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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Salmonidae: [ 912 ] records


abanticus, Salmo trutta Tortonese [E.] 1954:19, Pl. 1 (fig. 3); Figs. 2, 3a-b [Publications Institute Hydrobiology University of Istanbul (Sér. B) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 12668] Lake Abant, northern Anatolia, Asiatic Turkey. Holotype (unique): MSNM 1 [ex MSNM 5031]. •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:55 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Salmo abanticus Tortonese 1954 -- (Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kalyci et al. 2018:803 [ref. 36785]). Current status: Valid as Salmo abanticus Tortonese 1954. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Abant Gölü, Bolu Province, northwestern Anatolia; introduced in Black Sea watersheds. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

abyssicola, Coregonus Snyder [J. O.] 1919:8, Fig. (p. 8) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 36 (Doc. 864) (for 1917-18); ref. 12338] Bear Lake near Fish Haven, Idaho, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 83500. Paratypes: CAS-SU 31754 (6), 41805 (1), 41809-26 (18); USNM 143473-74 (6, 17). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Prosopium abyssicola (Snyder 1919) -- (Lee et al. 1980:97 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:46 [ref. 18983], Sigler & Sigler 1996:191 [ref. 25943], Broughton 2000:649 [ref. 24593], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:392 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prosopium abyssicola (Snyder 1919). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Bear Lake, Utah/Idaho, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

acronius, Coregonus Rapp [W. L. von] 1854:158 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 3608] Langenargen and Ueberlingen, Lake Constance [Bodensee], Europe. Syntypes: ZMB 3768 (2). •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian Gmelin 1789 -- (Lelek 1987:91 [ref. 22962]). •Synonym of Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818) -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952]). •See Freyhof 2005:180 [ref. 28437]. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

acutirostris, Coregonus wartmanni Fatio [V.] 1885:660, Pl. 22 I.A.1 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Constance, Switzerland. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784) -- (Kottelat 1997:113 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

adirondakus, Salmo Norris [T.] 1864:255, Fig. [The American angler's book, 1st edition; ref. 18479] Adirondack Lakes, New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also appeared as new in Norris 1865, 2nd edition, p. 255, fig. [ref. 31824] but spelled adirondacus. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (Smith 1986:238 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:257 [ref. 23389]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

adonis, Oncorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Hubbs 1925:127, Pls. 5 (fig. 2), 8 (fig. 4) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Lake Hakone, Sagami, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 58680 [ex CM 7784]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:52 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:62 [ref. 12367]. •See also Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:194 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:302 [ref. 6363], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:31 [ref. 23574], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adriatica, Trutta Kolombatović [G.] 1890:166 [4] [Glasnik Hrvatskoga Naravoslovnoga Društva v. 5; ref. 20232] Vranjic, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 4 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aeliani, Thymalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:447 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Lake Major, Italy. Syntypes: MNHN (3). Original genus should have been Thymallus. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Thymallus aeliani Valenciennes 1848 -- (Bianco 2013:6 [ref. 32897], Dyldin et al. 2017:107 [ref. 35967], Persat et al. 2019:233 [ref. 37049], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus aeliani Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Northern Adriatic basin (Italy and Slovenia). Habitat: freshwater.

aestivalis, Salmo ischchan var. Fortunatov [D.] 1926:243 [Izvestiya Otdela prikladnoi ikhtiologii v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 19992] Lake Sevan, Armenia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:261 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680] as infrasp. aestivalis). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

aestivalis, Salmo letnica Stefanovic [D.] 1948:190, 2 figs. [Posebna izdanja / Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Beograd 139; ref. 23038] Lake Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo ischchan aestivalis Fortunatov 1927; replaced by Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997. •Synonym of Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:420 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

agassizii, Salmo Garman [S.] 1885:20, Figs. 17-18 [Annual Report of the Commissoners of Inland Fisheries, Massachusetts v. 19 (no. 25) (for 1884); ref. 17931] Dublin Pond; Lake Monadnock, Keene; and Center Pond, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 7142 (1), 7147 (4), 25711 (5, now 4); NRM 25064 [ex MCZ 25771] (1). •Valid as Salvelinus agassizii (Garman 1885) -- (Lee et al. 1980:110 [ref. 22416] as agassizi). •Synonym of Salmo fontinalis (Mitchill 1814), but a valid subspecies agassizii Garman 1885 -- (Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus agassizii (Garman 1885). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: New Hampshire, U.S.A. [now extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

aguabonita, Salmo mykiss Jordan [D. S.] 1892:62, Pl. [Biennial Report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California (1891-1892); ref. 12346] "Volcano or Whitney Creek", Cottonwood lakes eastern side of Mt. Whitney, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: CAS-SU 514 (1), USNM 44237 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. Originally as agua bonita. Also appeared in Jordan 1893:481 [ref. 10490]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Behnke 1992:187 [ref. 23385], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Moyle 2002:272 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:30 [ref. 30386]). •Valid as Salmo aquabonita Jordan 1892 -- (Lee et al. 1980:103 [ref. 22416], La Rivers 1994:317 [ref. 23389]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus aguabonita (Jordan 1892) -- (McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:55 [ref. 18983], Baxter & Stone 1995:160 [ref. 23374], Sigler & Sigler 1996:166 [ref. 25943], Fuller et al. 1999:243 [ref. 25838], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:55 [ref. 27816], Minckley & Marsh 2009:92 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:414 [ref. 31215] with 2 subspecies, Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus aguabonita (Jordan 1892). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western U.S.A. (originally California only). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ajakliensis, Coregonus lavaretus pidschian natio Logashev [M. V.] 1940:45 [Trudy Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Polyarnogo Zemledeliya Zhivotnovodstva i Promyslovogo Chosyiistva, Seriya Iromislovoe Chozyaiisgvo v. 11; ref. 18450] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Melkoe. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:405 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

akairos, Salmo Delling [B.] & Doadrio [I.] 2005:58, Figs. 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 28211] Lake Ifni, 31°01'59"N, 7°52'59"W, Morocco. Holotype: MNCN 115022. Paratypes: MNCN 115018-21, 115023-44 (?26, not 27), MNCN 115020 (head, c&s, as NRM 51752). •Valid as Salmo akairos Delling & Doadrio 2005 -- (Doadrio et al. 2015:9 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Valid as Salmo akairos Delling & Doadrio 2005. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ifni, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

alascanus, Argyrosomus Scofield [N. B.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2817 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Point Hope, Alaska, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 5611. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 21194 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. Also appeared as new in Scofield 1899:495, Pl. 42 [ref. 20627] where lectotype from Point Hope was established based on "type" accompanying Pl. 42. •Synonym of Coregonus laurettae Bean 1881 -- (McPhail 1966:146 [ref. 24572], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:256 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:184 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus laurettae Bean 1881. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alba, Salmo faria var. Meidinger [C. von] 1785-94:iv, Pl. 46 [Icones piscium Austriae indigenorum, quos collegit vivisque coloribus espresos edidit C. Baro de Meidinger.; ref. 17632] Austria. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo albus Bonnaterre 1788. •Tentatively in the synonymy of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albellus, Coregonus exigmas Fatio [V.] 1890:179 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lake Thun, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 816.22. Lectotype branchial arch probably MHNG 676.01. Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Coregonus albellus Fatio 1890 -- (Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:356 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus albellus Fatio 1890. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

albula, Olmerus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:447 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 3 (no. 6) (art. 6) (Oct.); ref. 3587] Not available, name only; perhaps intended as Osmerus; family uncertain. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

albula, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:310 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:27 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:317 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:374 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:75 [ref. 22962], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Anwand et al. 1997:3 [ref. 23481], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:41 [ref. 23570], Fricke 1999:27 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:240 [ref. 25838], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Sideleva 2001:47 [ref. 26181], Schulz & Freyhof 2003:209 [ref. 27387], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815], Hanel 2003:59 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:133 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:386 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:000 [ref. 31199], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Parin et al. 2014:118 [ref. 33547], Romanov et al. 2017:823 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Europe and western Asia (including Baltic Sea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Coregonus Lesueur [C. A.] 1818:232 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2735] Lake Erie, North America. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:277 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:161 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Rivers and seas of Great Britain. No types known. Based on the 'Gwiniad' of Pennant 1769:267, Pl. 16 [ref. 18527]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). •See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574]. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:76 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Rivers and seas of Great Britain; Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Based in part on the 'Gwiniad' of Pennant 1769:267, Pl. 16 [ref. 18527], and on Pennant 1785:Suppl. 140 [ref. 18530]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo albus Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salmo salvelinus var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:338 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] No types known. Not available, name only; from Leytha, Fischa, Traisen (Danube system), Austria. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salvelinus Glubokovsky [M. K.] 1977:49, Figs. 1-3 [Biologiya Morya (Vladivostok) v. 1977 (no. 4); ref. 7252] Kamchatka River, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 45451. Paratypes: ZIN 45452-53 (4, 5). Apparently appeared as name only in Glubokovsky 1976. •Valid as Salvelinus albus Glubokovsky 1977 -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:94 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:162 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:138 [ref. 33547], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus albus Glubokovsky 1977. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alchutovi, Thymallus arcticus arcticus natio Johansen [B. G.] 1945:6 [Tomskoe Otdelenie Moskovskago Obscestva Ispytatelej Priody. Tomsk No. 6; ref. 19603] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Teletskoye Lake, Siberia, Russia. •In the synonymy of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Kottelat 2006:23 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:109 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae.

alipes, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1835:57 [Narrative of a second voyage in search of a northwest passage; ref. 18625] Lakes in Regent's Inlet, Boothia Peninsula, Northwest Territories, Canada. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alleganiensis, Salmo Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:176 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 7309] Alleghany and Monongahela rivers, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Rafinesque 1820:44 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alpenae, Leucichthys Koelz [W.] 1924:1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 146; ref. 15453] Great Lakes; Lake Michigan off Isle aux Galets. Holotype: ?USNM 87352. Paratypes: ANSP 102940 (1), 10294 (1); FMNH 13939-40 (1, 1); UMMZ (957 spec.). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:52 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909) -- (Lee et al. 1980:91 [ref. 22416]). •Valid as Coregonus alpenae (Koelz 1924) -- (Smith 1986:210 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:234 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:38 [ref. 26594]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus alpenae (Koelz 1924). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Eastern North America. Habitat: freshwater.

alpestris, Salmo clarkii Dymond [J. R.] 1931:394 [Contributions to Canadian Biology and Fisheries (n. s.) v. 6 (no. 16); ref. 16269] Canyon creek near Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype: ROM 6610. Paratypes: (5) UMMZ 95450 (1). On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) subspecies lewisi (Girard 1856) -- (Behnke 1992:79 [ref. 23385] as clarki). •Synonym of Salmo clarkii Richardson 1837, subspecies lewisi Girard 1856 -- (Girard 1856). •Synonym of Salmo clarkii Richardson 1837 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:183 [ref. 24570] as clarki). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

alpinostagnalis, Salmo Smitt [F. A.] 1886:111 et seq., 163, Pl. 3 (figs. 41-46) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 18730] Godthaab and Godhavn, Greenland. Syntypes: NRM 12947-49 (4, 4, 4). Originally as alpino-stagnalis. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alpinus, Coregonus schinzii Fatio [V.] 1885:664, Pl. 22 II.B.4 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Thun, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 717.45. Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]; Kottelat also serves as first reviser selecting alpinus over Coregonus balleus Fatio 1885. •Valid as Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:181 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:357 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Thun, Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

alpinus, Coregonus wartmanni Fatio [V.] 1890:140 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lake Thun, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 809.59 (branchial arch probably MHNG 675.96). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus schinzii alpinus Fatio 1885, replaced by Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

alpinus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "Lapponiae, Angliae alpibus, folus." No types known. See Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320] for nomenclatural issues resulting in umbla Linnaeus taking precedence over alpinus Linnaeus for central and northern European charrs; alpinus is in prevailing usage and therefore retained. •Valid as Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:267 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:111 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:383 [ref. 13675], Robins & Ray 1986:77 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:122 [ref. 22962], Scott & Scott 1988:137 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:53 [ref. 22530], Page & Burr 1991:49 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], López et al. 1996:16 [ref. 23681], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:201 [ref. 24570], Alexeev & Pichugin 1998:328 [ref. 24677], Fuller et al. 1999:260 [ref. 25838], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:94 [ref. 26736], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:199 [ref. 25968], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:159 [ref. 28183], Duhamel et al. 2005:114 [ref. 32059], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:433 [ref. 29996], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Møller et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31169], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215] with 3 subspecies, Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831] as S. alpinus alpinus, Afonso et al. 2016:23, 270 [ref. 36199], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Ćaleta et al. 2019:180 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin: circumpolar; North America and northern Europe; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

altaica, Phylogephyra Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:330, Fig. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 1 (no. 4) (art. 54); ref. 544] South side of Altai Mountains, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1898.2.17.1 (originally preserved dry). •Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879 -- (Berg 1948:423 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:49 [ref. 23573], Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

altaicus, Thymallus brevirostris Dashdorj [A.], Dulmaa [A.] & Tsendayush [A.] 1968:445 [Proceedings of the Mongolian Academy of Science, Environmental Science v. 4; ref. 28832] Lakes Khoton and Khorgon, Mongolia. Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831] regards this as a junior secondary homonym of Phylogephyra altaica Boulenger 1898; not investigated if altaicus was proposed independently of Boulenger. •Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879 -- (Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

altior, Coregonus pollan Regan [C. T.] 1908:486 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14354] Lough Erne, Fermanagh, Ireland. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1906.5.14.4 (1), 1907.3.27.1-2 (2), 1907.4.30.1 (1), 1907.5.30.7-8 (2), 1908.7.8.6-10 (5); Ulster Mus. Belfast, U.K. (1). •Synonym of Coregonus pollan Thompson 1835 -- (Kottelat 1997:121 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pollan Thompson 1835. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

alvordensis, Salmo clarkii Sigler [W. F.] & Sigler [J. W.] 1987:357 [Fishes of the Great Basin: a natural history; ref. 23386] Appeared as "Alvord cutthroat trout S. c. alvordensis (undescribed)". The subspecies should date to Sigler & Sigler in our opinion. From Humboldt Co., Nevada, U.S.A. Behnke 1992:126 [ref. 23385] wrongly regarded it a nomen nudum, but states, "... and is an appropriatae name for this subspecies. Behnke 2002 gave himself credit for describing this subspecies, but we do not agree with this. •A valid, unnamed subspecies, but probably extinct as a pure form -- (Behnke 1992:126 [ref. 23385]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies alvordensis Sigler & Sigler 1987 -- (Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:409 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Oregon and northern Nevada, U.S.A., now extinct [subspecies alvordensis]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

americanus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:410 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] America. Family placement may be incorrect. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

americanus, Salmo salar Payne [R. H.], Child [A. R.] & Forrest [A.] 1971:251 [Nature (London) v. 231 (no. 5300); ref. 863] North America. Unneeded new subspecific name for stocks of Atlantic salmon spawning in North American rivers; correct subspecific name should be the first species or subspecies of the Atlantic salmon based on a North American specimen. •Mention -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574]). •Also preoccupied by Salmo americanus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Current status: Synonym of Salmo. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

amethystus, Salmo Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:410 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 17775] Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (Smith 1986:238 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:257 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:227 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ammerensis, Coregonus lavaretus wartmanni natio Berg [L. S.] 1933:124 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Ammersee, Germany. •In the synonymy of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783) -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

amnipetens, Coregonus Freidenfelt [T.] 1928:92, Fig. 2 [Ny svensk fiskeritidskrift, Svenska Fiskare Foerbundet v. 37 (no. 10); ref. 23032] Southwestern Lake Vänern, Västra Götaland County, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

amurensis, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha gorbuscha natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1932:53 et seq., Pls. 1-3 [Bulletin Institute Fresh Water Fish Leningrad v. 14; ref. 16395] Amur River basin, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN (none found in 1996). Described as a natio;can be regarded as infrasubspecific and not available. •In the synonymy of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:182 [ref. 12882], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

anaktuvukensis, Salvelinus Morrow [J. E., Jr.] 1973:1, Fig. 1 [Biological Papers of the University of Alaska No. 13; ref. 7576] Ikiakpuk Creek, a tributary of John River, 68°01'30"N, 152°20'56"W, Brooks Range, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 210965. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.9.21.1-2 (2); CAS 29245 (2); MCZ 49109 (2); UAM 624 (10), 625 (12), 636 (6); UMMZ 194244 (2); USNM 153920 (4), 210966 (2). •Valid as Salvelinus anaktuvukensis Morrow 1973 -- (Lee et al. 1980:112 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:50 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659] as anaktavukensis). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792), subspecies malma -- (Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Brooks Range, Alaska [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

anarensis, Coregonus holsatus forma Järvi [T. H.] 1928:29, Pl. 4 (figs. 21-23) [Acta Zoologica Fennica v. 5; ref. 19622] Lake Inari at Palttoniemi, lakes Tiais and Tshuolis, Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anaulorum, Coregonus Chereshnev [I. A.] 1996:602 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 36 (no. 5); ref. 24659] No types known. Based on Coregonus lavaretus pidschian natio anaulorum Kaganowsky 1933 (not available). See Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:136 [ref. 28183]. Appeared as name only in Chereshnev 1990:838 [ref. 34025]; available from Chereshnev 1996 as above. •Valid as Coregonus anaulorum Chereshnev 1996 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:136 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:118 [ref. 33547], Bochkarev et al. 2017:929 [882] [ref. 35729]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus anaulorum Chereshnev 1996. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Anadyr River Basin, eastern Siberia, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

anaulorum, Coregonus lavaretus pidchian natio Kaganowsky [A. G.] 1933:138 [4] [Vestnik Dal'nevostocnogo Filiala Akademii Nauk SSSR = Bulletin of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR 1933 (nos. 1-3); ref. 19615] Not available, infrasubspecific; also no distinguishing features provided; from Anadyr R. and Liman, Russia. Perhaps appeared first in Berg 1932:260 [ref. 278] -- also as a natio. Publication in an available way apparently dates to Chereshnev 1990:838 [ref. 34025] or Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659] -- see Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:136 [ref. 28183]; Parin et al. 2014:118 [ref. 33547]. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:409 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Treated as valid as Coregonus anaulorum Kaganowsky 1925 or 1932 or 1933 -- (Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:59 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27579]). •See Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:136 [ref. 28183]. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus anaulorum Chereshnev 1996. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

andriashevi, Salvelinus Berg [L. S.] 1948:1495 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 59 (no. 8); ref. 13040] Lake Estikhet near Providence Bay, Chukotski Peninsula, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 31107. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574]). •Valid as Salvelinus andriashevi Berg 1948 -- (Berg 1948:294 [ref. 12882], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:96 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:159 [ref. 28183], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus andriashevi Berg 1948. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

angarensis, Thymallus arcticus baicalensis morpha Dorogostaisky [V.] 1923:77 [Trudy Irkutskogo Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei v. 1; ref. 17411] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Angara, Lake Baikal, Russia. •In the synonymy of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:425 [ref. 12882]). •In the synonymy of Thymallus baicalensis Dybowski 1874 -- (Kottelat 2006:24 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:110 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus baicalensis Dybowski 1874. Salmonidae: Thymallinae.

angermanensis, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] 1933:127 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Ångermanelfven, Sweden. Syntypes: NRM. Replacement name for Coregonus microcephalus Smitt 1883, preoccupied by Coregonus microcephalus Parnell 1838. •Status unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

annectus, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:661, Pl. 22 I.C [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lakes Hallwyl and Baldegg, Switzerland. No types known. See Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952] for discussion of name use. •Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 after first reviser action -- (Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

annensis, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:319 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lake Anne, Marquette County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96960. Paratypes: MCZ 32689 [ex UMMZ] (1), UMMZ (not researched). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

apache, Salmo Miller [R. R.] 1972:403, Figs. 2-3 [Copeia 1972 (no. 3); ref. 7631] East fork of White River, Apache County, Arizona, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 162769. Paratypes: ASU 5557 (35); CAS 27174 (13); UMMZ 121654 (3 or 4), 157653 (6), 162770 (32, 1 c&s), 189634 (23, 1 c&s), 189638 (20), 190814 (12); USNM 15999 (3). Other material: ASU (1 lot), CAS (6 lots), CAS-SU (1 lot), UMMZ (5 lots). •Valid as Salmo apache Miller 1972 -- (Lee et al. 1980:104 [ref. 22416], Rinne & Minckley 1985:285 [ref. 22488]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus gilae (Miller 1950), but a valid subspecies -- (Behnke 1992:217 [ref. 23385], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus apache (Miller 1972) -- (Rinne 1990:189 [ref. 36245], Page & Burr 1991:54 [ref. 18983], Minckley & Marsh 2009:83 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:415 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus apache (Miller 1972). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Arizona, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

aphelios, Salmo Kottelat [M.] 1997:133 [Biologia (Bratislava) v. 52 (suppl. 5); ref. 22952] New name for Salmo letnica aestivalis Stefanovic 1948, preoccupied by Salmo ischchan aestivalis Fortunatov 1927. •Valid as Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:420 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

aquilarum, Salmo Snyder [J. O.] 1917:77, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 35 (for 1915-16); ref. 4156] Eagle Lake, near the mouth of Pine Creek, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 75653. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13515 (1), USNM 75682 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies irideus (Gibbons 1855) -- (Behnke 1992:193 [ref. 23385]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies aquilarum (Snyder 1917) -- (Moyle 2002:272 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:30 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:413 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Eagle Lake, northern California. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arabatsch, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:365 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:301 [ref. 6363] as arabatch). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aralensis, Salmo trutta Berg [L. S.] 1908:317 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 14303] Aral Sea near Amu-Darya River mouth, Kazakhstan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 14418. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:249 [ref. 12882], see Coad 1981:8 [ref. 22348]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arcticus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1776:706 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Sob River tributaries, lower Ob River below 60°20'N. No types known. See remarks on systematics in Kottelat 2006:23-24 [ref. 28831]. Original as "Salmo (Truttac.) arcticus." •Valid as Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:423 [ref. 12882], Lee et al. 1980:120 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:47 [ref. 18983], Baxter & Stone 1995:200 [ref. 23374], Zhu 1995:12 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Sigler & Sigler 1996:218 [ref. 25943], Kim 1997:355 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:300 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:266 [ref. 25838], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Lyons et al. 2000:67 [ref. 26594], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:191 [ref. 25968], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:103 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27882], Antonov 2004:445 [ref. 27927], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:147 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:23 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:50 [ref. 28933], Weiss et al. 2006:511 [ref. 29557], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386], Knizhin et al. 2006:418 [ref. 33991], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:458 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:406 [ref. 31199], Knizhin & Weiss 2009:7 [ref. 30048], Minckley & Marsh 2009:99 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:394 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:129 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477] as arcticus arcticus, Dyldin et al. 2017:108 [ref. 35967], Romanov et al. 2017:825 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin: North America and Siberia, Russia; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

arcturus, Leucichthys harengus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1911:8, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 29 (for 1909); ref. 2452] Knife River, Lake Superior, near Duluth, Minnesota, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

arcturus, Salmo Günther [A.] 1877:294, Pl. 32 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1877 (pt 1) (art. 6) (for 20 Mar. 1877); ref. 14241] Victoria Lake (82°34'N), Floeberg Beach (82°28'N), Arctic America. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1877.2.23.1-3 (3), ?1877.2.23.9-11 (3). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arenicolus, Coregonus Kottelat [M.] 1997:111 [Biologia (Bratislava) v. 52 (suppl. 5); ref. 22952] Lake Constance, Switzerland. Holotype: EAWAG 239. Paratypes: EAWAG 239-B (4). •Valid as Coregonus arenicolus Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:362 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus arenicolus Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Constance: Switzerland, Germany and Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

argentatus, Salmo irideus morpha Bajkov [A. D.] 1927:388 [12], Fig. 4B; Pl. 1 (fig. a) [Contributions to Canadian Biology and Fisheries (n. s.) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 15776] Buffalo Prairie Lake, Caledonia Lake and Athabasca River, Alberta, Canada. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: UMMZ 80841 (1). On p. 12 of separate. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:191 [ref. 24570] as gairdneri). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (current authors). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Fario Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:294, Pl. 616 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Many localities. Syntypes: MNHN. Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to the Atlantic drainage of France, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Salmo Fowler [H. W.] 1974:61 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 27 (nos 1/2); ref. 7180] Not available, name in synonymy on reference to Bonnaterre 1788:160, Pl. 67; from Baltic Sea and lakes of Austria. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

argenteus, Salmo schiefermuelleri Reisinger [J.] 1830:39 [Specimen ichthyologiae sistens pisces aquarium dulcium Hungariae; ref. 18620] Lakes of Hungary. No types known. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784 -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

argentina, Trutta Scott [G. C.] 1869:256, fig. [Fishing in American waters; ref. 32387] Appeared as a caption to a plate; synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) according to Hubbs 1943:258 (ref. 32388) based on text; described as a synonym of Trutta marina Scott 1869 and not available. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

argyreus, Fario Girard [C. F.] 1856:218 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8 (no. 5); ref. 18058] Cape Flattery and Fort Steilacoom, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 579 and 8052 (now 1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:309 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arnoldi, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:64, Fig. 2, Pl. [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (for 1947) (no. 3); ref. 19596] Vygozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:1324 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

artedi, Coregonus Lesueur [C. A.] 1818:231 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2735] Lake Erie and Lewistown, Niagara River, U.S.A. No types known. Sometimes seen as artedii but original spelling is artedi. •Valid as Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:210 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:80 [ref. 14674] as artedii, Page & Burr 1991:41 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659] as artedii, Scott & Crossman 1998:236 [ref. 24570] as artedii, Fuller et al. 1999:241 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:38 [ref. 26594], Etnier & Skelton 2003:745 [ref. 27256], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:350 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:386 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:18, 128 [ref. 36199]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic and Atlantic basins; Canada and northern U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arurensis, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:365 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes Thus and Brienz, Switzerland. •In the synonymy of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

asabatsch, Oncorhynchus nerka infra. Berg [L. S.] 1932:126 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Not available, infrasubspecific; described as an infraspecies; from Russia. •In the synonymy of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:194 [ref. 12882], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

ascanii, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:256 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Lake of Christiandsandvis, Norway. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

asperi, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1890:199 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Unneeded new name for Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. •Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

aspius, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1883:38, 39 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Piteå, Lappmark, Sweden. Syntypes: ?NRM 31997 (6). •Synonym of Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:415 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:41 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

athabascae, Leucichthys Harper [F.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1919:269 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 41 (art. 2); ref. 15213] Lake Athabaska at mouth of Charlot River, northern Saskatchewan, Canada (stomach content). Holotype (unique): NMC 58-164 [ex Victoria Mem. Mus. 1029]. Type catalog: McAllister 1965:7 [ref. 22019]. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:268 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

