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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Lotidae: [ 100 ] records


abyssorum, Gadus Nilsson [S.] 1832:46 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Norway. No types known. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:63 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Brosmius Gill [T. N.] 1863:242 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1687] New name for Brosmius vulgaris of Storer (not Fleming). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

argentata, Motella Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:116 [34] [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] Greenland. Syntypes: ZMUC 132-136 (5). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:57 [ref. 9588]. On p. 34 of separate. Name in list and possibly just a nomen nudum. also appeared in Reinhardt 1836:cx [ref. 6587], possibly as a nomen nudum. •Valid as Onogadus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:704 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Scott & Scott 1988:272 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:120 [ref. 22531], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 153 [ref. 36199], Barros-García et al. 2017:10 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:127 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837). Lotidae. Distribution: North Atlantic to Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

argentea, Hypsiptera Günther [A.] 1860:386 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Open sea. Syntypes: (7) BMNH. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

argenteola, Motella Düben [M. W. von] & Koren [J.] 1846:92 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm for 1844; ref. 17420] Outside Christiansund, western Norway. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

argenteolus, Gadus Montagu [G.] 1818:449 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 2 (Pt. 2, art. 27); ref. 17785] South coast of Devonshire, England. No types known. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

asiatica, Lota lota Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:279 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Several localities in Yakutia, Russia. No types known. Syntypes: (many) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

barbatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:9 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Unexplained new name for Blennius mediterraneus of Lacepède and Gadus mediterraneus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:104 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Gaidropsarus de Buen [F.] 1934:502, Fig. 1 [Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Madrid v. 34; ref. 687] Off Malagueña, Spain, depth 70 fathoms. Holotype (unique): Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. •Synonym of Antonogadus megalokynodon (Kolombatovic 1894) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2019 [ref. 34586]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

biscayensis, Onus Collett [R.] 1890:107 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 15; ref. 18024] Gulf of Gascony, near Cape Finisterre, 46°24'N, 3°35'W, depth 155 meters. Syntypes: MOM 0091-0019 (2, 1 in poor condition), ?0091-0035 (1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544]. •Synonym of Antonogadus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:696 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:64 [ref. 29533], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:29 [ref. 36649], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2019 [ref. 34586], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Lotidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal to Madeira and Morocco [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

borealis, Molvella Kaup [J. J.] 1858:90 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] North Cape [Nordkapp], Norway. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1996-1381. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

brosma, Enchura Minding [J.] 1832:84 [Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte der Fische; ref. 3022] Northern part of North Sea. No types known. Apparently not an original description, but brosme of earlier authors. Lotidae.

brosme, Gadus Ascanius [P.] 1772:7, Pl. 17 [Icones rerum naturalium, ou figures enluminées d'histoire naturelle du Nord; ref. 5115] Denmark. No types known. Also appeared in Müller 1776:41 [ref. 17808]. •Valid as Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Valid as Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:697 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:96 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:262 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:118 [ref. 22531], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:158 [ref. 25013], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:223 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:42 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:36, 113 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:121 [ref. 36370], Carneiro et al. 2019:144 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

brosmiana, Lota Storer [D. H.] 1842:58, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 1) (art. 7); ref. 18833] Winnipissogee Lake, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936] as brosmina, Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

capensis, Lotella Kaup [J. J.] 1858:90, Pl. 13 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] No locality [Cape of Good Hope?]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus capensis (Kaup 1858) -- (Svetovidov 1986:8 [ref. 8033], Cohen 1986:324 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:117 [ref. 28072], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus capensis (Kaup 1858). Lotidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

carpenteri, Onus Günther [A.] 1887:97, Pl. 42 (fig. D) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Between Shetland and Faröe islands, depth 180 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1874.1.10.16. •Synonym of Antonogadus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

caudacuta, Motella Storer [D. H.] 1858:361, Pl. 29 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 6 (pt 2, art. 7); ref. 18849] Long Point, Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared first without clear distinguishing features in Storer 1848:5 [ref. 18842]; later illutrated and described in above reference. •Synonym of Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:316 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen 1990:526 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:38 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

cimbricus, Enchelyopus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:50, Pl. 9 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Gadus cimbrius Linnaeus 1766, which was referred to as "Gadus cimbricus, Linn. n. 16." •In the synonymy of Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Paepke 1999: errata on inside of back cover [ref. 24282]). •In the synonymy of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Lotidae.

