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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Latridae: [ 76 ] records


abdominalis, Sciaenoides Richardson [J.] 1843:19 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Not available, Solander name mentioned in the synonymy of Cheilodactylus macropterus (Forster 1801). •In the synonymy of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330]). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801). Latridae.

aerosa, Latris Hutton [F. W.] 1877:353 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 9 (art. 41); ref. 18318] Otago Head, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): OM A.75.14 (stuffed). Type catalog: Russell 1996:227-228 [ref. 22562]. •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) or Latridopsis ciliaris (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis. Latridae. Habitat: marine.

allporti, Chilodactylus Günther [A.] 1872:184 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 57) (art. 26); ref. 2001] Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1872.7.1.55-56 (2). Correct spelling of original genus is Cheilodactylus. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus spectabilis Hutton 1872 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094]). •Synonym of Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Current status: Synonym of Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

allporti, Mendosoma Johnston [R. M.] 1881:11, 54 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1880; ref. 18338] Derwent River estuary, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Mendosoma lineatum Guichenot 1848 -- (Gon & Heemstra 1987:184 [ref. 6748], Hoese & Bray 2006:1365 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Mendosoma lineatum Guichenot 1848. Latridae. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Cheilodactylus Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:377 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4080. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:9 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus fuscus Castelnau 1879 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1356 [ref. 29094]). •Synonym of Morwong fuscus (Castelnau 1879). Current status: Synonym of Morwong fuscus (Castelnau 1879). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

antonii, Cheilodactylus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:494 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Cap Saint Antoine, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9809 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:9 [ref. 15502]. Also appeared in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 19 (opp. p. 158) [ref. 1908]. •Synonym of Chirodactylus variegatus (Valenciennes 1833). Current status: Synonym of Chirodactylus variegatus (Valenciennes 1833). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

asper, Chilodactylus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:24 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Queen's Cliff, Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: SMNS 1655. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:8 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:27 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus spectabilis Hutton 1872 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094]). •Synonym of Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Current status: Synonym of Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

aspersus, Cheilodactylus Richardson [J.] 1850:64 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 1) (for 9 Apr. 1850); ref. 3745] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1844.2.12.3 (2). •Questionably a synonym of Cheilodactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330]). •Questionably a synonym of Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819) based on generic placement of monodactylus. •Synonym of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1359 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

bergi, Cheilodactylus Norman [J. R.] 1937:60, Fig. 27 [Discovery Reports v. 16; ref. 3227] 34°S, 50°W, off coast of Uruguay. Holotype: BMNH 1935.9.11.18. Paratypes: BMNH 1935.9.11.19 (1, with holotype), 1936.8.26.439 (1). Based on 3 specimens and on Chilodactylus macropterus (non Schneider) of authors. •Synonym of Nemadactylus gayi (Kner 1865) -- (Pequeño 2004:121 [ref. 28121]). •Valid as Nemadactylus bergi (Norman 1937) -- (Burridge 1999:414 [ref. 23946], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:91 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:50 [ref. 35565], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus bergi (Norman 1937). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bilineata, Latris Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:79 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): No types known, not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:32 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

brachydactylus, Cheilodactylus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:361 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8513 (1), RMNH (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:9 [ref. 15502] as paratype at MNHN and holotype at RMNH. •Valid as Goniistius brachydactylus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Chirodactylus brachydactylus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Smith 1980:2 [ref. 6907], Smith 1986:667 [ref. 5712], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:166 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:323 [ref. 28072], Ludt et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Chirodactylus brachydactylus (Cuvier 1830). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

brevispinis, Chilodactylus Regan [C. T.] 1921:416 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] 15-20 miles off Umvoti River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 120-130 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1921.3.1.8. •Synonym of Chirodactylus brachydactylus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Smith 1980:8 [ref. 6907], Smith 1986:667 [ref. 5712]). Current status: Synonym of Chirodactylus brachydactylus (Cuvier 1830). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