atikameg, Coregonus Bajkov [A. D.] 1933:29, Fig. [Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, Leipzig v. 29 (nos 1-2); ref. 16471] Churchill, Hudson Bay, Canada. No types known. Described as the freshwater form of Coregonus atikameg, the marine form would be the subspecies Coregonus atikameg atikameg although not treated as such by the author. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:277 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atikamek, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:326 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Whitefish Lake, just south of Manistique Lake, Mackinac County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96963. Paratypes: (7, not researched). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atterensis, Coregonus Kottelat [M.] 1997:114 [Biologia (Bratislava) v. 52 (suppl. 5); ref. 22952] Lake Attersee, Austria. Syntypes: (53) whereabouts unknown. Based on Lechler 1929. Not preoccupied by Coregonus lavaretus fera natio atterensis Berg 1932, infrasubspecific and not available. •Valid as Coregonus atterensis Kottelat 1997 -- (Freyhof 2005:181 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:365 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus atterensis Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

atterensis, Coregonus lavaretus fera natio Berg [L. S.] 1933:129 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Attersee, Austria. •In the synonymy of Coregonus atterensis Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat 1997:114 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus atterensis Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

aureolus, Salvelinus Bean [T. H.] 1887:628 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 10 (no. 671); ref. 16049] Sunapee Lake, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 39334. Paratypes: USNM 37408-09 (1, 1), 38321 (1), 38328 (1), ?268206 (2). •Valid as Salvelinus aureolus Bean 1887 -- (Fuller et al. 1999:261 [ref. 25838]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lee et al. 1980:111 [ref. 22416], Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northeastern U.S.A. (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

aurora, Fario Girard [C. F.] 1856:218 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8 (no. 5); ref. 18058] Astoria, Oregon, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 583 (2, lost), 7097 (not found). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:251 [ref. 23389]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ausonii, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:319, Pl. 618 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Localities in France, Germany, and Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0002 (1), 3647 (1), A-7590 (2), 1953 (2), 3638 to 3643 (8), 3650 and 3651 (2), 3648 (1), 3637 (1), 3652 to 3654 (3), A-8567-68 (1, 1), 3644 to 3646 (3), A-8573 (1), 3649 (1), 3634 (1), A-9702 (1), 3635 and 3636 and 4920 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:303-304 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

austriaca, Coregonus hiemalis var. Vogt [C.] in Vogt & Hofer 1909:330 [Die Süsswasserfische von Mittel-Europa; ref. 18296] Lake Attersee, Austria. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783) -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952]). •See Freyhof 2005:181 [ref. 28437]. •Valid as Coregonus austriacus Vogt 1909 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:365 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus austriacus Vogt 1909. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

autumnalis, Oncorhynchus keta infra. Berg [L. S.] 1932:115 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Originally as an infraspecies. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Russia. •In the synonymy of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) as a valid infraspecies -- (Berg 1948:179 [ref. 12882], see also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

autumnalis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1776:32, 705 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Russia: ascends Pechora and Yenisei rivers; Lake Baikal from which it enters Angara River and Tuba River to Lake Madsharein. No types known. The older Coregonus migratorius Georgi 1775 is considered a synonym by authors, but it is an older name and perhaps should be used. •Valid as Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882], McPhail 1966:141 [ref. 24572], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:78 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:375 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:78 [ref. 22962], McAllister 1990:80 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:42 [ref. 18983], Morales et al. 1993 [ref. 21019], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:42 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:244 [ref. 24570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:59 [ref. 26736], Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:183 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:143 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:85 [ref. 28831], Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:371 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:355 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:386 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:119 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:19, 129 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Eurasia and northwestern North America (Alaska and Canada). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

autumnalis, Salvelinus willughbii forma Frost [W. E.] 1966:260 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B - Biological Sciences v. 163; ref. 23052] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Windermere, Cumbria, U.K. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus willoughbii (Günther 1862) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus willoughbii (Günther 1862). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

baerii, Coregonus Kessler [K. F.] 1864:138, Pl. 2 [Descriptions of the fish which are found in the waters of St. Petersburg Province v. 1 (sec. 1, Zool.); ref. 18394] Southern part of Lake Lodoga and Volkhov River, Russia. Syntypes: none found at ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:365 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:43-44 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Coregonus baerii Kessler 1864 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:137 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:371 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus baerii Kessler 1864. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Lodoga, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

baicalensis, Coregonus Dybowski [B. N.] 1874:389, Pl. 7 (figs. 1-3) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 24 (no. 3-4); ref. 1172] Lake Baikal, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:392 [ref. 12882], Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815]). •Valid as Coregonus baicalensis Dybowski 1874 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:137 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

baicalensis, Thymallus grubii var. Dybowski [B. N.] 1874:391, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 24 (no. 3-4); ref. 1172] Lake Baikal, Selenga and Angara rivers, Russia. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1871.7.19.3 (1) from MGH, 1897.7.5.20 (1) Lake Baikal. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:425 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573], Sideleva 2001:49 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815], Hanel 2003:60 [ref. 27894], Knizhin et al. 2006:418 [ref. 33991]). •Valid as Thymallus baicalensis Dybowski 1874 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:147 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:24 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:459 [ref. 29996], Knizhin & Weiss 2009:7 [ref. 30048], Dyldin et al. 2017:110 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus baicalensis Dybowski 1874. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Mongolia and Lake Baikal and drainages, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

baicalolenensis, Thymallus arcticus Matveev [A. N.], Samusenok [V. P.], Pronin [N. M.] & Tel'pukhovsky [A. N.] in Matveev et al. 2005:71 [Vestnik Buryatskogo Universiteta, Seriya 2, Biologiya. v. 7; ref. 30087] Amur, Lake Baikal and Lena River drainage, Russia. Holotype: ZMISU V-19. Paratypes: ZMISU (5). Type catalog: Dyldin et al. 2017:111 [ref. 35967]. •Valid as Thymallus baicalolenensis Matveev, Samusenok, Pronin & Tel'pukhovsky 2005 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Dyldin et al. 2017:110 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus baicalolenensis Matveev, Samusenok, Pronin & Tel'pukhovsky 2005. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Baikal and upper Lena basins, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

bailloni, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:342, Pl. 619 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Somme River at Abbeville, France. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-6321. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-2909 (2) Norway. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293] with MNHN 6321 as holotype and 2909 as paratypes. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:186 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bairdii, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:309 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Tributaries of Clarke's Fork of the Columbia River, northwestern U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) USNM 2010 (1, lost), 20778 (1, lost). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:272 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:219 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859) -- (Cavender 1978:145 [ref. 31314]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

balcanica, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1927:253, Fig. 1 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 2 (nos 1-2); ref. 15859] Ohrid Lake, southern Yugoslavia/eastern Albania. No types known. •Valid as Salmo balcanicus (Karaman 1927) -- (Kottelat 1997:133 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:420 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo balcanicus (Karaman 1927). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ohrid: Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

balleoides, Coregonus annectus Fatio [V.] 1885:661, Pl. 11 I.C.6 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Switzerland. No types known. See Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952] for discussion of name use. •Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 after first reviser action -- (Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

balleus, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:663 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Thun, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 717.45. Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. Name mentioned in Fatio 1885:92 [ref. 14444] and Fatio 1885:253 [ref. 19919] without description. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]. •Objective synonym of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

baltica, Coregonus lavaretus forma Thienemann [A.] 1922:455, Pl. 8 (figs. 13, 15) [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 13; ref. 23031] Schlei River, Germany. No types known. Described as a forma. Name might be available from Thienemann 1921 [ref. 15332]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described, as balticus Thienemann 1922 -- (Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101]). •Valid as Coregonus balticus Thienemann 1922 -- (Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577]). •Valid as Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547] with question). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Baltic Sea and adjacent estuaries (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bargusini, Coregonus lavaretus pidschian natio Krogius [F. V.] 1933:85 [Trudy Baikal'skoi Limnologicheskoi Stantsii v. 5; ref. 19614] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Barguzin River, trib. of Lake Baikal, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:408 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

bartletti, Leucichthys Koelz [W.] 1931:368, Pl. 39 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Teakettle Island, Siskowit Lake, Isle Royal, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96976. Paratypes: UMMZ 100149-50 (4, 6); USNM 117549 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909), but a valid subspecies -- (Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Siskowit Lake, Michigan, U.S.A. (bartletti subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

bathoecetor, Salmo Meek [S. E.] 1899:227 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 1 (no. 12); ref. 17626] Lake Crescent, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: FMNH 2035. Paratypes: FMNH 2036 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) -- (Behnke 1992:65 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

baunti, Coregonus sardinella Mukhomediyarov [F. B.] 1948:270 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR v. for 1948; ref. 17800] Tsipo-Tsipikan lakes, Vitim River system, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (many). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus baunti Mukhomediyarov 1948 -- (Lelek 1987:79 [ref. 22962], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:137 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus baunti Mukhomediyarov 1948. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

bavarica, Coregonus acronius var. Hofer [B.] in Vogt & Hofer 1909:341 [Die Süsswasserfische von Mittel-Europa; ref. 18296] Lake Ammersee, Upper Bavaria [Germany]. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (originally 40 specimens) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:271 [ref. 28925] -- see for discussion of placement of syntypic specimens (probably all lost). •Valid as Coregonus bavaricus Hofer 1909 -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:179 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:366 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus bavaricus Hofer 1909. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Ammersee, Germany. Habitat: freshwater.

beardsleei, Salmo gairdneri Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] in Jordan 1896:209, Pl. 23 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Lake Crescent, Washington, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 11864 (not on shelves in 1995). Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 11861-62 (1, 1), 11865 (1, not on shelves in 1995). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies irideus (Gibbons 1855) -- (Behnke 1992:199 [ref. 23385]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

behnkei, Oncorhynchus clarki Montgomery [M. R.] (ex Behnke) 1995:177 [Many rivers to cross; ref. 26881] Snake River, Wyoming and Idaho, U.S.A. No types known. According to Behnke 2002:175 [ref. 31624], Montgomery provided the descriptive information from Behnke 1992:98 [ref. 23385] under the name Oncorhynchus clarki behnkei; we consider Montgomery the author of this subspecies. The taxa is figured but not described as Salmo carmichaeli in Schwiebert 1978 (unnumbered plate opposite p. 175) [ref. 31644], a nomen nudum, and figured but not named in Baxter & Stone 1995:170-171 [ref. 23374]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies behnkei Montgomery 1995 as described -- (Behnke 2002:175 [ref. 31624], Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Trotter 2008:299 [ref. 31645], Page & Burr 2011:406 [ref. 31215]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Snake River system, Wyoming and Idaho [subspecies behnkei if a valid subspecies]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

benaci, Salmo lacustris var. Malfer [F.] 1920:298 [Atti e Memorie dell'Accademia di Agricoltura, Scienze e Lettere di Verona v. 21 (1918-1920); ref. 26275] Lake Garda, Italy. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:133 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bergi, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:42, Fig. 18 [Whitefishes. Habits, varieties, breeding, and fishing; ref. 18573] Neva River and Gulf of Finland. Syntypes or Pravdin specimens: ZIN 27200 (1), 27443 (1), 29926 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus bergi Yakolyev 1923 in fossil fishes, replaced by Coregonus lavaretus mediospinatus Pravdin 1931. •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:138 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Parin et al. 2014:121 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bergianus, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] in Berg & Pravdin 1948:12, Fig. 11 [Ukazatel' k izdanijam Imperatorskago Russkago Geograficeskago Obscestva i ego otdelov. v. 26 (no. 2)(for 1947); ref. 18571] Ondomozero Lake, Chavanga River basin, Kola Peninsula, Russia. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:390 [ref. 12882]). •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bergiellus, Coregonus lavaretus pidschian natio Svetovidov [A. N.] 1936:392, Fig. 1 [Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 18863] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Kara and Sibircha rivers, n. Russia. Also reported in Svetovidov 1934:344 by Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:398 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

bezola, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1888:1541 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 106; ref. 19704] Lake Bourget, Savoie, eastern France. No types known. •Valid as Coregonus bezola Fatio 1888 -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:350 [ref. 29996], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:81 [ref. 30320]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus bezola Fatio 1888. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Bourget, France [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

biennis, Salmo salar infra. Berg [L. S.] 1912:137 [v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 5874] Not available, infrasubspecific. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

birgei, Leucichthys Wagner [G.] 1911:73 [Bulletin of the Natural History Society of Wisconsin v. 9 (nos 1-2); ref. 14824] Green Lake, Green Lake County, Wisconsin, U.S.A.,depth 28 meters. Holotype: WGNHS. 1709i. Paratypes: USNM 87354 (1); WGNHS 1709 (36). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

bisselli, Coregonus tullibee Bollman [C. H.] 1890:223 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 8 (art. 6) (for 1888); ref. 14498] Rawson Lake; Howard Lake, Michigan, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) USNM 40619 (1). Additional specimens: (12). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

blackistoni, Salmo Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1876:25 [Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens. v. 2; ref. 18290] Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: ZMB 23407. •Synonym of Hucho perryi (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:299 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:323 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Parahucho perryi (Brevoort 1856) -- (Parin et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:680 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Parahucho perryi (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bleekeri, Hucho Kimura [S.] 1934:23, Pl. 1 [Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute v. 1; ref. 16434] Mountain stream near Kwan-hsien, Szechwan Province, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Hucho bleekeri Kimura 1934 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:130 [ref. 21205], Ding 1994:37 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:11 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:41 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:32 [ref. 26415], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hucho bleekeri Kimura 1934. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

bodanensis, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:490 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Constance, Switzerland/Germany, Austria. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

bodensis, Coregonus exiguus nusslinii var. Fatio [V.] 1890:173 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Constance, Switzerland. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

bodensis, Coregonus schinzii helveticus var. Fatio [V.] 1890:229 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Constance, Switzerland. •In the synonymy of Coregonus arenicolus Kottelat 1997. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus arenicolus Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

bodschac, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:71 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Noviy Bajaset, Golscha. Syntypes: ZIN 10948 (2). Original not translated. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

boganidae, Salvelinus Berg [L. S.] 1926:5, Pl. 1 [not 2] [Materialy Komissii po Izuceniju Jakutskoj Avtonomnoj Sovetskoj Socialisticeskoj Respubliki = Matériaux de la Commission pour l'Etude de la République Autonome Soviétique Socialiste Iakoute / Akademija Nauk SSSR. No. 2; ref. 16256] Boganida Lake, Khatanga River basin, Sakha-Yakutia, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 21274 (5, now 3). Captions for plates 1 and 2 are reversed. •Valid as Salvelinus boganidae Berg 1926 -- (Berg 1948:285 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Pavlov 1997:465 [ref. 24696], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:96 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:160 [ref. 28183]). •See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574]. Current status: Valid as Salvelinus boganidae Berg 1926. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

bolmeniensis, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1883:38, 39 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Ljusdal (Helsingland), Hammerdal (Jemtland), Bolmen, Åsnen, Yxkullsund, Willingsberg (Wenern), Sweden. Syntypes: (? total) NRM 35656 (1). •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bolmensis, Coregonus lavaretus forma Malm [A. W.] 1877:458 [ ref. 2881] Lake Bolmen, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bondella, Coregonus restrictus Fatio [V.] 1885:662, Pl. 22 I.D.9 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 656.36. Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Coregonus candidus Goll 1883 -- (Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus candidus Goll 1883. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

borealis, Coregonus wartmanni forma Järvi [T. H.] 1928:29, Pl. 3 (figs. 16-18) [Acta Zoologica Fennica v. 5; ref. 19622] Lake Inari at Palttoniemi and Virtaniemi, Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bouvieri, Salmo purpuratus var. Bendire [C. E.] in Jordan & Gilbert 1881:315 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 16; ref. 2476] Waha Lake, Nez Perce County, Idaho, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?CAS 44173 [ex IU 3562] (1), USNM 35289 (7). Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 80, p. 3249 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. Behnke 1992:91 [ref. 23385] wrongly indicates that Jordan specimen 3561 in the USNM may be regarded as the holotype [perhaps it is the lectotype, not investigated by us]. Author changed to Bendire on email from Douglas Markle on 8 Mar. 2017. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies bouvieri (Bendire 1881) as modified -- (Behnke 1992:73, 88 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Baxter & Stone 1995:164 [ref. 23374] as clarki, Thurow et al. 1997:1095 [ref. 25523], Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:249 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:405 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: West-central U.S.A.: Idaho, Utah, Wyoming and Nevada [subspecies bouvieri]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachymystax, Coregonus polcur Smitt [F. A.] 1883:39, 40 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Jenissei [Yenisei], Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Also appeared in Smitt 1886:273, 288, Pl. 6 (figs. 99-100) [ref. 18730]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:403 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:149 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815]). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Parin et al. 2014:123 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachypoma, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:87, Figs. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Forth, Tweed and Ouse reivers, England. Syntypes: (7) BMNH uncat. (?) River Ouse. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevicauda, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:308 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Streams in the vicinity of Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) ? USNM. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:183 [ref. 24570] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevicephalis, Thymmallus arcticus Mitrofanov [V. P.] 1971:109 [Biological Sciences, Alma-Ata v. 1; ref. 35968] Lake Markakol, Kazakhstan. No types known. Genus should have been Thymallus. First appeared as nomen nudum in Mitrofanov 1961:51 [ref. 35969]. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies brevicephalus -- (Mitrofanov et al. 1986:215 [ref. 35970]). •Valid as Thymallus brevicephalus Mitrofanov 1971 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:111 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Unknown. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Lake Markakol, Kazakhstan. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipes, Salmo Smitt [F. A.] 1883:32 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Arkhangelsk [Arkangel], Russia. Syntypes: NRM 24881 (2). Original not seen. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:206 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevipinnis, Thymallus arcticus var. Svetovidov [A. N.] 1931:85 [Travaux de la Station Limnologique du Lac Baikal [= Trudy Baikal'skoi limnologicheskoi stantsii] v. 1; ref. 16525] Lake Baikal, Russia. Syntypes: (many) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Thymallus arctius (Pallas 1776) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:426 [ref. 12882], Sideleva 2001:49 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815]). •Valid as Thymallus brevipinnis Svetovidov 1931 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:147 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus brevipinnis Svetovidov 1931. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Lake Baikal, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Thymallus Kessler [K. F.] 1879:305 [Bulletin de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 25; ref. 2598] Daingol or Taingol River in Kobdo basin; Zeipchyn or Dsapchyn River; tributary to Kirgis-Nor Lake in Altai, Mongolia. Syntypes: (2) ZIN 4212-13 (2, 1). Also appeared in Kessler 1879:266 [ref. 14266]. See Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831] for remarks on systematics. •Valid as Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879 -- (Berg 1948:423 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:49 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:301 [ref. 24570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Antonov 2004:445 [ref. 27927], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:147 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:24 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:51 [ref. 28933], Knizhin & Weiss 2009:7 [ref. 30048], Dyldin et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Mongolia, China (uper Irtysh River), Russia (Kobdo River basin, Tuva). Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Coregonus Mäklin [F. W.] 1869:20 [Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar v. 11 (for 1868-1869); ref. 17592] Ekenäs village of Nyland, on coast of Pojo-viken inlet, Gulf of Finland. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:318 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bullarensis, Coregonus lavaretus forma Malm [A. W.] 1877:547 [ ref. 2881] Bullarsjön, Sweden. Syntypes: GNM. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

burejensis, Thymallus Antonov [A. L.] 2004:443, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 44 (no. 4); ref. 27927] Bureye River, tributary of Middle Amur River, Russia. Holotype: MGY P-20928. Paratypes: MGY P-20929 (1). •Valid as Thymallus burejensis Antonov 2004 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:147 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Knizhin et al. 2007:135 [ref. 29043], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Dyldin et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus burejensis Antonov 2004. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Bureye [Buyeya] River, tributary of Middle Amur River, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

caecifer, Salmo Parnell [R.] 1838 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 7 (art. 2) (for 1831-1837); ref. 18519] Loch Leven, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caerulescens, Salmo Schmidt [F. W.] 1795:65 [Sammlung physikalisch-ökonomischer Aufsätze: zur Aufnahme der Naturkunde und deren damit verwandten Wissenschaften in Böhmen. v. 1; ref. 18701] Name only, not available; from Moldau [Vltava] River, Czech Republic. •In the synonymy of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

callaris, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:352 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: ZMB 23558 (1), 23566 (1). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:19 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:288 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:39 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:141 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cambricus, Salmo Donovan [E.] 1806:3 unnum. pp., Pl. 91 [The natural history of British fishes, including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selection of accurately finished coloured plates.; ref. 17408] Glamorganshire and Carmarthenshire, Wales, U.K. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cambricus, Salmo Günther [A.] 1862:49, Pl. 6 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 1) (art. 6) (for 11 Feb. 1862); ref. 18215] Llanberris Lake, Carnarvonshire, northern Wales, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.7.26.5-8 (4), 1863.12.19.1 (1), 1865.2.18.1 (1), 1865.3.30.1-4 (4), 1865.3.30.5-6 (2). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo cambricus Donovon 1806, replaced by Salmo perisii Günther 1865. •Synonym of Salvelinues perisii (Günther 1865) -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus perisii (Günther 1865). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

campbelli, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:313 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Columbia River, Fort Dalles, Oregon, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 7078 [not 377]. Replacement name for Salmo spectabilis Girard 1856, secondarily preoccupied by Salar spectabilis Valenciennes 1848 in Salmo. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:219 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859) -- (Cavender 1978:145 [ref. 31314]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canadensis, Coregonus Scott [W. B.] 1967:26 [Freshwater fishes of eastern Canada. 2nd ed.; ref. 22185] Tusket River system, Yarmouth County, and Millipsigate Lake, Nova Scotia, Canada. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus nasus canadensis Berg 1932, replaced by Coregonus huntsmani Scott 1987. See Lee et al. 1980:79 [ref. 22416], Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386]. •Treated as valid as Coregonus canadensis Scott 1967 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:281 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Coregonus huntsmani Scott 1987 -- (Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus huntsmani Scott 1987. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canadensis, Coregonus nasus Berg [L. S.] 1932:222, footnote [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

canadensis, Salmo Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:474, Pl. 41 [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] Canada. No types preserved. Based on a drawing by C. H. Smith. •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:213 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

candidus, Coregonus Goll [H.] 1883:342 [Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, Genève v. 10 (no. 10); ref. 18141] Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Neotype: MHNG 656.36. Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Coregonus candidus Goll 1883 -- (Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:354 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus candidus Goll 1883. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

canis, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1859:9 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 1); ref. 18855] Streams along Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) lost in transit. Non-types: USNM 2004 [=USNM 2068] (1). Species described in more detail in Suckley 1861:312 [ref. 4298]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:157 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carbonarius, Salmo Strøm [H.] 1784:122 [Physisk-oeconomisk beskrivelse over Eger-praestgiaeld i Aggerhuus-stift i Norge; ref. 22961] Modum, western Norway. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carinatus, Salmo Cope [E. D.] 1872:471 [U. S. Geological Survey Territitories Annual Report v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 923] Uncertain locality, probably Yellowstone River, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7835-36 (2, in pieces). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Salmo clarkii (Richardson 1837) subspecies lewisi (Girard 1856) -- (La Rivers 1994:281 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), subspecies lewisi (Girard 1856) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carmichaeli, Salmo Schwiebert [E.] 1978:no page, unnumbered plate opposite p. 175 [Trout; ref. 31644] Blacktail Spring Creek, Wyoming, U.S.A. Name appeared as caption only. •In the synonymy of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) subspecies behnkei Montgomery 1995 -- (Behnke 2002:175 [ref. 31624], Trotter 2008:299 [ref. 31645]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

carneus, Salmo salvelinus var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:338 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Not available, name only; from Lake Traunsee, Austria. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonymy of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

carpio, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Lake Garda, Italy. Neotype: NRM 28000. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:133 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:413 [ref. 29996], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Lake Garda (Italy); introduced elsewhere in Italy, Germany and New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

caspius, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:62, Pl. 2 (fig. 15) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Kura River near Bozhii Promysel fishing grounds, Azerbaijan. Syntypes: (3) not at ZIN. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:242 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo caspius Kessler 1877 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:55 [ref. 29533], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35254], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089], Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kalyci et al. 2018:803 [ref. 36785]). Current status: Valid as Salmo caspius Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Kura River and southern and southwestern Caspian Sea watersheds, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cenerinus, Salmo Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not far from sea in rivers draining to lagoon of Venezia, Italy. No types known. See also Ninni 1872:40 [ref. 17995] where Chiereghini manuscript is quoted. Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the name to the "northern Italian fario", but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Questionably valid as Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847 -- (Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Bianco & Delmastro 2011:3 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). •Valid as Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:413 [ref. 29996], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Po River basin (Italy). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cettii, Salmo Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:32, 55 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Val Demone and Val di Noto, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea watershed. No types known. Spelled cetti on p. 32, cettii on p. 55. •Tentatively valid as Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:415 [ref. 29996], Bianco & Delmastro 2011:2 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Corsica (France), and Sardinia and Sicily (Italy). Habitat: freshwater.

chadary, Coregonus Dybowski [B. N.] 1869:954, Pl. 17 (fig. 8) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 19; ref. 1169] Onon River, Amur River basin, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. As Coregonus chavary in main heading, as chadary in Table and on Pl. 17 (fig. 8); misspelled chadari in literature. •Valid as Coregonus chadary Dybowski 1869 -- (Berg 1948:410 [ref. 12882], Zhu 1995:12 [ref. 25213], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:42 [ref. 23570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:137 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:49 [ref. 28933], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Zhang et al. 2016:188 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus chadary Dybowski 1869. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Russia, Mongolia and China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chibinae, Coregonus lavaretus Krogius [F. V.] in Berg 1933:847 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 2; ref. 279] Lake Imandra, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:389 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chilo, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2012:224, Fig. 2b, 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32276] Akdere Stream at Gürün county, Euphrates River drainage [Firat Nehri], Sivas province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3054. Paratypes: FFR 3055 (23), CMK 20135 (3). •Valid as Salmo chilo Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012 -- (Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo chilo Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Sivas Province. Habitat: freshwater.

