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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Hypopomidae: [ 37 ] records


alberti, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:653, Fig. 4 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Stream near San José, municipality Riberalta, Río Beni drainage, Rio Madeira basin, Beni, Bolivia, 10°55'32"S, 066°00'36"W. Holotype: CBF 10284. Paratypes: ANSP, CBF, UMSS. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus alberti Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus alberti Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Upper Rio Madeira basin, Bolivia and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

arrayae, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:664, Fig. 6 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Small stream near Puerto Hamburgo, municipality Riberalta, Río Beni drainage, Rio Madeira basin, Beni, Bolivia, 11°01'52"S, 66°05'39"W. Holotype: UMSS 7048. Paratypes: ANSP, AUM, CAS, CBF, UF, UMSS. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus arrayae Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus arrayae Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Upper Madeira River basin: Bolivia, Brazil and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

artedi, Rhamphichthys Kaup [J. J.] 1856:128, Fig. 3 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] La Mana River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3157. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856) -- (Hopkins 1991:155 [ref. 19506], Mago-Leccia 1994:47 [ref. 21320], Planquette et al. 1996:392 [ref. 22818], Albert & Campos-da-Paz 1998:423 [ref. 23853], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:65 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Carvalho et al. 2011:405 [ref. 31553], de Santana & Crampton 2011:1155 [ref. 31643], Maldonado-Ocampo et al. 2013:9 [ref. 32878], Sarmiento et al. 2014:188 [ref. 35004], Azpelicueta & Koerber 2015:41 [ref. 33654], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[14] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856). Hypopomidae. Distribution: Brazil, Bolivia, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname (see ref. 33654 for range). Habitat: freshwater.

batesi, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:667, Figs. 1a, 8 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Igarapé Xidarini, affluent lago Tefé (mouthbay of rio Tefé), Amazonas drainage, Amazonas, Brazil, 03°23'52"S, 64°41'17"W. Holotype: MCP 47020. Paratypes: MCP. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus batesi Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus batesi Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Central Amazon basin and upper Rio Negro, Brazil and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

beebei, Hypopomus Schultz [L. P.] 1944:40, Pl. 1 (fig. 4); Fig. 1 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 29 (pt 1, no. 5); ref. 10140] Río Caripe near Caripito, Estado Monagas, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 120753 (tail missing). Paratypes: AMNH 15453 [ex NYZS 30040] (3 or 2), MBUCV-V-15163 [ex AMNH 15453] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:5 [ref. 19771], Provenzano et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24196], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Hypopomus beebei Schultz 1944 -- (Hopkins 1991:155 [ref. 19506]). •Valid as Brachyhypopomus beebei (Schultz 1944) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:48 [ref. 21320], Planquette et al. 1996:396 [ref. 22818], Albert & Campos-da-Paz 1998:426 [ref. 23853], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:494 [ref. 27061], Triques & Khamis 2003:63 [ref. 27465], Giora et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Barriga S. 2014:116 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:188 [ref. 35004], Crampton et al. 2016:53 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:669 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus beebei (Schultz 1944). Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

belindae, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:677, Figs. 1c, 11 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Municipality Alvarães, Mamirauá Reserve, lago Araçazinho, rio Solimões-Japurá floodplain, Amazonas drainage, Amazonas, Brazil, 02°59'35"S, 64°51'33"W. Holotype: MCP 45360. Paratypes: INHS, MCP. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus belindae Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus belindae Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Central Amazon River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

benjamini, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:679, Fig. 12 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Quebrada Caño Fierro, near Jenaro Herrera, río Ucayali drainage, municipality Requena, Amazon basin, Loreto, Peru, 04°51'59"S, 73°38'48"W. Holotype: MUSM 39915. Paratypes: MUSM, UF, USNM. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus benjamini Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus benjamini Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

bennetti, Brachyhypopomus (Odontohypopomus) Sullivan [J. P.], Zuanon [J.] & Cox Fernandes [C.] 2013:14, Figs. 6-7, 8 (top 3) [ZooKeys No. 327; ref. 32879] Floating meadow along side of lake in the Paraná do Paracuúba, near mouth of Rio Negro and entrance to Lago Janauari, approx. 15 km due south of Manaus, 03°12.6'S, 059°59.40'W, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 39560. Paratypes: (18) ANSP, CUMV, INPA. Plus non-types from Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus bennetti Sullivan, Zuanon & Cox Fernandes 2013 -- (Sarmiento et al. 2014:188 [ref. 35004], Crampton et al. 2016:52 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:681 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus bennetti Sullivan, Zuanon & Cox Fernandes 2013. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

