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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Galaxiidae: [ 146 ] records


abbreviatus, Galaxias Clarke [F. E.] 1899:80 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 31 (1898); ref. 18008] Not available, no distinguishing features provided -- (see McDowall 1970:406 [ref. 22863]). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

aequipinnis, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:29, Fig. 6 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Arte River, at bridge on Glen Arte Road, west of Club Terrace, Murrungower, Victoria, 37°34'04"S, 148°45'14"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30565-2. Paratypes: AMS, NMNZ, NMV. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias aequipinnis Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias aequipinnis Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Arte River, Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Galaxias Regan [C. T.] 1906:380, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 15383] Lake St. Clair, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1893.6.15.12-14 (3). Additional material: (2) AMS I.7435 (1) •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:458 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:235 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

africanus, Galaxias Weber [M.] 1896:viii [Tijdschrift der Nederlandsche Dierkundige Vereeniging, Ser. 2 v. 5 (for 1896-1898); ref. 32141] Cape Town, South Africa. Syntypes: (several specimens) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Galaxias capensis Steindachner 1894 -- (Weber 1896:xxxix [ref. 32142]). •Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

alepidotus, Esox Gray [J. E.] (ex Forster) 1842:73 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18157] New Zealand. Brief description; this apparently validates earlier treatment of name published in synonymy as Forster in Block & Schneider 1801. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

alepidotus, Esox Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:395 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. Lectotype. Mentioned in the account of Esox argenteus; apparently validated back to this account by Gray 1842:73 [ref. 18157] who treated the species as valid; available as Esox alepidotus Forster 1801. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Specimen designated lectotype by Kottelat 2013:36 [ref. 32989]. •Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789) -- (McDowall 1970:352 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alpinus, Mesites Jenyns [L.] 1842:121 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Hardy Peninsula, Tierra del Fuego. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.4.18.1 (1), 1917.7.14.10 (1). •Valid as Mesites alpinus with wrong author -- (Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125]). •Questionably valid as Galaxias alpinus (Jenyns 1842) -- (Dyer 2000:84 [ref. 26678]). •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amaenus, Galaxias Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:178 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500] as amoenus, Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amblicephalus, Haplochiton Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:160 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Puerto Montt, south central Chile. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae.

anguilliformis, Saxilaga (Saxilaga) Scott [E. O. G.] 1936:106, Fig. 4 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1935; ref. 3994] Cox's Creek, tributary of Inglis River at Wynyard, northwestern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1971:5:0026 [H.T. 951, ex QVM type 80]. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.5.6.2 [ex QVM] (1). Type catalog: Green 1974:3 [ref. 19267]. •Synonym of Galaxias cleaveri Scott 1934 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:519 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:236 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Neochanna cleaveri (Scott 1934) -- (McDowall 2004:316 [ref. 27947], Paxton et al. 2006:409 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Neochanna cleaveri (Scott 1934). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anomalus, Galaxias Stokell [G.] 1959:265, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 87 (pt 3-4); ref. 12030] Spring-fed ditch tributary to Manuherikia River near Ophir and Omakau, Central Otago, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.2776. Paratypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Galaxias vulgaris Stokell 1949 -- (McDowall 1970:372 [ref. 22863]). •Valid as Galaxias anomalus Stokell 1959 -- (McDowall & Wallis 1996:405 [ref. 23240] with locality correction, McDowall & Chadderton 1999:81 [ref. 23815], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:387 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias anomalus Stokell 1959. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

apoda, Neochanna Günther [A.] 1867:306 [2], Pl. 7 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 39); ref. 1987] Near Hokitika, Canterbury Province, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1965.11.5.8. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Neochanna apoda Günther 1867 -- (McDowall 1970:398 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall 1997:122 [ref. 23241], Waters & White 1997:39 [ref. 25527], Ling & Gleeson 2001:385 [ref. 25495], McDowall 2004:315 [ref. 27947], Waters & McDowall 2005:419 [ref. 28417], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:404 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Neochanna apoda Günther 1867. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

arcanus, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:37, Figs. 8-10 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Wheelers Creek, just upstream of bridge on Wheelers Creek Logging Road and junction with Zulu Creek, upstrream of O'Hagens Campsite, south of Staceys Bridge, Victoria, 36°32'23"S, 147°49'44"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30568-3. Paratypes: AMS, NMV. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias arcanus Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias arcanus Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Victoria and New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Esox Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1393 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Lectotype defined by Kottelat 2013:36 [ref. 32989] as the specimen published in Lichtenstein 1844:143. •Valid as Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789) -- (McDowall 1970:352 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Kottelat 2013:36 [ref. 32989], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:388 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atkinsoni, Galaxias Johnston [R. M.] 1883:131 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Pieman River, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:458 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:175 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

attenuatus, Mesites Jenyns [L.] 1842:121, Pl. 22 (fig. 5) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Bay of Islands, New Zealand, in fresh water. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.11. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1970:378 [ref. 22863], McDowall 1971:49 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:526 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:237 [ref. 22532], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

auratus, Galaxias Johnston [R. M.] 1883:131 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Lake Sorell [as near Great Lake], Tasmania, Australia, elevation 4000 feet. No types known. •Valid as Galaxias auratus Johnston 1883 -- (Fulton 1978:114 [ref. 8932], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:512 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:175 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:62 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:95 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:403 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias auratus Johnston 1883. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

bollansi, Galaxias Hutton [F. W.] 1902:198 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 34 (1901); ref. 14880] Auckland Islands; South Island, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.11.30.23. Type catalog: Russell 1996:222 [ref. 22562]. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bongbong, Galaxias Macleay [W.] 1881:233 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 6222] Moss Vale River at Bong-Bong, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16258-002 [ex MAMU F82]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.1628-001 [ex MAMU F82] (6). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518]. Species originally spelled as bong-bong. Lectotype selected by Whitley 1941:4 [ref. 4701]. •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:472 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:92 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipinnis, Galaxias Günther [A.] 1866:213 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] New Zealand. Syntypes: (at least 4) BMNH 1853.2.14.5-7 (3) New Zealand; other possible types at BMNH. •Valid as Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:456 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:70 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:175 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:88 [ref. 24556], Gomon et al. 1994:235 [ref. 22532], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:53 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Waters & White 1997:42 [ref. 25527], Allen et al. 2002:96 [ref. 25930], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:218 [ref. 30624], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], McDowall & Stewart 2015:389 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand and Chatham, Auckland and Campbell islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevissimus, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:48, Fig. 12 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Jibolaro Creek, at bridge on Tuross Road, northwest of Kybeyan, New South Wales, 36°14'01"S, 149°27'10"E., Australia/ Holotype: NMV A.30559-3. Paratypes: AMS, NMV. Plus non-type material. Jibolaro Creek, at bridge on Tuross Rd, north-west of Kybeyan, New South Wales, 36° 14' 01”S 149° 27' 10”E, •Valid as Galaxias brevissimus Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias brevissimus Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Jibolaro Creek, New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

brocchus, Galaxias Richardson [J.] 1848:76, Pl. 43 (figs. 8-13) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Auckland Islands, New Zealand. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1855.9.19.800 (1). •Synonym of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842 -- (McDowall 1970:355 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bullocki, Galaxias Regan [C. T.] 1908:372 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 14345] Maquehue, near Temuco, southern Chile. Lectotype: BMNH 1968.9.16.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1968.9.16.2-47 (orig. 46) Temuco; ZFMK 12911 [ex BMNH] (1), 12912 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Busse 1984:217 [ref. 28342], Herder et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31087]. Lectotype selected by Busse 1983:72 [ref. 8503]. •Valid as Brachygalaxias bullocki (Regan 1908) -- (McDowall 1971:60 [ref. 22864], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Ruiz & Berra 1994:14 [ref. 21384], Berra et al. 1995 [ref. 21884], Dyer 2000:84 [ref. 26678], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], McDowall & Waters 2004:24 [ref. 27744], Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Brachygalaxias bullocki (Regan 1908). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: freshwater.