chouicha, Oncorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:306 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 16; ref. 2476] Unjustified emendation of Salmo tshawytscha Walbaum 1792 ("A barbarous spelling of the word "chouicha" which we have thought proper to simplify"). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:188 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:309 [ref. 6363]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chrysogaster, Salmo Needham [P. R.] & Gard [R.] 1964:169 [Copeia 1964 (no. 1); ref. 2690] Arroyo de la Rana, a tributary of Río Verde of the River Fuerte drainage, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: CAS 20703. Paratypes: CAS 20704-09 (3, 2, 5, 30, 23, 27), 41652-53 (8, 3). •Valid as Oncorhynchus chrysogaster (Needham & Gard 1964) -- (Behnke 1992:221 [ref. 23385], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:30 [ref. 22290], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:77 [ref. 23979], Fuller et al. 1999:486 [ref. 25838], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:176 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus chrysogaster (Needham & Gard 1964). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Pacific Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

churchillensis, Leucichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1948:144, Figs. 8-11 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 100; ref. 13052] Churchill River at Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71741. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ciscaucasicus, Salmo trutta Dorofeeva [E. A.] 1967:15 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 7 (no. 1, art. 42); ref. 7957] Keyranchay River, eastern Ciscaucasia, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 26244. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva 1967 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:427 [ref. 29996], Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva 1967. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Terek River and rivers flowing into the Caspian Sea from the north and northwest. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cismontanus, Coregonus williamsoni Jordan [D. S.] 1890:49, Pl. 9 (figs. 8-9) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 9 [1889]; ref. 12341] Missouri River, U.S.A. Syntypes: CAS-SU 660 (5); USNM 38225 (1), 41622 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Prosopium williamsoni (Girard 1856) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:187 [ref. 23374]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium williamsoni (Girard 1856). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

clarensis, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:340 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Clear Lake, Oneida County, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96965. Paratypes: (45) UMMZ 90332-33 (2, 1). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clarkii, Salmo Richardson [J.] (ex Gairdner) 1836:225 [Part 3; ref. 3731] The Katpootl [Cathlapoot River], a small tributary of the Columbia on its right bank, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. The original spelling clarkii should be used. Up to 14 subspecies are recognized. •Valid as Salmo clarkii Richardson 1836 [often as clarki] -- (Lee et al. 1980:105 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:78 [ref. 9277], Robison & Buchanan 1988:123 [ref. 23393], La Rivers 1994:274 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:177 [ref. 24570]). •Valid as Parasalmo clarkii (Richardson 1836) -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:154 [ref. 28183], McPhail 2007:240 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:403 [ref. 31215] with 14 subspecies). •Valid as Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1836) [usually as clarki] -- (McAllister 1990:84 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:50 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:53 [ref. 18983], Behnke 1992:53, 61 [ref. 23385], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:30 [ref. 22290], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683] as clarki, Baxter & Stone 1995:162 [ref. 23374], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838], Broughton 2000:647 [ref. 24593] as clarki, Lyons et al. 2000:66 [ref. 26594] as clarki, Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:203 [ref. 25968], Moyle 2002:287 [ref. 26449] as clarki, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:56 [ref. 27816] as clarki, Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Trotter & Behnke 2008:58 [ref. 30146], Minckley & Marsh 2009:86, 93 [ref. 31114], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:21 [ref. 34694], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726], Kells et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1836). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific, introduced elsewhere. Eastern North Pacific drainages from Alaska to northern California [subspecies clarkii]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clemensi, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:347 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lake Nipigon, Ombabika Bay, Ontario, Canada. Holotype: UMMZ 54604. Paratypes: MCZ 32690 (1), UMMZ 81673 (27 + 3 or 67 + 3). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clupeaformis, Salmo Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:321 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 5, art. 1); ref. 30214] Falls at St. Mary River at northern Lake Huron, Michigan, and near Ithaca in Cayuga Lake, New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Lee et al. 1980:80 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186], Scott & Scott 1988:120 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:28 [ref. 14125], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:55 [ref. 24089], McAllister 1990:80 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:40 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Scott & Crossman 1998:269 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:241 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:39 [ref. 26594], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:186 [ref. 25968], Goodchild 2002:623 [ref. 26240], Edge & Gilhen 2002:636 [ref. 26239], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:54 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:360 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:383 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:20, 130 [ref. 36199]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic, Atlantic, northern North America, introduced elsewhere. Subspecies lavaretus is Eurasian when recognized as a valid subspecies. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clupeoides, Coregonus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:697, 698 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Inchtonachon, Loch Lomond, western Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:383 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

clupeoides, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:410 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Siberia, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZMB 23547. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:23 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:23 [ref. 6025] if needed. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:46 [ref. 23570]). •Secondary junior homonym of Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coeruleus, Coregonus wartmanni Fatio [V.] 1890:115, Pl. 2 (figs. 1, 8, 25) [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Central Europe. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Based on specimens and several published descriptions and illustrations. •Synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784) -- (Kottelat 1997:113 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cognatus, Coregonus dispersus Fatio [V.] 1885:660 [Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, Genève v. 14; ref. 14444] Lake Bourget, Savoie, France. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952] as cognatus). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

colii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1863:12, Pl. 2 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1863 (pt 1) (art. 1) (for 13 Jan. 1863); ref. 18217] Lake Eske and Lough Dan, Ireland, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.11.11.1-8 (8) Lake Eske. •Valid as Salvelinus colii (Günther 1863) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:437 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus colii (Günther 1863). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

compactus, Coregonus crassirostris Fatio [V.] 1885:661, Pl. 22 I.B.4 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Zug, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 715.93 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Coregonus zugensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:110 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zugensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

confinis, Salmo DeKay [J. E.] 1842:238, Pl. 38 (fig. 123) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Silver Lake, Pennsylvania; Lake Luis and lakes of New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (Smith 1986:238 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:227 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

confluentus, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1859:8 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 1); ref. 18855] Puyallup River, near Fort Steilacoom, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 1135 (skin). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:309 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389]). •Valid as Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859) -- (Cavender 1978:139 [ref. 31314], Lee et al. 1980:113 [ref. 22416], Carl et al. 1989 [ref. 19502], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:50 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Broughton 2000:647 [ref. 24593] as cf. confluentus, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:201 [ref. 25968], Moyle 2002:296 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:94 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:317 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:398 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831], Pietsch & Orr 2015:23 [ref. 34694]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northwestern U.S.A. and southwestern Canada. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

confusus, Coregonus annectus Fatio [V.] 1885:661, Pl. 22 I.C.5 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lakes Morat, Neuchâtel and Bienne, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG (lost in 1902). •Valid as Coregonus confusus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:355 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus confusus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

conorhynchus, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:485 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Russia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3669. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:306 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

consuetus, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1854:167, Pl. 33 (figs. 1-2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Herald; ref. 3746] Yukon River to falls above confluence of Porcupine River, perhaps higher, northwest North America. Holotype (unique): BMNH. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:311 [ref. 6363], Scott & Crossman 1998:157 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cooperi, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:311 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Columbia River and Okanakani River, northwestern North America. Syntypes: (several) USNM 3642 (1, lost), 3643 (1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:177 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coregonoides, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:362 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Widespread through northern Russian rivers and Lake Baikal, Russia. Syntypes: ZMB 23547 (1, dry), 23560 (1). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:21 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:300 [ref. 12882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:12 [ref. 22798], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:31 [ref. 23574], Sideleva 2001:46 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:12 [ref. 27815], Kottelat 2006:15 [ref. 28831], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cornubiensis, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:65 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Lake Lo, Cornwall, England. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coruhensis, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2010:345, Figs. 4b, 5b, 7, 8, 14b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 4) [Dec. 2009]; ref. 30689] Çoruh River drainage, Pehlivanli Stream at Pehlivanli village, 40°30.42'N, 41°29.17'E, Erzurum Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3036. Paratypes: many at CMK and FFR. •Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). •Valid as Salmo coruhensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010 -- (Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo coruhensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Çoruh Nehri basin (Black Sea tributary), Erzurum Province. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

costatus, Salmo Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:152 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Switzerland. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1858). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

couesii, Coregonus Milner [J. W.] 1874:88 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 2 (for 1872-1873); ref. 17704] Chief Mountain Lake, eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, Montana, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 14146. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

coulterii, Coregonus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1892:961 [American Naturalist v. 26 (no. 311); ref. 12339] Kicking Horse River at Field, British Columbia, Canada. Lectotype: USNM 44875 (1 of 3). Paralectotypes: (over 100) BMNH 1892.12.30.300-309 (10), 1893.2.7.101 (1); MCZ 35994 [ex USNM 44875] (1); CAS-SU 519 (7); UMMZ 61949 [ex IU 4446] (4), 167491 [ex UMMZ 61949] (1); USNM 44875 (2 of 3), 64089 (1), 125277 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291] as coulteri. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 76, p. 3248 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. Lectotype also designated as UMMZ 167941 [?167491] by Eschmeyer & Bailey 1955:165 [ref. 26459] •Valid as Coregonus coulteri Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1892 -- (Eschmeyer & Bailey 1955:161 [ref. 26459]). •Valid as Prosopium coulteri (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1892) [should be coulterii] -- (Lee et al. 1980:98 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:45 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:282 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:40 [ref. 26594], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:67 [ref. 26736], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:190 [ref. 25968] as coulterii, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:85 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807] as coulterii, Bailey et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27882] as coulterii, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:145 [ref. 28183] as coulterii, Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386] as coulterii, McPhail 2007:379 [ref. 31199] as coulterii, Page & Burr 2011:391 [ref. 31215] as coulterii, Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708] as coulterii). Current status: Valid as Prosopium coulterii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1892). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: North America and Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

crassirostris, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:661, Pl. 22 I.B [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Unneeded new name for Coregonus nobilis Haack 1882. •Synonym of Coregonus nobilis Haack 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nobilis Haack 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

crescentis, Salmo gairdneri Jordan [D. S.] & Beardslee [L. A.] in Jordan 1896:207, Pl. 22 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Lake Crescent at Fairholme, Clallam County, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 11863. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) -- (Behnke 1992:65 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cumberland, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:695, 696 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Lakes of Cumbreland and Scotland, U.K. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

curilus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:351 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Rivers of Kuriles. Syntypes: ?NMW 79381 (1, dry), ?ZMB 8191 (dry). See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574]. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:291 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:272 [ref. 23389], Gritsenko et al. 1998:196 [ref. 24673]). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies curilus -- (Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694]). •Valid as Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:162 [ref. 28183], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:681 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Kuril Islands to Sakhalin to Korea and Japan, Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cuvieri, Coregonus lavaretus wartmanni natio Berg [L. S.] 1933:123 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

cyanopterus, Leucichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1911:27, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 29 (for 1909); ref. 2452] Lake Superior, off Marquette, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 64672. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13195-96 (1, 1), 13199-202 (4); USNM 64707-08 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. We date to Milner 1874. •Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Hoy 1872), but an extinct valid subspecies -- (Lee et al. 1980:86 [ref. 22416]). •Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Hoy 1872) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:259 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Milner 1874). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cylindraceus, Salmo Pennant [T.] (ex Pallas) 1784:ciii [Arctic zoology; ref. 18530] Lena, Indigirfka, and Kowyma rivers, Siberia, Russia. No types known. Description appears on p. ciii and name appears again on p. cxxvii. •Valid as Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784) -- (Berg 1948:417 [ref. 12882]). •Valid as Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Lee et al. 1980:99 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:219 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:47 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:286 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:254 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:40 [ref. 26594], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:68 [ref. 26736] with author as Pallas, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:189 [ref. 25968], Fedorov et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:154 [ref. 27882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:145 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:386 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:393 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:127 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:22, 256 [ref. 36199]). Current status: Valid as Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic and Pacific drainages, North America and Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cyprinoides, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:412 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Lena, Jenisei River, Petschora [Pechora], Russia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo cyprinoides Linnaeus 1766. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Berg 1948:347 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov 1998:45 [ref. 23570], Sideleva 2001:49 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831], Parin et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

czerskii, Brachymystax lenok Kirillov [F. N.] in Kirillov et al. 1979:165 [Biology of Vilyuy Reservoir; ref. 30088] Undulyung River, Lena River drainage, Yakutia, Russia. Original description not seen. •Synonym of Brachymystax tumensis Mori 1930 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:676 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Brachymystax tumensis Mori 1930. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

czerskii, Salvelinus Dryagin [P. A.] in Berg 1932:179 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Lake Elöre and Lake Agarpypa. No types known. Author is P. A. Dryagin. •Valid as Salvelinus czerskii Dryagin 1932 -- (Berg 1948:285 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:98 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:160 [ref. 28183], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:910 [ref. 31791]). •See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574]. Current status: Valid as Salvelinus czerskii Dryagin 1932. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

danica, Coregonus lavaretus gruppe Kulmatycki [W. J.] 1928:44 [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 19; ref. 23037] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes in Denmark. Name appeared as "Danica-Gruppe". •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

danilewskii, Salmo Gulelmi [M.] 1888:46 [Vestnik Rybopromyshlennosti St. Petersburg v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 19623] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (9). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:265 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, infrasp. danilewskii Gulelmi 1888 -- (Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

danneri, Coregonus exiguus Vogt [C.] in Vogt & Hofer 1908:332, Pl. 14 (fig. 4) [Die Süsswasserfische von Mittel-Europa; ref. 18296] Lake Traunsee, Austria. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] lost in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:271 [ref. 28925]. According to Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952], plates published in 1908, pertinent text in 1909. •Valid as Coregonus danneri Vogt 1908 -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:181 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:367 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus danneri Vogt 1908. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Traunsee, Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

danubicus, Salmo trutta labrax infra. Holcík [J.] 1969:227 [v. 33; ref. 23045] Not available, infrasubspecific as an infraspecies; from Danube R. in Bratislava, Slovakia. •Tentatively in the synonymy of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

declivifrons, Salmo clarki Meek [S. E.] 1899:230 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 1 (no. 12); ref. 17626] Lake Southerland, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): FMNH 2006. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) -- (Behnke 1992:64 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

decorus, Thymallus Koch [C. L.] 1840:42 [Animalia vertebrata. Fauna Ratisbonensis; ref. 18429] Original not seen. Unneeded replacement name for Salmo thymallus Linnaeus 1748. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

delgermuren, Coregonus pidschian natio Dulmaa [A.] 1970 Originally as delger-muren. Not seen; from Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Delgermurun River, Mongolia; apparently not published. •In the synonymy of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

dentatus, Thymallus arcticus Gundriser [A. N.] 1979:15 [Dentated Siberian grayling Thymallus arcticus dentatus subsp. nova.; ref. 36008] Lakes Kara-Khol in the Kham-Syra River system, the Bol’shoy Yenisei drainage, Tuva, Russia Syntypes (several): whereabouts unknown. •Questionable synonym of Thymallus svetovidovi Knizhin & Weiss 2009 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus svetovidovi Knizhin & Weiss 2009. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dentex, Salar Heckel [J. J.] 1851:371, Pl. 10 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 8; ref. 18259] Narenta [Nerteva River], Bosnia-Herzegovina. Lectotype: NMW 65895. Paralectotypes: NMW 16505 (1, dry), 65887 (9), 65888 (4, poor condition), 65895 (4), 92806 (1, dry), 95284 (1), 95285 (1); NRM 25000 (1). See Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952] for localities. Lectotype selected by Delling 2011:339 [ref. 31191]. •Questionably valid as Salmo dentex (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies dentex (Heckel 1851) -- (Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). •Valid as Salmo dentex (Heckel 1851) -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Zupančič 2008:62 [ref. 29926], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:421 [ref. 29996], Delling 2011:339 [ref. 31191], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897], Ćaleta et al. 2019:177 [ref. 37026] with question). Current status: Valid as Salmo dentex (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Adriatic basin. Habitat: freshwater.

dermatinus, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1854:169, Pl. 33 (figs. 3-5) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Herald; ref. 3746] Yukon River, northwestern North America. Holotype (unique): BMNH. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:311 [ref. 6363], Scott & Crossman 1998:157 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

digitalis, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:421 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Unneeded new name for Salmo arcticus Pallas 1776. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Kottelat 2006:23 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dispar, Coregonus asperi Fatio [V.] 1885:664, Pl. 22 II.A.3 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Greifen, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 807.48 (3). Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dispersus, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:660 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Morat, Switzerland. No types known. Also appeared in Fatio 1885:92 [ref. 14444] and Fatio 1885:253 [ref. 19919] without description. •Synonym of Coregonus restrictus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:107 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus restrictus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

distichus, Salmo Heckel [J. J.] 1851:359, 361 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 8; ref. 18259] Lakes of Salzkammergut, Austria. Syntypes: NMW (not found in 1995). Also see Heckel 1852:93 [ref. 18260]. •Synonym of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •Syonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1759). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dolosus, Coregonus wartmanni Fatio [V.] 1885:660, Pl. 22 I.A.2 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lakes Zürich and Walenstadt, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 656.53. Paralectotypes: MHNG 715.92 (6). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. Lectotype from Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532], not designated here. •Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dormidontovi, Coregonus sardinella orientalis infra. Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:117 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Not available, infrasubspecific; described as an infrasp. nova. From Lake Maloe Morskoe, Chukochya R. basin, Yakutia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

drjagini, Coregonus muksun Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:187 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Lena and Olenek rivers, Yakutia, Russia. Syntypes: (many) not at ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814) -- (Parin et al. 2014:120 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

drjagini, Salvelinus Logashev [M. V.] 1940:27 [Trudy Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Polyarnogo Zemledeliya Zhivotnovodstva i Promyslovogo Chosyiistva, Seriya Iromislovoe Chozyaiisgvo v. 11; ref. 18450] Lake Melkoe, Pyasina River basin, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (17). See also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574]. •Valid as Salvelinus drjagini Logashev 1940 -- (Berg 1948:286 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Pavlov 1997:465 [ref. 24696], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:160 [ref. 28183]). •See also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574]. Current status: Valid as Salvelinus drjagini Logashev 1940. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

duplex, Coregonus asperi maraenoides var. Fatio [V.] 1890:207 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lake Zürich, Switzerland. Probably can be considered as infrasubspecific, not available. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

duplex, Coregonus schinzii Fatio [V.] 1890:252 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lake Zürich, Switzerland. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Coregonus duplex Fatio 1890 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:360 [ref. 29996]). •See Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:81 [ref. 30320]. Current status: Valid as Coregonus duplex Fatio 1890. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Zürich, Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

dustini, Coregonus clupeaformis Koelz [W.] 1931:379 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lake Desor, Isle Royal, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96972. Paratypes: MCZ 32692 (1), UMMZ 100140 (now 26). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dybowskii, Coregonus lavaretus baicalensis natio Krogius [F. V.] 1933:85, Fig. 2 [Trudy Baikal'skoi Limnologicheskoi Stantsii v. 5; ref. 19614] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Chivyrkui Bay, Lake Baikal, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:393 [ref. 12882]). •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus baicalensis Dybowski 1874 -- (Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

dymondi, Leucichthys reighardi Koelz [W.] 1929:406, Fig. 18 [U. S. Deptment of Commer. Bureau Fish. Document No. 1048; ref. 11809] Lake Nipigon in Orient Bay, southwestern Ontario, Canada, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 88353. Paratypes: ANSP 102931 (2); UMMZ (many), USNM 117486 [ex UMMZ 54601] (6). •Synonym of Coregonus reighardi (Koelz 1924) -- (Lee et al. 1980:89 [ref. 22416]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus reighardi (Koelz 1924). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Coregonus Thompson [W.] 1839:422, Pl. 16 (fig. 4) [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 2 (no. 12) (art. 47); ref. 17906] Shannon River near Killaloe Lakes, Ireland. •Synonym of Coregonus pollan Thompson 1835 -- (Kottelat 1997:121 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pollan Thompson 1835. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elgyticus, Salvelinus Viktorovsky [R. M.] & Glubokovsky [M. K.] in Viktorovsky et al. 1981:73, Fig. 1 et seq. [ ref. 8530] Elgygytkhyn Lake, Anadyr River basin, Chukotski Peninsula, northeastern Russia. Holotype: ZIN 45397. Paratypes: ZIN 45400 (32). •Valid as Salvelinus elgyticus Viktorovsky & Glubokovsky 1981 -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:39 [ref. 23574], Chereshnev et al. 2001:98 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:160 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus elgyticus Viktorovsky & Glubokovsky 1981. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

entomophagus, Leucichthys Harper [F.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1919:267 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 41 (art. 2); ref. 15213] Tazin River at the foot of Kolethe Rapids, Mackenzie District, Northwest Territories, Canada, about 60°38'N, 110°30'W. Holotype: NMC 58-162 [ex Victoria Mem. Mus. 1021]. Paratypes: (26). Type catalog: McAllister 1965:7 [ref. 22019]. •Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:268 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

eremogenes, Salmo Evermann [B. W.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1909:93, Pl. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 22; ref. 14374] Crab Creek at Rocky Ford, north of Ritzville, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 62960. Paratypes: USNM 62961 (1), 126950 [ex USBF] (1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) subspecies bouvieri (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Behnke 1992:75, 91 [ref. 23385]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eriensis, Argyrosomus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1909:165, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1662); ref. 10578] Port Stanley, Lake Erie, Ontario, Canada. Holotype: USNM 62515. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13083 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eriox, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas and rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:200 [ref. 24570], Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

erythraeus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:349 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] "Sibiriae lacu alpino Frelicha, orientalem lacus Baical, lacu Madshar Sayanensium alphis, Lapponiae". Syntypes: ZMB 23353 (1, dry). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

erythrinus, Salmo Georgi [J. G.] 1775:186, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Bemerkungen einer Reise im russischen Reich in 1772; ref. 18104] Lake Frelicha, Siberia, Russia. No types known. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:199 [ref. 25968]. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:273 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: High Arctic regions [subspecies erythrinus]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

erythrinus, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1368 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Siberia, Russia. •Possibly the same as Salmo erythrinus Georgi 1775. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

erythrogaster, Salmo DeKay [J. E.] 1842:236, Pl. 39 (fig. 136) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Indian Lake, Hamilton County; Lake Janet, St. Lawrence County; Franklin County; and Essex County, New York; Silver Lake, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:234 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

erythrorynchos, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:366 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Kamchatka, Russia. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

estuarius, Salmo Knox [R.] 1855:4662 [The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History v. 13; ref. 18428] England and Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

euphrataeus, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2014:281, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 33242] Erzurum Province, Kuzgun Stram, Euphrates River drainage, 40°13'11.1"N, 41°0618.3"E, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 1219. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo euphrataeus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014 -- (Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo euphrataeus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Erzurum Province. Habitat: freshwater.

europaeus, Salmo salar Payne [R. H.], Child [A. R.] & Forrest [A.] 1971:251 [Nature (London) v. 231 (no. 5300); ref. 863] Europe. No types known. Unneeded new subspecific name for stocks of Atlantic salmon spawning in European rivers; correct subspecific name should be Salmo salar salar Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

euryrhynchi, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1895:902 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Not intended as a specific name, not available; from Lake Vättern, Sweden. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

evasus, Salvelinus Freyhof [J.] & Kottelat [M.] 2005:259, Figs. 3-5 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 112 (no. 1); ref. 28187] Lake Ammersee, between Utting and Schondorf, southern Germany, depth about 50 meters. Holotype: ZSM 30460. Paratypes: CMK 18465 (15); FSJF 1550 (30); SMF 32878 [ex ZSM 29525] (2); ZSM 4481-85 and 4488-4502 (21), 5943-5946 (4), 29525-26 (14 now 12, 14), 30458-59 (1, 1), 30461 (2). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:277 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Salvelinus evasus Freyhof & Kottelat 2005 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:453 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus evasus Freyhof & Kottelat 2005. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ammersee, southern Germany. Habitat: freshwater.

evermanni, Salmo Jordan [D. S.] & Grinnell [J.] 1908:31, Pl. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 21; ref. 10629] Headwaters of South Fork of Santa Ana River 4 miles northwest of San Gorgonio Peak, southern California, U.S.A., elevation 8200 feet. Holotype: CAS-SU 20389. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22496 (2); USNM 75143-44 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), subspecies henshawi (Gill 1878) -- (Behnke 1992:113 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

excelsa, Salmo lacustris var. Fatio [V.] 1890:355 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Source of Inn River, lakes Sils, Silvaplana, Campfer and St.-Moritz, Danube basin, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 816.09 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

exiguus, Coregonus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:110, 117 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 40; ref. 18422] Unneeded new name for Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882. •Synonym of Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

exiguus, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1949:42 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk (no. 1); ref. 19598] Lake Syamozero and other lakes, Shuya River system, Onega Lake basin, Russia. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Coregonus by Leucichthys exiguus Klunzinger 1884. Name spelled exilis in Pravdin 1954:105 [ref. 20852], possibly as a replacement name (see p. 113). •Questionably a synonymy of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

exilis, Coregonus lavaretus pallasi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1954:105 [Izvestija Akademii Nauk SSSR; ref. 20852] Apparently a replacement name for Coregonus lavaretus pallasi natio exiguus Pravdin 1948, secondarily preoccupied by Coregonus exiguus (Klunzinger 1884). Not available; infrasubspecific; from Lake Syamozero, Karelia, Russia. •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

ezenami, Salmo trutta Berg [L. S.] 1948:253 [267] [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Lake Ezenam, Daghestan, Caucasus, Russia, elevation 1882 meters. Syntypes: ZIN 28356 (11). On p. 267 of English translation. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo ezenami Berg 1948 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:156 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:428 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ezenami Berg 1948. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fario, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Rivers of Sweden and Switzerland. No types known. •Valid as Salmo fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:724 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies trutta but as a valid morpha -- (Lelek 1987:105 [ref. 22962], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:255 [ref. 12882], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:215 [ref. 25473], Smith 1986:231 [ref. 22186], Baxter & Stone 1995:191 [ref. 23374], La Rivers 1994:318 [ref. 23389], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:200 [ref. 24570], Kalyci et al. 2018:803 [ref. 36785]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:383 [ref. 13675], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:721 [ref. 20764], Wu & Wu 1992:128 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:43 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680] as a valid morpha, Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2003:3 [ref. 27265] as a valid subspecies, Gabrielyan 2001:24 [ref. 25867], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:164 [ref. 28369], Shrestha 2008:202 [ref. 29923], Gurung et al. 2013:4884 [ref. 32969], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fario, Salmo trutta caspius morpha Berg [L. S.] 1933:113 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; also preoccupied. •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

fario, Salmo trutta labrax morpha Berg [L. S.] 1916:47 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Not available, infrasubspecific according to Kottelat 1997:137, but Berg is referring to fario Linnaeus so this entry not needed. •Treated as a valid "morpha" dating to Pallas 1811 -- (Lelek 1987:111 [ref. 22962]). •Treated as Salmo trutta m. fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079]). •In the synonymy of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

farioides, Salmo Karaman [S.] 1938:137, Fig. 3 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Krka River in Croatia, near the town of Knin. Neotype: MCCI/P/501. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952] for localities. Neotype selected by Bianco 2014:65 [ref. 32897]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079]). •Questionably valid as Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo farioides Karaman 1928 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:421 [ref. 29996], Zupančič 2008:63 [ref. 29926], Delling 2011:337 [ref. 31191], Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897], Barbieri et al. 2015:82 [ref. 35029], Ćaleta et al. 2019:177 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: eastern Adriatic slope (Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia and Greece). Habitat: freshwater.

