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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Myctophidae: [ 399 ] records


acanthurus, Lampanyctus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:17, Fig. 8 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] North Pacific, 27°25'N, 155°32'W, from surface to depth of about 560 meters. Holotype: SIO 71-305. Paratypes: BPBM 14314 [ex SIO 72-9] (1); CAS 15992-93 [ex SIO] (1, 2); LACM 33364-1 (1), 33365-1 (1) [ex SIO]; SIO 63-405 to 406 (1, 1), 70-102 (1), 71-309 (3), 72-373 (6); USNM 208465 [ex SIO 71-307] (2). •Valid as Lampanyctus acanthurus Wisner 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:390 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:390 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:224 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus acanthurus Wisner 1974. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

acanthurus, Scopelus Facciolà [L.] 1882:166 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 1 (no. 7); ref. 1291] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled aoanthurus initially but apparently in error. Spelled acanthurus by Facciolà 1882 [ref. 17475] and subsequent authors. •Synonym of Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe 1839) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:174 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:403 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe 1839). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

achirus, Lampanyctus Andriashev [A. P.] 1962:256, Fig. 27 [Issledovanija fauny morej = Explorations of the fauna of the seas, Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Zoologiceskij Institut v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 9192] Pacific Antarctica, 64°36'S, 108°52'W, 1000 meters of wire out. Holotype: ZIN 36111 (124 mm). Paratypes: CAS 15646 (1), ZIN 36635-37 (1, 7, 3). •Valid as Nannobrachium achirus (Andriashev 1962) -- (Zahuranec 2000:37 [ref. 24618], Duhamel et al. 2005:216 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:527 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:290 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:666 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1918 [ref. 34576]). •Valid as Lampanyctus achirus Andriashev 1962 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:306 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:263 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:435 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:162 [ref. 21685], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus achirus Andriashev 1962. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

adenomus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:592, Pl. 68 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Kaiwi Channel, between Oahu Island and Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4106, depth 335-350 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51588. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8559 (1); USNM 51515 (1), 51588 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:442 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:406 [ref. 15273], Becker 1992:5 [ref. 20772], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:629 [ref. 23897], Nakabo 2000:392 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:392 [ref. 26001], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379], Hulley 2016:1885 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic; Pacific, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

aeolochrus, Myctophum (Diaphus) Barnard [K. H.] 1927:1021 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 194] About 60 miles west south-west of Table Bay, South Africa, depth 200 fathoms depth (stomach content). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.7.6.3 [ex SAM]. •Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672] as aelochrus, Hulley 1990:410 [ref. 15273] as aelochrus). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 252 [32], Fig. 10 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] 8°44'N, 21°00'W. Lectotype: ZMUC 16. Paralectotypes: (77) ZMUC, Atlantic and Indian oceans, from 37 stations. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Bolin 1959:15 [ref. 503]. •Valid as Myctophum affine (Lütken 1892) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Scott & Scott 1988:226 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:452 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:665 [ref. 23897], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Chen 2002:143 [ref. 26587] as affinis, Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2015:9 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1915 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2019:68[ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum affine (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

agassizii, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:226, Pl. 2 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nuka Hiva Island, Marquesas Islands, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75764. Paratypes: CAS-SU 20388 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Questionably valid as Diaphus agassizii Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Diaphus agassizii Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus agassizii Gilbert 1908. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ahlstromi, Metelectrona Wisner [R. L.] 1963:25, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1963 (no. 1); ref. 4759] About 400 miles southeast of New Zealand, 46°53'S, 179°48'W, depth surface to 2000 meters. Holotype (unique): SIO 61-45. •Synonym of Metelectrona ventralis (Bekker 1963) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:312 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:166 [ref. 21685]). •Valid as Electrona ahlstromi (Wisner 1963) -- (Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Metelectrona ahlstromi Wisner 1963 -- (Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536]). Current status: Valid as Metelectrona ahlstromi Wisner 1963. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

alatus, Lampanyctus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:79, Pl. 24 (fig. 92) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf of Mexico off Florida, 28°43'N, 87°14'30"W, Albatross station 2393, depth 525 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 43769. Paralectotypes: USNM 205269 [ex USNM 43769] (1), ? plus 1 missing. Lectotype selected by Bolin 1959:27 [ref. 503]. •Valid as Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:186 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:460 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:306 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:220 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:263 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:436 [ref. 15273], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:656 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:389 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:176 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:389 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:224 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:522 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:286 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:661 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1906 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, except not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aliciae, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:295, Fig. 53 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Bohol and Leyte islands, Philippines, Albatross station D.5233. Holotype: USNM 92316. Paratypes: (2) USNM 122349 (2). •Valid as Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:289 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:202 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

altifrons, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:11, Fig. 4 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 10°06'S, 187°[sic]23'W, depth 1000-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36107. Paratypes: (1, 1, 3). •Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

anderseni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:134, Fig. 6 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Southwest of Fiji Islands [South Pacific], 20°00'S, 174°29'E, depth about 200 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329194. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus anderseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:289 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:407 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:512 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:638 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1886 [ref. 34576], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus anderseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

anderssoni, Myctophum Lönnberg [E.] 1905:763 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 23); ref. 15369] South Atlantic, 48°54'S, 51°40'W, depth 2700 meters. Lectotype: NRM 43057. Paralectotypes: NRM 43058 (2). Also appeared as new in Lönnberg 1905:64, Fig. 1 [ref. 2839]. Lectotype reportedly designated by Bolin 1948 [not researched, not designated here, in NRM online database 9/99]. •Valid as Protomyctophum anderssoni (Lönnberg 1905) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Krefftichthys anderssoni (Lönnberg 1905) -- (Hulley 1986:303 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:115 [ref. 24556], Hulley 1990:161 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:516 [ref. 21297], Duhamel et al. 2005:206 [ref. 32059], Robertson & Clements 2015:658 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Krefftichthys anderssoni (Lönnberg 1905). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

andreae, Scopelus (Rhinoscopelus) Lütken [C. F.] 1892:209 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1891; ref. 13407] Jacobshavn, Greenland. Holotype: ZMUC 94 (lost). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:41 [ref. 9588]. Also described in Lütken 1892:245 [ref. 2858]. •Valid as Centrobranchus andreae (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:173 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:255 [ref. 12442], Gago & Lavenberg 1992:154 [ref. 19897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:380 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:156 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:380 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:212 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:512 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Psomadakis et al. 2012:16 [ref. 33457], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Centrobranchus andreae (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal, tropical Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

andriashevi, Protomyctophum Becker [V. E.] 1963:19, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 4155] South Atlantic, 42°16'S, 39°00'W, depth 312-332 [or 228-234] meters. Holotype: ZIN 36803. Paratypes: (4) + (1). •Valid as Protomyctophum andriashevi Becker 1963 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:317 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:170 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:519 [ref. 21297], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536]). •Valid as Protomyctophum andriashevi Becker 1963 -- (Prokofiev 2004:73 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:220 [ref. 32059], Robertson & Clements 2015:675 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum andriashevi Becker 1963. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

angustidens, Scopelus Risso [A.] 1820:267 [Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino v. 25; ref. 15557] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Myctophidae. Habitat: marine.

anomala, Lampadena Parr [A. E.] 1928:150, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Near Bermuda, western North Atlantic, 32°24'N, 64°29'W, depth 10000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2272. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Lampadena anomala Parr 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:303 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:431 [ref. 15273], Swinney 1991:959 [ref. 36247], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:654 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:12 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Niass & Ozawa 2000:299 [ref. 24806], Wang & Chen 2001:114 [ref. 25464], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:223 [ref. 28379], Hulley 2016:1902 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena anomala Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

antarcticus, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1878:184 [17] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Antarctic Ocean, Challenger station 156, depth 1975 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1887.12.7.215. Non-types: BMNH 1887.12.7.216 (1). On p. 17 of separate. See also Günther 1887:196, Pl. 51 (fig. D) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Electrona antarctica (Günther 1878) -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:297 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:149 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:526 [ref. 21297], Duhamel et al. 2005:168 [ref. 32059]). Current status: Valid as Electrona antarctica (Günther 1878). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

antelucens, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:13 [6], Fig. 5 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 12°55'N, 154°04'E, depth 6000-0 meters over 6300 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36105. Paratypes: (1). On p. 6 of English translation. •Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

anteorbitalis, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:92, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Off Shiwo Misako, Japan, 33°24'50"N, 135°38'40"E, Albatross station 4968, depth 253 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74471. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22434 (1), USNM 74502 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:406 [ref. 15273], Becker 1992:5 [ref. 20772]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

antonbruuni, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:25, Fig. 22 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 7°56'S, 65°14'E, depth to 504 meters. Holotype: LACM 31389-16. Paratypes: LACM 31389-7 and -8 (1, 1); USNM 216997 (2), ZMUC P2334920-21 (2). •Valid as Diaphus antonbruuni Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:289 [ref. 5672], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus antonbruuni Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

aphya, Gymnoscopelus Günther [A.] 1873:91 [11] [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 6424] Near Strait of Magellan, 55°S, 85°W. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.8.1.42. On p. 11 of separate. Senior synonym of Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Gilbert 1911); ICZN Art. 23.9 (Reversal of precedence) does not apply as the name has been used as valid after 1899. •Valid as Gymnoscopelus aphya Günther 1873 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125]). •As a forgotten name that would be a senior synonym of Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Gilbert 1911) -- (Hulley 1986:300 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:155 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus aphya Günther 1873. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

arabicus, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:77, Fig. 76 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Arabian Sea, 17°46'N, 65°02'E, depth 0-468 meters. Holotype: LACM 31334-6. Paratypes: LACM 31334-7 (1), 31334-8 to 10 (3), 31335-4 to 8 (5); USNM 217000 (4), ZMUC P2334922-23 (2). •Valid as Diaphus arabicus Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus arabicus Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

arcticus, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:207 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1891; ref. 13407] Davis Strait, Greenland. Lectotype: ZMUC 81. Paralectotypes: ZMUC 87x (1), 89x (1), 93 (1), 97x (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:42 [ref. 9588] with lectotype selected by Wisner (in press). Also appeared in Lütken 1892:(236) 249 [29], Fig. 6 [ref. 2858]. •Valid as Protomyctophum arcticum (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:196 [ref. 7181], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:479 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:231 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:110 [ref. 14674], Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531], Porteiro et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24203], Bañón Díaz et al. 2001:290 [ref. 26424], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 257 [ref. 36199], Hulley 2016:1924 [ref. 34576], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:107 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum arcticum (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic areas. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Scopelus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:15, Pl. 36 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] Three localities off South Africa. Syntypes: (8) BMNH 1927.12.6.4-6 (3), ?1947.12.27.1-2 (2); SAM 12671-72 (4, 2), 12675 (2). •Synonym of Lampanyctodes hectoris (Günther 1876) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:305 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:434 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctodes hectoris (Günther 1876). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

ashmeadi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:311, Fig. 66 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5291, 13°29'40"N, 121°00'45"E, depth 173 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93161. •Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440] with question, Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

asperum, Myctophum Richardson [J.] 1845:41, Pl. 27 (figs. 13-15) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] No locality stated. Lectotype: BMNH 1855.9.19.1529. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.1530 (1). Lectotype selected by Wisner 1970:365 [ref. 19274]. •Valid as Myctophum asperum Richardson 1845 -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:111, 341 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:185, 350 [ref. 8057], Hulley 1986:313 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:227 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:266 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:453 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:666 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:384 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Wang & Chen 2001:116 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:139 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:384 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:203, 535 [ref. 26218], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:227 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:525 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Shinohara et al. 2014:239 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:158 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:670 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1915 [ref. 34576], Motomura et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36673]). •Valid as Dasyscopelus asper (Richardson 1845) -- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716] as asperum). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus asper (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

astridae, Diaphus Giltay [L.] 1929:29, Figs. 1-2 [Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique v. 60; ref. 15896] Coast of Manokwari, New Guinea [West Papua, Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 34 [ex IRSNB 2548]. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:9 [ref. 20755]. •Synonym of Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440] with question, Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

ater, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:68 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 30°17'N, 20°44'W, Dana station 1152 I, 7000 meters of wire out (depth ca. 3500 meters). Lectotype: ZMUC P2330209 [not P2330212]. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:38 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Nannobrachium atrum (Tåning 1928) -- (Zahuranec 2000:17 [ref. 24618], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:231 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:527 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:666 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1919 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Lampanyctus ater Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:187 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:461 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:307 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:221 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:437 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:163 [ref. 21685] with lectotype as P2330212 and different locality, Santos et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:47 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:657 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:37 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus ater Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

atkinsoni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:321, Fig. 75 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Verde Island Passage and Batangas Bay, Philippines, Albatross station D.5268, 13°42'N, 120°57'15"E, depth 170 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93159. •Questionably a synonym of Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

atlantica, Lampadena urophaos Maul [G. E.] 1969:2, Figs. 1-2 [Bocagiana. Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural) No. 22; ref. 7830] Caught on longline off Câmara de Lobos, Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MMF 2464. Paratypes: LV 7 (1); MMF 6696 (1), 7583 (1), 8654 (1), 14516 (1), 14973 (1), 11447 (1), 16405 (1), 20048 (1), 21724-31 (8), 22678 (1). •Questionably a synonym of Lampadena urophaos Paxton 1963 -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Lampadena urophaos Paxton 1963, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:185 [ref. 7181], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:458 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1990:434 [ref. 15273], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029]). •Valid as Lampadena urophaos atlantica Maul 1969 -- (Hulley 2016:1905 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena atlantica Maul 1969. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

atlanticum, Myctophum laternatum Tåning [A. V.] 1928:56 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 570 kilometers west of Iouik, Mauritania], 20°00'N, 21°55'W. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329229. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2329230 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Tåning 1931, Figs. 1-2. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:12 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diogenichthys atlanticus (Tåning 1928) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:181 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:450 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:296 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:216 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:422 [ref. 15273], Boschung 1992:72 [ref. 23239], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Santos et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:45 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:647 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:35 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:381 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:117 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:381 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:220 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:518 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:277 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:650 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1898 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diogenichthys atlanticus (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands), larvae straying into western Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

atratum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:268 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Northeastern Pacific, 25°26'15"N, 109°48'W, Albatross station 3433, depth 1218 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28491. •Valid as Hygophum atratum (Garman 1899) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:235 [ref. 24545], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:130 [ref. 26587], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum atratum (Garman 1899). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aurolaternatum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:264, Pl. 55 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Malpelo-Culpepper Islands, eastern Pacific, 6°21'N, 80°41'W, Albatross station 3382, surface. Syntypes: (25) MCZ 28494 (3), 35191 (1); ?USNM 120276 [ex MCZ 28495] (4); YPM 3704 [ex MCZ 28494] (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Myctophum aurolaternatum Garman 1899 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:313 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:166 [ref. 24555], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:384 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:116 [ref. 25464], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:134 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:384 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:228 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum aurolaternatum Garman 1899. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and California (U.S.A.) to Peru, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

australis, Lampanyctus alatus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:145 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Off New Zealand, 41°47'S, 176°55'E, about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330216. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:44 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Lampanyctus australis Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:307 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:437 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:164 [ref. 21685], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:140 [ref. 25472], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Duhamel et al. 2005:399 [ref. 32059] with question, Paxton et al. 2006:523 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:287 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:661 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1906 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565] with author as (Tåning 1932)). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus australis Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

barnardi, Myctophum humboldti Tåning [A. V.] 1932:128 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Cape Point, South Africa, northeast 1/2 east, 36 miles surface. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329227. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:15 [ref. 10436]. •Questionably valid as Symbolophorus barnardi (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Symbolophorus barnardi (Tåning 1932) -- (Hulley 1986:319 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:269 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:462 [ref. 15273], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Gago & Ricord 2005:144 [ref. 28096], Paxton et al. 2006:529 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:294 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:678 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1925 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus barnardi (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

barnesi, Gonichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1943:174, Fig. 6 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 4703] Cast up on Blinkenthorpe Beach, Lord Howe Island. Holotype: AMS IA.953. Paratypes: AMS IA.952 (12), IA.2650 (9), IB.2776-78 (1, 1, 1), IB.4158 (11), IB.4160-61 (1, 1); CAS 52178 [ex SU] (2). •See Santos et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23531]. •Valid as Gonichthys barnesi Whitley 1943 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:261 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:115 [ref. 24556], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:519 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:280 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:652 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Gonichthys barnesi Whitley 1943. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

basileusi, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] & Prut'ko [V. G.] 1984:883 [82], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 16216] Northeastern Indian Ocean above the Equator seamount, 0°26'N, 56°01'E, depth 120 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46935. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18023 (2), IOM uncat. (2, 1 macerated). On p. 82 of English translation. •Valid as Diaphus basileusi Becker & Prut'ko 1984. Current status: Valid as Diaphus basileusi Becker & Prut'ko 1984. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

basili, Lampanyctus Kotthaus [A.] 1972:31, Fig. 276 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 12; ref. 7621] 180 miles east-northeast of Seychelles, 3°S, 58°E. Holotype: ZMH 5110 [ex IOES 154a]. Paratypes: ZMH 5111 [ex IOES 154b-g] (6). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:412 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

basili, Lampanyctus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:11, Figs. 5-6 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] South China Sea, 6°32.5'N, 114°16.0'E. Holotype: SIO 69-20. Paratypes: BPBM 14311-13 [ex SIO] (5, 5, 5); CAS 15990-91 [ex SIO] (11, 5); LACM 31396-7 (1), 33362-1 (1), 33363-1 (5); SIO 69-20 (9), 70-341 (21 or 48), 70-343 (78, now 73), 70-346 (78, now 73), 70-347 (34, now 29); USNM 208461-63 [ex SIO] (1, 1, 5). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lampanyctus basili Kotthaus 1972. •Synonym of Lampanyctus turneri (Fowler 1934) -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:309 [ref. 5672]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus turneri (Fowler 1934). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

bathyphila, Lampadena Tåning [A. V.] 1928:63 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 400 kilometers southwest of El Hierro, Canary Islands], 25°11'N, 20°57'W, depth about 2000 meters (4000 meters of wire out). Lectotype: ZMUC P2329220. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Bolin 1959 [ref. 503]. •Valid as Taaningichthys bathyphilus (Tåning 1928) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:197 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:482 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:68 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:320 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:232 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:174 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:269 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:465 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:178 [ref. 21685], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:674 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:379 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:159 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:379 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:234 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:530 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:679 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1927 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Taaningichthys bathyphilus (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

beckeri, Protomyctophum (Hierops) Wisner [R. L.] 1971:39 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Central Pacific [southeast of Hawai'i Island, Hawaiian Islands], 17°09'N, 153°57.2'W, depth 0-2100 meters. Holotype: SIO 60-249. Paratypes: BPBM 9793 [ex SIO 70-65] (1); SIO 60-241 (1), 70-65 (1); USNM 205474 [ex SIO 70-65] (1). •Valid as Protomyctophum beckeri Wisner 1971 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Shinohara et al. 1994:65 [ref. 22800], Mundy 2005:233 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum beckeri Wisner 1971. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands to Line Islands. Habitat: marine.

benoiti, Scopelus Cocco [A.] 1838:172 [12], Pl. 6 (fig. 4) [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna Anno 1 Tomo 2 (fasc. 9); ref. 865] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 12 of separate. Specific name spelled Benoisti on p. 172, 194, and on Pl. 6, with the common name "Scopelo di Benoit" and named for Sig. Benoit. There is no evidence that the spellings were typesetting ones, but the spelling benoisti probably can be regarded as an incorrect original spelling based on Sig. Benoit; benoiti was used by Bonaparte 1840 and subsequent authors. •Valid as Hygophum benoiti (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:183 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:453 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:217 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:426 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:37 [ref. 23162], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:46 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:649 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:36 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:26 [ref. 30263], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649], Hulley 2016:1899 [ref. 34576], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum benoiti (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara. Habitat: marine.

bensoni, Serpa Fowler [H. W.] 1934:286, Fig. 46 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Suruga Gulf, Japan, Albatross station D.5058, 35°02'25"N, 138°46'55"E, depth 575 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92311. •Questionably a synonym of Lampanyctus festivus Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Lampanyctus festivus Tåning 1928 -- (Chen 2002:186 [ref. 26587], see Mundy 2005:224 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Lampanyctus bensoni (Fowler 1934) -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:391 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:391 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus bensoni (Fowler 1934). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

beringensis, Lampanyctus Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1933:131, Fig. [Copeia 1933 (no. 3); ref. 16521] Off Cape Severny, Bering Island, southwestern Bering Sea, depth 93 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZIN 23745. •Synonym of Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:253 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

bertelseni, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1966:405, Figs. 2-5 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 133 (no. 9); ref. 9047] Tropical Atlantic, 0°15'S, 18°35'W to 0°15'S, 18°45'W, depth 0-85-0 meters. Holotype: MCZ 43121. Paratypes: MCZ 43122 (1), ZMUC P2329195-96 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus bertelseni Nafpaktitis 1966 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:176 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:442 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:407 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:630 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:639 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1886 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus bertelseni Nafpaktitis 1966. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic; Western and central Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, eastern Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

blacki, Serpa Fowler [H. W.] 1934:284, Fig. 44 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Iligan Bay, Mindanao, Philippines, depth 425 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92312. Paratypes: USNM 122359 (2). •Synonym of Bolinichthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:287 [ref. 30745]). Current status: Synonym of Bolinichthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

bolini, Electrona (Protomyctophum) Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1949:1045, 1099, Fig. on p. 1045, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London v. 118 (pt 4); ref. 1496] South Atlantic, 45°17.9'S, 18°57.7'E, depth 500 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1948.5.14.1. Paratypes: (7) BMNH 1948.5.14.2-6 (5). Additional material: BMNH (7). •Valid as Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) bolini (Fraser Brunner 1949) -- (Prokofiev 2004:73 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:224 [ref. 32059]). •Valid as Protomyctophum bolini (Fraser-Brunner 1949) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:317 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:144 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:171 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:521 [ref. 21297], Olaso et al. 1997:83 [ref. 25009], Robertson & Clements 2015:675 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum bolini (Fraser-Brunner 1949). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

bolini, Gymnoscopelus Andriashev [A. P.] 1962:272, Fig. 34 [Issledovanija fauny morej = Explorations of the fauna of the seas, Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Zoologiceskij Institut v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 9192] Antarctica, 53°01'S, 109°30'W, 4200 meters of wire out. Holotype: ZIN 36383. Paratypes: ZIN 36382 (1). •Valid as Gymnoscopelus bolini Andriashev 1962 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:299 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1989 [ref. 12284], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:140 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:154 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:531 [ref. 21297], Duhamel et al. 2005:182 [ref. 32059], Robertson & Clements 2015:653 [ref. 34257], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus bolini Andriashev 1962. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

bolini, Notoscopelus (Pareiophus) Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1975:83, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 3137] Mediterranean Sea, 38°39'N, 4°12'E, Atlantis station 1847, depth 0-1300 meters. Holotype: USNM 212056. Paratypes: LACM 33935-1 (1), 33936-1 (1); MCZ 49741-42 (1, 1); USNM 212057 (1). •Valid as Notoscopelus bolini Nafpaktitis 1975 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:476 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:229 [ref. 25518], Hulley 1990:459 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:49 [ref. 24952], Filin 1998:284 [ref. 24676], Porteiro et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:46 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:61 [ref. 29533], Hulley 2016:1923 [ref. 34576], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Notoscopelus bolini Nafpaktitis 1975. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

bonapartii, Nyctophus Cocco [A.] 1838:189 [29], Pl. 7 (fig. 10) [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna Anno 1 Tomo 2 (fasc. 9); ref. 865] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 29 of separate. Genus spelled Nychtophus on p. 194. •Synonym of Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:186 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:438 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

bonapartii, Scopelus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:449 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN B-1150. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19576]. Apparently the same as Nyctophus bonaparatii Cocco 1838 and not an original description. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae.

