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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Linophrynidae: [ 48 ] records


algibarbata, Linophryne Waterman [T. H.] 1939:85, Figs. 3-4 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 85 (no. 3); ref. 17229] Western North Atlantic, 39°06'N, 70°16'W, closing net at depth of 400 meters over 2860 meters. Holotype (unique): MCZ 35066. •Valid as Linophryne algibarbata Waterman 1939 -- (Bertelsen 1980:237 [ref. 8742], Scott & Scott 1988:252 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:230 [ref. 14674], Stearn & Pietsch in Okamura et al. 1995:141 [ref. 22531], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Pietsch 2009:508 [ref. 30766], Møller et al. 2010:47 [ref. 31169], Carneiro et al. 2019:220 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne algibarbata Waterman 1939. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

andersoni, Linophryne Gon [O.] 1992:139, Figs. 1-5 [Micronesica v. 25 (no. 2); ref. 21478] Northeast of the Line Islands, 11°49'N, 144°51'W, depth 0 to 50 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 24512. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne andersoni Gon 1992 -- (Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Pietsch 2009:492 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne andersoni Gon 1992. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Southeast of Hawaiian Islands (one specimen). Habitat: marine.

apogon, Borophryne Regan [C. T.] 1925:564 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 91); ref. 3677] Gulf of Panama, 7°15'N, 78°54'W, Dana station 1209, about 1750 meters (3000 meters wire out). Lectotype: ZMUC P92147. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1925.8.11.2-3 (2); ZMUC P92165 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:98 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Bertelsen 1951:194 [ref. 287]. •Valid as Borophryne apogon Regan 1925 -- (De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:209 [ref. 24545], De la Cruz-Agüero 1998:847 [ref. 24502], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Pietsch 2009:486 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Borophryne apogon Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Eastern tropical Pacific. Habitat: marine.

arborifer, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] 1925:564 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 91); ref. 3677] Central Atlantic, 14°52'N, 28°04'W, Dana station 1161, depth about 200 meters (600 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92139. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Linophryne arborifera Regan 1925 -- (Maul 1973:676 [ref. 7171], Bertelsen 1980:50 [ref. 6927], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:108 [ref. 6441], Paulin et al. 1989:138 [ref. 24556], Bertelsen 1990:517 [ref. 15724], Stewart & Pietsch 1998:29 [ref. 23378], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Pietsch 2009:496 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:220 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne arborifera Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Atlantic and ? Pacific. Habitat: marine.

arcturi, Diabolidium Beebe [W.] 1926:80, Fig. [Bulletin of the New York Zoological Society v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 244] Gulf of Panama, 60 miles south of Cocos Island, 4°50'N, 87°00'W, depth 514-900 fathoms. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 46505 [ex NYZS 6144 and vial 6333]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:132 [ref. 20648]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne arcturi (Beebe 1926) -- (Bertelsen 1990:518 [ref. 15724], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Pietsch 2009:499 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:220 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne arcturi (Beebe 1926). Linophrynidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic; eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

argyresca, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:108, Pl. 10 (fig. 3); Fig. 167-168 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Indian Ocean, 5°18'N, 90°55'E, Dana station 3904, depth about 1750 meters (3500 meters wire out). Holotype: ZMUC P92142. Additional material: (1, parasitic male on holotype). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. Regarded as a single specimen with a parasitic male attached; if regarded as 2 specimens, the female was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:137 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Linophryne argyresca Regan & Trewavas 1932 -- (Bertelsen 1982:54 [ref. 288], Pietsch 2009:502 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne argyresca Regan & Trewavas 1932. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean (1 female). Habitat: marine.

bicornis, Linophryne Parr [A. E.] 1927:9, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 3366] Near Bermuda, 32°19'N, 64°32'W, 2500 meters of wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2030. •Valid as Linophryne bicornis Parr 1927 -- (Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Pietsch 2009:507 [ref. 30766], Møller et al. 2010:47 [ref. 31169], Kenchington et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne bicornis Parr 1927. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic; southeastern Indian Ocean (1 specimen). Habitat: marine.

bipennata, Linophryne Bertelsen [E.] 1982:71, Figs. 9, 13 [Steenstrupia v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 288] Java Trench, 11°56'07"S, 115°22'02"E [or 12°05.9'S, 115°26.2'E], depth 0-2000 meters. Holotype (unique): SIO 61-31. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne bipennata Bertelsen 1982 -- (Pietsch 1999:2037 [ref. 24766], Pietsch 2009:503 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne bipennata Bertelsen 1982. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Western Pacific (1 specimen). Habitat: marine.

