeria Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1887:467 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 9 (no. 586); ref. 2441] Off Pensacola, Florida, Gulf of Mexico, U.S. A.(stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 37991. •Valid as Taractes rubescens (Jordan & Evermann 1887) -- (Mead 1972:16 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:852 [ref. 13676], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Gomes 1990:763 [ref. 18692], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:160 [ref. 25472], Sommer in Fischer et al. 1995:939 [ref. 22829], Thompson & Russell 1996:186 [ref. 23156], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:385 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:87 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:293 [ref. 24555], Nakabo 2000:816 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Last & Moteki 2001:2836 [ref. 26096] with authors as Jordan & Jordan, Puentes et al. 2001:208 [ref. 26147], Nakabo 2002:816 [ref. 26001], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2005:433 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:377 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:309 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1186 [ref. 29088], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30553], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:299 [ref. 33191], Shinohara et al. 2014:262 [ref. 33330], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Motomura et al. 2017:127 [ref. 35490], Ray et al. 2018:194 [ref. 36126]). Current status: Valid as Taractes rubescens (Jordan & Evermann 1887). Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas. Habitat: marine.

saragus, Lepodus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:54 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:21 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

saussurii, Brama Lunel [G.] 1866:185, Pl. 2 [Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 14183] Cuba. Lectotype: MHNG 940.85. Paralectotypes: MHNG (1, dry). Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:473 [ref. 21535] with emendation to saussurei, Weber 1998:6 [ref. 23532] as holotype. Lectotype selected by Mead 1972:9 [ref. 6976]. •Synonym of Eumegistus brevorti (Poey 1860) -- (Mead 1972:15 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:760 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Eumegistus brevorti (Poey 1860). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

squamosus, Toxotes Hutton [F. W.] 1875:313 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 95) (art. 41); ref. 18317] Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown (stuffed). Type catalog: Russell 1996:226 [ref. 22562]. Also in Hutton 1876:210 [ref. 14210]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Gomon et al. 1994:592 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Argo Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:242 [34], Pl. 7 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 47 (pt 1); ref. 4246] Tokyo, Japan. No types known. Species not described or discussed in text, but name listed on the figure caption page (p. 242, p. 34 of separate) as "Argo Steindachneri n. sp., n. gen. Döderl.", and illustrated on Pl. 7. •Valid as Taractichthys steindachneri (Döderlein 1883) -- (Mead 1972:91 [ref. 6976], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:214 [ref. 9277], Dor 1984:136 [ref. 29757], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:160 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:497, 682 [ref. 8056], Villavicencio-Garayzar and Chávez 1986:127 [ref. 11865], Smith 1986:636 [ref. 5712], Goren & Dor 1994:36 [ref. 25356], Sommer in Fischer et al. 1995:938 [ref. 22829], Chen et al. 1997:157 [ref. 26476], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:293 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:263 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:814 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:483 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2836 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:814 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] as Taratichthys, Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807] dating to 1884, Shinohara et al. 2005:433 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:377 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1187 [ref. 29088], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:428 [ref. 31739], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:17 [ref. 30553], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:262 [ref. 33330], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Psomadakis et al. 2015:238 [ref. 34104], Kells et al. 2016:240 [ref. 35888], Motomura et al. 2017:127 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:89 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Taractichthys steindachneri (Döderlein 1883). Bramidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: South Africa and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and southern California (U.S.A.), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

thynniculina, Pterycombus brama Maksimov [V. P.] & Hognestad [P. T.] 1969:860, Fig. [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 48 (no. 6); ref. 7828] Gulf of Guinea (stomach contents). Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pterycombus brama Fries 1837, and presumed valid as a subspecies as described. Current status: Synonym of Pterycombus brama Fries 1837. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

trichipterus, Pteraclis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:367 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Indian seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0591 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:33 [ref. 20740]. Also in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 32 (fig. 2) (opp. p. 204) [ref. 1908]. •Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770) -- (Mead 1972:118 [ref. 6976]). Current status: Synonym of Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

umbratus, Chaetodon Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:23 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Based on Choetodon umbratus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817 [ref. 17319]. Also appeared as name only, as Choetodon umbratus in Graells 1887:178 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae.

umbratus, Chaetodon Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:4 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possiby unpublished. Originally appeared as Choetodon. See also Chaetodon umbratus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857. Also appeared as name only, as Choetodon umbratus in Graells 1887:178 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae.

variegata, Coryphaena Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:3 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Probably an unpublished work. Genus originally as Coriphena. See also Coryphaena variegata Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:177 [ref. 30438]. •In family Bramidae. Bramidae.

variegata, Coryphaena Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Genus spelled Coriphaena in original. Based on Coriphena variegata of Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817 [ref. 17319]. See also Graells 1887:177 [ref. 30438]. •In family Bramidae. Bramidae.

velifera, Coryphaena Pallas [P. S.] 1770:19, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 8); ref. 12293] In Oceano utriusque Indiae, praesertim Orientalis [Indian Ocean]. Lectotype: RMNH (whereabouts unknown). Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:263 [ref. 24106] as the specimen shown in the original figure (Pl. 3, fig. 1) in Pallas. Based on a specimen in RMNH, and on illustrations by Ruysch, Valentyn and Renard. •Valid as Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770) -- (Mead 1972:115 [ref. 6976], Smith 1986:634 [ref. 5712], Paulin et al. 1989:186 [ref. 24556], Fricke 1999:262 [ref. 24106], Béarez et al. 2001:183 [ref. 25568], Last & Moteki 2001:2835 [ref. 26096], Bray et al. 2006:1186 [ref. 29088], Gomon & Last 2008:584 [ref. 30651], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Stewart et al. 2015:1267 [ref. 34201], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pteraclis velifera (Pallas 1770). Bramidae. Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar and western Mascarenes; Indonesia; Australia and New Zealand to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.