fariopsis, Salmo Kner [R.] in Steindachner & Kner 1870:437 [17], Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4250] Decastris Bay, Sea of Japan. Syntypes: NMW 65807 (3). On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:291 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:681 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

faroensis, Salvelinus alpinus Joensen [J. S.] & Tåning [A. V.] 1970:68 [Zeitschrift für Fischkunde v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 19470] Leynavatn, Faroes. Holotype: ZMUC (missing). Paratypes: ZMUC (1, missing). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:12 [ref. 9588]. Original not seen. •Status unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salvelinus faroensis Joensen & Tåning 1970 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:437 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus faroensis Joensen & Tåning 1970. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Faroe Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

fatioi, Coregonus Kottelat [M.] 1997:109 [Biologia (Bratislava) v. 52 (suppl. 5); ref. 22952] Lake Thun, Switzerland. Lectotype: MHNG 809.59 (branchial arches MHNG 675.96). Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952]. Replacement name for Coregonus wartmanni alpinus Fatio 1890, preoccupied by Coregonus schinzii alpinus Fatio 1885. •Valid as Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:357 [ref. 29996]), Current status: Valid as Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Thun and Brienz, Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

fatioi, Coregonus lavaretus wartmanni natio Berg [L. S.] 1933:124 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; as a replacement name. •In the synonymy of Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus fatioi Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

fera, Corregonus Jurine [L.] 1825:190, Pl. 7 [Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 18368] Lake Léman/Lake Geneva, Switzerland, and France. No types known. Original genus should have been Coregonus. •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776) -- (Lelek 1987:84 [ref. 22962]). •Valid as Coregonus fera Jurine 1825, but apparently extinct -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:351 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus fera Jurine 1825. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Geneva, Switzerland and France [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

feritus, Coregonus restrictus Fatio [V.] 1890:662, Pl. 22 I.D.7 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lake Morat, Switzerland. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus restrictus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:107 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus restrictus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Salmo Jardine [W.] 1835:55 [The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal v. 18 (art. 5) (for Oct. 1934); ref. 23043] Loch Awe, Loch Laggan, upper end of Loch Shin, Loch Loyal and Loch Assynt, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original says "... Salmo ferox, Jard. and Selby." Selby's contribution to the species decription is unknown, but see the footnote on p. 55. •Valid as Salmo ferox Jardine 1835 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:403 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ferox Jardine 1835. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: British Isles. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Salmo Perley [M. H.] 1852:196 [Descriptive catalogue [in part] of the fishes of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. 2nd edition; ref. 18532] Not an original description but an identification of Salmo ferox Jardine 1835 for eastern Canadian specimens; not available. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:227 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

ferra, Salmo maraena var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:76, 714 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Lake Constance, Switzerland. Lectotype: ZMB (lost). As Salmo muraeana [sic] ferra in Gmelin (not researched) -- Gmelin 1818:305 and with same lectotype designation as for Walbaum by Kottelat 1997:113 [ref. 22952]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:113 [ref. 22952] as the holotype of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784). •Objective synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784) -- (Kottelat 1997:113 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fibreni, Salmo Zerunian [S.] & Gandolfi [G.] 1990:523, Figs. 2-3 [Rivista de idrobiologia, Instituto di Idrobiologia e Pescicoltura G. B. Grassi dell'Università di Perugia v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 20104] Lake Posta Fibreno, Italy. Holotype: MSNM 3723. Paratypes: MSNM 3724-26 (2), 3727-28 (2). May date to 1991. •Questionably valid as Salmo fibreni Zerunian & Gandolfi 1990 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo fibreni Zerunian & Gandolfi 1990 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:415 [ref. 29996], Bianco 2013:6 [ref. 32897], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo fibreni Zerunian & Gandolfi 1990. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Lake Posta Fibreno and tributaries (Italy). Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriatus, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1908:232, Fig. 5 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 14349] Lough Coomasaharn in Kerry, Ireland. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.3.30.2. •Valid as Salvelinus fimbriatus Regan 1908 -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:437 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus fimbriatus Regan 1908. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lough Coomasaharn, Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

finnica, Coregonus albula var. Günther [A.] 1866:193 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Gulf of Finland. Syntypes: BMNH 1847.3.11.10-11 (2). •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:317 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:118 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

flavomaculatus, Thymallus grubii Knizhin [I. B.], Antonov [A. L.] & Weiss [S. J.] 2006:355 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 46 (no. 5); ref. 29044] Anyui River, tributary of the Lower Amur River basin, Russia. Holotype: ZMISU no. R-4 (male). Paratypes: ZMISU no. R-4 (female). Plus additional unlisted paratypes. •Synonym of Thymallus grubii Dybowski 1869, but a valid subspecies flavomaculatus Knizhin, Antonov & Weiss 2006 as described -- (Knizhin et al. 2007:136 [ref. 29043]). •Valid as Thymallus flavomaculatus Knizhin, Antonov & Weiss 2006 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Dyldin et al. 2017:113 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus flavomaculatus Knizhin, Antonov & Weiss 2006. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Upper reaches of tributaries of the lower Amur River, upstream to the Ussuri basin, and some large rivers flowing into the Sea of Okhotsk, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

fluvialis, Salvelinus leucomaenis Oshima [M.] 1961:21, Figs. 2, 9 [Japan Wildlife Bulletin v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 18500] Nishibetsu River, Kushiro River, Shikotsu Lake, Hakodate; Kitakami River, Abukuma River, Omono River; Mogami River; Hoki River, Shiobara. Misspelled fluvials in caption to Fig. 2. •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Dyldin & Orlov 2016:682 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluvialis, Trutta Dralet [É.-F.] 1821:18 [Considérations sur l'histoire naturelle des poissons, sur la pêche et les lois qui la régissent.; ref. 17418] No locality. No types known. Based on Rondelet. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Coregonus Isachenko [V. L.] 1925:3 [Trudy Sibirskoi ikhtiologicheskoi laboratorii = Reports Laboratory Ichtyological in Siberia v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 21479] Yenisei River drainage, Mana River, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:406 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). •Valid as Coregonus fluviatilis Isachenko 1925 -- (Bochkarev et al. 2017:924 [877] [ref. 35729]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus fluviatilis Isachenko 1925. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Yenisei River drainage, Siberia, Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fluviatilis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:359 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Transural rivers: Ob and Irtis, Jeniseam, Lena, Baikal, Witimo and Jenisea, Tutuchansk, Sowam. Lectotype: ZMB 23561. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:21 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:21 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:296 [ref. 12882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:13 [ref. 22798], Sideleva 2001:46 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815], Kottelat 2006:18 [ref. 28831], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Trutta Duhamel du Monceau [H. L.] 1773:202, Pl. II, fig. 2 [ ref. 35387] Published in a rejected work, see ICZN Opinion 859. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Spillmann 1961:43 [ref. 35397], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

fontanae, Coregonus Schulz [M.] & Freyhof [J.] 2003:212, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 14 (no. 3); ref. 27387] Lake Stechlin, Brandenburg, Germany, 53°09'N, 13°04'E. Holotype: ZFMK 22805. Paratypes: ZFMK 22806-22820 (15); ZMB 33328 (20). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Coregonus fontanae Schulz & Freyhof 2003 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:388 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus fontanae Schulz & Freyhof 2003. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Stechlin, Germany. Habitat: freshwater.

fontinalis, Baione DeKay [J. E.] 1842:244, Pl. 20 (fig. 58) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Spring in Rockland County, New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: New York State coll. (whereabouts unknown). This is independent of Salmo fontinalis Mitchill 1814 [now Salvelinus fontinalis] which DeKay treats on p. 235. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fontinalis, Salmo Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:12 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] Connetquot River, Connetquot River State Park, Long Island, New York, U.S.A., 40°47.1714'N, 073°10.1134'W. Neotype: PSU 11387. Neotype designated by Stauffer & King 2014:561 [ref. 35429]. Also in Mitchill 1815:435 [ref. 13292]. •Valid as Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Okada 1961:730 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:114 [ref. 22416], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:37 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:233 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:77 [ref. 23100], Robison & Buchanan 1988:127 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:141 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:132 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:86 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:53 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:48 [ref. 18983], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:722 [ref. 20764], Etnier & Starnes 1993:350 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:264 [ref. 24071], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], La Rivers 1994:264 [ref. 23389], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:575 [ref. 21581], Balon 1995:107 [ref. 22134], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Baxter & Stone 1995:192 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:240 [ref. 23376], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:86 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Mettee et al. 1996:427 [ref. 25836], Andersen & Deacon 1996:130 [ref. 24717], Sigler & Sigler 1996:208 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:98 [ref. 23144], Thurow et al. 1997:1106 [ref. 25523], Fuller et al. 1999:262 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:40 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:300 [ref. 25086], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:264 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:359 [ref. 25930], Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:179 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:197 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:300 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:300 [ref. 26449], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:100 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:157 [ref. 27882], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:160 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:313 [ref. 28804], Duhamel et al. 2005:118 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:415 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:456 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:326 [ref. 31199], Minckley & Marsh 2009:98 [ref. 31114], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:188 [ref. 31755], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:140 [ref. 33547], Sarmiento et al. 2014:189 [ref. 35004], Stauffer & King 2014:561 [ref. 35429], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Roberts 2015:416 [ref. 34244], Barbieri et al. 2015:85 [ref. 35029], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Afonso et al. 2016:25, 271 [ref. 36199], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089], Ćaleta et al. 2019:180 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North America. Widely introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

forestensis, Salmo fario var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:400 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Europe (several localities); Siberia, Russia. No types known. Species name corrected from faris in corrigenda. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

formosanus, Salmo Jordan [D. S.] & Oshima [M.] 1919:122, Fig. [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 71; ref. 10641] Taiko River at Saramao, Nanto, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): TMF. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291], Ho & Shao 2011:35 [ref. 31432]. Described first as Salmo saramao by Oshima in Jordan & Oshima 1919 (June), but that name has not been used and is regarded as a forgotten name of Salmo formosanus Jordan & Oshima 1919 (ICZN Opinion 2301, Ho & Gwo 2010:300 [ref. 31205]). The description of formosanus was issued 9 Sept. 1919. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:202 [ref. 12882] as masu, Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856), but a valid subspecies -- (Yue & Chen 1998:13 [ref. 26415], Gwo et al. 2008:778 [ref. 31607], Ho & Shao 2011:35 [ref. 31432], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus formosanus (Jordan & Oshima 1919) -- (Ho & Gwo 2010:300 [ref. 31205], and pers. comm. H. Ho, 7 July 2013). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus formosanus (Jordan & Oshima 1919). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Taiwan (landlocked). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gadoides, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:157, 224 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Trouville pond, near Rouen, France. No types known. Originally gadoïdes. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gaimardi, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:341 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Iceland. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3657 to 0000-3661 (5, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:304 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gairdnerii, Salmo Richardson [J.] (ex Gairdner) 1836:221 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Columbia River, western U.S.A. No types known. Original species spelling gairdnerii should be used. Dated 1836 by Fricke Jan. 15, 2016. •Valid as Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 [often as gairdneri] -- (Lee et al. 1980:106 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:78 [ref. 9277], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:154 [ref. 25473], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:37 [ref. 6441], Wang 1984:106 [ref. 22951], Robins & Ray 1986:76 [ref. 23100], Smith 1986:223 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:124 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:120 [ref. 25518] as gairdneri, Paxton et al. 1989:164 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:28 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556] as gairdneri, McAllister 1990:84 [ref. 14674], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:719 [ref. 20764], La Rivers 1994:300 [ref. 23389], Zhu 1995:10, 203 [ref. 25213], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Cheng & Zhou 1997:85 [ref. 26385] as gairdneri, Scott & Crossman 1998:184 [ref. 24570], Raju Thomas et al. 1999:200 [ref. 24210], Wang et al. 2001:64 [ref. 26566] as gairdneri). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Behnke 1992:175 [ref. 23385] as gairdneri, Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 266/83] as gairdneri, Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Fuller et al. 1999:250 [ref. 25838], Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:000 [ref. 31199] as gairdneri). •Valid as Parasalmo gairdneri (Richardson 1836) -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659]). •Synonym of Parasalmo mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Richardson 1836) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:204 [ref. 25968], Mundy 2005:162 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Richardson 1836) but a valid subspecies gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (Page & Burr 2011:412 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: East of the Cascade Range, Columbia River and Harney Basin, Western Canada south to Washington, Oregon and east to Idaho and Nevada (U.S.A.); introduced widely elsewhere [subspecies gairdnerii]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gallivensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:88, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Galway and Ballinahuich Fishery, Ireland. Syntypes: (at least 4, but not the hybrids) BMNH 1865.8.30.1-2 (2), 1865.8.30.3 (1), 1865.8.30.8 (1)., ?1865.8.30.4-7 (4). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gegarkuni, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:68, Pl. 7 (fig. 17) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (2) ZIN (not found in 1997). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:263 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, infrasp. gegarkuni Kessler 1877 -- (Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gemmifer, Leucichthys Snyder [J. O.] 1919:4, Fig. (p. 5) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 36 (Doc. 864) (for 1917-18); ref. 12338] Bear Lake near Fish Haven, Idaho, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 83498. Paratypes: (many) CAS-SU 37963 (4), 41806-08 (1, 28, 12); USNM 143470 [ex CAS-SU 37963] (5), 143471 (39). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Prosopium gemmifer (Snyder 1919) -- (Lee et al. 1980:100 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:45 [ref. 18983], Sigler & Sigler 1996:194 [ref. 25943], Fuller et al. 1999:255 [ref. 25838], Broughton 2000:649 [ref. 24593], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:391 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prosopium gemmifer (Snyder 1919). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Bear Lake, Idaho/Utah, U.S.A.; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

generosus, Coregonus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1875:791, Fig. [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1874; ref. 18543] Puls Lake at Bernstein, Neumark, Poland. Possible types: BMNH 1876.6.16.1-2 [ex ZMB] (2); ZMB 8706-07 (3, 1), 8709 (1), ZMB uncat. (parts). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:385 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

genivittatus, Salar Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:260, Fig. 144 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Isonzo and Adriatic Sea at mouth of Sala River, Dalmatia. Syntypes: ?ZMB 8184 (1). •Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

germanorum, Hucho Günther [A.] 1866:140 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Not available, name mentioned in passing under Salmo hucho Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:124 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonymy of Hucho hucho (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Hucho hucho (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

ghigii, Salmo Pomini [F. P.] 1941:39, Figs. 5-6 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 80 (no. 1); ref. 13071] Sagittario stream, Abruzzi, Italy. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897]). •Valid as Salmo ghigii Pomini 1941 -- (Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ghigii Pomini 1941. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Abruzzi (Italy). Habitat: freshwater.

gibber, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:409 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Kamchatka, Russia. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:307 [ref. 6363]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gibber, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:69 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Alternate name for Salmo gorbuscha. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gibber, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1859:6 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 1); ref. 18855] Anamio, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype (unique): USNM 1132. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo gibber Walbaum 1792. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

gibbsii, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1859:1 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 1); ref. 18855] Columbia River, Fort Dalles, Oregon, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 940 (skin). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies gairdnerii (Richardson 1836) -- (Behnke 1992:177 [ref. 23385] as gairdneri). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gilae, Salmo Miller [R. R.] 1950:ll, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 529; ref. 17703] Hatchery brood stock from Main Diamond Creek, Gila River basin, Gila Natl. Forest, Sierra County, New Mexico, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 137088. Paratypes: UMMZ 137089 (12 or 13), 137090 (62, now 55). •Valid as Salmo gilae Miller 1950 -- (Lee et al. 1980:107 [ref. 22416]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus gilae (Miller 1950), subspecies gilae -- (Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus gilae (Miller 1950) -- (Rinne 1990:189 [ref. 36245], Page & Burr 1991:54 [ref. 18983], Behnke 1992:212 [ref. 23385], Riddle et al. 1998:31 [ref. 23306], Fuller et al. 1999:246 [ref. 25838], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Minckley & Marsh 2009:87 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:414 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus gilae (Miller 1950). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Upper Gila River system, New Mexico and Arizona, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

gilberti, Salmo gairdneri var. Jordan [D. S.] 1894:143, Pl. [Biennial Report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California (1893-1894); ref. 12345] South Fork of Kern River, California, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 11511. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 11509 (1). Non-types: MCZ 29063 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established in Jordan & Evermann 1896:502 [ref. 2443] as SU 11511 but apparently in error, see Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies gilberti (Jordan 1894) as described -- (Behnke 1992:191 [ref. 23385], Fuller et al. 1999:250 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:272 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:413 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Kern River system, California, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gillaroo, Salmo Cuvier [G.] (ex Davy) 1831:191 [The animal kingdom, arranged according to its organization Vol. 2. Reptiles-fishes.; ref. 26487] Loch Con, northwestern Ireland. No types known. Described in a footnote. Salmonidae. Habitat: freshwater.

glacialis, Coregonus lavaretus pidschian natio Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:178 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Chroma R. and Labynkor Lake, Yakutia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

gloverii, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1854:86 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 18066] Upper affluent of Union River, Maine, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 3586 (1). •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571] as gloveri). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

goedenii, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1784:155, Pl. 102 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] Baltic Sea in Rügenwalde, Hinterpommern [now Darlowo, western Poland]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3710. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:124 [ref. 24282]. On p. 132 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gorbuscha, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:69 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Originally as Salmo gorbuscha, sive gibber. •Valid as Salmo gorbuscha Walbaum 1792 -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:226 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:182 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:307 [ref. 6363], Svetovidov 1973:146 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:378 [ref. 13675], Lee et al. 1980:92 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:76 [ref. 9277], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:39 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:221 [ref. 22186], Scott & Scott 1988:123 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:84 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:53 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:22 [ref. 26683], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Kim 1997:361 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:148 [ref. 24570], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:159 [ref. 24550], Fuller et al. 1999:246 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:66 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:303 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Nakabo 2002:303 [ref. 26001], Kim & Park 2002:280 [ref. 25913], Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:170 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:205 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:194, 530 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:266 [ref. 26449], Fedorov et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27579], Alekseyev et al. 2004:53 [ref. 27625] as gorbusha on p. 53, Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:152 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:399 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:256 [ref. 31199], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:346 [ref. 30085], Møller et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31169], Page & Burr 2011:402 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:21 [ref. 34694], Afonso et al. 2016:22, 236 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853], Kells et al. 2016:100 [ref. 35888], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and Arctic and adjacent basins; introduced in upper Great Lakes. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gracilior, Coregonus Regan [C. T.] 1906:181, Pl. 7 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 98) (art. 24); ref. 15705] Derwentwater Lake, Cumberland [Cumbria], England. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1905.10.28.26 (1), KMAG [Keswick Mus.] (4). •Synonym of Coregonus vandesius Richardson 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus vandesius Richardson 1837. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:182, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Gestrickland, Sweden. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.4.6.4-5 (2), 2012.12.6.1 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gracilis, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:265 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] La Mana River, French Guiana [almost certainly incorrect]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7577. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:301 [ref. 293] with remarks on locality. Salmonidae.

gracilis, Salmo Couch [J.] 1865:216, Pl. 216 [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 4; ref. 18055] Fowey harbor, U. K. Holotype: BMNH. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo gracilis Valenciennes 1848. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gracillimus, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1909:115, Fig. 2a [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14415] Loch of Girlsta, Tingwall, Shetlands, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1873.10.25.9 (1), 1907.6.24.1-3 (3). •Valid as Salvelinus gracillimus Regan 1909 -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:438 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus gracillimus Regan 1909. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Shetland Islands, western Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

grandoculus, Salmo Chiereghini [A. P.] in Ninni 1872:41 [Rivista critica delle specie dei pesci adriatici descritti nell'opera manoscritta dell'Ab. Stefano Chiereghini di Chioggia.; ref. 17995] Not available, Chiereghini name and manuscript quoted but name not treated as valid by Ninni. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

grayi, Salmo Günther [A.] 1862:51 [15], Pl. 7 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 1) (art. 6) (for 11 Feb. 1862); ref. 18215] Lough Melvinin Fermanagh, Ireland. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.7.26.3-4 (2); SMNS 1069 (1); ZMB 5004-05 (1, 1). On p. 15 of separate (not verified). Appeared first as name only as Salmo grayii as a remark on exhibited charrs, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1861:391. Also appeared in Günther 1863:12 [ref. 18217] as Salmo grayii. •Valid as Salvelinus grayi (Günther 1862) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:438 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus grayi (Günther 1862). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lough Melvin, Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

greeleyi, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:313 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Torch Lake, Antrim County Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96958. Paratypes: (70). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gritzenkoi, Salvelinus Vasil'eva [E. D.] & Stygar [V. M.] 2000:318, Figs. 1-2 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 49 (no. 4); ref. 25766] Lake Chernoye, Onekotan Island, northern Kuril Islands, Russia, (ca. 49°34'N, 154°50'E), depth 1-10 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-20537. Paratypes: ZMMGU P-20538 (12). •Valid as Salvelinus gritzenkoi Vasil'eva & Stygar 2000 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:163 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus gritzenkoi Vasil'eva & Stygar 2000. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Kuril Islands, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

grubii, Thymallus Dybowski [B. N.] 1869:955, Pl. 18 (fig. 9) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 19; ref. 1169] Onon and Ingoda rivers, Amur River basin, Russia. See Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831] for remarks on systematics. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1892.11.24.6 [ex ZIN] (1) Lake Marru-Kul, ?BMNH uncat. (1). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:430 [ref. 12882] as grubei, Zhu 1995:12 [ref. 25213] as grubei, Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:14 [ref. 22798], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702] as grubei, Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573] as grubei Yue & Chen 1998:44 [ref. 26415] as grubei, Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477] as grubei). •Valid as Thymallus grubii subspecies grubii Dybowski 1869 -- (Knizhin et al. 2006:581 [ref. 29044], Knizhin et al. 2007:136 [ref. 29043]). •Valid as Thymallus grubii Dybowski 1869 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:148 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:52 [ref. 28933], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Dyldin et al. 2017:113 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus grubii Dybowski 1869. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Amur River basin: Mongolia, Russia and China. Habitat: freshwater.

gulliveri, Coregonus clupeaformis Koelz [W.] 1931:380 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Gulliver Lake, Schoolcraft County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96974. Paratypes: (4). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1986:214 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gutturosa, Salmo muraena Gmelin [C. C.] 1818:305 [Gemeinnützige systematische Naturgeschichte der Fische; ref. 22955] Several European localities. No types known. Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the name to one of the original sources (Wartmann 1783, Lake Constance), but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Valid as Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818) but extinct -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:180 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:362 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Constance: Switzerland, Germany and Austria [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

gymnogaster, Thymalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:446, Pl. 626 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Neva River at St. Petersburg, Russia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3665 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293]. Original genus should have been Thymallus. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:49 [ref. 23573]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gymnothorax, Thymalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:445, Pl. 625 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Berlin, Germany; Russia. Syntypes: MNHN. Original genus should have been Thymallus. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:431 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

haberi, Oncorhynchus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1876:26 [Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens. v. 2; ref. 18290] Fish market, Hokkaido and Yokohama, Japan. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okamura & Machida 1986:25 [ref. 22278], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hamatus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:303 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Europe. Possible syntypes: MNHN 0000-0777 (1), A-1064 (1), A-8841 (1, dry), A-8553 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:301-302 [ref. 293]. Based on Bloch, Pl. 98. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:497 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hankinsoni, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:323 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Oneida Lake, New York, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 52775. Paratypes: MCZ 32688 [ex UMMZ] (1), UMMZ (not researched). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hardinii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:107 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.11.9.14 (1). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

harengus, Salmo (Coregonus) Richardson [J.] 1836:210, Pl. 90 (figs. 2a-b) [Part 3; ref. 3731] Penetanguishene, Ontario, Canada. Syntypes: (many) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hartmannianus, Coregonus Gistel [J.] 1848:105 [Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs; ref. 1822] Apparently no distinguishing features provided, not available; from Europe. Also in Gistel 1850:344 (not investigated). •In the synonymy of Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818) -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

hautin, Tripteronotus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:47, 48 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Antwerp, Belgium. No types known. Based on pre-Linnaean Rondelet description. •Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hearnei, Prosopium Fowler [H. W.] 1948:146, Figs. 12-15 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 100; ref. 13052] Northwestern extremity of Nueltin Lake, Windy River, 1/4 mile above mouth, southwestern Keewatin, Northwest Territories, Canada. Holotype: ANSP 71742 [not 71743]. Paratypes: ANSP 71743-44 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

hearnii, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1823:706 [2] [Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea; ref. 18624] Bloody Fall, Coppermine River, 67°N. No types known. On p. 2 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:288 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

heglingus, Coregonus Schinz [H. R.] 1822:275 [Das Thierreich v. 2; ref. 3926] Lake Zürich, Switzerland. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784) -- (Daget 1968:1058 [ref. 26392]). •Valid as Coregonus heglingus Schinz 1822 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:361 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus heglingus Schinz 1822. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

helveticus, Coregonus schinzii Fatio [V.] 1890:222 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lakes Constance, Lucerne, Thoumem Brienz, Zoug, Switzerland. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Coregonus schinzii alpinus Fatio 1890. •Synonym of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

henshawi, Salmo Gill [T. N.] & Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan 1878:358 [Manual of the vertebrates of the northern United States (second edition); ref. 2376] Lake Tahoe and streams of California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 17086 (1), 21083 (1), 23467 (1), 107328 (2). Author is T. N. Gill. •Synonym of Salmo clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies henshawi (Gill & Jordan 1878) -- (La Rivers 1994:281 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies henshawi -- (Behnke 1992:73, 111 [ref. 23385], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Moyle 2002:288 [ref. 26449] as clarki, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:57 [ref. 27816] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Trotter & Behnke 2008:63 [ref. 30146], Page & Burr 2011:408 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lahontan basin, southeastern Oregon, western Nevada and eastern California (U.S.A); stocked in Washington, California and Nevada [subspecies henshawi]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hiemalis, Corregonus Jurine [L.] 1825:200?, Pl. 8 [Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 18368] Lake Léman [Lake Geneva], Switzerland and France. No types known. Original genus should have been Coregonus. Species name misspelled hyemalis by Cuvier 1831:226 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Coregonus hiemalis Jurine 1825, but apparently extinct -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:353 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus hiemalis Jurine 1825. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lakes Geneva, France [extenct]. Habitat: freshwater.