cimbrius, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] (ex Strussenfelt) 1766:440 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Kattegat, northwestern Scania, Sweden, western Baltic Sea. No types known. Based on manuscript description by A. M. von Strussenfelt. Also in Strussenfelt 1773:22, Pl. 2, fig. A [ref. 30356] and Strussenfelt 1780:21, pl. 2, fig. A [ref. 30357]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Sometimes placed in the family Gaidropsaridae, such as by Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1015 [ref. 27011]. •Valid as Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:316 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:708 [ref. 13676], Nakabo 2000:414 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:414 [ref. 26001], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577] as cimbricus). •Valid as Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen & Russo 1979 [ref. 6975], Smith 1986:403 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:264 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], Cohen 1990:526 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:38 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:756 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:226 [ref. 26158], Gibson & Myers 2002:134 [ref. 26567], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1015 [ref. 27011], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 145 [ref. 36199], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2018 [ref. 34586], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:125 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Lotidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea, North Sea, northeastern Atlantic: Barents Sea south to Bay of Biscay; northwestern Atlantic: Newfoundland (Canada) and western Greenland south to northern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

communis, Lota Rapp [W. L. von] 1854:172 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 3608] Original not seen. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

communis, Motella Costa [O. G.] 1844:Gadoides p. 17 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Gulf of Salerno, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published 19 July 1844. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

compressus, Gadus Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:84 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (26 Aug.); ref. 17512] Connecticut River, U.S.A. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:263 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

danicus, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Müller) 1788:49 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Norway. No types known. Based on Gadus dipterygius, cirratus, maxilla inferiore longiore ... of Müller 1776:42 [ref. 17808], which was based on the 'Bürkelange' of Strøm 1767:400 [ref. 21098]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

digitata, Lota DeKay [J. E.] 1840:11, 29 [N.Y. Assembly Document 50; ref. 29723] Original not seen. Not available, name only; from New York, U.S.A. Lotidae.

dypterygius, Gadus Pennant [T.] (ex Müller) 1784:lxxvi [Arctic zoology; ref. 18530] [No locality]. No types known. Pennant 1784 proposed name G.[adus] dypterygius and referred to Müller sp. no. 346 where description appeared; therefore, name is available from Pennant 1784 by indication. In Müller 1776:42 [ref. 17808] as "Gadus dipterygius, cirratus..." but not proposed as a binominal and not available. Also not available from Strøm 1767; see Gadus dipterygius Strøm 1767. •Valid as Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784),, subspecies dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Ehrich 1983:140 [ref. 37253]). •Valid as Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:702 [ref. 13676] as dipterygia, McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:63 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:119 [ref. 22531], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:42 [ref. 31169] as dipterygius, Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2027 [ref. 34586] as dipterygia, Mecklenburg et al. 2018:131 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:47 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Region. Habitat: marine.

edwardii, Couchia Couch [J.] 1866:38, 41, Fig. [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 9 (no. 33); ref. 14053] Moray Firth, England. No types known. •Synonym of Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:316 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen 1990:526 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:38 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Gadus Otto [A. W.] 1821:6 [Conspectus animalium quorundam maritimorum; ref. 4987] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Molva dypterygius (Pennant 1784), subspecies macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2028 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

ensis, Motella Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:116 [34] [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] Greenland. Syntypes: ZMUC 125-126 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:57 [ref. 9588]. On p. 34 of separate. Name in list and possibly just a nomen nudum. Also may have appeared in Reinhardt 1836:11 [ref. 6587], possibly as a nomen nudum. •Valid as Onogadus ensis (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:704 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1986:15 [ref. 8033], Scott & Scott 1988:272 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:121 [ref. 22531], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 154 [ref. 36199], Barros-García et al. 2017:10 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:129 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837). Lotidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

exiguus, Brosmius Costa [O. G.] 1829-53:Gadoides p. 21, Pl. 39 (fig. 1) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Cape of Posillipo. Still researching. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Brosmius Lesueur [C. A.] 1819:158, Pl. 16 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5; ref. 12573] Newfoundland Banks, northwestern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