brevibarbata, Linophryne Beebe [W.] 1932:94, Fig. 26-27 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16099] 9 miles southeast of Nonsuch Island, Bermuda, 32°12'N, 64°36'W, depth 0 to 900 fathoms [1647 meters]. Holotype: USNM 170947 [ex NYZS 11656]. Paratypes: USNM 170948 [ex NYZS 18535] (1, c&s). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne brevibarbata Beebe 1932 -- (Bertelsen 1980:59 [ref. 6927], Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1410 [ref. 13677], Swinney 1995:57 [ref. 22647], Swinney 1995:45 [ref. 37293], Santos et al. 1997:65 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:861 [ref. 23897], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Hartel et al. 2008:327 [ref. 29890], Pietsch 2009:493 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:220 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne brevibarbata Beebe 1932. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brevibarbis, Linophryne Parr [A. E.] 1927:7, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 3366] Near Bermuda, 32°24'N, 64°29'W, 10000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2001. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:14 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Linophryne macrodon Regan 1925 -- (Bertelsen 1982:76 [ref. 288], Pietsch 2009:505 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Linophryne macrodon Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

cheloniae, Allector Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:228, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Between Clipperton Island and Galápagos Islands (stomach content of a turtle). Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6342. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:148 [ref. 12291]. •Early metamorphic female, genus Linophryne, subgenus Rhizophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:497 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

coronata, Linophryne Parr [A. E.] 1927:13, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 3366] Off Samana Cay, Bahamas, 22°42'N, 74°23'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2005. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:14 [ref. 16741]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne coronata Parr 1927 -- (Bertelsen 1982:56 [ref. 288], Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1411 [ref. 13677], Scott & Scott 1988:252 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:230 [ref. 14674], Bertelsen 1990:518 [ref. 15724], Stearn & Pietsch in Okamura et al. 1995:142 [ref. 22531], Swinney 1995:45 [ref. 37293] as aff. coronata, Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Bañón et al. 2006:385 [ref. 29113], Hartel et al. 2008:327 [ref. 29890], Pietsch 2009:499 [ref. 30766], Bañon et al. 2010:12 [ref. 31029] as Lynophryne, Møller et al. 2010:47 [ref. 31169], Bañón et al. 2016:318 [ref. 34397], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne coronata Parr 1927. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Atlantic; northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

corymbifera, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:110, Pl. 10 (fig. 1); Fig. 169-170 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Sulawesi, Sea, 1°33'N, 120°44'E, Dana station 3791, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92143. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Linophryne indica (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen 1981:1 [ref. 19277], Mundy 2005:277 [ref. 28379], Pietsch 2009:489 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Linophryne indica (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

densiramus, Linophryne Imai [S.] 1941:247, Figs. 14-17 [Japanese Journal of Zoology v. 9 (no. 2, art. 14); ref. 13244] Suruga Bay, about 35°00'N, 138°30'E, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 55032 (poor condition). •Valid as Linophryne densiramus Imai 1941 -- (Bertelsen 1980:55 [ref. 6927], Paxton et al. 1989:296 [ref. 12442], Shinohara et al. 1996:173 [ref. 26605], Stewart & Pietsch 1998:29 [ref. 23378], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:862 [ref. 23897], Pietsch 1999:2037 [ref. 24766], Nakabo 2000:471 [ref. 25086], Anderson & Leslie 2001:27 [ref. 26165], Nakabo 2002:471 [ref. 26001], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Pietsch 2009:494 [ref. 30766], Parin et al. 2014:188 [ref. 33547], Stewart & Pietsch 2015:939 [ref. 34271]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne densiramus Imai 1941. Linophrynidae. Distribution: All oceans, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Nannoceratias Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:112, Fig. 172 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Atlantic, 7°34'S, 8°48'W, Dana station 3998, depth about 2500 meters (5000 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92141. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:100 [ref. 9588]. Family placement uncertain. •Free living male, genus Linophryne, subgenus Rhizophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:497 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