caerulescens, Mendosoma Guichenot [A.] 1848:215 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:32 [ref. 15502]. •Status uncertain -- (Gon & Heemstra 1987:192 [ref. 6748] as coerulescens). •Valid as Mendosoma caerulescens Guichenot 1848 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125]). Current status: Valid as Mendosoma caerulescens Guichenot 1848. Latridae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

carmichaelis, Cheilodactylus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:360 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic. No type at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:29 [ref. 15502]. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Chaetodon monodactylus Carmichael 1819:500, Pl. 24. •Synonym of Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

carponemus, Cheilodactylus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:362, Pl. 128 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] King George Sound, Western Australia; Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5714 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:10 [ref. 15502]. Mentioned in Cuvier 1829:177 [ref. 995], but with reference to Les Cheilodactyles Lacép. and not to the genus Cheilodactylus. Possibly an unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Cichla macroptera Forster 1801. •Synonym of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330]). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

ciliaris, Anthias Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:310 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Synonym of the later Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:656 [ref. 22532] apparently as a misidentification). •Valid as Latridopsis ciliaris (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:204 [ref. 24556], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:289 [ref. 16024], Paulin & Roberts 1992:150 [ref. 24625], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Smith et al. 2001:387 [ref. 25497], Roberts 2003:731 [ref. 27420], Hoese & Bray 2006:1363 [ref. 29000] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider, Duffy & Ahyong 2015:116 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1359 [ref. 34193], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Latridopsis ciliaris (Forster 1801). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

ciliaris, Sciaena Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:137 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] South Island of New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •The same as Latridopsis ciliaris (Forster 1801), thus it is a secondary homonym. Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis ciliaris (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

cinctus, Cheilodactylus Tschudi [J. J. von] 1846:15, Pl. 2 [Untersuchungen über die Fauna Peruana; ref. 4469] Lurin, Peru. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Kottelat 1987:51 [ref. 25858]. Latridae.

concinnus, Nemadactylus Richardson [J.] 1839:97, 116, Pl. 4 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also described in Richardson 1842:115, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [ref. 13097]. •Synonym of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1359 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

coxii, Psilocranium Macleay [W.] 1884:440, Pl. 22 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 2873] Watson's Bay, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.290 (1). •Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

cynaedus, Pteronemus Clark [W.] 1858:177 [Handbook of zoology, translated by the Rev. W. Clark; ref. 18004] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; East Indies. No types known. Apparently appeared first in original edition in 1855 (page not seen). Based on style, this is a new name for Cheilodactylus fasciatus Lacepède 1803. Latridae.

douglasii, Chilodactylus Hector [J.] 1875:244, Pl. 10 (fig. 11a) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 7 (art. 34); ref. 18269] Ngunguru Bay, north of Wangarei and Bay of Islands, Auckland, New Zealand. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original genus should have been Cheilodactylus. •Valid as Nemadactylus douglasii (Hector 1875) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:203 [ref. 24556] as douglasi, Kuiter 1993:260 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:652 [ref. 22532], Smith et al. 1996:211 [ref. 23251], Kuiter 1997:242 [ref. 25488] as douglasi, Burridge 1999:414 [ref. 23946], Randall 2001:3330 [ref. 26129], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:629 [ref. 30641], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1355 [ref. 34193], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus douglasii (Hector 1875). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

elongatum, Mendosoma Kner [R.] 1865:92 [Fische Frigatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2638] St. Paul Island, southern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: NMW 20564 (1), 22347 (3), 69845-47 (2, 2, 7), 76075 (3). •Synonym of Mendosoma lineatum Guichenot 1848 -- (Gon & Heemstra 1987:184 [ref. 6748]). Current status: Synonym of Mendosoma lineatum Guichenot 1848. Latridae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Cheilodactylus Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:329, Fig. 70 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Lobos de Afuera Bay, Peru. Holotype: USNM 128063. Paratypes: USNM 128064-65 (1, 1); Gov't of Peru [ex USNM 128065] (1). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