flavesny, Brosmerus Lesueur [C. A.] 1819:158 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5; ref. 12573] Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Lota Perty [J. A. M.] 1832:717 [Isis (Oken) v. 25 (no. 7); ref. 18534] Unneeded new name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Mostella Dralet [É.-F.] 1821:40 [Considérations sur l'histoire naturelle des poissons, sur la pêche et les lois qui la régissent.; ref. 17418] No locality. No types known. Based on Gesner. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fusca, Motella Swainson [W.] 1838:321, Fig. 74 [The natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, & reptiles, or monocardian animals. v. 1; ref. 4302] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also in Swainson 1839:391 [ref. 4303]. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:50 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Iceland seas. Based on Pennant 1784:202, No. 88 [ref. 18530]. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Gadus Risso [A.] 1810:121 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fuscus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:67 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Questionable synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:114 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Uncertain as Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

glauca, Ciliata Couch [J.] 1832:15, Fig. 2 [Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Minerology, Gelology, and Meterology v. 5 (no. 23, art. 4); ref. 5557] Cornwall, England. No types known. See also Couch 1832:741 [ref. 18048]. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

granti, Onus Regan [C. T.] 1903:346 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 31); ref. 3619] Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Lectotype: BMNH 1903.10.22.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1903.10.22.1 (1). Lectotype selected (by Wheeler) in Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus granti (Regan 1903) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:699 [ref. 13676], Svetovidov 1986:7 [ref. 8033], Cohen 1990:527 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Zachariou-Mamalinga 1999:261 [ref. 24296], Bañón et al. 2002:878 [ref. 26949], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Bañon et al. 2010:11 [ref. 31029], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Bañón et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:201 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Carneiro et al. 2019:144 [ref. 37250], Dragičević & Dulčić 2019:646 [ref. 37191], Spinelli & Castriota 2019:88 [ref. 36837], Bañón et al. 2020:[1] [ref. 37645], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus granti (Regan 1903). Lotidae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea: east to Croatia (Adriatic sea); eastern Atlantic: Porcupine Bank (southwest of Ireland); Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Onus Collett [R.] 1890:105 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 15; ref. 18024] Fayal, Azores, northeastern Atlantic, 38°34'N, 28°42'W, station 103, depth 15 meters. Syntypes: (2) MOM 0091-3719 [ex MOM 0091-3906] (now 1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244]. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus guttatus (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:8 [ref. 8033], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:700 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1990:527 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:60 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2022 [ref. 34586], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Barros-García et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35659]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

huntia, Molva Lesueur [C. A.] 1819:161 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5; ref. 12573] Connecticut River, at Northampton, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

inornata, Lota DeKay [J. E.] 1842:283, Pl. 45 (fig. 145) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Hudson River at Lansingburgh, New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): Cabinet of the Albany Inst. (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:263 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

insularum, Gaidropsarus Sivertsen [E.] 1945:8, Fig. 6 [Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938 No. 12; ref. 13091] Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic. Syntypes: (3) ZMUO?. Based on literature sources and specimens. •Valid as Gaidropsarus insularum Sivertsen 1945 -- (Svetovidov 1986:9 [ref. 8033], Cohen 1986:324 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus insularum Sivertsen 1945. Lotidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

jubatus, Gadus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:202 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] "Circa saxosa littora Chersonesi tauricae". •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kamensis, Lota lota Markun [M. I.] 1936:214 [Bulletin de l'Institut des Recherches Biologiques de Perm. v. 10 (pt 6); ref. 13717] Kama River at Okhansk, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kumunikar, Lota Montrouzier [X.] 1857:430 [152] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

labrus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:105 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

lacustris, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:144 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Hudson Bay region, Canada. No types known. See Gilbert 1998:216 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:55 [ref. 35138]). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:262 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Baxter & Stone 1995:207 [ref. 23374], Scott & Crossman 1998:645 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lanceolatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:17 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Nomen oblitum according to Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]. •In the synonymy of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

leptura, Lota lota Hubbs [C. L.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1941:17 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 431; ref. 10913] Kotlik, near one of the mouths of the Yukon River, Norton Sound, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 29916. Paratypes: USNM 76847-48 (134, 69). Additional material: many lots at USNM not specifically listed as types, also UMML 126329-31 (1, 1, 5). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies leptura Hubbs & Schultz 1941 as described -- (Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:747 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:111 [ref. 23589], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:109 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:171 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:948 [ref. 20662], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Sideleva 2001:55 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

linnei, Lota Malm [A. W.] 1877:491 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded replacement name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

linnei, Molva Malm [A. W.] 1877:491 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded replacement name for Gadus molva Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