hisutch, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] See Salmo kisatch. Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hoferi, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] 1933:130 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Lake Chiemsee, Germany. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Based on Coregonus wartmanni (non Bloch 1784) of Vogt & Hofer 1909:333 [ref. 18296]. •Valid as Coregonus hoferi Berg 1933 (often dated 1932) -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:181 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:367 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus hoferi Berg 1933. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Chiemsee, Germany [probably extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

holsata, Coregonus maraena Thienemann [A.] 1916:99, Figured (gill complex only) [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 48 (nos 4-5); ref. 15081] Lake Selenter near Lütjenburg, Holstein, Germany. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Might be at ZSM. Name should have been holsatus. Types might be at ZSM according to Neumann email 2/20/2017. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies holsatus Thienemann 1916 -- (Berg 1948:383 [ref. 12882]). •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Coregonus holsatus Thienemann 1916 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:372 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus holsatus Thienemann 1916. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Drewitz, Germany [extinct at the type locality Lake Saal]. Habitat: freshwater.

hoodii, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1835:LVIII [Narrative of a second voyage in search of a northwest passage; ref. 18625] Fort Enterprise, Pine Island Lake. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hoyi, Argyrosomus Milner [J. W.] 1874:86 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 2 (for 1872-1873); ref. 17704] Syntypes: USNM 8902 (2) Hoy specimens, 35344 (1) a Milner specimen. Appeared first without distinguishing features (unavailable) in Hoy (ex Gill) 1872:99 [ref. 18119]. Lectotype designation by Koelz 1929 probably invalid. Appeared in Jordan (ex Gill) 1875:135 et seq., but apparently this is predated by Milner (and perhaps not the same species). If Milner was first, then the type is USNM 10756 from Outer I., Wisconsin, Lake Superior. The USNM lists USNM 8902 (2) and 35344 (1) as types. •Valid as Coregonus hoyi (Milner 1874) [usually with Gill as author] -- (Lee et al. 1980:81 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:80 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:44 [ref. 18983], Scott & Crossman 1998:246 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:39 [ref. 26594], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:389 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus hoyi (Milner 1874). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Eastern North America; Great Lakes (except Erie). Habitat: freshwater.

hubbsi, Leucichthys Koelz [W.] 1929:1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 204; ref. 15905] Ives Lake, Lake Superior basin, Marquette County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 81678. Paratypes: (96) UMMZ 81674 (24), 81686 (1); USNM 117482 (5). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818, but a valid subspecies or a valid species and possibly extinct (see Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hucho, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Bavaria and Austria. No types known. •Valid as Hucho hucho (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:292 [ref. 12882], Hensel & Holčík 1983:68 [ref. 36467], Lelek 1987:118 [ref. 22962], Stearley & Smith 1993:20 [ref. 26683], Holcík 1995 [ref. 22133], Kottelat 1997:124 [ref. 22952], Fuller et al. 1999:485 [ref. 25838], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:151 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:164 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:316 [ref. 28804], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:396 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Ćaleta et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34877], Ćaleta et al. 2019:176 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Hucho hucho (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Europe: Danube River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

hudsonicus, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:310 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Hudson Bay and tributaries, New York, U.S.A.; Labrador and Newfoundland, Canada. Syntypes: (several) USNM 3594 (2). •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Scott & Scott 1988:137 [ref. 25518], La Rivers 1994:264 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:213 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

humboldtensis, Oncorhynchus clarkii Trotter [P. C.] & Behnke [R. J.] 2008:60, no specimen fig. [Western North American Naturalist v. 68 (no. 1); ref. 30146] Headwaters of the South Fork Little Humboldt River, ca. 8 kilometers west of Midas, Elko County, Nevada. Holotype: CAS 2256 [?22562]. Paratypes: CAS 22562 (12). Plus additional material [considered here as non-types]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies humboldtensis Trotter & Behnke 2008 as described. Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Humboldt River drainage, Nevada and Oregon, U.S.A. [subspecies humboldtensis]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

humilis, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:190, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.5.1.7-8 (2), 1863.5.1.9 (1), 1856.12.10.380 (1, skin). •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

huntsmani, Coregonus Scott [W. B.] 1987:1856 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 65 (no. 7); ref. 22184] Replacement name for Coregonus canadensis Scott 1967, preoccupied by Coregonus nasus canadensis Berg 1932. •Valid as Coregonus huntsmani Scott 1987 -- (Scott & Scott 1988:121 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:80 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:41 [ref. 18983], Goodchild 2002:623 [ref. 26240], Edge & Gilhen 2002:635 [ref. 26239], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:385 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus huntsmani Scott 1987. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Nova Scotia, Canada. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

huronicus, Cristivomer namaycush Hubbs [C. L.] 1930:426 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 11 (for 1929); ref. 26693] Rush Lake, Marquette County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 81618. Paratypes: UMMZ 80510-80514 (5), 80518 (1). Appeared first without descriptive taxonomic characters in Hubbs 1929:155 [ref. 18487]. Also appeared in Hubbs & Lagler 1941:36 [ref. 11747] and later editions of the same work; dates to 1930 as above. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

huronicus, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:317 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Rush Lake, Marquette County Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96959. Paratypes: (18) UMMZ 81615 (4), 81643 (10). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

huronius, Argyrosomus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1909:167, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1662); ref. 10578] Lake Erie at Port Stanley, Ontario, Canada. Holotype: USNM 62516. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13082 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hybridus, Oncorhynchus Oshima [M.] 1959:260, Fig. [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 68 (no. 7); ref. 12013] Not available, a scientific name based on a hybrid from Gifu Pref., Japan. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

hybridus, Salmo Smitt [F. A.] 1886:111 et seq. [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 18730] Yngern, Sweden. Syntypes: NRM (not found). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hypselorhynchi, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1892:902 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Not intended as a specific name, not available; from Lake Vättern, Sweden. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

icimus, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:156, 218 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Greenland. No types known. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

illanca, Salmo Wartmann [B.] 1783:55 [Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde v. 4; ref. 17831] Germany. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

illanken, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:152, 182 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Lake Constance, Switzerland. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

imandrae, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] (ex Krogius) 1933:847 [Fauna de l'U.R.S.S. v. 3; ref. 5569] Lake Imandra and its basin, Murmansk, Russia. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:384 [ref. 12882]). •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

imbrius, Salvelinus Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Hubbs 1925:142, Pls. 7 (fig. 3), 8 (fig. 15) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Stream near Hamada, in Iwami, southwestern Japan. Holotype: FMNH 58692 [ex CM 7797]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:53 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Salvelinus imbrius Jordan & McGregor 1925 -- (Okada 1961:336 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), but as a separate form -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:37 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:128 [ref. 25598]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies imbrius Jordan & McGregor 1925 -- (Nakabo 2000:301 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:301 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Dyldin & Orlov 2016:682 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

immaculatus, Salmo Storer [H. R.] 1850:264 [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 6 (no. 2) (art. 15); ref. 18109] Brook flowing into Red Bay, Labrador, Canada. Holotype (unique): ?MCZ 32955 [ex BSNH 502]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:497 [ref. 24571]). •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:213 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

inarensis, Coregonus fera forma Järvi [T. H.] 1928:29, Pl. 4 (figs. 19-20) [Acta Zoologica Fennica v. 5; ref. 19622] Lake Inari at mouth of rivers Juutuan and Niipi and at Virtaniemi, Lake Muddus, Finland. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:398, footnote [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

inframundus, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1909:116 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14415] Hellyal Lake, Hoy Island, Orkneys, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.9.26.1-2 (2). •Valid as Salvelinus inframundus Regan 1909, but apparently extinct -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:439 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus inframundus Regan 1909. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Orkney Islands and Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

inghaghitsh, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:73 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. •Doubtfully the same as Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:448 [ref. 12882] in Osmeridae). •In Coregoninae -- (McAllister 1963:42 [ref. 8075]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

intermedia, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:438 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes in Switzerland. Name also appeared on pp. 442 and 450. •In the synonymy of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

iridea, Salmo Gibbons [W. P.] 1855:[2] col. 6 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 4 (no. 17); ref. 18107] San Leandro Creek, Alameda County, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?USNM 594 (1), ?USNM 228615 (2). Appeared first as above on 30 Mar.; then in Ayres 1855:36 [ref. 18107]. Emended to Salmo irideus by Günther 1866:119 [ref. 1983]. •Valid as Salmo irideus Gibbons 1855 -- (Okada 1961:724 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:215 [ref. 25473], Smith 1986:228 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:191 [ref. 24570] as gairdneri). •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1837 but a valid subspecies iridius Gibbons 1855 -- (Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], La Rivers 1994:306 [ref. 23389], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359] as irredius). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Sigler & Sigler 1996:177 [ref. 25943], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:204 [ref. 25968], Minckley & Marsh 2009:90 [ref. 31114]). •Synonym of Parasalmo mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies irideus -- (Behnke 1992:191 [ref. 23385], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Fuller et al. 1999:250 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:272 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:275 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:411 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: West of the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada along the Pacific Coast, Alaska, Canada and to southern California, U.S.A. [subspecies irideus]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ischchan, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:65, Pl. 4 (fig. 16) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (6) ZIN ?2867 (1). •Valid as Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:259 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211]). •Valid as Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, subspecies ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Sevan Lake basin, Armenia. Habitat: freshwater.

ishikawae, Hucho Mori [T.] 1928:55 [9] [Journal of the Chosen Natural History Society No. 6; ref. 15861] Kozan, upper reaches of Yalu River, Korea. Holotype: not researched. On p. 9 of separate. The spelling ishikawae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using ishikawae. •Valid as Hucho ishikawae Mori 1928 -- (Berg 1948:298 [ref. 12882], Kim 1997:364 [ref. 24032], Kim & Park 2002:288 [ref. 25913], Choi et al. 2003:194, 530 [ref. 26218], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hucho ishikawae Mori 1928. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Korea and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

ishikawae, Oncorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Hubbs 1925:132, Pls. 6 (fig. 1), 8 (fig. 6) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Lake Biwa, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 58682 [ex CM 7786]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:52 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:62 [ref. 12367]. The spelling ishikawae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:202 [ref. 12882] as masu, Okada 1961:317 [ref. 6363], see also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574]). •Synonym of Salmo masou Brevoort 1856, but a valid subspecies -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:180 [ref. 25598]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856), but a valid subspecies ishikawae -- (Sato et al. 1998:38 [ref. 24972], Mizuno et al. 1999:7 [ref. 25311], Nakabo 2000:304 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:24 [ref. 26000], Shimizu 2001:21 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:304 [ref. 26001], Gwo et al. 2008:778 [ref. 31607], Kano et al. 2010:78 [ref. 33818]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

islayensis, Salmo Thomson [J.] 1873:86 [Hardwicke's Science -- Gossip: an illustrated medium of interchange and gossip. London v. 8 (no. 83) (for 1872); ref. 19841] Loch Na-Maorichen, Islay Island, U. K. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

iwame, Oncorhynchus Kimura [S.] & Nakamura [M.] 1961:69, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 9358] Mennotsura valley, Ono River system, Sirozu, Takeda City, Oita Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan. Holotype: LFBKU Ki-508. Paratypes: LFBKU (19). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Kano et al. 2010:78 [ref. 33818]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

jacuticus, Salvelinus Borisov [P. G.] 1935:1, Pl. 1 [Trudy Soveta po izecheniiu proizvodel'nykh sil. Seriia iakutskaia / Akademiia nauk SSSR. No. 3; ref. 13874] Lake Aranastakh, lower parts of Lena River, 71°48'N, 128°42'E, northern Siberia, Russia. Lectotype: ZIN 22022 (1 of 2, male). Paralectotypes: (71) 22022 (1 of 2, female). Lectotype established in Berg 1948:287 [ref. 12882]. See also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574] •Valid as Salvelinus jacuticus Borisov 1935 -- (Berg 1948:287 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:161 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus jacuticus Borisov 1935. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

japonensis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:382 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Kuril Islands and Amur River. Lectotype: ZMB 23548 (dry). Paralectotypes: NMW 91112 (1); ZMB 23565 (1). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:16 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:173 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:311 [ref. 6363] with question, Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

japonicus, Salvelinus Oshima [M.] 1961:49, Figs. 5-6 [Japan Wildlife Bulletin v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 18500] Doshi River, Sasago River, Nikkawa, Arakawa, Sanbu, Wodaki, Yamanokuchi, Ado, Kusatsu, Echi, Kumano, and Hidaka rivers. Syntypes: Gifu Pref. Fish. Exper. Station Hagiwara. •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), but as a separate form -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:37 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:124 [ref. 25598]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies -- (Nakabo 2000:301 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:301 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Dyldin & Orlov 2016:682 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

jarvii, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] 1933:126 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Lakes Leppävesi, Lievestuore and Keitele, Finland; Gulf of Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original as järvii. Based on Coregonus wartmanni (part: non Bloch 1784) of Järvi 1928:46, 51 [ref. 19622]. •Status unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

jenisejensis, Coregonus autumnalis Smitt [F. A.] 1883:37 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Jenissei [Jenisej], Russia. No types known. Original not seen. Also appeared in "Great International Fisheries Expedition, London 1883. Sweden. Special Catalogue" on p. 188. Also appeared in Smitt 1886:235 [ref. 18730]. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

johannae, Argyrosomus Wagner [G.] 1910:957 [Science (new series) v. 31 (no. 807); ref. 14823] Lake Michigan, 18 miles off Racine, Wisconsin, U.S.A., depth 25 fathoms. Holotype: Wisconsin Geol. & Nat. Hist. Surv. 372d. Paratypes: WGNHS 372a-c (3), 372e (1), 538a-c (3), 538e (1). •Valid as Coregonus johannae (Wagner 1910) -- (Lee et al. 1980:82 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:80 [ref. 14674], Scott & Crossman 1998:250 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:39 [ref. 26594], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:145 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:386 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus johannae (Wagner 1910). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Northeastern North America: lakes Michigan and Huron [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

jordani, Salmo clarki Meek [S. E.] 1899:229 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 1 (no. 12); ref. 17626] Lake Southerland, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: FMNH 2012. Paratypes: FMNH 2000-01 (2), 2002-11 (10), 2013-20 (8), 2021 (1), 2022 (now 0), 2023 (1), 2007 (1); UMMZ 162484 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) -- (Behnke 1992:64 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

jucagiricus, Coregonus lavaretus pidschian forma Dryagin [P. A.] in Berg 1932:257 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Kolyma, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:409 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

jurassica, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:394 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lakes Neuchâtel, Bienne and Morat, Switzerland. •In the synonymy of Coregonus palaea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:107 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus palaea Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

kamensis, Thymallus thymallus Lukasch [B. S.] 1929:7 [Trudy Vseukogo Naucno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Kraevedenija. v. 5; ref. 21751] Upper reaches of the Kama River, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:432 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kamloops, Oncorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] 1892:405 [Forest and Stream & Rod and Gun, The American Sportman's Journal v. 39 (no. 19); ref. 12342] Kamloops Lake, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype: USNM 44238. Paratypes: CAS-SU 10803 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. Appeared as Salmo kamloops in the article just before the description. Also appeared as Salmo kamloops in Jordan 1892:60, Fig. [ref. 10489, with nearly identical text]. Earliest not researched. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1837, but a valid subspecies -- (La Rivers 1994:300 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies gairdnerii (Richardson 1836) -- (Behnke 1992:177 [ref. 23385] as gairdneri). •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1837 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:191 [ref. 24570] as gairdneri). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Sigler & Sigler 1996:177 [ref. 25943]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

karelica, Coregonus lavaretus holsatus forma Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:226, Pl. 12 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Spelled carelicus on Pl. 12. Not available, infrasubspecific; validated by Berg 1948; from lakes Pyalozero and Syamozero, Lake Onega basin, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies karelicus (Berg 1948) -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

karelicus, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] 1948:377 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Lakes Pyalozero and Syamozero, Lake Onega basin, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 25591 (3). Based on infrasubspecific Coregonus lavaretus holsatus forma karelica Pravdin 1931 -- (see Kottelatv 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Available as a subspecies as above. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

kawamurae, Oncorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Hubbs 1925:128, Pls. 5 (fig. 3), 8 (fig. 5) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Lake Tazawa, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 58681 [ex CM 7785]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 24107 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:53 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:62 [ref. 12367]. Thought to be extinct since WWII, but found alive in 2010 [ref. 31230]. •Questionably a synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:30 3 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Nakabo 2000:302 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:302 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus kawamurae Jordan & McGregor 1925 -- (Nakabo et al. 2011:180 [ref. 31230], Hosoya 2011:191 [ref. 31626]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus kawamurae Jordan & McGregor 1925. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Extinct in Lake Tazawa, but present in Lake Saiko, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kayko, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:72 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Appeared as Salmo keta vel kayko. Alternate name for Salmo keta. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:157 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kennerlyi, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:307 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Lake Chiloweyuck, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) USNM 2006 (1), 2072 (1), 2077 (2). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:196 [ref. 12882]). •See also Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:302 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:251 [ref. 23389], Baxter & Stone 1995:185 [ref. 23374], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:171 [ref. 24570], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Moyle 2002:263 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kennicotti, Coregonus Milner [J. W.] in Jordan & Gilbert 1883:298 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 16; ref. 2476] Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories, Canada; Yucon River, Alaska, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 8971 (1), 9600 (?). •Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:280 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:185 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kessleri, Coregonus ludoga var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:XXXI [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Name only, not available. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:374 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

keta, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:72 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Rivers of Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Originally Salmo keta vel kayko. Spelled kita by Donndorff 1798:648 [ref. 17407]. •Valid as Salmo keta Walbaum 1792 -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:210 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:173 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:311 [ref. 6363], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:93 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:76 [ref. 9277], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:379 [ref. 13675], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:39 [ref. 6441], Okamura & Machida 1986:25 [ref. 22278], Pequeño 1989:28 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:84 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:52 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:22 [ref. 26683], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Kim 1997:359 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:153 [ref. 24570], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Fuller et al. 1999:247 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Nakabo 2000:302 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Matsuura et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26000], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:82 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Kim & Park 2002:278 [ref. 25913] as Onchorhynchus, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:208 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:302 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:194, 530 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:268 [ref. 26449], Hagiwara 2003:37 [ref. 27188], Fedorov et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27579], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:68 [ref. 27816], Alekseyev et al. 2004:53 [ref. 27625], Goryainov & Lysenko 2004:176 [ref. 27731], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:152 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:260 [ref. 31199], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:346 [ref. 30085], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Page & Burr 2011:401 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:890 [ref. 34062], Pietsch & Orr 2015:22 [ref. 34694], Afonso et al. 2016:22, 237 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853], Kells et al. 2016:100 [ref. 35888], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36089], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and Arctic; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kiletz, Coregonus albula var. Michailovsky [M.] 1903:347 [Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Akademii Nauk SSSR. v. 8; ref. 15191] Onega Lake, northwestern Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 12793 (3). •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:325 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies kiletz Michailovsky 1903 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:134 [ref. 28183]). •Valid as Coregonus kiletz Michailovsky 1903 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:388 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus kiletz Michailovsky 1903. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Onega, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

killinensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:699, Pl. 40 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 3) (art. 10) (for 28 Nov. 1865); ref. 18218] Loch Killin, Inverness-shire, Scotland. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.10.18.15-18 (4), ZMB 8330 [ex BMNH] (1). •Valid as Salvelinus killinensis (Günther 1866) -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:439 [ref. 29996]) Current status: Valid as Salvelinus killinensis (Günther 1866). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Loch Killin, Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

kilone, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:77 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Lake Segozero, Karelia, Russia. No types known. Original not seen. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

kisatch, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:70 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Rivers and Lakes of Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Originally hisutch; changed in emendanda (p. 720) from hisatch to kisatch. The name kisutch is generally used (probably incorrectly, but should be retained following the 4th edition (1999) of the Code of Zoological Nomenclature). Based on "Kysutch, or Bjelaya ryba, or White fish of the Russians" of Pennant 1784:cxxv [ref. 18530]. We suggest maintaining current usage as kisutch. •Valid as Salmo kisutch Walbaum 1792 -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:202 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:196 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:314 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:94 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:77 [ref. 9277], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:380 [ref. 13675], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:40 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:222 [ref. 22186], Scott & Scott 1988:124 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:28 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:84 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:48 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:53 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:22 [ref. 26683], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Kim 1997:515 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694] as kusutch, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:158 [ref. 24570], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:159 [ref. 24550], Fuller et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:48 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:303 [ref. 25086], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:83 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Kim & Park 2002:285 [ref. 25913], Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:172 [ref. 26158], Nakabo 2002:303 [ref. 26001], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:206 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:194, 530 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:245 [ref. 26449], Fedorov et al. 2003:38 [ref. 27579], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:70 [ref. 27816], Alekseyev et al. 2004:53 [ref. 27625], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:152 [ref. 28183], Duhamel et al. 2005:102 [ref. 32059], Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:268 [ref. 31199], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:347 [ref. 30085], Minckley & Marsh 2009:94 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:402 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:22 [ref. 34694], Barbieri et al. 2015:81 [ref. 35029], Afonso et al. 2016:22, 238 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853], Kells et al. 2016:100 [ref. 35888], Nión et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35565] as cf. kisutch, Burton & Lea 2019:41 [ref. 37205], Ćaleta et al. 2019:176 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108] as kisatch). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and Arctic; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kisutch, Oncorhynchus See Salmo kisatch. Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

kiyi, Leucichthys Koelz [W.] 1921:1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 104; ref. 15317] Lake Michigan, 12 miles east by south of mouth of Sturgeon Bay ship channel, Wisconsin, U.S.A., depth about 60 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 84100. Paratypes: ANSP 90624 (1), 123464 (1); FMNH 13935-36 (2); UMMZ (many); USNM 88352 (1), 117485 (2), 117487 [ex UMMZ] (12). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:52 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Coregonus kiyi (Koelz 1921) -- (Lee et al. 1980:78 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:215 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:43 [ref. 18983], Scott & Crossman 1998:252 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:39 [ref. 26594], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:146 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Page & Burr 2011:389 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus kiyi (Koelz 1921). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Northeastern North America: originally Great Lakes (except Erie). Habitat: freshwater.

knipowitschi, Coregonus lavaretus imandrae infra. Krogius [F. V.] in Berg 1933:847 [Fauna de l'U.R.S.S. v. 3; ref. 5569] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Imandra, Murmansk, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:389 [ref. 12882]). •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

kottelati, Salmo Turan [M.], Doğan [E.], Kaya [C.] & Kanyılmaz [M.] 2014:138, Fig. 1 [ZooKeys No. 462; ref. 33615] Antalya Province: Altınyaka village; Alakır Stream (40°35.32'N, 40°51.50'E), Turkey. Holotype: FFR 03180. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo kottelati Turan, Doğan, Kaya & Kanyılmaz 2014 -- (Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo kottelati Turan, Doğan, Kaya & Kanyılmaz 2014. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Alakır Stream (Mediterranean tributary), Antalya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

kozovi, Thymallus brevirostris Dashdorj [A.], Dulmaa [A.] & Tsendayush [A.] 1968:40 [Proceedings of the Mongolian Academy of Science, Environmental Science v. 4; ref. 28832] Mongolia, Lakes Khoton and Khrogon. Original not yet seen. •Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879 -- (but see Dorofeeva 1998:49 [ref. 23573], Kottelat 2006:25 [ref. 28831]). •See Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus brevirostris Kessler 1879. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

krascheninnikovi, Salvelinus malma Taranetz [A. Ya.] 1933:83 [1] [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad v. 2; ref. 16528] Southern Okhotsk Sea and Sea of Japan. Syntypes: not at ZIN. On p. 1 of separate. See Lee et al. 1980:115 [ref. 22416]. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:290 [ref. 12882], Alekseyev et al. 2004:44 [ref. 27625]). •Valid as Salvelinus krascheninnikovi Taranetz 1933 [sometimes as kraschennikovi, krasheninnikovi or kraschennikova] -- (Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574], Gritsenko et al. 1998:193 [ref. 24673], Nakabo 2000:301 [ref. 25086], Vasil'eva & Stygar 2000:320 [ref. 25766] Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Nakabo 2002:301 [ref. 26001]). •Questionably a synonym of Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650]). •Valid as Salvelinus malma krascheninnkovi (Oleinik et al. 2015: 63 [62] [ref. 33831]). •Synonym of Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:681 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus curilus (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

krkensis, Trutta obtusirostris Karaman [S.] 1927:259, Fig. 4 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 2 (nos 1-2); ref. 15859] Krka River at Knin, Croatia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079]). •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). •Valid as Salmo krkensis (Karaman 1927) -- (Zupančič 2008:64 [ref. 29926]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

krogiusae, Salvelinus Glubokovsky [M. K.] & Chereshnev [I. A.] 2002:372, Figs. 49-51 [Salmonoid fishes in Russian north-east; ref. 33974] Dal'nee Lake [landlocked], Kamchatka, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 46988. Name first used without description in unpublished doctoral dissertation of Glubokovsky 1990, then mentioned in Glubokovsky et al. 1993:169, figs. 3-5 [ref. 31681]; name available as above. •Valid as Salvelinus krogiusae Glubokovsky & Chereshnev 2002 -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:99 [ref. 26736] , Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:161 [ref. 28183], Frolov 2005:1401 [ref. 31790], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus krogiusae Glubokovsky & Chereshnev 2002. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Dal'nee Lake, Paratunka River basin, Kamchatka, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

kronocius, Salvelinus Viktorovsky [R. M.] 1978:64, Fig. 1 opp. p. 15 [Mechanisms of species formation in charr of Lake Kronotskoye; ref. 8202] Tributary to Lake Kronotskoye, Kamchatka, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 41397. Paratypes: ZIN 40485 (4), 40728-30 (1, 1, 3), 41198-200 (1, 1, 1), 41398-400 (2, 2, 2), 45493 (9). See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574]. •Valid as Salvelinus kronocius Viktorovsky 1978 -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:100 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:163 [ref. 28183], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus kronocius Viktorovsky 1978. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

kujtoseri, Coregonus lavaretus pravdininaus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Kuyto, Karelia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

kujtosericus, Coregonus lavaretus palasi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:74 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Apparently infrasubspecific and not available. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

kukkoneni, Coregonus lavaretus arnoldi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Pyazero, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

kundscha, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1776:706 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Kara River, Europe. No types known. Original as "Salmo (Truttac.) kundscha." •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:270 [ref. 12882] as kundsha, Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kundsha, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1793:40, 676 [Voyages de M. P. S. Pallas; ref. 18505] North Seas. No types known. Name might appear earlier in Pallas' original German edition [ref. 18509]. Page 676 is part of an appendix (in v. 4) in which species accounts also refer to earlier page numbers. Plates not seen. Original as "Salmo (Truttac.) kundsha." Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

kunsha, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:66 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] On Salmo kundsha Pallas. Incorrect subsequent spelling of kundsha Pallas, corrected in emmenda. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

kutcheri, Coregonus pavaretus pallasi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Topozero and Pyaozero lakes. Species should have been pallasii. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

kuznetzovi, Salvelinus malma infra. Taranetz [A. Ya.] 1933:83 [1] [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad v. 2; ref. 16528] Ushki Lake, Kamchatka River basin, Kamchatka, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 26888 (2). On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:292 [ref. 12882]). •Valid as Salvelinus kuznetzovi Taranetz 1933 -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:161 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus kuznetzovi Taranetz 1933. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kysutsch, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:407 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Rivers and lakes of Kamchatka, Russia. Based on "Kysutch, or Bjelaya ryba, or White fish of the Russians" of Pennant 1784:cxxv [ref. 18530]. Unnecessary replacement name for Salmo kisutch Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

labecula, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2012:226, Fig. 2c, 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32276] Nigde province, Ecemis Stream at Çamardı county, Seyhan River drainage, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3056. Paratypes: CMK 22399 (3); FFR 3057 (6), 3058 (5), 3059 (5). •Valid as Salmo labecula Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012 -- (Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo labecula Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Seyhan River basin (Mediterranean tributary), Nigde Province. Habitat: freshwater.