digitopogon, Linophryne Balushkin [A. V.] & Trunov [I. A.] 1988:62, Fig. [Biologiya Morya (Vladivostok) 1988 (no. 6); ref. 17640] Off Hondeklipbaai, South Africa, 30°38'S, 14°50'E, depth 0-920 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 48199. •Valid as Linophryne digitopogon Balushkin & Trunov 1988 -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:377 [ref. 21953], Anderson & Leslie 2001:28 [ref. 26165]). •Synonym of Linophryne lucifera Collett 1886 -- (Pietsch 2009:501 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Linophryne lucifer Collett 1886. Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

diphlegma, Linophryne coronata Parr [A. E.] 1934:54, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 4 (art. 6); ref. 3375] Caribbean Sea, 25°39'N, 77°18'W, Atlantis station 1478, depth 1050-1100 meters. Holotype (unique): YPM 3207. •Synonym of Linophryne coronata Parr 1927 -- (Bertelsen 1982:56 [ref. 288], Pietsch 2009:500 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Linophryne coronata Parr 1927. Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

dolichonema, Acentrophryne Pietsch [T. W.] & Shimazaki [M.] 2005:248, Fig. 2 [Copeia 2005 (no. 2); ref. 28236] Off Peru, 8°10.6' to 11.9'S, 80°32.0'-32.4'W, bottom depth 1061-1105 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 175257. Paratypes: HUMZ 167353 (1), 189134 (1). Males unknown. •Valid as Acentrophryne dolichonema Pietsch & Shimazaki 2005 -- (Pietsch 2009:485 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Acentrophryne dolichonema Pietsch & Shimazaki 2005. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific off Peru (3 specimens). Habitat: marine.

edentula, Aceratias Beebe [W.] 1932:102, Fig. 31 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16099] 13 miles south-southeast of Nonsuch Island, Bermuda, 32°12'N, 64°36'W, depth 1000 fathoms (1830 meters). Holotype (unique): USNM 170951 [ex NYZS 20571, not 20751] (c&s). Type catalog: Mead 1958:131 [ref. 20648]. •Free-living male in Linophryne, subgenus Linophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:509 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

escaramosa, Linophryne Bertelsen [E.] 1982:69, Figs. 8, 13 [Steenstrupia v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 288] Off Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, 21°20'-30'N, 158°20'-30'W, depth 500-1200 meters, oblique tow. Holotype (unique): LACM 42296-1. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne escaramosa Bertelsen 1982 -- (Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Pietsch 2009:503 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne escaramosa Bertelsen 1982. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands (1 specimen). Habitat: marine.

eupogon, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:110 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Near Bermuda, 32°19'N, 64°32'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2029. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:14-15 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Linophryne arborifera Regan 1925 -- (Bertelsen 1980:50 [ref. 6927], Bertelsen 1990:517 [ref. 15724], Pietsch 2009:496 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Linophryne arborifera Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

hudsonius, Haplophryne Beebe [W.] 1929:23, Figs. 2-5 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 15885] Hudson Gorge, western Atlantic, 39°15'N, 72°00'W, depth 600 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 170954 [ex NYZS 7696] (c&s). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. Appeared without description in Beebe 1929:19 [ref. 15884]. •Free-living male in Linophryne, subgenus Linophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:509 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Aceratias macrorhinus Brauer [A.] 1902:297 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 25 (no. 668); ref. 631] East of Seychelles, Indian Ocean, 2°43'S, 61°12'E, Valdivia station 230, depth 1500 meters. Lectotype: ZMB 17715. Paralectotypes: (1, whereabouts unknown) Valdivia station 223 Chagos Archipelago. Lectotype selected by Bertelsen 1981:3 [ref. 19277]. •Valid as Linophryne indica (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen 1981:1 [ref. 19277], Paxton et al. 1989:296 [ref. 12442], Shinohara et al. 1996:173 [ref. 26605], Pietsch 1999:2037 [ref. 24766], Nakabo 2000:471 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:471 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Paxton & Gates 2006:670 [ref. 29007], Pietsch 2009:489 [ref. 30766], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Parin et al. 2014:188 [ref. 33547], Ho & Shao 2019:16 [ref. 37146], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne indica (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Seychelles east to Hawaiian Islands and Gulf of Panama, north to Taiwan and southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

longibarbata, Linophryne Borodin [N. A.] 1930:87 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 11; ref. 16067] North Atlantic, 37°N, 67°12'W, Atlantis station 325, depth 1500 meters. Holotype (unique): MCZ 32307. •Synonym of Linophryne coronata Parr 1927 -- (Bertelsen 1982:56 [ref. 288], Bertelsen 1990:518 [ref. 15724], Pietsch 2009:500 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Linophryne coronata Parr 1927. Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