lota, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:255 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European lakes. Linnaean specimens: LS 37 and 38 (2, left half-skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:37-38 [ref. 20705], and see Wheeler 1991:164-165 [ref. 20102]. North American and eastern Siberian populations are now considered to be Lota maculosa. •Valid as Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Lee et al. 1980:487 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:261 [ref. 22186], Lelek 1987:263 [ref. 22962], Mitrofanov & Dukravec 1989:99 [ref. 37748], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:137 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:214 [ref. 18983], Etnier & Starnes 1993:358 [ref. 22809], Baxter & Stone 1995:206 [ref. 23374], Cross & Collins 1995:171 [ref. 23394], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:164 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:55 [ref. 22798], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Kim 1997:369 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:747 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Scott & Crossman 1998:641 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:275 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:41 [ref. 26594], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Sideleva 2001:55 [ref. 26181], Kim & Park 2002:292 [ref. 25913], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:289 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:210, 540 [ref. 26218], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:164 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:60 [ref. 27894], Alekseyev et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27625], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:170 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:174 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:331 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:56 [ref. 28933], Scharpf 2006:36 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:462 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Bianco & Delmastro 2011:6 [ref. 31648], Page & Burr 2011:420 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Dolgov 2013:917 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547] subspecies lota, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], Afonso et al. 2016:38, 188 [ref. 36199], Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138], Esmaeili et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35254], Romanov et al. 2017:825 [ref. 35687], Esmaeili et al. 2018:58 [ref. 36089], Ćaleta et al. 2019:181 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37535]). Current status: Valid as Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Europe to Asia and North America; northern U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lubb, Gadus Euphrasen [B. A.] 1794:223, Pl. 8 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 15 (for 1794); ref. 17469] Off Bohuslän, Sweden. Spelled lub in Bloch & Schneider. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

lumpenus, Enchelyopus Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:29 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Original not seen. Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Lotidae.

lupus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:27, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Nomen oblitum according to Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]. •In the synonymy of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalma, Motella Günther [A.] 1867:290 [2], Pl. 5 (fig. B) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 118) (art. 37); ref. 14046] Off the Hebrides Islands, North Atlantic, depth 80-90 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.12.3.3. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Antonogadus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:696 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2022 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066], Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Lotidae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: including Azores and Madeira: Mediterranean Sea: northern Adriatic Sea. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:26, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:11 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygius (Pennant 1784), but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:703 [ref. 13676], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952] as microphtalma Pennant 1784 as author, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649] with Svetovidov 1948 as author). •Valid as Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Santos et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23531], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2028 [ref. 34586], Bayhan et al. 2018:[2] 272 [ref. 37040], Martins & Carneiro 2018:47 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810). Lotidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; northeastern Atlantic: Ireland south to Portugal, including Azores. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Onos Risso [A.] 1827:215 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0855. Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]. •Questionably a synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:51 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Gadus Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:83 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (26 Aug.); ref. 17512] Lake Erie, North America. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831] regards the North American population as distinct from Lota lota. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Lelek 1987:263 [ref. 22962], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659]). •Valid as Lota maculosa Lesueur 1817 -- (Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:462 [ref. 29996]). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:262 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Baxter & Stone 1995:207 [ref. 23374], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589], Scott & Crossman 1998:645 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:289 [ref. 25968], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199] as = lacustris, Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: North America and eastern Siberia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

marmorata, Lota Koch [C. L.] 1840:42 [Animalia vertebrata. Fauna Ratisbonensis; ref. 18429] Unneeded new name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mauli, Gaidropsarus Biscoito [M.] & Saldanha [L.] 2018:303, Figs. 2-7, 8b [Zootaxa 4459 (no. 2); ref. 36066] Lucky Strike hydrothermal vent site, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 37°17.32'N, 32°16.51'W, depth 1,685 meters. Holotype: MMF 26955. Paratype: CFC. •Valid as Gaidropsarus mauli Biscoito & Saldanha 2018 -- (Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus mauli Biscoito & Saldanha 2018. Lotidae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, including Azores. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:255 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European Ocean. Holotype (unique): NRM 5631. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:225 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:6 [ref. 8033], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:700 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:175 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:54 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:19 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway and British Isles south to Morocco, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.

megalokynodon, Motella Kolombatović [G.] 1894:32 [O navodima vrsti meci (Cephalopoda) i kraljesnjaka (Vertebrata); ref. 18431] Opposite Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. •Valid as Antonogadus megalokynodon (Kolombatović 1894) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:696 [ref. 13676]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2019 [ref. 34586]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

minor, Couchia Thompson [W.] 1839:411, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 2 (no. 12) (art. 47); ref. 17906] Ireland. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

mola, Lota Moreau [É.] 1881:258 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Moreau); ref. 3040] Apparently a new spelling for Gadus molva Linnaeus, not intended as a new species. •In the synonymy of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae.

