Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2020

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Lophiidae: [ 61 ] records


abdituspinus, Lophiodes Ni [Y.], Wu [H.-L.] & Li [S.] 1990:341 (English p. 343), Fig. [Journal of Fisheries of China v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 19499] South China Sea, 20°22'N, 115°52'E to 20°22'05"N, 115°57'05"E, depth 665-649 meters. Holotype (unique): SCSFRI D-2583. •Valid as Lophiodes abdituspinus Ni, Wu & Li 1990 -- (Ho & Shao 2008:367 [ref. 29894]). •Synonym of Lophiodes infrabrunneus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Ho et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30613], Ho et al. 2011:1722 [ref. 31638]). •Synonmy of Lophiodes triradiatus (Lloyd 1909) -- (Ho et al. 2014:587 [ref. 33265]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes triradiatus (Lloyd 1909). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

aculeatus, Lophius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:496 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cornwall, England. No types known. •Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

americanus, Lophius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:380 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Northwestern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4653. Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:136 [ref. 6339]. •Valid as Lophius americanus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Smith 1986:400 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:86 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:235 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:228 [ref. 14674], Murdy et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23144], Caruso in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:264 [ref. 26158], Everly 2002:393 [ref. 26185], Caruso 2003:1046 [ref. 27013], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:95 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:97 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:38, 187 [ref. 36199]). Current status: Valid as Lophius americanus Valenciennes 1837. Lophiidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Lophius Montin [L.] 1779:187, 195, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 40 (for 1779); ref. 17787] No types known. Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

beroe, Lophiodes Caruso [J. H.] 1981:542, Fig. 13A [Copeia 1981 (no. 3); ref. 5169] Western North Atlantic, 24°24'N, 80°00'W, depth 730-860 meters. Holotype: USNM 213622. Paratypes: FMNH 77275 (1), 77286 (1); USNM 213625 (1), 213650 (1). Additional material: FMNH 77281 (1); MCZ 40923 (1); USNM 116967 (1), 213620 (1), 213623 (1), 213630 (1), 213633-35 (2, 1, 1), 213644 (1), 215000 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:53 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Lophiodes beroe Caruso 1981 -- (Cervigón 1992:349 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:829 [ref. 23897], Caruso 2003:1048 [ref. 27013], Caruso et al. 2007:1021 [ref. 29075]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes beroe Caruso 1981. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

borlasii, Lophius Couch [J.] 1838:38 [A Cornish fauna, being a compendium of the natural history of the county; ref. 18049] Borlase, Fort Cornwall, England. No types known. Very brief description and a reference to Boralase's Hist. of Cornwall. Lophiidae.

bruchius, Lophiodes Caruso [J. H.] 1981:539, Fig. 13B [Copeia 1981 (no. 3); ref. 5169] North of Maui Island, Hawaiian Islands, 21°03.5'N, 156°29.1'W, depth 274-318 meters. Holotype: USNM 213714. Paratypes: TU 94331-32 (3, 2); USNM 213713 (4). Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:67 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Lophiodes bruchius Caruso 1981 -- (Mundy 2005:262 [ref. 28379], Ho & Shao 2008:371 [ref. 29894], Ho et al. 2011:1733 [ref. 31638], Ho et al. 2016:81 [ref. 35218], Sonoyama et al. 2020:31 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes bruchius Caruso 1981. Lophiidae. Distribution: Pacific: Indonesia; Kyushu-Palau Ridge to Japan; Hawaiian Islands; Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

budegassa, Lophius Spinola [M.] 1807:376 [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10; ref. 18741] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Species name misspelled budecassa by Cuvier 1831:184 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Lophius budegassa Spinola 1807 -- (Monod & Le Danois 1973:660 [ref. 7223], Caruso in Whitehead et al. 1986:1362 [ref. 13677], Caruso 1990:479 [ref. 15499], Leslie & Grant 1991:787 [ref. 19769], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:ix [ref. 21953], Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:55 [ref. 26753], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:120 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:27 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:66 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:58 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:32 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:184 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:513 [ref. 33910], Caruso 2016:2048 [ref. 34596], Martins & Carneiro 2018:102 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:212 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:49 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Lophius budegassa Spinola 1807. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Senegal, including Azores. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caulinaris, Lophiomus Garman [S.] 1899:79 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] 7°40'N, 79°17'50"W, Alabatross station 3387, depth 127 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28737. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28736 (1). Lectotype selected by Caruso 1981:535 [ref. 5169]. •Valid as Lophiodes caulinaris (Garman 1899) -- (Caruso 1981:535 [ref. 5169], Lea et al. 1984:250 [ref. 10077], Allen & Robertson 1994:81 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López 1994:68 [ref. 23101], Caruso in Fischer et al. 1995:1229 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:210 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:230 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:222 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:95 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:199 [ref. 28944], Page et al. 2013:97 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35676], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36248]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes caulinaris (Garman 1899). Lophiidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Cocos and Malpelo islands. Habitat: marine.

