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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Caesionidae: [ 42 ] records


argenteus, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:57, Pl. 231 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] "Mittelandische Meer" [=doubtless Indo-Pacific]. No types known. On p. 43 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Type lost, unidentifiable caesionid -- (see Carpenter 1987:51 [ref. 6430]). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

aurolineatus, Pristipomoides Day [F.] 1868:937 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 3) (art. 7); ref. 21114] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F2927 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Pterocaesio chrysozona (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:32 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:52 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocaesio chrysozona (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

azuraureus, Caesio Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:130 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1707 or 1767. Paralectotypes: SMF 8614 (1) Jiddah. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Caesio azuraureus Rüppell 1830 -- (Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801 -- (Carpenter 1987:22 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:35 [ref. 9296], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

balteatus, Smaris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:424 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9312 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot 1973:985, 988 [ref. 21548]. •Valid as Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valciennes 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:52 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:47 [ref. 9296], Randall 1995:206 [ref. 22896], Reader & Leis 1996:339 [ref. 21284], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:297 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Yoshino et al. 1999:57 [ref. 24157], Nakabo 2000:834 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:257 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2931 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:834 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] in Dipterygonatus, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:86 [ref. 27510], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:35 [ref. 27712], Randall 2005:259 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1195 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:146 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:463 [ref. 31980], Holleman et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32876], Larson et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:136 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35490], Bariche & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 35828], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes 1830). Caesionidae. Distribution: [Red Sea], Indo-West Pacific: South and East Africa and Gulf of Aden east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

caerulaureus, Caesio Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:85, 86 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN (whereabouts unknown). Based on Commerson manuscript. Original spelling 'cærulaureus'. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:281 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:31, 32 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Caesio caerulaureus Lacepède 1801 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:579 [ref. 5712]). •Valid as Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801 -- (Carpenter 1987:22 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:35 [ref. 9296], Winterbottom et al. 1989:35 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:186 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:187 [ref. 23929], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:285 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Reader & Leis 1996:321 [ref. 21284], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:295 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:88 [ref. 26476] as coerulaura dated 1802, Kuiter 1997:188 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:280 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:833 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:256 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2926 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:833 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] as carulaurea, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:86 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:207 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:258 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1194 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:144 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:460 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Holleman et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32876], Yoshida et al. 2013:135 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:137 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:201 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:156 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801. Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Mascarenes east to Marshall, Tuamotu and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

caeruleotaeniatus, Caesio Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:437 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Red Sea and Puducherry, India. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

capricornis, Pterocaesio Smith [J. L. B.] & Smith [M. M.] 1963:29, Pl. 94 (fig. E) [The fishes of Seychelles; ref. 5319] Pinda, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13. Paratypes: not researched. Described in more detail by Smith 1963:37 [ref. 32120]. •Valid as Pterocaesio capricornis Smith & Smith 1963 -- (Smith 1986:579 [ref. 5712], Carpenter 1987:43 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:51 [ref. 9296], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio capricornis Smith & Smith 1963. Caesionidae. Distribution: East Africa to Seychelles and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

chrysozona, Caesio Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:440 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Archipel des Indes [Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1052 or D291. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:22 [ref. 21549]. Based on a drawing, underlying specimen possibly RMNH 1052 or D291. •Valid as Caesio chrysozona Cuvier 1830 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:79 [ref. 19754]). •Mention -- (Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Pterocaesio chrysozona (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:32 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:52 [ref. 9296], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251] as chrysozonus, Kuiter 1993:188 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:207 [ref. 22896], Reader & Leis 1996:351 [ref. 21284], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:297 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:516 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2933 [ref. 26100], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:35 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:261 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1207 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:146 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:464 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Holleman et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32876], Larson et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:136 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:203 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:157 [ref. 36460], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio chrysozona (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra and Madagascar east to Samoa, north to northern Vietnam and Philippines, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

cuning, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:31, Pl. 263 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] East Indies. Syntypes: ZMB 8594 (1, dry, missing), 8742 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. On p. 27 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. Species name spelled kuning by Maxwell 1921:94, Pl. 36 [ref. 30344]. •Valid as Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791) -- (Carpenter 1987:16 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:37 [ref. 9296], Allen & Swainston 1988:82 [ref. 25477] with Cuvier as author, Randall et al. 1990:186 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:187 [ref. 23929], Reader & Leis 1996:329 [ref. 21284], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:296 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:128 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:186 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:186 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:833 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:256 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:125 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2927 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:833 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:258 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1195 [ref. 29090], Satapoomin in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:145 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:461 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:136 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35490], Naranji et al. 2018:12844 [ref. 36352], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:156 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791). Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka and eastern India east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cylindricus, Caesio Günther [A.] 1859:393 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Madagascar. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2012.11.1.3. Also listed was Plate XXIV. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:30 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:61 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