bilineatus, Microsternarchus Fernández-Yépez [A.] 1968:[3], Pl. 2 (unnumb.) [Evencias No. 20; ref. 7318] Río San Bartolo, tributary of River Guariquito, southwest of Calabozo, Venezuela. Neotype: INHS 111262. Original types MACLPI 65252 (27, lost). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. On third unnumbered page. Neotype designated by Cox Fernandes & Williston 2017:105 [ref. 35647]. •Valid as Microsternarchus bilineatus Fernández-Yépez 1968 -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:52 [ref. 21320], Albert & Campos-da-Paz 1998:426 [ref. 23853], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], de Santana & Crampton 2011:1155 [ref. 31643], Cox Fernandes et al. 2014:110 [ref. 33285], Cox Fernandes et al. 2015:213 [ref. 33927], Melo et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34701], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236], Cox Fernandes & Williston 2017:105 [ref. 35647], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Microsternarchus bilineatus Fernández-Yépez 1968. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Upper Orinoco and Negro River basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

bombilla, Brachyhypopomus Loureiro [M.] & Silva [A.] 2006:666, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2006 (no. 4); ref. 28920] Cuarto Palmas stream, Los Patos-Merín system, Ruta 15 kilometer 268, 33°23'43"S, 53°51'53"W, Rocha Departamiento, Uruguay. Holotype: ZVC-P 6287. Paratypes: MNHN [Montevideo, MNHNM] 3210 (1); ZVC-P 5686 (10, 3 c&s), 5688 (1). Type catalog: Loureiro et al. 2016:412, 414 [ref. 35150], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus bombilla Lourerio & Silva 2006 -- (Giora et al. 2008:160 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Koerber 2014:11 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:28 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:422 [ref. 34561], Crampton et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34832], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565] as Brachypopomus, Crampton et al. 2017:687 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236], Koerber et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus bombilla Loureiro & Silva 2006. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Rhamphichthys Steindachner [F.] 1868:177 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 5 (no. 20) (for 23 July 1868); ref. 20464] Rio Guaporé, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 65040. Paralectotypes: NMW 65038-39 (4, 3). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. Species was later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1868:254, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [ref. 14082]. Lectotype selected by Schindler 1937:19 [ref. 35119]. •Mention -- (Malabarba 1989:157 [ref. 14217]). •Valid as Hypopomus brevirostris (Steindachner 1868) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:13 [ref. 9708], Hopkins 1991:155 [ref. 19506], Bussing 1998:135 [ref. 24179]). •Valid as Brachyhypopomus brevirostris (Steindachner 1868) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:48 [ref. 21320], Chang & Ortega 1995:6 [ref. 24302], Planquette et al. 1996:396 [ref. 22818], Albert & Campos-da-Paz 1998:426 [ref. 23853], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:494 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:65 [ref. 27366], Casciotta et al. 2003:143 [ref. 28130] as cf. brevirostris, Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Lourerio & Silva 2006:671 [ref. 28920], Giora et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], de Santana & Crampton 2011:1154 [ref. 31643], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Barriga S. 2014:116 [ref. 35745], Cox Fernandes et al. 2014:110 [ref. 33285], Sarmiento et al. 2014:188 [ref. 35004], Azpelicueta & Koerber 2015:41 [ref. 33654], Crampton et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34832], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565] as Brachypopomus, Crampton et al. 2017:692 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:71 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus brevirostris (Steindachner 1868). Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Uruguay, Peru and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Microsternarchus Cox Fernandes [C.], Nogueira [A.], Williston [A.] & Alves-Gomes [J. A.] 2015:215, Figs. 1, 4, 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 164 (no. 1); ref. 33927] Amazonas State, Santa Isabel do Rio Negro, Rio Negro, Igarapé Jaradi, Brazil, 00°19′05"S, 65°18′31"W. Holotype: INPA 48028. Paratypes: ANSP, INPA, MCZ. Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Microsternarchus brevis Cox Fernandes, Nogueira, Williston & Alves-Gomes 2015 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Microsternarchus brevis Cox Fernandes, Nogueira, Williston & Alves-Gomes 2015. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Rio Negro, Amazon Basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