cornubicus, Lophius Shaw [G.] 1804:381 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Mount's Bay, Cornwall, UK. No types known. Based on literature sources. Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

crosnieri, Chirolophius (Pyrenophorus) Le Danois [Y.] 1975:77, Figs. 52, 59 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 91; ref. 2732] Off northwestern Madagascar, 12°44'08"S, 48°10'06"E, depth 563-570 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1973-0023. Paratypes: MNHN 1973-0024 to 0026 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:135 [ref. 6339]. •Synonym of Lophiodes insidiator (Regan 1921) -- (Caruso 1981:527 [ref. 5169], Caruso 1986:364 [ref. 6290]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes insidiator (Regan 1921). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

digitatus, Lophius Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Ferguson) 1788:15 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] King Road, near Bristol, United Kingdom. No types known. Based on Ferguson 1763:170, Pl. 13 [ref. 30226]. •Valid as Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

endoi, Lophiodes Ho [H.-C.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2008:368, Figs. 1, 2, 3a, 4a, 5a, 6a [Ichthyological Research v. 55; ref. 29894] Nan-fanag-ao, Su-ao, northeastern Taiwan, northwestern Pacific, depth 280-310 meters. Holotype: ASIZP 63175. Paratypes: many at AMS, ASIZP, BSKU, HUMZ, NMV. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:37 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Lophiodes endoi Ho & Shao 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:37 [ref. 31432], Ho et al. 2011:1734 [ref. 31638], Ho et al. 2016:81 [ref. 35218]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes endoi Ho & Shao 2008. Lophiidae. Distribution: Indonesia, Japan, Taiwan, New Caledonia and Australia. Habitat: marine.

europaeus, Lophius Shaw [G.] 1804:379, Pl. 161 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] European Seas. Based on Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758 and other literature sources. •Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eurypterus, Lophius Düben [M. W. von] 1845:111 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 1 (1844); ref. 17421] Norway. Also appeared in Düben & Koren 1846:11 [ref. 21662] and in Düben & Koren 1846:63, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-3) [ref. 17420]. •Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758 -- (Monod & Le Danois 1973:659 [ref. 7223]). Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fergusonis, Lophius Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Ferguson) 1792:496 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] King Road, near Bristol, United Kingdom. No types known. Based on Ferguson 1763:170, Pl. 13 [ref. 30226]. Misspelled ferguson by Lacepède in Anonymous 1798:681 [ref. 24107]. •Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fimbriatus, Lophiodes Saruwatari [T.] & Mochizuki [K.] 1985:299, Fig. 2A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 5800] Wakayama, Pacific coast of central Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 44066. Paratypes: URM-P 8222 (1). •Valid as Lophiodes fimbriatus Saruwatari & Mochizuki 1985 -- (Nakabo 2000:453 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:453 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes fimbriatus Saruwatari & Mochizuki 1985. Lophiidae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

foliatus, Lophius Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:467 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. As a variety of Lophius piscator. Lophiidae.

forbesii, Chirolophius Regan [C. T.] 1913:280 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 12 (no. 69); ref. 14981] Lobos de Tierra Island, Peru, depth 8-10 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1913.7.10.72. •Synonym of Lophiodes caulinaris (Garman 1899) -- (Caruso 1981:535 [ref. 5169], Caruso in Fischer et al. 1995:1229 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes caulinaris (Garman 1899). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

gadicensis, Lophius Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:10 [ref. 17319]. Also appeared in Graells 1887:184 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae.

gadicensis, Lophius Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly unpublished (see Monod 1973:657 [ref. 7193]). See also Lophius gadicensis Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857:24 [ref. 17320]. Species identity from vernacular name 'rape'. •In the synonymy of Halobatrachus didactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Monod 1973:657 [ref. 7193]). •In the synonymy of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae.