digramma, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1864:180 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 13924] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5715. Later spelled diagramma by Bleeker. •Valid as Caesio digramma Bleeker 1864 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:130 [ref. 19756] as diagramma, Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441] as diagramma, Chen et al. 1997:88 [ref. 26476] as diagramma). •Valid as Pterocaesio digramma (Bleeker 1864) -- (Carpenter 1987:32 [ref. 6430], Allen & Swainston 1988:82 [ref. 25477] as diagramma, Kuiter 1993:188 [ref. 23929], Carpenter 1988:53 [ref. 9296], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:128 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:188 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:517 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:835 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:257 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:126 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2934 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:835 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:91 [ref. 27510] as diagramma, Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:260 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1207 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Motomura et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:464 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:157 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio digramma (Bleeker 1864). Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Malaysia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Clupeolabrus Nichols [J. T.] 1923:2, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 94; ref. 3176] Kamako, Mangareva Island, Gambier Group, French Polynesia. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8258. •Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:30 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:61 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

erythrochilurus, Caesio Fowler [H. W.] 1904:528, Pl. 19 (upper fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 27621. Paratypes: (18) ANSP 27622-29 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:147 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791) -- (Carpenter 1987:16 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:37 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

erythrogaster, Caesio Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:442, Pl. 166 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9376. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5506 (2, dry) Indian seas; RMNH D292 (1) Java, D294 (1) Java; SMF 10711 [ex RMNH in 1829] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:6 [ref. 21549] with MNHN 9376 as holotype. Type information: Bauchot & Daget 1996:243 [ref. 22899]. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:541 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Caesio erythrogaster Cuvier 1830 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:88 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791) -- (Carpenter 1987:16 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:37 [ref. 9296], Carpenter 2001:2927 [ref. 26100], Randall 2005:258 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:334 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

flavifasciata, Pterocaesio Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2006:28, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 29405] Reef off Teupinpineung Point, about 5°47.674'N, 95°20.803'E, Weh Island, Aceh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: NCIP 6303. Paratypes: AMS I.43800-001 (2), NCIP 6304 (1), USNM 385875 (1), WAM P.32769-001 (1), P.32770-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pterocaesio flavifasciata Allen & Erdmann 2006 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:464 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio flavifasciata Allen & Erdmann 2006. Caesionidae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia; from photographs or sightings at the Maldives and to southern Java and Andaman Sea of western Thailand. Habitat: marine.

gruveli, Dipterygonotus Chabanaud [P.] 1924:57 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 30 (no. 1); ref. 15440] Coast of Vietnam. Syntypes: BMNH 1924.7.28.1-5 (5), 1930.10.7.1-4 (4); MNHN 1923-0086 to 0099 (1 ea. = 14), 1923-0100 (5); USNM 150432 [ex MNHN] (7). Type catalog: Bauchot 1974:988 [ref. 21548] with 1923-86 as holotype. •Synonym of Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:52 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:47 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

gymnopterus, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1856:372 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 10; ref. 16853] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (32) ?BMNH 1880.4.21.51 (1), ?1880.4.21.60 (1); ?NMV 46450-41 (2); RMNH 5714 (some of 24). •Valid as Gymnocaesio gymnoptera (Bleeker 1856) -- (Carpenter 1987:51 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:49 [ref. 9296], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Reader & Leis 1996:347 [ref. 21284], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Yoshino et al. 1999:59 [ref. 24157], Fricke 1999:282 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:834 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Carpenter 2001:2932 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:834 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:260 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:463 [ref. 31980], Holleman et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Gymnocaesio gymnoptera (Bleeker 1856). Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to eastern Indonesia and Fiji, north to Philippines, south to Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

kohleri, Pterocaesio Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:547, Fig. 86 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Coral head in lagoon at Bikini Atoll, 11°33'13"N, 165°28'39"E, western Pacific, depth 30-45 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 140246. •Synonym of Pterocaesio marri Schultz 1953 -- (Carpenter 1987:38 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:56 [ref. 9296], Carpenter 2001:2936 [ref. 26100], Randall 2005:261 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocaesio marri Schultz 1953. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