burrowsius, Galaxias Phillipps [W. J.] 1926:531, Pl. 88 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 56; ref. 6447] West Oxford, South Island, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.521. Paratypes: NMNZ P.4646 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. Spelled burrowsii by Stokell 1928:203 [ref. 17174]. •Valid as Neochanna burrowsius (Phillipps 1926) -- (McDowall 1970:395 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:88 [ref. 24556], Waters & White 1997:40 [ref. 25527], Ling & Gleeson 2001:385 [ref. 25495], McDowall 2004:316 [ref. 27947], Waters & McDowall 2005:419 [ref. 28417], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:405 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Neochanna burrowsius (Phillipps 1926). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

campbellii, Galaxias Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:229 [19] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3889] Campbell Island, southern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-2381 (4), plus 1 more (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19576]. On p. 18 of separate. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863] as campbelli, McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capensis, Galaxias Steindachner [F.] 1894:139 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 31 (no. 14) (for 25 May 1894); ref. 20493] Lorenz River 20 kilometers from mouth at Simons Bay, southwestern Cape Colony, South Africa. Syntypes: (several) NMW 6466 (4), 77685 (3). Species described in more detail in Steindachner 1894:460 [ref. 14564]. •Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (McDowall 1984:126 [ref. 6178]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

castleae, Galaxias Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:229, Pl. 21 (fig. 1) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] Lake Waikaremoana, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.2070. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

charlottae, Galaxias Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:230, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.981 [ex AMS IA.5195]. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942] with holotype as NMNZ P.981. •Synonym of Galaxias postvectis Clarke 1899 -- (McDowall 1970:361 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias postvectis Clarke 1899. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cleaveri, Galaxias Scott [E. O. G.] 1934:41, Pl. 6 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania [for 1933]; ref. 16459] West Ulverstone, northwestern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): QVM [old no. HT.938] (missing in 1974 and 2003). Type catalog: Green 1974:2 [ref. 19267]. See Waters & White 1997:39 [ref. 25527]. •Valid as Galaxias cleaveri Scott 1934 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:519 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:74 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:236 [ref. 22532], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:64 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Allen et al. 2002:97 [ref. 25930]). •Valid as Neochanna cleaveri (Scott 1934) -- (McDowall 1997:129 [ref. 23241], Ling & Gleeson 2001:386 [ref. 25495], McDowall 2004:316 [ref. 27947], Hammer & Walker 2004:88, 90 [ref. 28129], Waters & McDowall 2005:419 [ref. 28417], Paxton et al. 2006:409 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:222 [ref. 30624], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Neochanna cleaveri (Scott 1934). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cobitinis, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Waters [J. M.] 2002:47, Fig. 4A, 5-7 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 26027] Kauru River, tributary of the Kakanui River at road bridge, North Otago, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.37567. Paratypes: NIWA uncat. (3); NMNZ P.37568-69 (8, 3). •Valid as Galaxias cobitinis McDowall & Waters 2002 -- (McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:390 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias cobitinis McDowall & Waters 2002. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

coppingeri, Galaxias Günther [A.] 1881:21 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London v. 49, 1881 (pt 1) (art. 1) (for 4 Jan. 1881); ref. 2012] Alert Bay, Patagonia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1880.7.28.25. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1971:50 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:533 [ref. 5500], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:55 [ref. 22530], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coxii, Galaxias Macleay [W.] 1880:45 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 1); ref. 17580] Mt. Wilson, Falls of Colo River, New South Wales, Australia, elevation 2500-3500 feet. Syntypes: (3) AMS I.16262-001 [ex MAMU F87] (some of 21). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518] listed Macleay specimens as "cotypes". •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:456 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:175 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:235 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cylindricus, Galaxias Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:177 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Lower Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. No types known. Misspelled cyllndricus on p. 241. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

delfini, Galaxias Philippi [R. A.] 1895:19 [Verhandlungen des Deustchen wissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Santiago de Chile v. 3; ref. 18552] Lake north of Punta Arenas, Chile. No types known. •A forgotten name, the same as Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 22864], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061]). •In the synonymy of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898 -- (Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

delfini, Haplochiton Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:160 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Río Buta Palena, Chile. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae.

delicatulus, Galaxias Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:178 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

depressiceps, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Wallis [G. P.] 1996:412, Figs. 6-9 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 23240] Healy Creek, where it crosses Danseys Pass Road, tributary of Kye Burn, Taieri River system, Otago, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.31802. Paratypes: NMNZ P.31803-04 (5, 6). Plus additional paratypes at NIWA, NMNZ, NZMS. •Valid as Galaxias depressiceps McDowall & Wallis 1996 -- (McDowall & Chadderton 1999:81 [ref. 23815], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:391 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias depressiceps McDowall & Wallis 1996. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

dissimilis, Galaxias Regan [C. T.] 1906:383 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 15383] ?New South Wales [probably in error for Tasmania], Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.7.29.1. •Valid as Paragalaxias dissimilis (Regan 1906) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:570 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:72 [ref. 22909], McDowall 1998:235 [ref. 23816], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:112 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:410 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Paragalaxias dissimilis (Regan 1906). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

divergens, Galaxias Stokell [G.] 1959:266, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 87 (pt 3-4); ref. 12030] Creek flowing into the Maruia River, New Zealand, elevation about 2000 feet. Holotype: NMNZ P.2777. Paratypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Galaxias divergens Stokell 1959 -- (McDowall 1970:384 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Chadderton 1999:83 [ref. 23815], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:392 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias divergens Stokell 1959. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

diversus, Neochanna Stokell [G.] 1949:495, Pl. 57 (fig. 12) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 77; ref. 13030] Kaitaia, northern Auckland, New Zealand. Holotype: CMC F76. Paratypes: (several) CMC. Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:6 [ref. 22860]. •Valid as Neochanna diversus Stokell 1949 -- (McDowall 1970:402 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall 1997:122 [ref. 23241], Waters & White 1997:40 [ref. 25527], Ling & Gleeson 2001:385 [ref. 25495], McDowall 2004:316 [ref. 27947], Waters & McDowall 2005:419 [ref. 28417], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:406 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Neochanna diversus Stokell 1949. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

dubius, Galaxias Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1917:472 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 6); ref. 15119] George River, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: (many) MNHN 1922-0035 [ex SAM] (3), SAM or AMG (none found). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (McDowall 1984:126 [ref. 6178]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eldoni, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] 1997:213, Fig. 9 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 23246] Smugglers Creek, tributary of Traquair Burn, Taieri River system, southern New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.33177. Paratypes: NIWA uncat. (10, 10, 10, 5, 5), NMNZ P.33178 (9). •Valid as Galaxias eldoni McDowall 1997 -- (McDowall & Chadderton 1999:81 [ref. 23815], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:393 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias eldoni McDowall 1997. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