gardineri, Sladenia Regan [C. T.] 1908:251, Pl. 32 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Salomon Atoll, Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean [ca. 5°23'S 72°15'E], depth 450 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.281. •Valid as Sladenia gardineri Regan 1908. Current status: Valid as Sladenia gardineri Regan 1908. Lophiidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Salomon Atoll, Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

gastrophysus, Lophius Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1915:Lophiidae p. 2, Fig. on p. 4 and pl. opp. p. 2 [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 17; ref. 3711] Costa do Estago da Guanabara, Brazil. Lectotype: MNRJ 1608A. Paralectotypes: MNRJ 1608 (1 of 2), 1712 (2). Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:399 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1962:9 [ref. 22042]. On p. 578 when continuously paginated. Lectotype selected by Miranda Ribeiro 1953:399 [ref. 12732] [but specimen perhaps not isolated]. •Valid as Lophius gastrophysus Miranda Ribeiro 1915 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:86 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:236 [ref. 25518], Matsuura & Yoneda 1987:360 [ref. 22510], Boschung 1992:78 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:349 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:832 [ref. 23897], Caruso 2003:1047 [ref. 27013], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:64 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:95 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:97 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:119 [ref. 37485], Nión et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Lophius gastrophysus Miranda Ribeiro 1915. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Argentina. Habitat: marine.

gracilimanus, Lophius Alcock [A. W.] 1899:54 [A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep-sea fishes in the Indian Museum; ref. 5114] Off Malabar coast, depth 68-148 fathoms depth, and depth 100 fathoms, vessel Investigator. Lectotype: ZSI 490/1. Paralectotypes: ZSI F488/1-489/1 (2), F672/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:163 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1900: Pl. 29 (fig. 3) [ref. 20536]. Lectotype selected by Caruso 1981:526 [ref. 5169]. •Valid as Lophiodes gracilimanus (Alcock 1899) -- (Caruso 1981:526 [ref. 5169], Caruso 1999:2007 [ref. 24765], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes gracilimanus (Alcock 1899). Lophiidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Lophius Alcock [A. W.] 1889:302 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 58 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 84] Five miles south of Ganjam, Bay of Bengal, Investigator station 43, depth 25 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.11.28.45-46 (2, ex ZSI); MNHN 1890-0341 (1); ZSI F12450-51 (2), 261/1-263/1 (3), 12504 (1), 13216 (1), 413/1 (1) (last 3 lots not seen in 2013; Ho, personal observation). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:163 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46 [ref. 22148], Pietsch et al. 1987:136 [ref. 6339]. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 19 (fig. 3) [ref. 20534]. •Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797) -- (Caruso 1983:13 [ref. 5168], Lindberg et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23547]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

infrabrunneus, Lophiodes Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:202, Pl. 16 (fig. 3), Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1896); ref. 3577] Between Leyte and Mindanao, 10°N, 125°06'45"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5488, depth 772 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 70265. Paratypes: (10) USNM 122281-86 (1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1), 150918 (1). •Valid as Lophiodes infrabrunneus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Caruso 1981:531 [ref. 5169], Paxton et al. 1989:273 [ref. 12442], Caruso 1999:2008 [ref. 24765], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:635 [ref. 28994], Ho et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30613], Ho et al. 2011:1735 [ref. 31638], Fricke et al. 2014:34 [ref. 33932]). •Synonym of Lophiodes triradiatus (Lloyd 1909) -- (Ho et al. 2014:587 [ref. 33265], Ho et al. 2016:82 [ref. 35218]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes triradiatus (Lloyd 1909). Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean (if valid). Habitat: marine.

insidiator, Chirolophius Regan [C. T.] 1921:418 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] 15-20 miles off Umvoti River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 120-130 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1921.3.1.23. Syntypes: BMNH 1921.3.1.24 (1). Lectotype selected by Caruso 1981:527 [ref. 5169]. •Valid as Lophiodes insidiator (Regan 1921) -- (Caruso 1981:527 [ref. 5169], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:269, 377 [ref. 8057], Caruso 1986:364 [ref. 6290], Nakabo 2000:452 [ref. 25086], Youn et al. 2000:254 [ref. 25179], Nakabo 2002:452 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:213, 541 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:419 [ref. 28370], Ho & Shao 2007:23 [ref. 29146], Fricke et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35805], Sonoyama et al. 2020:31 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes insidiator (Regan 1921). Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Record from Japan needs verification. Habitat: marine.

