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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Moridae: [ 163 ] records


affinis, Halargyreus Collett [R.] 1904:6 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1904) No. 9; ref. 9338] Faroe Bank, depth 750-1300 meters. Syntypes: ZMUB 1644 (1), 1808 (1); ZMUO J2021 (2), J2022 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268], Frøiland 1979:147 [ref. 21547]. Also appeared in Collette 1905:71, Pl. 2 (fig. 6) [ref. 19269]. •Synonym of Halargyreus johnsonii Günther 1862 -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:716 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:256 [ref. 25518] as johnson, Chiu et al. 1990:184 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:360 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Halargyreus johnsonii Günther 1862. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

andriashevi, Physiculus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1993:158, Fig. 3 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 128; ref. 21210] Western Indian Ocean, 10°18'N, 56°07'E, depth 408-415 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17676. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17677-78 (11, 19). Additional material: IOAN (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:65 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus andriashevi Shcherbachev 1993. Current status: Valid as Physiculus andriashevi Shcherbachev 1993. Moridae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

argyropastus, Physiculus Alcock [A. W.] 1894:180 [12], Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 62 (pt 2, No. 4); ref. 89] Bay of Bengal [ca. 43 kilometers southeast of Tangutur/Tanguturu, Andhra Pradesh State, India, eastern Indian Ocean], 15°04'07"N, 80°25'07"E, Investigator station 137, depth 128 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1895.1.3.6 (1), ZSI F13439 to F13441 (3), ?USNM 46754 [ex ZSI F13547] (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:137 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:37 [ref. 22148]. On p. 12 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [ref. 20534]. •Valid as Physiculus argyropastus Alcock 1894 -- (Paulin 1989:105 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:156 [ref. 21210], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:82 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus argyropastus Alcock 1894. Moridae. Distribution: Comoros and Madagascar to western Mascarenes and India. Habitat: marine.

attenuatus, Merlucius Cocco [A.] 1829:139 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Correct spelling of original genus is Merluccius. •Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen 1990:521 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:359 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1998 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Antimora Barnard [K. H.] 1925:499 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] Off Cape Point, South Africa, depth 475-900 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.41-44 [ex SAM] (4), SAM 12550 (5), USNM 188827 (1). •Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878) -- (Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589], Paulin 1983:110 [ref. 5459], Cohen 1986:326 [ref. 5646], Chiu et al. 1990:183 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:354 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:326 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Haloporphyrus Günther [A.] 1878:19 [3] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Puerto Bueno; Magellan Strait. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.38 (1) Magellan Straits, 1884.12.7.39 (1) Puerto Bueno, BMNH 1890.2.26.140 (1) Puerto Bueno. On p. 3 of separate. See also Günther 1887:95, Pl. 17 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Salilota australis (Günther 1878) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:104 [ref. 14235], Paulin 1989:127 [ref. 9297], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:377 [ref. 18936], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:57 [ref. 22530], López et al. 1996:19 [ref. 23681], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:66 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Salilota australis (Günther 1878). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic: Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

bachus, Enchelyopus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:53 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Spelled bacchus by authors; Lota bacchus Cuvier 1829:334 [ref. 995] is an incorrect subsequent spelling. •Valid as Pseudophycis bachus Forster 1801 (or Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Paulin 1983:91 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:373 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:155 [ref. 16024], Paulin & Roberts 1992:130 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:59 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:333 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:50 [ref. 25488], Paxton et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:313 [ref. 30616], Struthers et al. 2015:862 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Pseudophycis bachus Forster 1801. Moridae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

barbatula, Laemonema Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:204 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] Atlantic, 32-38°N, 73-78°W, Blake station 321, 315 and 316, depth 225-312 fathoms. Syntypes: (6 plus part of 1) MCZ 25840-42 (2, 2, 3); USNM 29046 (1). •Valid as Laemonema barbatula Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:204 [ref. 14275], Scott & Scott 1988:257 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:115 [ref. 14674]). •Valid as Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Cervigón 1996:149 [ref. 24489], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:625 [ref. 23369], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:805 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:999 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:178 [ref. 37320]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean 1883. Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Pseudophycis Günther [A.] 1863:116 [3] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 11 (no. 62); ref. 1972] Victoria, South Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.1.15.38 (skin in alcohol). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Pseudophycis barbata Günther 1863 -- (Paulin 1983:94 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:374 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:156 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:59 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:334 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:50 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:314 [ref. 30616], Struthers et al. 2015:863 [ref. 34267], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Pseudophycis barbata Günther 1863. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and southern New South Wales (Australia); New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

beckeri, Physiculus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1993:173, Fig. 8 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 128; ref. 21210] Northwestern Indian Ocean, 12°16'N, 53°08'E, depth 380 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17679. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17673 (1), P-17680-82 (3, 1, 5); plus IOAN (2), IOAN (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:65-66 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus beckeri Shcherbachev 1993 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus beckeri Shcherbachev 1993. Moridae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

benoit, Pharopteryx Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1852:16 [Fische und deren Skelette; ref. 3846] Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: SMF 3446 (larger spec.). Paralectotypes: SMF 9113 [ex 3466] (1). Lectotype selected by Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589]. Apparently this names dates to Cocco 1846:749 [ref. 26444] with a description, but we regard this name as an overlooked one, and suggest continued usage of benoit Rüppell 1852 -- currently regarded as a synonym of Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889. The name also appeared as "Pharopteryx benoiti, Rupp. (Gastronemus benoiti? Cocco.)" in Bonaparte 1846:68 [ref. 519] without description. •Synonym of Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889 -- (Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:714 [ref. 13676]). Current status: Synonym of Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

benoiti, Gastronemus Cocco [A.] 1846:749 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano Settima Riunione, Napoli 1845; ref. 26444] Appeared first as "B. Benoit," without description, then two paragraphs later as "Gastr. Benoiti" and with description. The name also appeared in Bonaparte 1846:68 [ref. 519] as "Pharopteryx benoiti, Rupp. (Gastronemus benoiti? Cocco.)" without description. •Unused senior synonym of Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889. Current status: Synonym of Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

bertelseni, Physiculus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1993:169, Fig. 6 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 128; ref. 21210] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 33°09'S, 43°48'E, depth 460-695 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17674. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17675 (1), 18744 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:65-66 [ref. 25714], Vasil'eva et al. 2001:66 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus bertelseni Shcherbachev 1993 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:82 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus bertelseni Shcherbachev 1993. Moridae. Distribution: Walters Shoal to off southern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

bovei, Salilota Perugia [A.] 1891:626 [26] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 10; ref. 3431] Brecknock Pass, Magellan Straits. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1887.12.7.39 (1), 1890.2.26.40 (1), 1890.4.10.1 (1); MSNG 7705 (2). On p. 26 of separate. •Synonym of Salilota australis (Günther 1878) -- (Paulin 1989:127 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:377 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Salilota australis (Günther 1878). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

brevipes, Halargyreus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:295, Pl. 25 (fig. 5) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Morocco, depth 1319 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1886-0578. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244]. •Synonym of Halargyreus johnsonii Günther 1862 -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen 1974:633 [ref. 7137], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:716 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:256 [ref. 25518] as johnsoni, Chiu et al. 1990:184 [ref. 21687] but as breviceps, Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:360 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244] as johnsoni). Current status: Synonym of Halargyreus johnsonii Günther 1862. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

breviuscula, Lota Richardson [J.] 1846:61, Pl. 38 (figs. 1-2) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1182. •Valid as Pseudophycis breviuscula (Richardson 1846) -- (Paulin 1983:93 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:375 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Roberts 1992:128 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:60 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:335 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Sazonov 2001:293 [ref. 25374], Paxton et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:314 [ref. 30616], Struthers et al. 2015:864 [ref. 34267], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Pseudophycis breviuscula (Richardson 1846). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Australia, from Perth (Western Australia) to Tweed Heads (New South Wales), including Tasmania; New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

brocca, Gadella Paulin [C. D.] & Roberts [C. D.] 1997:20, Fig. 2 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 23231] Norfolk Ridge, Stylaster seamount, southeast of New Caledonia, 23°37.5'S, 167°42.1'E, depth 425-500 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1995-1002. Paratypes: MNHN 1995-1003 (3), NMNZ-P.31380 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Gadella brocca Paulin & Roberts 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S71 [ref. 25772], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Gadella brocca Paulin & Roberts 1997. Moridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

caboverdensis, Physiculus González [J. A.], Triay-Portella [R.] & Biscoito [M.] 2018:287, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4461 (no. 2); ref. 36080] East of Cidade Velha, Cape Verde Islands, Atlantic, 15°14'N, 23°34'W, depth 108-111 meters. Holotype: MMF 42537. Paratypes: BMNH 2013.5.10.1, MMF, MNHN, TFMC, USNM. •Valid as Physiculus caboverdensis Gonzáles, Triay-Portella & Biscoito 2018 -- (Pires et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus caboverdensis González, Triay-Portella & Biscoito 2018. Moridae. Distribution: Cape Verde Islands, Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

callarias, Lotella Günther [A.] 1863:116 [3] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 11 (no. 62); ref. 1972] Victoria, South Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.1.15.37 (skin in spirit). On p. 3 of separate. Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on "Gadum rhacinum" as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin 1983:98 [ref. 5459] as rhacinus, Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442] as rhacinus, Gomon et al. 1994:331 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

canariensis, Asellus Valenciennes [A.] 1838:[76], Pl. 14 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Off Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8467. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244]. Dates to Pl. 14 in Oct. 1838, p. 73 published in 1843. •Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:325 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:369 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Lepidion Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:61 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pickle station 177, depth 312-417 fathoms. Syntypes: ?SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 981 (1) Pickle station 42. •Valid as Lepidion capensis Gilchrist 1922 -- (Cohen 1986:327 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Trunov 1992:3 [ref. 24540], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472], Trunov 1999:463 [ref. 24579], Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion capensis Gilchrist 1922. Moridae. Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Physiculus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:62 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 91-220 fathoms. Syntypes: (29) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 798 (6, now 5) 33°42'50"S, 17°36'27"E, Pickle station 63. Type information: Winterbottom 1974:6 [ref. 19544]. •Valid as Physiculus capensis Gilchrist 1922 -- (Cohen 1986:328 [ref. 5646], Paulin 1989:107 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Trunov 1991:374 [ref. 20096], Shcherbachev 1993:152 [ref. 21210], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1997 [ref. 34586], Pires et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus capensis Gilchrist 1922. Moridae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

chigodarana, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1989:107, Figs. 7, 14 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] Kagishima, Japan. Holotype: USNM 59594. Paratypes: FAKU 25003 (1); USNM 59595 (1). •Valid as Physiculus chigodarana Paulin 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:410 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:410 [ref. 26001], Yu & Ho 2012:44 [ref. 32507]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus chigodarana Paulin 1989. Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