boops, Myctophum Richardson [J.] 1845:39, Pl. 27 (figs. 6-12) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Between Australia and New Zealand [probably in in error for eastern South Atlantic]. Syntypes: BMNH 1948.1.12.1. See Paxton et al. 1989:269 [ref. 12442] for remarks on types. •Questionably valid as Symbolophorus boops (Richardson 1845) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Symbolophorus boops (Richardson 1845) -- (Hulley 1986:319 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:269 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:463 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:177 [ref. 21685], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:140 [ref. 25472], Chen 2002:150 [ref. 26587], Gago & Ricord 2005:144 [ref. 28096], Paxton et al. 2006:530 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:294 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:678 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1925 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus boops (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

boschmai, Parvilux Hubbs [C. L.] & Wisner [R. L.] 1964:458, Figs. 1, 3, 5; Pl. 25 (fig.2) [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 39; ref. 2266] Eastern tropical Pacific, 2°09'N, 84°53.5'W. Holotype (unique): SIO 52-384. •Valid as Parvilux boschmai Hubbs & Wisner 1964 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944]). Current status: Valid as Parvilux boschmai Hubbs & Wisner 1964. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brachycephalus, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:59 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 300 kilometers north of São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde Islands], 19°22'N, 24°06'W, depth about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329197. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:34 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus brachycephalus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:176 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:443 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:407 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:631 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:195 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1887 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus brachycephalus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brachychier, Notoscopellus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:126 [3] [West American Scientist v. 6 (no. 48); ref. 1251] Cortez Banks, off San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 45 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 76336. Paralectotypes: (2) BMNH 1891.5.19.171 (1). On p. 3 of separate. Emended to brachychir by Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890 [ref. 1256]. Original genus should have been Notoscopelus. Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Synonym of Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:194 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:460 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:168 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

brachygnathos, Scopelus Bleeker [P.] 1856:65 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6932 (2, poor condition). •Valid as Myctophum brachygnathos (Bleeker 1856) (often seen as brachygnathum) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:266 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:147 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:228 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:526 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36673] as brachygnathum). •Valid as Dasyscopelus brachygnathos (Bleeker 1856) -- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716] as brachygnathum). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus brachygnathos (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

braueri, Lampadena Zugmayer [E.] 1914:2 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 288; ref. 4848] Eastern Atlantic, 40°15'N, 56°25'W, station 3414, depth 0-4000 meters; southeast of Halifax, station 3447, depth 0-1100 meters. Syntypes: (3) MOM 0091-1725 (2, 1 poor condition) station 3414, 0091-1674 (1, poor condition) station 3447. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:9 [ref. 21544]. •Synonym of Lampadena speculigera Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:184 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:458 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1990:433 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampadena speculigera Goode & Bean 1896. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

braueri, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:598, Pl. 70 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] South of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3980, surface tow. Holotype: USNM 51527. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8626 (7); USNM 51525-27 (2, 1, 1), 51537 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. As Myctophum lütkeni on Pl. 70. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Myctophum (Lampanyctus) braueri Lönnberg 1905. •Synonym of Hygophum reinhardtii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:184 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:429 [ref. 15273], Mundy 2005:222 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Hygophum reinhardtii (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

braueri, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Lönnberg [E.] 1905:764 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 23); ref. 15369] Northeast of Falkland Islands, 49°56'S, 49°56'W, open net in depth to 2700 meters. Holotype (unique): NRM 11105 [SYD/1902265.4105]. Also appeared as new in Lönnberg 1905:64 [ref. 2839]. •Valid as Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lönnberg 1905) -- (Hulley 1986:299 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125] as brauersi, Hulley 1990:154 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:534 [ref. 21297], Olaso et al. 1997:83 [ref. 25009], Duhamel et al. 2005:186 [ref. 32059]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lönnberg 1905). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Centrobranchus Becker [V. E.] 1964:52, Fig. 21 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 73; ref. 8009] Pacific, 33°19'N, 151°08'E, Vitiaz station 3234, surface. Holotype: ZIN 37344. Paratypes: (9, not at ZIN). •Questionably valid as Ceratobranchus brevirostris Becker 1964 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Centrobranchus brevirostris Becker 1964 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:380 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:380 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370]). •Synonym of Centrobranchus nigroocellatus (Günther 1873) -- (Gago & Lavenberg 1992:154 [ref. 19897], Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Centrobranchus nigroocellatus (Günther 1873). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

bristori, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:30, Fig. 14 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] Northern central Pacific, 27°26.6'N, 155°24.6'W. Holotype: SIO 71-301. Paratypes: HIMB 70-913-14 (2, 18), 70-916 (4), 70-927 (2); OS 12815-16 (4, 1); SIO 51-84 (1), 66-20 (2), 67-56 (1), 71-301 (3), 71-310 (1), 73-145 (1), 73-160 (1), 76-6 (1), 73-329 (1); USNM 298174 (8), 298191-92 (1, 2), 359634 (1). •Valid as Nannobrachium bristori Zahuranec 2000 -- (Mundy 2005:230 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Lampanyctus bristori (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus bristori (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Marianas and Japan east to California (U.S.A.) and Baja California (Mexico), including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

bruuni, Hygophum Wisner [R. L.] 1971:41, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Eastern Pacific, 32°48'S, 72°02'W. Holotype: SIO 65-667. Paratypes: CAS 24871 [ex SIO 65-665] (3); LACM 10341 (53); SIO 65-665 (orig. 142, now 135), 65-667 (8); USNM [ex SIO 65-665] 205476 (4). •Valid as Hygophum bruuni Wisner 1971 -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125] as brunii). Current status: Valid as Hygophum bruuni Wisner 1971. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bryani, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:319, Fig. 73 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of southern Luzon Island, Philippines, 13°41'50"N, 120°58'30"E, Albatross station D.5289, depth 172 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93150. •Synonym of Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

burtoni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:315, Fig. 70 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5291, 13°29'40"N, 121°00'45"E, depth 173 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93146. •Valid as Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

californiense, Myctophum Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:124 [1] [West American Scientist v. 6 (no. 48); ref. 1251] Cortez Banks, off San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 45 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1891.5.19.174 (1), CAS (1, lost), CAS-SU 20172, USNM 41920 (1). On p. 1 of separate. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:245 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Symbolophorus californiensis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440] as californiense, Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:89, 184 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:8 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:154 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:65 [ref. 22800], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Shinohara et al. 1996:168 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:383 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:383 [ref. 26001], Gago & Ricord 2005:144 [ref. 28096], Mundy 2005:233 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33547], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:348 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus californiensis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Kuroshio, transition zone, and California Current, including Hancock Seamounts (Hawaiian Ridge). Habitat: marine.

candens, Hintonia Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1949:1098, 1104, Fig. on p. 1098; Pl. 1 (lower) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London v. 118 (pt 4); ref. 1496] South Atlantic, south-west of Cape of Good Hope, 41°50'S, 0°01.7'E to 41°54.3'S, 0°03.3'E, Discovery station 1774, depth 650-400 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1948.5.14.693. •Valid as Hintonia candens Fraser-Brunner 1949 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:301 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556], Hulley 1990:160 [ref. 21685], Robertson & Clements 2015:655 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Hintonia candens Fraser-Brunner 1949. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

caninianus, Scopelus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN 1888-0150 (not found). •Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:171 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:456 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

carlsbergi, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1932:126, Fig. 1 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] East of New Zealand, 44°40'S, 173°39'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329224. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Electrona carlsbergi (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:297 [ref. 5672], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:138 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:151 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:528 [ref. 21297], Frolkina et al. 1998:132 [ref. 24763], Duhamel et al. 2005:172 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:518 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:650 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Electrona carlsbergi (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

carlsoni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:312, Fig. 67 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Off eastern Mindoro Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5263, 12°38'30"N, 121°37'30"E. Holotype: USNM 93151. Misspelled carsoni in Fraser-Brunner 1949:1067 [ref. 1496]. •Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

castaneus, Notoscopelus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:84, Pl. 25 (fig. 95) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 39°57'N, 70°37'W, Fish Hawk station 1113, depth 192 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 31706. Paralectotypes: USNM 21688 (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:556 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Scopelopsis Whitley [G. P.] 1932:333 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 4674] Lagoon beach at Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.2427. •Synonym of Scopelopsis multipunctatus Brauer 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:462 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Scopelopsis multipunctatus Brauer 1906. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

caudispinosus, Scopelus Johnson [J. Y.] 1863:42 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1863 (pt 1) (art. 5) (for 13 Jan. 1863); ref. 5021] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.2.5.3. •Valid as Notoscopelus caudispinosus (Johnson 1863) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:194 [ref. 7181], Fujii & Uyeno 1976:230 [ref. 7014], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:477 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:75 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:315 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:229 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:459 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:671 [ref. 23897], Filin 1998:284 [ref. 24676], Porteiro et al. 1999:14 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:385 [ref. 25086], Wang & Chen 2001:121 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:385 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:232 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:528 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Parin et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:674 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:9 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1922 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Notoscopelus caudispinosus (Johnson 1863). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chavesi, Lampadena Collett [R.] 1905:728 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (nos 21/22); ref. 15351] Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): ZMUO J693. Type catalog: Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268]. •Valid as Lampadena chavesi Collett 1905 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:185 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:457 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:304 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:262 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:431 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:47 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:37 [ref. 24203], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Paxton et al. 2006:521 [ref. 28994], Hulley 2016:1902 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565] with author as Collet). Current status: Valid as Lampadena chavesi Collett 1905. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic, southern Indian Ocean and southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Protomyctophum (Hierops) Wisner [R. L.] 1971:39, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Southeastern Pacific off Chile, 33°07'S, 73°09'W, depth 0-400 meters. Holotype: SIO 65-665. Paratypes: CAS 24872 [ex SIO 65-665] (1); LACM 10332 (7); SIO 65-622 (1), 65-665 (orig. 5, now 3), 65-667 (5), 69-320 (3); USNM 205473 [ex SIO 65-665] (1). •Valid as Protomyctophum chilensis Wisner 1971 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Protomyctophum chilense Wisner 1971 -- (Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum chilense Wisner 1971. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

choerocephalus, Centrobranchus Fowler [H. W.] 1904:754 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 55 (for 1903); ref. 1363] Near Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: ANSP 7972. Paratypes: (3) ANSP 7973-75 (3), 7976 (1, missing), CAS-SU 8605 [ex ANSP 7977] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:131 [ref. 13621]. The correct original spelling apparently is choerocephalus. •Valid as Centrobranchus choerocephalus Fowler 1904 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Chen 2002:157 [ref. 26587]). •Synonym of Centrobranchus nigroocellatus Günther 1873 -- (Gago & Lavenberg 1992:154 [ref. 19897], Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Centrobranchus chaerocephalus [sic] Fowler 1904 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:380 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:380 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Centrobranchus choerocephalus Fowler 1904. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

choriodon, Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) Hulley [P. A.] 1981:20, Fig. 10a [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southwestern Atlantic, 35°47'S, 52°52'W, Walther Herwig station 417/66, depth 270 meters. Holotype: ISH 1541-1966a. Paratypes: ISH 1541-1966b-g (6). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:80 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Protomyctophum choriodon Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1986:317 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:172 [ref. 21685], Frolkina et al. 1998:132 [ref. 24763], Prokofiev 2004:73 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:228 [ref. 32059], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum choriodon Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

chrysorhynchus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:409, Pl. 38 (fig. 2 [?3]) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, Kaiwi Channel, 21°15'49"N, 157°44'27"W, surface. Syntypes: CAS-SU 4927 (5), 5068 (1); USNM 47710 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:207 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Motomura et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia; western and central Pacific: Borneo, Philippines, southern Japan, eastern Australia, New Caledonia, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

cocco, Scopelus Cocco [A.] 1829:143 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Sicily, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also in Cocco 1838:178, Pl. 6 (fig. 6) [ref. 865]. The spelling cocco is correct; spelled coccoi by Günther 1864 [ref. 1974]. •Valid as Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:182 [ref. 7181] as coccoi, Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:452 [ref. 13675] as coccoi, Hulley 1986:299 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:217 [ref. 25518], Klausewitz 1989:257 [ref. 13650] as coccoi, McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:425 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:37 [ref. 23162], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:234 [ref. 24545] as coco, Santos et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23531] as coccoi, Arruda 1997:46 [ref. 24952] as coccoi, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:648 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:36 [ref. 24203] as coccoi, Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:162 [ref. 24555], Dulĉić 2001:287 [ref. 25709], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Chen 2002:153 [ref. 26587], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112] as coccoi, Mundy 2005:221 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649] as coccoi, Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Hulley 2016:1899 [ref. 34576], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Atlantic (including Mediterranean Sea) and eastern Pacific. Indian and Pacific oceans records suspect [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

coeruleus, Scopelus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:592 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMNS 1775 (2), ZMB 8059 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:14 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:50 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Dor 1984:49 [ref. 29757], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:849 [ref. 20119], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Kao & Shao 1996:4 [ref. 24963], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748] as caeruleus, Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122] as caeruleus, Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:220 [ref. 26587], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Golani & Fricke 2018:36 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden east to New Guinea and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

colletti, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 249 [29], Fig. 7 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] Pacific, 200 miles west of Cape Horn, 30° to 28°16'S, 96° to 97°30'W. Lectotype: ZMUO J710. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2316964 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268], Nielsen 1974:41 [ref. 9588]. On p. 29 of separate. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Electrona antarctica (Günther 1878) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:149 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Synonym of Electrona antarctica (Günther 1878). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

confusus, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] 1992:8, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 32 (no. 6); ref. 20772] Eastern Pacific, 24°58'S, 88°29'W, depth 545-562 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50128. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18617 (1) Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:49 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Diaphus confusus Becker 1992. Current status: Valid as Diaphus confusus Becker 1992. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

conspicua, Serpa Whitley [G. P.] 1936:160, Fig. [Australian Zoologist v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 13756] Off Kaikoura, New Zealand, depth 80 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6500. •Synonym of Lampanyctus intricarius Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus intricarius Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

coruscans, Myctophum Richardson [J.] 1845:40, Pl. 27 (figs. 1-5) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Between St. Helena and Ascension Island; and between Australia and New Zealand. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Gonichthys barnesi Whitley 1943 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], see Mundy 2005:221 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Uncertain as Gonichthys barnesi Whitley 1943. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

crameri, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:314, Fig. 69 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5601, 1°13'10"N, 125°17'05"E, depth 765 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93156. •Synonym of Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

crenulare, Myctophum Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:274 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 146); ref. 10599] Santa Barbara Channel, California, U.S.A. (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 27402. •Valid as Tarletonbeania crenularis (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440] as crenulare, Peden et al. 1985:8 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:158 [ref. 26885], Shinohara et al. 1994:68 [ref. 22800], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:251 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:25 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:106 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Tarletonbeania crenularis (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific and Bering Sea. Habitat: marine.

crockeri, Electrona Bolin [R. L.] 1939:98, Fig. 4 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 508] Outer Santa Barbara Passage, California, U.S.A., 33°11'00"N, 119°21'30"W, 800 meters of wire out. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 33683 [ex CAS-SU 33656]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:245 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Protomyctophum crockeri (Bolin 1939) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:65 [ref. 6441], Peden & Hughes 1986:3 [ref. 9714], Matarese et al. 1989:150 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:110 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:64 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Nakabo 2000:381 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:381 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:25 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:348 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum crockeri (Bolin 1939). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Pacific and south to ? Chile. Habitat: marine.

crocodilus, Gasteropelecus Risso [A.] 1810:357 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Serpe not Latinized, original genus as above. Scopelus crocodilus Valenciennes as treated by Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19576] is not available. •Valid as Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:186 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:461 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:221 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:438 [ref. 15273], Stefanescu et al. 1994:321 [ref. 22328], Golani 1994:37 [ref. 23162], Arruda 1997:47 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:37 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Craddock, Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:202 [ref. 26158], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Goren & Galil 2015:516 [ref. 33910], Afonso et al. 2016:28, 175 [ref. 36199], Hulley 2016:1907 [ref. 34576], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Atlantic, including Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara. Habitat: marine.

crypticum, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:44, Fig. 23 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] Equatorial Pacific, 3°30'N, 145°00'W. Holotype: HIMB TC 47-61. Paratypes: HIMB 47-52 (40), 47-6 (28), 47-61 (13), 47-67 (31); SIO 52-320 (1), 60-236 (3), 73-164 (2); USNM 303313 (7). •Valid as Nannobrachium crypticum Zahuranec 2000 -- (Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944]). •Valid as Lampanyctus crypticus (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus crypticus (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cuprarius, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:68 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 24°30'N, 80°00'W, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330213. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:41 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Nannobrachium cuprarium (Tåning 1928) -- (Zahuranec 2000:32 [ref. 24618], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1919 [ref. 34576]). •Valid as Lampanyctus cuprarius Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:187 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:462 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1990:439 [ref. 15273], Arruda 1997:47 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:658 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:12 [ref. 24203]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus cuprarius Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cuvieri, Scopelus Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:106 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Noble Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-2419 (1). •Synonym of Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner 1867) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440] with question, Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:527 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805]). •Synonym of Dasyscopelus spinosus (Steindachner 1867). Current status: Synonym of Dasyscopelus spinosus (Steindachner 1867). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

dahlgreni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:299, Fig. 56 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicinity of Darvel Bay, Borneo, Albatross station D.5579, 4°54'15"N, 119°09'52"E, depth 175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93165. •Valid as Diaphus dahlgreni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus dahlgreni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

danae, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:140, Fig. 13 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of New Zealand, 36°23'30"S, 176°26'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329198. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus danae Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:135 [ref. 16024], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:274 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:640 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus danae Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dea, Lampadena (Lampadena) Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1949:1101, Pl. 1 (upper) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London v. 118 (pt 4); ref. 1496] South Atlantic, 48°26.75'S, 22°10'W to 48°26.5'S, 22°06.5'W, Discovery station 395, depth 1500-1600 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1948.5.14.344. Paratypes: BMNH 1948.5.14.345 (1). Additional material: BMNH (2). •Valid as Lampadena dea Fraser-Brunner 1949 -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:304 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:432 [ref. 15273], Hulley 2016:1903 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena dea Fraser-Brunner 1949. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

dehaveni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:320, Fig. 74 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Samar and Masbate islands, Philippines, Albatross station D.5392, depth 135 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93160. •Valid as Diaphus dehaveni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus dehaveni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

diadematus, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:137, Fig. 9 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Western Indian Ocean, 24°33'S, 38°26'E, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329199. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2329200 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:28 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus diadematus Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440] as diademetus, Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442] as diademetus, Hulley 1990:408 [ref. 15273], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Hulley 2016:1887 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus diadematus Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

diademophilus, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:34, Fig. 32-33 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 4°01'S, 65°00'E, depth 0-615 meters. Holotype: LACM 31365-6. Paratypes: LACM 31358-5 and -6 (2); ZMUC P2334924-25 (2), P2334926-29 (4). •Valid as Diaphus diademophilus Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:217 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus diademophilus Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

distofax, Bolinichthys Johnson [R. K.] 1975:54, Fig. 1A, D [Copeia 1975 (no. 1); ref. 7430] Mauna Loa lava flow, Kona, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: CAS 15998. Paratypes: CAS 15995-98 (14, 9, 12, 43 now 41), 17544 (40), 29194 (5); SIO 60-249 (2), 60-251 (10), 70-334 (1), 71-307 (1), 72-373 or 70-373 (1); LACM 33930-1 [ex CAS 15998] (2); USNM 212025 [ex CAS 15998] (2). Plus non-types (10). •Valid as Bolinichthys distofax Johnson 1975 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1990:400 [ref. 15273], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:378 [ref. 25086] as distophax, Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:378 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:211 [ref. 28379], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:268 [ref. 30745], Hulley 2016:1882 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys distofax Johnson 1975. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: South Atlantic; Central and North Pacific: Philippines to southern Japan; Santa Cruz Islands (Solomon Islands); Hawaiian Islands; Australia; probably more widespread [not in the Indian Ocean]. Habitat: marine.