ephippium, Cheilodactylus (Goniistius) McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1916:445, Pl. 43 (fig. 2) [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 40; ref. 15058] Norfolk Island. Holotype: AMS I.10756. Paratypes: AMS I.6659 (1). •Valid as Cheilodactylus ephippium McCulloch & Waite 1916 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Paulin et al. 1989:203 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:257 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Burridge & White 2000:438 [ref. 24553], Allen et al. 2006:1356 [ref. 29094], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1350 [ref. 34193]). •Valid as Goniistius ephippium (McCulloch & Waite 1916) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Morwong ephippium (McCulloch & Waite 1916) -- (Ludt et al. 2019:133 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Morwong ephippium (McCulloch & Waite 1916). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

fernandezianus, Mendosoma Guichenot [A.] 1848:216 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:32 [ref. 15502]. Mendosoma is neuter, so correct spelling should be fernandezianum. ▌ •Status uncertain -- (Gon & Heemstra 1987:192 [ref. 6748]). •Valid as Mendosoma fernandezianus Guichenot 1848 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Mendosoma fernandeziana Guichenot 1848 -- (Pequeño & Sáez 2000:33 [ref. 24590]). Current status: Valid as Mendosoma fernandezianum Guichenot 1848. Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernández Islands. Habitat: marine.

forsteri, Latris Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:77 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Gipps Land coast, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4289 (5, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:18 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:204 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:261 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:655 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:244 [ref. 25488], Smith et al. 2001:387 [ref. 25497], Roberts 2003:731 [ref. 27420], Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000], Roberts & Gomon 2008:631 [ref. 30641], Roberts 2015:1360 [ref. 34193], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand and southeastern Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia). Habitat: marine.

francisi, Cheilodactylus (Goniistius) Burridge [C. P.] 2004:232, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27777] Off Phillip Point, 31°32'S, 159°04'E, Lord Howe Island, depth 100 meters. Holotype: AMS I.17357-001. Paratypes: AMS I.27134-003 (1), I.27139-006 (1), I.42728-001 (1); NMNZ P17846 (1), P39102 (1). •Valid as Cheilodactylus francisi Burridge 2004 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1356 [ref. 29094], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1351 [ref. 34193]). •Valid as Goniistius francisi (Burridge 2004) -- (Randall 2005:180 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:205 [ref. 30952], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius francisi (Burridge 2004). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific; Lord Howe Island, ?New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Cheilodactylus Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:376 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Sydney market, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown, not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:29 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Cheilodactylus fuscus Castelnau 1879 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Paulin et al. 1989:203 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:258 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:645 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:742 [ref. 25471], Burridge & White 2000:438 [ref. 24553], Allen et al. 2006:1356 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:625 [ref. 30641], Roberts 2015:1352 [ref. 34193]). •Valid as Goniistius fuscus (Castelnau 1879) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Morwong fuscus (Castelnau 1879) -- (Randall 2001:3330 [ref. 26129], Ludt et al. 2019:133 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Morwong fuscus (Castelnau 1879). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria), Lord Howe Island and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

gayi, Chilodactylus Kner [R.] 1865:92 [Fische Frigatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2638] Chile. No types known. Original genus is correctly Cheilodactylus. •Valid as Cheilodactylus gayi Kner 1865 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:32 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Pequeño 2001:23 [ref. 28125]). •Valid as Nemadactylus gayi (Kner 1865) -- (Burridge 1999:413 [ref. 23946], Meléndez C. & Cornejo C. 2001:68 [ref. 26163], Pequeño 2004:121 [ref. 28121], Dyer & Westneat 2010:608 [ref. 31446], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus gayi (Kner 1865). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernandez and Desventuradas islands (Chile). Habitat: marine.