cirm, Physiculus Carvalho-Filho [A.] & Pires [A. M. A.] in Pires, Carvalho-Filho, Ferreira, Viana, Nunes & Hazin 2019:71, Figs. 2-5 [Zootaxa 4671 (no. 1); ref. 36974] Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, Brazil, 0°54.498'N, 29°20.082' W, depth 410 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 123403 [ex MOCH 1513]. Paratypes: MOCH, MNRJ, MZUSP, ZUEC. •Valid as Physiculus cirm Carvalho-Filho & Pires 2019. Current status: Valid as Physiculus cirm Carvalho-Filho & Pires 2019. Moridae. Distribution: Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, equatorial Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

coheni, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1989:108, Figs. 8, 14 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] Off Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 1°50'42"N, 157°30'36"W, depth 285 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 263719. •Valid as Physiculus coheni Paulin 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus coheni Paulin 1989. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

compressicauda, Laemonemodes Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1903:208, Pl. 16 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 2; ref. 1645] Banshee River beacon, on east coast, bearing N 1/2 E distant 15 miles, South Africa, depth 300-400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM (not found). •Valid as Laemonema compressicauda (Gilchrist 1903) -- (Cohen 1986:326 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936]). •Status uncertain as Laemonemodes compressicauda Gilchrist 1903 -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:664 [ref. 23369]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema compressicauda (Gilchrist 1903). Moridae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

curtipes, Laemonema Biscoito [M.] & Maul [G. E.] 1989:2, Fig. 1 [Bocagiana. Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural) No. 127; ref. 17644] Seine Seamount, northeastern Atlantic, 33°45.8'N, 14°20.6'W, depth about 220 meters. Holotype (unique): MMF 23858. •Valid as Laemonema curtipes Biscoito & Maul 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Laemonema yarrellii (Lowe 1838) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:636 [ref. 23369] as yarrelli, Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2001 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Laemonema yarrellii (Lowe 1838). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

cyanostrophus, Physiculus Anderson [M. E.] & Tweddle [D.] 2002:18, Fig. 1 [Archive of Fishery and Marine Research v. 50 (no. 1); ref. 26527] Off Angola, 12°26'S, 13°19'E, depth 315-326 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 64343. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 64638 (4), 64639 (7). •Valid as Physiculus cyanostrophus Anderson & Tweddle 2002 -- (González et al. 2010:219 [ref. 36922], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1997 [ref. 34586], Pires et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus cyanostrophus Anderson & Tweddle 2002. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

cynodon, Physiculus Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1986:305, fig'd [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 65 (no. 2); ref. 8048] Emperor Seamount chain [Hawaiian Ridge], 31°03'N, 175°53'W, central North Pacific, depth 300-500 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-16043. Paratypes: ZMMU P-16044-46 (1, 1, 1). Additional material: (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:66 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus cynodon Sazonov 1986 -- (Paulin 1989:108 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:259 [ref. 28379], Prokofiev 2017:643 [ref. 35721], Gonzáles et al. 2018:292 [ref. 36080]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus cynodon Sazonov 1986. Moridae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Northern Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

dalwigki, Physiculus Kaup [J. J.] 1858:88 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] No locality [possibly Mediterranean]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1996-1380. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:235 [ref. 24244]. Neotype (BMNH 1865.11.29.26) designated by Paulin 1989:110 [ref. 9297] but Bailly et al. 1999:235 [ref. 24244] show the holotype to be at MNHN. The original spelling was dalwigki. •Valid as Physiculus dalwigki Kaup 1858 -- (Cohen 1973:325 [ref. 6589], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:129 [ref. 8256] as dalwigtki, Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:722 [ref. 13676], Paulin 1989:109 [ref. 9297], Cohen 1990:523 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936] as dalwigkii, Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Santos et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:72 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24045], Bailly et al. 1999:235 [ref. 24244], Bañón et al. 2002:877 [ref. 26949] as dalwigkii, González et al. 2008:177 [ref. 29991], González et al. 2010:220 [ref. 36922], Bañón et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2004 [ref. 34586], Biscoito & González 2018:190 [ref. 35998], Carneiro et al. 2019:142 [ref. 37250], Pires et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36974], Ho 2019:39 [ref. 37148] as dalwigkii, Capapé et al. 2020:224 [ref. 37551]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus dalwigki Kaup 1858. Moridae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Mauritania, including Azores, Great Meteor Bank, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

dancoheni, Gadella Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 2000:S67, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 40 (Suppl. 1); ref. 25772] Socotra area, Yemen, Arabian Sea, 12°14'N, 53°06'E, depth 420-398 meters. Holotype: ZMMSU P-20460. Paratypes: ZMMSU P-20461 (1). •Valid as Gadella dancoheni Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Gadella dancoheni Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000. Moridae. Distribution: Arabian Sea. Habitat: marine.

dannevigi, Mora Whitley [G. P.] 1948:82, Fig. 5 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Great Australian Bight, 129°28'E, depth 350-450 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.3544 (mixed with paratypes). Paratypes: AMS E.3544 (4 of 5), IB.1729-31 (1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810) -- (Paulin 1983:112 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:331 [ref. 22532], Paulin & Roberts 1997:29 [ref. 23231], Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2002 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

edelmanni, Physiculus Brauer [A.] 1906:274, Pl. 12 (fig. 6) [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Indian Ocean off East Africa, 1°40'S, 41°47'E, Valdivia station 251, depth 693 meters. Lectotype: ZMB 17724. Paralectotypes: (2) ZMH 12906 (1), ZMB 22445 (1). Lectotype apparently designated by Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S65 [ref. 25772]. •Valid as Gadella edelmanni (Brauer 1906) -- (Paulin 1989:96 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S65 [ref. 25772], Mundy 2005:257 [ref. 28379], Yu & Ho 2012:33 [ref. 32507]). Current status: Valid as Gadella edelmanni (Brauer 1906). Moridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ensiferus, Haloporphyrus Günther [A.] 1887:92, Pl. 19 (fig. A) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Rio de la Plata mouth, Challenger station 320, depth 600 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.32-35 (4). •Valid as Lepidion ensiferus (Günther 1887) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:110 [ref. 14235], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Meléndez & Pequeño 1999:466 [ref. 24457], Duhamel et al. 2005:266 [ref. 32059] as cf. ensiferus, Bañón et al. 2012:x [ref. 32386], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion ensiferus (Günther 1887). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and Southern Ocean. Habitat: marine.

eques, Haloporphyrus Günther [A.] 1887:91, Pl. 18 (fig. B) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Faröe Channel, depth 530 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.12.9.60. Paralectotypes: (numerous, several stations) BMNH 1887.12.9.52-57 (6?), 1887.12.9.58-59 (2?), 1887.12.9.61-67 (7?), 1887.12.9.68-70 (3?); MCZ 27231 [ex BMHH] (2); ZIN 11727 (1). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. Lectotype selected by Templeman 1970:463 [ref. 27557]. •Valid as Lepidion eques (Günther 1887) -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:719 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:257 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:115 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:365 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:108 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23531], Møller et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31169], Arronte et al. 2011:1708 [ref. 31611], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 178 [ref. 36199]). •Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810) -- (Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386], Barros-García et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34527]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Sympodoichthys Facciolà [L.] 1888:167 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 7; ref. 1293] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Rhynchogadus hepaticus (Facciolà 1884) -- (Cohen 1973:326 [ref. 6589]). Current status: Uncertain as Rhynchogadus hepaticus (Facciolà 1884). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

fedorovi, Physiculus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1993:170, Fig. 7 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 128; ref. 21210] Error Seamount, northwestern Indian Ocean, 10°27'N, 56°05'E, depth 415 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18736. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:66 [ref. 25714]. Also includes literature sources. •Valid as Physiculus fedorovi Shcherbachev 1993. Current status: Valid as Physiculus fedorovi Shcherbachev 1993. Moridae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

fernandeziana, Lotella Rendahl [H.] 1921:53 [The fishes of the Juan Fernandez Islands v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 15328] Masatierra, Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype: NRM 10971. Paratypes: NRM 43062 (1). •Valid as Lotella fernandeziana Rendahl 1921 -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:368 [ref. 18936], Meléndez C. & Pequeño 1996:72 [ref. 23034], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:31 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Meléndez C. & Cornejo C. 2001:67 [ref. 26163], Dyer & Westneat 2010:599 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Valid as Lotella fernandeziana Rendahl 1921. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernández Islands. Habitat: marine.

filifer, Leptophycis Garman [S.] 1899:182, Pl. 41 (figs. 2-2a) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] East of Galápagos Islands, 1°03'N, 89°28'W, Albatross station 3404, depth 385 fathoms; 0°19'N, 90°34'W, station 3410, depth 331 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28616 (1), 28617 (orig. 3, now 1). •Valid as Gadella filifer (Garman 1899) -- (Paulin 1989:98 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:239 [ref. 24555], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S72 [ref. 25772], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Gadella filifer (Garman 1899). Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

filodorsale, Laemonema Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:133, Pl. 82 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 27°55.1'N, 134°44.8'E, depth 685-710 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29426. Paratypes: BSKU 26062 (1), 29532 (1), 29487 (1); FUMT-P 2076 (2). •Synonym of Laemonema robustum Johnson 1862 -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:634 [ref. 23369], Mundy 2005:258 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Laemonema filodorsale Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:92 [ref. 6441], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Parin & Sazonov 1990:8 [ref. 20171], Paulin & Roberts 1997:24 [ref. 23231], Nakabo 2000:412 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:412 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema filodorsale Okamura 1982. Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fitchi, Notophycis Sazonov [Yu. I.] 2001:297, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 25374] North Pacific, 45°19'N, 157°32'W, depth 550-600 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-16037. Paratypes: ZMMU P-16038-40 (2, 2, 1), P-16050-52 (1, 3, 2), P-20743 (1); USNM 304627 (7+1), 304640 (2). •Valid as Notophycis fitchi Sazonov 2001. Current status: Valid as Notophycis fitchi Sazonov 2001. Moridae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fuliginosa, Lotella Günther [A.] 1862:347 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] No locality [= Sydney, New South Wales, Australia]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1184. •Valid as Lotella fuliginosa Günther 1962 -- (Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Lotella rhacinus (Forster 1801) [sometimes as rhacinus] -- (Paulin 1983:98 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

fulvus, Physiculus Bean [T. H.] 1884:240 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 429); ref. 16016] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 40°01'N, 69°56'W, Fish Hawk station 941, depth 76 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 28766. Paralectotypes: USNM 28766 (2 of 3). Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 363, p. 3308 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. •Valid as Physiculus fulvus Bean 1884 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:203 [ref. 14275], Scott & Scott 1988:259 [ref. 25518], Paulin 1989:110 [ref. 9297], McAllister 1990:115 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Boschung 1992:73 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:807 [ref. 23897], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:216 [ref. 26158], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1000 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:103 [ref. 37485], Pires et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus fulvus Bean 1884. Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cape Cod (U.S.A.) south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

gilchristi, Tripterophycis Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:335, Fig. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 53) (art. 55); ref. 564] Some 40 miles off Table Mountain, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, depth 250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.5.28.3. Also appeared as new in Boulenger 1903:168 [ref. 5757]. •Valid as Tripterophycis gilchristi Boulenger 1901 -- (Paulin 1983:105 [ref. 5459], Cohen 1986:328 [ref. 5646], Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:378 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:157 [ref. 16024], Trunov 1992:7 [ref. 24540], Gomon et al. 1994:336 [ref. 22532], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:617 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:315 [ref. 30616], Struthers et al. 2015:865 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Tripterophycis gilchristi Boulenger 1902. Moridae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