molva, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:254 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:32 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:703 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:64 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:71 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:32 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:175 [ref. 26753], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Page et al. 2013:94 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2028 [ref. 34586], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:133 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:46 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; western Mediterranean Sea; North Atlantic, and adjacent Arctic regions. Habitat: marine.

molva, Lota Jenyns [L.] 1835:448 [A manual of British vertebrate animals; ref. 18335] North Atlantic. No types known. Based on literature sources. Apparently not a new species description. Lotidae.

molva, Lota Costa [O. G.] 1844:Gadoides p. 15 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published 19 July 1844. Based, in part, on Gadus cirrhatus Linnaeus (or Gmelin). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

mustela, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:255 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European Ocean. Syntypes: NRM 5625 (1 of the 2 specimens). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:224-225 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1985:37 [ref. 20705]. Spelled mustella by Lacepède 1800:441 [ref. 2709] and Sonnini 1803:267 (vol. 6) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:698 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke 2008:19 [ref. 30182], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Martins & Carneiro 2018:48 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:144 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; northeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mustelinus, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:140 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Baltic Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

mustellaris, Gaidropsarus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:11, 51 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

novaezealandiae, Motella Hector [J.] 1874:107, Pl. 18 (fig. 76b) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 6 (for 1873) (art. 22); ref. 18267] Cape Campbell, Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.991 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. Original as novae zealandiae. •Valid as Gaidropsarus novaezealandiae (Hector 1874) -- (Svetovidov 1986:10 [ref. 8033], Paxton et al. 1989:307 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:122 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936] as novaezelandiae, Paulin & Roberts 1992:62 [ref. 24625], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:117 [ref. 28072], Paxton et al. 2006:624 [ref. 28994], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Struthers 2015:875 [ref. 34261], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus novaezealandiae (Hector 1874). Lotidae. Distribution: Southwest Pacific Ocean: Tasmania and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

obensis, Lota vulgaris var. Anikin [V. P.] 1902:108 [Izvestiya Tomskogo Imperatorslago Universiteta v. 22; ref. 19629] Ob River, Siberia, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZMTU uncat. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

onegensis, Lota lota infra. Mel'yantsev [I. F.] 1948:96 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (no. 3) (1947); ref. 21763] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Onega. •In the synonymy of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:944 [ref. 20662], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae.

pacifica, Motella Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:249 [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3444. Type information: Boeseman 1947:181 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Balushkin 2009:723 [ref. 31014]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus pacificus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Choi et al. 2003:210, 540 [ref. 26218], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus pacificus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Lotidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

pakhorukovi, Gaidropsarus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1995:533, Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 35 (no. 4); ref. 22657] Southwestern Atlantic, Rio Grande Rise, 31°15'S, 34°51'W, depth 690 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-18410. •Valid as Gaidropsarus pakhorukovi Shcherbachev 1995 -- (Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Balushkin 2009:723, 726 [ref. 31014], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus pakhorukovi Shcherbachev 1995. Lotidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

parini, Gaidropsarus Svetovidov [A. N.] 1986:10, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8033] Nazca Seamount, 23°36'S, 83°30'W, eastern Pacific, depth 310 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47302. Paratypes: ZIN 47302a (1, skeleton). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus parini Svetovidov 1986 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1995:534 [ref. 22657], Balushkin 2009:723 [ref. 31014], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus parini Svetovidov 1986. Lotidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca Ridge. South Atlantic Ocean [ref. 35447]. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] (ex Cupani) 1810:26 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on the "Mustela sicula" of Cupani 1713:Pl. 72 [= Pl. 643] [ref. 37141]. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:12 [ref. 3595] in account of Onus mustellus. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:115 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

quinquecirrhatus, Gadus Cuvier [G.] 1816:216 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] No locality [Britain]. Based on "..Penn. Brit. Zool. pl. 33, nommé mal à propos mustela per Bloch et Gmel." Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

raii, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:171 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Norwegan Sea. No types known. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

raptor, Gadus Nilsson [S.] 1832:46 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Sweden? •Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:64 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