iwamotoi, Lophiodes Ho [H.-C.], Séret [B.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2011:1724, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 79 (no. 7); ref. 31638] 19°17.2'S, 151°35.2'W, Savannah Seamount, 300 km south of Society Islands, depth 706-710 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 95089. Paratypes: NSMT-P 95088 (1), 95090 (1), 95093 (2) •Valid as Lophiodes iwamotoi Ho, Séret & Shao 2011 -- (Ho & Chen 2013:594 [ref. 32758]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes iwamotoi Ho, Séret & Shao 2011. Lophiidae. Distribution: Savannah Seamount, near the Society Islands. Habitat: marine.

japanicus, Chirolophius Kamohara [T.] 1938:75, Fig. 43 [On the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa; ref. 2551] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU (destroyed in 1945). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:9 [ref. 19282]. •Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894) -- (Caruso 1981:538 [ref. 5169]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

kempi, Chirolophius Norman [J. R.] 1935:34, Fig. 12 [Discovery Reports v. 12; ref. 13911] Off Cape Lopez, Gabon. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.5.11.234. •Valid as Lophiodes kempi (Norman 1935) -- (Caruso 1981:531 [ref. 5169], Caruso 1990:479 [ref. 15499], Caruso 2016:2047 [ref. 34596]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes kempi (Norman 1935). Lophiidae. Distribution: Eastern tropical Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

laticephalus, Lophiomus Tanaka [S.] 1918:227 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 30 (no. 356); ref. 17357] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8337 (lost). •Synonym of Lophius litulon (Jordan 1902) -- (Caruso 1983:23 [ref. 5168], Lindberg et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23547]). Current status: Synonym of Lophius litulon (Jordan 1902). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

laticeps, Chirolophius Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:136 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] 58 kilometers northeast of Cape Moreton, Queensland, Australia, 27°10'S, 153°17'E, depth 73 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.2973. For remarks on holotype see Imamura & Hoese 2020:[9] [ref. 37793]. •Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797) -- (Caruso 1983:13 [ref. 5168], Paxton et al. 1989:274 [ref. 12442], Lindberg et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23547], Paxton et al. 2006:635 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

litulon, Lophiomus Jordan [D. S.] 1902:364, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1261); ref. 14883] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 4701. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7749 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:147 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Lophius litulon (Jordan 1902) -- (Caruso 1983:23 [ref. 5168], Sheiko 1983:19 [ref. 37041], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:102 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:271, 378 [ref. 8057], Cheng & Zhou 1997:496 [ref. 26385] dated 1912, Lindberg et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23547], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:452 [ref. 25086], Caruso in Randall & Lim 2000:597 [ref. 25122], Youn et al. 2000:254 [ref. 25179], Shinohara et al. 2001:309 [ref. 25995], Wang et al. 2001:343 [ref. 26566] dated 1912, Nakabo 2002:452 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:213, 541 [ref. 26218], Kharin & Cheblukov 2005:564 [ref. 28367], Shinohara et al. 2005:419 [ref. 28370], Ho & Shao 2007:21 [ref. 29146], Shinohara et al. 2011:41 [ref. 31715], Mukhametov & Orlov 2011:56 [ref. 32453], Shinohara et al. 2014:243 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:184 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Sonoyama et al. 2020:31 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lophius litulon (Jordan 1902). Lophiidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk, Sea of Japan, Korea, northern China, northeastern Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

longicephalus, Lophiomus Tanaka [S.] 1918:227 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 30 (no. 356); ref. 17357] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8338 (lost). •Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797) -- (Caruso 1983:13 [ref. 5168], Lindberg et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23547]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

lugubris, Lophius Alcock [A. W.] 1894:118 [4] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] 13.5 miles north 64° west of Columbo Light House, Sri Lanka, Investigator station 151, depth 142-400 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F13467 (1), 670/1 (1), 671/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:163 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46 [ref. 22148]. On p. 4 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 14 (fig. 1) [ref. 20532]. •Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894) -- (Caruso 1981:538 [ref. 5169]). •Valid as Lophiodes lugubris (Alcock 1894) -- (Ho et al. 2016:83 [ref. 35218], Fricke et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes lugubris (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae. Distribution: South and East Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Wallis and Futuna, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Lophiodes Ho [H.-C.], Séret [B.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2011:1729, Figs. 7-8 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 79 (no. 7); ref. 31638] 7°53.6'S, 140°42.2'W, Eiao, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, depth 600 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2001-0159. Paratypes: 19 specimens at MNHN. •Valid as Lophiodes maculatus Ho, Séret & Shao 2011. Current status: Valid as Lophiodes maculatus Ho, Séret & Shao 2011. Lophiidae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

madagascariensis, Chirolophius lugubris var. Le Danois [Y.] 1975:89, Fig. 56 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 91; ref. 2732] Off Cape St. Vincent, southern Madagascar, depth 650-700 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1974-0063 and 0064 (1, 3). Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:135 [ref. 6339]. Not available, published as a variety after 1960 and therefore infrasubspecific. •In the synonymy of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae.