globiceps, Laemonema Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1906:157, Pl. 43 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 4; ref. 1647] Off Cape Point, South Africa, depth 460-800 fathoms. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1904.5.28.16 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1, not researched), SAM 12488 (4), USNM 188819 (1). •Valid as Laemonema globiceps Gilchrist 1906 -- (Paulin 1983:114 [ref. 5459], Cohen 1986:327 [ref. 5646], Markle & Meléndez C. 1988:871 [ref. 9283], Paulin et al. 1989:118 [ref. 24556], Paxton et al. 1989:299 [ref. 12442], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Trunov 1989:180 [ref. 16286], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:329 [ref. 22532], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Guttigadus globiceps (Gilchrist 1906) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:657 [ref. 23369], Paxton et al. 2006:610 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:305 [ref. 30616], Struthers et al. 2015:846 [ref. 34267], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565] with author as Gilchrist 1906). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus globiceps (Gilchrist 1906). Moridae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

globosus, Momonatira Paulin [C. D.] 1986:360, Fig. 3 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 12 (no. 3) [1985]; ref. 5326] South Canterbury Bight, New Zealand, 44°49.8-40.2'S, 172°48.5-50.1'E, depth 1180-1184 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.15860. Paratypes: NMNZ P.15828 (3), P.15861 (1), P.15863 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Momonatira globosus Paulin 1986 -- (Markle & Meléndez C. 1988:875 [ref. 9283], Paulin et al. 1989:118 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:368 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Guttigadus globosus (Paulin 1986) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:660 [ref. 23369], Struthers et al. 2015:847 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus globosus (Paulin 1986). Moridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

goodebeanorum, Laemonema Meléndez C. [R.] & Markle [D. F.] 1997:639, Fig. 27 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 61 (no. 3); ref. 23369] Northeastern Gulf of Mexico, 28°34'N, 86°48'W. Holotype: USNM 45967. Paratypes: ARC 8600883 (3); LACM 43471-1 (2); MCZ 45983 (1), 57923 (1); UF 44376 (2), 45373 (1); USNM 158090 (1), 158228 (1), 213496 (1), 304409 (1)' plus non-type additional material. •Valid as Laemonema goodebeanorum Meléndez C. & Markle 1997 -- (Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1000 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:18 [ref. 28815], Melo et al. 2010:41 [ref. 30775], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:178 [ref. 37320]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema goodebeanorum Meléndez C. & Markle 1997. Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: New England (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to southern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Gadus Lowe [R. T.] 1843:91 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.84. •Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Paulin 1989:99 [ref. 9297]). Current status: Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

gracillipes, Laemonema Garman [S.] 1899:187, Pl. 42 (figs. 1-1a) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama to Galápagos Islands, Albatross station 3355, 3385 and 3410, depth 182-331 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28609 (1) station 3410, 67155 (1) station 3385, 67156 (3) station 3355. •Valid as Laemonema gracillipes Garman 1899 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:101, 190, 245, 322 [ref. 8379] as gracilipes, Paulin 1983:115 [ref. 5459], Markle & Meléndez C. 1988:875 [ref. 9283], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], McCosker et al. 1997:25 [ref. 22816], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:649 [ref. 23369], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Okamoto et al. 2008:235 [ref. 35246], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema gracillipes Garman 1899. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

grandiceps, Microlepidium Garman [S.] 1899:181, Pls. 43 (figs. 1-5), 83 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of California, Mexico, 24°22'30"N, 109°03'20"W, Albatross station 3432, depth 1421 fathoms. Holotype or syntypes: MCZ 28618 (1, missing). •Synonym of Microlepidium verecundum (Jordan & Cramer 1897) -- (Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1285 [ref. 22830]). •Synonym of Laemonema verecundum (Jordan & Cramer 1897) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:650 [ref. 23369]). Current status: Synonym of Laemonema verecundum (Jordan & Cramer 1897). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

grandis, Lotella Ramsay [E. P.] 1881:462 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 18588] Wollongong, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (several) AMS I.696 (1). •Synonym of Pseudophycis barbata Günther 1863 -- (Paulin 1983:94 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:374 [ref. 18936], Paxton et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudophycis barbata Günther 1863. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

grinnelli, Physiculus Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:22, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: FMNH 55192 [ex CM 3898]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:88 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:65 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Physiculus grinnelli Jordan & Jordan 1922 -- (Paulin 1989:110 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:259 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:124 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus grinnelli Jordan & Jordan 1922. Moridae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Haloporphyrus Giglioli [E. H.] 1880:202 [Nature (London) v. 21 (no. 531); ref. 18111] Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.4.22.9. •Valid as Lepidion guentheri (Giglioli 1880) -- (Cohen 1973:325 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:719 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Stefanescu et al. 1991:139 [ref. 23686], Santos et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:72 [ref. 24952], González et al. 2008:176 [ref. 29991], Bañón et al. 2010:602 [ref. 30872], Arronte et al. 2011:1708 [ref. 31611], Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386], Bañón et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34397], Barros-García et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34527], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2004 [ref. 34586], Carneiro et al. 2019:141 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion guentheri (Giglioli 1880). Moridae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

helenaensis, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1989:111, Figs. 9, 14 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] St. Helena Island, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype: BMNH 1867.12.26.15. •Valid as Physiculus helenaensis Paulin 1989 -- (Shcherbachev 1993:150 [ref. 21210], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1997 [ref. 34586], Brown et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36444], Pires et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus helenaensis Paulin 1989. Moridae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena endemic. Habitat: marine.

hepaticus, Hypsirhynchus Facciolà [L.] 1884:112, Pl. 2 (figs.1-2) [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 1292] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Rhynchogadus hepaticus (Facciolà 1884) -- (Cohen 1973:326 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:722 [ref. 13676], Lloris et al. 1994:130 [ref. 22329], Carneiro et al. 2019:142 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Rhynchogadus hepaticus (Facciolà 1884). Moridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

hexacytus, Physiculus Parin [N. V.] 1984:532 [47], Figs. 1, 2b [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 24 (no. 4); ref. 16267] Nazca Ridge, southeastern Pacific, 21°28'S, 81°40'W, depth 330 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46840. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (5); USNM 265088 (1); ZIN 46841 (1), 46842 (1, not sent to ZIN), 46843 (3). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. On p. 47 of English translation. •Synonym of Physiculus luminosa Paulin 1983 -- (Paulin 1989:115 [ref. 9297]). •Valid as Physiculus hexacytus Parin 1984 -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Parin 1990:15 [ref. 22542]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus hexacytus Parin 1984. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

huloti, Physiculus Poll [M.] 1953:202, Fig. 85 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12713] Atlantic, 27 miles west-southwest of Cabinda, Angola, 5°41'S, 11°46'E, depth 92-98 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 184. Paratypes: (28) IRSNB 185-189 (6, 1, 4, 4, 3), MRAC 95627-34 (8). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:23 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:62 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Physiculus huloti Poll 1953 -- (Cohen in Cohen 1990:523 [ref. 15766], Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2004 [ref. 34586], Pires et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus huloti Poll 1953. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Eeyorius Paulin [C. D.] 1986:204, Figs. 1-3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 47 (no. 2); ref. 5327] Port Phillip Bay, 38°09'S, 144°52'E, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: WAM P.27128-001. Paratypes: NMV A2360 (6), A2542 (2), A2938 (2); NMNZ P.14578 (1); WAM P.27123-001 (1), P.27126-001 (2), P.27545-001 (1), P.27545-002 (3), P.27549-006 (1), P.27564-003 (1), P.27616-003 (1), P.25781-001 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942], Hutchins & Smith 1991:10 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:10 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Eeyorius hutchinsi Paulin 1986 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:357 [ref. 18936], Kuiter 1993:59 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:327 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:50 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:609 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:304 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Eeyorius hutchinsi Paulin 1986. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: southern Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

imberbis, Brosmiculus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:293, Pl. 25 (fig. 4) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Cape Verde Islands, 16°53'N, 25°10"W, depth 410-460 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0569. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1887-0370 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244]. Lectotype selected by Cohen 1990:520 [ref. 15766]. •Valid as Brosmiculus imberbis Vaillant 1888 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:205 [ref. 14275], Scott & Scott 1988:256 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:114 [ref. 14674], Cohen 1990:520 [ref. 15766], Boschung 1992:73 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:804 [ref. 23897], Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Melo et al. 2010:41 [ref. 30775], Ruiz-Pico et al. 2012:263 [ref. 32363]). •Valid as Gadella imberbis (Vaillant 1888) -- (Paulin 1989:98 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Trunov 1992:13 [ref. 20711], Cervigón 1992:360 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:141 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1996:148 [ref. 24489], Sazonov 1996:546 [ref. 24655], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:999 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], González et al. 2010:218 [ref. 36922], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:102 [ref. 37485], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2003 [ref. 34586], Carneiro et al. 2019:139 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Gadella imberbis (Vaillant 1888). Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

inbarbatus, Physiculus Kamohara [T.] 1952:94, Fig. 92 [Research Reports of the Kôchi University, (Ser.) Natural Science. No. 3; ref. 12778] Mimase fish market, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 338. Paratypes: BSKU 170 (1), 177 (1). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:9 [ref. 19282]. •Synonym of Gadella jordani (Böhlke & Mead 1951) -- (Paulin 1989:99 [ref. 9297], Shinohara et al. 2005:415 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Physiculus inbarbatus Kamohara 1952 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:193, 354 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Gadella edelmanni (Brauer 1906) -- (Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S65 [ref. 25772]). Current status: Synonym of Gadella edelmanni (Brauer 1906). Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

inosimae, Haloporphyrus Günther [A.] 1887:92, Pl. 20 (fig. B) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Inosima, Japan, Challenger, depth 345 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.28-31 (4). •Valid as Lepidion inosimae (Günther 1887) -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:189 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441] as inoshimae, Paxton et al. 1989:300 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:152 [ref. 16024], Paulin & Roberts 1997:27 [ref. 23231], Nakabo 2000:409 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:409 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:415 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:258 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:611 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:307 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Bañón et al. 2012:x [ref. 32386], Struthers et al. 2015:853 [ref. 34267], Barros-García et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34527], Fricke et al. 2019:70 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion inosimae (Günther 1887). Moridae. Distribution: Western and Central Pacific, antritropical: Japan to Kamchatka and Hawaiian Ridge; eastern Australia and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) to New Caledonia and northern New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Tripterophycis Whitley [G. P.] 1948:79, Fig. 4 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] South of Eucla, Great Australian Bight, 350-450 fathoms. Holotype: AMS I.21552-001 [ex AMS E.3555]. Paratypes: AMS E.3555 (now 2), IB.1726-28 (1, 1, 1), E.5496-97 (1, 1), E.5503-05 (2, 2, 1). •Synonym of Tripterophycis gilchristi Boulenger 1902 -- (Paulin 1983:105 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:303 [ref. 12442], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:378 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:336 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:617 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Tripterophycis gilchristi Boulenger 1902. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Physiculus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:80 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 18288] Yokohama, Japan. Holotype: ZMB 10624. •Valid as Physiculus japonicus Hilgendorf 1879 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:131, 345 [ref. 8256], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:103, 191 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:191, 354 [ref. 8057], Paulin 1989:112 [ref. 9297] as japonica, Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936] as japonica, Shinohara et al. 1996:171 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:410 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:410 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:415 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:260 [ref. 28379] as japonica, Shinohara et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31715], Yu & Ho 2012:47 [ref. 32507], Shinohara et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:170 [ref. 33547], Jang et al. 2016:32 [ref. 36306], Sonoyama et al. 2020:28 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus japonicus Hilgendorf 1879. Moridae. Distribution: Northwestern and northern central Pacific: Taiwan, Korea and Japan north to Kuril Islands; Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