lativittata, Pterocaesio (Squamosicaesio) Carpenter [K. E.] 1987:40, Pl. 4 (fig. B) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 15; ref. 6430] Turk Reef, Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 156884. Paratypes: ANSP 148227 (21); BPBM 30818 (1); ROM 42420-21 (1, 1); USNM 231427 (3), 231431 (11). •Valid as Pterocaesio lativittata Carpenter 1987 -- (Carpenter 1988:55 [ref. 9296], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Carpenter 2001:2935 [ref. 26100], Randall 2005:260 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Allen & Erdmann 2008:169 [ref. 29483], Allen & Erdmann 2012:465 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio lativittata Carpenter 1987. Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Chagos Archipelago, Maldives, Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands to Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Line Islands. Habitat: marine.

leucogrammicus, Dipterygonotus Bleeker [P.] 1849:71 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 316] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5717 (some of 13). Bleeker specimens: ZMB (1). •Valid as Dipterygonotus leucogrammicus Bleeker 1849 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:99 [ref. 19754]). •Synonym of Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:52 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:47 [ref. 9296], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:297 [ref. 27969], Carpenter 2001:2931 [ref. 26100], Allen et al. 2006:1195 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

lunaris, Caesio Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:441 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Red Sea; New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific; Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9560 (1) New Ireland, ZMB 1186 (1) Red Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:6 [ref. 21549] with MNHN 9560 as holotype. Based on specimens, and on descriptions by Vlaming ('wackum-lauwd', no. 38). and Renard ('wackum lauwd', fig. 174, pl. 32). •Valid as Caesio lunaris Cuvier 1830 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757], Carpenter 1987:18 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:38 [ref. 9296], Allen & Swainston 1988:82 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:35 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:187 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xi [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:206 [ref. 22896], Reader & Leis 1996:333 [ref. 21284], Allen 1997:128 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:174 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:89 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:187 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:281 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:833 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2928 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:833 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:86 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall et al. 2005:124 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1195 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:461 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Holleman et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:250 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:44 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Caesio lunaris Cuvier 1830. Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Caesio Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:439 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9345. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5480 (1) Mauritius. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:6 [ref. 21549] with MNHN 9345 as holotype. MNHN 9345 designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:990 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801 -- (Carpenter 1987:22 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:35 [ref. 9296], Fricke 1999:280 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

marri, Pterocaesio Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:545, Fig. 85 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon 1/4 mile off Amen Island Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140248. Paratypes: USNM 140249 (2), 202544 [ex UW 12340] (1). •Valid as Pterocaesio marri Schultz 1953 -- (Carpenter 1987:38 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:56 [ref. 9296], Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:187 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:187 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:282 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:835 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Carpenter 2001:2936 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:835 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:261 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1207 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Shao et al. 2008:252 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:465 [ref. 31980], Holleman et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio marri Schultz 1953. Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

mauritianus, Smaris Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:290, Pl. 44 (fig. 3) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9315 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1973:993 [ref. 21548], Bauchot et al. 1981:21 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801 -- (Carpenter 1987:22 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:35 [ref. 9296], Fricke 1999:280 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

monikae, Pterocaesio Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2008:165, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (nos 3-4); ref. 29483] Northeast Mamboor, 3°04.249'S, 135°36.160'E, Cenderawasih Bay, Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 10 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6309. Paratypes: AMS I.44180-001 (1); BPBM 40657 (1); NCIP 6310 (1); USNM 390775 (1); WAM P.32892-001 (1), I.32909 (15). •Valid as Pterocaesio monikae Allen & Erdmann 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:465 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio monikae Allen & Erdmann 2008. Caesionidae. Distribution: Cenderawasih Bay, Papua Province, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatus, Caesio Steindachner [F.] 1861:175, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 11; ref. 18748] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:30 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:61 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

nori, Caesio Montrouzier [X.] 1857:440 [162] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 162 of reprint. Name only in synonymy; from Woodlark I., South Pacific. •In the synonymy of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801 -- (Carpenter 1987:22 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:35 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède 1801. Caesionidae.