bullocki, Brachyhypopomus Sullivan [J. P.] & Hopkins [C. D.] 2009:186, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 158; ref. 30151] "Flor Amarillo" (río Metica-Meta drainage), Rancho Llano Grande, north of Mozambique Ranch, 4.033°N, 73.050°W, Meta State, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 187477. Paratypes: many at ANSP, CUMV, INHS. Plus many types. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus bullocki Sullivan & Hopkins 2009 -- (Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Cox Fernandes et al. 2014:110 [ref. 33285], Crampton et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:702 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus bullocki Sullivan & Hopkins 2009. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia, Guyana and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

cunia, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:706, Fig. 20 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Reserva Extrativista do lago do Cuniã, igarapé do Campo, affluent lago Cuniã, rio Madeira floodplain, Amazonas basin, Rondônia, Brazil, 08°19'14"S, 63°28'05"W. Holotype: INPA 37690. Paratypes: INPA, MCP, MPEG, MZUSP, UFRO-I. Plus many non-type materials. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus cunia Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus cunia Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Madeira River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

diazi, Hypopomus Fernández-Yépez [A.] 1972:20, Pl. 21 [Análisis ictiológico del complejo hidrográfico; ref. 19696] Río Alpargatón, Río Yaracuy drainage, Estado Carabobo, Venezuela. Holotype: no repository stated. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]. Appeared originally as diazi, but named for Miss María Isabel (Betty) Díaz, therefore mandatory change to diazae. •Valid as Hypopomus diazi Fernández-Yépez 1972 -- (Hopkins 1991:155 [ref. 19506]). •Synonym of Brachyhypopomus occidentalis Regan 1914 -- (Triques & Khamis 2003:61 [ref. 27465]). •Valid as Brachyhypopomus diazae (Fernández-Yépez 1972) (often as diazi) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:48 [ref. 21320], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Giora et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], de Santana & Crampton 2011:1154 [ref. 31643], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Crampton et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:708 [ref. 35114] as diazi, Ferraris et al. 2017:[22] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus diazae (Fernández-Yépez 1972). Hypopomidae. Distribution: Northwestern Venezuela and Llanos of Orinoco basin, trans- and cis-Andean drainages. Habitat: freshwater.

draco, Brachyhypopomus Giora [J.], Malabarba [L. R.] & Crampton [W. G. R.] 2008:161, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 29707] Parque Estadual de Itapuã Verde, lagoa Verde (30°22'52.4"S, 51°01'25"W), Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 41540. Paratypes: many at MCP, MNRJ, UFRGS, ?ZVC. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Loureiro et al. 2016:414 [ref. 35150], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus draco Giora, Malabarba & Crampton 2008 -- (Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Koerber 2014:11 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:28 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:422 [ref. 34561], Crampton et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34832], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565] as Brachypopomus, Crampton et al. 2017:712 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236], Koerber et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus draco Giora, Malabarba & Crampton 2008. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriipinna, Racenisia Mago-Leccia [F.] 1994:88, Figs. 66a, 74c-d, 77, 97a-b [Electric fishes of the continental waters of America; ref. 21320] El Pozo de Lucas, San Fernando de Atabapo, Estado Amazonas, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-7540. Paratypes: AMNH 58649 (2); MBUCV-V-7127 (29, not 25), V-7142 (2), V-7309 (2, not 1), V-14751 (2); USNM 214709 (7). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:16 [ref. 24196], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Microsternarchus fimbriipinnus (Mago-Leccia 1994) -- (Albert & Campos-da-Paz 1998:426 [ref. 23853], Lima & Toledo-Piza 2001:1062 [ref. 25823] as fimbripinnus). •Valid as Racenisia fimbriipinna Mago-Leccia 1994 -- (Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Cox Fernandes et al. 2014:111 [ref. 33285], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Racenisia fimbriipinna Mago-Leccia 1994. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Upper Negro and Orinoco rivers, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