johnsonii, Halargyreus Günther [A.] 1862:342 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Madeira (stomach content). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1861.6.4.2. •Valid as Halargyreus johnsonii Günther 1862 [sometimes as johnsoni] -- (Cohen 1974:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen 1973:633 [ref. 7137], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:103, 190, 245, 322 [ref. 8379], Paulin 1983:108 [ref. 5459], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:11 [ref. 24081], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:716 [ref. 13676], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:114 [ref. 14235], Scott & Scott 1988:256 [ref. 25518] as johnsoni, Paxton et al. 1989:299 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556] as johnsoni, Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], McAllister 1990:114 [ref. 14674], Chiu et al. 1990:184 [ref. 21687], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:151 [ref. 16024], Trunov 1992:17 [ref. 20711], Logan et al. 1993:39 [ref. 22924], Miller 1993:558 [ref. 21297], Gomon et al. 1994:328 [ref. 22532], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:107 [ref. 22531], Shinohara et al. 1996:171 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:408 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:284 [ref. 25968], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:408 [ref. 26001], Hoff 2002:65 [ref. 31794], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:280 [ref. 25968], Fukui et al. 2003:186 [ref. 26924], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Fedorov et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27579], Mundy 2005:257 [ref. 28379], Duhamel et al. 2005:266 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:611 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:306 [ref. 30616], Melo et al. 2010:41 [ref. 30775], Møller et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31169], Parin et al. 2014:169 [ref. 33547], Struthers et al. 2015:850 [ref. 34267], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 164 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2003 [ref. 34586], Burton & Lea 2019:50 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:140 [ref. 37250], Carlos et al. 2020:[3] [ref. 37643]). Current status: Valid as Halargyreus johnsonii Günther 1862. Moridae. Distribution: Circumglobal, antitropical. Cryptic species may be included [ref. 37643]. Habitat: marine.

joptera, Lotta Cocco [A.] 1829:139 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled Lotta ioptera in Isis, v. 24, 1831:1340 [Cocco ref. 20711]. •Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:366 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Physiculus Böhlke [J. E.] & Mead [G. W.] 1951:27 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 12885] Off Tsurugi Saki Light, Honshu Island, Japan, Albatross station 3695, depth 110-259 fathoms. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 21759. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:55 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Physiculus jordani Böhlke & Mead 1951 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Gadella jordani (Böhlke & Mead 1951) -- (Paulin 1989:99 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Nakabo 2000:409 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:409 [ref. 26001], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S71 [ref. 25772], Shinohara et al. 2005:415 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:257 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:610 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Yu & Ho 2012:37 [ref. 32507], Jang et al. 2016:29 [ref. 36306]). Current status: Valid as Gadella jordani (Böhlke & Mead 1951). Moridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

karrerae, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1989:114, Figs. 10, 14 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] Off Brazil, 32°59'S, 50°23'W, depth 260 meters. Holotype: ISH 1867-1966 [published as 1867.166]. Paratypes: BMNH 1986.10.7.2-3 (2); IOM uncat. (1); ISH 1918-1968 (1); USNM 266723 (1). •Valid as Physiculus karrerae Paulin 1989 -- (Trunov 1991:375 [ref. 20096], Shcherbachev 1993:164 [ref. 21210], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:157 [ref. 25013], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:998 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1997 [ref. 34586], Brown et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36444], Pires et al. 2019:70 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus karrerae Paulin 1989. Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena to Walvis Ridge, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

kaupi, Physiculus Poey [F.] 1865:186, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 13954] Cuba. No types known. Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35177]. •Valid as Physiculus kaupi Poey 1865 -- (Paulin 1989:114 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Matallanas 1990:138 [ref. 15775], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:998 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27192], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:104 [ref. 37485], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35177], Pires et al. 2019:70 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus kaupi Poey 1865. Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cuba south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

kleinenbergi, Eretmophorus Giglioli [E. H.] 1889:328, Pl. 34 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1889 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 18 June 1889); ref. 1621] Mouth of harbor of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5595-97 [ex 2665-67] (1, 1, 1). See Opinion 1082. •Valid as Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889 -- (Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:714 [ref. 13676], Lloris et al. 1994:132 [ref. 22329], Carneiro et al. 2019:139 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli 1889. Moridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: including Azores. Habitat: marine.

kongi, Laemonema Markle [D. F.] & Meléndez C. [R.] 1988:872, Figs. 2-3 [Copeia 1988 (no. 4); ref. 9283] Off Chile, 34°51'S, 72°36'W, depth 690 meters. Holotype: MNHNC P.6438. Paratypes: LACM 44318-1 (3); MNHNC P.6436 (1), P.6437 (2), P.6573 (5), P.6574 (1), P.6603 (1); USNM 293119 (3). Other material deposited at AMS, FAKU, ISH, NMNZ, and NMV. Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:48 [ref. 24124] [differs from original description]. •Valid as Laemonema kongi Markle & Meléndez c. 1988 -- (Chiu et al. 1990:185 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536]). •Valid as Guttigadus kongi (Markle & Meléndez C. 1988) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:652 [ref. 23369], Meléndez & Pequeño 1999:466 [ref. 24457], Duhamel et al. 2005:264 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:611 [ref. 28995], Struthers et al. 2015:848 [ref. 34267], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565] with authors as Markle & Meléndez 1988). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus kongi (Markle & Meléndez C. 1988). Moridae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Laemonema Holt [E. W. L.] & Byrne [L. W.] 1908:87, Fig. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 1) (art. 11); ref. 14321] Off southwestern Ireland, 51°35'N, 11°55'W, depth 720 fathoms. Syntypes: (2). •Valid as Laemonema latifrons Holt & Byrne 1908 -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589], Paulin 1983:115 [ref. 5459], Matallanas 1985:289 [ref. 25880], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:717 [ref. 13676], Markle & Meléndez C. 1988:875 [ref. 9283], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:198 [ref. 24962]). •See also Santos et al. 1997:125 [ref. 23531]. •Valid as Guttigadus latifrons (Holt & Byrne 1908) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:652 [ref. 23369], Møller et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31169], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Carneiro et al. 2019:140 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus latifrons (Holt & Byrne 1908). Moridae. Distribution: Atlantic; Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

laureysi, Laemonema Poll [M.] 1953:197, Fig. 84 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12713] Atlantic, 53 miles west of Ambrizette, 7°16'S, 12°02'E, depth 380-420 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 174. Paratypes: IRSNB 175-189? (23, 12, 36, 1, 1, 27, 4, 6, 70, 1, 6, 1, 4, 4, 3); MRAC 95558-26 (69), 104081 (1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:23 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:49 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Laemonema laureysi Poll 1953 -- (Cohen 1986:327 [ref. 5646], Trunov 1989:181 [ref. 16286], Cohen 1990:521 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:362 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:141 [ref. 25472], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:643 [ref. 23369], González et al. 2010:218 [ref. 36922], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1999 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema laureysi Poll 1953. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to northern Namibia, including Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

lepidion, Gadus Risso [A.] 1810:118, Pl. 11 (fig. 40) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0853. Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:720 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:366 [ref. 18936], Stefanescu et al. 1991:141 [ref. 23686], Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34397], Barros-García et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34527], Carneiro et al. 2019:141 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810). Moridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

limbata, Lotella Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:47 [Catalogue of the fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms; ref. 13268] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16273-001 [ex MAMU F209] (2). Replacement name for Lotella marginata Macleay 1881, preoccupied by Lotella marginata Günther 1878. Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on Gadum rhacinum as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin 1983:98 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442] as rhacinus, Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

longicavis, Physiculus Parin [N. V.] 1984:534 [49], Figs. 2a, 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 24 (no. 4); ref. 16267] Nazca Ridge, 25°43'S, 85°29'W, depth 160-165 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46844. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (4, now 2); USNM 265090 (1); ZIN 46845-47 (4, 3, 1), ZMMU P-18629 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:66-67 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. On p. 49 of English translation. •Valid as Physiculus longicavis Parin 1984 -- (Paulin 1989:115 [ref. 9297], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Meléndez C. & Pequeño 1996:70 [ref. 23034], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus longicavis Parin 1984. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longifilis, Physiculus Weber [M.] 1913:178, Pl. 5 (fig. 6) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Flores Sea, Indonesia, 8°27'S, 122°54.3'E, Siboga station 306, depth 247 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 110846 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:65 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Physiculus longifilis Weber 1913 -- (Paulin 1989:115 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Roberts 1997:30 [ref. 23231], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847] as cf. longifilis, Paxton et al. 2006:615 [ref. 28995], Prokofiev 2008:863 [ref. 29938] as Physicullus in main heading, Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Yu & Ho 2012:49 [ref. 32507], Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus longifilis Weber 1913. Moridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longipes, Laemonema Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1938:655 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad v. 19 (no. 8) [1938]; ref. 3943] Okhotsk Sea, 55°42'N, 143°34'E, depth 542 meters; 55°13'30"N, 146°34'E, depth 592 meters. Syntypes: (4) ?MCZ 34053 (1); ZIN 24477 (1), 25252 (1). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662] as Haemonema longipes. •Valid as Laemonema longipes Schmidt 1938 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:101, 190, 245, 322 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:363 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:171 [ref. 26605], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:645 [ref. 23369], Nakabo 2000:411 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:281 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:411 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27579], Mundy 2005:258 [ref. 28379], Okamoto et al. 2008:233 [ref. 35246], Parin et al. 2014:169 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35331], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:178 [ref. 37320]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema longipes Schmidt 1938. Moridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Japan to Sea of Okhotsk. Habitat: marine.

