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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Polyprionidae: [ 27 ] records


adottus, Sparus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:50 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:25 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26753], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

americanus, Amphiprion Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:205 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] America. No types known. Account refers to plate 47, apparently in error. •Valid as Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Tortonese 1973:361 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:788 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:509 [ref. 5660], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:192 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:130 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:360 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:173 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:138 [ref. 14674], Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:154 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:79 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:80 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:199 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:103 [ref. 25640], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:92 [ref. 25942], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:390 [ref. 26158], Sedberry 2003:1297 [ref. 27055], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Barreiros et al. 2004:1439 [ref. 27641], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:156 [ref. 28072], Paxton et al. 2006:978 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:79 [ref. 29533], Roberts & Gomon 2008:534 [ref. 30641], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:41 [ref. 36649], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:171 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Goren & Galil 2015:519 [ref. 33910], Roberts 2015:1176 [ref. 34193], Bañón et al. 2016:321 [ref. 34397], Roberts in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2355 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Martins & Carneiro 2018:122 [ref. 36550], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Valid as Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal, including Mediterranean Sea; not recorded from Pacific coast of South America or in the North Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

australe, Amphiprion Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:no page number, Pl. 47 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Apparently not available, Pl. 47 is erroneously labeled Amphiprion australe (not a new name in Bloch & Schneider 1801) and not Amphiprion americanus as listed on p. 205. •In the synonymy of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Tortonese 1973:361 [ref. 7192], Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae.

bicolorata, Scorpaena Nardo [G. D.] 1827:29, 37 (no. 75) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 479 and 485 [ref. 19740]. Apparently a new name for Scorpena [sic] nigra Nardo 1824. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

californicus, Stereolepis Gill [T. N.] 1863:330 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 17578] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) ANSP 32753 (1, mounted skin). •Unneeded replacement name for (not preoccupied), and synonym of Stereolepis gigas Ayres 1859 -- (Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Stereolepis gigas Ayres 1859. Polyprionidae. Habitat: marine.

cernium, Polyprion Valenciennes [A.] 1824:268, Pl. 17 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 11; ref. 4499] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7541 (1) Naples, A-7715 (1, dry) Cape of Good Hope. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:79 [ref. 12478]. Also appeared as new in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:21, Pl. 42 [ref. 4879]. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Tortonese 1973:361 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:788 [ref. 13676], Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:41 [ref. 36649], Roberts in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2355 [ref. 34618], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cernuum, Polyprion Gray [J. E.] & Richardson [J.] in Richardson 1843:206 [List of fish hitherto detected on the coasts of New Zealand v. 2 (Chapter 4); ref. 1885] Unneeded new spelling for Polyprion cernium Valenciennes 1824. •In the synonymy of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

couchii, Serranus Yarrell [W.] 1835:12, Fig. [A history of British fishes; ref. 4812] Coast of Cornwall, Great Britain. No types known. Species is based on an illustration in Couch 1822:81 [ref. 18046]. Polyprionidae.

doederleini, Stereolepis Lindberg [G. U.] & Krasyukova [Z. V.] 1969:69, Fig. 130 [Opredeliteli Faune SSSR No. 99; ref. 7826] Japanese Sea. Holotype (unique): ZIN 22506. •Valid as Stereolepis doederleini Lindberg & Krasyukova 1969 -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:124 [ref. 6441], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:684 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:320 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:684 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:307, 589 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2011:48 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:259 [ref. 33330], Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Valid as Stereolepis doederleini Lindberg & Krasyukova 1969. Polyprionidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan endemic. Habitat: marine.

fernandeziana, Perca Guichenot [A.] 1848:369 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Juan Fernández Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: marine.

fernandeziana, Perca Jordan [D. S.] & Eigenmann [C. H.] 1890:343 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 8 (art. 9) (for 1888); ref. 2440] Not available, name in footnote under Polyprion prognathus (Forster 1801). Polyprionidae.

furia, Scorpaena Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 121 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy of Polyprion cernium Valenciennes 1824. •In the synonymy of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae.

gadoides, Sciaena Parkinson [S.] in Günther 1887:236 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 20 (no. 117) (art. 26); ref. 20266] Not available, name on Parkinson figure mentioned in passing. •In the synonymy of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae.

gadoides, Sciaena Richardson [J.] & Gray [J. E.] (ex Solander) 1843:206 [List of fish hitherto detected on the coasts of New Zealand v. 2 (Chapter 4); ref. 1885] Not available; Solander name mentioned in synonymy of Polyprion cerneum Valenciennes 1824; from New Zealand. Polyprionidae.