eleotroides, Paragalaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Fulton [W.] 1978:101, Figs. 2, 3c, 5, 8 [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 8909] Shallow water along the shore of Swan Bay, Great Lake, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D1259. Paratypes: AMS I.19152-001 (6); BMNH 1976.8.13.6-7 (2); FRD uncat (8); QVM 1976:5:166 [ex type 213] (2); TMH D1261-62 (11). Additional material: IFC uncat. (2). Type catalog: Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Paragalaxias eleotroides McDowall & Fulton 1978 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:570 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:180 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:74 [ref. 22909], McDowall 1998:235 [ref. 23816], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:113 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:410 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Paragalaxias eleotroides McDowall & Fulton 1978. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Galaxias Lahille [F.] 1915:10 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 19; ref. 20667] Near River Santa Cruz mouth, above El Quemado, Chile. Syntypes: (3). •Species inquirenda in Galaxiidae -- (Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061]). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

fasciata, Farionella Philippi [R. A.] 1858:310 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 3463] Valdivia, Chile. No types known. •Synonym of Aplochiton zebra Jenyns 1842 -- (McDowall 1971:34 [ref. 23675], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Aplochiton zebra Jenyns 1842. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Galaxias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:350 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] New Zealand; Conceptión, Chile. Apparently described independently of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842; objectively invalid, preoccupied by Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842. •In the synonymy of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842. Current status: Synonym of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Galaxias Gray [J. E.] 1842:73 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18157] River Thames, New Zealand. Syntypes: BMNH 1967.8.14.9-11 (3). •Valid as Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842 -- (McDowall 1970:355 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:394 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Haplochiton Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:159 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Valdivia, Chile. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae.

findlayi, Galaxias Macleay [W.] 1882:107 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 1); ref. 17583] Glacial ponds on Mount Kosciuszko, Snowy River system, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (2) MAMU? (probably lost). •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:472 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:92 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

flindersiensis, Brachygalaxias pusillus Scott [E. O. G.] 1971:6 [Records of the Queen Victoria Museum No. 37; ref. 18714] Lackrana, Flinders Island, Furneaux Group, Bass Strait, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1969:5:0035 [ex 1969:5:0025a, ex QVM type 173]. Paratypes: (14 + 8 c&s) AMS I.16158-001 (1), I.16159-001 (1); BMNH 1972.1.27.1 and 2 (1, 1); QVM 1969:5:34 [ex 1969:5:25b, ex QVM type 174] (14). Type catalog: Green 1974:3 [ref. 19267]. Holotype missing in 2003. •Synonym of Galaxiella pusilla (Mack 1936) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:552 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Waters 2004:25 [ref. 27744], Paxton et al. 2006:409 [ref. 28995], Coleman et al. 2015:266 [ref. 33969]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxiella pusilla (Mack 1936). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fontanus, Galaxias Fulton [W.] 1978:2, Figs. 1, 2, 3B [Records of the Queen Victoria Museum No. 63; ref. 8719] Swan River, eastern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D.1317. Paratypes: AMS I.20157-001 (4); QVM 1978:5:72 [ex QVM 254, ex QVM type 254] (4); TMH D.1318-21 (4), Type catalog: Andrews 1992:109 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Galaxias fontanus Fulton 1978 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:498 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:59 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:98 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias fontanus Fulton 1978. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

forsteri, Galaxias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:351 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] New Zealand. •Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789) -- (McDowall 1970:353 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

forsteri, Galaxias Kner [R.] 1867:320 [Reise der öesterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18426] Auckland, New Zealand. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fuscus, Galaxias Mack [G.] 1936:100, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the National Museum Melbourne No. 9; ref. 15286] Rubicon River, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: NMV A96. Paratypes: NMV A99 (1). Type catalog: Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266]. •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:472 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995]). •Valid as Galaxias fuscus Mack 1936 -- (Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:99 [ref. 25930], Raadik 2014:53 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias fuscus Mack 1936. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Goulburn River system, central Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

gayi, Farionella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:508, Pl. 649 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Chile. Syntypes: MNHN A-6311 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Aplochiton zebra Jenyns 1842 -- (McDowall 1971:34 [ref. 23675], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Aplochiton zebra Jenyns 1842. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

globiceps, Galaxias Eigenmann [C. H.] 1928:51, Pls. 10 (fig. 2), 13 (fig. 7) [Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 1245] Abtao, north of Puerto Montt, Chile. Holotype: CAS 49903 [ex IU 15597] (119 mm). Paratypes: CAS 49904 [IU 15597] (7 of 8). Holotype established in Pl. 8. •Valid as Galaxias globiceps Eigenmann 1928 -- (McDowall 1971:46 [ref. 22864], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Berra & Ruiz 1994:595 [ref. 23153], Berra & Barbour 1998:273 [ref. 23664], Dyer 2000:84 [ref. 26678], McDowall 2001:395 [ref. 25906], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias globiceps Eigenmann 1928. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Los Alerces near Puerto Montt, Chile [possibly extinct there]; Cipresal River, Chiloe Island. Habitat: freshwater.

gollumoides, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Chadderton [W. L.] 1999:80, Fig. 3 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 23815] Wetlands north of Island Hill which drain via the Scott Burn into the Freshwater River, central Stewart Island, east of Mason Bay, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.34880. Paratypes: NIWA uncat. (9, 2, 2); NMNZ P. 34074-76 (1, 1, 2), 34881-83 (2, 5, 8); Univ. Otago, Zool. Dept. uncat. (3). •Valid as Galaxias gollumoides McDowall & Chadderton 1999 -- (Waters et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25389], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:395 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias gollumoides McDowall & Chadderton 1999. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

gothei, Brachygalaxias Busse [K.] 1983:72, Fig. 1 [Bonner Zoologische Beiträge v. 33 (no. 1) (for 1982); ref. 8503] Near Talca, Chile. Holotype: ZFMK 11110. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.11.10.865-866 [ex ZFMK 11131-11132] (2); IZUA 2721 [ex ZFMK 11133-11134] (2); MNHNC P.6055-56 [ex ZFMK 11135-11136] (1, 1); ZFMK 11111-11130 + 11137-11158 (42). Type catalog: Busse 1984:217 [ref. 28342], Meléndez C. et al. 1993:48 [ref. 24124], Herder et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31087]. •Synonym of Brachygalaxias bullocki (Regan 1908) -- (Berra et al. 1995 [ref. 21884], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Brachygalaxias gothei Busse 1983 -- (Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Dyer 2000:84 [ref. 26678], Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Brachygalaxias gothei Busse 1983. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Talca, Chile. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] 1967:6, Fig. 5 [Breviora No. 265; ref. 7976] Upper Lake Rototuna, Kaipara Harbor, North Auckland, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.5626. Paratypes: MCZ 45053 (6); NMNZ P.4499 (6); USNM 201224 (6). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Galaxias gracilis McDowall 1967 -- (McDowall 1970:384 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], Rowe & Chisnall 1997:223 [ref. 24619], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:396 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias gracilis McDowall 1967. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