malabaricus, Chirolophius Samuel [C. T.] 1963:116 [Bulletin of the Department of Marine Biology Oceanogrphy, University of Kerala v. 1; ref. 3406] Kerala coast, southwestern India. Syntypes: Dept. of Oceanogr., Univ of Kerala, India (1) station 196, depth 100 fathoms, (1) station 258, depth 100 fathoms (one type was seen in 2013, Ho, pers. obse.). •Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797) -- (Caruso 1983:13 [ref. 5168], Lindberg et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23547]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

miacanthus, Lophiomus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:691, Fig. 273 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off northwestern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4117, depth 253-282 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51627. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8631 (1), USNM 51700 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:147 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Lophiodes miacanthus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Caruso 1981:541 [ref. 5169], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:187, 356 [ref. 8256], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:102 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:453 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:309 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:453 [ref. 26001], Mundy & Parrish 2004:412 [ref. 27877] as Lophioides, Mundy 2005:262 [ref. 28379], Ho & Shao 2007:26 [ref. 29146], Ho & Shao 2008:371 [ref. 29894], Ho et al. 2011:1736 [ref. 31638], Ho et al. 2016:82 [ref. 35218]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes miacanthus (Gilbert 1905). Lophiidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Hawaiian Ridge, Hawaiian Islands, off Sumatra (Indonesia), Wallis and Futuna Islands, and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

monodi, Chirolophius Le Danois [Y.] 1971:1186, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 42 (no. 6) (for 1970); ref. 864] Off Martinique Island, 15°36'N, 61°13'W, West Indies, Oregon station 5926, depth 500 meters. Holotype: USNM 208343. Paratypes: MNHN 1970-0063 to 0065 (1, 1, 1); USNM 208344 (1). Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:135 [ref. 6339]. •Valid as Lophiodes monodi (Le Danois 1971) -- (Caruso 1981:540 [ref. 5169], Cervigón 1992:349 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:830 [ref. 23897], Caruso 2003:1048 [ref. 27013], Caruso et al. 2007:1021 [ref. 29075], Ho & Shao 2008:371 [ref. 29894]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes monodi (Le Danois 1971). Lophiidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: between 27°N and 7°N. Habitat: marine.

moseleyi, Chirolophius Regan [C. T.] 1903:280 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 63) (art. 34); ref. 3616] North of New Guinea, depth 152 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.522. •Synonym of Lophiodes naresi (Günther 1880) -- (Caruso 1981:530 [ref. 5169], Gomon et al. 1994:282 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes naresi (Günther 1880). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

murrayi, Chirolophius Regan [C. T.] 1903:280 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 63) (art. 34); ref. 3616] Nares harbor, Admiralty Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.523. •Synonym of Lophiodes naresi (Günther 1880) -- (Caruso 1981:530 [ref. 5169], Gomon et al. 1994:282 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes naresi (Günther 1880). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

mutilus, Lophius Alcock [A. W.] 1894:179 [11] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 62 (pt 2, No. 4); ref. 89] Bay of Bengal [eastern Indian Ocean], 15°04'07"N, 80°25'07"E, Investigator station 137, depth 128 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13438. Holotype not seen in 2013 (Ho, pers. obse., 2013/4). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:163 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46-47 [ref. 22148]. On p. 11 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [ref. 20532]. •Valid as Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894) -- (Caruso 1981:538 [ref. 5169], Dor 1984:55 [ref. 29757], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:102 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:267, 376 [ref. 8057], Caruso 1986:364 [ref. 6290], Caruso 1989:1072 [ref. 20126], Paxton et al. 1989:273 [ref. 12442], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:217 [ref. 24016], Gomon et al. 1994:282 [ref. 22532], Fricke 1999:103 [ref. 24106], Caruso 1999:2009 [ref. 24765], Nakabo 2000:453 [ref. 25086], Caruso in Randall & Lim 2000:597 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:309 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:453 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:419 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:635 [ref. 28994], Ho & Shao 2007:27 [ref. 29146], Ho & Shao 2008:371 [ref. 29894], Gomon 2008:362 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:28 [ref. 30213], Ho et al. 2011:1737 [ref. 31638], Ho & Chen 2013:594 [ref. 32758], Larson et al. 2013:53 [ref. 32988], Ho et al. 2016:84 [ref. 35218], Psomadakis et al. 2020:329 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands, and Chesterfield Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