gibbosus, Cheilodactylus Richardson [J.] 1841:21 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1841 (pt 9); ref. 18626] Western Australia. Lectotype: BMNH 1840.12.9.57 (skin). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1855.9.19 310 (1). Also described in Richardson 1842:102 [ref. 13097]. Lectotype listed in Allen et al. 2006:1356 [ref. 29094]. •Valid as Cheilodactylus gibbosus Richardson 1841 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Gomon et al. 1994:646 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:240 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:267 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1356 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:626 [ref. 30641]). •Valid as Goniistius gibbosus (Richardson 1841) -- (Burridge & White 2000:436 et seq. [ref. 24553], Randall 2005:181 [ref. 28239], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius gibbosus (Richardson 1841). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Chilodactylus Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1898:163 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 2; ref. 17393] Not available, no distinguishing features provided; from Mas a Fuera I. Latridae.

grandis, Chilodactylus Günther [A.] 1860:79 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Cape Seas, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH (stuffed, not seen). •Valid as Goniistius grandis (Günther 1860) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Chirodactylus grandis (Günther 1860) -- (Smith 1980:6 [ref. 6907], Smith 1986:668 [ref. 5712], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:166 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:324 [ref. 28072], Ludt et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Chirodactylus grandis (Günther 1860). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

griseus, Chilodactylus Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1898:163 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 2; ref. 17393] Not available, no distinguishing features provided; from Juan Fernandez I. Latridae.

gronovii, Chilodactylus Günther [A.] 1860:81 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Not available, name on specimen mentioned in passing under Chilodactylus brachydactylus. Latridae.

gygis, Gregoryina Fowler [H. W.] & Ball [S. C.] 1924:270 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 1471] Laysan Island, Leeward Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3415 (lost). Postlarval specimen. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus vittatus Garrett 1864 -- (Mundy 2005:417 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Goniistius vittatus (Garrett 1864) -- (Randall 2007:205 [ref. 30952] but as gygas). Current status: Synonym of Goniistius vittatus (Garrett 1864). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

hecateia, Latris Richardson [J.] 1839:98 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.140. Also described in Richardson 1842:106 Pl. 6, (fig. 1) [ref. 13097]. •Valid as Latris hecateia Richardson 1839 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801) -- (Roberts 2003:742 [ref. 27420], Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000], Kimura et al. 2018:67 [ref. 36401]). Current status: Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

huttonii, Platystethus Günther [A.] 1876:395 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] Dunedin, New Zealand. Syntypes: BMNH 1876.3.25.8-9 [ex Otago Mus.] (2). •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) or Latridopsis ciliaris (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis. Latridae. Habitat: marine.

inornata, Latris Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:79 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): No types known, not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:32 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

jessicalenorum, Chirodactylus Smith [M. M.] 1980:7, Pl. 2 (figs. B-B') [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 42; ref. 6907] Off Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth about 10 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 698. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 699-701 (1, 1, 1), BMNH 1980.3.26.1 (1), BPBM 22578 (1), MNHN 1980-1096 (1), SAM 28621 (1), USNM 221145 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:11 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Goniistius jessicalenorum (Smith 1980) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Chirodactylus jessicalenorum Smith 1980 -- (Smith 1986:668 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:324 [ref. 28072], Ludt et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Chirodactylus jessicalenorum Smith 1980. Latridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

knerii, Chilodactylus Günther [A.] 1866:185 [Zoological Record v. 2 (for 1865); ref. 1982] Chile. Based on Valenciennes 1822:489-492 [ref. 1002]. Latridae.