labradoricus, Salmo (Coregonus) Richardson [J.] 1836:206 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Musquaw River that falls into Gulf of St. Lawrence near Mingan Island, Canada. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1986:214 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:277 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

labrax, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:346 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Sivastopol and Biyuk-ozen River; Chersones; and Ochakov, Crimea, Ukraine. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:239 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:383 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:109 [ref. 22962], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Parin et al. 2014:138 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kalyci et al. 2018:803 [ref. 36785]). •Valid as Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:40 [ref. 26753], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Fricke et al. 2007:55 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:429 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Ćaleta et al. 2019:178 [ref. 37026], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:32 [ref. 36599] as cf. labrax). Current status: Valid as Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Black Sea and adjacent watersheds; introduced in Tigris-Euphrates watersheds. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacepedei, Coregonus Parnell [R.] 1838:162, Pl. 6 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 1 (no. 3) (art. 16); ref. 18523] Loch Lomond, western Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Coregonus cepedii Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:503 [ref. 1013] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:124 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lacuslunae, Coregonus lavaretus fera natio Berg [L. S.] 1932:129 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Original as lucus-lunae. Infrasubspecific, not available; from Mondsee, Austria. •In the synonymy of Coregonus atterensis Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat 1997:114 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus atterensis Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lacustris, Coregonus lavaretus lavaretoides natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:227 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Logmozero and adjacents lakes, Onega Lake basin, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:383 [ref. 12882]). •In the synonymy of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lacustris, Coregonus muksun morpha Ostroumov [N. A.] 1937:77 [Trudy Polyarnoi Komissii (no. 30); ref. 19613] Not available, infrasubspecific since author also used subspecies in same work; from Lakes Glubokoe and Lama, Pyasina R. basin, Siberia, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:415 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lacustris, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Switzerland (several localities). No types known. Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to Lake Constance, Switzerland, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:250 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:382 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:112 [ref. 22962]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or valid as Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Valid as Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustris, Salmo salar var. Hardin [S.] 1862:382 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 18; ref. 18245] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustris, Salmo trutta macrostigma morpha Poljakov [G. D.], Filipi [N.], Basho [K.] & Hysenaj [A.] 1958:68 [Peshqit e Shqiperise.; ref. 21182] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Shkodrës, Albania. •Questionably in the synonymy of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

lacustris, Salmo trutta marmoratus morpha Poljakov [G. D.], Filipi [N.], Basho [K.] & Hysenaj [A.] 1958:69 [Peshqit e Shqiperise.; ref. 21182] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Shkodrës, Albania. •In the synonymy of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

lacustris, Thymallus arcticus Gundriser [A. N.] 1967:86, fig. 3 [Ucenye Zapiski, Tomskij Ordena Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni Gosudarstvennyj Universitet Imeni V. V. Kujbyseva, Tomsk No. 53; ref. 36007] Lake in the Bol’shoy Yenisei drainage, Siberia, Russia Syntypes (several): whereabouts unknown. •Questionable synonym of Thymallus svetovidovi Knizhin & Weiss 2009 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus svetovidovi Knizhin & Weiss 2009. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustris, Thymallus thymallus morpha Balon [E. K.] 1962:152 [Engl. 154] [Zoologické Listy v. 11 (25) (no. 2); ref. 23053] Not available, infrasubspecific, as a morpha; from reservoir on Hnilec River, Slovakia. •In the synonymy of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae.

ladogae, Coregonus albula infra. Pravdin [I. F.], Golubev [F. R.] & Belyaeva [K. I.] 1938:216 et seq., Fig. [Uchenye Zapiski Lenengradskogo Universiteta v. 3, No. 15 (for 1937); ref. 19619] Lake Ladoga, Russia. Regarded previously in the Catalog of Fishes as unavailable, infrasubspecific; from s. part of Lake Ladoga, Russia. Regarded as preoccupied in Coregonus, replaced by ladogensis Berg 1948:323 [ref. 12882]. However, Kottelat et al. 2005:184-185 [ref. 28473] discuss 2 differing texts (Russian and German); they regard ladogae of Pravdin et al. as subspecific and not infrasubspecific -- therefore available. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:323 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:134 [ref. 28183]). •Valid as Coregonus ladogae Pravdin, Golubev & Belyaeva 1938 -- (Kottelat et al. 2005:184 [ref. 28473], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:389 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus ladogae Pravdin, Golubev & Belyaeva 1938. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Ladoga, Russia, introduced into other lakes. Habitat: freshwater.

ladogae, Coregonus lavaretus baeri natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:195, Pl. 5 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Ladoga, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:370 [ref. 12882]). • Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

ladogensis, Coregonus albula infra. Berg [L. S.] 1948:324 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Replacement name for Coregonus albula infrasp. ladogae Pravdin, thought to be preoccupied. Not available, infrasubspecific. See Coregonus ladagae Pravdin et al. 1938. •In the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:318 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonymy of Coregonus ladogae Pravdin, Golubev & Belyaeva 1938 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:386 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus ladogae Pravdin, Golubev & Belyaeva 1938. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

laevigatus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:385 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Kuril Islands. Possible type: NMW 92794 (1, dry). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:291 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

laevis, Salmo trutta var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:60 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Unneeded replacement name or unjustified emendation of Salmo levis Mohr 1786. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lagocephalus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:372 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Bering Sea, Okhotsk Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:173 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:311 [ref. 6363], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lapasseti, Salmo Zill [M.] 1858:127 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 9; ref. 17709] El-abaïch, tributary of Oued-Z'hour, entering the Mediterranean about 30 kilometers west of Collo, Algeria. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858) -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:50 [ref. 28211], Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lapponica, Coregonus lavaretus forma Järvi [T. H.] 1928:37, Pl. 3 (fig. 15) [Acta Zoologica Fennica v. 5; ref. 19622] Lake Vuontis, Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus lapponicus Günther 1866. •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lapponicus, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:181, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Munio River, Lapland, Sweden and Finland. Syntypes: (4+) BMNH 1862.10.24.5-8 (4), 1862.10.24.9-10 (2). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:362 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547] with question). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

latior, Coregonus Agassiz [L.] 1850:348 [Lake Superior; ref. 66] North shores of Lake Superior and at Pic River. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:277 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

latschosecricus, Coregonus ludoga var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:XXXI [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Name only, not available. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

latus, Coregonus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:240, 253 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Europe. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

latus, Coregonus clupeaformis Koelz [W.] 1931:373 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Off Munroe, Michigan, Lake Erie, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 52805. Paratypes: (17) UMMZ 52804 (2). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1986:214 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

latus, Salmo thymallus var. Bloch [M. E.] 1782:170, Pl. 26 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 1; ref. 19643] Germany. Lectotype: ZMB 3749. On p. 136 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 1 [ref. 21381]. Apparently Bloch only had one specimen but mentioned several localities and that has been regarded as the holotype; technically it should be regarded as the lectotype; Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:125 [ref. 24282]. •Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lauaretus, Cyprinus Gmelin [S. G.] 1770:60 [Reise durch Russland; ref. 18140] Russia. Also seen as Salmo lauaretus, but also a misprint of Salmo lavaretus could be involved. •Possible based on a specimen of Stenodus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

laurettae, Coregonus Bean [T. H.] 1881:156 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 210); ref. 223] Port Clarence on Yukon River, Alaska, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 27915. Paralectotypes: USNM 27695 (4). Additional material: USNM 24023-24 (1, 1). Lectotype selected by McPhail 1966:146 [ref. 24572]. •See Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]. •Valid as Coregonus laurettae Bean 1881 -- (McPhail 1966:146 [ref. 24572], Lee et al. 1980:84 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Scott & Crossman 1998:255 [ref. 24570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:61 [ref. 26736], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:184 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:143 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:355 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:387 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:119 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus laurettae Bean 1881. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic basin, North America (Alaska and Canada) and Siberia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lavaretoides, Coregonus lavaretus var. Berg [L. S.] (ex Poljakov) 1916:91 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Lake Onega and Lake Ladoga, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Appeared as name only in Poljakov 1874:xxxi [ref. 19594]; made available by Berg 1916 [ref. 277] as above. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:377 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lavaretus, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Cuvier) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Perhaps only intended as a new combination, but Salmo lavaretus Linnaeus 1758 not mentioned by Valenciennes in description or in table of contents, so above description is regarded as subjectively invalid; unavailable, preoccupied in Coregonus by Salmo lavaretus Linnaeus 1758. Based on literature sources and one specimen from Geneva. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lavaretus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:310 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Lake Bourget, France. Neotype: MHNG 2583.51. Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. Name spelled Salmo lavaterus by Wulff 1765:36 [ref. 17844]. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952], restricting type locality to Lake Bourget. •Valid as Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:357 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:376 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:81 [ref. 22962], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570], Fuller et al. 1999:242 [ref. 25838], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Kottelat 2006:85 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:353 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:000 [ref. 31199], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:890 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36089] once misspelled avaretus, Ćaleta et al. 2019:175 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Europe: Lakes Bourget and Geneva, France and Switzerland. Formerly most European and some North American species were identified as lavaretus. Introduced in some lakes. Habitat: freshwater.

lemanus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:303 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] European lakes. Syntypes: MNHN A-8842 (1, dry) Lac Lémon, ?5467 (1) Lake Geneva. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:302 [ref. 293]. See also Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:302 [ref. 1013]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 Great European Lakes stock -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lenensis, Coregonus tugun Berg [L. S.] 1932:210 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Lena River basin, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814) -- (Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lenensis, Thymallus arcticus Weiss [S. J.], Knizhin [I. B.], Kirillov [A.] & Froufe [E.] 2006:521 [Biological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 88; ref. 29557] Lena River drainages, Russia. No types established. No types named, so not available. •Not available; proposed as a "preliminary" name for a population of Thymallus from the Lena River basin, Siberia, Russia. Current status: Uncertain as Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae.

lenok, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1773:716 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Jenissei [Yenisei] River, Arctic basin, Siberia, Russia. No types known. Spelled lenock in Bloch & Schneider 1801. See discussion in Kottelat 2006:15-17 [ref. 28831] on systematics. •Valid as Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:300 [ref. 12882], Wang 1984:8 [ref. 22951], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:12 [ref. 22798], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Kim 1997:356 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:31 [ref. 23574], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:77 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Wang et al. 2001:62 [ref. 26566], Sideleva 2001:46 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:12 [ref. 27815], Shedko & Shedko 2003:330 [ref. 27966], Alekseyev et al. 2004:45 [ref. 27625], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:150 [ref. 28183], Ma et al. 2005:257 [ref. 32145], Kottelat 2006:15 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:53 [ref. 28933], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33547], Xing et al. 2015:193 [ref. 33820], Zhang et al. 2016:188 [ref. 34477] as subspecies lenox in China). Current status: Valid as Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

lepechini, Coregonus Warpachowski [N. A.] 1901:592, Pl. 23 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 6; ref. 17830] Pechora River and Indiga River, northern European Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 9717 (1), 9753 (1), 11358-59 (1, 1), 11361-63 (1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:42 [ref. 23570], Parin et al. 2014:119 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lepechini, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1374 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Lake Ladoga, Russia. No types known. For locality see Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]. See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574]. •Valid as Salmo lepechini Gmelin 1789 -- (Berg 1948:275 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salvelinus lepechini (Gmelin 1789) -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:161 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:434 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus lepechini (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lakes in Sweden, Norway,Finland and northern Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

leptosoma, Salmo (Salmo) Bleeker [P.] 1879:14, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 18; ref. 459] China? Holotype (unique): ZMH (lost). Type locality probably incorrect. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

letnica, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1924:20 [Pisces Macedoniae; ref. 15902] Lake Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (several) IEBMT. One specimen from Prespa Lakes was caught in 2011 [ref. 35029]. •Valid as Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:188 [ref. 23374], Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Fuller et al. 1999:256 [ref. 25838], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:422 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:83 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ohrid, Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

leucichthys, Salmo Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1772:533 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 16 (for 1771); ref. 5066] Volga and Ural rivers from Caspian Sea, Kamtchatka, Russia. No types known. As levcichthys with "u" typeset as "v". •Valid as Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772) -- (Berg 1948:308 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:151 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:119 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:384 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:126 [ref. 22962], McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:44 [ref. 18983], Sturm 1994:472 [ref. 22423], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Scott & Crossman 1998:295 [ref. 24570], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:181 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:145 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:393 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:398 [ref. 31199] with subspecies, Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Page & Burr 2011:389 [ref. 31215], Poursaeid & Falahatkar 2012:31 [ref. 31762] with two subspecies, Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:128 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Afonso et al. 2016:26, 283 [ref. 36199], Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:58 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic basin, Bering Sea, Alaska and western Canada; Caspian Sea basin (subspecies leucichthys). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

leucomaenis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:356 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Widespread in Russia. Lectotype: ZMB 23563 (dry). Paralectotypes: NMW 91214 (1, dry); ZMB 23552 (1, dry). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:20 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:20 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:270 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574]). •Valid as Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), form leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:108 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), subspecies leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Nakabo 2000:300 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:31 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:300 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Okada 1961:335 [ref. 6363], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:36 [ref. 6441], Okamura & Machida 1986:26 [ref. 22278] as Salverinus, Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Kim 1997:366 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:39 [ref. 23574], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:101 [ref. 26736], Kolpakov & Barabanshchikov 2001:423 [ref. 25413] as leucamaenis, Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Kim & Park 2002:289 [ref. 25913], Choi et al. 2003:194, 531 [ref. 26218] with year as 1811, Fedorov et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27579], Alekseyev et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27625], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:163 [ref. 28183], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:682 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northwest Pacific/Asia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

levanidovi, Salvelinus Chereshnev [I. A.], Skopets [M. B.] & Gudkov [P. K.] 1989:693, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 29 (no. 5); ref. 17652] Upper Yama River, continental coast of the Okhotsk Sea, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 48155. Paratypes: ZIN 48156 (3). See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574]. Second author's name also seen as Skopetz. •Valid as Salvelinus levanidovi Chereshnev, Skopets & Gudkov 1989 -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:101 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:163 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:141 [ref. 33547], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus levanidovi Chereshnev, Skopets & Gudkov 1989. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

levenensis, Salmo Yarrell [W.] (ex Walker) 1839:9, Fig. (pt. 2) [A history of British fishes, illustrated by nearly 400 wood-cuts. Supplement.; ref. 17748] Loch Levin, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as name only and not available in Neill 1808:541 [ref. 23048] and in Walker 1812:373 [ref. 23049]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:198 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

levis, Salmo Mohr [N.] 1786:80 [Førsog til en Islandsk naturhistorie, med adskillige oekonomiske samt andre anmaetkninger... Kjøbenhavn.; ref. 17781] Iceland. No types known. Original not seen. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lewisi, Salar Girard [C. F.] 1856:219 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8 (no. 5); ref. 18058] Falls of Missouri River, Rocky Mountains, U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies -- (La Rivers 1994:295 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:183 [ref. 24570] as clarki). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies lewisi (Girard 1856) -- (McAllister 1990:84 [ref. 14674] as clarki, Behnke 1992:73, 77 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Baxter & Stone 1995:168 [ref. 23374] as clarki, Thurow et al. 1997:1095 [ref. 25523] as clarki, Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:57 [ref. 27816] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:249 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:405 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Canada and west-central U.S.A.; centered in eastern and western Rocky Mountain slopes [subspecies lewisi]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lewisi, Thymallus Henshall [J. A.] (ex Lewis) 1898:70 [A Weekly Journal of the Rod and Gun, New York. v. 51; ref. 21966] Headwaters of Jefferson River, Red Rock Lake, Montana, U.S.A. Syntypes: several (whereabouts unknown). Based on descriptive notes of M. Lewis, published by Biddle 1814:411 [ref. 33913] and Coues 1893:545 [ref. 33914]. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ligericus, Thymallus Persat [H.], Weiss [S.], Froufe [E.], Secci-Petretto [G.] & Denys [G. P. J.] 2019:234, Figs. 2, 3A, 4A, 6 [Cybium v. 43 (no. 3); ref. 37049] Alagnon River at La Chapelle d'Alagnon, Cantal Department, Loire drainage, France, 45°6'21"N, 2°53'48"E. Holotype: MNHN 2018-0722. Paratypes: MNHN, UCBLZ. •Valid as Thymallus ligericus Persat, Weiss, Froufe, Secci-Petretto & Denys 2019. Current status: Valid as Thymallus ligericus Persat, Weiss, Froufe, Secci-Petretto & Denys 2019. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Upper Loire River basin, France. Habitat: freshwater.

likana, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1933:[3] [Ribarski List, Polusluzbeni Organ Ministarstva Poljoprivrede, Sarajevo v. 7 (nos. 9-10); ref. 18371] Original not yet seen. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

lindimacensis, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:447, 448 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes in Switzerland. Name also appeared on pp. 448, 460 and 462. •In the synonymy of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lloydii, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:174, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: (at least 8) BMNH 1853.3.16 (1), 1863.5.1.1 (1), 1863.5.1.4-6 (3), 1853.3.16.167 (1), 1853.3.16.168 (1), 1853.5.16.169-170 (2); plus 2 stuffed specimens (whereabouts unknown). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

loensis, Salmo fario var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:61 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Lake Lo, Cornwall, England. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

longiusculus, Coregonus lavaretus multispinatus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:69 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (for 1947) (no. 3); ref. 19596] Not available, infrasubspecific; subsequent available use as a subspecies or species not researched; from Vygozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:1324 [ref. 20661]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lonsdalii, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1909:119, Fig 2b [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14415] Haweswater, Cumberland, England, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.7.28.14 (1), 1907.5.30.16 (1). Spelled longsdalei in literature. •Valid as Salvelinus lonsdalii Regan 1909 -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:440 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus lonsdalii Regan 1909. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: England. Habitat: freshwater.

lordii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:148 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Skagit River, western slope of Cascade Mts., western North America. Syntypes: (2) BMNH. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:200 [ref. 25968] as lordi. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:219 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies lordii -- (Gritsenko et al. 1998:195 [ref. 24673], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831] as lordi). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lossos, Salmo Günther [A.] (ex Pallas) 1866:140 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Eastern Europe. Based on literature sources. •In part synonym of Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:296 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably a synonym of Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773) -- (Kottelat 2006:18 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lourosensis, Salmo Delling [B.] 2011:337, Figs. 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 21 (no. 4) [Dec. 2010]; ref. 31191] Louros Stream along national road Arta-Giannina at Mousonitsa village, Greece. Holotype: NRM 60787. Paratypes: NRM 60788 (6), 60802 (1). •Valid as Salmo lourosensis Delling 2011 -- (Barbieri et al. 2015:83 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo lourosensis Delling 2011. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Louros River, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

lovensis, Coregonus lavaretus pidschian natio Pravdin [I. F.] in Berg & Pravdin 1948:12, Fig. 9 [Ukazatel' k izdanijam Imperatorskago Russkago Geograficeskago Obscestva i ego otdelov. v. 26 (no. 2)(for 1947); ref. 18571] Lovozero Lake, Kola Peninsula, Russia. No types at ZIN. Probably validated by Berg 1948:391, fig. 229 where the name was used for a subspecies as Coregonus lavaretus lovensis; this validates the name from Pravdin 1948 and it is deemed to be a subspecific name (Art. 45 of the Code). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:391 [ref. 12882]). •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lowei, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:350 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Hulbert Lake, Chippewa County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96966. Paratypes: (70) UMMZ (not researched). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lucernensis, Coregonus schinzii helveticus var. Fatio [V.] 1890:229 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Vierwaldstätter, Switzerland. •In the synonymy of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:110 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lucidus, Salmo (Coregonus) Richardson [J.] 1836:207, Pl. 90 (figs. 1a-b) [Part 3; ref. 3731] Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. No types known. Appeared as Coregonus lucidus on Pl. 90. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

lucinensis, Coregonus albula Thienemann [A.] 1933:655, Figs. 1-2 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 16529] Lake Breiter Lucin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Might be at ZSM. Types might be at ZSM according to Neumann email 2/20/2017. •Synonym of Coregonus albus Lesueur 1818, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Anwand et al. 1997:3 [ref. 23481]). •Valid as Coregonus lucinensis Thienemann 1933 -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952], Schulz & Freyhof 2003:210 [ref. 27387], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:389 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus lucinensis Thienemann 1933. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Northern Germany. Habitat: freshwater.

lucius, Coregonus Nilsson [S.] 1855:466 [Skandinavisk fauna; ref. 3205] Arkhangelsk, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772) -- (Berg 1948:303 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:151 [ref. 7169], Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570]). Current status: Synonym of Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ludoga, Coregonus Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:XXXI [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Lake Ladoga, Russia. No types known. Appeared as "Coregonus ludoga (Cor. Widegrenii Malmgr.)". Perhaps can be regarded as an unneeded substitute for Coregonus widegrenii Malgren 1863. Name preoccupied, replaced by Coregonus lutokka Kottelat, Bogutskaya & Freyhof 2005. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:370 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). •See Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:138 [ref. 28183]. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ludoga, Coregonus widegreni Berg [L. S.] (ex Polyakov) 1916:97 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Techincally the above combination is subjectively invalid, preoccupied by Coregonus ludoga Polyakov 1874 when Polyakov's name is regarded as a replacement name. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lumi, Salmo letnica Poljakov [G. D.] in Poljakov, Filipi, Basho & Hysenaj 1958:67 [Peshqit e Shqiperise.; ref. 21182] Tushemishtit, Volorekës, Limit, Piskupatit, Hudënishtit and Pogradec, Albania. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Authorship established by Christopher Scharpf, 24 June 2015, based on p. 252. •Valid as Salmo lumi Poljakov 1958 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:422 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo lumi Poljakov 1958. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northern and western shores of Lake Ohrid: Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

lutokka, Coregonus Kottelat [M.], Bogutskaya [N. G.] & Freyhof [J.] 2005:182 [Zoosystematica Rossica v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 28473] Lake Ludoga, Russia. No types konwn. Replacement name for Coregonus widegreeni ludoga Berg 1916, preoccupied by Coregonus ludoga Polyakov 1874 -- see Kottelat et al. 2005:183 [ref. 28473]. •Valid as Coregonus lutokka Kottelat, Bogutskaya & Freyhof 2005 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:372 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus lutokka Kottelat, Bogutskaya & Freyhof 2005. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lakes Ludoga and Onega; introduced elsewhere in Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

lycaodon, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:370 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Okhotsk Sea, Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:190 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:301 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:251 [ref. 23389], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macdonaldi, Salmo mykiss Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1890:453 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 780); ref. 10575] Lower Twin Lakes, about 15 miles southeast of Leadville, tributary of Arkansas River, Colorado, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 41730. Paratypes: CAS 60531 [ex IU 8250] (2), CAS-SU 512 (2), USNM 41641 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies macdonaldi (Jodan & Evermann 1890) as described -- (Behnke 1992:154 [ref. 23385], Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:406 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Twin Lakes, upper Arkansas River system, central Colorado (U.S.A.); now extinct [subspecies macdonaldi]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macedonica, Trutta fario var. Karaman [S.] 1924:16 [Pisces Macedoniae; ref. 15902] Mouth of Treska River, Vardar basin, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (several) IEBMT. •Valid as Salmo macedonicus (Karaman 1924) -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:422 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Delling 2011:335 [ref. 31191], Barbieri et al. 2015:83 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo macedonicus (Karaman 1924). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Macedonia and Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

mackayi, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:327 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Stony Lake, Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada. Holotype: UMMZ 96964. Paratypes: (18) UMMZ 58783 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mackenzii, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1823:707 [3], Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea; ref. 18624] Mackenzie River system including Salt River, Canada. No types known. On p. 3 of separate. Species name spelled mackensii by Smitt 1883:34 [ref. 18729], with genus as Luciotrutta. •Synonym of Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772) -- (Berg 1948:303 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:151 [ref. 7169], Scott & Crossman 1998:298 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:181 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrognathus, Leucichthys Harper [F.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1919:269 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 41 (art. 2); ref. 15213] Great Slave Lake near Fort Resolution, Mackenzie District, Northwest Territories, Canada. Holotype (unique): NMC 58-163 [ex Victoria Mem. Mus. 1031]. Type catalog: McAllister 1965:7 [ref. 22019]. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:268 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrophthalmus, Coregonus Nüsslin [O.] 1882:164, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 5; ref. 14296] Lake Constance, Europe, especially in Untersee, Germany. No types known. Syntypes: SMNS 3123 (3), NMW 75065 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:29 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lelek 1987:84 [ref. 22962] as oxyrhynchus). •Valid as Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:363 [ref. 29996], Çiçek et al. 2015:149 [ref. 35151]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Constance: Switzerland, Germany and Austria; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