naresi, Lophius Günther [A.] 1880:56, Pl. 25 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Nares harbor, Admiralty Islands, Challenger station 219, depth 152 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.521. Paralectotypes: BMNH. Spelled naresii on plate. Mentioned at top of p. 56 as also occurring in the Philippines. Lectotype established by Regan 1903:279 [ref. 3616]. •Valid as Lophiodes naresi (Günther 1880) -- (Caruso 1981:530 [ref. 5169], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:102 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:273 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:282 [ref. 22532], Caruso 1999:2010 [ref. 24765], Nakabo 2000:452 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:309 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:452 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:419 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:635 [ref. 28994], Ho & Shao 2007:24 [ref. 29146], Gomon 2008:363 [ref. 30616], Ho et al. 2011:1739 [ref. 31638], Ho et al. 2016:80 [ref. 35218]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes naresi (Günther 1880). Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Taiwan and Philippines to New Caledonia and eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

olivaceus, Lophiodes Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:200, Pl. 16 (fig. 2), Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1896); ref. 3577] Off northern Mindanao, 8°37'15"N, 124°36'E, Philippines, Albatross station D5505, depth 220 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 70264. •Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894) -- (Caruso 1981:538 [ref. 5169]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

papillosus, Lophius Weber [M.] 1913:558, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Kai Islands, 5°53.8'S, 132°48.8'E, Siboga station 262, depth 560 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112578 [not 104162]. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:64 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894) -- (Caruso 1981:538). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

parvipinnis, Lophius Cuvier [G.] 1829:251 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] European seas. MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:148 [ref. 6339]. •Synonym of Lophius budegassa Spinola 1807 -- (Monod & Le Danois 1973:660 [ref. 7223], Caruso 1990:479 [ref. 15499]). Current status: Synonym of Lophius budegassa Spinola 1807. Lophiidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

phycoides, Chirolophius (Pyrenophorus) Le Danois [Y.] 1975:82, Fig. 55 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 91; ref. 2732] Madagascar basin, in front of Mt. Ambre, northwestern Madagascar, 12°39'04"S, 48°12'08"E, depth 550 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1974-0062. Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:135-136 [ref. 6339]. •Synonym of Lophiodes insidiator (Regan 1921) -- (Caruso 1981:526 [ref. 5169], Caruso 1986:364 [ref. 6290]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes insidiator (Regan 1921). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

piscatorius, Lophius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:236 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europæo"]; localities include Bordeaux, France, Bay of Biscay; Marseille and Montpellier, France; Genoa, Rome, Naples and Venice, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria. Syntypes: NRM 4553 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:228 [ref. 20707]. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Originally based on multiple species and at least 7 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:63 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:87 [ref. 30349] as Lophius ore cirroso; Rondelet 1554:363 [ref. 30354] as Rana piscatr(ix), Salviani 1558:140, Pl. (p. 139) [ref. 30229] as Rana piscatr(ix), Jonston 1649:37, Pl. 11 (fig. 8) [ref. 30579] as Rana marina sive piscatrix, Charleton 1668:130, 201 [ref. 30580] as Rana piscatrix, Willughby 1686:85 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:29 [ref. 30231] as Rana piscatrix. •Valid as Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758 -- (Monod & Le Danois 1973:659 [ref. 7223], Caruso in Whitehead et al. 1986:1363 [ref. 13677], Santos et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:125 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:55 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:27 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:66 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:58 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:174 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:32 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:42 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Parin et al. 2014:185 [ref. 33547], Bañón et al. 2016:318 [ref. 34397], Caruso 2016:2049 [ref. 34596], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:163 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:103 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:212 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:50 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758. Lophiidae. Distribution: North Atlantic: Greenland; Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea and Iceland south to Mauritania, including Azores. Habitat: brackish, marine.

