Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Osteoglossidae: [ 16 ] records


arowana, Osteoglossum Jardine [W.] in Schomburgk 1841:205, Pl. 12 [The Natural history of fishes of Guiana; ref. 18707] Río Rupununi, Essequibo River, Rio Branco, Rio Negro, South America. No types known. •Synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829) -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829). Osteoglossidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aureus, Scleropages Pouyaud [L.], Sudarto [no initials] & Teugels [G. G.] 2003:298, Figs. 10, 11A-B [Cybium v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 27527] Pekanbaru market, wild specimen from Siak River, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 11906. Paratypes: MZB 11907-11 (5) •Valid as Scleropages aureus Pouyaud, Sudarto & Teugels 2003. •See Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:145 [ref. 28284]. •Synonym of Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840) -- (Roberts 2012:114 [ref. 31952], Kottelat 2013:30 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840). Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Indonesia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

bicirrhosum, Ischnosoma Cuvier [G.] 1829:328 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9632. Appeared as, "On en connait une espèce assez grande du Brésil (Osteoglossum Vandellii, n., ou Ischnosoma bicirrhosum, Spix, xxv)." See Opinion 1621 in which this species was established as the senior objective synonym of Osteoglossum vandellii Cuvier and established as the type species of the Osteoglossum. •Valid as Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829) -- (Planquette et al. 1996:48 [ref. 22818], Fuller et al. 1999:30 [ref. 25838], Chen 2002:291 [ref. 26587] with authors as Vandelli, Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27061], Leal & Brito 2007:1 [ref. 29313], Barriga S. 2012:104 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829). Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Rupununi and Oyapock rivers, Amazon River basin: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Franch Guiana and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

bicirrhosum, Osteoglossum Spix [J. B. von] & Agassiz [L.] 1829:47, Pl. 25 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Amazon River. Regarded as described independently of Cuvier 1829 of which it is an objective synonym. See Opinion 1621. •Valid (with author as Vandelli) -- (authors, but we date to Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829). Osteoglossidae. Habitat: freshwater.

condaminei, Vastres Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:464 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing. Osteoglossidae.

ferreirai, Osteoglossum Kanazawa [R. H.] 1966:166, Fig. 3 [Ichthyologica, the Aquarium Journal v. 37 (no. 4); ref. 9039] Lago de Limao on lower Rio Branco, tributary of Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: USNM 198197. Paratypes: AMNH 27679 [ex USNM 198077] (5); BMNH 1966.6.30.19-22 [ex USNM 198077] (4); USNM 198077 (now 284), 198198 (5), 231715 (17). •Valid as Osteoglossum ferreirai Kanazawa 1966 -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Osteoglossum ferreirai Kanazawa 1966. Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Negro River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

formosum, Osteoglossum Müller [S.] & Schlegel [H.] 1840:7, Pl. 1 [Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen / door de Leden der Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië en andere schrijvers; uitgegeven ... door C. J. Temminck No. 2; ref. 19739] Lake Mahoeroenge, a small lake connected by a narrrow canal to the river Pekoempai, Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH.PISC 3386a. Paralectotypes: RMNH. PISC, D.1646 (2), 3386b (1), SK.366 (1); BMNH 1846.2.16.34 (1). Authorship sometimes seen as Schlegel & Müller in Müller & Schlegel. Neotype designated by Pouyaud (MZB 11877) not needed, as types were reported by van Oijen and van der Meij 2013. Date changed to 1840 (July 2013). Lectotype selected by van Oijen and van der Meij 2013:370 [ref. 32950]. •Valid as Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:23 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:34 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:3 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:228 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:55 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:352 [ref. 24159], Allen et al. 2002:57 [ref. 25930], Chen 2002:290 [ref. 26587], Pouyaud et al. 2003:294 [ref. 27527], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:145 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:178 [ref. 28285], Roberts 2012:114 [ref. 31952], van Oijen & van der Meij 2013:361 [ref. 32950], Kottelat 2013:30 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840). Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

guntheri, Osteoglossum Castelnau [F. L.] 1876:131 [Journal de Zoologie v. 5; ref. 760] Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9210. •Synonym of Scleropages leichardti Günther 1864 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:103 [ref. 12442] as leichhardti, Allen et al. 2006:218 [ref. 29004] as leichhardti). •Possibly valid as Scleropages guntheri (Castelnau 1876) -- (Pusey et al. 2016:75 et seq. [ref. 34798]). Current status: Synonym of Scleropages leichardti Günther 1864. Osteoglossidae. Habitat: freshwater.