macroptera, Trutta fario Chichkoff [G.] 1939:121 [French p. 177], Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Godisnik na Sofijskija Universitet = Annuaire de l'Université de Sofia, Fiziko-Matematiceski Fakultet = Faculté des Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques, Sofija v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 17182] Gorno Ribno Esero [Ezero] and Dolno Ribno Esero [Exero], Struma River basin, Rila range, Bulgaria. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo macedonicus (Karaman 1924) -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macropterus, Leucichthys Bean [T. H.] 1916:25 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 29; ref. 15043] Lake Erie near the boundary line between New York and Canada. Holotype (unique): USNM 76845. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrostigma, Salar Duméril [A. H. A.] 1858:160 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 47; ref. 23040] Oued-el-Abaïch, Kabylie, 40 kilometers west of Collo, Algeria. Syntypes: (2) MNHN A-7585 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293] with a holotype. Also appeared in Duméril 1858:396-399, pl. 10 [ref. 23041] and in L'Institute, v. 26:256, and in Bull. Soc. Acclim. Paris, v. 5:444-446 -- with slightly different titles; earliest not researched. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:259 [ref. 12882], Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177], Lelek 1987:114 [ref. 22962], Poll & Gosse 1995:101 [ref. 24781]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). •Status uncertain -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:49 [ref. 28211]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tougard et al. 2018:302 [ref. 36173]). •Valid as Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858) -- (Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466] as cf. macrostigma from Turkey, Bianco & Delmastro 2011:2 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:2 [ref. 32897], Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northern Africa: Algeria, Morocco; southern Europe: Sicily (Italy). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrostoma, Salmo Günther [A.] 1877:444 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Yokohama market, Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.600. Also described as new in Günther 1880:71, Pl. 31 (fig. A) [ref. 2011]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:198 [ref. 12882] as masu). •Synonym of Salmo masou Brevoort 1865, but a valid subspecies -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:169 [ref. 25598]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856), but a valid subspecies macrostoma (Günther 1877) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:38 [ref. 6441] as macrostomus). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus rhodurus Jordan & McGregor 1925, but a valid subspecies macrostoma -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:31 [ref. 23574] as macrostomus). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

magnus, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:366 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lesser Slave Lake at Fort Smith, Alberta, Canada. Holotype: UMMZ 96977. Paratypes: Univ. Toronto (4). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

major, Salmo fario var. Walecki [A.] 1863:342, 362 [Wiadomosci Z Nauk [Science News] v. 4; ref. 22954] Regarded by Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952] as infrasubspecific and not available, but name is subspecific and available if description was given [possibly at top of p. 351]; from Poland. Possibly a nomen nudum. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

major, Salmo trutta forma Roule [L.] 1925:98 [Les poissons des eaux douces de la France; ref. 5090] Not available, infrasubspecific; from France. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

mallochi, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1909:118, Fig. 4 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14415] Loch Scourie, Sutherlandshire, Scotland. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.10.29.43-46 (4). Additional material: BMNH 1909.9.30.11 (1). •Valid as Salvelinus mallochi Regan 1909 -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:441 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus mallochi Regan 1909. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northern Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

malma, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:66 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) subspecies malma -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:100 [ref. 25598], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). •Valid as Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:288 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:115 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:79 [ref. 9277], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:36 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:86 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:49 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], La Rivers 1994:272 [ref. 23389], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Kim 1997:367 [ref. 24032] as malmus, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:39 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:214 [ref. 24570], Gritsenko et al. 1998:193 [ref. 24673], Fuller et al. 1999:264 [ref. 25838], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Matsuura et al. 2000:33 [ref. 26000], Vasil'eva & Stygar 2000:320 [ref. 25766], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:103 [ref. 26736], Kolpakov & Barabanshchikov 2001:423 [ref. 25413], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Kim & Park 2002:290 [ref. 25913] as malmus, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:200 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:194, 531 [ref. 26218], Fedorov et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27579], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:98 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:164 [ref. 28183], McPhail 2007:333 [ref. 31199], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:910 [ref. 31791] m. malma, Page & Burr 2011:397 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:141 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:23 [ref. 34694], Afonso et al. 2016:25, 272 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:102 [ref. 35888], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North Pacific (Asia and Alaska to Oregon and western Canada) and Arctic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

manerka, Coregonus tugun Johansen [B. G.] 1945:3 [Tomskoe Otdelenie Moskovskago Obscestva Ispytatelej Priody. Tomsk No. 6; ref. 19603] Tom River at Tomsk, Russia. Syntypes: Zool. Mus. Tomsk Univ. (4). •Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1323 [ref. 20662], Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

manitobensis, Coregonus atikameg Bajkov [A. D.] 1933:29 [Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, Leipzig v. 29 (nos 1-2); ref. 16471] Northern Manitoba, Canada. No types known. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

manitoulinus, Leucichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1911:31, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 29 (for 1909); ref. 2452] Blind River, North Channel, Lake Huron, the Great Lakes, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 64670. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

manocentrus, Coregonus nilsonii Berg [L. S.] 1948:378 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Appeared first as Coregonus nilsonii manocentrus Smitt 1866, see Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952]. Not available, name only in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

manok, Oncorhynchus keta infra. Abramov [V. V.] 1948:89, Fig. 1 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 19608] Bannaya River, tributary of the Bolshaya River, western Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Described as an infraspecies, but apparently available as a subspecies. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

maraena, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1779:64 [Beschäftigungen der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde, Berlin v. 4; ref. 16967] Lake Madü, Pommern [now Lake Miedwie, Poland]. Syntypes: ZMB 3763 (2), 3764 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:124 [ref. 24282]. See also Bloch 1782:172, pl. 27 [ref. 19643]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:384 [ref. 12882], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:232 [ref. 25598], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079]). •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Hanel 2003:59 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:138 [ref. 28183], Hanel & Lusk 2005:322 [ref. 28804], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:374 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Widespread in northern Europe (including Baltic Sea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maraenoides, Coregonus asperi Fatio [V.] 1885:663, Pl. 22 II.A.1 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Zurich, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 816.42 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532]. Preoccupied by Coregonus maraenoides Polyakov 1874, permanently invalid. •Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

maraenoides, Coregonus lavaretus var. Berg [L. S.] (ex Polyakov) 1916:94, Fig. 86 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Lakes Chud [Peipus] and Pskov, Estonia and Russia. Neotype: ZISP 53230. Appeared first in Polyakov 1874:xxxi [ref. 19594]. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus asperi maraenoides Fatio 1885. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:385 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Coregonus maraenoides Polyakov 1874 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:139 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:375 [ref. 29996], Romanov et al. 2017:823 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraenoides Polyakov 1874. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

maraenoides, Coregonus lavaretus var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:xxxi [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Lakes Chud [Peipus] and Pskov, Estonia and Russia. Neotype: ZISP 53230. Kottelat et al. 2005:183 [ref. 28473] date the name to Polyakov and designate a neotype from Kessler's material; the connection to literature is not clearcut and perhaps unacceptable. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:385 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Coregonus maraenoides Polyakov 1874 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:139 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:375 [ref. 29996], Romanov et al. 2017:823 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus maraenoides Polyakov 1874. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Estonia and Russia, introduced into other areas of northern Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

maraenula, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1782:176, Pl. 28 (fig. 3) [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 1; ref. 19643] Germany and Poland (several localities). Syntypes: ?BMNH 1865.6.12.1-3 [ex ZMB] (3), ?BMNH uncat. (several, whereabouts unknown); ZMB 3753 (2), 3754 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:124 [ref. 24282]. Apparently appeared first but perhaps without description in Bloch 1779:62 [ref. 16967]. On p. 141 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 1 [ref. 21381]. For localities see Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]. •Variety of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Günther 1866:193 [ref. 1983]). •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:317 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

maraenula, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1779:62 [Beschäftigungen der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde, Berlin v. 4; ref. 16967] Apparently the same as Salmo maraenula Bloch 1782. Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

marina, Trutta Moreau [É.] 1881:537 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Moreau); ref. 3040] Meuse, Seine and Loire rivers, France. Syntypes: MNHN. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marina, Trutta Scott [G. C.] 1869:256, fig. [Fishing in American waters; ref. 32387] •Appeared as a caption to a plate; synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) according to Hubbs 1943:258 (ref. 32388) based on text; described as a synonym of Trutta argentina Scott 1869 and not available. Current status: Uncertain as Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

marina, Trutta Duhamel du Monceau [H. L.] 1773:200, Pl. II, fig. 3 [ ref. 35387] Published in a rejected work, see ICZN Opinion 859. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Spillmann 1961:43 [ref. 35397], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

marisalbi, Coregonus sardinella Berg [L. S.] 1916:83 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Petschora River, Indiga R; Solovetzkie Islands (White Sea). Syntypes: ZIN 9722 (1), 9736 (6+), 9737 (3), 10784 (1). Originally as maris-albi. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:41 [ref. 23570], Sideleva 2001:47 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815]). •Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:332 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Parin et al. 2014:124 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marmorata, Trutta fario var. Siebold [C. T. E. von] 1863:187 [Die Süsswasserfische von Mitteleuropa; ref. 4021] Brooks of the Alps draining to the south to rivers entering the Adriatic Sea. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

marmoratus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:304 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Lakes of Lombardia, Italy. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies marmoratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). •Valid as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Bianco 1988:148 [ref. 22383], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:438 [ref. 24680], Delling 2002:283 [ref. 26660], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:416 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Zupančič 2008:65 [ref. 29926], Delling 2011:340 [ref. 31191], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897], Ćaleta et al. 2019:178 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Splendiani et al. 2019:437 [ref. 37214]). Current status: Valid as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Adriatic basin; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

marsilii, Fario Heckel [J. J.] 1851:146 [2] [v. 6; ref. 23010] Lakes of upper Austria. Syntypes: NMW. On p. 2 of separate. Also appeared in Heckel 1851:286 [ref. 18258]. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marsilii, Salmo salvelinus var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:338 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] No types known. Not available, name only; from Lake Mondsee, Austria. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonymy of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1858). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

marstoni, Salmo Garman [S.] 1893:23 [Science v. 22; ref. 14526] Lac de Marbre, Ottawa County, Quebec, Canada. Holotype: MCZ 32956. Other material: CUMV 73968 (1). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lee et al. 1980:111 [ref. 22416], Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mas, Salmo salar var. Bloch [M. E.] 1784:146, Pl. 98 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] On p. 123 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. Not a scientific name, means "Salmo salar, male"; see Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

masoni, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1860:345 [Report upon the fishes collected on the survey. Route near the forth-seventh and forth-ninth parallels v. 12 (Book 2) (pt 3); ref. 18856] Columbia River at Fort Dalles; Catlapootl River; North America. No types known. Based on Fario clarkii of Girard 1856:219 and 1858:314 (not of Richardson). •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1837 -- (La Rivers 1994:300 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:191 [ref. 24570] as gairdneri). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (current authors). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

masou, Salmo Brevoort [J. C.] 1856:no page number, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) In: M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan.; ref. 17284] Hakodat, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. No types known. Named on plate; described as Salmo orientalis on p. 275 [p. 23 of separate]. Based on a drawing. Spelling sometimes emended to masu. •Valid as Oncorhynchus masu [sic] (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:198 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:317 [ref. 6363], Zhu 1995:9 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Salmo masou Brevoort 1856, but a valid subspecies -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:156 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856), subspecies masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:38 [ref. 6441] as masu, Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Nakabo 2000:304 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:25 [ref. 26000], Kim & Park 2002:281 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:304 [ref. 26001], Hagiwara 2003:37 [ref. 27188], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Gwo et al. 2008:778 [ref. 31607], Yonezawa et al. 2010:251 [ref. 30902], Kano et al. 2010:78 [ref. 33818], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okamura & Machida 1986:25 [ref. 22278]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Kim 1997:362 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Fuller et al. 1999:249 [ref. 25838], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:84 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Choi et al. 2003:194, 530 [ref. 26218], Fedorov et al. 2003:38 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:152 [ref. 28183], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:347 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853], Ćaleta et al. 2019:176 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific, introduced in Croatia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maxillaris, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:189, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern [Wenern], Sweden. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.3.16.3 (1), 2004.12.8.7 (1, skin). •Valid as Coregonus maxillaris Günther 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:375 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus maxillaris Günther 1866. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Sweden. Habitat: freshwater.

maxillaris, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1909:117, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14415] Loch near Ben Hope, Sutherlandshire, Scotland, U.K. Syntypes: (11) BMNH 1873.10.27.1 (2), 1908.8.29.1-7 (8), 1 specimen sent to Leningrad. •Valid as Salvelinus maxillaris Regan 1909 -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus maxillaris Regan 1909. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

media, Salmo maraena Hartmann [G. L.] 1827:145 [Helvetische Ichthyologie; ref. 18247] Lake Constance [Bodensee], Europe. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818) -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus gutturosus (Gmelin 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mediospinatus, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:189, Pl. 3 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Neva River and Gulf of Finland. No types known. Replacement name for Coregonus lavaretus bergi Pravdin 1931, preoccupied by Coregonus bergi Yakolyev 1923 in fossil fishes. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:363 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:376 [ref. 13675]). •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:138 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mediterranea, Salmo trutta Balon [E. K.] 1968:12 [Věstnik Československé společnosti zoologické v. 32; ref. 23080] Original not seen. Based on a hypothetical concept, not available -- (Kottelat 1997:185 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

medorae, Coregonus clupeaformis Koelz [W.] 1931:378 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lake Medora, Kewaanaw County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96973. Paratypes: (24). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

megalops, Coregonus Widegren [A. H.] 1863:589, Pl. 11 (fig. 15) [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 19 (for 1862); ref. 23033] Lake Storsjön, Indalsäven River system, Sweden. Syntypes: NRM. Apparently appeared first in Polyakov 1874:XXX [ref. 19594] not investigated; megalops of Polyakov is treated as a synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) by Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]. •Valid as Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:139 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:376 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Eastern Europe and western Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

melampterus, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:366 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Kamchatka, Russia. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanostomus, Salvelinus lepechini Berg [L. S.] 1932:177, Fig. 143 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Lake Segozero, Vyg River basin, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus lepechini (Gmelin 1789), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:280 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], see Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melga, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:77 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Lake Segozero, Karelia, Russia. No types at ZIN. Original not seen. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mendocinensis, Salmo Gibbons [W. P.] 1876:142 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 6 (1875); ref. 18108] Mendocino County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS (lost in 1906 fire). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

mendotae, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:362 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lake Mendota, Dane County, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96969. Paratypes: (17). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

meridionalis, Salmo lacustris infra. Fatio [V.] 1890:351, 354 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lectotype: MHNG 656.06. Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532] with a lectotype. Not available, regarded as infrasubspecific by Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]. •In the synonymy of Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847 -- (Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonym of Salmo marmoraturs Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

merkii, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:195 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Siberia, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZMB 23547. Based on Salmo clupeoides of Pallas 1814:410 [ref. 3351]. Spelled merckii in early literature and merki by Knipowitsch 1926:68 [ref. 22166]. •Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848 -- (Berg 1948:328 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Reshetnikov 1998:46 [ref. 23570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:182 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:124 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mertensii, Thymalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:453 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] East coast of Kamtchatka, Russia. Genus should have been Thymallus. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:429 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659] as mertensi, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702] as mertensi, Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:73 [ref. 26736] as mertensi, Fedorov et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27579]). •Valid as Thymallus mertensii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:148 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:114 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus mertensii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Russia: Chukotka Penninsula, Koryak Autonomous Area, Kamchatka Peninsula, Taimyr Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Coregonus Parnell [R.] 1838:163, Pl. 6 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 1 (no. 3) (art. 16); ref. 18523] Loch Lomond, western Scotland. Holotype: BMNH 1839.1.4.32 (left half skin). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeoides Lacepède 1803. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Coregonus lavaretus Smitt [F. A.] 1883:39, 40 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Ångermanelven [Lake Angerman], Sweden. Syntypes: NRM 35659-60 (1, 1), ?NRM 35663 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus microcephalus Parnell 1838. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (see Berg 1948:410 [ref. 12882]). •Status unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

microcephalus, Coregonus lavaretus pallasi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Keret'ozero, Karelia, Russia; subsequent publication as a species or subspecies not researched (name also would be preoccupied). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

microcephalus, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:357 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Gogebic Lake, Ontonagon County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96967. Paratypes: (9) ?MCZ 32687 [ex UMMZ 52785] (1). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microlepis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:85 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Pohorella [Pohorelá], Hungary [now Slovakia]. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1863.8.60.21 (1). •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microlepis, Thymallus Steindachner [F.] 1874:172 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 11 (no. 21) (for 8 Oct. 1874); ref. 20470] Mountain brooks at Vergorax [Vergoraz], Dalmatia. Syntypes: (several) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1875:367 [p. 5 of separate], Pl. 2, [ref. 4221]. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Coregonus lavaretus palloni natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:77 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available as above, infrasubspecific; from Lake Kuyoto, Karelia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

microps, Coregonus lavaretus Smitt [F. A.] 1883:39, 40 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Wenern, Wettern, Stockholms skärgård, Refsunden, Hammerdal, Hellefors, Långrohamn (Nordmaling), Indalselven, Torneelf (Sweden), Lake Ladoga (Russia). Syntypes: NRM 35647-52 (6, 1 ea. lot), 35662 (2), 35687-88 (1, 2). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (see Berg 1948:410 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Status unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

microps, Salmo Hardin [S.] 1862:383 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 18; ref. 18245] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo truttula Nilsson 1832 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microstoma, Thymallus Herzenstein [S. M.] 1883:244 [Essays north-western Mongoloa v. 3; ref. 20280] Koschagatsch in Tschuja River and Altai, upper Ob. Original not seen, name only and not available. •In the synonymy of Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:114 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899. Salmonidae: Thymallinae.

microstomus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:405 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Lena River below Karenga mouth, Indigirka, Kovyma, Anadyr, Ochota, Kutchtui rivers, Kamtchatka. •In part synonym of Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784) -- (Berg 1948:417 [ref. 12882]). •In part synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

migratorius, Salmo Georgi [J. G.] 1775:182 [Bemerkungen einer Reise im russischen Reich in 1772; ref. 18104] Lake Baikal and tributaries, Russia. No types known. For remarks on systematics see Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831]. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:342 [ref. 12882], see Lee et al. 1980:78 [ref. 22416], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], see Reshetnikov 1998:42 [ref. 23570], Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815], Hanel 2003:59 [ref. 27894]). •Valid as Coregonus migratorius (Georgi 1775) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:143 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:49 [ref. 28933]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus migratorius (Georgi 1775). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Baikal basin, Russia and Mongolia; established elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

milktschutsch, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:70 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia, Bering Sea. No types known. Spelled milktschitsch by Donndorff 1798:647 [ref. 17407]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:196 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:314 [ref. 6363] with question, Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

minor, Prosopium quadrilaterale Koelz [W.] 1931:382 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Lake Chazy, Clinton County, New York, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96975. Paratypes: (19) not researched. •Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Smith 1986:219 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mistops, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:105, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Eidfjord River, Norway. Syntypes: (at least 4) BMNH 1865.8.23.2-4 (3), 1865.8.23.8 (1). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

miyabei, Salvelinus Oshima [M.] 1938:16, Pl. 9 (Fig. 3) [Botany and Zoology, Theoretical and Applied = Shokubutsu-oyobi-d butsu, Tokyo v. 6 (no. 12, art. 4); ref. 17163] Lake Shikaribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies miyabei Oshima 1938 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:36 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:104 [ref. 25598], Gritsenko et al. 1998:196 [ref. 24673], Nakabo 2000:301 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:301 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mokschegor, Coregonus pidshian Ostroumov [N. A.] 1937:70 [Trudy Polyarnoi Komissii (no. 30); ref. 19613] Keta Lake, Pyasina River basin, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (119) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:408 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mongolicus, Coregonus Warpachowski [N. A.] 1900:424, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 5; ref. 14740] Upper part of Yenisey basin, northwestern Mongolia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 11477. •Synonym of Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784-85) -- (Berg 1948:417 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570], Kottelat 2006:19 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

monostichus, Salmo Heckel [J. J.] 1851:360 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 8; ref. 18259] Lake Königssee, Germany. Syntypes: NMW 65458 (1), 66063 (2); ?ZMB 3711 (1). Also in Heckel 1851:299 [ref. 18258]. •Synonym of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

montana, Salmo Walker [J.] 1812:374 [Essays on natural history and rural economy; ref. 23049] Not available, name only mentioned in a footnote. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

montanus, Thymallus Milner [J. W.] 1874:741 [15] [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 2 (art. 30) (for 1872-1873); ref. 17705] Tributary of Missouri River at Camp Baker, Montana, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 13090 (1), 13091 (1), 13092 (now 0). On p. 15 of separate. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:304 [ref. 24570], Dyldin et al. 2017:108 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

montenigrina, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1933:104 [1] [Ribarski List, Polusluzbeni Organ Ministarstva Poljoprivrede, Sarajevo v. 8 (nos 9-10); ref. 18372] Moraca [Morace] River at Titograd, Montenegro. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo montenigrina (Heckel 1851). •Valid as Salmo montenigrinus (Karaman 1933) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:423 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo montenigrinus (Karaman 1933). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro. Habitat: freshwater.

muchsan, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1378 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Alveo Obenei. Based on Pallas, p. 705, as unnamed variety; later named muksun by Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

muikisi, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:419 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Kamchatka, Russia. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo muikisi Walbaum 1792; apparently based on the same source. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

muikisi, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:86 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia. Also appeared in Bloch & Schneider 1801:419 [ref. 471] on same source, but Walbaum was not mentioned so perhaps independent of Walbaum. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

muksun, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:398 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Ob River; rivers of Siberia, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:411 [ref. 12882], Lelek 1987:90 [ref. 22962], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:45 [ref. 23570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:62 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:140 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:377 [ref. 29996], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:120 [ref. 33547], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus muksun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin, plus introductions, Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

multipunctata, Salmo Doadrio [I.], Perea [S.] & Yahyaoui [A.] 2015:xx, Fig. 6 [Graellsia v. 71 (no. 2) (art. e031); ref. 33950] Dades River, Draa Basin, Aït Aatou O’Moussa, Morocco (31.871776, -5.738205). Holotype: MNCN 290753. Paratypes: MNCN. Genus Salmo is masculine, therefore mandatory correction to multipunctatus. •Valid as Salmo multipunctatus Doadria, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015 (as multipunctata). Current status: Valid as Salmo multipunctatus Doadria, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

multispinatus, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:67, Fig. 3 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (for 1947) (no. 3); ref. 19596] Vygozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. Syntypes: (many) none found at ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:1324 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952] with question, Parin et al. 2014:121 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

munzuricus, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Kaya [C.] 2017:56, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 35485] Munzur stream, Ovacik village, Tunceli province, Turkey, 39°20'50"N, 39°08'03"E. Holotype: FFR 03161. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo munzuricus Turan, Kottelat & Kaya 2017 -- (Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo munzuricus Turan, Kottelat & Kaya 2017. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Munzur stream, Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] drainage (Persian Gulf tributary), Tunceli Province. Habitat: freshwater.

muraenula, Cyprinus Wulff [J. C.] 1765:48 [Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borussici. Methodo Linnaena disposita.; ref. 17844] Borussia [Prussia], Germany. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

murta, Salmo alpinus var. Saemundsson [B.] 1908:93 [Skrifter Udgivne af Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser No. 5; ref. 23050] Lake Thingvalla, Iceland. Syntypes: IMNH. •Valid as Salvelinus murta (Saemundsson 1908) -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:449 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus murta (Saemundsson 1908). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Thingvalla, Iceland. Habitat: freshwater.