gracillimus, Mesites Canestrini [G.] 1864:100, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 13926] Chile. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1971:49 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

grandis, Galaxias Philippi [R. A.] 1895:19 [Verhandlungen des Deustchen wissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Santiago de Chile v. 3; ref. 18552] Lake north of Punta Arenas, Chile. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Galaxias grandis Haast 1873. •In the synonymy of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 22864], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

grandis, Galaxias Haast [J. F. J. von] 1873:278 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 5 (art. 29); ref. 2025] Small creek near Lake Ellesmere, New Zealand. Syntypes: CMC. •Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789) -- (McDowall 1970:353 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gunaikurnai, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:63, Fig. 15 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Shaw Creek, at walking track off Howitt Road at the Gorge, Bennison High Plains, Alpine National Park, Victoria, 37°23'39"S 146°44'51"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30573-2. Paratpes: AMS, NMV. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias gunaikurnai Raadik 2014. Current status: Valid as Galaxias gunaikurnai Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Shaw Creek, Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

heleios, Neochanna Ling [N.] & Gleeson [D. M.] 2001:387, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 25495] Wiroa Conservation Area, Kerikeri Airport, Northland, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.37090. Paratypes: (at least 19) Specific catalog numbers not provided. •Valid as Neochanna heleios Ling & Gleeson 2001 -- (McDowall 2004:318 [ref. 27947], Waters & McDowall 2005:419 [ref. 28417], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:407 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Neochanna heleios Ling & Gleeson 2001. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

hesperius, Galaxias truttaceus Whitley [G. P.] 1944:263 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 3); ref. 4705] Creek flowing to Taylor's Inlet (Nannarup), Albany District, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.2580-001. Paratypes: AMS I.13280 (2) Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:7 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:6 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:503 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:239 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:408 [ref. 28995], Moore et al. 2009:6 [ref. 30117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

huttoni, Galaxias Regan [C. T.] 1906:373, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 15383] Lake Rainiera, New Zealand. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.11.30.27-33 (7). •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ignotus, Galaxias maculatus Stokell [G.] 1966:78 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania v. 100; ref. 19265] Lower Tamar River, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (sevaral) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

irvingii, Uteranka Blandowski [W.] 1855:133, Pl. 3 (fig. 12) [Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria v. 2 (art. 15); ref. 34539] Yarra River, South Australia, Australia. No types known. Name not available, as p. 133 and Pl. 3 were omitted from distributed journal copies and reprints by order of the Council, of 7 Apr. 1858, therefore not meeting criteria of publication according to ICZN Art. 8.1.1.; publication disclaimed according to ICZN Art. 8.2. See remarks under ref. 34539; see also Iredale & Whitley 1932 [ref. 2299]. •In the synonymy of Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872. Current status: Synonym of Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

johnstoni, Galaxias (Galaxias) Scott [E. O. G.] 1936:92, Fig. 1 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1935; ref. 3994] Brown's Marsh Rivulet, Clarence River, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1971:5:0016 [ex H.T. 948, ex QVM type 70]. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.5.6.3 [ex QVM] (1), QVM 1971:5:0017 [ex QVM type 71] (2). Type catalog: Green 1974:2 [ref. 19267]. •Valid as Galaxias johnstoni Scott 1936 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:489 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:57 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:100 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias johnstoni Scott 1936. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

julianus, Paragalaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Fulton [W.] 1978:660, Figs. 1-3 [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 5); ref. 7003] Shore of Lake Field, Julian Lakes, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D1327. Paratypes: AMS I.20276-001 (1), I.20277-001 (1), I.20278-001 (2); BMNH 1978.6.1.2-3 (1, 1); FRD uncat. (1, 4); QVM 1978.5.109 [ex 1978:5:76, ex type 255] (2), 1978:5:110 [ex 1978:5:77, ex type 256] (1), 1978:5:111 [ex 1978:5:78, ex type 257] (1); TMH D1328-31 (4). Type catalog: Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Paragalaxias julianus McDowall & Fulton 1978 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:570 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:180 [ref. 12442], Mcdowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:76 [ref. 22909], McDowall 1998:235 [ref. 23816], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:114 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:410 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Paragalaxias julianus McDowall & Fulton 1978. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

kayi, Galaxias Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:6 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 18604] Fifth Creek, South Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.3-I.7 (2 ea. lot, orig. 10, now 6); BMNH 1905.7.29.31 [ex AMS I.3] (2); MCZ 27560 [ex AMS I.4] (2). •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:472 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:92 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

koaro, Galaxias Phillipps [W. J.] 1940:35, Fig. 20 [Fishes of New Zealand. Catalogue with diagnoses of the species v. 1; ref. 18553] New Zealand. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kokopu, Galaxias Clarke [F. E.] 1899:88, Pl. 4 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 31 (1898); ref. 18008] West coast, South Island, New Zealand. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789) -- (McDowall 1970:353 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias argenteus (Gmelin 1789). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

krefftii, Galaxias Günther [A.] 1866:211 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Sydney and Murray River, N. S.W., Australia. Syntypes: (at least 4) AMS I.7437 [ex BMNH 1864.7.6.35] (1) Sydney; BMNH 1861.3.25.3 (1) Murray R., 1864.7.6.32-34 (3) Sydney. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lanceolatus, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:68, Figs 16 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Stoney Creek, at ford on Stoney No. 5 Track, west of Seaton, Victoria, 37 54'10"S 146 32'32"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30552-3. Paratypes: AMS, NMV. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Galaxias lanceolatus Raadik 2014-- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias lanceolatus Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Stoney Creek, Victoria, Australia Habitat: freshwater.

landbeckii, Haplochiton Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:160 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Río de Valvia, Chile. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae.

lata, Haplochiton Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:160 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Puerto Montt, Chile. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae.

longifundus, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:74, Fig. 17 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Rintoul Creek, east branch, at ford on C12 Track, north of Tyers, Victoria, 38°02'09"S, 146°28'09"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30575-2. Paratypes: AMS, NMV, Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Galaxias longifundus Raadik 2014. Current status: Valid as Galaxias longifundus Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Rintoul Creek, Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