doderleini, Scopelus Facciolà [L.] 1882:193, Pl. 10 (figs. 1-4) [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 17475] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. New name for Scopelus acanthurus Facciolà 1882. •Synonym of Scopelus maderensis Lowe 1839 -- (Döderlein 1882:263 [ref. 36391]). •Synonym of Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe 1839) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:174 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:404 [ref. 15273], Bañón Díaz et al. 2001:291 [ref. 26424]). Current status: Synonym of Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe 1839). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

dofleini, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Zugmayer [E.] 1911:3 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 193; ref. 6161] 34°02'N, 12°21'W, depth 0-4000 meters; 37°39'N, 0°20'E, depth 0-2170 meters; 36°17'N, 1°58'W, depth 0-1800 meters, station 2910, depth 0-4000 meters. Syntypes: (8) MOM 0091-1013 (2); Originally station 2022 (2), 2699 (1), 2902 (4), 2910 (1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:9 [ref. 21544]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Zugmayer 1911:35, Pl. 1 (fig. 9) [ref. 4846]. •Valid as Lobianchia dofleini (Zugmayer 1911) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:192 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:469 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:311 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:225 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:265 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:449 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:38 [ref. 23162], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:48 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24203], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:46 [ref. 26753], Craddock, Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:203 [ref. 26158], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Paxton et al. 2006:524 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:61 [ref. 29533], Paxton & Bray 2008:288 [ref. 30633], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Robertson & Clements 2015:667 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1913 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Lobianchia dofleini (Zugmayer 1911). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic (including Mediterranean Sea) and mostly southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

drachmanni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:144, Fig. 16 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Indian Ocean, 4°44'N, 88°05'30"E, depth about 200 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329201. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus drachmanni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus drachmanni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dumerilii, Scopelus Bleeker [P.] 1856:66 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Off Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 6931 (2, poor condition). •Valid as Diaphus dumerili (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076]). •Valid as Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:176 [ref. 14275], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:444 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273], Boschung 1992:71 [ref. 23239], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:632 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Craddock, Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:201 [ref. 26158], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379], Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1888 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Pacific. Habitat: marine.

effulgens, Aethoprora Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:87, Pl. 27 (fig. 103) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Brown's Bank, northern Atlantic (stomach content). Lectotype: USNM 43770. Paralectotypes: USNM or ?MCZ (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:566 [ref. 2442]. •Valid as Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:445 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:136 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:410 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:633 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:640 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1888 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal and North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ehrhorni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:304, Fig. 60 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Burias and Luzon islands, Philippines, Albatross station D.5387, depth 209 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92319. Paratypes: (49). •Valid as Diaphus ehrhorni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748] as erhorni). Current status: Valid as Diaphus ehrhorni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ejectus, Notoscopelus Waite [E. R.] 1904:150, Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 4561] Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS I.5564. •Synonym of Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:194 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:460 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:168 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Scopelus Costa [O. G.] 1844:Scopelus p. 2, Pl. 35 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Ercolano, southeast of [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Published 15 June 1844. •Synonym of Hygophum benoiti (Cocco 1838) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753]). •Valid as Notoscopelus elongatus (Costa 1844) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:477 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:230 [ref. 25518], Porteiro et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:46 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Notoscopelus elongatus (Costa 1844). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Marmara endemic. Habitat: marine.

elucens, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:401, Fig. 8 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Indian Ocean, 0°27'04"S, 42°47'03"E, Valdivia station 253, depth 638 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17602. •Synonym of Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:213 [ref. 25518], Hulley 1990:417 [ref. 15273], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

engraulis, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1887:197, Pl. 51 (fig. C) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Philippines, Challenger station 200, depth 250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.217. •Questionably a synonym of Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

evermanni, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:597, Pl. 70 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, 21°23'N, 158°19'W, Albatross station 3980, surface tow. Holotype: USNM 51521. Paratypes: (34) CAS-SU 8606-07 (2, 9), 8609 (8); USNM 51521-23 (1, 2, 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Symbolophorus evermanni (Gilbert 1905) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:113, 342 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:320 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:269 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:165 [ref. 24555], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:383 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:151 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:383 [ref. 26001], Gago & Ricord 2005:144 [ref. 28096], Mundy 2005:233 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:530 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:31 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:679 [ref. 34257], Motomura et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus evermanni (Gilbert 1905). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: South Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and Baja California (Mexico) to northern Chile, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

faustinoi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:300, Fig. 57 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Tanon Strait, east coast of Negros Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5190, 10°08'15"N, 123°16'45"E, depth 295 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92321. •Valid as Diaphus faustinoi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus faustinoi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fernae, Lampanyctus Wisner [R. L.] 1971:50, Fig. 6 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Eastern Pacific, 41°02.2'N, 155°13.3'W, depth 0-750 meters. Holotype: SIO H51-373. Paratypes: CAS 24873 [ex SIO 69-14] (4); SIO H51-360 (2), H51-373 (5), H53-307 (16, now 11), H53-353 (4), 69-18 (1). [One or more of the above were to be deposited in, OSUO, and BCF Biol. Lab., Honolulu; plus USNM 205478 (6), 205483-84 (1, 6)]. •Valid as Nannobrachium fernae (Wisner 1971) -- (Zahuranec 2000:29 [ref. 24618]). •Valid as Lampanyctus fernae Wisner 1971 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Shinohara et al. 1994:75 [ref. 22800]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus fernae Wisner 1971. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

festivus, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:67 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 35°44'N, 29°33'W, about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330215. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:42 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Lampanyctus festivus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:188 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:111, 341 [ref. 8256], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:463 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:307 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:222 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:440 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:47 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:37 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:390 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:186 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:390 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:224 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:523 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Parin et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:662 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1907 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus festivus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Probably circumglobal, except not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fibulatum, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:411, Pl. 38 (?fig. 2 not 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Kaiwi Channel, Hawaiian Islands, 21°13'N, 157°43'37"W, Albatross station 3467, depth 310 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 47711. •Valid as Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:65 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:285 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:254 [ref. 12442], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:848 [ref. 20119], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1965 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:382 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:112 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:126 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:382 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:410 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:211 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:510 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:48 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:28 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:171 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:36 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fissunovi, Myctophum Becker [V. E.] & Borodulina [O. D.] 1971:420 [330], Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 484] Western Indian Ocean, 6°58'S, 39°37'E, Vitiaz station 4681, surface. Holotype: ZIN 39909. Paratypes: (1). On p. 330 of English translation. •Valid as Myctophum fissunovi Becker & Borodulina 1971 -- (Hulley 1986:313 [ref. 5672], Fricke 1999:98 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748]). •Possible in Dasyscopelus -- (Martin 2018: [ref. 35716]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum fissunovi Becker & Borodulina 1971. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

florentii, Myctophum (Nasolychnus) Smith [J. L. B.] 1933:126, Pl. 9 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 4063] Bushman's River, near Port Alfred, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 55. •Synonym of Gymnoscopelus piabilis (Whitley 1931) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:301 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:160 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnoscopelus piabilis (Whitley 1931). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

fragilis, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:61 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Northern central Atlantic, 12°11'N, 35°49'W, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329202. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:23 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus fragilis Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:180 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:634 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:209 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:641 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1889 [ref. 34576], Motomura et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus fragilis Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fraserbrunneri, Lampanyctus Bolin [R. L.] 1946:150, Fig. 5 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 509] About 200 miles off Cape Cormorin, India, 5°56'N, 76°22'E, Investigator station 670, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F7336/2 (perhaps lost). Paratypes: CAS-SU 40376 [ex ZSI] (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:378 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama Rao 1971:343 [ref. 31198], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:35 [ref. 22148] with only SU lot. Original as fraser-brunneri. •Synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:274, 275 [ref. 30745]). Current status: Synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

fraseri, Lampanyctus Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1931:224, Fig. 4 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 8 (no. 45); ref. 1486] Not 3°18'S, 5°17'E, off West Africa [probably Southern Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1931.2.27.6. •Valid as Gymnoscopelus fraseri (Fraser-Brunner 1931) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:300 [ref. 5672] who questioned type locality, Hulley 1990:157 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:541 [ref. 21297], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Duhamel et al. 2005:194 [ref. 32059], Robertson & Clements 2015:653 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus fraseri (Fraser-Brunner 1931). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

freta, Serpa Whitley [G. P.] 1936:162 [Australian Zoologist v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 13756] North of New Guinea, 1°16'S, 138°55'E, depth 2900 meters. Holotype: MNHN or MOM (not found in 1995). Unneeded replacement name for Lampanyctus macropterus taningi Angel & Verrier 1931, apparently not technically preoccupied by Lampanyctus taaningi Parr 1929. •Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

fulgens, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:402, Fig. 4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] 4 Valdivia stations in Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ZMB 17605 (1) station 226, ZMB 17606 (1) station 228. Also appeared in Brauer 1906:224, Fig. 146 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:199 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:216 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widepsread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1906:258, Pl. 2 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 46 (no. 14); ref. 15659] Cuba, western Atlantic. Holotype: MCZ 29070 [ex MCZ 6873]. Paratypes: MCZ 29071 (3). Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177]. •Valid as Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:177 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:189, 352 [ref. 8057], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], Cervigón 1991:160 [ref. 24472], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:635 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:227 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Sassa et al. 2003:94 [ref. 26778], Mundy 2005:216 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:641 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Hulley 2016:1889 [ref. 34576], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, but not in eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

gaussi, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1906:235, Fig. 154 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] No type locality; German South Pole Expedition. Lectotype: ZMB 20725. Paralectotypes: ZMB 19372 (3). Lectotype selected by Bolin 1959 [ref. 503]. •Valid as Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer 1906) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:190 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:467 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1990:447 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:48 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:662 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:13 [ref. 24203], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1912 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

gemellarii, Nyctophus Cocco [A.] 1838:186 [26], Pl. 7 (fig. 9) [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna Anno 1 Tomo 2 (fasc. 9); ref. 865] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 26 of separate. Genus as Nychtophus on p. 194, Nyctophus on Pl. 7. Correct spelling of original genus is Nyctophus. •Valid as Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:191 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:470 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:311 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:225 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:265 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674] as gemellari, Hulley 1990:450 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:48 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:664 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:386 [ref. 25086], Wang & Chen 2001:115 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:386 [ref. 26001], Cihangir et al. 2003:569 [ref. 27170], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192] as gemellari, Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:227 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944] as gemellari, Paxton et al. 2006:524 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:61 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649] as gemellari, Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Goren & Galil 2015:516 [ref. 33910], Robertson & Clements 2015:668 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1913 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

gemmatum, Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) Hulley [P. A.] 1981:23, Fig. 13c [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southwest Atlantic, 40°18'S, 35°07'W, Walther Herwig station 367/71, depth about 2000 meters. Holotype: ISH 734-1971a. Paratypes: ISH 734-1971b-e (4). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:81 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Protomyctophum gemmatum Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1986:318 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:173 [ref. 21685]). •Valid as Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) gemmatum Hulley 1981 -- (Prokofiev 2004:73 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:232 [ref. 32059]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum gemmatum Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

gemmifer, Lampanyctus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:80, Pl. 23 (fig. 88) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] West of New Jersey, U.S.A., 39°39'45"N, 71°35'15"W, Albatross station 2201, depth 538 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 35604. Appeared first as name only in Goode & Bean 1879:22 [ref. 5605]. •Synonym of Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Stefanescu et al. 1994:321 [ref. 22328]). •Valid as Lampanyctus gemmifer Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Santos et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23531]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus gemmifer Goode & Bean 1896. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

gibbsi, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:20, Fig. 7 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] Pacific, 14°01'S, 147°51'W, Dana station 3570. Holotype: ZMUC. Paratypes: SIO 72-303 (1), 72-306 (2), 72-312 to 313 (2, 3), 72-316 (2), 72-320 (1), 75-631 (1); UBC 13 (1); USNM uncat. (1), 298168 (1), 303311 (5); ZMUC 35-761 (1), 35-858 (2), 35-862 (1), 35-879 (1), 35-881 (1). •Valid as Lampanyctus gibbsi (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus gibbsi (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:93, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 55825 [ex CM 4601]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22435 (1), FMNH 55826 [?ex CM 4602] (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Questionably a synonym of Diaphus perspicillata (Ogilby 1898) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], ss Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Diaphus gigas Gilbert 1913 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:91, 184 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:187, 351 [ref. 8057], Shinohara et al. 1996:164 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Parin et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus gigas Gilbert 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Myctophum Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:55, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bulan, Sorsogon, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55900. Paratypes: BSMP (1) apparently destroyed, CAS-SU 22232 [not 20000] (1), USNM 126397 [ex USBF 1487/4535] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Benthosema pterotum (Alcock 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema pterotum (Alcock 1890). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

glacialis, Scopelus Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:115, 126 [33, 44] [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] Greenland. Holotype: ZMUC 62. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:41 [ref. 9588]. On pp. 33 & 44 of separate. May have appeared first in Reinhardt 1836:11 [ref. 6587]. •Valid as Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:172 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:433 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:206 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:398 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:35 [ref. 23162], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:100 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:44 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:43 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:33 [ref. 24203], Bañón Díaz et al. 2001:289 [ref. 26424], Craddock, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:44 [ref. 26753], Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:199 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:249 [ref. 25968], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:23 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:59 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:24 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:917 [ref. 33112], Mecklenburg et al. 2014:145 [ref. 33463], Parin et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:28, 110 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:312 [ref. 34397], Hulley 2016:1881 [ref. 34576], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:32 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:101 [ref. 36370], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: Baffin Bay (Canada); eastern Atlantic and adjacent Arctic region, from Kara Sea to Greenland to Guinea, including Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara. Habitat: marine.

glandulifer, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:90, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Suruga Bay, Japan, Albatross station 5058, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74472. Paratypes: CM 4606; FMNH 55829 (3); CAS-SU 22431 (3); USNM 74501 (6), 74653-56 (1, 7, 2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilicaudus, Centrobranchus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:595, Pl. 69 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] West of Niihau Island, Hawaiian Islands, 22°27'30"N, 160°40'00"W, Albatross station 4145. Holotype: USNM 51518. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8604 (4), 8625 (2); USNM 214491 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Centrobranchus andreae (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:173 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Gago & Lavenberg 1992:155 [ref. 19897]). Current status: Synonym of Centrobranchus andreae (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilior, Myctophum aurolaternatum Fowler [H. W.] 1944:355, 372, Fig. 88 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] 250 miles southwest of Acapulco, Mexico. Holotype: ANSP 70262. Paratypes: ANSP 70263-64 (2), 70266 (1), 70267-73 (7), 70274-79 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:131 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Myctophum aurolaternatum Garman 1899 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum aurolaternatum Garman 1899. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:21 [16], Fig. 13 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 7°19'S, 155°26'E, depth 960-0 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 36106. On p. 16 of English translation. •Questionably valid as Diaphus gracilis Kulikova 1961 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus gracilis Kulikova 1961. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 255 [35], Fig. 13 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] 5 localities in Atlantic and Indian oceans. Syntypes: ZMO J719 (1); ZMUC 34-37 (4), 47 (1), 162 (1), 168 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:41 [ref. 9588]. On p. 35 of separate. Originally syntypes; subsequent holotype recognition invalid. •Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:182 [ref. 7181] as coccoi, Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:425 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

grayi, Macrostoma Fowler [H. W.] 1938:190, Pl. 7 (fig. 15) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] 40 miles south of Kiritimati [formerly Christmas Island], Line Islands, at surface. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68366. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:313 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906) -- (Hulley & Duhamel 2010:274 [ref. 30745]). Current status: Synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

gudgeri, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:302, Fig. 59 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Northern Mindanao Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5544, depth 759 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92322. Paratypes: (4). •Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Lampanyctus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:79, Pl. 24 (fig. 90) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Newfoundland Banks, northwestern Atlantic, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 43777. Originally as güntheri. •Valid as Lepidophanes guentheri (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:190 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:468 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:310 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:224 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:448 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:663 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:38 [ref. 24203], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1912 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Lepidophanes guentheri (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

handi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:290, Fig. 49 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Cebu and Siquijor islands, Philippines, 9°27'15"N, 123°31'48"E, Albatross station D.5533, depth 423 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93163. •Valid as Diaphus handi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus handi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hanseni, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1932:132, Fig. 4 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] East of New Zealand, 42°32'S, 174°50'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329226. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Hygophum hanseni (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:302 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:261 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:520 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:282 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:656 [ref. 34257], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum hanseni (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

harveyi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:294, Fig. 52 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Manila Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5177, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92317. Paratypes: (6). •Synonym of Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:40, Fig. 21 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] Northern central Pacific, 27°24.5'N, 155°25.5'W to 27°24.9'N, 155°13.7'W. Holotype: SIO 71-300. Paratypes: HIMB 70-1221 (76), 71-22 (18), 71-617-18 (32, 62), 71-622 (22), 71-631 (30); LACM 30-988 (1), 92-6216 (1); OS 012814 (5); SIO 71-300 (3). The neuter ending is ense. •Valid as Nannobrachium hawaiiense Zahuranec 2000 -- (Mundy 2005:230 [ref. 28379] as hawaiiensis). •Valid as Lampanyctus hawaiiensis (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus hawaiiensis (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Philippines and southern Japan, Hawaiian Islands east to southern California (U.S.A.), southy to Line Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

hectoris, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1876:399 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] South side of Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1876.2.12.18. •Valid as Lampanyctodes hectoris (Günther 1876) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:305 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:263 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:143 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:434 [ref. 15273], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:140 [ref. 25472], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton & Bray 2008:285 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:660 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1905 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctodes hectoris (Günther 1876). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

heideri, Scopelus Steindachner [F.] 1881:99 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 18 (no. 11) (for 5 May 1881); ref. 20484] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NMW 58592 (2). Species described in more detail in Steindachner 1881:401 [p. 9 in separate] [ref. 4232]. •Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:171 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:456 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

herwigi, Metelectrona Hulley [P. A.] 1981:50, Fig. 25a [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southwestern Atlantic, 40°35'S, 9°57'W, Walther Herwig station 399-I/71, depth 98 meters. Holotype: ISH 1008-1971a. Paratypes: ISH 1007-1971 (1), 1008-1971b-e (5). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:80 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Metelectrona herwigi Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1986:312 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 2006:525 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:669 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Metelectrona herwigi Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

hians, Myctophum Richardson [J.] 1845:41, Pl. 27 (figs. 19-21) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] No locality. Syntypes: BMNH 1847.12.31.1-2 (2). •Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:182 [ref. 7181] as coccoi, Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:425 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

hintonoides, Gymnoscopelus (Nasolychnus) Hulley [P. A.] 1981:262, Fig. 125b [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southwestern Atlantic, 42°57.9'S, 39°53.2'W, Walther Herwig station 104-II/76, depth 2200-2350 meters. Holotype: ISH 843-1976a. Paratypes: ISH 843-1976b-f (5). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:80 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Gymnoscopelus hintonoides Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1986:301 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:158 [ref. 21685], Trunov 1999:463 [ref. 24579], Duhamel et al. 2005:198 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:519 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:654 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus hintonoides Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

hoffmanni, Serpa Fowler [H. W.] 1934:282, Fig. 43 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Atlantic, 36°45'N, 74°28'30"W, Albatross station D.2731, depth 781 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 43790. Paratypes: USNM 43791 (1). •Synonym of Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:194 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:168 [ref. 21685], Mundy 2005:232 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

hollandi, Myctophum Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:11, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): FMNH 55191 [ex CM 3897]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:58 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Chen 2002:126 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:211 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

holti, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1918:88, Fig. 35 [Report on the Danish Oceanographical Expeditions 1908-1910 to the Mediterranean and Adjacent Seas v. 2 (Biol.) (A. 7); ref. 12242] Off Bay of Alger, Algeria, Mediterranean Sea, 36°53'N, 3°09'E. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329204. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2329203 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:33 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus holti Tåning 1918 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:445 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1990:412 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:36 [ref. 23162], Galil & Goren 1994:49 [ref. 23163], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:23 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649] as holtii, Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Hulley 2016:1890 [ref. 34576], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus holti Tåning 1918. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic. Southwestern Indian Ocean probably in error [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

hookeri, Scopelus Whitley [G. P.] 1953:134 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 4718] Australasian seas. Holotype: AMS IA.1406. Paratypes: AMS IA.1407 (1), IA.2643-44 (1, 1). •Synonym of Symbolophorus barnardi (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:462 [ref. 15273], Gomon et al. 1994:279 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Symbolophorus barnardi (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Lampanyctus Wisner [R. L.] 1963:16, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1963 (no. 1); ref. 5739] Eastern central Pacific, 2°31'S, 137°04'W, surface to 2500 meters. Holotype: SIO 60-234-25E. Paratypes: SIO 60-225 (4), 60-229 (5), 60-232 (7), 60-234 (3), 60-235 (4), 60-236 (8), 60-239 (5). •Valid as Lampanyctus hubbsi Wisner 1963 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Chen 2002:183 [ref. 26587]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus hubbsi Wisner 1963. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hudsoni, Diaphus Zurbrigg [R. E.] & Scott [W. B.] 1976:1539, Figs. 1-2 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 54 (no. 9); ref. 7404] South Atlantic, 44°14'S, 42°43'W, depth 0-840 meters. Holotype: ROM 27569. Paratypes: NMC 76-405 (2), ROM 27580 (3). •Valid as Diaphus hudsoni Zurbrigg & Scott 1976 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:137 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:412 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:148 [ref. 21685], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:139 [ref. 25472], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Duhamel et al. 2005:166 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:275 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:642 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1890 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565] with authors as Zubrigg & Scott). Current status: Valid as Diaphus hudsoni Zurbrigg & Scott 1976. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

humboldti, Gasteropelecus Risso [A.] 1810:xxxvi, 358, Pl. 10 (fig. 38) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1470 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:10-11 [ref. 19576]. Serpe not Latinized, original genus as above based on index entry on p. xxxvi. Spelled humbol in Risso 1820:266 [ref. 15557]. •Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:171 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:456 [ref. 15273], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:46 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