lineata, Cichla Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:342 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Latris lineata (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:204 [ref. 24556], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:290 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:261 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:656 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:244 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Roberts 2003:742 [ref. 27420], Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider, Roberts & Gomon 2008:632 [ref. 30641], Waessle & Milessi 2013:97 [ref. 32690], Roberts 2015:1361 [ref. 34193], Kimura et al. 2018:67 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Latris lineata (Forster 1801). Latridae. Distribution: Widespread in the Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Mendosoma Guichenot [A.] 1848:213, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Valparaíso Bay, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0147. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:18 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Mendosoma lineata Guichenot 1848 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Mendosoma lineatum Guichenot 1848 -- (Gon & Heemstra 1987:184 [ref. 6748], Paulin et al. 1989:204 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:151 [ref. 24625], Roberts 2003:731 [ref. 27420], Hoese & Bray 2006:1365 [ref. 29000], Roberts 2015:1362 [ref. 34193], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Mendosoma lineatum Guichenot 1848. Latridae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Antarctic and cool temperate waters of the Southern Hemishere. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Sciaena Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:134 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] Insula australis Novae Zelandiae [= Pickerskill Harbour, Dusky Sound, South Island, New Zealand]. Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown (probably eaten). Preoccupied by Sciaena lineata Forster 1801. Lichtenstein (editor, p.134, footnote) treats as a synonym of "Cichla lineata Bl. Schn. p. 342". •In the synonymy of Latris lineata (Forster 1801) -- (Roberts 2003:743 [ref. 27420]). Current status: Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

macroptera, Cichla Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:342 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:286 [ref. 16024], Paulin et al. 1989:202 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:122 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:260 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:653 [ref. 22532], Smith et al. 1996:209 [ref. 23251], Kuiter 1997:242 [ref. 25488], Burridge 1999:414 [ref. 23946], Burridge & White 2000:438 [ref. 24553], Jordan 2001:661 [ref. 25555], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1359 [ref. 29094] with authorship as Boch & Schneider, Roberts & Gomon 2008:629 [ref. 30641], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1356 [ref. 34193], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster 1801). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Australia, Norfolk Island, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

monodactylus, Chaetodon Carmichael [D.] 1819:500, Pl. 24 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 12 (pt 2) (art. 29); ref. 17972] Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic. No types known. •Valid as Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819) -- (Burridge 1999:414 [ref. 23946], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael 1819). Latridae. Distribution: South Atlantic Ocean Tristan da Cunha. Habitat: marine.

mortoni, Latris Saville-Kent [W.] 1886:13 [Report Fisheries Tasmania 1886; ref. 18381] Tasmania, Australia. No types known. Proposed conditionally, regarded as available. •Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:657 [ref. 22532], Roberts 2003:743 [ref. 27420], Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

morwong, Chilodactylus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1887:879 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 20275] Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.769. Paratypes: (1, mounted) ?AMS. Chilodactylus polyacanthus published earlier, but as name only, is used by authors for this species (McCulloch 1929-30:257 [ref. 2948]). Original genus should have been Cheilodactylus. •Synonym of Nemadactylus douglasii (Hector 1875) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus douglasii (Hector 1875). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

muelleri, Micropus Steindachner [F.] 1879:34 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 20480] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, South Australia, 37°51'S, 144°56'E. Holotype (unique): SMNS 2238. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:15-16 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:46 [ref. 29864]. Species originally spelled as Mülleri, change mandatory; later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:7 [ref. 4228]. •Valid as Orqueta muelleri (Steindachner 1879) -- (Fricke 1995:15-16 [ref. 28100]). •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

mulhallii, Chilodactylus Macleay [W.] 1882:366 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 17588] Sydney fish market, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Chilodactylus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:26 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Queens's Cliff, Hobson's Bay, Victoria, South Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1595. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:8 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:27 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Chilodactylus Saville-Kent [W.] 1897:166 [The naturalist in Australia; ref. 18385] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Fremantle, Western Australia -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330]). Latridae.