lynx, Galaxias Hutton [F. W.] 1896:317 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 28 (N.S. v. 11) [1895]; ref. 14610] Lake Coleridge, Canterbury, New Zealand. Lectotype: CMC F70. Paralectotypes: CMC F71 (3). Type catalog: Russell 1996:222-223 [ref. 22562], Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:6 [ref. 22860]. Lectotype selected by Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:6 [ref. 22860]. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macronasus, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Waters [J. M.] 2003:686, Fig. 4A [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 27143] The "Willowburn", a small unnamed stream, tributary of the Ahuriri River south of Twizel, a tributary of the Waitaki River in the Mackenzie Basin of the central South Island, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.38012. Paratypes: NIWA uncat. (10, 1 c&s), NIWA uncat. (12); NMNZ P.38011 (9), 38463 (8). •Valid as Galaxias macronasus McDowall & Waters 2003 -- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:397 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias macronasus McDowall & Waters 2003. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: South Island of New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Mesites Jenyns [L.] 1842:119, Pl. 22 (figs. 4, 4a) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Fresh water brook on Hardy Peninsula, Tierra del Fuego and Río Santa Cruz, Patagonia. Syntypes: (5, 4 from Santa Cruz) BMNH 1917.7.14.6 (1) Hardy Peninsula, BMNH 1917.7.14.7-9 (2 or 3) Santa Cruz. •Valid as Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1970:378 [ref. 22863], McDowall 1971:49 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:526 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:64 [ref. 25473], Pequeño 1987:363 [ref. 12874], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:55 [ref. 22530], Ruiz & Berra 1994:14 [ref. 21384], Gomon et al. 1994:237 [ref. 22532], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:67 [ref. 22909], López et al. 1996:17 [ref. 23681], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Azpelicueta et al. 1996:158 [ref. 24722], Waters & White 1997:42 [ref. 25527], Berra & Barbour 1998:274 [ref. 23664], Morgan et al. 1998:30 [ref. 24611], Pequeño 1999:172 [ref. 24566], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Dyer 2000:84 [ref. 26678], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:101 [ref. 25930], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27366], Cussac et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27813], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Paxton et al. 2006:404-405 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:219 [ref. 30624], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:398 [ref. 34241], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific, Oceania and, southern South America: Argentina, Australia, Chatham Islands, Chile, Falkland Islands, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marinus, Aplochiton Eigenmann [C. H.] 1928:46, Pl. 11 (figs. 2, 5) [Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 1245] Estero Cutipai, near Valdivia, Chile. Holotype: CAS 51274 [ex IU 15535]. Paratypes: CAS 51275 [ex IU 15536] (6), CAS-SU 23964 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:16 [ref. 12291]. •Mention -- (Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813]). •Synonym of Aplochiton taeniatus Jenyns 1842 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 23675], McDowall & Nakaya 1987:380 [ref. 6701], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Aplochiton marinus Eigenmann 1928 -- (Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Dyer 2000:85 [ref. 26678] with question, Alò et al. 2013:1 [ref. 33368]). Current status: Valid as Aplochiton marinus Eigenmann 1928. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mcdowalli, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:79, Fig. 18 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Rodger River, at bridge on Waratah Flat Road, Waratah Flat, Snowy River National Park, Victoria, 37°17'01"S 148°34'12"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30572-2. Paratypes: AMS, NMNZ, NMV. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias mcdowalli Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias mcdowalli Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Rodger River, Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

mesotes, Paragalaxias McDowall [R. M.] & Fulton [W.] 1978:103, Figs. 2, 3b, 4, 9 [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 8909] Shore near pumping station at Arthurs Lake, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D1260. Paratypes: AMS 19151-001 (6); BMNH 1976.8.13.4-5 (2); QVM 1976:5:167 (ex QVM type 214) (orig. 3, now 4); TMH D1263-65 (3). Additional non-type material: IFC uncat. (2). Type catalog: Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Paragalaxias mesotes McDowall & Fulton 1978 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:578 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:180 [ref. 12442], Mcdowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:75 [ref. 22909], McDowall 1998:235 [ref. 23816], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:115 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:411 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Paragalaxias mesotes McDowall & Fulton 1978. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

minutus, Galaxias Philippi [R. A.] 1858:309 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 3463] Valdivia, Chile. Syntypes: ZMB 6010 (5). •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1971:49 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:55 [ref. 22530], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

munda, Galaxiella McDowall [R. M.] 1978:119, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 2951] Pool in Jarrah forest, about 8 kilometers north of Scott River, between Nanup and Augusta, 34°13'S, 115°29'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25736-001. Paratypes: AMS I.19522-001 [ex WAM P.5225-001] (5), WAM P.5225-001 (39). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:7 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:6 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Galaxiella munda McDowall 1978 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:565 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], Berra & Allen 1989 [ref. 13529], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:148 [ref. 25528], Morgan et al. 1998:18 [ref. 24611], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:109 [ref. 25930], McDowall & Waters 2004:25 [ref. 27744], Paxton et al. 2006:408 [ref. 28995], Galeotti et al. 2010:13 [ref. 31603], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], Coleman et al. 2015:243 [ref. 33969]). Current status: Valid as Galaxiella munda McDowall 1978. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

mungadhan, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:86, Fig. 20 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Lightbound Creek, on Diago High Plans Road, Dargo High Plans, Alpine National Park, Victoria, 37°06'33"S, 147°09'40"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.33050-3. Paratypes: ANS, NMv. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Galaxias mungadhan Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:159 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias mungadhan Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Lightbound Creek, Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

nebulosa, Galaxias Macleay [W.] 1881:234 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 6222] Long Bay near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16260-001 [ex MAMU F83] (5). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

neocaledonicus, Galaxias Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1913:173 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 42 (no. 4); ref. 14993] New Caledonia. Syntypes: MNHN 1923-0012 and 0013 (2); NMBA 2840-44 (5?); ZMA 104700 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19576], Nijssen et al. 1982:11 [ref. 19236], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:52 [ref. 13796] who regards only the NMBA specimens as syntypes. •Valid as Galaxias neocaledonicus Weber & de Beaufort 1913 -- (Marquet & Mary 1999:34 [ref. 23933], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:57 [ref. 25191], Fricke et al. 2011:356 [ref. 31242], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias neocaledonicus Weber & de Beaufort 1913. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater.

niger, Galaxias Andrews [A. P.] 1985:56, Pl. 1 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania v. 119; ref. 8188] Reservoir Lakes, southern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D1926. Paratypes: AMS I.24488-001 (2), QVM 1984:5:12-13 [ex QVM 413-414] (2), TMH D1927-28 (2). Type catalog: Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Galaxias niger Andrews 1985 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias niger Andrews 1985. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Reservoir Lakes, Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

nigothoruk, Galaxias Lucas [A. H. S.] 1892:27 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n. s.) v. 4 (pt 1) (art. 4); ref. 14514] Lake Tali Karng [as Lake Nigothoruk], above the head of Wellington River, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.9.24.44 (1), NMV A.408-411 (1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266]. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:458 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:175 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nigrostriatus, Galaxias pusillus Shipway [B.] 1953:175, Fig. [Western Australian Naturalist v. 3 (no. 8); ref. 12716] Drain running into Marbellup Creek, Elleker near Albany, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.3420-001. Paratypes: AMS IB.3197-98 (1, 3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:7 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:6 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Galaxiella nigrostriata (Shipway 1953) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], Berra & Allen 1989:293 [ref. 13529], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:148 [ref. 25528], Morgan et al. 1998:16 [ref. 24611], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:110 [ref. 25930], McDowall & Waters 2004:25 [ref. 27744], Paxton et al. 2006:408 [ref. 28995], Moore et al. 2009:6 [ref. 30117], Galeotti et al. 2010:13 [ref. 31603], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], Coleman et al. 2015:243 [ref. 33969]). Current status: Valid as Galaxiella nigrostriata (Shipway 1953). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusus, Galaxias Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:41 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Yarra lagoon, Victoria, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.309960-001 [ex I.19743-003 and SMNS 1599]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.19743-003 [ex SMNS 1599] (2) [may eventually be returned to SMNS]. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:10 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:38 [ref. 29864]. Lectotype selected by McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500]. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