hygomii, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 256, Fig. 15 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] Northeastern Atlantic, 38°00'N, 22°20'W. Lectotype: ZMUC 41. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.1506 (1), ZMUC 50, ZMUC 219, ZMUC 220. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:41 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Bolin 1959:7 [ref. 503]. •Synonym of Hygophum hanseni (Tåning 1932) -- (Hulley 1986:302 [ref. 5672]). •Valid as Hygophum hygomii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:183 [ref. 7181] as hygomi, Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:454 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:302 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:218 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:261 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674] as hygomi, Hulley 1990:427 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:37 [ref. 23162], Galil & Goren 1994:49 [ref. 23163], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:46 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:650 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:36 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:174 [ref. 26753], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Paxton et al. 2006:520 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:283 [ref. 30633], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Goren & Galil 2015:516 [ref. 33910], Robertson & Clements 2015:656 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1900 [ref. 34576], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum hygomii (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal, but not central Pacific; Atlantic including Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

hypolucens, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1928:130, Fig. 24 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 23°58'N, 77°26'W, 7000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2197. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:421 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

idostigma, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1931:32, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 4); ref. 3371] Off Guerrero, Mexico, eastern Pacific, 16°14'00"N, 99°36'30"W, 3750 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2686. Paratypes: YPM 2687-88 (21, 25). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Nannobrachium idostigma (Parr 1931) -- (Zahuranec 2000:28 [ref. 24618], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). •Valid as Lampanyctus idostigma Parr 1931 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:167 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus idostigma Parr 1931. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

imitator, Myctophum Parr [A. E.] 1928:60 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Replacement name for Myctophum suborbitale Gilbert 1913, regarded as preoccupied by Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913. •Objective synonym of Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:173 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:399 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

imperceptum, Myctophum Becker [V. E.] & Borodulina [O. D.] 1971:422 [332], Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 484] Pacific, 9°30'S, 156°30'E, Vityas station 6052, surface. Holotype: ZIN 39910. Paratypes: (3). On p. 332 of English translation. Based on specimens and literature citations. •Questionably a synonym of Myctophum obtusirostre Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Myctophum obtusirostre Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

impostor, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:336, Fig. 1 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] Halmahera Sea, 0°00.2'N, 128°42.2'E, Alpha Helix station 139, depth 0-140 meters. Holotype: LACM 4425-1. Paratypes: AMS I.34830-001 [ex LACM 36086-3] (2); BMNH 1994.8.19.1-2 (2); LACM 36066-3 (1), 36116-7 (1), 44252-1 (1); MNHN 1994-0557 to 0558 (2); NMNZ 31337 (2); SAM 33371 (2); USNM 330963 (2). Additional material: AMS I.24766-001 (2); LACM (80 lots, 288); MNHN (2 lots, 7). •Valid as Diaphus impostor Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus impostor Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

indicum, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:21, Fig. 8 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] Indian Ocean, 6°52'N, 79°30'E, Dana station 3912. Holotype: ZMUC. Paratypes: LACM 31-3411 (1), 31-3451 (1), 31-3461 (5), 31-3551 (2), 31-3582 (1), 31-3612/7217 (3), 31-3661 (2), 31-3892 (1); USNM 268397 (3); ZMUC 35-776 (1), 39-12 (18). •Valid as Lampanyctus indicus (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus indicus (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Lepidophanes Nafpaktitis [B. G.] & Nafpaktitis [M.] 1969:61, Figs. 74-75 [Bulletin of the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History No. 5; ref. 19272] Indian Ocean, 22°34'S, 64°55'E, depth 350-855 meters. Holotype: MCZ 46314. Paratypes: LACM 30300 (1); MCZ 46315-20 (1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 8). Distributional records from the northern Indian Ocean and southwestern Pacific are doubtful -- see Hulley & Duhamel 2010:273 [ref. 30745] •Valid as Lepidophanes indicus Nafpaktitis & Nafpaktitis 1969 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:191 [ref. 7181]). •Valid as Bolinichthys indicus (Nafpaktitis & Nafpaktitis 1969) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:435 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:286 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:254 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:401 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:44 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:33 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:510 [ref. 28994], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:270 [ref. 30745], Hulley 2016:1882 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys indicus (Nafpaktitis & Nafpaktitis 1969). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Scopelus Day [F.] 1877:507, Pl. 118 (fig. 2) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Vizagapatam, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F1337 (disintegrated). Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.22322-34 (3), NMW 58448 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •Questionably valid as Myctophum indicum (Day 1877) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Myctophum indicum (Day 1877). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

ingens, Parvilux Hubbs [C. L.] & Wisner [R. L.] 1964:451, Figs. 1-4; Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 39; ref. 2266] Off the southwestern side of Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico, 29°09'N, 118°27.3'W. Holotype: SIO 57-207. Paratypes: AHF-USC (2 lots); BMNH 1964.6.17.1 (1); CAS 54300 (2), 162137 (1); MCZ 45200 (1); MMF (1 lot); RMNH 25121 (1); SIO (22 lots); CAS-SU 62137 (1), USNM 198162 (3). •Valid as Parvilux ingens Hubbs & Wisner 1964 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Matarese et al. 1989:170 [ref. 26885]). Current status: Valid as Parvilux ingens Hubbs & Wisner 1964. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

integer, Myctophum rarum forma Brauer [A.] 1904:391 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Three Atlantic Valdivia stations. Syntypes: (4) ZMB 17585 (1) station 66, ZMH 8170 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:412 [ref. 21161]. See also Brauer 1906:205, Figs. 125-126 [ref. 632]. •Synonym of Loweina rara (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:193 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:451 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Loweina rara (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Diaphus Borodin [N. A.] 1930:89 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 11; ref. 16067] North Atlantic, 33°N, 64°W, depth 1200 meters. Syntypes: MCZ 32289 (1), MCZ (1, missing); USNM 89906 [ex MCZ 32289A] (1). Borodin 1931 [ref. 16263] incorrectly regarded MCZ 32289 as holotype as did other authors; initially there were syntypes. •Synonym of Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

interruptum, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1928:56 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 37°40'N, 12°00'E. Lectotype: ZMUC 18. Paralectotypes: ZMUC 225 (1), ZMUC P2329228 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Wisner 1976:80 [ref. 19273]. •Valid as Loweina interrupta (Tåning 1928) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:193 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:471 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:311 [ref. 5672], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], Porteiro et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24203], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1914 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Loweina interrupta (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

intricarius, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:67, Figs. 1-2 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 38°10'N, 9°20'W, depth about 100 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330208. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:43 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Lampanyctus intricarius Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:188 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:463 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:307 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:222 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674] as intracarius, Hulley 1990:440 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:165 [ref. 21685], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:103 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:48 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:37 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:523 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:286 [ref. 30633], Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029], Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169], Robertson & Clements 2015:662 [ref. 34257], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 176 [ref. 36199], Hulley 2016:1908 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus intricarius Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

isaacsi, Lampanyctus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:14, Figs. 6-7 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] Eastern Atlantic, 1°10'N, 11°36'W, between surface and 2300 meters. Holotype: SIO 63-560. Paratypes: SIO 63-560 (3, now 2), USNM 206795 (5), ZMUC P2332760-64 (5?). •Valid as Nannobrachium isaacsi (Wisner 1974) -- (Zahuranec 2000:46 [ref. 24618], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Hulley 2016:1920 [ref. 34576]). •Valid as Lampanyctus isaacsi Wisner 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:441 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus isaacsi Wisner 1974. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

iselini, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1934:60, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 77 (no. 2); ref. 16446] North Atlantic, 41°30'N, 45°57'W, depth 700-800 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 33223. Paratypes: MCZ (1, missing), YPM 1414 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:186 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:439 [ref. 15273]). •Synonym of Lampanyctus macdonaldi (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Hulley 1990:442 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus macdonaldi (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

iselinoides, Lampanyctus Bussing [W. A.] 1965:205, Fig. 8 [Antarctic Research Series, Washington DC. v. 5; ref. 9201] Peru-Chile Trench, 31°58'S, 73°11'W, depth 35 fathoms. Holotype: LACM 10068. Paratypes: LACM 10069-72 (6, 13, 115, 29). •Valid as Lampanyctus iselinoides Bussing 1965 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus iselinoides Bussing 1965. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jagorii, Scopelus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1859:411 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1859; ref. 18542] 3 localities in Atlantic, 19.10°N, 25.22°W; 26.6°N, 24.7°W; 22.4°S, 23.50°W. Syntypes: ZMB 3811 (now 7). •Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:182 [ref. 7181] as coccoi, Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:425 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicum, Macrostoma quercinum Tanaka [S.] 1908:5, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 13); ref. 4321] Probably off Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 80459. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367]. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:246 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Notoscopelus japonicus (Tanaka 1908) -- (Fujii & Uyeno 1976:229 [ref. 7014], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:75 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:7 [ref. 24081], Peden & Hughes 1986:3 [ref. 9714], McAllister 1990:110 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1996:167 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:385 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:385 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:232 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2014:239 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33547], Park et al. 2019:425 [ref. 36942]). Current status: Valid as Notoscopelus japonicus (Tanaka 1908). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Kuroshio, subarctic, and transition zone, including Hancock Seamounts (Hawaiian Ridge). Habitat: marine.

jenseni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:141, Fig. 14 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of New Guinea, 3°18'N, 129°02'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329205. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:224 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:104, Pl. 14 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Nemuro, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 55837 [ex CM 4617]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22379 (1), USNM 74517 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Lampanyctus jordani Gilbert 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:93, 185, 237, 318 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:6 [ref. 24081], Okamura & Machida 1986:40 [ref. 22278], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:76 [ref. 22800], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:389 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:255 [ref. 25968], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:389 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:46 [ref. 27579], Mundy 2005:225 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus jordani Gilbert 1913. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Subarctic transition zone and California Current, straying to Hancock Seamounts (Hawaiian Ridge). Habitat: marine.

jouani, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:301, Fig. 58 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Makassar Strait, Indonesia, Albatross station 5672, 2°29'S, 118°51'E. Holotype: USNM 93153. •Synonym of Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

joubini, Lampanyctus Angel [F.] & Verrier [M. L.] 1931:127, Fig. 3 [Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco (Nouvelle Série) v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 15919] North of New Guinea, 1°16'S, 138°55'E, depth 2900 meters. Holotype: MOM or MNHN (not found in 1995). •Questionably a synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906) -- (Hulley & Duhamel 2010:260 [ref. 30745]). Current status: Synonym of Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

kapalae, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:342, Fig. 5 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] Southeast of Sydney, 34°11'S, 151°29'E, New South Wales, Australia, Kapala station 77-02-02, depth 0-290 meters. Holotype: AMS I.19767-001. Paratypes: AMS I.19767-002 (3), I.20306-044 (10); BMNH 1994.8.22.1-2 (2); CSIRO B 1307 (2); LACM 45940-1 (2); MNHN 1994-0518 (1), 1994-0556 (1); NMNZ P.31173 (2); SAM 33475 (2). Additional material: AMS (31 lots, 557), CSIRO (2 lots, 63), LACM 34350-2 (25), NMNZ (19 lots, 56). •Valid as Diaphus kapalae Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:275 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:642 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus kapalae Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kendalli, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:297, Fig. 55 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Leyte and Mindanao islands, Philippines, 10°02'45"N, 125°05'33"E, Albatross station 5487, depth 585 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93157. •Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

knappi, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:45, Fig. 43 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern coast of Madagascar, 23°36.4'S, 43°31'E, depth 450-460 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1977-0306. Paratypes: LACM 36549-0001 to 0004 (4). •Valid as Diaphus knappi Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:105, 338 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Kao & Shao 1996:4 [ref. 24963], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus knappi Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

knipovitschi, Myctophum glaciale Soldatov [V. K.] 1939:152 [English p. 164], Fig. 1 [Some new or rare species of fishes of our northern seas; ref. 15285] Southwestern part of Barents Sea, 72°44'N, 22°47'E, depth 166-230 meters. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Spelled both as knipovitsch and as knipovitschi, the later correct. •Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:172 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:398 [ref. 15273], Parin et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

kolaevi, Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) Prokofiev [A. M.] 2004:71, Fig. 3 [Beaufortia v. 54 (no. 4); ref. 28609] Off Belleny Islands, 66°06'S, 161°38"E, depth 540-500 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46004. Paratypes: ZIN 52711 (2). •Valid as Protomyctophum kolaevi Prokofiev 2004. Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum kolaevi Prokofiev 2004. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Balleny Islands, Southern Ocean. Habitat: marine.

kora, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:341, Fig. 4 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] East of Kermadec Islands, 28°23'S, 174°56'W, James Cook station J17/73/76, depth 0-387 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P31836. Paratypes: AMS I.34832-001 [ex LACM 44250-1] (1); LACM 44250-1 (1); NMNZ P 22114-15 (1, 1). •Valid as Diaphus kora Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Robertson & Clements 2015:643 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus kora Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kreffti, Symbolophorus Hulley [P. A.] 1981:98, Figs. 47a. [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Northwestern Atlantic, 11°04'N, 26°01'W, depth 140-150 meters. Holotype: ISH 920-1974a. Paratypes: ISH 920-1974b-o (14). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:81 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Symbolophorus kreffti Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1990:463 [ref. 15273], Gago & Ricord 2005:144 [ref. 28096], Hulley 2016:1926 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus kreffti Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

kroyeri, Scopelus Malm [A. W.] 1861:617 [Förhandlingar vid de Skandinaviske Naturforskarnes. v. 8 (for 1860); ref. 17594] North Atantic. Holotype (unique): NMG Pi.su. 219 (stomach content). Species originally as kröyeri [not kröyerii as in Eschmeyer et al. 1998]; according to Art. 32.5.2.1 of the Code, if the name is not based on a German word, the "e" should not be added; correct is apparently Scopelus kroyeri. •Synonym of Notoscopelus elongatus (Costa 1844), but a valid subspecies -- (Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076] as kroyeri). •Valid as Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:478 [ref. 13675], McAllister 1990:110 [ref. 14674], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:104 [ref. 22531] as kroeyerii, Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531] as kroeyerii, Arruda 1997:50 [ref. 24952] as kroeyerii, Filin 1998:284 [ref. 24676] as kroeyerii, Bañón Díaz et al. 2001:291 [ref. 26424] as kroeyerii, Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169] as kroyeri, Parin et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33547] as kryeri, Afonso et al. 2016:29, 235 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:312 [ref. 34397] as kroeyeri, Hulley 2016:1922 [ref. 34576] as kroeyerii, Mecklenburg et al. 2018:106 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic regions. Habitat: marine.

kuroshio, Diaphus Kawaguchi [K.] & Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:89, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 25 (no. 2); ref. 8921] Off Japan [northern Philippine Sea, western North Pacific], 31°24.1'N, 136°52.4'E. Holotype: ZUMT 54126 [ex ORIT]. Paratypes: ORIT 1127-1132 (6), 1147 (1), 1148 (1), 1281-1289 (9), 1394/1-7 (7); ZUMT 54127-54130 (4). •Valid as Diaphus kuroshio Kawaguchi & Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1994:71 [ref. 22800], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus kuroshio Kawaguchi & Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Japan to Hancock Seamount (Hawaiian Ridge). Habitat: marine.

kylei, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:133, Fig. 5 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Sulu Sea, 7°22'N, 121°16'E, depth 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329206. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lacerta, Lampanyctus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:81, Pl. 24 (fig. 89) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf of Mexico off Florida, 28°38'30"N, 85°52'30"W, Albatross station 2401, depth 142 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 43778 (3). "Secondary" syntypes: USNM 28893 (3), 43771 (10), 43779-80 (1, 1), 43801 (1). •Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181] as dumerili, Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440] as dumerili, Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lampanotus, Nychtophus Cocco [A.] 1846:750 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano Settima Riunione, Napoli; ref. 26448] Myctophidae.

langerhansi, Scopelus Johnson [J. Y.] 1890:454 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 2) (art. 5) (for 3 June 1890); ref. 14496] Madeira. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). •In family Myctophidae, unplaceable to genus -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). Myctophidae. Habitat: marine.

laternatum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:267, Pl. 56 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Mexico and Central America [eastern Pacific], 7°06'-27°39'40"N, 79°48'-111°00'30"W, Albatross station 3388, 3414, 3437, depth surface-1168 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28492 (7), 35186 (2), 35188 (1), 41788 (1); YPM 3703 [ex MCZ 28492] (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Diogenys laternatus (Garman 1899) -- (authors). •Valid as Diogenichthys laternatus (Garman 1899) -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:233 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:165 [ref. 24555], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:119 [ref. 26587], Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:221 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Diogenichthys laternatus (Garman 1899). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Central and eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) to Chile, west to Hawaiian Islands and equator at 170°W. Habitat: marine.

laticauda, Lampanyctus nannochir Kulikova [E. B.] 1954:196, Fig. 2 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 11; ref. 9500] Okhotsk Sea and Kuril Islands, Russia. Syntypes: (67) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Stenobrachius nannochir (Gilbert 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Parin et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Stenobrachius nannochir (Gilbert 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

latus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:95, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Misaki, Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 56208 [ex CM 4604]. Paratypes: FMNH 55828 [ex CM 4605] (6), CAS-SU 22432 (3). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Diaphus latus Gilbert 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906 -- (Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], Chen 2002:227 [ref. 26587], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

laurae, Loweina Wisner [R. L.] 1971:45, Fig. 4 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Eastern Pacific, 21°32'N, 123°00'W, surface. Holotype: SIO 57-99. Paratypes: CAS 24875 [ex SIO 65-65] (3); SIO 52-414 (19), 57-99 (7), 60-29 (9); USNM 205482 [ex SIO H52-401] (9). •Valid as Loweina laurae Wisner 1971 -- (Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Loweina rara (Lütken 1892) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:227 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Loweina rara (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

layi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:292, Fig. 51 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Northern Mindanao Island and vicinity, Philippines, Albatross station 5500, depth 267 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93145. •Synonym of Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lepidolychnus, Lampanyctus Becker [V. E.] 1967:112, Fig. 9a [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 84; ref. 7941] South Atlantic, 42°17'S, 39°00'W, depth 312-332 meters. Holotype: ZIN 37858. Paratypes: (5). •Valid as Lampanyctus lepidolychnus Becker 1967 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:308 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:523 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:663 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus lepidolychnus Becker 1967. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere, not in eastern or central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

leucopsarum, Myctophum (Stenobrachius) Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:5 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Off Point Loma, California, U.S.A. (stomach content). Lectotype: USNM 41916. Paralectotypes: (22) BMNH 1891.5.19.177-179 (3), CAS 1007 (1, lost in 1906), CAS 39615 [ex IU 4850] (1), MCZ 27389 (2). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:562 [ref. 2443]. •Valid as Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:93, 186, 239, 319 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:8 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:172 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:72 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:167 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:387 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:253 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:387 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:25 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:106 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lewisi, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1966:410, Figs. 7-11 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 133 (no. 9); ref. 9047] Tropical Atlantic, 13°31'N, 18°03'W, Dana station 4005 XI, depth about 15 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329207. Paratypes: (106) BCF 370 (100, now ?); MCZ 44000-01 (4, 80), USNM 231718 [ex 259155-F1] (20), ZMUC P2329208-09 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:422 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:68 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Caribbean Sea off Saint Croix Island, United States Virgin Islands, 17°54'N, 64°54'W, about 2500 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330212. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:40 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Nannobrachium lineatum (Tåning 1928) -- (Zahuranec 2000:34 [ref. 24618], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:231 [ref. 28379], Hulley 2016:1920 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Lampanyctus lineatus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:188 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:464 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:308 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:442 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:659 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus lineatus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but perhaps not in the eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lobatus, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:79, Fig. 77 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Northern Indian Ocean, 6°52'N, 79°30'E, 600 meters of wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P2334930. Paratypes: LACM 36547-1 and -2 (2); USNM 217451 (2); ZMUC P2334931-32 (2), P2334933-34 (2). •Valid as Diaphus lobatus Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus lobatus Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

lobiancoi, Stylophthalmus Mazzarelli [G.] 1909:187 [Rivista Mensile di Pesca e Idrobiologia (Pavia) Anno 11 (no. 9-12); ref. 17617] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:171 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:456 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

longipes, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1906:236, Fig. 155 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Madeira; Gulf of Guinea; south and north of Cocos Islands; Bengal Bay; south of Sri Lanka; Chagos Archipelago; Seychelles. Syntypes: (14) ZMB 17612 (2) station 215, 17613 (2) station 217. Gulf of Guinea and near Madeira types apparently referable to Bolinichthys indicus -- see Hulley & Duhamel 2010:266 [ref. 30745] •Synonym in part of Lepidophanes indicus Nafpaktitis & Nafpaktitis 1969 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:191 [ref. 7181]). •Valid as Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:286 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:254 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:164 [ref. 26605], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:230 [ref. 24545], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:378 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:167 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:378 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:212 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:511 [ref. 28994], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:274 [ref. 30745], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:28 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:635 [ref. 34257], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Fricke et al. 2019:68[ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys longipes (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: South Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to off Chile. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Lampanyctus Regan [C. T.] 1916:140, Pl. 6 (fig. 9) [British Antarctic ("Terra Nova") Expedition (1910-1913). Zoology v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 15063] 33°12'S, 171°05'E, northeast of Three Kings Island, New Zealand, depth 3 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1916.3.20.90 (larval specimen). •Synonym of Scopelopsis multipunctatus Brauer 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Scopelopsis multipunctatus Brauer 1906. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

longleyi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:296, Fig. 54 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Cebu and Leyte islands, Philippines, Albatross station 5229, depth 290 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92320. •Valid as Diaphus longleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

loricata, Alysia Lowe [R. T.] 1839:87 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. Holotype: BMNH 1948.8.9.1. •Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:182 [ref. 7181] as coccoi, Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:425 [ref. 15273], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Gonichthys cocco (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

lucida, Aethoprora Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:87, Pl. 27 (fig. 102) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Windward Passage between Cuba and Haiti, 19°45'N, 75°04'W, Albatross station 2127, depth 1639 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44084. •Valid as Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:446 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:413 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:636 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:219 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:643 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1891 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Worldwide in tropical and warm temperate seas. Apparently absent from eastern Pacific [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

luciferum, Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) Hulley [P. A.] 1981:27, Fig. 13b [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southwestern Atlantic, 34°01'S, 47°39'W, Walther Herwig station 28-II/68, depth about 2000 meters. Holotype: ISH 1564-1968a. Paratypes: ISH 1564-1968b-j (9). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:81 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Protomyctophum luciferum Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1986:318 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:174 [ref. 21685]). •Valid as Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) luciferum Hulley 1981 -- (Prokofiev 2004:74 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:234 [ref. 32059]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum luciferum Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

lucifrons, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:307, Fig. 63 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 12°43'51"N, 124°58'50"E, Albatross station 5444, depth 308 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93147. •Valid as Diaphus lucifrons Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus lucifrons Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

luetkeni, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:393, 400 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] 4 Valdivia stations in Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (4) ZMB 17603-04 (2), 22376 (1). Also appeared in Brauer 1906:221, Figs. 141-142 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:414 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:637 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086] as leutkeni, Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:214 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001] as leutkeni, Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:644 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1891 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

luminosum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:263, Pl. 55 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Near Galápagos Islands [eastern Pacific], 0°57'30"S, 89°03'30"W, Albatross station 3402, depth 421 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28498. •Valid as Lampadena luminosa (Garman 1899) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:182 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:68 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:304 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:219 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:262 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:432 [ref. 15273], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:655 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:386 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:162 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:386 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:223 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:521 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:658 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1903 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena luminosa (Garman 1899). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

lunatum, Myctophum Becker [V. E.] & Borodulina [O. D.] 1978:110, Fig. 1 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 111; ref. 8958] Northern Indian Ocean, 7°26'S, 124°13'E, surface. Holotype: ZIN 43261. Paratypes: IOM (14). •Valid as Myctophum lunatum Becker & Borodulina 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum lunatum Becker & Borodulina 1978. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

lychnobium, Myctophum Bolin [R. L.] 1946:137, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 509] About 200 miles off Cape Cormorin, India [southern Laccadive Sea, Indian Ocean], 5°56'N, 76°22'E. Holotype (unique): ZSI F7405/2 [possibly lost]. Type catalog: Menon & Rama Rao 1971:343 [ref. 31198]. •Questionably valid as Myctophum lychnobium Bolin 1946 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440]). •Possible synonym of Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner 1867) -- (Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Myctophum lychnobium Bolin 1946 -- (Shinohara et al. 1994:67 [ref. 22800], Chen 2002:138 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:228 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Dasyscopelus lychnobius (Bolin 1946) -- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716] as lychnobium). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus lychnobius (Bolin 1946). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands and eastern equatorial Pacific, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, but absent from eastern Pacific continental shelf. Habitat: marine.