longipes, Physiculus Garman [S.] 1899:188, Pl. 42 (figs. 2-2a) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°6'15"-7°40'N, 79°16'-80°55'W, Albatross stationn 3353, 3355, 3385, 3387 and 3391, depth 127-695 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28607-08 (5, 3); USNM 57876 (1). •Synonym of Physiculus nematopus Gilbert 1890 -- (Paulin 1989:119 [ref. 9297], Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1286 [ref. 22830], McCosker et al. 1997:25 [ref. 22816]). Current status: Synonym of Physiculus nematopus Gilbert 1890. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

lucullus, Gargilius Jensen [A. S.] in Koefoed 1953:11 [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 6486] North Atlantic, 61°34'N, 19°05'W. •Valid as Svetovidovia lucullus (Jensen 1953) -- (Cohen 1973:326 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:723 [ref. 13676]). Current status: Valid as Svetovidovia lucullus (Jensen 1953). Moridae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

luminosa, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1983:96, Fig. 11 [National Museum of New Zealand Records v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 5459] Between Aldeman and Red Mercury islands, New Zealand, 36°47'N, 176°03'E, depth 457m. Holotype: NMNZ P.9556. Paratypes: (15) AIM 690 (1), 3241 (1), 3333 (1); NMNZ P.7827 (2), 7871 (2), 8005 (1), 8007 (1), 9555 (1), 9557 (3). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. The use of luminosa or luminosus needs research. •Valid as Physiculus luminosa Paulin 1983 -- (Paulin 1989:115 [ref. 9297], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:332 [ref. 22532], Paulin & Roberts 1997:31 [ref. 23231], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847] as cf. luminosa, Paxton et al. 2006:615 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:312 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242] as luminosus, Struthers et al. 2015:860 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus luminosa Paulin 1983. Moridae. Distribution: South Pacific: Australia almost to South America. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Lotella Rendahl [H.] 1921:54 [The fishes of the Juan Fernandez Islands v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 15328] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16273-001 [ex MAMU F209] (2). Unneeded replacement name for Lotella marginata Macleay 1881, preoccupied by Lotella marginata Günther 1878 but replaced earlier by Lotella limbata Ogilby 1886. Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on "Gadum rhacinum" as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442] as rhacinus, Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

macronema, Laemonema Meléndez C. [R.] & Markle [D. F.] 1997:638, Fig. 26 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 61 (no. 3); ref. 23369] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 8549. Paratypes: MNHN 1966-0848 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1423 (1). •Valid as Laemonema macronema Meléndez C. & Markle 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30213]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema macronema Meléndez C. & Markle 1997. Moridae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

macrura, Gadella Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 2000:S68, Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 40 (Suppl. 1); ref. 25772] Mozambique Ridge, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ZMMSU P-20480. Paratypes: MNHN 1988-1481 (1), ZMMSU P-20481-83 (5, 1, 1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Gadella macrura Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:610 [ref. 28995], Struthers et al. 2015:845 [ref. 34267], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Gadella macrura Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000. Moridae. Distribution: Mozambique to Madagascar Ridge and Madagascar; Australia. Habitat: marine.

maraldi, Gadus Risso [A.] 1810:123, Pl. 6 (fig. 13) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:715 [ref. 13676], Paulin 1989:99 [ref. 9297], Cohen 1990:521 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:359 [ref. 18936], Sazonov 1996:546 [ref. 24655], Arruda 1997:72 [ref. 24952], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Santos et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23531], Uiblein et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24045], Kaya & Bilecenoğlu 2000:567 [ref. 25011], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:25 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], González et al. 2008:174 [ref. 29991], Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Ruiz-Pico et al. 2012:263 [ref. 32363], Deval 2013:311 [ref. 33114], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1998 [ref. 34586], Carneiro et al. 2019:139 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Rafrafi-Nouira et al. 2019:220 [ref. 37203], Bariche & Fricke 2020:47 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810). Moridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Madeira and Azores. Habitat: marine.

marginata, Lotella Macleay [W.] 1881:114 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16273-001 [ex MAMU F209] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lotella marginata Günther 1878, replaced by Lotella limbata Ogilby 1886 and by Lotella macleayi Rendahl 1920. Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on "Gadum rhacinum" as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin 1983:98 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442] as rhacinus, Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

marginata, Lotella Günther [A.] 1878:19 [3] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Pacific coast of southwestern South America, Challenger stations 305-308, depth 120-345 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.44 (1) station 307, 1887.12.7.23-24 (2) station 305, 1890.2.26.136 (1) station 308; 1890.2.26.137 (1, skeleton) station 308; NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1) station 308. Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:96 [ref. 20752]. On p. 3 of separate. See also Günther 1887:86, Pl. 14 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Austrophycis marginata (Günther 1878) -- (Paulin 1983:102 [ref. 5459], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:108 [ref. 14235], Paxton et al. 1989:299 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:356 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:150 [ref. 16024], Trunov 1992:6 [ref. 24540] as cf. marginata). •Valid as Notophycis marginata (Günther 1878) -- (Sazonov 2001:299 [ref. 25374] with subspecies, Duhamel et al. 2005:272 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:614 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:311 [ref. 30616], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Struthers et al. 2015:859 [ref. 34267], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Notophycis marginata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Distribution: Widespread in Southern Hemisphere (subspecies sometimes recognized). Habitat: marine.

marisrubri, Physiculus Brüss [R.] 1986:217, Figs. 1-2, 6-7, 12, 18-22 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 66 (nos 4/6); ref. 8103] Off Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, central Red Sea, 21°28.97'N, 38°15.55'E, depth 740-785 meters. Holotype: SMF 18120. Paratypes: SMF 18121-23 (1, 1, 1), 18124 (2), 18125 (3), 18126-29 (1, 1, 1, 1), 18130 (2), 18131-32 (1, 1). Plus additional material. •Valid as Physiculus marisrubri Brüss 1986 -- (Paulin 1989:118 [ref. 9297], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:151 [ref. 21210], Baranes & Golani 1993:303 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:15 [ref. 25356], Klausewitz 1994:465 [ref. 23564], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[23] 261 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:39 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus marisrubri Brüss 1986. Moridae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

maslowskii, Physiculus Trunov [I. A.] 1991:377 [114], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 31 (no. 3); ref. 20096] Northern part of Wavis Ridge, southern Atlantic, 20°47'S, 8°41'E, depth 400 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49530. Paratypes: ZIN 49531 (2). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. On p. 114 of English translation. •Valid as Physiculus maslowskii Trunov 1991 -- (Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1997 [ref. 34586], Pires et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus maslowskii Trunov 1991. Moridae. Distribution: South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

maxillaris, Lotella Bean [T. H.] 1884:241 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 429); ref. 16016] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 39°55'N, 70°28'W, depth 396 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 29832. •Synonym of Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:625 [ref. 23369]). Current status: Synonym of Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean 1883. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

maximowiczi, Lotella Herzenstein [S. M.] 1896:13 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2151] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 9689. •Genus Physiculus -- (Cohen 1979:228 [ref. 6950]). •See Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:103, 191 [ref. 8379]. •Valid as Physiculus maximowiczi (Herzenstein 1896) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:410 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:410 [ref. 26001], Yu & Ho 2012:47 [ref. 32507]). •Synonym of Physiculus japonicus Hilgendorf 1879 -- (Paulin 1989:112 [ref. 9297] as japonica, Mundy 2005:260 [ref. 28379] as japonica, Jang et al. 2016:32 [ref. 36306]). Current status: Synonym of Physiculus japonicus Hilgendorf 1879. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Antimora Pequeño [G.] 1970:14, Fig. 1 [Noticiario mensual, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (Santiago de Chile) v. 15 (no. 173); ref. 7740] Off Chile, 34°6'S, 72°26'W to 34°12'S, 72°25'W, depth 1400-1475 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHNC P.6665. Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:48[ref. 24124]. •Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878) -- (Paulin 1983:110 [ref. 5459], Chiu et al. 1990:183 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:354 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

mediterranea, Mora Risso [A.] 1827:224 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Unneeded replacement name for Gadus moro Risso 1810. •Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:325 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:721 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1990:522 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:369 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26753], Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2002 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Austrophycis Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:91 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 1); ref. 3272] Maroubra Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.3655. •Valid as Austrophycis megalops Ogilby 1897 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:299 [ref. 12442]). •Questionably a synonym of Austrophycis marginata (Günther 1878) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:356 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Pseudophycis breviuscula (Richardson 1846) -- (Sazonov 2001:293 [ref. 25374], Paxton et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudophycis breviuscula (Richardson 1846). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

melanurum, Laemonema Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:363, Pl. 90 (fig. 316) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Atlantic, 30°44'N, 79°26'W, Albatross station 2415, depth 440 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 38270. Paratypes: USNM 39269, and others. •Valid as Laemonema melanurum Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Paulin 1983:115 [ref. 5459], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:631 [ref. 23369], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1000 [ref. 27011], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:178 [ref. 37320]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema melanurum Goode & Bean 1896. Moridae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

microbarbata, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] & Matallanas [J.] 1990:137, Fig. 1 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 17; ref. 15775] Bissau, Guinea (11°30'N, 17°20'W), depth 234-387 meters. ICM 117/1987. Paratypes: ICM 118/1987 (1). •Valid as Physiculus microbarbata Paulin & Matallanas 1990 -- (Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1997 [ref. 34586], Pires et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus microbarbata Paulin & Matallanas 1990. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

microcephalus, Lepidion Cowper [T. R.] 1956:407, Figs. 1-2 [Pacific Science v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 12187] 12 miles east of Schouten Island, Tasmania, Australia, depth 400-420 fathoms. Holotype (unique): TMH D160/13225. Type catalog: Andrews 1971:2 [ref. 31471], Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Lepidion microcephalus Cowper 1956 -- (Paulin 1983:106 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:300 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:153 [ref. 16024], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:612 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:308 [ref. 30616], Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167] with question, Struthers et al. 2015:854 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion microcephalus Cowper 1956. Moridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Australia, New Zealand and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

microlepis, Antimora Bean [T. H.] 1890:38 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] Off Cape St. James, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada [Northeastern Pacific], 51°23'N, 130°34'W, Albatross station 2860, depth 876 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 45361 (2). •Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878) -- (Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589]). •Valid as Antimora microlepis Bean 1890 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:101, 189, 247, 323 [ref. 8379], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:100 [ref. 9277], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:114 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:353 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1283 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:239 [ref. 24555], Nakabo 2000:408 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:283 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:408 [ref. 26001], Orlov & Abramov 2002:70 [ref. 25960], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:999 [ref. 27011], Fedorov et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:257 [ref. 28379], Yu & Ho 2012:35 [ref. 32507], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:168 [ref. 33547], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205], Orlov et al. 2020:403 [ref. 37592]). Current status: Valid as Antimora microlepis Bean 1890. Moridae. Distribution: North Pacific: Japan north to Aleutian Islands Bering Sea south to Hawaiian Islands, in eastern Pacific south to Gulf of California (Mexico) and off Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

modestus, Haloporphyrus Franz [V.] 1910:28, Pl. 4 (fig. 13) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Yokohama, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WW II. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:277 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Laemonema robustum Johnson 1862 -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:634 [ref. 23369], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2000 [ref. 34586]). •Valid as Laemonema modestus (Franz 1910) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:92 [ref. 6441], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936] as modesta, Nakabo 2000:412 [ref. 25086] as modestum, Nakabo 2002:411 [ref. 26001] as modestum). Current status: Valid as Laemonema modestum (Franz 1910). Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

molokaiensis, Gadella Paulin [C. D.] 1989:100, Figs. 3, 5 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] Mamala Bay, off Pearl Harbor, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 1200 feet. Holotype: BPBM 28613. Paratypes: BPBM 29321-22 (3, 7), USNM 263718 (1). •Valid as Gadella molokaiensis Paulin 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S72 [ref. 25772] but may be a synonym of jordani, Mundy 2005:257 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Gadella molokaiensis Paulin 1989. Moridae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