occidentalis, Galaxias Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:157 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 3279] South of Perth, Western Australia. Holotype: QM I.779. Paratypes: AMS I.4176 (1), BMNH 1905.7.29.10 [ex AMS] (1). •Valid as Galaxias occidentalis Ogilby 1899 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:542 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Morgan et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24611], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:102 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias occidentalis Ogilby 1899. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellatus, Galaxias McCoy [F.] 1867:320 [18] [Intercolonial Exhibition of Australia, Melbourne, 1866-67.; ref. 17755] Yarra and Gippsland rivers, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: NMV A444 [ex NMV old no. 56308] (1). Type catalog: Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266]. On p. 18 in French edition. Also appeared as new in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (ser. 3) v. 20:188. •Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:501 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:239 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oconnori, Galaxias Ogilby [J. D.] 1912:33 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 1; ref. 14855] Lyra, near Stanthorpe, southern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.421 (disintegrated). Non-types: AMS I.11161 (1). •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:472 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:92 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

olidus, Galaxias Günther [A.] 1866:209 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] "Queensland?" Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.2.13.24. •Valid as Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:469 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:69 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:55 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:103 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Raadik 2014:4, 92, 160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias olidus Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

oliros, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:111, Figs. 25-26 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Avoca River, Mount Lonarch Road, south-south-east of Mount Lonarch, Victoria, 37°16'47"S, 143°21'40"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30580-2. Paratypes: AMS, LCF, NMV, SAMA. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias oliros Raadik 2014. Current status: Valid as Galaxias oliros Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Galaxias Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:153 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Cardinia Creek, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: MNHN A.5225. Paratypes: MNHN A-5225 (1), A-6915 (1, poor condition) or A.6914 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19576] with a holotype and paratype; may not be a holotype. •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:469 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995]). •Valid as Galaxias ornatus Castelnau 1873 -- (Raadik 2014:124 [ref. 33606], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias ornatus Castelnau 1873. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Victoria, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

palenae, Haplochiton Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:160 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available, no distinguishing features provided; from Río Buta-Palena. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae.

parkeri, Galaxias (Galaxias) Scott [E. O. G.] 1936:99, Fig. 3 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1935; ref. 3994] Off Howell's Neck, Great Lake, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1937.4.3.1. Paratypes (12) and non-types: AMS IA.6414 (4); BMNH 1937.4.3.2-10 [ex QVM 1971.5.20] (9); QVM 1971:5:20 [ex QVM types 950a-b, ex QVM type 74] (2), 1971:5:21 [ex type 75] (1), 1971:5:22 [ex type 76] (1), 1971:5:23 [ex type 77] (2). Type catalog: Green 1974:3 [ref. 19267]. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1971:60 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:458 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:235 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

parrishi, Galaxias Stokell [G.] 1964:47, Figured [Records of the Dominion Museum (Wellington) v. 5 (no. 6); ref. 3496] Lake Bullen Merri, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: NMV A242. Paratypes: NMNZ P.3961 (1). Type catalog: Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266], Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:237 [ref. 22532], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

parvus, Galaxias Frankenberg [R. S.] 1968:270, Pl. 15 [Australian Zoologist v. 14 (pt 3); ref. 7891] Pond on eastern bank of Lake Pedder, about 400 yards south of inflowing stream from Lake Maria, southern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D.940. Paratypes: (19) NMV A392-400 (9, 1 ea.), NMV A401-407 (1 ea. = 7, c&s), ?A10370 (3), ?A10460 (21). Type catalog: Andrews 1971:1 [ref. 31471], Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266], Andrews 1992:109 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Galaxias parvus Frankenberg 1968 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:523 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:66 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:104 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias parvus Frankenberg 1968. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

paucispondylus, Galaxias Stokell [G.] 1938:203, Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Records of the Canterbury Museum v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 17174] Acheron River, Canterbury, New Zealand. Holotype: CMC F73. Paratypes: CMC F74 (10). Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:6 [ref. 22860] with F73 as holotype. •Valid as Galaxias paucispondylus Stokell 1938 -- (McDowall 1970:390 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:399 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias paucispondylus Stokell 1938. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

pedderensis, Galaxias Frankenberg [R. S.] 1968:268, Pl. 14 [Australian Zoologist v. 14 (pt 3); ref. 7891] Lake Pedder, near mouth of inflowing stream from Lake Maria, including the stream to 100 yards from mouth, southern Tasmania. Holotype: TMH D.941. Paratypes: (19) NMV A379-387 (1 ea, 9), ?A8657 (3), ?A10362 (27), ?A10382 (8). Type catalog: Andrews 1971:1 [ref. 31471], Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266], Andrews 1992:109 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Galaxias pedderensis Frankenberg 1968 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:472 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Hamr 1995:406 [ref. 22135], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:58 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:105 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias pedderensis Frankenberg 1968. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

planiceps, Galaxias Macleay [W.] 1881:233 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 6222] Rankin's Lagoon, near Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (9) AMS I.16261-001 [ex MAMU F85] (6). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:549 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

platei, Galaxias Steindachner [F.] 1898:329, Pl. 20 (fig. 13) [Zoologische Jahrbücher. Jena, Supplementband v. 4; ref. 4238] Río Pescado at Punta Arenas, Strait of Magellan, Chile. Syntypes: (several) BMNH, ZMB 15702 (5). •Valid as Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 22864], Zama 1986:450 [ref. 22523], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Berra & Ruiz 1994:597 [ref. 23153], Azpelicueta et al. 1996:158 [ref. 24722], Berra & Barbour 1998:274 [ref. 23664], Dyer 2000:84 [ref. 26678], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27366], Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Southern South America: Argentina, Chile and Falkland Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

postvectis, Galaxias Clarke [F. E.] 1899:88, Pl. 5 (bottom) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 31 (1898); ref. 18008] New Zealand. No types known. •Valid as Galaxias postvectis Clarke 1899 -- (McDowall 1970:361 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:88 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:400 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias postvectis Clarke 1899. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

prognathus, Galaxias Stokell [G.] 1940:422, Pl. 57 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (pt 4); ref. 17247] Wilberforce River, Rakaia Valley, Canterbury, New Zealand. Holotype: CMC F75. Additional material: (9) CMC. Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:6 [ref. 22860]. •Valid as Galaxias prognathus Stokell 1940 -- (McDowall 1970:393 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Waters 2002:44 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:401 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias prognathus Stokell 1940. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudoscriba, Galaxias McCoy [F.] 1867:320 [19] [Intercolonial Exhibition of Australia, Melbourne, 1866-67.; ref. 17755] Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): ?NMV A.9853 (old coll., no locality). On p. 19 and 320 of separate. Also appeared as new in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (ser. 3) v. 20:189. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pullus, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] 1997:209, Fig. 6 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 23246] Stream draining Munro Dam, tributary of Waipori River, Taieri River system, southern New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.33175. Paratypes: NIWA uncat. (2), NIWA uncat. (10, c&s); NMNZ P.33176 (7). •Valid as Galaxias pullus McDowall 1997 -- (McDowall & Chadderton 1999:81 [ref. 23815], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:402 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias pullus McDowall 1997. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Galaxias Günther [A.] 1866:212 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Eastern Creek, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.22.49. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1971:50 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctifer, Cobitis Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:56 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Cape Town, South Africa. Holotype: lost. •Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (McDowall 1984:126 [ref. 6178]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

punctulatus, Galaxias Philippi [R. A.] 1858:310 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 3463] Valdivia, Chile. Syntypes: ZMB 6009. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:532 [ref. 5500], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:55 [ref. 22530], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pusillus, Galaxias Mack [G.] 1936:101, Fig. 2 [Memoirs of the National Museum Melbourne No. 9; ref. 15286] Cardinia Creek, about 30 miles east of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: NMV A97. Paratypes: NMV A98 (1), A388-390 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266]. •Valid as Galaxiella pusilla (Mack 1936) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:552 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:75 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], Berra & Allen 1989:293 [ref. 13529], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:70 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:111 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:408 [ref. 28995], Galeotti et al. 2010:13 [ref. 31603], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], Coleman et al. 2015:243, 266 [ref. 33969]). Current status: Valid as Galaxiella pusilla (Mack 1936). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia: South-eastern Australia and Tasmania. Habitat: freshwater.