quinqueradiatus, Lophius (Chirolophius) Brauer [A.] 1906:313 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Northwest of Sumatra, Indonesia and off eastern Africa, depth 296-977 meters. Syntypes: (4) SMF 2133 (1) 5°27.09'S, 39°18.08'E; ZMB 17705; ZMH 8237 (1) station 208. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:421 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894) -- (Caruso 1981:538 [ref. 5196], Caruso 1989:1072 [ref. 20126]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiodes mutilus (Alcock 1894). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

remiger, Sladenia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:199, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1896); ref. 3577] Gulf of Tomini, 0°21'33"N, 121°34'10"E, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5605, depth 647 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 70263. •Valid as Sladenia remiger Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Chave & Mundy 1994:367 [ref. 22375], Caruso 1999:2012 [ref. 24765], Caruso in Randall & Lim 2000:597 [ref. 25122], Mundy 2005:262 [ref. 28379], Ni et al. 2012:212 [ref. 31833], Ho 2015:881 [ref. 34268] as cf. remiger). Current status: Valid as Sladenia remiger Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western and Central Pacific: Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi (Indonesia), Australia, New Caledonia and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Lophiodes Caruso [J. H.] & Suttkus [R. D.] 1979:491, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8840] Gulf of Mexico off Cape San Bals, Florida, Silver Bay station 156, 29°09'N, 85°49'W, depth 183-187 meters. Holotype: USNM 217811. Paratypes: FMNH 45695 (1), 46755-56 (1, 4), 77265 (1); GCRL V68:2531 (1); CAS-SU 49906 (1); TU 2733 (1), 90215 (1), 94027 (3); USNM 157676 (2), 157678 (2), 213632 (5), 213646 (2), 215226 (2); plus additional material. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:53 [ref. 12367], Bart & Taylor 1993:67 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Lophiodes reticulatus Caruso & Suttkus 1979 -- (Caruso 1981:532 [ref. 5169], Uyeno & Aizawa in Uyeno et al. 1983:243 [ref. 14275], Cervigón 1991:186 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:78 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:349 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:831 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Caruso 2003:1049 [ref. 27013], Nelson et al. 2004:95 [ref. 27807], Caruso et al. 2007:1023 [ref. 29075], Page et al. 2013:97 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes reticulatus Caruso & Suttkus 1979. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: between 7° to 30°N. Habitat: marine.

setigerus, Lophius Vahl [M.] 1797:215, Pl. 3 (figs. 5-6) [Skrivter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet Kiøbenhavn v. 4; ref. 17847] China, western Pacific Ocean. Possible syntypes: AMS I.25832-004 (1, skeleton). •Valid as Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797) -- (Caruso 1983:13 [ref. 5168], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:102 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:271, 377 [ref. 8057], Caruso 1986:365 [ref. 6290], Paxton et al. 1989:274 [ref. 12442], Caruso 1989:1072 [ref. 20126], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:632 [ref. 27969], Shinohara et al. 1996:172 [ref. 26605], Chen et al. 1997:187 [ref. 26476], Lindberg et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23547], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Caruso 1999:2011 [ref. 24765], Nakabo 2000:452 [ref. 25086], Caruso in Randall & Lim 2000:597 [ref. 25122], Youn et al. 2000:255 [ref. 25179], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:452 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:213, 541 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Kharin & Cheblukov 2005:565 [ref. 28367], Shinohara et al. 2005:419 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:635 [ref. 28994], Ho & Shao 2007:29 [ref. 29146], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:424 [ref. 31739], Gomon 2008:362 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2011:367 [ref. 31242], Ho et al. 2011:1722 [ref. 31638], Shinohara et al. 2011:41 [ref. 31715], Mukhametov & Orlov 2011:56 [ref. 32453], Ho & Chen 2013:594 [ref. 32758], Larson et al. 2013:53 [ref. 32988], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Parin et al. 2014:184 [ref. 33547], Shinohara et al. 2014:242 [ref. 33330], Psomadakis et al. 2015:173 [ref. 34104], Ho et al. 2016:79 [ref. 35218], Ali et al. 2018:314 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:37 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:33 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:329 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:31 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797). Lophiidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa and Persian Gulf east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to Sea of Japan, south to Shark Bay (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

shaefersi, Sladenia Caruso [J. H.] & Bullis [H. R., Jr.] 1976:60, Fig. [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 5167] Point Baru, Colombia, Caribbean Sea, 10°10'N, 76°14'W, Oregon II station 11242, depth 600 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 214477. Paratypes: USNM 214478 (1). •Valid as Sladenia shaefersi Caruso & Bullis 1976 -- (Cervigón 1992:350 [ref. 23827], Prokofiev & Kukuev 2009:223 [ref. 30172], Pietsch et al. 2014:660 [ref. 33100]). Current status: Valid as Sladenia shaefersi Caruso & Bullis 1976. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea off Colombia, New England Seamont chain, South Carolina and Florida. Habitat: marine.