moro, Gadus Risso [A.] 1810:116 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0856. Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244]. Also spelled mora in literature. •Valid as Mora moro (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:325 [ref. 6589], Trunov 1981:54 [ref. 8532] as cf. moro, Paulin 1983:112 [ref. 5459], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:721 [ref. 13676], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125] as mora, Cohen 1990:522 [ref. 15766], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165, 166 [ref. 36134], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:369 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:154 [ref. 16024], Trunov 1991:373 [ref. 20096], Gomon et al. 1994:331 [ref. 22532], Paulin & Roberts 1997:20 [ref. 23231], Santos et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:72 [ref. 24952], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:198 [ref. 24962], Bailly et al. 1999:234 [ref. 24244], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26753], Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], González et al. 2008:177 [ref. 29991], Gomon 2008:310 [ref. 30616], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Struthers et al. 2015:858 [ref. 34267], Bañón et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2002 [ref. 34586], Carneiro et al. 2019:141 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37519] as Mora mora). Current status: Valid as Mora moro (Risso 1810). Moridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Faroes south to Western Sahara, including Madeira, Azores and Canary Islands; southeastern Indian Ocean; western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

morosum, Laemonema Matsubara [K.] 1938:61, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 17157] Off Kinkazan, east of Ozika Peninsula, Japan. Holotype (unique): FAKU 5723 (apparently lost). •Synonym of Laemonema longipes Schmidt 1938 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:363 [ref. 18936], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:645 [ref. 23369]). Current status: Synonym of Laemonema longipes Schmidt 1938. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatum, Laemonema Thompson [W. F.] 1916:469, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 50 (no. 2133); ref. 4391] Off Lota, Chile, 38°08'S, 75°53'W, Albatross station 2791, depth 677 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 76858. •Synonym of Laemonema globiceps Gilchrist 1906 -- (Markle & Meléndez C. 1988:871 [ref. 9283]). •Valid as Laemonema multiradiatum Thompson 1916 -- (Paulin 1983:115 [ref. 5459] but questionably referred, Paxton et al. 1989:300 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Guttigadus globiceps (Gilchrist 1906) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:657 [ref. 23369], Paxton et al. 2006:610 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Guttigadus globiceps (Gilchrist 1906). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

nana, Laemonema (Guttigadus) Taki [I.] 1953:205, Fig. 7; Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University Series B Division 1 (Zoology) v. 14; ref. 4314] Ategi-jima near the Marine Biological Station, Japan, depth 25-35 meters. Holotype: ZIHU?. Paratypes: (2) ZIHU?. Additional material: (46) ZIHU? •Valid as Laemonema nana Taki 1953 -- (Paulin 1983:115 [ref. 5459], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Markle & Meléndez C. 1988:871 [ref. 9283], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:411 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:411 [ref. 26001], Takahashi et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27520], Shinohara et al. 2005:415 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Guttigadus nana (Taki 1953) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:659 [ref. 23369], Yu & Ho 2012:39 [ref. 32507], Sonoyama et al. 2020:28 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus nana (Taki 1953). Moridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Lepidion Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:62 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] KwaZulu-Natal coast, 30°08'05"S, 31°22'40"E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pickle station 156, depth 324 fathoms. Syntypes: (11) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 796 (3). Type information: Winterbottom 1974:3 [ref. 19544]. •Valid as Lepidion natalensis Gilchrist 1922 -- (Cohen 1986:327 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Trunov 1992:5 [ref. 24540], Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion natalensis Gilchrist 1922. Moridae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Physiculus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:63 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] KwaZulu-Natal coast, 29°44'30"S, 31°28'35"E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pickle station 128, depth 183 fathoms. Syntypes: (8) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 42 (3). Type information: Winterbottom 1974:6 [ref. 19544]. •Valid as Physiculus natalensis Gilchrist 1922 -- (Cohen 1986:328 [ref. 5646], Paulin 1989:118 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:172 [ref. 21210], Pires et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36974]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus natalensis Gilchrist 1922. Moridae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

nematopus, Physiculus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:114 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Both coasts of Baja California, Mexico, depth 71-221 fathoms. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1900.9 [or 8].29.249 (1); CAS-SU 141 (1); USNM 44282 (2), 46486 (2), 46555 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:55 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Physiculus nematopus Gilbert 1890 -- (Matarese et al. 1989:183 [ref. 26885], Paulin 1989:119 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Bussing & López S. 1994:72 [ref. 23101], Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1286 [ref. 22830], McCosker et al. 1997:25 [ref. 22816], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:2040 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:239 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35676], Burton & Lea 2019:50 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus nematopus Gilbert 1890. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

nielseni, Physiculus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1993:154, Fig. 2 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 128; ref. 21210] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, 11°11'S, 68°09'E, depth 200-305 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-17670. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:67 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus nielseni Shcherbachev 1993. Current status: Valid as Physiculus nielseni Shcherbachev 1993. Moridae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Physiculus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:105, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Verde Island Passage, 13°40'09"N, 120°57'45"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5296, depth 210 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72923. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Physiculus nigrescens Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442], Paulin 1989:118 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:370 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:158 [ref. 21210], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761] as nigrescens, Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847] as cf. nigrescens, Paxton et al. 2006:615 [ref. 28995], Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus nigrescens Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Moridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigripinnis, Physiculus Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:127, Pl. 80 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 26°46.0'N, 135°24.0'E, depth 342 meters. Holotype (unique): BSKU 26220. •Valid as Physiculus nigripinnis Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Paulin 1989:120 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:410 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:410 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:260 [ref. 28379], Shao et al. 2008:243 [ref. 29952], Yu & Ho 2012:51 [ref. 32507]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus nigripinnis Okamura 1982. Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

normani, Physiculus Brüss [R.] 1986:225, Figs. 3, 8, 13, 17, 23-26 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 66 (nos 4/6); ref. 8103] Western Indian Ocean, near Zanzibar, Tanzania, depth 238-293 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1939.5.24.802. Paratypes: BMNH 1939.5.24.803 (1); SMF 18781 (ex ZMH 5003) (7); ZMH 5003-04 (14, 2). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Physiculus normani Brüss 1986 -- (Paulin 1989:120 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:155 [ref. 21210]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus normani Brüss 1986. Moridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

norops, Gadella Paulin [C. D.] 1987:75 [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17720] 220 kilometers northwest of Port Hedland, Western Australia, 18°41'S, 116°46'E, depth 506-508 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22827-003. Paratypes: AMS I.17857-008 (1), I.19096-005 (3), I.21795-003 (1). Additional material: AMS I.21795-004 (2), I.21805-001 (1), I.22808-024 (1), I.22814-017 (1), I.23993 (1); NMNZ P.20267 (1), QM I.21030 (1); USNM 262973-76 (1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942] but with wrong date/reference. •Valid as Gadella norops Paulin 1987 -- (Paulin 1989:101 [ref. 9297], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Roberts 1997:23 [ref. 23231], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761]). •Synonym of Gadella jordani (Böhlke & Mead 1951) -- (Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S71 [ref. 25772], Jang et al. 2016:29 [ref. 36306]). Current status: Synonym of Gadella jordani (Böhlke & Mead 1951). Moridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

nudicephalum, Paralaemonema Trunov [I. A.] 1990:196 [81], Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 20187] Whale Ridge, southeastern Atlantic, 24°54'S, 6°25'E, depth 630-680 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 48158. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. On p. 81 of English translation. Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:663 [ref. 23369] list longitude as 61°25'E in the Indian Ocean, but the original description indicates s. Atlantic at 6°25'E. •Valid as Guttigadus nudicephalus (Trunov 1990) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:660 [ref. 23369] as nudicephalum, Struthers et al. 2015:843 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus nudicephalus (Trunov 1990). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and Indian Ocean to New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

nudirostre, Paralaemonema Trunov [I. A.] 1990:193 [77], Figs. 1-3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 20187] Southeastern Atlantic, 42°05'S, 1°21'E, depth 800 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48159. Paratypes: ZIN 48160-61 (3, 1), uncat. (1). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. Misspelled once as nudirostretira on p. 192. On p. 77 of English translation. Guttigadus is masculine according to Fricke 1/2017. •Status uncertain as Guttigadus nudirostre (Trunov 1990) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:663 [ref. 23369]). •Valid as Guttigadus nudirostris (Trunov 1990). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus nudirostris (Trunov 1990). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Physiculus Parin [N. V.] 1984:539 [54], Fig 2c, 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 24 (no. 4); ref. 16267] Nazca Ridge, 25°45'S, 85°22'W, depth 175-240 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46848. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (1); ZIN 46849 (2). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. On p. 54 of English translation. •Valid as Physiculus obscurus Parin 1984 -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Gadella obscura (Parin 1984) [sometimes as obscurus] -- (Paulin 1989:103 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:358 [ref. 18936], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S72 [ref. 25772]). Current status: Valid as Gadella obscurus (Parin 1984). Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

oidema, Haloporphyrus Tanaka [S.] 1927:796, Pl. 171 (fig. 472) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 41; ref. 14924] Off Misaki, Sagami Province, Japan, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype: ZMUT 14352. Paratypes: (several) ZMUT 14351 (1). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

pacifica, Mora Waite [E. R.] 1914:128, Pl. 5 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 46 (art. 22); ref. 14178] Kaikoura, New Zealand, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): CMC F453. Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:7 [ref. 22860]. •Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810) -- (Paulin 1983:112 [ref. 5459], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:369 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:331 [ref. 22532], Paulin & Roberts 1997:29 [ref. 23231], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2002 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Mora moro (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

palauense, Laemonema Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:137, Pl. 83 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 28°05'N, 134°42'E, depth 550 meters. Holotype: FUMT-P 1992-1. Paratypes: FUMT-P 1992-2 to 1992-4 (3); BSKU 35967-68 (2). •Valid as Laemonema palauense Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:92 [ref. 6441], Parin & Sazonov 1990:8 [ref. 20171], Paulin & Roberts 1997:25 [ref. 23231], Nakabo 2000:412 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:412 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242]). •Synonym of Laemonema rhodochir Gilbert 1905 -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:647 [ref. 23369], Mundy 2005:258 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:123 [ref. 30952], Yu & Ho 2012:41 [ref. 32507]). Current status: Synonym of Laemonema rhodochir Gilbert 1905. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

palmatus, Physiculus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:38 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: SMNS 1589 (1), 1792 (1, young, not found). Type information: Fricke 1992:13 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:48 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Pseudophycis barbata Günther 1863 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudophycis barbata Günther 1863. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

palustris, Asellus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1800:589 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Not available, name only in the account of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède. Moridae.