pisang, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1853:113 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 5710 (1), 29576 (2 out of 30). Bleeker specimens: NMV A957 (4). •Valid as Caesio pisang Bleeker 1853 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Pterocaesio pisang (Bleeker 1853) -- (Carpenter 1987:34 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:58 [ref. 9296], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:258 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Carpenter 2001:2937 [ref. 26100], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:92 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:261 [ref. 28239], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:146 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:466 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Holleman et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:139 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:203 [ref. 35805], Koeda & Ho 2018:38 [ref. 36671], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio pisang (Bleeker 1853). Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Socotra east to Philippines and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

pulcherrimus, Caesio Smith [J. L. B.] & Smith [M. M.] 1963:29, Pl. 95 (fig. E) [The fishes of Seychelles; ref. 5319] Assumption Island, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 11. Described in more detail by Smith 1963:36 [ref. 32120]. •Synonym of Caesio teres Seale 1906 -- (Smith 1986:579 [ref. 5712], Carpenter 1987:21 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:42 [ref. 9296], Randall 2005:259 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:334 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Caesio teres Seale 1906. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Pterocaesio (Squamosicaesio) Carpenter [K. E.] 1987:35, Pls. 3D, 7F [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 15; ref. 6430] Moalboal beach, southwestern Cebu Island, Philippines (purchased, reported to be caught at Pescador Island, Tañon Strait). Holotype: BPBM 30819. Paratypes: AMS I.25456-001 (1); BMNH 1985.9.17.2 (1); BPBM 22110 (1), 28496 (4), 30820 (1); CAS 57407 (1); MNHN 1985-0878 (1); USNM 145029 (6), 145034 (2), 274001 (1); ZUMT uncat. [ex BPBM 28496] (1). •Valid as Pterocaesio randalli Carpenter 1987 -- (Carpenter 1988:59 [ref. 9296], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Carpenter 2001:2938 [ref. 26100], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:147 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:466 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio randalli Carpenter 1987. Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

smaris, Caesio Cuvier [G.] 1829:187 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. Available from footnote as, "C. smaris, N., ou Vackum mare, Renard, I, pl. 32, f. 174." •Questionably a synonym of Caesio lunaris Cuvier 1830. Current status: Uncertain as Caesio lunaris Cuvier 1830. Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Caesio Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:131, Pl. 34 (fig. 1) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1767 (1) and SMF 8614 (1) Massawa, Red Sea [? now 17645 (1) and 17646 (1)]. •Valid as Pterocaesio striatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:138 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Caesio striata Rüppell 1830 -- (Carpenter 1987:28 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:40 [ref. 9296], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356] as striatus, Holleman et al. 2013:264 [ref. 32876], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Caesio striata Rüppell 1830. Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

suevicus, Caesio Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:46, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: NMW 77818 (2), SMNS 3450 (1), ZMB 10575 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:7 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:19 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Caesio suevicus Klunzinger 1884 -- (Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Caesio suevica Klunzinger 1884 -- (Carpenter 1987:18 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:41 [ref. 9296], DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Caesio suevica Klunzinger 1884. Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

teres, Caesio Seale [A.] 1906:44, Fig. 13 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Shortland Island, Solomon Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 1329. •Valid as Caesio teres Seale 1906 -- (Smith 1986:579 [ref. 5712], Carpenter 1987:21 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:42 [ref. 9296], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:187 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:187 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:281 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:833 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:257 [ref. 25191] as terres, Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2929 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:833 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:208 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:259 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1195 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:462 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Caesio teres Seale 1906. Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands), Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

tessellata, Pterocaesio (Squamosicaesio) Carpenter [K. E.] 1987:47, Pls. 5A, 7J [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 15; ref. 6430] East Sumilon Island, off southeastern tip of Cebu, Philippines, depth 10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 30821. Paratypes: AMS I.17090-047 (1); BMNH 1985.9.17.3 (1); BPBM 28542 (6), 30668 (4), 30673 (5), 30728 (12), 30735 (17), 30741 (5), 30822-23 (20, 3); CAS 57408 (1); MNHN 1985-0879 (1); USNM 230887 (3), 264349 (1); ZUMT uncat. [ex BPBM 30823] (1) •Valid as Pterocaesio tessellata Carpenter 1987 -- (Carpenter 1988:60 [ref. 9296], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Carpenter 2001:2939 [ref. 26100], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:92 [ref. 27510], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:147 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:466 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:90 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:139 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36673], Koeda & Ho 2019:79 [ref. 36585]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio tessellata Carpenter 1987. Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and Sri Lanka east to Caroline Islands, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to Taiwan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