flavipomus, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:717, Figs. 1f, 24 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Mamirauá Reserve [Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá], municipality Alvarães, Ressaca do Caetono, rio Solimões-rio Japurá floodplain, Amazonas drainage, Amazonas, Brazil, 02°50'15"S, 64°55'50"W. Holotype: MCP 45366. Paratypes: BMNH, INPA, MCP. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus flavipomus Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus flavipomus Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Colombia, Peru and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

gauderio, Brachyhypopomus Giora [J.] & Malabarba [L. R.] 2009:62, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2093; ref. 30168] Channel connecting Lagoa do Casamento and Lagoa dos Gateados (30°28'S, 50°40'W), Palmares do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil. Holotype: MP 43280. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, MZUSP, UFRGS, ?ZVC. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Loureiro et al. 2016:414 [ref. 35150], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus gauderio Giora & Malabarba 2009 -- (Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Koerber 2014:11 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:28 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:48 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:422 [ref. 34561], Crampton et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34832], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565] as Brachypopomus, Crampton et al. 2017:721 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236], Koerber et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus gauderio Giora & Malabarba 2009. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Paraguay River basin, Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil and Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

hamiltoni, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:728, Figs. 1g, 28 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Mamirauá Reserve (Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável), municipality Alvarães, Ressaca da Vila Alencar, rio Solimões-Japurá floodplain, Amazonas drainage, Amazonas, Brazil, 03°07'41"S, 64°48'04"W. Holotype: MCP 45482. Paratypes: MCP, MPEG. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus hamiltoni Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus hamiltoni Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

hendersoni, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:731, Figs. 1h, 30 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Lago Amanã, Igarapé Juá Grande, rio Japurá, municipality Maraã, Amazonas drainage, Amazonas, Brazil, 02°28'50"S, 64°48'50"W. Holotype: MCP 45305. Paratypes: BMNH, INPA, MCP, MPEG, MZUSP. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus hendersoni Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus hendersoni Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Central Amazon and Essequibo river basins, Brazil and Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

janeiroensis, Hypopomus Costa [W. J. E. M.] & Campos-da-Paz [R.] 1992:118, Figs. 2-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 18 (no. 4) (1991); ref. 19726] Corrego Salto-d'agua, tributary of Rio São Joao, 6 kilometers north of Silva Jardim, 22°39'S, 42°23'W, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 43130. Paratypes: MNRJ 529 (3), 598 (4), 599 (2), 12127 (1); MZUSP 43131 (7). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus janeiroensis (Costa & Campos-da-Paz 1992) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:48 [ref. 21320], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Triques & Khamis 2003:63 [ref. 27465], Giora et al. 2008:160 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Crampton et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:735 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus janeiroensis (Costa & Campos-da-Paz 1992). Hypopomidae. Distribution: São João and Paraíba do Sul River basins, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

jureiae, Brachyhypopomus Triques [M. L.] & Khamis [D. K.] 2003:62, Fig. 1 [Lundiana v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 27465] Rio do Descalvado, tributary of Rio Una do Prelado, Juréia Ecological Station, São Paulo, Brazil. Holotype: DZUFMG 010. Paratypes: DZUFMG 011 (2); MZUSP 67491 (1), 70004 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus jureiae Triques & Khamis 2003 -- (Giora et al. 2008:160 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Crampton et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:738 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus jureiae Triques & Khamis 2003. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Ribeira de Iguape and Una do Prelado river drainages, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

litaniensis, Parupygus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1962:98, Figs. 2, 3b [Bulletin of Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 30); ref. 12585] Litany River, Aloiké village, French Guiana. Holotype: ZMA 100248. Paratypes: ZMA 100407 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:25 [ref. 19236], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Synonym of Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:47 [ref. 21320], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Synonym of Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856). Hypopomidae. Habitat: freshwater.

menezesi, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:740, Fig. 34 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] 1 km São Marcelo, rio Sapão, affluent rio Preto, rio São Francisco drainage, Bahia, Brazil, 11°01'02"S, 45°31'50"W. Holotype: MZUSP 87147. Paratypes: MCZ, MZUSP. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus menezesi Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus menezesi Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Middle and upper Rio São Francisco River drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

mulleri, Rhamphichthys Kaup [J. J.] 1856:129, Fig. 4 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: (2) MNHN 0000-3983 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Hypopomus mulleri (Kaup 1856) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:13 [ref. 9708] as muelleri, Hopkins 1991:155 [ref. 19506], Mago-Leccia 1994:47 [ref. 21320] as muelleri). •Synonym of Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856) -- (Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Synonym of Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856). Hypopomidae. Habitat: freshwater.