parini, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1991:138, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 20172] Western portion of the Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°07.2'S, 99°46.7'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 330-356 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18269. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18270-71 (1, 7). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:67 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus parini Paulin 1991 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus parini Paulin 1991. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paulini, Momonatira Trunov [I. A.] 1989:183 [95], Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 16286] Southeastern Atlantic, 41°52'S, 0°03'W, depth 1130 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48175. Paratypes: ZIN 48176-77 (1, 4). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. On p. 95 of English translation. •Valid as Momonatira paulini Trunov 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:368 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Guttigadus globosus (Paulin 1986) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:660 [ref. 23369]). Current status: Synonym of Guttigadus globosus (Paulin 1986). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

peregrinus, Pseudophycis Günther [A.] 1872:669 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: BMNH 1871.7.20.?. Other specimens: poor condition, discarded before description. •Valid as Physiculus peregrinus (Günther 1872) -- (Paulin 1989:121 [ref. 9297], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus peregrinus (Günther 1872). Moridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

phycis, Lota Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:248, Pl. 111 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3449. Paralectotypes: RMNH D1388-1389 (2, dry). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:181 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Lotella phycis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Cohen 1979:226 [ref. 6950], Paulin 1983:100 [ref. 5459], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:300 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:368 [ref. 18936], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Nakabo 2000:409 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:409 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:210, 539 [ref. 26218], Paxton et al. 2006:612 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:309 [ref. 30616], Shinohara et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31715], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], Struthers et al. 2015:856 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Lotella phycis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Moridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

provocator, Auchenoceros Whitley [G. P.] 1937:122 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 2); ref. 4689] Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH. Based on Auchenoceros sp. described by Günther 1889:27, Pl. 3 (fig. D) [ref. 2017]. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

punctatum, Calloptilum Hutton [F. W.] 1873:267, Pl. 11 (fig. 76a) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 5 (art. 28); ref. 2285] Cape Campbell, New Zealand. Lectotype: BMNH 1886.11.18.69 [ex OM]. Type catalog: Russell 1996:223-224 [ref. 22562] with a holotype but two localities were given so that additional material may have contributed to Hutton's understanding of this species; the described specimen was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:139 •Valid as Auchenoceros punctatus (Hutton 1873) -- (Paulin 1983:103 [ref. 5459], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:355 [ref. 18936], Struthers et al. 2015:844 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Auchenoceros punctatus (Hutton 1873). Moridae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

rastrelliger, Physiculus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:113 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off Baja California, Mexico, Albatross station 2987 and 3045, depth 171 and 184 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.9.29.248 [ex USNM] (1); CAS-SU 185 (13); USNM 44281 (1), 48266 (7), 57877 (2), 124974 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:55-56 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Physiculus rastrelliger Gilbert 1890 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:100 [ref. 9277], Paulin 1989:121 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:81 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:72 [ref. 23101], Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1287 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:205 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:240 [ref. 24555], Orr et al. 2000:34 [ref. 24942], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Burton & Lea 2019:50 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus rastrelliger Gilbert 1890. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru. Habitat: marine.

rhacinus, Gadus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:56, xxvii [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand. Neotype: NMNZ P.9640. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. Diagnosis on p. 56 under the name Gadum Rhacinum. Name Latinized to Gadus rhacinus in index, p. xxvii. Neotype designated by Paulin 1983:99 [ref. 5459]. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on "Gadum rhacinum" as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •Valid as Lotella rhacinus (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin 1983:98 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:300 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:368 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Roberts 1992:131 [ref. 24625], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167]). •Valid as Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801) -- (Kuiter 1993:58 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:330 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:50 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:612 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:309 [ref. 30616], Struthers et al. 2015:857 [ref. 34267], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

rhina, Antimora Garman [S.] 1899:185 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°6'15"N, 80°34'W, Albatross station 3353, depth 695 fathoms; 7°15'N, 79°36'W, station 3393, depth 1020 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28610-11 (3). •Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878) -- (Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589], Paulin 1983:110 [ref. 5459], Chiu et al. 1990:183 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:354 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

rhodochir, Laemonema Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:657, Fig. 255 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3810, depth 53-211 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51623. •Valid as Laemonema rhodochir Gilbert 1905 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:139 [ref. 8256], Paulin 1983:115 [ref. 5459], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Parin & Sazonov 1990:8 [ref. 20171], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:647 [ref. 23369], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761], Mundy 2005:258 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:123 [ref. 30952], Okamoto et al. 2008:235 [ref. 35246], Yu & Ho 2012:41 [ref. 32507]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema rhodochir Gilbert 1905. Moridae. Distribution: Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Hawaiian Islands, Sala-y-Gomez Ridge (southeastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

rhodopinnis, Physiculus Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:119, Pl. 78 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, western Pacific, 26°12'N, 135°45'E, depth 362-540 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29484. Paratypes: BSKU 30343-44 (2), 30845-46 (2), 31927 (1); FUMT-P 1994-95 (1, 4); HUMZ 92373-74 (2). •Valid as Physiculus rhodopinnis Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Paulin 1989:122 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:411 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:411 [ref. 26001], Yu & Ho 2012:53 [ref. 32507], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus rhodopinnis Okamura 1982. Moridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Hydra Seamount near Farquhar Atoll (Seychelles) east to Hawaiian Ridge, north to Kyushu-Palau Ridge. Habitat: marine.

rissoii, Lepidion Swainson [W.] 1838:319 [The natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, & reptiles, or monocardian animals. v. 1; ref. 4302] No types known. •Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:366 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

robustum, Laemonema Günther [A.] 1862:357 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.6.14.15. Appeared first in Johnson 1862 (Sept.):171 [ref. 2357]. Description in Günther above not attributed to Johnson although specimen was the same; perhaps can stand on its own as a separate description (absolute homonym) as appeared in Günther. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Laemonema robustum Johnson 1862. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

robustum, Laemonema Johnson [J. Y.] 1862:171 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 10 June 1862); ref. 2357] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.6.14.15 (lost in the Post). Appeared as above first, then in Günther 1862 (Nov.):357 [ref. 1969] without credit to Johnson. Authorship sometimes seen as Günther. •Valid as Laemonema robustum Johnson 1862 -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:135 [ref. 8256], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:717 [ref. 13676], Edwards & Glass 1987:630 [ref. 9166], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Parin & Sazonov 1990:6 [ref. 20171], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:634 [ref. 23369], Mundy 2005:258 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:611 [ref. 28995], González et al. 2008:175 [ref. 29991], Okamoto et al. 2008:235 [ref. 35246], González et al. 2010:219 [ref. 36922], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Struthers et al. 2015:852 [ref. 34267], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2000 [ref. 34586], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:140 [ref. 37250], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:178 [ref. 37320]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema robustum Johnson 1862. Moridae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico). Habitat: marine.

roseus, Physiculus Alcock [A. W.] 1891:28 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 8 (no. 43/44); ref. 87] Andaman Sea, 11°31'40"N, 92°46'40"E, Investigator station 115, depth 188-220 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13047. Alcock specimens (not a type): BMNH 1898.7.13.7 [ex ZSI F325/1] (1) Andamans, depth 185 fathoms. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:137 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:37 [ref. 22148], Talwar 1977:636 [ref. 26599]. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Physiculus roseus Alcock 1891 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:302 [ref. 12442], Paulin 1989:122 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:175 [ref. 21210], Paulin & Roberts 1997:29 [ref. 23231], Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761] as roseum, Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:615 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:52 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2020:322 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus roseus Alcock 1891. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Bay of Bengal (India) and Myanmar east to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Haloporphyrus Günther [A.] 1878:18 [2] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Midway between Cape of Good Hope and Kerguelen Island; east of Río de la Plata mouth, depth 600 and 1375 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.36-37 (1, 1). On p. 2 of separate. See also Günther 1887:93, Pl. 16 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878) -- (Paulin 1983:110 [ref. 5459], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:714 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1986:326 [ref. 5646], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:112 [ref. 14235], Scott & Scott 1988:254 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:298 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165, 166 [ref. 36134], McAllister 1990:114 [ref. 14674], Cohen 1990:520 [ref. 15766], Chiu et al. 1990:183 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:354 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Amaoka et al. 1990:149 [ref. 16024], Trunov 1992:19 [ref. 20711], Miller 1993:556 [ref. 21297], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:106 [ref. 22531], Gomon et al. 1994:326 [ref. 22532], Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1284 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:239 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:99 [ref. 24106], Meléndez & Pequeño 1999:466 [ref. 24457], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:156 [ref. 25013], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:283 [ref. 25968], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:999 [ref. 27011], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Duhamel et al. 2005:262 [ref. 32059], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:609 [ref. 28995], González et al. 2008:174 [ref. 29991], Gomon 2008:303 [ref. 30616], Costa & Mincarone 2010:326 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:40 [ref. 30775], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Møller et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31169], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:101 [ref. 37485], Struthers et al. 2015:843 [ref. 34267], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 92 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2003 [ref. 34586], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359], Carneiro et al. 2019:139 [ref. 37250], Orlov et al. 2019:175 [ref. 36733], Orlov et al. 2020:404 [ref. 37592]). Current status: Valid as Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical, temperate and Antarctic waters of southern Hemisphere; tropical, temperate and Arctic waters of North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Lepidion Swainson [W.] 1839:300 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] No types known. Based on Risso, xi. fig. 40. p. 118. New name for Gadus lepidion Risso 1810. •Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:366 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

rubiginosa, Lotella Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:354, 359 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Lotella fuliginosa Günther 1862 (from the Haslar collection [from Syndey]). Authorship was attributed to Günther on p. 354. Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on "Gadum rhacinum" as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •In the synonymy of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae.

rubiginosus, Blennius Richardson [J.] (ex Solander) 1843:27 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Not available, Solander name mentioned in passing under Brosmius venustus. Moridae.

sazonovi, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1991:139, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 20172] Western portion of the Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°02.6'S, 97°29.2'W, depth 260-272 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-18272. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:67 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Physiculus sazonovi Paulin 1991 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus sazonovi Paulin 1991. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

schlegeli, Lotella Kaup [J. J.] 1858:88 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3449. Paralectotypes: RMNH D1388-1389 (2, dry). Unneeded substitute for Lota phycis Temminck & Schlegel 1846 and takes the same type specimens. •Objective synonym of Lotella phycis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:612 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella phycis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

schmidti, Lepidion Svetovidov [A. N.] 1936:266, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 113 (nos 9/10); ref. 13751] Sagami Bay, Misaki, Japan, depth 550-700 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 22883. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Lepidion schmidti Svetovidov 1936 -- (Cohen 1973:325 [ref. 6589], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:99, 189 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441], Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:720 [ref. 13676] tentative identification, Paxton et al. 1989:300 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:364 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:171 [ref. 26605], Santos et al. 1997:125 [ref. 23531], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:197 [ref. 24962], Nakabo 2000:409 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847] as cf. schmidti, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:282 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:409 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:259 [ref. 28379], Duhamel et al. 2005:270 [ref. 32059] as cf. schmidti, Paxton et al. 2006:612 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:308 [ref. 30616], Arronte et al. 2011:1708 [ref. 31611], Bañón et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32386], Parin et al. 2014:170 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], Struthers et al. 2015:855 [ref. 34267], Carneiro et al. 2019:141 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Lepidion schmidti Svetovidov 1936. Moridae. Distribution: North Atlantic; northwestern and southwestern Pacific; ?Southern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

schuettei, Lotella Steindachner [F.] 1866:52 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (2) not found at NMW. Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:466, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 4210]; also on p. 43 of separate. •Valid as Lotella schuettei Steindachner 1866 -- (Kuiter 1993:59 [ref. 23929]). •Synonym of Lotella phycis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Paulin 1983:100 [ref. 5459] as schuetti, Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:612 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella phycis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

spatium, Pterophycis Ho [H.-C.] 2019:33, Figs. 1A, 2A, 3, 4 [Zootaxa 4702 (no. 1); ref. 37148] Fish market, Ke-tzu-liao, Kaohsiung, southwestern Taiwan, western Taiwan Strait. Holotype: NMMB-P22891. Paratype: ASIZP 58039 (1). •Valid as Pterophycis spatium Ho 2019. Current status: Valid as Pterophycis spatium Ho 2019. Moridae. Distribution: Southwestern Taiwan, western Taiwan Strait. Habitat: marine.