macdonaldi, Nannobranchium Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:94, Pl. 29 (fig. 110) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 39°48'N, 70°36'W, Albatross station 2553, depth 551 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 35445 (disintegrated). Paralectotypes: ANSP 7978 (1); USNM 33526 (6), 35441 (1), 35539 (2), 35557 (1), 35616 (1), 39478 (1, on which most of description was made), 39481 (1), 43844-48 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1), 43850 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:131 [ref. 13621]. The original genus is correctly Nannobrachium. Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:564 [ref. 2443]. It is clear from this account that Goode & Bean regarded all specimens as types, although the actual description was based on one specimen and many others were listed; the lectotype was in fact not the one on which msot of the descriptive text was based [USNM numbers from D. G. Smith, 4/11/01]. •Valid as Lampanyctus macdonaldi (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:189 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:464 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:308 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:223 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:442 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:166 [ref. 21685], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:102 [ref. 22531], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:523 [ref. 28994], Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Robertson & Clements 2015:663 [ref. 34257], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 177 [ref. 36199], Hulley 2016:1908 [ref. 34576], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:103 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus macdonaldi (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic and adjacent Arctic areas, and circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

macrochir, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1864:408 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] No locality. Lectotype: BMNH 1947.12.16.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1947.12.16.2 (1), 1947.12.16.2 (1). Lectotype selected by Bolin 1959:8 [ref. 503]. BMNH 1947.12.16.2 is also a paralectotype of Hygophum hygomi. •Synonym of Hygophum hygomii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:183 [ref. 7181], Hulley 1990:427 [ref. 15273]). •Valid as Hygophum macrochir (Günther 1864) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:262 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:428 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:651 [ref. 23897], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:222 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:520 [ref. 28994], Hulley 2016:1900 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum macrochir (Günther 1864). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Atlantic, possibly Australia. Habitat: marine.

macrophus, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1928:136, Fig. 27 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Off Cat Island, Bahamas, 24°11'N, 75°35'W, 7500 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2172. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

macropterum, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1904:397, 404, Fig. 5 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Ten localities in Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (22) ASUM A15.1.2.4a (1); SMF 2078 (1); ZMB 17624-26 (3), 22377 (4); ZMH H5677 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:155 [ref. 22013]. •Valid as Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:189, 353 [ref. 8057], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:188 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:225 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean; questionably the Central North Pacific including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

maderensis, Scopelus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:87 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1865.1.19.2. •Valid as Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe 1839) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:174 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:438 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:209 [ref. 25518], Klausewitz 1989:257 [ref. 13650], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:403 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:36 [ref. 23162], Santos et al. 1997:44 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:44 [ref. 26753], Craddock, Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:200 [ref. 26158], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:23 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:312 [ref. 34397], Hulley 2016:1884 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe 1839). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

malayanus, Diaphus Weber [M.] 1913:89, Fig. 30 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Halmahera Sea, 0°17.6'S, 129°14.5'E, Siboga station 148, depth 1000 meters; Banda Sea, 3°58'S, 128°20'E, station 230, depth 2000 meters. Syntypes: RMNH 9941 (1); ZMA 109186-87 (1, 5), 109193 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:12 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:229 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:644 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

margaritatum, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:596, Pl. 68 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3830, from the surface. Holotype: USNM 51536. Paratypes: (62) CAS-SU 8573 (1), 8624 (11); USNM 51520 (1), 51528-36 (4, 3, 1, 1, 2, 5, 9, 3, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Myctophum nitidulum Garman 1899 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:172 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:453 [ref. 15273], Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum nitidulum Garman 1899. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

margaritiferus, Notoscopelus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:84, Pl. 26 (fig. 98) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Banquero, Newfoundland Banks, Canada. Lectotype: USNM 43775. Paralectotypes: USNM 43774 (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:555 [ref. 2443]. Correct spelling is kroyeri -- see account of Scopelus kroyeri Malm. •Synonym of Notoscopelus kroeyerii [should be kroyeri] (Malm 1861) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Scott & Scott 1988:230 [ref. 25518]). •Synonym of Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

mascarensis, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] in Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:850, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 5); ref. 20119] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 15°24'S, 61°24'E, depth 378-385 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49050. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17921 (5); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:50 [ref. 25714]. On p. 130 of English translation. •Valid as Diaphus mascarensis Becker 1990 -- (Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus mascarensis Becker 1990. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Rodrigues (Mascarenes), possibly endemic. Habitat: marine.

mcginnisi, Protomyctophum (Protomyctophum) Prokofiev [A. M.] 2004:68, Fig. 2 [Beaufortia v. 54 (no. 4); ref. 28609] Off South Shetland Islands, about 60-65°S, 60-65°W. Holotype: ZIN 39057. Paratypes: ZIN 39057a (1). •Valid as Protomyctophum mcginnisi Prokofiev 2004. Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum mcginnisi Prokofiev 2004. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: South Shetland Islands. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:63, Figs. 62-63 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southeastern Atlantic, 27°10'S, 8°59'E, 300 meters of wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P2334935. Paratypes: LACM 36545-1 (1), 36546-1 to -5 (5); USNM 216998 (2); ZMUC P2334936-43 (8). •Valid as Diaphus meadi Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:414 [ref. 15273], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:140 [ref. 25472], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:276 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:645 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1892 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus meadi Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

mediterranea, Lampanyctus gaussi var. Borodin [N. A.] 1928:12 [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): VMM 131 (now at AMNH). •Questionably a synonym of Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Stylophthalmus Mazzarelli [G.] 1909:187 [Rivista Mensile di Pesca e Idrobiologia (Pavia) Anno 11 (no. 9-12); ref. 17617] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Symbolophorus veranyi (Moreau 1888) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:197 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:464 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Symbolophorus veranyi (Moreau 1888). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:65, Fig. 65 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 2°00'S, 64°54'E, depth 0-528 meters. Holotype: LACM 31362-3. Paratypes: LACM 31362-4 and -5 (2); USNM 216999 (2); ZMUC P2334944 (1), P2334945-46 (2), P2334947 (1), P2334948 (1). •Valid as Diaphus megalops Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus megalops Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Myctophum Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:393 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Cape Horn (purchased). Syntypes: ZMB 199 (2). •Synonym of Electrona subasper (Günther 1864) -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:152 [ref. 21685]). •Synonym of Electrona subaspera (Günther 1864). Current status: Synonym of Electrona subaspera (Günther 1864). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

melanothorax, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1928:98, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Turks Island Passage, West Indies, 21°30'N, 71°11'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2260. Paratypes: (54) MCZ 34165 (1); YPM 2250-59 (23, 8, 1, 3, 4, 2, 7, 4, 1, 1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20-21 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Lepidophanes guentheri (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:190 [ref. 7181], Hulley 1990:448 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidophanes guentheri (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

metopoclampum, Myctophum Cocco [A.] 1829:144 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Diaphus metopoclampus (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:179 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:447 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:212 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:415 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:638 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:392 [ref. 25086], Kaya & Bilecenoğlu 2000:569 [ref. 25011], Dulĉić 2001:287 [ref. 25709], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:392 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Deval 2013:309 [ref. 33114], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Robertson & Clements 2015:645 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1892 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus metopoclampus (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal (including Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

mexicanum, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:51 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off Baja California, Mexico, 25°59'45"N, 111°03'30"N, Albatross station 3008. Lectotype: USNM 76343. Paralectotypes: (5) CAS-SU 68 (3, ?now 2), USNM 92806 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established in Jordan & Evermann 1896:563 [ref. 2443]. •Valid as Triphoturus mexicanus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:85 [ref. 9677], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:237 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:235 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Evseenko 2008:162 [ref. 32467], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:348 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Triphoturus mexicanus (Gilbert 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

meyeri, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:314, Fig. 68 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] West coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 15°45'54"N, 119°42'45"E, Albatross station D.5437. Holotype: USNM 93152. •Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

microchir, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:101 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Suruga Bay, Japan, Albatross station 5064, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 74468. •Questionably a synonym of Triphoturus nigrescens (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Triphoturus nigrescens (Brauer 1904) -- (Hulley 1986:88 [ref. 9677]). •Valid as Triphoturus microchir (Gilbert 1913) -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125] as macrochir, Nakabo 2000:387 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Evseenko 2008:170 [ref. 32467] as cf. microchir). Current status: Valid as Triphoturus microchir (Gilbert 1913). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

microlampas, Gymnoscopelus (Nasolychnus) Hulley [P. A.] 1981:266, Fig. 125a [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southwestern Atlantic, 41°46.6'S, 39°58.4'W, Walther Herwig station 105/76, depth 200-210 meters. Holotype: ISH 551-1976a. Paratypes: ISH 551-1976b-c (2). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:80 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Gymnoscopelus microlampas Hulley 1981 -- (Hulley 1986:301 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:159 [ref. 21685], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:141 [ref. 16024], Trunov 1999:463 [ref. 24579], Duhamel et al. 2005:200 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:520 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:654 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus microlampas Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

microps, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:400, Fig. 8 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Indian Ocean west of Chagos Archipelago, 4°05'08"S, 70°01'9"E, Valdivia station 226. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17596. •Questionably valid as Diaphus microps (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus microps (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

micropterum, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1906:239, Fig. 157 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Indian Ocean, 2°43'08"S, 61°12'06"E. Lectotype: ZMB 17616. Paralectotypes: (9) ZMB 17614-15 (1, 1). Lectotype selected by Hulley 1981 [ref. 2276] who concluded that ZMB 17614-15 were not this species. We treat micropterum as a synonym of nigrescens based on Hulley's 1986 review. •Questionably valid as Triphoturus micropterus (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Triphoturus micropterus (Brauer 1906) -- (Chen 2002:190 [ref. 26587]). •Synonym of Triphoturus nigrescens (Brauer 1904) -- (Hulley 1986:87 [ref. 9677], Mundy 2005:235 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:530 [ref. 28994], Evseenko 2008:162 [ref. 32467]). Current status: Synonym of Triphoturus nigrescens (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

micropunctatus, Lampanyctus Chapman [W. M.] 1939:527, Fig. 66 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Northeastern Pacific, 53°40'N, 134°15'W, 900-700 meters of wire out. Holotype: USNM 108142. Paratypes: (19) CAS 9548-57 (10); FMNH 42788 (1); CAS-SU 34469 (1); USNM 108161-67 (1 ea.). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19-20 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Nannobrachium regale (Gilbert 1892) -- (Zahuranec 2000:23 [ref. 24618], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:256 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Lampanyctus regalis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus regalis (Gilbert 1892). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

minax, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1968:57, Fig. 34 [Dana Report No. 73; ref. 6979] North Atlantic, 26°34.5'N, 79°04.5'W, Atlantis station 552, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 44952. Paratypes: UF 209168 [ex UMML 9168] (1), ZMUC P2329210 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus minax Nafpaktitis 1968 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus minax Nafpaktitis 1968. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

minima, Lampadena Tåning [A. V.] 1928:63 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 180 kilometers southwest of São Vicente, Cape Verde Islands], 15°50'N, 26°32'W, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329221. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:37 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Taaningichthys minimus (Tåning 1928) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:198 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:482 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:68 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:320 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:233 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:466 [ref. 15273], Arruda 1997:50 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:675 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:379 [ref. 25086], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:152 [ref. 27754], Nakabo 2002:379 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:234 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:680 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1928 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Taaningichthys minimus (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

mollis, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:60 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 300 kilometers north of São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde Islands], 19°22'N, 24°06'W, depth about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329211. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:32 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus mollis Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:179 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:447 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:212 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:416 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:45 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:639 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:200 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Shao et al. 2008:241 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:646 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1893 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus mollis Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

monodi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:306, Fig. 62 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Tanon Strait, east coast of Negros Island, Philippines, 10°08'15"N, 123°16'45"E, Albatross station D.5190, depth 295 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92315. •Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:413 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

multipunctatus, Scopelopsis Brauer [A.] 1906:146, Fig. 71 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Off Cape of Good Hope, 33°23'04"S, 16°19'04"E, South Africa, Valdivia station 91, depth 2000 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17560. •Valid as Scopelopsis multipunctatus Brauer 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:319 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:268 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:115 [ref. 24556], Hulley 1990:461 [ref. 15273], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:529 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:293 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:677 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1924 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Scopelopsis multipunctatus Brauer 1906. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

nannochir, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:51 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Pacific coast of U.S.A., depth 266-685 fathoms. Lectotype: CAS-SU 1459. Paralectotypes: MCZ 35988 [ex USNM 44291] (1), CAS-SU 20175 (9), USNM 44291 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20-21 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Gilbert 1896:400 [ref. 1628]. •Valid as Stenobrachius nannochir (Gilbert 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:8 [ref. 24081], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:72 [ref. 22800], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Shinohara et al. 1996:167 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:387 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:254 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:387 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35331]). Current status: Valid as Stenobrachius nannochir (Gilbert 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nanshanensis, Bolinichthys Yang [J.-J.] & Huang [Z.-Y.] 1992:78 [English p. 81], Fig. 1 [Tropic Oceanology v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 22072] Nansha Island, South China Sea, 6°20'N, 114°05'E, depth 0-875 meters. Holotype: Nanhai Oceano. Inst. 86(27)-010. Paratypes: Nanhai Oceano. Inst. 86(27)-011 (1). •Valid as Bolinichthys nanshanensis Yang & Hang 1992 -- (Chen 2002:169 [ref. 26587]). •Possibly a synonym of Bolinchthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890) -- (Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Bolinchthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890) -- (Hulley & Duhamel 2010:287, 289 [ref. 30745]). Current status: Synonym of Bolinichthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Western Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

nanus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:224, Pl. 1 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nuku Hiva Island, Marquesas Group, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75765. Paratypes: (4) CAS-SU 20184 (3), USNM 75766 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:216 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

naufragus, Dasyscopelus Waite [E. R.] 1904:154, Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 4561] Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: AMS I.5537-55 (19), I.5557-61 (5), IB.4178 [ex I.5556] (1); BMNH 1926.6.30.80 (1); CAS-SU 20171 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Myctophum asperum Richardson 1845 -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:453 [ref. 15273]). •Synonym of Dasyscopelus asper (Richardson 1845). Current status: Synonym of Dasyscopelus asper (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

nicholsi, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1911:17, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 30 (art. 2); ref. 14788] North of the Falkland Islands, about 47°S, 60°W. Holotype: AMNH 1919. Paratypes: AMNH 1916 (2), CAS-SU 22440 (1, dessicated). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. See Gymnoscopelus aphya Günther 1873. •Synonym of Gymnoscopelus aphya Günther 1873 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Gilbert 1911) -- (Hulley 1986:300 [ref. 5672] and Hulley 1990:154 [ref. 21685] but with older Gymnocephalus aphya Günther 1873 in synonymy as a forgotten name, Miller 1993:536 [ref. 21297], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Frolkina et al. 1998:132 [ref. 24763], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Duhamel et al. 2005:190 [ref. 32059], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Gilbert 1911). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

nielseni, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:17, Fig. 12 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Western Pacific, 6°37'N, 122°24'E, Dana station 3684 IX, 1500 meters wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P2334949. Paratypes: LACM 36544-1 (1); MNHN 1977-0305 (1); ZMUC P2334950-52 (3). •Valid as Diaphus nielseni Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus nielseni Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1904:403 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] East of Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, 2°38'09"S, 63°37'09"E, Valdivia station 231, depth 800-1000 meters. Lectotype: ZMB 22379. Paralectotypes: ZMB 17617 (1). Lectotype selected by Hulley 1986:89 [ref. 5672]. •Valid as Triphoturus nigrescens (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:321 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1986:87 [ref. 5672], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556], Paxton et al. 1989:269 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:234 [ref. 24545] as nigriscens, Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:192 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:387 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:235 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:530 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Evseenko 2008:162 [ref. 32467], Fricke et al. 2014:31 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:680 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Triphoturus nigrescens (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and tropical eastern Pacific, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

nigroocellatus, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1873:91 [11] [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 6424] South Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.8.1.40. On p. 11 of separate. •Valid as Centrobranchus nigroocellatus (Günther 1873) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:174 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:437 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:287 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:208 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:255 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:36 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:115 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:403 [ref. 15273], Gago & Lavenberg 1992:154 [ref. 19897], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:627 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:512 [ref. 28994], Hulley 2016:1884 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Centrobranchus nigroocellatus (Günther 1873). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal, including Hawaiian Islands, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigrum, Nannobrachium Günther [A.] 1887:199, Pl. 52 (fig. B) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] 4°33'N, 127°06'E, south of Philippines [ca. 7.6 kilometers southwest of Pulau Kakalotan, Kepulauan Nenusa, Talaud Archipelago, Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia, western Pacific], Challenger station 214, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.219. •Valid in genus Lampanyctus -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Nannobrachium nigrum Günther 1887 -- (Zahuranec 2000:14 [ref. 24618], Nakabo 2000:387 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:388 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:231 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242]). •Valid as Lampanyctus niger (Günther 1887) -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:115 [ref. 25464], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:178 [ref. 26587], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus niger (Günther 1887). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and Vietnam east to Hawaiian Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and northern New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

nikolayi, Bolinichthys Becker [V. E.] 1978:260, Fig. 1 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 111; ref. 8959] Southwestern Pacific, 19°39'S, 175°10'E, depth 1760 meters. Holotype: ZIN 43780. Paratypes: IOM (1). •Valid as Bolinichthys nikolayi Becker 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:255 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton et al. 2006:511 [ref. 28994], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:280 [ref. 30745], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:636 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys nikolayi Becker 1978. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Western and central South Pacific: eastern Australia and New Zealand region to the central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nipponensis, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:86 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] South of Kagoshima, Japan, 30°34'N, 129°22'E, Albatross station 4920, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 74467. •Synonym of Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:191 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:450 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

nitida, Lampadena luminosa Tåning [A. V.] 1928:62 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 17°43'N, 64°56'W, depth about 250 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330214. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2329848 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:36 [ref. 10436]. •Synonym of Lampadena luminosa (Garman 1899) -- (Nafpaktitis & Paxton 1968:7 [ref. 7906], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:432 [ref. 15273], Mundy 2005:223 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Lampadena luminosa (Garman 1899). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

nitidulum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:266, Pl. 56 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Northeast of Hawaiian Islands, 27°50'N, 145°45'30"W, surface. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28493. •Valid as Myctophum nitidulum Garman 1899 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:172 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:174 [ref. 14275], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:472 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:313 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:266 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:453 [ref. 15273], Shinohara et al. 1994:66 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:167 [ref. 26605], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:49 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:667 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:166 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:14 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:383 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:116 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:141 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:383 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:203, 535 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Savinykh et al. 2004:658 [ref. 27937], Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:526 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2014:239 [ref. 33330], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:158 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:670 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1916 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum nitidulum Garman 1899. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