longidens, Acentrophryne Regan [C. T.] 1926:23, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Danish Dana Expedition 1920-22 in the North Atlantic and the Gulf of Panama, Oceanographical Reports. v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 3679] Gulf of Panama (Pacific), 7°30'N, 79°19'W, Dana station 1203, about 1250 meters (2500 meters wire out), over bottom depth of 2550 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P921981. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:98 [ref. 9588]. Males unknown. •Valid as Acentrophryne longidens Regan 1926 -- (Pietsch & Lavenberg 1980:908 [ref. 6913], Pietsch & Shimazaki 2005:247 [ref. 28236], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Pietsch 2009:484 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Acentrophryne longidens Regan 1926. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific (2 specimens). Habitat: marine.

lucifer, Linophryne Collett [R.] 1886:138, Pl. 15 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1886 (pt 2) (no. 10) (art. 1); ref. 888] Off Madeira, ca. 36°N, 20°W, found floating at surface. Holotype (unique): ZMUO J5560. Type catalog: Pethon 1969:13 [ref. 19268]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne lucifer Collett 1886 -- (Maul 1973:676 [ref. 7171], Bertelsen 1982:51 [ref. 288], Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1411 [ref. 13677], Balushkin & Trunov 1988:63 [ref. 17640], Scott & Scott 1988:253 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:230 [ref. 14674], Stearn & Pietsch in Okamura et al. 1995:143 [ref. 22531], Pietsch 2009:501 [ref. 30766], Møller et al. 2010:47 [ref. 31169], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne lucifer Collett 1886. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic; ?eastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

macracanthus, Edriolychnus Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:104 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Atlantic, Gulf of Panama, and New Caledonia. Syntypes: BMNH 1925.8.11.4 (1), ZMUC P92136 (1) 25°11'N, 20°57'W, ZMUC P92137 (1) 22°43'S, 166°05.8'E. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen 1990:516 [ref. 15724], Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

macrodon, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] 1925:564 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 91); ref. 3677] Gulf of Panama, 6°48'N, 80°33'W, Dana station 1208, depth about 1750 meters (3500 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92144. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:100 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Linophryne macrodon Regan 1925 -- (Bertelsen 1982:76 [ref. 288], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Hartel et al. 2008:327 [ref. 29890], Pietsch 2009:504 [ref. 30766], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne macrodon Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific; northwestern Atlantic; northeastern Atlantic: Azores. Habitat: marine.

macrorhinus, Aceratias Brauer [A.] 1902:296 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 25 (no. 668); ref. 631] Southwest of Congo River mouth, off northern Angola, eastern Atlantic, °31'S, 9°46'E, Valdivia station 73, depth 2000 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17714. See Maul 1973:677 [ref. 7171]. •Free-living male in Linophryne, subgenus Linophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:508 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

maderensis, Linophryne Maul [G. E.] 1961:151, Figs. 30, 31a-b [Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal No. 14 (art. 50); ref. 9364] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic (stomach content). Holotype: MMF 9094. Paratypes: MMF 9911 (1), 15119A (1). •Valid as Linophryne maderensis Maul 1961 -- (Maul 1973:676 [ref. 7171], Bertelsen 1982:73 [ref. 288], Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1412 [ref. 13677], Pietsch 2009:504 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne maderensis Maul 1961. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

masculina, Borophryne Parr [A. E.] 1934:56, Fig. 21 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 4 (art. 6); ref. 3375] Off New Providence Island, Bahamas, 25°39'N, 77°18'W, Atlantis station 1478, depth 0 to 1050-1100 meters. Holotype: YPM 3208. Paratypes: YPM 3235 (1, missing). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15 [ref. 16741]. •Free-living male in Linophryne, subgenus Linophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:509 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

micractis, Cryptolychnus Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:105 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Atlantic, 25°07'N, 19°20'W, Dana station 829, depth about 100 meters (300 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92140. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. Regarded as a unique holotype; second specimen doubtfully included. Family placement uncertain. •Early metamorphic female, genus Linophryne, subgenus Rhizophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:497 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