squamirostre, Paralaemonema Trunov [I. A.] 1990:197 [83], Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 20187] Southeastern Atlantic, off southwestern South Africa, 31°20'S, 15°51'E, depth 517 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 48157. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. On p. 83 of English translation. •Status uncertain as Guttigadus squamirostre (Trunov 1990) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:664 [ref. 23369]). •Valid as Guttigadus squamirostris (Trunov 1990). Current status: Valid as Guttigadus squamirostris (Trunov 1990). Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sterops, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1989:123, Figs. 11, 14 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] Kealai Kahiki Channel, 20°44'N, 156°52'W, Lanai, Hawaiian Islands, depth 205-221 meters. Holotype: BPBM 23722. Paratypes: BPBM 23685 (5, now 4), 23989 (13, now 10), 24597 (11), 24865 (2), 28122 (2). Non-types: BPBM (18 lots, 154). •Valid as Physiculus sterops Paulin 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:260 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:124 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus sterops Paulin 1989. Moridae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

sudanensis, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1989:124, Figs. 12, 14 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 16; ref. 9297] Sudan coast, Red Sea, 26°20'N, 14°53'W, depth 782 meters [in error]. Holotype: MNHN 1886-0572. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (1, 2); MNHN 1886-0570 to 0571 (1, 1), 1886-0573 to 0574 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:235 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Physiculus sudanensis Paulin 1989 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1993:162 [ref. 21210], Bailly et al. 1999:235 [ref. 24244], Golani & Fricke 2018:39 [ref. 36273]). •Synonym of Physiculus dalwigki Kaup 1858 -- (Biscoito & González 2018:190 [ref. 35998]). Current status: Synonym of Physiculus dalwigki Kaup 1858. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

svetovidovi, Gadella Trunov [I. A.] 1992:15 [40], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 20771] Walvis Ridge, 24°53'S, 6°25'E, southeastern Atlantic, depth 560 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48171. Paratypes: ZIN 48172-74 (1, 1, 1), ?uncat (1). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. On p. 40 of English translation. •Valid as Gadella svetovidovi Trunov 1992 -- (Sazonov 1996:546 [ref. 24655], González et al. 2008:175 [ref. 29991], Ruiz-Pico et al. 2012:263 [ref. 32363]). Current status: Valid as Gadella svetovidovi Trunov 1992. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

svetovidovi, Tripterophycis Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1986:1099, Fig. 1 [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 65 (no. 7); ref. 8047] Sala y Gomez Ridge, southeastern Pacific, 25°18'08"S, 93°34'.02"W, depth 610 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46850. Paratypes: AMS I.24658-001 (1), I.24851-008 (2). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Tripterophycis svetovidovi Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1986 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:378 [ref. 18936], Sazonov & Pakhorukov 1991:672 [ref. 20086], Paulin & Roberts 1997:37 [ref. 23231], Long & McCosker 1998:4 [ref. 23349], Paxton et al. 2006:617 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Struthers et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Tripterophycis svetovidovi Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1986. Moridae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

swanii, Lotella Johnston [R. M.] 1883:126 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Tasmania, Australia. No types known. Name apparently should be rhacina when in Lotella, based on "Gadum rhacinum" as used by Forster and Gadus rhacinus on p. xxvii. •Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin 1983:98 [ref. 5459], Paxton et al. 1989:301 [ref. 12442] as rhacinus, Paxton et al. 2006:613 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

talarae, Physiculus Hildebrand [S. F.] & Barton [O.] 1949:8, Fig. 3 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 111 (no. 10); ref. 13015] Talara, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 144255. •Valid as Physiculus talarae Hildebrand & Barton 1949 -- (Paulin 1989:125 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1288 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:240 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus talarae Hildebrand & Barton 1949. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California (but not Gulf of California) to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

tasmaniensis, Notophycis marginata Sazonov [Yu. I.] 2001:302 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 25374] 42°41'S, 148°25'E, depth 452 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 275. Paratypes: AMS I.26824-006 (3), I.29756-004 (1); CSIRO H 3503-01 (1), H 2148-01 (6), T 1032 (1). Plus non-type matrerial. •Synonym of Notophycis marginata (Günther 1878), but a valid subspecies tasmaniensis Sazonov 2001 as described -- (Gomon 2008:311 [ref. 30616]). Current status: Synonym of Notophycis marginata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Distribution: Australian and New Zealand population (this subspecies). Habitat: marine.

therosideros, Physiculus Paulin [C. D.] 1987:76 [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17720] Scott Point, New South Wales, Australia, 30°43'S, 153°16'E, depth 134-151 meters. Holotype: AMS I.23685-006. Paratypes: AMS I.15550-003 (3); QM I.21060. Additional material: MNHN 1980-0335 (1), 1980-0560 (1); QM I.21145 (1); ZMUC 676 (1). •Valid as Physiculus therosideros Paulin 1987 -- (Paulin 1989:126 [ref. 9297], Paulin et al. 1989:119 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Paulin & Roberts 1997:34 [ref. 23231], Iwamoto 1999:1996 [ref. 24761], Paxton et al. 2006:615 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Struthers et al. 2015:861 [ref. 34267]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus therosideros Paulin 1987. Moridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia to Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

thysthlon, Gadella Long [D. J.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1998:1, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 45 (no. 1); ref. 23349] Off Cabo Hammond, 00°28'S, 91°37'W, Isla Fernandina, Galápagos Islands, depth 570 meters. Holotype: CAS 86541. Paratypes: CAS 86550 (2), 86563 (1); USNM 418180 (1). •Valid as Gadella thysthlon Long & McCosker 1998 -- (Sazonov & Shcherbachev 2000:S72 [ref. 25772], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Gadella thysthlon Long & McCosker 1998. Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

tosaensis, Physiculus Kamohara [T.] 1936:446, Fig. 1 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 13706] Off Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 9694. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:9 [ref. 19282]. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:9 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Lotella tosaensis (Kamohara 1936) -- (Cohen 1979:227 [ref. 6950], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:368 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:409 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:303 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:409 [ref. 26001], Prokofiev 2008:861 [ref. 29938] as cf. tosaensis, Yu & Ho 2012:42 [ref. 32507], Shinohara et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Lotella tosaensis (Kamohara 1936). Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, Taiwan and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

trunovi, Notophycis marginata Sazonov [Yu. I.] 2001:302, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 25374] 42°03'S, 0°11'E, depth 550-580 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48185. Paratypes: MNHN 1988-21 to 22 (1, 1); ZIN 48183-84 (1, 2); ZMMU P-15589 (1), P-19308 (1). •Synonym of Notophycis marginata (Günther 1878), but a valid subspecies trunovi Sazonov 2001 as described. Current status: Synonym of Notophycis marginata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

uraleptus, Merluccius Costa [O. G.] 1849:Gadoides p. 171, Pls. 1-3 [Atti dell'accademia Pontaniana, Napoli v. 5 (fasc. 3); ref. 18043] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen 1990:521 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:359 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1998 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

venustus, Brosmius Richardson [J.] 1843:27 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Not available, no distinguishing features given; reference made to unpublished Parkinson figure. Moridae.

verecundum, Lepidion Jordan [D. S.] & Cramer [F.] in Gilbert 1897:456 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Near Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico, 18°17'15"N, 114°44'30"W, Albatross station 2993, depth 364 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 47748. •Valid as Laemonema verecunda (Jordan & Cramer 1897) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936] atributed to Gilbert 1899). •Valid as Microlepidium verecundum (Jordan & Cramer 1897) -- (Paulin in Fischer et al. 1995:1285 [ref. 22830]). •Valid as Laemonema verecundum (Jordan & Cramer 1897) -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:650 [ref. 23369], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Okamoto et al. 2008:235 [ref. 35246], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Morales-Azpeitia et al. 2017:123 [ref. 36166]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema verecundum (Jordan & Cramer 1897). Moridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

viola, Haloporphyrus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1879:257 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 1 (no. 40); ref. 18131] Outer edge of Le Have Bank, northwestern Atlantic, depth 400-500 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 21837. Paratypes: USNM 21838 (1). •Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878) -- (Cohen 1973:322 [ref. 6589], Paulin 1983:110 [ref. 5459], Scott & Scott 1988:256 [ref. 25518], Chiu et al. 1990:183 [ref. 21687], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:354 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:326 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Antimora rostrata (Günther 1878). Moridae. Habitat: marine.

vitellius, Gargilius Koefoed [E.] 1953:11 [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 6486] North Atlantic, 40°17'N, 50°39'W, station 67, 2200 meters wire out. Holotype (unique): ZMUB 4471. Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:148 [ref. 21547]. •Synonym of Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:625 [ref. 23369]). Current status: Synonym of Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean 1883. Moridae. Habitat: marine.

yarrellii, Phycis Lowe [R. T.] 1838:190 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 2 (pt 3, art. 14); ref. 2831] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.12.26.482. •Valid as Laemonema yarrellii (Lowe 1838) -- (Cohen 1973:324 [ref. 6589] as yarrelli, Cohen in Whitehead et al. 1986:718 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1990:522 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:636 [ref. 23369] as yarrelli, Uiblein et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24045], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:157 [ref. 25013], González et al. 2008:174 [ref. 29991], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2001 [ref. 34586], Carneiro et al. 2019:140 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema yarrellii (Lowe 1838). Moridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

yoshidae, Physiculus Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:123, Pl. 79 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 26°45.8'N, 135°22.5'E, depth 326-340 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29305. Paratypes: BSKU 26175-78 (4), 26219 (1), 30615-17 (3), 31366 (1), 31873-74 (2). •Valid as Physiculus yoshidae Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:91 [ref. 6441], Paulin 1989:127 [ref. 9297], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:371 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:411 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:411 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:415 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Physiculus yoshidae Okamura 1982. Moridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

yuvto, Laemonema Parin [N. V.] & Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1990:6, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 37 (no. 1); ref. 20171] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°10'S, 90°10'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 545-600 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 49186. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Laemonema yuvto Parin & Sazonov 1990 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:361 [ref. 18936], Meléndez C. & Markle 1997:650 [ref. 23369], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536]). Current status: Valid as Laemonema yuvto Parin & Sazonov 1990. Moridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Sala y Gomez Ridge. Habitat: marine.