nigricans, Cheilodactylus Richardson [J.] 1850:63 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 1) (for 9 Apr. 1850); ref. 3745] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): NMSZ 1980.073.003 (dry skin). Type catalog: Herman et al. 1990:3 [ref. 20727]. •Valid as Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Kuiter 1993:259 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:651 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:267 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:628 [ref. 30641], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:129 [ref. 36635], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales and southern Australia to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Cheilodactylus Richardson [J.] 1850:66 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 1) (for 9 Apr. 1850); ref. 3745] King George Sound, Western Australia. Neotype: WAM P24858.001. Neotype designated by Ludt et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36635]. •Valid as Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson 1850 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Paulin et al. 1989:203 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:258 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:647 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:240 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:267 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:626 [ref. 30641], Roberts 2015:1353 [ref. 34193]). •Valid but should be excluded from Goniistius -- (Burridge & White 2000:443 [ref. 24553]). •Valid as Goniistius nigripes (Richardson 1850) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Pseudogoniistius nigripes (Richardson 1850) -- (Ludt et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogoniistius nigripes (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia) and occasionally New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

pacifica, Latris Roberts [C. D.] 2003:735, Figs. 1, 2, 3A [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 27420] Top of seamount, Foundation Seamount chain, over 2100 kilometers south-east of Pitcairn Island (37°12'S, 126°05'W), depth 284 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.31466. Paratypes: AMZ I.41381-001 (1); BMNH 2002.6.7.1 (1); BPBM 39004 (1); NMNZ P.31273 (1), P.31810 (2), P.31811 (2), P.31812 (1),P.31814 (1), P.32537 (2), P.32538 (2), P.34006 (1), P.34116 (1); USNM 368549 (1). •Valid as Latris pacifica Roberts 2003 -- (Smith [P. J.] et al. 2003:755 [ref. 27421], Kimura et al. 2018:67 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Latris pacifica Roberts 2003. Latridae. Distribution: Foundation seamounts, just west of East Pacific Ridge. Habitat: marine.

plessisi, Cheilodactylus (Goniistius) Randall [J. E.] 1983:7, Figs. 3-5 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 25 (no. 7); ref. 5361] Northern side of bay, Mataveri O Tai, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 6670. Paratypes: AMS I.22178-001 (1); BMNH 1981.3.18.4 (1); BPBM 6668-69 (2, 0), 6671 (1), 12834 (2), 12842 (1), 13050 (1); CAS 47908 [ex BPBM 6667] (1); LACM 6560-25 (6); MNHN 1942-70 (1), 1971-37 (1); UBC 65-430 (4), 65-434 (1), 65-446 (2), 65-457 to 458 (4, 5); USNM 226553 [ex BPBM 6669] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:10 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Cheilodactylus plessisi Randall 1983 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Pequeño 2001:23 [ref. 28125]). •Valid as Goniistius plessisi (Randall 1983) -- (Burridge & White 2000:436 et seq. [ref. 24553], Randall 2005:180 [ref. 28239], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius plessisi (Randall 1983). Latridae. Distribution: South Pacific: Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

polycentrus, Micropteryx Kner [R.] 1868:29 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Valparaíso, Chile. As "Micropteryx polycentrus nov. sp. vel potius nov. gen. Micropus polycentrus." Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:322 [p. 31 of separate], Pl. 5 (fig. 14) [ref. 2646]. •Not a carangidae, belongs in Latridae -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm. Nov. 1989). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

quadricornis, Chilodactylus Günther [A.] 1860:83 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1844.2.21.12 (dry). Original genus is correctly Cheilodactylus. •Valid as Goniistius quadricornis (Günther 1860) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:200 [ref. 6441], Burridge & White 2000:436 [ref. 24553], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:913 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:33 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:913 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:360, 629 [ref. 26218], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius quadricornis (Günther 1860). Latridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

ramsayi, Latris Ogilby [J. D.] 1885:229 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 3262] Sydney markets, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.7024. •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:656 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

reedii, Chilodactylus Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1898:163 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 2; ref. 17393] Not available, no distinguishing features provided; from Juan Fernandez I. Latridae.