tile, Caesio Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:428 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9317. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:6 [ref. 21549]. Also appeared in Lesson 1830:181 [ref. 2776]. •Valid as Caesio tile Cuvier 1830 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:30 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:61 [ref. 9296], Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:1887 [ref. 15987], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xi [ref. 21953], Reader & Leis 1996:358 [ref. 21284], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:298 [ref. 27969] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:188 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:188 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:283 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:15 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:835 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:258 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2940 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:835 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:92 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:207 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:262 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1207 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:64 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:147 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:467 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Holleman et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:90 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:139 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:203 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Pitcairn Group, north to Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

translimitanus, Caesio chrysozonus Whitley [G. P.] 1933:80 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (several) AMS. Holotype based on a specimen of Caesio chrysozona recorded from Australia by Ogilby. •Incertae sedis -- (Allen et al. 2006:1209 [ref. 29090]). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

tricolor, Caesio Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:438 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. Based on a Parkinson drawing. •Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830) -- (Carpenter 1987:30 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:61 [ref. 9296]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier 1830). Caesionidae. Habitat: marine.

trilineata, Pterocaesio (Squamosicaesio) Carpenter [K. E.] 1987:43, Pls. 4D, 7I [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 15; ref. 6430] Dravuni Island, Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands, depth 4-6 meters. Holotype: ROM 50959. Paratypes: AMS I.17467-004 (2), I.18044-016 (4); BPBM 30824-25 (14, 6); BMNH 1985.9.17.4 (1); CAS 57409 (1); MNHN 1985-0880 (1); ROM 48044 (1), 48046 (79), 48049 (6); USNM 144991 (8), 230886 (2), 231423 (1); ZUMT uncat. [ex ROM 50959] (1). •Valid as Pterocaesio trilineata Carpenter 1987 -- (Carpenter 1988:63 [ref. 9296], Randall et al. 1990:188 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:188 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:188 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:835 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:259 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2941 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:835 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:337, 612 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:262 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:124 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1208 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2006:30 [ref. 29405], Allen & Erdmann 2012:467 [ref. 31980], Holleman et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:90 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pterocaesio trilineata Carpenter 1987. Caesionidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to Philippines, south to Queensland (Australia) and Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

varilineata, Caesio (Caesio) Carpenter [K. E.] 1987:24, Pls. 2C, 6G [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 15; ref. 6430] Northeastern side of Jana Island, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, depth 10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 30816. Paratypes: AMS I.25457-001 (1); BMNH 1985.9.17.1 (1); BPBM 21197 (2), 29430 (4), 30688 (1), 30693 (9), 30817 (2); CAS 57406 (1); MNHN 1985-0877 (1); USNM 264359 (2); WAM P.25980-001 (1), P.25986-002 (1), P.25997-001 (4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:26 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Caesio varilineata Carpenter 1987 -- (Carpenter 1988:44 [ref. 9296], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:206 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:174 [ref. 23922], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:208 [ref. 28072], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:145 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:462 [ref. 31980], Holleman et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32876], Psomadakis et al. 2015:250 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:44 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Caesio varilineata Carpenter 1987. Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra and Persian Gulf east to western Sumatra and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

xanthalytos, Caesio Holleman [W.], Connell [A. D.] & Carpenter [K. E.] 2013:264, Figs. 1B, 3, 4A, C, D [Zootaxa 3702 (no. 3); ref. 32876] Off Margate, KwaZulu-Natal, 30°54.012'S, 30°27.48'E, South Africa. Holotype: SAIAB 56575. Paratypes: BMNH, SAIAB, USNM. Name is used as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Caesio xanthalytos Holleman, Connell & Carpenter 2013 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Caesio xanthalytos Holleman, Connell & Carpenter 2013. Caesionidae. Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

xanthonotus, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1853:466 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5709 (205-mm TL specimen of 2). •Mention -- (Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Caesio xanthonotus Bleeker 1853 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:171 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Caesio xanthonota Bleeker 1853 -- (Carpenter 1987:18 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:45 [ref. 9296], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Randall 1994:264 [ref. 21644], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xi [ref. 21953], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:282 [ref. 24106], Carpenter 2001:2930 [ref. 26100], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:207 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:463 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Holleman et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Caesio xanthonota Bleeker 1853. Caesionidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Indonesia, including Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands. Habitat: marine.