occidentalis, Hypopomus Regan [C. T.] 1914:32 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 14 (no. 79); ref. 14172] Río Condoto, Pacific slope of Colombia. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1914.5.18.94-98 and BMNH 2012.6.13.1 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Hypopomus occidentalis Regan 1914 -- (Bussing 1987:99 [ref. 22927], Hopkins 1991:155 [ref. 19506], Galvis et al. 1997:102 [ref. 23651], Bussing 1998:134 [ref. 24179]). •Valid as Brachyhypopomus occidentalis (Regan 1914) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:48 [ref. 21320], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Triques & Khamis 2003:63 [ref. 27465], de Santana et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27412], Loureiro & Silva 2006:671 [ref. 28920], Giora et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Barriga S. 2014:116 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:283 [ref. 34894], Crampton et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:741 [ref. 35114], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35633], Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus occidentalis (Regan 1914). Hypopomidae. Distribution: Ecuador, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

palenque, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:749, Fig. 37 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Small forest stream, Parroquia Patricia Pilar, Centro Científico río Palenque, municipality Buena Fé, 45 km south of Santo Domingo, affluent of río Palenque, río Guayas drainage, Los Ríos, Ecuador, 00°35'01"S, 79°22'13"W. Holotype: UF 180270. Paratypes: FMNH. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus palenque Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[23] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus palenque Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Pacific drainages, Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

penak, Akawaio Maldonado-Ocampo [J. A.], López-Fernández [H.], et al. 2014:27, Figs. 1-4 [Zoologica Scripta v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 32878] Zone 7, Kamarang, Mazaruni River, 5°56'10.1"N, 60°36'53.8"W, Guyana. Holotype: CSBD 1654. Paratypes: ANSP [ex ROM 89554], ROM. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Akawaio penak Maldonado-Ocampo, López-Fernández, Taphorn, Bernard, Crampton & Lovejoy 2014 -- (Reis et al. 2016:15 [ref. 34496], Ferraris et al. 2017:[21] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Akawaio penak Maldonado-Ocampo, López-Fernández, Taphorn, Bernard, Crampton & Lovejoy 2014. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Mazaruni River, Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

pinnicaudatus, Hypopomus Hopkins [C. D.], Comfort [N. C.], Bastian [J.] & Bass [A. H.] 1990:350, Fig. 1 [Brain Behavior and Evolution v. 35; ref. 35116] Coastal swamp called "Grand Pripris," 3.5 kilometers northwest of center of old Kourou, French Guiana. Lectotype: ANSP 163463. Paralectotypes: ANSP 163464-65 (1, 1), 164474 (1); FMNH 98817 (1); MBUCV-V-20221 (3); MNHN 1989-1209 (3); USNM 301966-67 (1, 1). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24196], Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]. Also (but later) described as new by Hopkins 1991:153 [ref. 19506]. Lectotype selected by Crampton et al. 2017:757 [ref. 35114]. •Valid as Hypopomus pinnicaudatus Hopkins, Comfort, Bastian & Bass 1990 -- (Costa & Campos-da-Paz 1992:118 [ref. 19726]). •Valid as Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus (Hopkins, Comfort, Bastian & Bass 1990) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:48 [ref. 21320], Chang & Ortega 1995:3 [ref. 24302], Planquette et al. 1996:398 [ref. 22818], Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Triques & Khamis 2003:63 [ref. 27465], Lourerio & Silva 2006:671 [ref. 28920], Giora et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29707], Giora & Malabarba 2009:60 [ref. 30168], Sullivan & Hopkins 2009:183 [ref. 30151], Almirón et al. 2010:572 [ref. 31124], Sullivan et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32879], Barriga S. 2014:116 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:188 [ref. 35004], Crampton et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34832], Melo et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34701], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565] as Brachypopomus and author as Hopkins 1991, Crampton et al. 2017:753 [ref. 35114], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[14] [ref. 35679] with author as Hopkins 1991, Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus (Hopkins, Comfort, Bastian & Bass 1990). Hypopomidae. Distribution: South America: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Uruguay, Peru, and French Guiana. Habitat: freshwater.