rex, Nemadactylus Roberts [C. D.] in Roberts, Stewart & Struthers 2015:1357, Fig. 199.8 [ ref. 34193] From Southeastern Australia, Tasman Sea and Kermadec Islands to Gisborne. •Was to appear in Roberts 2015 in Zootaxa (Roberts 2015:S105 [ref. 34193]). It did not appear there. Not available. •Valid as Nemadactylus rex Roberts -- (Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635] in species listing). Current status: Synonym of Nemadactylus. Latridae.

rubrofasciatus, Cheilodactylus Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:140 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 763] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:29 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus spectabilis Hutton 1872 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094]). •Synonym of Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Current status: Synonym of Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

rubrolabiatus, Cheilodactylus Allen [G. R.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 1976:313, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 4 (pt 4); ref. 7330] Near boat launching ramp at Woodman's Point, Western Australia, 32°08'30"S, 115°45'36"E, depth 2 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25225-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18854-001 (1); BMNH 1975.9.23.10 (1); CSIRO C 2693-C 2700 (8), C 2712 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 835 (1); USNM 214831 (1); WAM P.4879 (1), P.5562 (1), P.5925 (1), P.10529 (1), P.22244 (1, missing), P.22580 (1), P.25255-003 (2), P.25473-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:32 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:35 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cheilodactylus rubrolabiatus Allen & Heemstra 1976 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:648 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:242 [ref. 25488], Burridge & White 2000:438 [ref. 24553], Hutchins 2001:267 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:627 [ref. 30641]). •Valid as Goniistius rubrolabiatus (Allen & Heemstra 1976) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius rubrolabiatus (Allen & Heemstra 1976). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

salmonea, Latris Gray [J. E.] & Richardson [J.] in Richardson 1843:209 [List of fish hitherto detected on the coasts of New Zealand v. 2 (Chapter 4); ref. 1885] Totaeranue Cove, Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand. No types known. Originally as Latris ? salmonea. Also appeared in Richardson 1842:114 [ref. 13097] as Sciaena salmonea in Latris. •Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Latris lineata (Forster 1801). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

semimaculata, Dactylophora De Vis [C. W.] 1883:284 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 1088] South Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1019. •Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850) -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Allen et al. 2006:1358 [ref. 29094]). Current status: Synonym of Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

spectabilis, Cheilodactylus Hutton [F. W.] 1872:8 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Cook Straits, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Chilodactylus Agassiz is a misspellig. •Valid as Cheilodactylus spectabilis Hutton 1872 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Paulin et al. 1989:203 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:121 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:258 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:649 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:242 [ref. 25488], Burridge & White 2000:438 [ref. 24553], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:627 [ref. 30641], Roberts 2015:1354 [ref. 34193]). •Valid as Goniistius spectabilis (Hutton 1872) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872) -- (Ludt et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Chirodactylus spectabilis (Hutton 1872). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia) and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

tasmaniensis, Evistius huttonii Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:234 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.6222. Based on Evistius huttonii of McCulloch 1923:121 [ref. 2946]. •Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1364 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Latridopsis forsteri (Castelnau 1872). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

valenciennesi, Sciaenoides Whitley [G. P.] 1937:21 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 4691] King George Sound, Western Australia. No types known. Based on Cheilodactylus carponemus of Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:362, Pl. 128 [ref. 999]. •Valid as Nemadactylus valenciennesi (Whitley 1937) -- (Kuiter 1993:260 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:654 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:242 [ref. 25488], Burridge 1999:413 [ref. 23946], Burridge & White 2000:438 [ref. 24553], Hutchins 2001:267 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1359 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:630 [ref. 30641], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus valenciennesi (Whitley 1937). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales and southern Australia to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Cheilodactylus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:493 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8514. •Valid as Goniistius variegatus (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401]). •Valid as Cheilodactylus variegatus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:172 [ref. 24555], Pequeño 2001:23 [ref. 28125], Ludt et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Chirodactylus variegatus (Valenciennes 1833). Latridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vemae, Acantholatris Penrith [M. J.] 1967:530, Pl. 21 (fig. A) [Annals of the South African Museum v. 48 (pt 22); ref. 7983] Vema Seamount, South Africa. Holotype: SAM 24527. Paratypes or other material: SAM 24289-90 (1, 1), 24292-93 (1, 1), 24296-98 (1, 1, 1), 24525 (1), 24527 (1). •Valid as Nemadactylus vemae (Penrith 1967) -- (Burridge 1999:413 [ref. 23946], Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Nemadactylus vemae (Penrith 1967). Latridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Vema Seamount. Habitat: marine.