spilurus, Lophiomus Garman [S.] 1899:77 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] 7°32'N, 78°36'30"W, Albatross station 3396, depth 259 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28739. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28738 (4). Lectotype selected by Caruso 1981:536 [ref. 5169]. •Valid as Lophiodon spilurus (Garman 1899) -- (McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957] but Lophiodes intended?, Page et al. 2013:97 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Lophiodes spilurus (Garman 1899) -- (Caruso 1981:536 [ref. 5169], Lea et al. 1984:250 [ref. 10077], Pequeño 1989:43 [ref. 14125], van der Heiden & González 1990:147 [ref. 19567], Bussing & López S. 1994:68 [ref. 23101], Caruso in Fischer et al. 1995:1230 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:211 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:231 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:222 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:95 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:199 [ref. 28944], Kells et al. 2016:114 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35676], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36248], Burton & Lea 2019:52 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes spilurus (Garman 1899). Lophiidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Chile, including Cocos Island and Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

triradiatus, Lophius Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:166 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Laccadive Sea, 10°08'43"N, 75°33'30"E, Investigator station 259, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F878/1 (poor condition). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:163 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:47 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 45 (figs. 5-5a) [ref. 20539]. •Nomen dubium -- (Caruso 1981:543 [ref. 5169], Ho et al. 2009:67 [ref. 30613]). •Valid as Lophiodes triradiatus (Lloyd 1909) -- (Ho et al. 2014:587 [ref. 33265], Ho et al. 2016:82 [ref. 35218], Psomadakis et al. 2020:329 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lophiodes triradiatus (Lloyd 1909). Lophiidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

upsicephalus, Lophius Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 9 [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.183. •Valid as Lophius upsicephalus Smith 1841 -- (Caruso 1986:365 [ref. 6290], Caruso 2016:2046 [ref. 34596]). •Synonym of Lophius vomerinus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Leslie & Grant 1991:787 [ref. 19769]). Current status: Synonym of Lophius vomerinus Valenciennes 1837. Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

vaillanti, Lophius Regan [C. T.] 1903:285 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 63) (art. 34); ref. 3616] Cape Verde Islands, depth 460-760 meters. Lectotype: BMNH 1890.6.16.12. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1887-0220 to 0221 (2), 1887-0223 (1, poor condition), 1887-0224 (1). Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:136 [ref. 6339]. Lectotype selected by Caruso 1983:26 [ref. 5168]. •Synonym of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758 -- (Monod & Le Danois 1973:660 [ref. 7223], Santos et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23531]). •Valid as Lophius vaillanti Regan 1903 -- (Caruso 1990:480 [ref. 15499], Caruso 2016:2046 [ref. 34596]). Current status: Valid as Lophius vaillanti Regan 1903. Lophiidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola. Habitat: brackish, marine.

viviparus, Lophius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:142, Pl. 32 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Type catalog: Paepke 1999:95 [ref. 24282] with ZMB 2209 as not a type. Unexplained new name for Lophius setigerus Vahl 1797. •Objective synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797) -- (Caruso 1983:13 [ref. 5168], Lindberg et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23547]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl 1797). Lophiidae. Habitat: marine.

vomerinus, Lophius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:381 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8609. Type catalog: Pietsch et al. 1987:136 [ref. 6339]. •Valid as Lophius vomerinus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Caruso 1986:365 [ref. 6290], Leslie & Grant 1991:787 [ref. 19769], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:146 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:120 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lophius vomerinus Valenciennes 1837. Lophiidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

zhui, Sladenia Ni [Y.], Wu [H.-L.] & Li [S.] 2012:211 [English], 213, Figs. 1-3 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 37 (no. 1); ref. 31833] Western North Pacific, 28°09'N, 126°58'E to 28°14'N, 127°01'E, depth 979 meters. Holotype: EERI-E-0709. Paratypes: SFRI-D-1537 (1), SOU-D-2381 (1), EFRI-E-0708 (1). •Valid as Sladenia zhui Ni, Wu & Li 2012 -- (Ho et al. 2016:78, 84 [ref. 35218] as cf. zhui p. 78 and cf. chui p. 84, Matsunuma & Muto 2020:110 [ref. 37517]). Current status: Valid as Sladenia zhui Ni, Wu & Li 2012. Lophiidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: South China Sea and East China Sea; ?Indonesia. Habitat: marine.