nobilis, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:66 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Western Atlantic [ca. 81 kilometers east to Barbuda, Antigua & Barbuda], 17°41'N, 60°58'W, depth about 3000 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330211. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:41 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Lampanyctus nobilis Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:109, 340 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:183 [ref. 14275], Paxton et al. 1989:264 [ref. 12442], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:308 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:443 [ref. 15273], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:660 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:391 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:184 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:391 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Savinykh et al. 2004:657 [ref. 27937], Mundy 2005:225 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:523 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:158 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:664 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1909 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus nobilis Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands), but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nocturnum, Myctophum Poey [F.] 1861:426 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 6871. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:176 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

normani, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1932:127, Fig. 2 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] East of New Zealand, 41°47'S, 176°55'E, depth about 100 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329231. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Protomyctophum normani (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:318 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:268 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:175 [ref. 21685], Prokofiev 2004:74 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:236 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:528 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:676 [ref. 34257], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum normani (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

notialis, Lampadena Nafpaktitis [B. G.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1968:13, Fig. 5 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 138; ref. 7906] South Pacific, 42°00'-08'S, 160°11'-05'E, depth 0-800 meters. Holotype: LACM 11321-1. Paratypes: LACM 11331-1 (1); MCZ 45892 (1). •Valid as Lampadena notialis Nafpaktitis & Paxton 1968 -- (Hulley 1986:304 [ref. 5672], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:100 [ref. 14235], Paxton et al. 1989:263 [ref. 12442], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:521 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:659 [ref. 34257], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena notialis Nafpaktitis & Paxton 1968. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

novaeguineae, Lampanyctus macropterus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:7 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Near New Guinea. Unneeded replacement name for Lampanyctus macropterus taningi Angel & Verrier 1931, technically apparently not preoccupied by Lampanyctus taaningi Parr 1929; also earlier replaced by Serpa freta Whitley 1936. •Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

novaeseelandiae, Scopelus (Myctophum) Steindachner [F.] 1900:177 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 16) (for 21 June 1900); ref. 20498] New Zealand. Holotype (unique): UMB 4667 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Wahlert 1955:326 [ref. 21527]. Species originally as novae seelandiae, correction mandatory; later described in more detail in Steindachner 1900:513 [p. 31 of separate] [ref. 14892]. •Questionably valid in Myctophum -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Myctophum novaeseelandiae (Steindachner 1900). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

obtusirostre, Myctophum pristilepis Tåning [A. V.] 1928:53 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Western Atlantic [ca. 27 kilometers northwest of Christiansted, Saint Croix, United States Virgin Islands, Caribbean Sea], 17°54'N, 64°54'W, depth about 2500 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329232. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:13 [ref. 10436] and as obtusirostrum. •Valid as Myctophum obtusirostre Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:175 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:314 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:266 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:454 [ref. 15273], Shinohara et al. 1994:66 [ref. 22800], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:668 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:384 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:152 [ref. 27754], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:146 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:384 [ref. 26001], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192] with wrong type locality, Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:526 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:671 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:9 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1916 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Dasyscopelus obtusirostris (Tåning 1928)-- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716] as obtusirostre). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus obtusirostris (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Hawaiian Islands), but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

oceanicus, Rhinoscopelus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:168 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] 10°57'N, 137°35'W, Pacific, southeast of Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50622. Paratypes: USNM 126653 [ex USFC 2736] (1). •Questionably a synonym of Myctophum affine (Lütken 1892) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Myctophum nitidulum Garman 1899 -- (Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum nitidulum Garman 1899. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

oculeum, Myctophum Chapman [W. M.] 1939:524, Fig. 65 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Northeastern Pacific off Simeonof Island, Alaska Peninsula, U.S.A., 54°15'N, 158°23'W. Holotype: USNM 108146. Paratypes: (37) CAS-SU 34470 (1); MCZ 28500 (7), 34945-46 (24, 4), 35162 (1), 35182 (1), 35183 (10), 35185 (1), 35187 (1), 35189 (2); USNM 108158-59 (1, 1), 120422 [ex MCZ 28500] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:21 [ref. 12291]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Myctophum oculeum Garman 1899, replaced by Myctophum thompsoni Chapman 1944. •Objective synonym of Protomyctophum thompsoni (Chapman 1944) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Parin et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Protomyctophum thompsoni (Chapman 1944). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

oculeum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:260, Pl. 56 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Pacific coast of Mexico, depth 421-1772 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28500 (7, ?now 3), 34945-46 (1, 4), 35162 (1), 35182 (1), 35185 (1), 35187 (1), 35189 (2); USNM 120422 [ex MCZ 28500] (1). •Questionably a synonym of Triphoturus mexicanus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Triphoturus mexicanus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Hulley 1986:85 [ref. 9677]). •Valid as Triphoturus oculeum (Garman 1899) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:167 [ref. 24555], Evseenko 2008:162 [ref. 32467]). Current status: Valid as Triphoturus oculeum (Garman 1899). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

omostigma, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:232, Pl. 5 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Pacific, about 1000 miles north of Marquesas Islands, 10°57'35"N, 137°35'25"W, Albatross. Holotype: USNM 75769. Paratypes: CAS-SU 20200 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Lampanyctus omostigma Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:167 [ref. 24555], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:181 [ref. 26587], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus omostigma Gilbert 1908. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: South and eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

opalinum, Myctophum Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:72, Pl. 22 (fig. 81) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf Stream, western Atlantic. Lectotype: USNM 43808. Paralectotypes: MCZ 27684 [ex USNM 43799] (1); USNM 43798-99 (11, 30), 43800 (1), 43802-07 (1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 20), 43809 (1), 92816 (1), 147799 [ex 43807] (1), 147800 and 147801 [ex 43808] (1, 1), 150700 (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:571 [ref. 2443] or else by Paxton 1979: [ref. 6440]. •Questionably a synonym of Myctophum affine (Lütken 1892) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Myctophum affine (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

opisthopterus, Gymnoscopelus Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1949:1094, 1102, Fig. on p. 1094, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London v. 118 (pt 4); ref. 1496] Antarctica, 64°22.6'S, 106°33.3'E, Discovery station 1718, depth 550-900 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1948.5.14.612. •Valid as Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus Fraser-Brunner 1949 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:300 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:156 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:538 [ref. 21297]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus Fraser-Brunner 1949. Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Dasyscopelus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:70, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Misaki, Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 55834 [ex CM 6313]. Paratypes: (125) FMNH 55835-36 (25, 38); CAS-SU 22233 (12), 22436 (9); USNM 74671-72 (5, 17). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367]. Type as CM 4613 in Pl. 11 evidently in error. •Valid as Myctophum orientale (Gilbert 1913) -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], Nakabo 2000:384 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:384 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:526 [ref. 28994]). •Valid as Dasyscopelus orientalis Gilbert 1913 -- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716] as orientale). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus orientalis Gilbert 1913. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ostenfeldi, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:142, Fig. 15 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] West of New Zealand, 35°36'S, 171°52'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329212. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus ostenfeldi Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:416 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:149 [ref. 21685], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:276 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:646 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1893 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus ostenfeldi Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Subtropical convergence and adjacent tropical seas in Southern Hemisphere and in northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ovcharovi, Myctophum Tsarin [S. A.] 1993:21, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 33 (no. 1); ref. 20789] Indian Ocean, 8°03'N, 54°58'E, depth 75 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50222. Paratypes: (many). •Valid as Myctophum ovcharovi Tsarin 1993 -- (Savinykh & Balanov 1999:423 [ref. 24871]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum ovcharovi Tsarin 1993. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1931:34, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 4); ref. 3371] Eastern Pacific coast of Mexico, 16°14'00"N, 99°36'30"W, 3750 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2690. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Diaphus pacificus Parr 1931 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus pacificus Parr 1931. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll; eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru, west to 5°N, 140°W. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Diaphus lutkeni Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:24 [20], Fig. 16 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western North Pacific, 31°02'N, 146°05'E, depth 6000-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36109. Paratypes: (19). On p. 20 of English translation. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Diaphus pacificus Parr 1931. •Synonym of Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904) [apparently should be lutkeni] -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:414 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Diaphus Gjøsaeter [J.] 1989:537, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologica Scripta v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 17666] Gulf of Aden, 11°47'N, 43°29'E, depth 310 meters. Holotype: ZMUB 8726. Paratypes: ZMUB 8727 (1). •Valid as Diaphus pallidus Gjøsaeter 1989. Current status: Valid as Diaphus pallidus Gjøsaeter 1989. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

panamense, Myctophum pterotum Tåning [A. V.] 1932:129, Fig. 3 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Gulf of Panama, 7°30'N, 79°19'W, depth about 100 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329233. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:10 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Benthosema panamense (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:229 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:165 [ref. 24555], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Benthosema panamense (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru. Habitat: marine.

panurgus, Diogenichthys Bolin [R. L.] 1946:140, Fig. 2 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 509] About 200 miles off Cape Cormorin, India, 5°56'N, 76°22'E, Investigator station 670, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F7334/2 (perhaps lost). Paratypes: ZSI F7335/2 (3, perhaps lost), CAS-SU 40371 [ex ZSI] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:378 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama Rao 1971:343 [ref. 31198], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:35 [ref. 22148] with only SU lot, Talwar 1977 [ref. 21522]. •Valid as Diogenichthys panurgus Bolin 1946 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:297 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:120 [ref. 26587], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diogenichthys panurgus Bolin 1946. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

parallelum, Myctophum Lönnberg [E.] 1905:764 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 23); ref. 15369] South Atlantic, 48°27'S, 42°36'W [or 44°36'W], open net to depth of 2500 meters. Holotype (unique): NRM 43056. Also appeared as new in Lönnberg 1905:62 [ref. 2839]. •Valid as Protomyctophum (Hierops) parallelum (Lönnberg 1905) -- (Prokofiev 2004:74 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:218 [ref. 32059]). •Valid as Protomyctophum parallelum (Lönnberg 1905) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:316 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:268 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:169 [ref. 21685], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:529 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:292 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:676 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum parallelum (Lönnberg 1905). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

parini, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] 1992:6, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 32 (no. 6); ref. 20772] Eastern Pacific, 24°41'S, 85°29'E, depth 320 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50127. Paratypes: IOAN (2), ZMMU P-18783 (3). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:50 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Diaphus parini Becker 1992. Current status: Valid as Diaphus parini Becker 1992. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parri, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:135, Fig. 7 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Southeast of New Caledonia, 27°21'S, 175°11'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2331765. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:204 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:647 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parvicauda, Lampanyctus omostigma Parr [A. E.] 1931:26, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 4); ref. 3371] Pacific coast of Mexico, 16°14'00"N, 99°36'30"W, 3750 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2682. Paratypes: YPM 2684 (11). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Lampanyctus parvicauda Parr 1931 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Mundy 2005:225 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Robertson et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus parvicauda Parr 1931. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru. Habitat: marine.

parvimanus, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1864:406 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] South Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.8.10.4. •Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440] as glacialis). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

paucirastra, Electrona Bolin [R. L.] in Andriashev 1962:280 [Issledovanija fauny morej = Explorations of the fauna of the seas, Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Zoologiceskij Institut v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 9192] Southern Indian Ocean, 39°30'S, 71°16'E. Syntypes: CSIRO A 2045 [?= B 3377] (1), ZIN 36765 (5). Author is R. L. Bolin. Perhaps authorship should be Andriashev (ex Bolin) since the distinguishing features were established by Andriashev. •Valid as Electrona paucirastra Bolin 1962 -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:297 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:152 [ref. 21685], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Duhamel et al. 2005:176 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:519 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:278 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:651 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Electrona paucirastra Bolin 1962. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

paurolychnus, Taaningichthys Davy [B.] 1972:71, Fig. 4 [United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin v. 70 (no. 1); ref. 7607] Off northern Baja California, Mexico [eastern Pacific], 31°N, 119°W. Holotype: SIO 70-19. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.1.11.1 (1); LACM (3); MMF 22115 (1); NMFSH (2); SIO 67-102 (2), 70-20 (2); USNM 206233-34 (1, 1); VNIRO (1); ZIN 39908 (1); ZMUC P2330669 (1). •Valid as Taaningichthys paurolychnus Davy 1972 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:198 [ref. 7181], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:483 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:68 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1990:467 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:676 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:379 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:379 [ref. 26001], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:234 [ref. 28379], Hulley 2016:1928 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Taaningichthys paurolychnus Davy 1972. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including Hawaiian Islands, but except South Pacific. Habitat: marine.

peccatus, Serpa Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:228 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] Spirits Bay, North Cape, New Zealand. Holotype: BMNH 1910.3.20.89. Based on Lampanyctus macropterus of Regan 1916 (not of Brauer), Terra Nova Zool. v. 1 (no. 4), p. 140, Pl. 6 (fig. 5). •Synonym of Hygophum hanseni (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Hygophum hanseni (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

peculiaris, Lampanyctus Borodin [N. A.] 1929:111 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 10; ref. 15886] North Atlantic, 47°40'N, 37°20'W, depth 600-0 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 31628. •Synonym of Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:186 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:439 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus crocodilus (Risso 1810). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

perspicillata, Aethoprora Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:36 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 1); ref. 5861] Lord Howe Island, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): QM I.794 (in 2 pieces). •Valid as Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:213 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:417 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:640 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:205 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:647 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1894 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but not in the eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

phengodes, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 253 [33], Fig. 11 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] South Pacific, 25°50'S, 102°50'E. Holotype: ZMUC 14. Paratypes: ZMUC 230-239 (20). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:41 [ref. 9588]. On p. 33 of separate. •Valid as Myctophum phengodes (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:176 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:314 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:455 [ref. 15273], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:526 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:289 [ref. 30633], Klepadlo et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33349], Robertson & Clements 2015:671 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1917 [ref. 34576]). •Valid as Ctenoscopelus phengodes (Lütken 1892) -- (Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716]). Current status: Valid as Ctenoscopelus phengodes (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

phillipsi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:287, Fig. 47 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Panay and Negros [Visayas Group], Philippines [Panay Gulf, Sulu Sea, western Pacific], Albatross station D.5184, depth 565 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93149. •Valid as Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:105, 338 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:210 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:648 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific, but not the northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

photonotus, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1928:102, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Off Crooked Island, Bahamas, 22°43'N, 74°23'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2261. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Lampanyctus photonotus Parr 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:189 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:465 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:309 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:223 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:443 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:48 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:38 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192] as photonotos, Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1909 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus photonotus Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

photothorax, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1928:95, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, western North Atlantic, 23°55'N, 77°09'W, 4000-7000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2263. Paratypes: BMNH 1930.12.31.5-6 (2); YPM 2262 (7), 2264-71 (9, 2, 6, 9, 3, 1, 11, 5). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Bolinichthys photothorax (Parr 1928) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:286 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:208 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:255 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:36 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:401 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:625 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:212 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:511 [ref. 28994], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:283 [ref. 30745], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:636 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1883 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys photothorax (Parr 1928). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in all tropical and subtropical seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

phyllisae, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:39, Fig. 20 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] Southeastern Pacific, 33°24'S, 73°33'W to 33°32'S, 73°35'W. Holotype: WHOI. Paratypes: SIO 52-372 (2), 63-1013-14 (2, 1), 65-667 (4), 68-320 (1), 69-321 (1), 69-330 (7); USNM 303164 (3), 303310 (5); WHOI 1344 (1), 1359 (1). •Valid as Lampanyctus phyllisae (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus phyllisae (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

piabilis, Lampanyctus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:103, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] Stranded on beach at Macquarie Island, south of Tasmania. Holotype: AMS IA.504. Paratypes: AMS IA.505 (1). •Valid as Gymnoscopelus piabilis (Whitley 1931) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:301 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:261 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:142 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:160 [ref. 21685], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Duhamel et al. 2005:202 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:520 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:281 [ref. 30633], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Robertson & Clements 2015:655 [ref. 34257], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscopelus piabilis (Whitley 1931). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

pinchoti, Benthosema Fowler [H. W.] 1932:4, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 80 (no. 2906); ref. 1412] Nukuhiva, Marquesas Islands. Holotype: USNM 91823. •Synonym of Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

polyphotis, Lampanyctus Beebe [W.] 1932:67, Fig. 14 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16099] 5 miles south of Nonsuch Island, Bermuda, depth 900 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 171200 [ex NYZS 10151]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:175 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:405 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:147 [ref. 21685], Chen 2002:173 [ref. 26587] as polyphotos). Current status: Synonym of Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

pontifex, Lampadena Krefft [G.] 1970:277, Figs. 1-2 [Berichte der Deutschen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission für Meeresforschung v. 21 (no. 1-4); ref. 7756] Between Cape Verde Islands and Senegal coast, 14°31'N, 17°39'W, depth 400-0 meters. Holotype: ISH 662-1964a. Paratypes: ISH 536-1968 (1), 616-1964 (1), 636-1964 (1), 662-1964b-c (2). Type catalog: Krefft 1978:12 [ref. 9884]. •Valid as Lampadena pontifex Krefft 1970 -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:305 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:433 [ref. 15273], Hulley 2016:1904 [ref. 34576], Brown et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena pontifex Krefft 1970. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Central and eastern Atlantic: Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Saint Helena east to Mauritania to Namibia. Habitat: marine.

pristilepis, Dasyscopelus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:412, Pl. 39 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Hawaiian Islands, 21°15'49"N, 157°44'27"W, Albatross station 286, surface. Holotype: USNM 47737. Paratypes: CAS-SU 4930 (1, dry). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Myctophum brachygnathum (Bleeker 1856) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:228 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Myctophum brachygnathum (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

problematicus, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1928:143, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 24°29'N, 77°29'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2195. Paratypes: YPM 2194 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:178 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:641 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1894 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

procellarum, Myctophum Bean [T. H.] in Jordan & Gilbert 1881:457 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 173) [v. for 1880]; ref. 12598] Off Straits of Juan da Fuca. No types known. Name only with locality, not available. •In the synonymy of Tarletonbeania crenularis (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440] as crenulare). Current status: Synonym of Tarletonbeania crenularis (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Myctophidae: Myctophinae.

procerum, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1904:402, Fig. 9 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Near Agulhas Bank, South Africa, 35°32'08"S, 18°20'01"E, southeastern Atlantic, Valdivia station 112, depth 2000 meters. Syntypes: ZMB 22382 (2) station 112, 17609 (?). •Valid as Lampichthys procerus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:310 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:265 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556], Hulley 1990:446 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:166 [ref. 21685], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:161 [ref. 24555], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Duhamel et al. 2005:212 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:524 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:667 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1911 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Lampichthys procerus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

protoculus, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:52 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] 47°28'30"N, 125°24'W, off Washington, U.S.A., Albatross station 3072, depth 584 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 44290. Paralectotypes: (2) CAS-SU 40 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:21 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:565 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:252 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

proximum, Hygophum Becker [V. E.] 1965:81, Fig. 7 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 80; ref. 9199] Eastern-central Indian Ocean, 0°58'S, 82°58'E, Vitiaz station 4912, 125-140 meters over great depth. Holotype: ZIN 37537. Paratypes: (10). Plus additional material. •Valid as Hygophum proximum Becker 1965 -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:65 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:302 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:262 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Shinohara et al. 1994:68 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:165 [ref. 24555], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:382 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:114 [ref. 25464], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:128 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:382 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:222 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:521 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:657 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum proximum Becker 1965. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

proximum, Myctophum fibulatum Parr [A. E.] 1929:8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 76 (no. 2807); ref. 15936] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, western Atlantic, 24°29'N, 77°29'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2184. Paratypes: USNM 89714 (1). Additional material: YPM 2178-83 (15, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:399 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

pseudoalatus, Lampanyctus Tåning [A. V.] 1918:108 (footnote), Fig. 42 [Report on the Danish Oceanographical Expeditions 1908-1910 to the Mediterranean and Adjacent Seas v. 2 (Biol.) (A. 7); ref. 12242] North of Cape Verde Islands, eastern Atlantic, 20°00'N, 21°55'W, depth about 75 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330202. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2330203-04 (2), P2329222 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:38 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:45 [ref. 10436]. Described in footnote. •Synonym of Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:187 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:436 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

pseudocrocodilus, Scopelus Moreau [É.] 1891:84, Fig. 227 [Histoire naturelle des poissons de la France. Supplément.; ref. 17794] Off Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 1898-1115 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Notoscopelus elongatus (Costa 1844) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus elongatus (Costa 1844). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

pterotus, Scopelus (Myctophum) Alcock [A. W.] 1890:217 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Madras coast, India, 18°30'N, 84°46'E, Investigator station 96, depth 98-102 fathoms. Syntypes: (about 60) BMNH 1890.11.28.31-36 [ex ZSI 12737] (6), ?1947.12.17.1 [? Ex ZSI 12737] (1); MNHN 1890-0348 to 0351 (1, 1, 1, 1); ZSI F12737-39 (24). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19576], Menon & Yazdani 1968:104 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:35 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Benthosema pterotum (Alcock 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Dor 1984:49 [ref. 29757], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:65 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:285 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:254 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1965 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:382 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:124 [ref. 26587] dated 1891, Nakabo 2002:382 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:203, 535 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:410 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:510 [ref. 28994], Larson et al. 2013:48 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:171 [ref. 34104], Golani & Fricke 2018:36 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:68[ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Benthosema pterotum (Alcock 1890). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

punctatissimus, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:103 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Suruga Bay, Japan, 35°02'10"N, 138°38'00"E, Albatross station 5064, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74469. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22437 (1, dessicated); USNM 74515-16 (1, 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:186 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:436 [ref. 15273], Chen 2002:176 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:224 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

punctatum, Myctophum Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:35, 56, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:171 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:472 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:227 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:456 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:38 [ref. 23162], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:105 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:49 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24203], Craddock, Bañón Díaz et al. 2001:289 [ref. 26424], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:46 [ref. 26753], Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:204 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:61 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:917 [ref. 33112], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 224 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:312 [ref. 34397], Hulley 2016:1917 [ref. 34576], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:105 [ref. 36370], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Valid as Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Atlantic to the Arctic region; Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara. Habitat: marine.