vestitus, Zeodrius Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:377 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Sydney market, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1225. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:11 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus gibbosus Richardson 1841 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330]). •Valid as Cheilodactylus vestitus (Castelnau 1879) -- (Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:132 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:259 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:647 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:240 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:519 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:742 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:333 [ref. 25191], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094], Roberts & Gomon 2008:626 [ref. 30641]). •Valid as Goniistius vestitus (Castelnau 1879) -- (Burridge & White 2000:436 et seq. [ref. 24553], Randall 2001:3330 [ref. 26129] dated 1878, Randall 2005:181 [ref. 28239] dated 1878, Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius vestitus (Castelnau 1879). Latridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Cheilodactylus Garrett [A.] 1864:103 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3; ref. 18276] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Cheilodactylus vittatus Garrett 1864 -- (Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Burridge 2004:233 [ref. 27777], Mundy 2005:417 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Goniistius vittatus (Garrett 1864) -- (Burridge & White 2000:436 et seq. [ref. 24553], Randall 2001:3330 [ref. 26129], Randall 2005:180 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:205 [ref. 30952], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius vittatus (Garrett 1864). Latridae. Distribution: Northern central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

vizonarius, Chilodactylus Saville-Kent [W.] 1888:xxx, xxxi, 48 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1887; ref. 18383] Tasmania, Australia. No types known. Also later as bizonarius. •Synonym of Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson 1850 -- (Allen & Heemstra 1976:312 [ref. 7330], Gomon et al. 1994:648 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1357 [ref. 29094]). •Synonym of Goniistius nigripes (Richardson 1850). Current status: Synonym of Goniistius nigripes (Richardson 1850). Latridae. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Chilodactylus Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:29 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): NMW 72193. Appeared as a name mentioned in synonymy under Chilodactylus gibbosus, but validated back to this use through subsequent publication (not researched). •Valid as Cheilodactylus zebra Döderlein 1883 based on status of Goniistius. •Valid as Goniistius zebra (Döderlein 1883) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:200 [ref. 6441], Burridge & White 2000:436 et seq. [ref. 24553], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:913 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:913 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:144 [ref. 31256], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius zebra (Döderlein 1883). Latridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zebroides, Goniistius Tanaka [S.] 1915:347, Pl. 93 (fig. 298) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 20; ref. 6036] Wakayama market, Kii Province, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 4299. Paratypes: ZUMT 4300 (1). Plate (in v. 19) is mistakenly labeled as Goniistius zebra. Latridae. Habitat: marine.

zonatus, Cheilodactylus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:365, Pl. 129 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Japan. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5140 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:10 [ref. 15502]. Mentioned in Cuvier 1829:177 [ref. 995] as new name for Labrus japonicus Tilesius, but with reference to Les Cheilodactyles Lacép. and not to the genus Cheilodactylus. •Valid as Cheilodactylus zonatus Cuvier 1830 -- (Sadovy & Cornish 2000:160 [ref. 25480]). •Valid as Goniistius zonatus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:200 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:145 [ref. 26476], Burridge & White 2000:436 et seq. [ref. 24553], Matsumoto 2000:411 [ref. 25121], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:913 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:913 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:360, 629 [ref. 26218], Motomura et al. 2010:145 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2015:26 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36401], Ludt et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36635]). Current status: Valid as Goniistius zonatus (Cuvier 1830). Latridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.