reinhardi, Motella Collett [R.] (ex Krøyer) 1879:83, 87 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1878) No. 14; ref. 885] Bear Island, Barents Sea. •Synonym of Onogadus argentatus (Reinhardt 1838) -- (Svetovidov 1973:320 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:704 [ref. 13676]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Onos Gill [T. N.] 1883:259 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 39°41'N, 69°20'20"W, Albatross station 2051, depth 1106 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 33297. •Synonym of Onogadus ensis (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169]). •Synoym of Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

scotica, Brosmius Swainson [W.] 1839:301 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Pennant 1769, Brit. ZOol. iii.pl. 37 [ref. 18527]. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

sellai, Onos Cipria [G.] 1938:3, Pl. 1 [Note dell'Istituto italo-germanico di biologia marina di Rovigno d'Istria = Notizen des Deutsch-Italienischen Institutes für Meeresbiologie in Rovigno d'Istria v. 2 (no. 10); ref. 17183] Gulf of Rovigno, Istria, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Holotype (unique): not researched. Also in Cipria 1939:10 (Mem. R. Com. Talassogr. Ital. 263). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

septentrionalis, Motella Collett [R.] 1875:82 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 85) (art 12); ref. 18019] Florö, western Norway, depth 38-95 meters. Lectotype: ZMUO J5052. Paralectotypes: ZMUO J5053 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268]. Also in Collett 1875:117, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [ref. 884] and spelled septemtrionalis. Lectotype figured in Collett 1875:Pl. 2 [ref. 884]. •Valid as Ciliata septentrionalis (Collett 1875) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:698 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:33 [ref. 18936], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:123 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Ciliata septentrionalis (Collett 1875). Lotidae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic and doubtful in Arctic regions, Habitat: marine.

tchangi, Ciliata Li [S.-Z.] 1994:2, Fig. [unnumbered] [Journal of Dalian Fisheries College v. 9 (nos 1-2); ref. 24037] Shandong peninsular coast, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 28595. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:91 [ref. 33808].. Name misspelled as tchan twice in English summary. •Valid as Ciliata tchangi Li 1994 -- (Ye et al. 2015:91 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Ciliata tchangi Li 1994. Lotidae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

torsk, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Strøm) 1800:460, 508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Greenland and northern Europe. No types known. Based on the 'Torsk" of Strøm 1762:272 [ref. 21085]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:86, 155 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

torsk, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:51, Pl. 87 (fig. 362) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Sondmør (Sunnmøre), Norway. No types known. Based on the 'Torsk' of Strøm 1762:272 [ref. 21085], and of Pennant 1784:203, No. 89 [ref. 18530]. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

tricirratus, Gadus Brünnich [M. T.] 1768:22 [Ichthyologia Massiliensis, sistens piscium descriptiones eorumque apud incolas nomina; ref. 17290] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:6 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tridactylus, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:459, 484 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Grande-Bretagne [erroneous, is Arctic Ocean or North Atlantic]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:20 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Gadus dypterygius Pennant 1784. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:122 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

trifurcatus, Gadus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:245 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] English Seas. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

viviparus, Enchelyopus Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:29 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Original not seen. Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Lotidae.

vulgaris, Brosmus Fleming [J.] 1828:194 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] British Isles. No types known. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:158 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Lota Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:331 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Cuvier 1829:215 only used the name in a vernacular sense. Unneeded new name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

vulgaris, Lota Jenyns [L.] 1835:448 [A manual of British vertebrate animals; ref. 18335] Salcomb and Berwick, England. No types known. Based on literature and specimens. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lota vulgaris Fitzinger 1832. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Molva Fleming [J.] 1828:192 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] British Isles. No types known. Based in part on Gadus molva Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:64 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Mustela Cloquet [H.] 1824:456 (v. 33) [Dictionnaire des sciences Naturelles; ref. 852] Atlantic and Mediterranean sea. No types known. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:31 [ref. 24101] as the illustration by Rajus, 1713, Pl. 2 (fig.9) [specimen not in existence]. Nomen protectum according to Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:701 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:51 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:71 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:31 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2022 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Martins & Carneiro 2018:48 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Lotidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; northeastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland south to Gibraltar, including Madeira. Habitat: marine.

zernowi, Gaidropsarus Gratzianov [V. I.] 1907:462, 463 [Trudy Otdela Ichtiologii Imperatorskago Russkago Obshchestva Akklimatizacii Zivotnych' i Rastenii. v. 4; ref. 1871] Sebastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. Holotype (unique): ZMMU (not found in 2002). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.