mollis, Aceratias Brauer [A.] 1902:297 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 25 (no. 668); ref. 631] Central Indian Ocean, Valdivia station 175, depth 2200 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17713. •Valid as Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1408 [ref. 13677], Paxton et al. 1989:296 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:138 [ref. 24556], Bertelsen 1990:516 [ref. 15724], Swinney 1995:56 [ref. 22647], Arruda 1997:128 [ref. 24952], Stewart & Pietsch 1998:30 [ref. 23378], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:860 [ref. 23897], Pietsch 1999:2037 [ref. 24766], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Paxton & Gates 2006:669 [ref. 29007], Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766], Møller et al. 2010:47 [ref. 31169], Fricke et al. 2011:368 [ref. 31242], Stewart & Pietsch 2015:938 [ref. 34271], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:220 [ref. 37250], Kenchington et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37729]). Current status: Valid as Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

parini, Linophryne Bertelsen [E.] 1980:234, Fig. 1 [Steenstrupia v. 6 (no. 15); ref. 8742] East coast of South Africa, 33°41'06"S, 27°26'E, depth 0 to 1200-1220 meters, bottom trawl. Holotype (unique): IOM uncat. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne parini Bertelsen 1980 -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:377 [ref. 21953], Anderson & Leslie 2001:28 [ref. 26165], Pietsch 2009:492 [ref. 30766], Prokofiev 2014:383 [ref. 33470], Ho et al. 2016:292 [ref. 34483]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne parini Bertelsen 1980. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: off South Africa (1 specimen) and Somali Basin (1 specimen); western Indian Ocean (Java). Habitat: marine.

parri, Hyaloceratias Koefoed [E.] 1944:16 [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 2, no. 1); ref. 2651] North Atlantic. Syntypes: ZMUB 4279 (1), 4280 (4), 4281 (1), 4282 (1), 4283 (2), 4284 (1), 4307 (1). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:151 [ref. 21547]. •In part, status uncertain in Haplophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:481 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

paucidens, Cryptolychnus Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:105, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Gulf of Guinea, 2°49'30"S, 9°25'30"W, depth 0-1000 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1930.1.12.1078. •Metamorphosing female, genus Linophryne, subgenus Linophryne -- (Pietsch 2009:509 [ref. 30766]). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

pennibarbata, Linophryne Bertelsen [E.] 1980:45, Figs. 4A, 5A, 6, 7 [Steenstrupia v. 6 (no. 6); ref. 6927] Off Florida, U.S.A., 29°58'N, 80°10'W, depth 0 to 325 meters, bottom trawl. Holotype: USNM 219854. Paratypes: IOS Discovery 7089-14 (1); BMNH 1999.4.23.2 [ex 7836-1] (1); USNM 219855 (1), 219856 (orig. 1, now 0), 219857 (1); ZMUC [ex USNM 219856] (1). Tentatively referred (not types): SIO 68-483 (1), MCZ 49818 (1), LACM 32740-5 (1), IOS (1). Specimens tentatively referred are not considered types. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne pennibarbata Bertelsen 1980 -- (Bertelsen 1990:518 [ref. 15724], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Mundy 2005:277 [ref. 28379], Pietsch 2009:495 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne pennibarbata Bertelsen 1980. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic; North Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

polypogon, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] 1925:565 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 91); ref. 3677] North Atlantic, 33°26'N, 16°59'W, about 2500 meters (5000 meters of wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92145. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:100 [ref. 9588]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne polypogon Regan 1925 -- (Maul 1973:676 [ref. 7171], Bertelsen 1980:243 [ref. 8742], Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1412 [ref. 13677], Pietsch 2009:505 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne polypogon Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic; western Pacific: East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

quinqueramosus, Linophryne Beebe [W.] & Crane [J.] 1947:174, Pl. 3 (fig. 5); Fig. 17 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 31 (pt 4, no. 11); ref. 6539] 24 miles southwest of Pinas Pt., Panama (Pacific), 7°24'N, 78°35'W, depth 500 fathoms [915 meters]. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 46506 [ex NYZS 28709]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. Linophryne is feminine, so the correct spelling is Quinqueramosa. •Valid as Linophryne quinqueramosa Beebe & Crane 1947 -- (Bertelsen 1980:241 [ref. 8742] with emended spelling, Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Pietsch 2009:493 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne quinqueramosa Beebe & Crane 1947. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific (1 specimen). Habitat: marine.