pixuna, Procerusternarchus Cox Fernandes [C.], Nogueira [A.] & Alves-Gomes [J. A.] 2014:103, Fig. 2-11, 14 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 163; ref. 33285] Amazonas, Rio Negro, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Igarapé, Ducubixi, 0°00’39.2’’S, 67°15'34.7"W, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 33743. Paratypes: ANSP, INPA. Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Procerusternarchus pixuna Cox Fernandes, Nogueira & Alves-Gomes 2014 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Procerusternarchus pixuna Cox Fernandes, Nogueira & Alves-Gomes 2014. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Negro River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

provenzanoi, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:760, Fig. 40 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Caño "CVG" (Corporacion Venezuelana Guyana), municipality San Fernando de Atabapo, 10.5 km on San Fernando de Atabapo-Santa Barbara road, affluent río Orinoco, Orinoco drainage, Amazonas, Venezuela, 03°58'59"N, 67°38'29"W. Holotype: MBUCV-V 35650. Paratypes: MBUCV-V, UF. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus provenzanoi Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus provenzanoi Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Upper Orinoco and upper Rio Negro drainages, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

regani, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:762, Figs. 1j, 41 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Mamirauá Reserve, cano do lago Rato, rio Solimões-Japurá floodplain, Amazonas drainage, Amazonas, Brazil, 03°02'41"S, 64°51'26"W. Holotype: MCP 47022. Paratypes: BMNH, INPA, MCP. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus regani Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus regani Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon, Orinoco and Essequibo rivers: Brazil, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

savannensis, Parupygus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1962:58, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 26); ref. 13556] Sipaliwini, Paru savannah, Suriname. Holotype (unique): ZMA 102375. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:25 [ref. 19236], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]. •Questionably a synonym of Hypopomus mulleri (Kaup 1856) -- (Mago-Leccia 1994:47 [ref. 21320] as muelleri). •Synonym of Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856) -- (Albert & Crampton in Reis et al. 2003:495 [ref. 27061], Ferraris et al. 2017:[25] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Synonym of Hypopomus artedi (Kaup 1856). Hypopomidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sullivani, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:767, Figs. 1k, 43 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Stream near Jenaro Herrera, affluent río Ucayali, municipality Requena, Amazonas drainage, Loreto, Peru, 04°54'39"S, 73°39'29"W. Holotype: MUSM 39624. Paratypes: MUSM, MZUSP, UF, USNM. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus sullivani Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus sullivani Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon, Orinoco and Essequibo basins: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

verdii, Brachyhypopomus Crampton [W. G. R.], de Santana [C. D.], Waddell [J. C.] & Lovejoy [N. R.] 2017:772, Fig. 45 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 35114] Stream near Jenaro Herrera-Colonia Angamos road, affluent río Ucayali, municipality Maynas, Jenaro Herrera, Amazonas drainage, Loreto, Peru, 04°53'54"S, 73°38'22"W. Holotype: MUSM 35307. Paratypes: MUSM, UF, USNM. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus verdii Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017 -- (Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus verdii Crampton, de Santana, Waddell & Lovejoy 2017. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Upper Amazon basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

walteri, Brachyhypopomus (Odontohypopomus) Sullivan [J. P.], Zuanon [J.] & Cox Fernandes [C.] 2013:8, Figs. 1, 3-4, 8 (bottom 3) [ZooKeys No. 327; ref. 32879] Floating meadow alongside of lake in the Paraná do Paracuúba, near mouth of Rio Negro and entrance to Lago Janauari, approx. 15 km due south of Manaus, 03°12.6'S, 059°59.4'W, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: INPZ 8941. Paratypes: (20) ANSP, CUMV, INPA. Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236]. •Valid as Brachyhypopomus walteri Sullivan, Zuanon & Cox Fernandes 2013 -- (Cox Fernandes et al. 2014:111 [ref. 33285] in subgenus Odontohypopomus, Crampton et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34832], Crampton et al. 2017:775 [ref. 35114], Ferraris et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35236], Koerber et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Brachyhypopomus walteri Sullivan, Zuanon & Cox Fernandes 2013. Hypopomidae. Distribution: Amazon River Basin: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Guyana and Paraguay. Habitat: freshwater.