pusillus, Scopelus Johnson [J. Y.] 1890:457 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 2) (art. 5) (for 3 June 1890); ref. 14496] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1890.5.31.8. •Valid as Lampanyctus pusillus (Johnson 1890) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:189 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:466 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:309 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:224 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:265 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:444 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:38 [ref. 23162], Santos et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:48 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:38 [ref. 24203], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:46 [ref. 26753], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Paxton et al. 2006:524 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:61 [ref. 29533], Paxton & Bray 2008:288 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649], Goren & Galil 2015:516 [ref. 33910], Robertson & Clements 2015:664 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1910 [ref. 34576], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus pusillus (Johnson 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic (including Mediterranean Sea) and southern circumglobal in temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

pyrsobolus, Scopelus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:218, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Off Madras coast, India, 15°38'N, 82°30'E, Investigator station 102, depth 920-690 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F12839. Type catalog: Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:35 [ref. 22148] as pyrosobulus. Figured in Alcock 1900: Pl. 30 (fig. 3) [ref. 20536]. •Valid as Bolinichthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:255 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:166 [ref. 26587] dated 1891, Mundy 2005:212 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:511 [ref. 28994], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:287 [ref. 30745], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys pyrsobolus (Alcock 1890). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indian Ocean to central and southern Pacific, north to Japan, south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

quercinus, Notoscopelus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:83, Pl. 26 (fig. 97) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Newfoundland Banks, northwestern Atlantic. Lectotype: USNM 43789. Paralectotypes: USNM 43790 (1), 43791 (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:554 [ref. 2443], also by Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181]. •Synonym of Notoscopelus kroeyerii (Malm 1861) [should be kroyeri] -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:195 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Scott & Scott 1988:229 [ref. 25518]). •Synonym of Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861). Current status: Synonym of Notoscopelus kroyeri (Malm 1861). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

rafinesquii, Nyctophus Cocco [A.] 1838:180 [20], Pl. 7 (fig. 7) [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna Anno 1 Tomo 2 (fasc. 9); ref. 865] San Raineri, Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 20 of separate. •Valid as Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:448 [ref. 13675] as rafinesquei, Scott & Scott 1988:214 [ref. 25518], Klausewitz 1989:257 [ref. 13650], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:36 [ref. 23162], Santos et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23531] as rafinesquei, Arruda 1997:45 [ref. 24952] as rafinesquei, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:642 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:35 [ref. 24203], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:174 [ref. 26753], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Cihangir et al. 2003:568 [ref. 27170] as rafinesquei, Golani 2005:23 [ref. 37112] as rafinesquei, Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649] as rafinesquei, Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Hulley 2016:1895 [ref. 34576], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in temperate and tropical seas, including Mediterranean Sea. Records from Indian and Pacific oceans require verification [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

rarus, Scopelus (Rhinoscopelus) Lütken [C. F.] 1892:246, Fig. 4 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] Western central Atlantic, 20°00'N, 49°00'W. Lectotype: ZMUC 223. Paralectotypes: (2) ZMUC 224 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:42 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Wisner 1976:78 [ref. 19273]. •Valid as Loweina rara (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:193 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:471 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:312 [ref. 5672], Matarese et al. 1989:156 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:265 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:115 [ref. 24556], Hulley 1990:451 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Santos et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23531], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:13 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:227 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:525 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:668 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1914 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Loweina rara (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

rassi, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:28 [24], Fig. 19 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, off New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, 6°15'S, 153°44'E. Holotype: ZIN 36108. Paratypes: (11). On p. 24 of English translation. •Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

rectangularis, Lampichthys Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1949:1096, 1103, Fig. on p. 1096, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London v. 118 (pt 4); ref. 1496] Southwestern Atlantic, 44°42'S, 53°32.2'W, Discovery station 717. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1948.5.14.690. •Synonym of Lampichthys procerus (Brauer 1904) -- (Hulley 1986:310 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:446 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:167 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Synonym of Lampichthys procerus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

regale, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:544 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] 32°40'30"N, 117°31'30"W, Santa Barbara Channel, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 2923, depth 822 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 44289. Paratypes: (3) CAS-SU 64 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:21 [ref. 12291]. •Valid in genus Lampanyctus -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Nannobrachium regale (Gilbert 1892) -- (Zahuranec 2000:23 [ref. 24618], Nakabo 2000:387 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:256 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:388 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:47 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:231 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:24 [ref. 34694], Tohkairin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35331]). •Valid as Lampanyctus regalis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:91, 185, 237, 318 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:6 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:166 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:76 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus regalis (Gilbert 1892). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North and eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

regani, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:139, Fig. 12 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Off New Caledonia, 20°53.2'S, 164°03.3'E, depth about 750 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329213. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus regani Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:222 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus regani Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Tropical and warm temperate waters of eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific Habitat: marine.

regularis, Myctophum coccoi forma Brauer [A.] 1904:390 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] No locality. Syntypes: ZMH. •Synonym of Centrobranchus nigroocellatus (Günther 1873) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:174 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:403 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Centrobranchus nigroocellatus (Günther 1873). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

reidi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:309, Fig. 64 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicinity of Marinduque Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5368, 13°35'30"N, 121°48'00"E, depth 181 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93154. •Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:179 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:413 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

reinhardti, Nyctimaster Jordan [D. S.] 1921:645, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 59 (no. 2392); ref. 2419] Off lava flow from Mauna Loa, Alika, Kau District, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 84095 (1 of 2). Paratypes: BPBM (2, poor condition), USNM 84095 (1 of 2). •Questionably valid as Lampanyctus reinhardti (Jordan 1921) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:225 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Uncertain as Lampanyctus reinhardti (Jordan 1921). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

reinhardtii, Scopelus Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 257 [37], Fig. 18 (or 16?) [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] About 190 kilometers northwest of Madeira, eastern Atlantic, 34°22'N, 18°10'W. Lectotype: ZMUC 24. Paralectotypes: ZMUC 42 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:42 [ref. 9588] refers the ZMUC specimens as syntypes. Lectotype established by Gilbert 1908:219 [ref. 12299]. On p. 37 of separate. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:245 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Hygophum reinhardtii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:184 [ref. 7181] as reinhardti, Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:455 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:65 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:303 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:262 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125] as reinhardti, Hulley 1990:429 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:235 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:652 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:165 [ref. 24555] as reinhardti, Porteiro et al. 1999:11 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:382 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754] as reinhardti, Wang & Chen 2001:114 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:132 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:382 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192] as reinhardti, Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076] as reinhardti, Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:222 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:521 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:657 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1901 [ref. 34576], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum reinhardtii (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas, but usually absent in equatorial waters of Indo-West Pacific; present on Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

remiger, Myctophum Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:74, Pl. 22 (fig. 84) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf Stream, 40°34'18"N, 64°09'W, Albatross station 2573; plus other localitites. Syntypes: USNM 43792 (orig. 8, now 9); "secondary" syntypes: USNM 38193 (6), 33482 (?), 38171 (?), 43793 (?), 43974 (7), 43795 (?), 28942 (3). •Synonym of Hygophum hygomii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:183 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:427 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Hygophum hygomii (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

renschi, Myctophum Ahl [E.] 1929:195 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 81 (nos 7/10) (art. 3); ref. 15880] Sabang, We Island, northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMB 20724. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema fibulatum (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

resplendens, Lampanyctus Richardson [J.] 1845:42, Pl. 27 (figs. 16-18) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] No locality [Gulf of Guinea on BMNH ledger sheet]. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1848.3.16.-- (3). See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:246 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:194 [ref. 7181], Fujii & Uyeno 1976:229 [ref. 7014], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:478 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:75 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:315 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:231 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:178 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:268 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:110 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:460 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:168 [ref. 21685], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:167 [ref. 26605], Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:50 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:672 [ref. 23897], Filin 1998:284 [ref. 24676], Porteiro et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:385 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:121 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:231 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:385 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:232 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:528 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:291 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:674 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1923 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson 1845). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, disjunct (including Hawaiian Ridge). Habitat: marine.

reversus, Symbolophorus Gago [F. J.] & Ricord [R. C.] 2005:139, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2005 (no. 1); ref. 28096] Eastern Pacific, 11°57.5'S, 85°00.0'W, at surface at night. Holotype: SIO 52-377. Paratypes: LACM 10293 (1), 30473-8 (5), 30604-9 (4); SIO 52-310 (2), 52-325 (1), 52-372 (1), 52-374 (2), 52-377 (1), 52-381 (3), 53-277 (1), 55-260 (1), 55-262 (1), 60-528 (2), 75-257 (5), 77-217 (5), 79-127 (1), 79-136 (1), 91-181 (5), 93-10 (2). •Valid as Symbolophorus reversus Gago & Ricord 2005 -- (Mundy 2005:234 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus reversus Gago & Ricord 2005. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Central and eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands east to eastern Pacific from 20°N to 20°S. Habitat: marine.

richardsoni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:136, Fig. 8 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of New Guinea, 2°00'N, 138°22'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329214. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:197 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

risso, Scopelus Cocco [A.] 1829:144 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:246 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Electrona risso (Cocco 1829) [often as rissoi, but risso is correct] -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:181 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:173 [ref. 14275], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:451 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:298 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:216 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:148 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:424 [ref. 15273], Shinohara et al. 1994:71 [ref. 22800], Golani 1994:36 [ref. 23162], Galil & Goren 1994:49 [ref. 23163] as rissoi, Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Santos et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23531], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Arruda 1997:45 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:35 [ref. 24203] as rissoi, Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:381 [ref. 25086], Wang & Chen 2001:114 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:381 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Golani 2005:23 [ref. 37112] as rissoi, Mundy 2005:221 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:519 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Paxton & Bray 2008:279 [ref. 30633], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649] as rissoi, Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Robertson & Clements 2015:651 [ref. 34257], Bañón et al. 2016:312 [ref. 34397] as rissoi, Hulley 2016:1898 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Electrona risso (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumtropical in tropical and temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

ritteri, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:318, Pl. 15 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 4513, depth 389-456 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75807. Paratypes: CAS-SU 25495 (1), 25522 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Nannobrachium ritteri (Gilbert 1915) -- (Zahuranec 2000:26 [ref. 24618], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:257 [ref. 25968], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:348 [ref. 35888]). •Valid as Lampanyctus ritteri Gilbert 1915 -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Peden et al. 1985:7 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:168 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:107 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:73 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus ritteri Gilbert 1915. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rivatoni, Diaphus Bourret [P.] 1985:69, Fig. 5; Pl. 1A [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 133 (art. 3); ref. 8105] Philippines, 13°56.5'N, 120°20.7'E, depth 128-143 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1984-0392. Paratypes: BMNH 1992.11.5.1 (1). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

roei, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1974:4, Fig. 2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 254; ref. 7448] Northwestern Atlantic, 17°20'N, 62°52'W, Oregon station 5072, depth 305 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 210553. Paratypes: LACM 33704-1 (1), 33705-1 and -2 (2); MCZ 49100-01 (1, 1); USNM 210554-55 (1, 1). •Valid as Diaphus roei Nafpaktitis 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus roei Nafpaktitis 1974. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rolfbolini, Diaphus Wisner [R. L.] 1971:47, Fig. 5 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Eastern Pacific, 10°00'N, 116°52.5'W, depth 0-920 meters. Holotype: SIO 68-536. Paratypes: SIO 60-249 (1), 60-276 (1), 69-330 (2); USNM 205485 (2), 205778 (21). •Synonym of Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

rufinum, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1928:54 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 15°50'N, 26°32'W, surface. Lectotype: ZMUC P2330210. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:16 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Symbolophorus rufinus (Tåning 1928) -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:320 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:464 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:673 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:98 [ref. 24106], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:233 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2014:31 [ref. 33932], Hulley 2016:1926 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus rufinus (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal (including Mascarenes), but except the eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rutkovichi, Lampichthys Linkowski [T. B.] 1985:321, Fig. 4 [Zoologica Scripta v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 8145] Southeastern Atlantic, 23°36'S, 6°13'E, depth 0-500 meters. Holotype: ZMB 31410. Paratypes: AMS 25314-001 (2), BMNH 1985.4.18.1-2 (2), ZMB 31411-12 (1, 1). •Synonym of Lampichthys procerus (Brauer 1904) -- (Hulley 1990:167 [ref. 21685]). Current status: Synonym of Lampichthys procerus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Gymnoscopelinae. Habitat: marine.

sagamiensis, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:96, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: FMNH 55831 [ex CM 4608]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22433 (2, dessicated), FMNH 55832 (3), USNM 74648 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Chen 2002:207 [ref. 26587]). •Valid as Diaphus sagamiensis Gilbert 1913 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus sagamiensis Gilbert 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

salubris, Electrona risso Whitley [G. P.] 1933:62 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Between Gabo Island and Cape Everard, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: AMS E.5701. •Synonym of Electrona risso (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:182 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:261 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:424 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. 2006:519 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Electrona risso (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

scapulofulgens, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:316, Fig. 71 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Butung [Buton] Strait, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5648, 5°35'00"S, 122°20'00"E, depth 559 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93155. •Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

schmidti, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:139, Fig. 11 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of Samoa, 7°46'S, 167°10'E, depth about 100 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329215. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Kao & Shao 1996:4 [ref. 24963], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Sulawesi east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

schmitzi, Scopelus Johnson [J. Y.] 1890:456 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 2) (art. 5) (for 3 June 1890); ref. 14496] East end of Madeira. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1890.5.31.4 (1). •Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181] as dumerili, Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440] as dumerili, Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

scofieldi, Diogenichthys Bolin [R. L.] 1939:122, Fig. 16 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 508] Off Cortez Banks, Pacific coast of Baja California, 31°33'N, 119°57'W, depth 0-50 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 33657. Paratypes: MCZ (1, not found), CAS-SU 39680-82 (1, 1, 2), USNM 102709 (1), YPM 1409 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Diogenichthys atlanticus (Tåning 1928) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:181 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:422 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diogenichthys atlanticus (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

scoticus, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1889:31 [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 31 (pt 78); ref. 2017] Faeröe Channel, northern Atlantic. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1889.7.22.6-7 (2), 1889.7.22.8-12 (5). •Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:172 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:398 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

selenoides, Myctophum Wisner [R. L.] 1971:43, Fig. 3 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] West of Keahole Point, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 0-1150 meters. Holotype: SIO 60-251. Paratypes: BPBM 9792 (1); SIO 68-534 (1), 70-66 (1); USNM 205471-72 (2, 1). •Synonym of Myctophum selenops Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:314 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:457 [ref. 15273], Chen 2002:144 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Dasyscopelus selenops (Tåning 1928). Current status: Synonym of Dasyscopelus selenops (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

selenops, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1928:54 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Western Atlantic [ca. 8 kilometers north of La Habana, Cuba, Gulf of Mexico], 23°13'N, 82°21'W, depth about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329234. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:14 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Myctophum selenops Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:172 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:474 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:314 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:228 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:457 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:669 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:383 [ref. 25086], Chen 2002:144 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:383 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:202 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:527 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:672 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1918 [ref. 34576]). •Valid as Dasyscopelus selenops (Tåning 1928) -- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716]). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus selenops (Tåning 1928). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands), but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

septilucis, Lampanyctus Beebe [W.] 1932:68, Fig. 15 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16099] 7 miles south-southwest of Nonsuch Island, Bermuda, depth 700 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 171199 [ex NYZS 14292a]. Paratypes: CAS 42742-43 [ex NYZS 14292b and 14061] (1, 1). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Lampanyctus festivus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:188 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:440 [ref. 15273], Chen 2002:186 [ref. 26587]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus festivus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

sibogae, Promacheon Weber [M.] 1913:85, Fig. 29 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Banda Sea, 3°58'S, 128°20'W, Siboga station 230, depth 2000 meters; Banda Sea, 4°30.2'S, 129°25'E, Siboga station 243, depth 1000 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 112630-31 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:12 [ref. 19236]. •Questionably valid as Lampanyctus sibogae (Weber 1913) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Lampanyctus sibogae (Weber 1913). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

signatus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:228, Pl. 3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nukuhiva Island, Marquesas Group, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75767. Paratypes: (should be just 1): CAS-SU 20190 (1, dessicated), 20193 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diaphus signatus Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:225 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus signatus Gilbert 1908. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

simile, Myctophum Tåning [A. V.] 1928:56 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 31°47'N, 41°41'W, depth about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329235. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:40 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:10 [ref. 10436]. •Synonym of Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:173 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:399 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:44 [ref. 23531], Chen 2002:123 [ref. 26587]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

similis, Diaphus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:7, Figs. 3b, 4 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] Northeastern Pacific. Holotype: SIO 71-177. Paratypes: CAS 15989 [ex SIO 71-178] (2); SIO 63-841 (2), 71-179 (3), 71-180 (4); USNM 208459 (3), 208460 (1). •Valid as Diaphus similis Wisner 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus similis Wisner 1974. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

simulator, Lampanyctus Wisner [R. L.] 1971:51, Fig. 7 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Eastern Pacific, 41°01'N, 155°00'W, depth 0-410 meters. Holotype: SIO 69-17. Paratypes: CAS 24874 (1); OSUO 1046 (1); SIO H51-356 (5), 53-305A (1), 53-356 (1), ?69-17 (4), 69-18 (1); USNM 205480 (1), 205487 (1), 231695 (1). •Valid as Lampanyctus simulator Wisner 1971 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:389 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:389 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:226 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus simulator Wisner 1971. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sloviancae, Stylophthalmoides Sanzo [L.] 1920 Probably a misspelling of Stylophthalmus lobiancoi Sanzo 1920 [ref. 12984], forming "sloviancae" from S. lobiancoi. Current status: Synonym of Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque 1810. Myctophidae: Myctophinae.

speculigera, Lampadena Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:85, Pl. 26 (fig. 99) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] North Atlantic, 39°48'N, 70°36'W, depth 551 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 43797. Paralectotypes: USNM 39479 (1), 43796 (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:561 [ref. 2442] and as figured specimen in caption to Pl. 91, p. 3251 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446]. •Valid as Lampadena speculigera Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:184 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:458 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:305 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:263 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Scott & Scott 1988:220 [ref. 25518], Hulley 1990:433 [ref. 15273], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:101 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:47 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:37 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Bañón Díaz et al. 2001:289 [ref. 26424], Chen 2002:164 [ref. 26587], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Duhamel et al. 2005:210 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:522 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:284 [ref. 30633], Møller et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Robertson & Clements 2015:659 [ref. 34257], Bañón et al. 2016:312 [ref. 34397], Hulley 2016:1904 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena speculigera Goode & Bean 1896. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Atlantic and southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

spinosus, Scopelus Steindachner [F.] 1867:119 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 4 (no. 14) (for 16 May 1867); ref. 21724] China, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): NMW 58690. Species also appeared on p. 79 of English version [ref. 18764]; later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1867:711, Pl. 3 (figs. 4-4a) [p. 11 of separate] [ref. 6393]. •Valid as Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner 1867) -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:113, 342 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:314 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:384 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:116 [ref. 25464], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:136 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:384 [ref. 26001], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Mundy 2005:229 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:527 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:31 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:672 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805]). •Valid as Dasyscopelus spinosus (Steindachner 1867) -- (Martin et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35716] as spinosum). Current status: Valid as Dasyscopelus spinosus (Steindachner 1867). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland and Lord Howe Island (Australia) and New Caledonia and New Zealand region; strays to southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

splendidum, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:399, Fig. 7 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] 11 localities in Atlantic and Indian oceans. Syntypes: SMF 2081 (1); ZMB 17600-01 (1, 1), 20773 (1); ZMH H5657 or H5676 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:155 [ref. 22013]. Also appeared in Brauer 1906:218, Figs. 138-139 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:419 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:643 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:648 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1895 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas. Habitat: marine.