racemifera, Linophryne Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:108, Pl. 10 (fig. 2); Figs. 165-166 [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Western North Atlantic, 24°36.5'N, 17°27'W, Dana station 4009, depth about 2000 meters (4000 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92146. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:100 [ref. 9588]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne racemifera Regan & Trewavas 1932 -- (Bertelsen 1982:80 [ref. 288], Bertelsen 1990:518 [ref. 15724], Swinney 1995:57 [ref. 22647], Swinney 1995:46 [ref. 37293], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Pietsch 2009:506 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne racemifera Regan & Trewavas 1932. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Atlantic; eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

radians, Edriolychnus Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:104, Fig. 164a; Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Atlantic, 23°26'S, 3°56'E, Dana station 3980, depth about 1500 meters (3000 meters wire out). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P92138. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen 1990:516 [ref. 15724], Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

roulei, Edriolychnus Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1932:105, Fig. 64B [Dana Report No. 2; ref. 3682] Atlantic, between Madeira and Azores Islands, depth 0 to 3500 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM. Based on a female described by Roule & Angel 1930:122, Pl. 6 [ref. 6884]. •Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen 1990:516 [ref. 15724], Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

schmidti, Edriolychnus Regan [C. T.] 1925:398, Figs. 8-9 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B - Biological Sciences v. 97 (no. B684); ref. 3678] Western Atlantic, 13°47'N, 61°26'W, depth about 2250 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P92135 (female). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P92135 (parasitic male). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:99 [ref. 9588]. The female designated the lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1518 [ref. 23416]; both the female and the parasitic male are considered types. •Valid as Edriolychnus schmidti Regan 1925 -- (Maul 1973:676 [ref. 7171], Pequeño 1989:44 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:230 [ref. 14674]). •Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1408 [ref. 13677], Bertelsen 1990:516 [ref. 15724], Mundy 2005:276 [ref. 28379], Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

sexfilis, Linophryne Bertelsen [E.] 1973:65, Fig. 1 [Steenstrupia v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 7556] North Atlantic, northeast of Canary islands, 30°04'N, 23°00'W, Discovery station 7856-50, depth 1250-1000 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1976.11.4.1 [ex Inst. Ocean Sci.]. Males unknown. •Valid as Linophryne sexfilis Bertelsen 1973 -- (Bertelsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1413 [ref. 13677], Pietsch 2009:502 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne sexfilis Bertelsen 1973. Linophrynidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

simus, Haplophryne Borodin [N. A.] 1930:285 [Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 5; ref. 16068] North Atlantic, Atlantic station 319, 34°50'N, 64°20'W, depth 0 to 1500 meters. Holotype (unique): MCZ 32308. •Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Habitat: marine.

spiniceps, Photocorynus Regan [C. T.] 1925:393, Figs. 6-7 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B - Biological Sciences v. 97 (no. B684); ref. 3678] Gulf of Panama (Pacific), 7°15'N, 78°54'W, depth about 1250 meters, 2500 meters wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P92134. Paratypes: BMNH 1925.8.11.1 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:100 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Photocorynus spiniceps Regan 1925 -- (Bertelsen 1990:519 [ref. 15724], Swinney 1995:57 [ref. 22647], Pietsch 2003:1070 [ref. 27014], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:202 [ref. 28944], Pietsch 2009:480 [ref. 30766], Pietsch 2016:2076 [ref. 34597], Carneiro et al. 2019:221 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Photocorynus spiniceps Regan 1925. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Circumglobal (scattered localities). Habitat: marine.

trewavasae, Linophryne Bertelsen [E.] 1978:26, Figs. 1-2 [Steenstrupia v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 8955] Banda Sea, 5°04.5'S, 130°12.0'E, Alpha Helix station 84. Holotype: LACM 36116-5. Paratypes: LACM 36046-11 (1, parasitic male attached to holotype). •Valid as Linophryne trewavasae Bertelsen 1978 -- (Pietsch 1999:2037 [ref. 24766], Pietsch 2009:506 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Valid as Linophryne trewavasae Bertelsen 1978. Linophrynidae. Distribution: Western Pacific (holotype and parasitic male). Habitat: marine.

triregium, Haplophryne Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:236 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] Three Kings Islands, New Zealand, Terra Nova station 127, surface. Syntypes: BMNH 1916.3.20.184-185 (2). New name for Haplophryne mollis of Regan 1916, Terra Nova Zool. v. 1 (no. 4), p. 148, Pl. 10 (fig. 2). •Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902) -- (Pietsch 2009:482 [ref. 30766]). Current status: Synonym of Haplophryne mollis (Brauer 1902). Linophrynidae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.