inscriptus, Scleropages Roberts [T. R.] 2012:115, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 2); ref. 31952] Supposedly from Tananthayi district, Tananthayi River basin, obtained dead from aquarium fish vendor at Meik. Holotype: THNHM-F-01521. Paratypes: THNHM-F-01522 (1). •Valid as Scleropages inscriptus Roberts 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Scleropages inscriptus Roberts 2012. Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

jardinii, Osteoglossum Saville-Kent [W.] 1892:105 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 14535] Batavia and Gregory rivers, Cape York, Gulf of Carpenteria, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.4.1.33-34 (2), QM (1, not found in 1997). •Possibly a synonym of Scleropages leichardti (Günther 1864) -- (Pusey et al. 2016:75 et seq. [ref. 34798]). •Valid as Scleropages jardinii (Saville-Kent 1892) -- (Roberts 1978:30 [ref. 8886] as jardini, Paxton et al. 1989:103 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:3 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:37 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:3 [ref. 23448], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:25 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Chen 2002:291 [ref. 26587] as jardini, Pouyaud et al. 2003:293 [ref. 27527], Allen et al. 2006:218 [ref. 29004], Allen et al. 2008:30 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:15 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Scleropages jardinii (Saville-Kent 1892). Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

jussiei, Vastres Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:464 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Not available, name mentioned in passing. Osteoglossidae.

legendrei, Scleropages Pouyaud [L.], Sudarto [no initials] & Teugels [G. G.] 2003:300, Fig. 12, 13 A-C [Cybium v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 27527] Semitau, area of Sentarum Lake, West Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 11912. Paratypes: MZB 11913 (1), 11914-15 (2), 11916-17 (2). •Valid as Scleropages legendrei Pouyaud, Sudarto & Teugels 2003 -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:178 [ref. 28285]). •See Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:145 [ref. 28284]. •Synonym of Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840) -- (Roberts 2012:114 [ref. 31952], Kottelat 2013:30 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840). Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Small forested lakes bordering Sentarum Lake in upper part of Kapuas River, West Borneo, Indonesia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

leichardti, Scleropages Günther [A.] 1864:196 [2], Pl. 7 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 14 (no. 81) (art. 21); ref. 1978] Fitzroy River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1846.8.27.4. On p. 2 of separate. See Berra 1989 [ref. 13530] for spelling of specific name (Leichhardt), but the spelling above is used in text and on plate and probably should be used. See Pusey et al. 2016:75 et seq. for locality correction. •Valid as Scleropages leichardti Günther 1864 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:103 [ref. 12442], Kottelat et al. 1993:3 [ref. 23448], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:58 [ref. 25930], Pouyaud et al. 2003:293 [ref. 27527], Allen et al. 2006:218 [ref. 29004] as leichhardti, Roberts 2012:114 [ref. 31952], Pusey et al. 2016:75 et seq. [ref. 34798]). •Possibly the same as Scleropages jardinii (Saville-Kent 1892) -- (Pusey st al. 2016:75 [ref. 34798]). Current status: Valid as Scleropages leichardti Günther 1864. Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Scleropages Pouyaud [L.], Sudarto [no initials] & Teugels [G. G.] 2003:296, Figs. 8, 9A-B [Cybium v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 27527] Nango Pinoh market, wild specimen from Melawi River, West Kalimantan [Borneo], Indonesia. Holotype: MCZ 11989. Paratypes: MZB 11899 (1), 11900-02 (3), 11903-05 (3). •Valid as Scleropages macrocephalus Pouyaud, Sudarto & Teugels 2003 -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:178 [ref. 28285]). •See Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:145 [ref. 28284]. •Synonym of Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840) -- (Roberts 2012:115 [ref. 31952], Kottelat 2013:30 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel 1840). Osteoglossidae. Distribution: Barito River and West Borneo [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

minus, Osteoglossum Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:294 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] No types known. •In the synonymy of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829) -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829). Osteoglossidae.

vandellii, Osteoglossum Cuvier [G.] 1829:328 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Tributary of Amazon River, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9632 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:271 [ref. 293]. This name is ruled to be a junior objective synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum Cuvier 1829 in Opinion 1621; name placed on the Official List. •Objective synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829); see Opinion 1621 -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier 1829). Osteoglossidae. Habitat: freshwater.