gigas, Centropristis Owen [R.] 1853:51 [Descriptive catalogue of the osteological series; ref. 4988] New Zealand. Also in Günther 1859:251 [ref. 1961]. •Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneion (Schneider & Forster 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Stereolepis Ayres [W. O.] 1859:28, Fig. 6 (p. 55) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2 (1858-1862); ref. 155] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) ANSP 32753 (1, mounted skin). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621]. Any types at CAS would have been lost in 1906. •Valid as Stereolepis gigas Ayres 1859 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:196 [ref. 9277], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:124 [ref. 6441], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1292 [ref. 22830], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24670], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Nakabo 2000:684 [ref. 25086], Thomson et al. 2000:104 [ref. 25640], Nakabo 2002:684 [ref. 26001], Parin 2003:S2 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:259 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:352 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:220 [ref. 35888], Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Valid as Stereolepis gigas Ayres 1859. Polyprionidae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gulo, Holocentrus Risso [A.] 1827:367 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ?MCZ 21922 (1), MNHN B-0870 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:77 [ref. 12478]. New name for Scorpaena massiliensis Risso 1810. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:77 [ref. 12478], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ischinagi, Megaperca Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1878:156 [1] [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1878; ref. 2166] Fish market in Tokyo and Yokohama, Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 10426 (1, dry). On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Stereolepis gigas Ayres 1859 -- (Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Stereolepis gigas Ayres 1859. Polyprionidae. Habitat: marine.

knerii, Polyprion Steindachner [F.] 1875:443 [1] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 71 (1. Abth.); ref. 4222] St. Paul's Island; Juan Fernández Islands. Syntypes: MCZ 10231 (1), 25133 (1). On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Dyer & Westneat 2010:604 [ref. 31446], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: marine.

massiliense, Polyprion Costa [O. G.] 1829:Polyprion p. 1, Pl. 1 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Perhaps not intended as a new name, but as a new combination for Cottus massiliensis Gmelin. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

massiliensis, Scorpaena Risso [A.] 1810:184 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN B-0870 (1 or 2). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:377 [ref. 21554]. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

moeone, Polyprion Phillipps [W. J.] 1927:126 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 58 (pts 1-2); ref. 15816] Kaikoura, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): CMC. New name for a specimen of Polyprion described and figured by Waite 1913:215, Pls. 5-6 [ref. 21808] as Polyprion americanus. •Valid as Polyprion moeone Phillipps 1927 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:514 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Sedberry 2003:1297 [ref. 27055], Paxton et al. 2006:978 [ref. 28994], Roberts in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2355 [ref. 34618], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nigra, Scorpena Nardo [G. D.] 1824:230 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) v. 7; ref. 3144] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Correct spelling for original genus is Scorpaena. Named Scorpaena bicolorata in Nardo 1827:29 [ref. 3146]. Nardo's description and name also appeared in Ninni 1939 [ref. 26340] under account of Polyprion americanus. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oxygeneios, Epinephelus Schneider [J. G.] & Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:301 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Queen Charlotte Island, New Zealand. No types known. Name attributable to Schneider and Forster, description taken from Forster manuscript (reproduced in Lichtenstein 1844:309-310 [ref. 17531] as "Perca prognathus"). •Valid as Hectoria oxygeneios (Schneider and Forster 1801) -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider and Forster 1801) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:194 [ref. 14235], Paxton et al. 1989:514 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:173 [ref. 24556], Roberts in Amaoka et al. 1990:250 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:143 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:551 [ref. 22532], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:31 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Barreiros et al. 2004:1439 [ref. 27641], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:156 [ref. 28072], Paxton et al. 2006:978 [ref. 28994], Roberts & Gomon 2008:535 [ref. 30641] with author as Forster, Dyer & Westneat 2010:604 [ref. 31446] with author as Schneider & Forster, Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1177 [ref. 34193], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Valid as Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801). Polyprionidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

prognatha, Perca Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:301 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in account of Epinephelus oxygeneios. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Subsequent publication in an available way not researched. •Listed as valid as Polyprion prognathus (Forster 1801) -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125]). •In the synonymy of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Dyer & Westneat 2010:604 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801). Polyprionidae.

scirenga, Notognidion Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:46 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:19 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2019:51 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Habitat: marine.

yanezi, Polyprion de Buen [F.] 1959:85, Fig. 13 [Revista de Biologia Marina, Valparaiso v. 9 (nos 1-3); ref. 696] 1.5 miles west of Montemar, Chile. Holotype: EBMC 51. Paratypes: EBMC 52 (1). Originally as yañezi. •Valid as Polyprion yanezi de Buen 1959 -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Synonym of Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster 1801). Polyprionidae. Distribution: Chile [if valid]. Habitat: marine.