rekohua, Galaxias Mitchell [C. P.] 1995:90, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 21727] Northern shore and outlet stream of Lake Tuku a Taupo, Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.31126. Paratypes: NMNZ P.31127 (5). •Valid as Galaxias rekohua Mitchell 1995 -- (McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027]). •Valid as Neochanna rekohua (Mitchell 1995) -- (McDowall 2004:318 [ref. 27947], Waters & McDowall 2005:419 [ref. 28417], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:408 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Neochanna rekohua (Mitchell 1995). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

reticulatus, Galaxias Richardson [J.] 1848:76, Pl. 42 (figs. 7-12) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Auckland Islands, New Zealand. Syntypes: BMNH 1967.8.14.12-14 (3). •Synonym of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842 -- (McDowall 1970:355 [ref. 22863]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias fasciatus Gray 1842. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

robinsonii, Galaxias Clarke [F. E.] 1899:89, Pl. 5 (middle) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 31 (1898); ref. 18008] Hokitika River above Glossop's Ferry, Kanieri River and Lake, Kawhaka Creek, Frosty and South Creeks, New Zealand. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:363 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:459 [ref. 5500]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rostratus, Galaxias Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:41 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Murray River, South Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.19743-001 [ex SMNS]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.19743-002 [ex SMNS 1696 or 1597] (1) [may eventually be returned to SMNS]. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:10 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:38 [ref. 29864]. Lectotype selected by McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:549 [ref. 5500]. •Valid as Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:549 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:67 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:69 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:106 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

schomburgkii, Galaxias Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:455 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 7935] Near Adelaide, South Australia. Syntypes: ZMB 6788 (2). •Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:469 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:406 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:92 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias olidus Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

scopus, Galaxias (Galaxias) Scott [E. O. G.] 1936:95, Fig 2 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1935; ref. 3994] Brackish water stream, Clarke Island, Bass Strait, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1971:5:0018 [ex QVM H.T.949, ex QVM type 67]. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.5.6.5 [ex QVM] (1). Type catalog: Green 1974:2 [ref. 19267]. •Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Gomon et al. 1994:239 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:408 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

scottii, Galaxias Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:55 [Catalogue of the fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms; ref. 13268] Not available, no distinguishing features provided; from Ash I., Hunter River, N. S. W., Australia -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:551 [ref. 5500]). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

scriba, Galaxias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:347 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5217. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:237 [ref. 22532], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sealii, Haplochiton Johnston [R. M.] 1883:128 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Derwent River near New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia. No types known. •Valid as Lovettia sealii (Johnston 1883) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:181 [ref. 12442], McDowall in McDowall 1996:78 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Allen et al. 2002:116 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:409 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:221 [ref. 30624], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Lovettia sealii (Johnston 1883). Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

shannonensis, Paragalaxias Scott [E. O. G.] 1935:41, Pl. 3; Figs. 1-2 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1934; ref. 3991] Shannon River, Mienna, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1993:5:0005 [ex HT 939a] (missing in 1974). Paratypes: AMS IA.6439 (1), BMNH 1935.10.19.2 (1), NMV A413 (1), QVM P.T.939b (1, missing in 1974 and 1997), ?TMH D1/180 (1), ?TMH D996 (1) [formerly Zoology Department, University of Tasmania]. Additional material: QVM (13, on slides, missing in 1974 and 1997). Type catalog: Andrews 1971:1 [ref. 31471], Dixon 1972:121 [ref. 19266], Green 1974:3 [ref. 19267], Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Synonym of Paragalaxias dissimilis (Regan 1906) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:570 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:410 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Paragalaxias dissimilis (Regan 1906). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

smithii, Galaxias Regan [C. T.] 1906:372 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 15383] Falkland Islands [probably in error for Patagonia]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1965.7.20.1. See McDowall 2002:1129 [ref. 26087] for locality information. •Synonym of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 22864], McDowall 2002:1129 [ref. 26087], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

supremus, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:135, Fig. 33 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Carruthers Creek, on Main Range Track, south-east of Blue Lake, Mount Kosciuszko National Park, New South Wales, 36°24'37"S, 148°18'20"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30571-3. Paratypes: AMS, NMNZ, NMV. •Valid as Galaxias supremus Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias supremus Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatus, Aplochiton Jenyns [L.] 1842:132, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Goree [Gore] Sound, Tierra del Fuego, at stream mouth. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.4-5 (2), 1843.2.8.46 (1). •Valid as Aplochiton taeniatus Jenyns 1842 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 23675], McDowall & Nakaya 1987:379 [ref. 6701], McDowall & Nakaya 1988:233 [ref. 6237], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], López et al. 1996:18 [ref. 23681], Piacentino 1999:209 [ref. 24062], Dyer 2000:85 [ref. 26678], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813] with locality corrections, Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Alò et al. 2013:1 [ref. 33368], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Valid as Aplochiton taeniatus Jenyns 1842. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae. Distribution: Southern South America: Argentina and Chile (Tierra del Fuego). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tantangara, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:142, Fig. 35 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Tantangara Creek, tributary, above falls 200 meters upstream of ford on Alpine Creek Fire Trail, Kosciuszko National Park, upstream of Tantangara Reservoir, New South Wales, 35 50'23"S, 148°34'04"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30578-2. Paratypes: AMS, NMV. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias tantangara Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias tantangara Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

tanycephalus, Galaxias Fulton [W.] 1978:110, Figs. 1-2 [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 8932] Arthur's Lake, 41°59'S, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D.1266. Paratypes: AMS I.19334-001 (3); QVML 1976:5:183 [ex QVM type 227] (2); TMH D.1267-69 (3). Type catalog: Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Galaxias tanycephalus Fulton 1978 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:516 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:63 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:107 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias tanycephalus Fulton 1978. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

tasmaniensis, Brachygalaxias pusillus Scott [E. O. G.] 1971:3 [Records of the Queen Victoria Museum No. 37; ref. 18714] From a dam flowing northward on Marengo, Waterhouse Estate, Dorset, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1971:5:0048 [ex QVM type 175, ex 1970:5:25a]. Paratypes: (11 + 2 c&s) AMS I.16159-001 (1), BMNH (1), QVM 1971:5:50 [ex QVM type 176, ex 1971:5:48b] (11). Type catalog: Green 1974:3 [ref. 19267]. •Synonym of Galaxiella pusilla (Mack 1936) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:552 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:179 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:408 [ref. 28995], Coleman et al. 2015:266 [ref. 33969]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxiella pusilla (Mack 1936). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