steadi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:310, Fig. 65 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Makassar Strait, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5667, 2°56'S, 118°47'30"E, depth 367 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93164. •Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

steinbecki, Lampanyctus Bolin [R. L.] 1939:140, Fig. 23 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 508] Off Lone Point, Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A., depth 800 feet. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 33658. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:20 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Lampanyctus steinbecki Bolin 1939 -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:309 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:390 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:390 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:226 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus steinbecki Bolin 1939. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and southern California, U.S.A. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Scopelus Bennett [F. D.] 1840:288 [Narrative of a whaling voyage round the globe v. 2; ref. 260] Pacific off South America, Lat. 43°S. No types known. •Questionably a senior synonym of Electrona subasper (Günther 1864) -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:152 [ref. 21685]). •Synonym of Electrona subaspera (Günther 1864). Current status: Synonym of Electrona subaspera (Günther 1864). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

stilbius, Lampanyctus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:235, Pl. 6 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nukuhiva Island, Marquesas Group, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 75768. •Questionably a synonym of Bolinichthys photothorax (Parr 1928) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:283 [ref. 30745]). Current status: Uncertain as Bolinichthys photothorax (Parr 1928). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

streetsi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:291, Fig. 50 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Sombrero Island, China Sea off southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5111, 13°45'15"N, 120°46'30"E, depth 236 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93162. •Synonym of Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Hulley 1990:421 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

subasper, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1864:411 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] South of Australia, 43°30'S, 123°E. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.8.5.45. •Valid as Electrona subasper (Günther 1864) -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:298 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:261 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Electrona subaspera (Günther 1864) -- (Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:139 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:152 [ref. 21685], Duhamel et al. 2005:178 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:519 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:279 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:652 [ref. 34257], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Electrona subaspera (Günther 1864). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

suborbitale, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:82 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Suruga Bay, Japan, 35°02'10"N, 138°38'E, Albatross station 5064, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74473. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22438 (2), USNM 74500 (2), 74661-62 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:21 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:173 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:434 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:66 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:285 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:207 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:254 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:36 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:399 [ref. 15273], Hulley in Okamura et al. 1995:100 [ref. 22531], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Santos et al. 1997:44 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:624 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:33 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1965 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:382 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:123 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:382 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:410 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:211 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:510 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:271 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Parin et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:635 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1881 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

suborbitalis, Diaphus Weber [M.] 1913:90, Fig. 31 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Bali Sea, 7°35.4'S, 117°28.6'E, Indonesia, Siboga station 38, depth 521 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 109968. Paralectotypes: (should be 3) RMNH 9942 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 109987 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:12 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Wisner 1974:4 [ref. 7549]. •Valid as Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:185, 351 [ref. 8057], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:849 [ref. 20119], Kao & Shao 1996:5 [ref. 24963], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:216 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Robertson & Clements 2015:648 [ref. 34257], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

subparallelum, Myctophum arcticum Tåning [A. V.] 1932:128 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Cook Strait, New Zealand, 41°47'S, 176°55'E, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329223. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:4 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Protomyctophum (Hierops) subparallelum (Tåning 1932) -- (Prokofiev 2004:74 [ref. 28609]). •Valid as Protomyctophum subparallelum (Tåning 1932) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:316 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:268 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:169 [ref. 21685], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:529 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:292 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:677 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum subparallelum (Tåning 1932). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

subpectoralis, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1928:101, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 24°29'N, 77°29'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2249. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer 1906) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:191 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:447 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

subtilis, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1968:92, Figs. 61-62 [Dana Report No. 73; ref. 6979] North Atlantic, 13°47'N, 61°26'W, Dana station 1183 I, [4500 meters wire out], depth about 2250 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329216. Paratypes: MCZ 44953-54 (1, 1); ZMUC P2329217 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus subtilis Nafpaktitis 1968 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:449 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:644 [ref. 23897], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1896 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus subtilis Nafpaktitis 1968. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

supralateralis, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1928:81, 94, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Off Great Exuma, Bahamas, western Atlantic, 23°42'N, 76°43'W, 7000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2229. Paratypes: (3) ?MCZ 34164 [ex YPM] (1); YPM 2228 (2), 2230 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21-22 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Bolinichthys supralateralis (Parr 1928) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:186 [ref. 14275], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:435 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:286 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:255 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:103 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:402 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:626 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Wang & Chen 2001:113 [ref. 25464], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:198 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:511 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Hulley & Duhamel 2010:290[ref. 30745], Robertson & Clements 2015:637 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1883 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Bolinichthys supralateralis (Parr 1928). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas, but not in the eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

taaningi, Diaphus Norman [J. R.] 1930:332, Fig. 30 [Discovery Reports v. 2; ref. 3219] 0°36'S, 8°28'E, off French Congo, Atlantic, depth 100-200 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1930.1.12.835. •Valid as Diaphus taaningi Norman 1930 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:179 [ref. 14275], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:214 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273], Boschung 1992:72 [ref. 23239] as taeningi, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:645 [ref. 23897], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1896 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus taaningi Norman 1930. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic, straying to southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

taaningi, Hygophum Becker [V. E.] 1965:76, Fig. 5 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 80; ref. 9199] North Atlantic, 22°47'N, 63°40'W, depth 125-140 meters over great depth. Holotype: ZIN 37538. Paratypes: (2) not at ZIN. •Valid as Hygophum taaningi Becker 1965 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:184 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:456 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:219 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:430 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:46 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:653 [ref. 23897], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1901 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Hygophum taaningi Becker 1965. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

taaningi, Lampanyctus Parr [A. E.] 1929:27 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 76 (no. 2807); ref. 15936] Exuma Sound, Bahamas, 24°51'N, 76°37.5'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2301. Paratypes: USNM 89715 (1). Additional material: YPM 2117-19 (1, 2, 5). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:22 [ref. 16741] as taningi. •Synonym of Lampanyctus photonotus Parr 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:189 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:444 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus photonotus Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

tanakae, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:88 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Off southeastern coast of Kiusiu, 31°10'30"N, 131°58'30"E, Albatross station 4951, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74470. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22439 (1, dessicated), USNM 74652 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. The spelling tanakae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using tanakae when the species is treated as valid. •Questionably valid as Diaphus tanakae Gilbert 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913 -- (Chen 2002:229 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

taningi, Lampanyctus macropterus Angel [F.] & Verrier [M. L.] 1931:124, Fig. 2 [Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco (Nouvelle Série) v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 15919] North of New Guinea, 1°16'S, 138°55'E, depth 2900 meters. Holotype: MNHN or MOM (not found in 1995). Originally as tåningi. Apparently not technically preoccupied by Lampanyctus taaningi Parr 1929, Serpa freta Whitley 1936 is an unneeded replacement. •Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Lampanyctus macropterus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Habitat: marine.

taylori, Tarletonbeania Mead [G. W.] 1953:105, Fig. 1 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 38 (pt 2, no. 7); ref. 12703] 44 miles east of Ohakozaki, Iwate Prefecture, Japan, 39°21'N, 142°56'E. Holotype: USNM 164970. Paratypes: CAS-SU 18670 (1), 18673 (1); USNM 164971-72 (1, 1). •Questionably valid as Tarletonbeania taylori Mead 1953 -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Tarletonbeania taylori Mead 1953 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:9 [ref. 24081], Shinohara et al. 1994:69 [ref. 22800], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Nakabo 2000:380 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:250 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:380 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:49 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Tarletonbeania taylori Mead 1953. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tenisoni, Myctophum Norman [J. R.] 1930:321, Fig. 27 [Discovery Reports v. 2; ref. 3219] South Atlantic, 46°25'S, 15°13'E, depth 96 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1930.1.12.604. Paratypes: BMNH 1930.1.12.605-611 (8). •Valid as Protomyctophum tenisoni (Norman 1930) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:318 [ref. 5672], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:176 [ref. 21685], Miller 1993:523 [ref. 21297], Prokofiev 2004:73 [ref. 28609], Duhamel et al. 2005:238 [ref. 32059], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum tenisoni (Norman 1930). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

tenua, Tarletonbeania Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:7 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Near Coronado Islands. near San Diego, California, U.S.A. (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 41882. •Valid as Tarletonbeania tenua Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890 -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Valid as Tarletonbeania tenua Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tenuicauda, Scopelus Steindachner [F.] 1867:590 [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (pts 4-5); ref. 4213] China Sea. Holotype (unique): NMW (not found). •Myctophidae, unplaceable to genus -- (Paxton 1979:18 [ref. 6440]). Myctophidae. Habitat: marine.

tenuiculum, Myctophum Garman [S.] 1899:262, Pl. J (fig. 5) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] San Mariato Point, Gulf of Panama, 6°21'N, 80°41'W, Albatross station 3382, surface. Syntypes: MCZ 28499 (4). •Valid as Gonichthys tenuiculus (Garman 1899) -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125] as tenuicolus, Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:234 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:162 [ref. 24555], Mundy 2005:221 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Gonichthys tenuiculus (Garman 1899). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tenuiforme, Myctophum (Lampanyctus) Brauer [A.] 1906:243, Fig. 160 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Between Seychelles and Zanzibar (Tanzaqnia) [ca. 71 kilometers northeast of Eagle Island, Amirante Islands, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean], 4°34'08"S, 53°42'08"E, Valdivia station 235. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17620. •Valid as Lampanyctus tenuiformis (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:13 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:111, 341 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:185 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:309 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:445 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:166 [ref. 26605], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:661 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:391 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:115 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:180 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:391 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192] as tenuiformes, Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:201 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:226 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:158 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:665 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1910 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus tenuiformis (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal, primarily equatorial, including Hawaiian Islands, but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

terminata, Loweina Becker [V. E.] 1964:18, Fig. 2 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 73; ref. 8009] Central Northern Pacific, 37°59'N, 172°56'E, Vitiaz station 4084, surface. Holotype: ZIN 37342. Paratypes: (10) not at ZIN. •Valid as Loweina terminata Becker 1964 -- (Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Nakabo 2000:380 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:380 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:227 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Loweina terminata Becker 1964. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Pacific: North Pacific transition zone (and central gyre?), including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

termophilus, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:59 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 14°38'N, 61°16'W, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329218. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:26 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:449 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:215 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:646 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:649 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1897 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Tropical and warm temperate waters of Atlantic, western and southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

theta, Diaphus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Off Point Loma, California, U.S.A.(from rockfish mouth). Lectotype: USNM 41914 (?1 of 2). Paralectotypes: (10) BMNH 1891.5.19.175-176 (2), CAS [old no.] 1003 (lost in 1906), MCZ 27392 (1), USNM 41922 (5). Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1978:62 [ref. 8904]. •Valid as Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:6 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:176 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:70 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:252 [ref. 25968], Moku et al. 2001:385 [ref. 25793], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:46 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:24 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:106 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: North Pacific subarctic transition zone and California Current (northeastern Pacific), waifs reaching Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

thiollierei, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:289, Fig. 48 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicinity of western Bohol Island, Philippines, 9°31'50"N, 124°40°00"E, Albatross station D.5199. Holotype: USNM 93158. •Valid as Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:296 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:518 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Electrona Chapman [W. M.] 1944:54 [Copeia 1944 (no. 1); ref. 17988] Northeastern Pacific off Simeonof Island, Alaska Peninsula, U.S.A., 54°15'N, 158°23'W. Holotype: USNM 108146. Paratypes: (37) CAS-SU 34470 (1); MCZ 28500 (7), 34945-46 (24, 4), 35162 (1), 35182 (1), 35183 (10), 35185 (1), 35187 (1), 35189 (2); USNM 108158-59 (1, 1), 120422 [ex MCZ 28500] (1). Replacement name for Myctophum oculeum Chapman 1939, preoccupied by Myctophum oculeum Garman 1899. •Valid as Protomyctophum thompsoni (Chapman 1944) -- (Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:65 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:7 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:152 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:65 [ref. 22800], Shinohara et al. 1996:167 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:381 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:248 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:381 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:47 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:25 [ref. 34694]). Current status: Valid as Protomyctophum thompsoni (Chapman 1944). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

thori, Myctophum glaciale var. Tåning [A. V.] 1918:33 [Report on the Danish Oceanographical Expeditions 1908-1910 to the Mediterranean and Adjacent Seas v. 2 (Biol.) (A. 7); ref. 12242] Sea of Marmara (Mediterranean Sea), 40°48'N, 27°59'E; Alborean Sea, Strait of Messina, Ionian Sea, Adriatic Sea, Bay of Korinth, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ZMUC P2329225 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:39 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Paxton 1979:6 [ref. 6440], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:44 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:24 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt 1837). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Myctophum Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:125 [2] [West American Scientist v. 6 (no. 48); ref. 1251] Cortez Banks, off San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 45 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.5.19.172-173 (2), MCZ 35970 (1), CAS-SU 20173 (1), USNM 41921 (3). On p. 2 of separate. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:246 [ref. 25968]. •Synonym of Ceratoscopelus warmingii Lütken 1892 -- (Badcock & Araújo 1988:16 [ref. 21455]). •Valid as Ceratoscopelus townsendi (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889) -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:103, 337 [ref. 8256], Peden & Hughes 1986:2 [ref. 9714], Matarese et al. 1989:160 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:36 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:231 [ref. 24545], Chen 2002:171 [ref. 26587], Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Ceratoscopelus townsendi (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through cold temperate seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

trachops, Diaphus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:5, Figs. 2, 3A. [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 200-225 meters. Holotype: SIO 71-172. Paratypes: BPBM 14310 (2); CAS 15988 (2); LACM 6880-4 (1); SIO 71-172 (1, with holotype), 71-175 (1), 71-176 (2); USNM 208457-58 (1, 5). •Valid as Diaphus trachops Wisner 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:220 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus trachops Wisner 1974. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Central and eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands east to central California, U.S.A. Habitat: marine.

turneri, Serpa Fowler [H. W.] 1934:285, Fig. 45 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Bantigue Island, between Leyte Island and Mindanao Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5497, depth 960 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92313. Paratypes: USNM 92313 (1, with holotype). •Valid as Lampanyctus turneri (Fowler 1934) -- (Paxton 1979:14 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:70 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:309 [ref. 5672], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:391 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:115 [ref. 25464], Nakabo 2002:391 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Fricke et al. 2014:30 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus turneri (Fowler 1934). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Tropical and subtropical waters of western Indian Ocean and western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

umbroculus, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:317, Fig. 72 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Verde Island Passage and Batangas Bay, Philippines, 13°42'N, 120°57'15"E, Albatross station D.5268, depth 170 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93148. •Valid as Diaphus umbroculus Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus umbroculus Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

uracoclampus, Scopelus Facciolà [L.] 1884:51 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 21833] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5549-5550 (2). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:222-223 [ref. 20099]. Original not seen. •Synonym of Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:191 [ref. 7181] as uraeoclampus, Paxton 1979:15 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:450 [ref. 15273] as uraeoclampus and with question). Current status: Synonym of Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

urolampus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:408, Pl. 38 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3467 and 3472, depth 310 and 295 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 4926 (3); USNM 47709 (3), 47717 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:246 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Idiolychnus urolampus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:109, 340 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:849 [ref. 20119], Becker 1992:3 [ref. 20772], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:386 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:386 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:223 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Idiolychnus urolampus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Madagascar and Mascarenes, Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Hawaiian Islands, Nazca and Sala-y-Gomez ridges. Habitat: marine.

urophaos, Lampadena Paxton [J. R.] 1963:29, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1963 (no. 1); ref. 5134] 5.7 miles north of Ship Rock, Santa Catalina Island, southern California, U.S.A., 33°32'N, 118°25'W, about 700 meters over 850 meters. Holotype: LACM 6843-6 [ex AHF 2589]. Paratypes: LACM 6843-7 and -8 [ex AHF 2590-2591] (2); SIO H51-75 (1), H51-76 (1), H51-83 (1), H51-84 (1). •Valid as Lampadena urophaos Paxton 1963 [often with subspecies] -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:68 [ref. 6441], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:458 [ref. 13675], Peden & Hughes 1986:2 [ref. 9714], Matarese et al. 1989:162 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:263 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:106 [ref. 14674], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:236 [ref. 24545], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:386 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:386 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:224 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:522 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Parin et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:660 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena urophaos Paxton 1963. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Pacific: Taiwan to Kuril Islands east to Hawaiian Islands, Baja California (Mexico), and off Colombia; eastern Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

vadulus, Lampanyctus Hulley [P. A.] 1981:217, Fig. 99 [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 31 (Beiheft 1); ref. 2276] Southeastern Atlantic, 1°24'S, 25°58'W, Walther Herwig station 186/66, depth 0-370 meters. Holotype: ISH 596-1966a. Paratypes: ISH 596-1966b-e (4). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:80 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Lampanyctus vadulus Hulley 1981 -- (Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:184 [ref. 14275], Hulley 1990:446 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:55 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Hulley 2016:1911 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus vadulus Hulley 1981. Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

valdiviae, Myctophum Brauer [A.] 1904:398, Fig. 6 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Atlantic and Indian oceans. Syntypes: (66) ASUM A15.1.2.2a (2); SMF 2074-05 (1, 4), 11942 (1), 17729 (7); SNMBR I-10017 (1); SMNS 4477 (1); ZMB 17586-89 (2, now 1, 4, now 3), 20007 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:1023 [ref. 19904], Fricke 1995:16 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:50 [ref. 29864]. Also in Brauer 1906:206, Fig. 27 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Notolychnus valdiviae (Brauer 1904) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:193 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:16 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:475 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:67 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:315 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:229 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:267 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:38 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:115 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:109 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:458 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1321 [ref. 22830], Santos et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:49 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:670 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1964 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:379 [ref. 25086], Wang & Chen 2001:121 [ref. 25464], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:379 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:412 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:232 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:256 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:528 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:31 [ref. 33932] with double entry as Myctophum valdiviae and Notolychnus valdiviae, Robertson & Clements 2015:673 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1921 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Notolychnus valdiviae (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Notolychninae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through cold temperate seas, disjunct (including Hawaiian Islands), but excluding southwestern Africa, Indonesian internal seas, Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand region and the Pacific north to 38°N. Habitat: marine.

vanhoeffeni, Myctophum (Diaphus) Brauer [A.] 1906:222, Fig. 143 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] German South Pole Expedition. Lectotype: ZMB 19367. Paralectotypes: ZMB (1). Lectotype selected by Bertelsen et al. 1981:31 [ref. ]. •Valid as Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906) -- (Hulley 1990:422 [ref. 15273], Hulley 2016:1897 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

venetus, Gonichthys Becker [V. E.] 1964:39, Fig. 14 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 73; ref. 8009] South Pacific, 27°40'S, 171°56'E, Vitiaz station 3845. Holotype: ZIN 37343. Paratypes: (10) not at ZIN. •Questionably valid -- (Paxton 1979:11 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Gonichthys venetus Becker 1964 -- (Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Mundy 2005:221 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Gonichthys venetus Becker 1964. Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Equatorial and southern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ventralis, Electrona Becker [V. E.] 1963:26, Fig. 5 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 4155] South Atlanitc, 42°20'S, 39°07'W, depth 364-426 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36804. Paratypes: (1) not at ZIN. •Valid as Metelectrona ventralis (Becker 1963) -- (Hulley 1986:312 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:266 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:166 [ref. 21685], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Duhamel et al. 2005:214 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:525 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:271 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:669 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Metelectrona ventralis (Becker 1963). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

veranyi, Scopelus Moreau [É.] 1888:108 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 12; ref. 17793] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Symbolophorus veranyi (Moreau 1888) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:197 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:17 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:480 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:232 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:111 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:464 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:51 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:50 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:951 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Gago & Ricord 2005:144 [ref. 28096], Fricke et al. 2007:61 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:26 [ref. 36649], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 286 [ref. 36199], Hulley 2016:1927 [ref. 34576], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Symbolophorus veranyi (Moreau 1888). Myctophidae: Myctophinae. Distribution: North and central Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

vitiazi, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:36 [34], Fig. 26 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 6°15'S, 153°44'E, depth 8000-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36104. Paratypes: (10) not at ZSIP. On p. 34 of English translation. •Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

warmingii, Scopelus (Nyctophus) Lütken [C. F.] 1892:(237) 259 [39], Fig. 19 [Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences et des Lettres de Danemark, Copenhague (Sér. 6) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 2858] Southwest of Azores, northeastern Atlantic, 32°06'N, 39°28'W. Holotype (unique): ZMUC 39. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:42 [ref. 9588]. On p. 39 of separate. •Valid as Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken 1892) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:175 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:103, 337 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:187 [ref. 14275], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:438 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:69 [ref. 6441] as warmingi, Hulley 1986:287 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:209 [ref. 25518], Badcock & Araújo 1988:16 [ref. 21455], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:116 [ref. 24556] as warmingi, McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674] as warmingi, Hulley 1990:405 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:147 [ref. 21685], Shinohara et al. 1994:71 [ref. 22800], Shinohara et al. 1996:164 [ref. 26605], Santos et al. 1997:44 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:628 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:387 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:173 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:387 [ref. 26001], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], see Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:512 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:273 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33547], Robertson & Clements 2015:638 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1885 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken 1892). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, except not in southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

watasei, Diaphus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:580, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Off Atami, Sagami Sea, Japan, depth 153 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51443. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8393 (4, missing). •Valid as Diaphus watasei Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:107, 339 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:187, 352 [ref. 8057], Hulley 1986:296 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:850 [ref. 20119], Gomon et al. 1994:278 [ref. 22532], Kao & Shao 1996:5 [ref. 24963], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:212 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:518 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:277 [ref. 30633], Shinohara et al. 2014:239 [ref. 33330], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus watasei Jordan & Starks 1904. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar; southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

weberi, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:138, Fig. 10 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Zulu Sea, 7°22'N, 121°16'E [7°23'N, 121°22'E], depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329219. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

whitleyi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:305, Fig. 61 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Verde Island Passage and Batangas Bay, Philippines, 13°42'N, 120°57'15"E, Albatross station D.5268, depth 170 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92318. Paratypes: (2). •Valid as Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

wisneri, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:339, Fig. 3 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] Southwest of Oahu Island, 21°00'N, 158°20'W, Hawaiian Islands, Teritu cruise 71-6-24, depth 50 meters. Holotype: LACM 44253-1. Paratypes: AMS I.34831-001 (1); BMNH 1994.8.19.3 (1); BPBM 36420 (1); LACM 33977-2 (4), 44253-2 (3), 44254-1 (1); SAM 33370 (1); SIO 71-309 (3); USNM 330962 (1). Additional material: NMNZ P31460 (5). •Valid as Diaphus wisneri Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Mundy 2005:220 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus wisneri Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Kermadec Islands to Hawaiian Islands, east to western Mexico, Peru and Chile. Habitat: marine.

wisneri, Nannobrachium Zahuranec [B. J.] 2000:42, Fig. 22 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 607; ref. 24618] South Atlantic, 35°50'S, 2°16'W, depth 600-650 meters. Holotype: MCZ 55478 [ex RHB 2229]. Paratypes: LACM 11-259 (7), 11-273 (6); MCZ 158013 not 55478 (2); SIO 58-256 (1), 61-46 (31), 63-542 (2), 63-544 (2), 69-321 (22); USNM 209390 (139), 209395 (31), 209400 (21); WHOI 13-41 (4). •Valid as Nannobrachium wisneri Zahuranec 2000 -- (Hulley 2016:1921 [ref. 34576]). •Valid as Lampanyctus wisneri (Zahuranec 2000). Current status: Valid as Lampanyctus wisneri (Zahuranec 2000). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

yaquinae, Dorsadena Coleman [L. R.] & Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1972:2, Figs. 1-4 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 225; ref. 883] North Pacific, between 45°05'N, 138°33'W and 44°44'N, 138°32'W, depth 0-2700 meters, wire out 8000 meters, bottom depth about 4207 meters. Holotype: LACM 30481-1. Paratypes: MCZ 46681 (1), OSUO (2), USNM 204869 (1). •Valid as Lampadena yaquinae (Coleman & Nafpaktitis 1972) -- (Paxton 1979:12 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:68 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Savinykh & Balanov 1999:423 [ref. 24871], Nakabo 2000:386 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:386 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Lampadena yaquinae (Coleman & Nafpaktitis 1972). Myctophidae: Lampanyctinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.