terenasus, Galaxias Raadik [T. A.] 2014:147, Figs. 36-37 [Zootaxa 3898 (no. 1); ref. 33606] Maclaughlin River, at Allen Caldwell Bridge on Ando (Dalgety/Bombala) Road, north-north-west of Bombala, New South Wales, 36°38'50"N, 149°06'40"E, Australia. Holotype: NMV A.30592-3. Paratypes: AMS, NMNZ, NMV. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxias terenasus Raadik 2014 -- (Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias terenasus Raadik 2014. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Victoria and New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

titcombi, Galaxias Evermann [B. W.] & Kendall [W. C.] 1906:92, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1482); ref. 1282] Río Traful near Lake Traful, Argentina. Holotype: USNM 55571. Paratypes: USNM 53425 (1), 126098 [ex USFC 1439] (1). •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:533 [ref. 5500]). •Synonym of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898 -- (McDowall 1971:38 [ref. 22864], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias platei Steindachner 1898. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

toourtkoourt, Galaxiella Coleman [R. A.] & Raadik [T. A.] in Coleman, Hoffmann & Raadik 2015:261, Figs. 3-4, 9, 10a [Zootaxa 4021 (no. 2); ref. 33969] Surrey River, Wrights Swamp road, Cobboboonee, Victoria, Australia, 38°08'48"S, 141°24'55"E. Holotype: NMV A.31214-001. Paratypes: AMS, NMV, SAMA. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Galaxiella toourtkoourt Coleman & Raadik 2015. Current status: Valid as Galaxiella toourtkoourt Coleman & Raadik 2015. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Victoria and South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

truttaceus, Esox Cuvier [G.] 1816:184 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] Name in footnote, tied to text above but regarded as not available, no distinguishing features provided; questionably tied to argenteus Forsskål. Later described as Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. •In the synonymy of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. Current status: Synonym of Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae.

truttaceus, Galaxias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Cuvier) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:344, Pl. 543 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-5211 to 5212 (2) A-5213 (1); SMF 698 [ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19576]. See also Esox truttaceus Cuvier 1816. •Valid as Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Fulton 1978:114 [ref. 8932], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:501 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:72 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:238 [ref. 22532], McDowall & Fulton in McDowall 1996:60 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Waters & White 1997:42 [ref. 25527], Morgan et al. 1998:26 [ref. 24611], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:108 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88, 90 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:220 [ref. 30624], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias truttaceus Valenciennes 1846. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Eastern Australia (incl. Tasmania). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

upcheri, Galaxias (Galaxias) Scott [E. O. G.] 1942:51, Pl. 10 [Records of the Queen Victoria Museum. v. 1; ref. 13221] Dover, southeastern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM old no. 1940.361:1 (missing in 1974, 1997). Paratypes: BMNH 1966.5.6.4 [ex QVM] (1); QVM 1971:5:0024 [ex QVM type 72] (3), 1971:5:0025 [ex QVM type 73] (3). Type catalog: Green 1974:3 [ref. 19267]. •Synonym of Galaxias cleaveri Scott 1934 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:519 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:176 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:236 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Neochanna cleaveri (Scott 1934) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:409 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Neochanna cleaveri (Scott 1934). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

usitatus, Galaxias McDowall [R. M.] 1967:7, Fig. 6 [Breviora No. 265; ref. 7976] Lake Waiparera, North Auckland, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.5625. Paratypes: MCZ 45054 (4 or 5); NMNZ P.4500 (3); USNM 201223 (3). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1970:431 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:533 [ref. 5500], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

variegatus, Galaxias Lahille [F.] 1923:173 [Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria de la Universidad de Buenos Aires v. 4; ref. 17486] Not an original description but a misidentification of Stomias variegatus Lesson 1830. •In the synonymy of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall 1971:50 [ref. 22864], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:533 [ref. 5500], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

versicolor, Galaxias Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:176 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Marsh near St. Kilda, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:177 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:505 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Galaxias Stokell [G.] 1949:491, Pl. 55 (fig. 8) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 77; ref. 13030] Rubicon River, Springfield, Canterbury, New Zealand, elevation 1500 feet. Holotype: CMC F72. Paratypes: NMNZ P.2069 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942], Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:7 [ref. 22860]. •Valid as Galaxias vulgaris Stokell 1949 -- (McDowall 1970:372 [ref. 22863], Paulin et al. 1989:89 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Wallis 1996:409 [ref. 23240], Waters & White 1997:42 [ref. 25527], McDowall & Chadderton 1999:81 [ref. 23815], Waters et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25389], Wallis et al. 2001:60 [ref. 26465], McDowall & Waters 2002:43 [ref. 26027], McDowall & Waters 2003:685 [ref. 27143], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], McDowall & Stewart 2015:403 [ref. 34241]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias vulgaris Stokell 1949. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

waitii, Galaxias Regan [C. T.] 1906:376, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 15383] Gulpa Creek, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1905.7.29.2-5 (4). Non-types: AMS I.7411-14 (4). •Synonym of Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872 -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:549 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:178 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:407 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias rostratus Klunzinger 1872. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

waterhousi, Galaxias Krefft [J. L. G.] 1868:943 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 3) (art 1); ref. 2686] Creeks in South Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.11384-88 (1 ea.). •Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842) -- (McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:531 [ref. 5500], Paxton et al. 1989:166 [ref. 12442], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], Paxton et al. 2006:405 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns 1842). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

weedoni, Galaxias Johnston [R. M.] 1883:131 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Mersey River, Tasmania, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866 -- (McDowall 1970:431 [ref. 22863], McDowall & Frankenberg 1981:458 [ref. 5500], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:175 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:235 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:404 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Galaxias brevipinnis Günther 1866. Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

zebra, Aplochiton Jenyns [L.] 1842:131, Pl. 24 (figs. 1, 1a) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Falkland Islands, in freshwater lake. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1917.7.14.2-3 (2). •Valid as Aplochiton zebra Jenyns 1842 -- (McDowall 1971:34 [ref. 23675], McDowall & Nakaya 1987:379 [ref. 6701], McDowall & Nakaya 1988:233 [ref. 6237], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Ruiz & Berra 1994:14 [ref. 21384], Waters & White 1997:41 [ref. 25527], Piacentino 1999:209 [ref. 24062], Dyer 2000:85 [ref. 26678], Berra in Reis et al. 2003:504 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Cussac et al. 2004:105 [ref. 27813], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Alò et al. 2013:1 [ref. 33368], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Valid as Aplochiton zebra Jenyns 1842. Galaxiidae: Aplochitoninae. Distribution: Argentina, Chile and Falkland Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

zebrata, Cobitis Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:56 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Near Cape Town, South Africa. Holotype (unique): lost. •Valid as Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (McDowall 1984:126 [ref. 6178], Skelton 1993:259 [ref. 24071], Poll & Gosse 1995:87 [ref. 24781], Skelton 2001:259 [ref. 27406], McDowall & Waters 2004:25 [ref. 27744], Raadik 2014:160 [ref. 33606]). Current status: Valid as Galaxias zebratus (Castelnau 1861). Galaxiidae: Galaxiinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.