mustasiika, Coregonus lavaretus mediospinatus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:76 et seq. [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk 1947 (nos 1-2); ref. 18570] Name spelled musta-siika originally. Not available, infrasubspecific; from n. part of Lake Ladoga, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

mustasiiska, Coregonus lavaretus mediospinatus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk 1947 (nos 1-2); ref. 18570] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Ladoga, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

mykiss, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:59 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Parasalmo is used mostly by European authors. American authors include Salmo gairdneri and Salmo iridea as synonyms of Oncorhynchus mykiss. •Valid as Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies mykiss -- (Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Hanel & Lusk 2005:310 [ref. 28804], Miller 2006:176 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Salmo mykiss Walbaum 1792 -- (Berg 1948:267 [ref. 12882], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:152 [ref. 25598], Scharpf 2006:30 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Shrestha 2008:200 [ref. 29923], Minckley & Marsh 2009:90, 95 [ref. 31114]). •Valid as Parasalmo mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Zolotukhin & Romanov 1998:418 [ref. 24678], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574], Keith et al. 1999:80 [ref. 24548], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:88 [ref. 26736], Kuzishchin et al. 2002:751 [ref. 26574], Fedorov et al. 2003:40 [ref. 27579], Alekseyev et al. 2004:48 [ref. 27625], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:154 [ref. 28183], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:49 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:54 [ref. 18983], Pethiyagoda 1991:169 [ref. 20075], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Boschung 1992:68 [ref. 23239], Behnke 1992:161 [ref. 23385], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:30 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:346 [ref. 22809], Swift et al. 1993:109 [ref. 22379], Skelton 1993:263 [ref. 24071], Gomon et al. 1994:230 [ref. 22532], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:584 [ref. 21581], Poll & Gosse 1995:101 [ref. 24781], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Baxter & Stone 1995:180 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:235 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:168 [ref. 23394], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:87 [ref. 22909], Andersen & Deacon 1996:126 [ref. 24717], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Mettee et al. 1996:423 [ref. 25836], Kottelat 1997:124 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:101 [ref. 23144], Kim 1997:515 [ref. 24032], Sigler & Sigler 1996:177 [ref. 25943], Morgan et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24611], De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:77 [ref. 23979], Fricke 1999:87 [ref. 24106], Fuller et al. 1999:250 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:48 [ref. 26594]. Nakabo 2000:299 [ref. 25086], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Matsuura et al. 2000:29 [ref. 26000], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867], Ross et al. 2001:339 [ref. 25978], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:263 [ref. 27406], Kim & Park 2002:286 [ref. 25913], Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:173 [ref. 26158], Allen et al. 2002:357 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:299 [ref. 26001], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:204 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:194, 531 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:271 [ref. 26449], Mirza 2003:3 [ref. 27265], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:73 [ref. 27816] with author as Richardson, Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894], Seegers et al. 2003:39 [ref. 28087], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27882], Miller & Robison 2004:256 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:352 [ref. 27995], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:164 [ref. 28369], Mundy 2005:162 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:400 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:275 [ref. 31199], Raadik 2008:212 [ref. 30624], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:21 [ref. 36649], Page & Burr 2011:410 [ref. 31215] with 6 subspecies, Marshall 2011:190 [ref. 31755], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194], Gurung et al. 2013:4884 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:270 [ref. 32989], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:104 [ref. 35745] as Onchoryncus, Sarmiento et al. 2014:135, 189 [ref. 35004], Barbieri et al. 2015:82 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:290 [ref. 34894], McDowall & Roberts 2015:411 [ref. 34244], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Pietsch & Orr 2015:22 [ref. 34694], Bertaco et al. 2016:435 [ref. 34561], Kells et al. 2016:100 [ref. 35888], Nión et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35565], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:64 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:106 [ref. 36369], Burton & Lea 2019:41 [ref. 37205], Ćaleta et al. 2019:176 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent basins; widely introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

namagcush, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:348 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Based on Namagcush of Pennant 1784 and authors, but apparently independent of Salmo namaycush Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

namaycush, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:68 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Hudson Bay lakes, Canada. No types known. Based on Namaycush of Pennant 1784. •Valid as Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (Lee et al. 1980:117 [ref. 22416], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:37 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:236 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:128 [ref. 23393], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:138 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:86 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:54 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:48 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], La Rivers 1994:257 [ref. 23389], Burnham-Curtis & Smith 1994:843 [ref. 22427], Baxter & Stone 1995:196 [ref. 23374], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Sigler & Sigler 1996:213 [ref. 25943], Scott & Crossman 1998:220 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:264 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:40 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:300 [ref. 25086], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:198 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:300 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:302 [ref. 26449], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:102 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:158 [ref. 27882], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:457 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:341 [ref. 31199], Minckley & Marsh 2009:99 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:395 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], McDowall & Roberts 2015:417 [ref. 34244], Mirande & Koerber 2015:50 [ref. 35117], Afonso et al. 2016:25, 273 [ref. 36199], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North America. Widely introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

naresii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1877:476, Pl. 50 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1877 (pt 3); ref. 14242] Lakes near Discovery Bay, Arctic America. Syntypes: BMNH 1877.5.13.13-17 (5). Spelled naresii in text and naresi on plate. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570] as naresi). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

narka, Salmo salar var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:399 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Kamchatka, Russia. Based on pre-Linnaean work by Krascheninikof, p. 181. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

nasus, Salmo (Coregonus) Pallas [P. S.] 1776:79, 705 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Gulf of Ob River. No types known. Name appeared as Salmo (Coreg) nasus. •Valid as Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:353 [ref. 12882], Lee et al. 1980:85 [ref. 22416], Lelek 1987:84 [ref. 22962], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:39 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:45 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:278 [ref. 24570], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:63 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:185 [ref. 25968], Fedorov et al. 2003:34 [ref. 27579], Fedorov et al. 2003:34 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:141 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:378 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:367 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:381 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:120 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:21, 131 [ref. 36199], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin: Eurasia and northwestern North America. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nasutus, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:493 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Irtysh River, Russia. Evidently an identification of Coregonus nasutus of Pallas and not an original description. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

nasutus, Coregonus lavaretus multispinatus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:69 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (for 1947) (no. 3); ref. 19596] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Vygozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. Also preoccupied by Coregonus nasutus Pallas 1814. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:1324 [ref. 20661]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

nasutus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:401 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Ob and Jenisee rivers, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:353 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

neiva, Salvelinus Taranetz [A. Ya.] 1933:83 [1] [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad v. 2; ref. 16528] Okhota River system, western coast of the Okhotsk Sea, Russia. Syntypes: not at ZIN. On p. 1 of separate. See also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574]. •Valid as Salvelinus neiva Taranetz 1933 -- (Berg 1948:292 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:104 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:162 [ref. 28183], Frolov 2005:1401 [ref. 31790], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:910 [ref. 31791]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus neiva Taranetz 1933. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Okhota River System, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

nelma, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1773:216, 716 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Larger Siberian rivers, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Stenodus nelma (Pallas 1773) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:394 [ref. 29996]). •Synonym of Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772), but a valid subspecies nelma (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:303 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:151 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:119 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:385 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:128 [ref. 22962], McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Sturm 1994:472 [ref. 22423], Zhu 1995:11 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:298 [ref. 24570], Yue & Chen 1998:38 [ref. 26415], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:69 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:145 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:398 [ref. 31199], Poursaeid & Falahatkar 2012:31 [ref. 31762], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Synonym of Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nelmuschka, Coregonus ludoga var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:XXXI [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Not available as above, no distinguishing features. Perhaps validated by Berg in footnote 1948:388 [ref. 12881], in which case Berg would be the author and types would include the 2 Pravdin specimens. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

nelsoni, Salmo Evermann [B. W.] 1908:26, Pl. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 21; ref. 14318] Río San Ramon, San Pedro Martir Mountains, 35 miles northeast of Port San Quintin, Baja California, Mexico, elevation 2000 feet. Holotype: USNM 61056. Paratypes: (8) AMNH (1, not found or not sent), FMNH (1, not found or not sent), IU (1), MCZ (1), CAS-SU (1, not found or not sent), U.S. Bur. Fish. 1620 (1); UMMZ 157681 (1); ? USNM 61057 (1), 76406 (3) ?76407 (1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies nelsoni (Evermann 1908) -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:30 [ref. 22290], Behnke 1992:195 [ref. 23385] with comments, Ruiz-Campos et al. 1997:74 [ref. 24461], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:68 [ref. 24940], Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386], Minckley & Marsh 2009:90 [ref. 31114], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nelsonii, Coregonus Bean [T. H.] 1884:48 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 407); ref. 16047] Nulato, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 29903. A neotype (USNM 29900) was designated by Lindsey 1963:173 [ref. 21349], but the holotype has been found; the neotype designation is set aside (Art. 75.8 of the Code). •Valid as Coregonus nelsonii Bean 1884 -- (Page & Burr 1991:40 [ref. 18983] as nelsoni, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:187 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Michill 1818) -- (see Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus nelsonii Bean 1884. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Canada and Alaska [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

neocomensis, Salvelinus Freyhof [J.] & Kottelat [M.] 2005:256 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 112 (no. 1); ref. 28187] Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland, depth 70-80 meters. Lectotype: MHNG 809.61. Replacement name for Salvelinus salvelinus var. profundus Furhmann, preoccupied. Lectotype established by Freyhof & Kottelat 2005:256 [ref. 28187] •Valid as Salvelinus neocomensis Freyhof & Kottelat 2005 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:454 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus neocomensis Freyhof & Kottelat 2005. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

neohantoniensis, Coregonus Prescott [W.] 1851:343 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 11 (no. 33); ref. 18575] Lake Wennepesaukee, New Hampshire, U.S.A. No types known. Originally as neo-hantoniensis. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1986:214 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nerka, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:71 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia, rivers and seas. No types known. Misspelled nrrka by Bloch & Schneider 1801:417 [ref. 471], corrected in Corrigenda, p. 580. Spelled narka by Donndorff 1798:648 [ref, 17407]. •Valid as Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792), subspecies nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Matsuura et al. 2000:30 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2000:302 [ref. 25086]). •Valid as Salmo nerka Walbaum 1792, subspecies nerka Walbaum 1792 -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:191 [ref. 25598], Nakabo 2002:302 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:190 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:301 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:95 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:77 [ref. 9277], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:40 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:223 [ref. 22186], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:52 [ref. 18983], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:718 [ref. 20764], Stearley & Smith 1993:22 [ref. 26683], La Rivers 1994:251 [ref. 23389], Baxter & Stone 1995:184 [ref. 23374], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Sigler & Sigler 1996:186 [ref. 25943], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:165 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:252 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:48 [ref. 26594], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Babaluk et al. 2001:680 [ref. 25324], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:85 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:209 [ref. 25968], Moyle 2002:263 [ref. 26449], Fedorov et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27579], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:78 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:153 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:287 [ref. 31199], Minckley & Marsh 2009:96 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:400 [ref. 31215], Nakabo et al. 2011:180 [ref. 31230], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33547], McDowall & Roberts 2015:412 [ref. 34244], Afonso et al. 2016:22, 239 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853], Kells et al. 2016:102 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Arctic, North Pacific/Asia and western North America; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

neschka, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:74 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Lake Segozero, Karelia, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 27275 (4). Original not seen. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

newberrii, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1859:225 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10 (for Dec. 1858); ref. 18068] Klamath River, Oregon, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 578. Based on Fario gairdneri of Girard 1856:219. Named as "Fario newberrii, or else Salmo newberrii." •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) subspecies gairdnerii (Richardson 1836) -- (Behnke 1992:177 [ref. 23385] as gairdneri but "could be recognized as a subspecies O. m. newberrii"). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies newberrii (Girard 1859) -- (Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:412 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northern Great Basin and Klamath region, Oregon, northeastern California and northwestern Nevada, U.S.A. [subspecies newberrii]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

niger, Salmo alpinus forma Fridriksson [A.] 1939:24, Fig. 7 (top) [Nátturufraedingurinn v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 17193] Lake Thingvalla, Iceland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Subspecific (see Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo fario niger Fitzinger 1832. •Synonym of Salvelinus thingvallensis (Saemundsson 1908) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus thingvallensis (Saemundsson 1908). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

niger, Salmo fario var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:339 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Austria, Norway, Germany, Poland, Bavaria. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952] for localities. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nigrescens, Salmo Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:235 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 7310] Near Laurel Hills, Ohio River drainage, U.S.A. Also in Rafinesque 1820:45 [ref. 3592]. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

nigrescens, Thymallus arcticus Dorogostaisky [V.] 1923:76 [Trudy Irkutskogo Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei v. 1; ref. 17411] Hövsgöl [Hovsgol] Lake, northern Mongolia, elevation 5620 feet. Syntypes: (at least 5) whereabouts unknown. Misspelled nigriscens in Catalog of Fishes 1998. See Kottelat 2006:26 [ref. 28831] for remarks on systematics. •Valid as Thymallus nigrescens Dorogostaisky 1923 -- (Berg 1948:431 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Dorofeeva 1998:49 [ref. 23573] as nigrescens, Knizhin et al. 2006:418 [ref. 33991]). •Valid as Thymallus nigrescens Dorogostaisky 1923 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:301 [ref. 24570], Kottelat 2006:26 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:52 [ref. 28933], Dyldin et al. 2017:114 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus nigrescens Dorogostaisky 1923. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia. Habitat: freshwater.

nigripinnis, Argyrosomus Milner [J. W.] (ex Gill) 1874:87 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 2 (for 1872-1873); ref. 17704] Lake Michigan off Racine, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 12455 (not USNM 19756). Apparently not available from Hoy 1872:99 [ref. 18119] as an Argyrosomus with black fins -- not sufficient distinguishing features. We date to Milner as above with type as USNM 12455. [The USNM lists USNM 23924 from Grand Haven, Michigan as type.] •Valid as Coregonus nigripinnis (Milner 1874) -- (Lee et al. 1980:86 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:43 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Scott & Crossman 1998:256 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:39 [ref. 26594], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Page & Burr 2011:388 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus nigripinnis (Milner 1874). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Northeastern North America. Habitat: freshwater.

nigripinnis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:96, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lough Melvin, Ireland. Lectotype: BMNH 1865.9.18.11. Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1864.9.19.8-13 (6) Llyn Melvin, 1864.9.19.1-3 (3) Lough Gadr, 1865.9.18.12-14 (3) Lough Melvin, 1865.9.18.15-21 (7) Lough Melvin. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo nigripinnis Günther 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:404 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo nigripinnis Günther 1866. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lough Melvin, Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

nikolskyi, Thymallus Kaschenko [N.] 1899:131 [Results of the Altai Zoological Expedition; ref. 19630] Tcharysh River, Katun River (Lake Uimon), Tom River and upper Kusnetzk in Altai, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (19) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:424 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573], Kottelat 2006:23 [ref. 28831], Knizhin & Weiss 2009:7 [ref. 30048]). •Valid as Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35967], Romanov et al. 2017:825 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Ob River, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

nilssoni, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:497, Pl. 631 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Lake Bolmen, Småland, Sweden; Norway. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1477 (6) Sweden, 0000-1482 (2) Stockholm. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:307 [ref. 293]. Species name spelled nilssonii by Smitt 1883:38 [ref. 18729]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (see Berg 1948:410 [ref. 12882]). •Valid as Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:378 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Baltic basin Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Poland. Habitat: freshwater.

nipigon, Leucichthys Koelz [W.] 1925:1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 158; ref. 15547] Lake Nipigon off MacDiarmid, Ontario, Canada, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 87092. Paratypes: (44) UMMZ 57204 (1), 57212 (1), 57219 (1), 57276-77 (1, 1), 57281 (1), 57315 (1), 57564 (1), 57649 (1), 53069 (1), 59611 (1), 59696 (1), 59781-82 (1, 1); USNM 117484 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). •Valid as Coregonus nipigon (Koelz 1925) -- (Lee et al. 1980:87 [ref. 22416], Etnier & Skelton 2003:743 [ref. 27256], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:387 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus nipigon (Koelz 1925). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Eastern Canada and Minnosota, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

nitidus, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1835:57 [Narrative of a second voyage in search of a northwest passage; ref. 18625] Lakes in Regent's Inlet, Boothia Felix [Boothia Peninsula], Northwest Territories, Canada. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nivalis, Salmo alpinus var. Faber [F.] 1829:170 [Naturgeschichte der Fische Islands; ref. 13329] Iceland, Faroe Islands, Norway. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nobilis, Albula Thienemann [A.] (ex Schonevelde) 1922:432 [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 13; ref. 23031] Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

nobilis, Coregonus Haack [H.] 1882:127 [Circulare des Deutschen Fischerei-Vereins. Berlin. No. 82; ref. 19915] Lake Vierwaldstätter, Switzerland. Neotype: MHNG 656.56 [ex MNHG 807.26]. Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. See Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952] for discussion. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Coregonus nobilis Haack 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:181 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:358 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus nobilis Haack 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Vierwaldstätter, Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

nobilis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:342 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea, northern Russia and Siberia, Russia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo nobilis Olafsen 1772. •Treated as a synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:205 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nobilis, Salmo Olafsen [E.] 1772:65 [Vice-Lavmand Eggert Olafsens og Land-Physici Biarne Povelsens Reise igiennem Island v. 1; ref. 18493] Sweden; Heller-Aa, Kortolfstade-Aa and Lar-Aa, Iceland. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:497 [ref. 24571], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nobilis, Salmo salar var. Smitt [F. A.] 1895:849, Figs. 210, 212A; Pls 37-38 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] No types known. This is not an original description, but treated as such by some authors. •In the synonymy of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

nordmanni, Coregonus Mela [A. J.] 1882:350, Fig. 200 [Vertebrata fennica; ref. 17637] Northern part of Lake Ladoga, Finland [now Russia]. whereabouts unknown. •Status uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

norilensis, Coregonus lavaretus pidscchian natio Logashev [M. V.] 1940:47 [Trudy Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Polyarnogo Zemledeliya Zhivotnovodstva i Promyslovogo Chosyiistva, Seriya Iromislovoe Chozyaiisgvo v. 11; ref. 18450] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Melkoe. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:406 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

norvegica, Coregonus albula var. Günther [A.] 1866:193 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Norway [probably Ostofjord or Skagerrak]. Syntypes: (at least 4) BMNH 2002.3.7.188-191 (4). Might be at ZSM. Types might be at ZSM according to Neumann email 2/20/2017. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

norvegica, Coregonus lavaretus forma Thienemann [A.] 1922:458, Pl. 5 (figs. 5a, b) [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 13; ref. 23031] Lake Mjören and its outlet, Vorman River, Norway. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Described as a forma. Name might be available from Thienemann 1921 [ref. 15332]. •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

novajaesemljae, Coregonus autumnalis Smitt [F. A.] 1883:36 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Jugorskii Schar at Chabarovo, Novaja Zemlja, Russia. No types known. Originally as Novajae Semljae, correction mandatory. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

novangliae, Coregonus Prescott [W.] 1851:342 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 11 (no. 33); ref. 18575] Lake Winnipiseogee, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Originally as nov-angliae, correction mandatory. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

nueltinensis, Leucichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1948:142, Figs. 3-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 100; ref. 13052] Northwestern extremity of Nueltin Lake, Windy River, 1/4 mile above its mouth, southwestern Keewatin, Northwest Territories, Canada. Holotype: ANSP 71740. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nummifer, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:365 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nusslinii, Coregonus restrictus Fatio [V.] 1885:662, Pl. 22 I.D.8 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Constance, Switzerland [and Germany/France]. Syntypes: MHNG 715.94 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. Original is nüsslinii. •Synonym of Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusirostris, Salar Heckel [J. J.] 1851:367, Pl. 9 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 8; ref. 18259] Zermagna and Salona rivers; Obrovaz, Spalato and Imosky [Imotski], Yugoslavia. Syntypes: NMW 66413 (5), 66427 (1), 66456 (2), 78817 (1); ZMB 3722 (1). •Valid as Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Lelek 1987:115 [ref. 22962], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461], SuŜnik et al. 2004: 956 [ref. 33786], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:423 [ref. 29996], Zupančič 2008:66 [ref. 29926] dated 1852, Delling 2011:337 [ref. 31191], Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877], Ćaleta et al. 2019:178 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusus, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1908:233, Fig. 6 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 14349] Lough Luggala and Lough Dan in Wicklow; Killarney and Lough Acoose in Kerry, Ireland. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.18.1-14 (14). •Valid as Salvelinus obtusus Regan 1908 -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:442 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus obtusus Regan 1908. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

ocla, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:4 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Älvkarleby on Dalälfven River, north of Uppsala, Sweden. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

odonoghuei, Coregonus Bajkov [A. D.] 1929:17, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 86 (nos 1/2) (art. 2); ref. 15883] Clear Lake, Riding Mountains, Manitoba, Canada. Type is in the Biological Board Coll., Univ. Manitoba; plus 10 other specimens. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:277 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ohridanus, Salmo Steindachner [F.] 1892:379 [23] [132], Pl. 3 (figs. 1-3) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 59 (1. Abth.); ref. 14517] Lake Ohrid, southern Yugoslavia/eastern Albania. Syntypes: NMW 65592-603 (4, 3, 3, 1, 3, 4, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1 skel., 1), 65611 (partial), 66021 (2, teile), 66447 (2). On p. 23 of separate; on p. 132 of abstract. •Valid as Acantholingua ohridana (Steindachner 1892) -- (Stearley & Smith 1993:20 [ref. 26683], Kottelat 1997:124 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmothymus ohridanus (Steindachner 1892) -- (Lelek 1987:117 [ref. 22962]). •Valid as Salmo ohridanus Steindachner 1892 -- (Phillips et al. 2000:546 [ref. 24471], Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461], SuŜnik et al. 2004:956 [ref. 33786] as ohridana, Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:424 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985] as ohridana). Current status: Valid as Salmo ohridanus Steindachner 1892. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ohrid: Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

okoniensis, Coregonus lavaretus holsatus forma Kulmatycki [W. J.] 1926:288, 325 [Archiwum hydrobiologii i rybactwa [Archives d'Hydrobiologie et d'ichtyologie] v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 19638] Lake Wielkie-Okoninskie, Poland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:383 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

okumusi, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2014:277, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 33242] Malatya Province, Sürgü Stream, Euphrates River drainage, 37°59'51.1"N, 37°57'29.9"W, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 1251. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo okumusi Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014 -- (Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo okumusi Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Malatya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepidotus, Coregonus omul var. Smitt [F. A.] 1886:286 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 18730] Jugorskii Schar at Chabarovo. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

olonensis, Coregonus albula natio Borisov [P. G.] 1924:66 [Trudy Nauch. Instituta Rybnogo Khozyaistva v. 1; ref. 16979] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Segozera and Vygozera lakes, nw. Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:318 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952] with question). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

olonensis, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1949:41, 43 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk (no. 1); ref. 19598] Suna and Shuya, Lake Onega basin, Russia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coregonus albula olonensis Borisov 1924. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

omul, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:406 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Arctic Ocean, including Petschora, Jenisea, Lena Colyma. No types known. •In part synonym of Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784-85) -- (Berg 1948:417 [ref. 12882]). •In part synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:47 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336, 342 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Reshetnikov 1998:42 [ref. 23570], Parin et al. 2014:119 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Coregonus autumanlis (Pallas 1776) subspecies migratorius (Georgi 1775) -- (Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

onegi, Coregonus lavaretus ludoga natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:227, Pl. 9 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Not available from above, infrasubspecific; from Onega Lake, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:373 [ref. 12882] as a valid natio). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

ongudajensis, Thymallus nikolskyi var. Kaschenko [N.] 1899:134 [Results of the Altai Zoological Expedition; ref. 19630] Urusul River at Ongudai, tributary to Katun River, Altai, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (8?) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:424 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 2006:23 [ref. 28831]). •Questionable synonym of Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899 (Dyldin et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ontariensis, Leucichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1911:13, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 29 (for 1909); ref. 2452] Bay of Quinte, Deseronto, Lake Ontario, Canada. Holotype: USNM 64673. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13195-96 (1, 1); USNM 64701-02 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ontariensis, Thymalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:452 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] "Lake Ontario" [likely Lake Geneva, Switzerland]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3662 to 0000-3663 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:306 [ref. 293]. Original genus should have been Thymallus. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:201 [ref. 23374], Scott & Crossman 1998:301 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

opimus, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2012:230, Fig. 2d, 7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32276] Antalya province: Alara Stream at Gündogmus, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3047. Paratypes: CMK 22400 (5); FFR 3048 (12), 3049 (20), 3050 (4), 3051 (9). •Valid as Salmo opimus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012 -- (Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo opimus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Alara Stream (Mediterranean tributary), Antalya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

oquassa, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1854:262 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 4 (1851-1854); ref. 18125] Kenebago, eastern inlet of Moosemegantic Lake, New England, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies oquassa -- (Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: New England and southern Canada [subspecies oquassa]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

orcadensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:91 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Loch Stennis, Orkney Islands, Scotland. Syntypes: BMNH 1856.9.19.765-766 (2). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oregonius, Coregonus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1909:425, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1677); ref. 10658] McKenzie River, Oregon, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 62987. Paratypes and additional material: CAS-SU 13117 (1), 21140 (4), 23204 (4); USNM 67005 (2), 75595 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Prosopium williamsoni (Girard 1856) -- (Lee et al. 1980:101 [ref. 22416], Sigler & Sigler 1996:201 [ref. 25943], Scott & Crossman 1998:294 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium williamsoni (Girard 1856). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Coregonus lavaretus gruppe Kulmatycki [W. J.] 1928:44 [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 19; ref. 23037] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes Wielkie-Gluche, Wielkie-Tuczno and Gorynskie, Poland. Name appeared as "Orientalis-Gruppe". •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

orientalis, Coregonus sardinella Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:100 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Holotype. Reference not seen. •Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848 -- (Parin et al. 2014:124 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Oleneck, Lena, Yana, Indigirka and Kolyma, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Leucichthys kiyi Koelz [W.] 1929:445 [U. S. Deptment of Commer. Bureau Fish. Document No. 1048; ref. 11809] Off Wilson, New York, U.S.A., depth 65 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 88352. Paratypes: ANSP ?102348 (1). 102916 (1), 192917 (1); UMMZ (many). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Coregonus kiyi (Koelz 1921) -- (Lee et al. 1980:83 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:216 [ref. 22186]). •Synonym of Coregonus kiyi, but a valid subspecies -- (Scharpf 2006:24 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus kiyi (Koelz 1921). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Ontario [this subspecies] [now extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Salmo McClelland [J.] 1842:585 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Northern declivities of Hindoo Koosh and Bemean River, tributary of Oxus River, Afganistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1843.2.25.68 (1), 1860.3.19.692 (1, stuffed). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo orientalis Pallas 1814. •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:367 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Kamchatka, Russia. Lectotype: ZMB 23562 (dry). Syntypes and/or Pallis specimens: NMW 91248 (1, dry). Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:17 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:188 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:309 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:680 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

orientalis, Salvelinus alpinus Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:62, Fig. 21 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Upper Indigirka River, Yakutia, Russia. Syntypes: (14) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oronensis, Coregonus ludoga Kalashnikov [Yu. Ye.] 1968:643 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 8 (no. 4, art. 51); ref. 7897] Lake Oron, Vitim River system, Russia. Syntypes: (many) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

osmeriformis, Coregonus Smith [H. M.] 1895:2, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 14 (art. 1) (for 1894); ref. 10215] Seneca Lake, New York, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 32162. Paratypes: USNM 32165 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Smith 1986:212 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

otsego, Salmo Clinton [de W.] 1822:1, Pl. [Account of the Salmo otsego; ref. 22187] Otsego Lake, New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1986:214 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ouananiche, Salmo salar Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] (ex McCarthy) 1894:487 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2443] Canada. No types known. Information but no latinized name appeared in McCarthy 1894 [ref. 17618] and McCarthy 1894:206 [ref. 22127]. Also appeared as "Salmo salar ouananiche McCarthy MS, new subspecies" in Jordan & Evermann 1896:487 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571], Smith 1986:230 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:193 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ovetsch, Oncorhynchus nerka Taliev [D. N.] 1932:350 [351], Pl. 1 [C. R. (Doklady) Acad. Sci. URSS v. 14; ref. 16526] Ola River, Tausky Bay, northern Okhotsk Sea, Russia. Syntypes: (several) ZIN 30672 (1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:195 [ref. 12882], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oxianus, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1874:35, Pl. 5 (fig. 21) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 11; ref. 2596] Darmut stream, tributary of Kizil-Su River, Upper Amu Darya River basin, Afganistan. Lectotype: ZMMU P-833. Paralectotypes: BMNH uncat. (1, stuffed), BMNH uncat (skin in bottle); ZMMU P-833a (1), P-1871 (1); none at ZIN. Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:256 [ref. 9011], Vasil'eva et al. 2001:38-39 [ref. 25714]. Lectotype selected by Salmanov & Dorofeyeva 1990:818 [ref. 20193]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies oxianus Kessler 1874 -- (Berg 1948:258 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Salmanov & Dorofeyeva 1990:817 [ref. 20193]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oxyrhynchus, Salmo (Trutta) obtusirostris var. Steindachner [F.] 1882:75, Pl. 4 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 86 (1. Abth.); ref. 4233] Rivers Narenta [Neretva] and Grupa near Metcovich, Croatia. Syntypes: (several) NWM 82297 (2). Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 20485]. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079]). •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

oxyrinchus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:311 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.160 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:208 [ref. 13434]. Spelled oxyrhinchus and oxyrhynchus in literature. Freyhof & Schoeter 2005 [not investigated] name a neotype; if a syntype is extant then neotype designation in incorrect. •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lelek 1987:87 [ref. 22962] as oxyrhynchus). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:364 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:149 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:376 [ref. 13675]). •Valid as Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952], Hanel 2003:60 [ref. 27894], Hanel & Lusk 2005:325 [ref. 28804], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:379 [ref. 29996], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: North Sea basin. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pachycephalus, Coregonus Malmgren [A. J.] 1863:[350] [Kritisk öfversigt af Finlands fisk-fauna; ref. 13933] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: Not at NRM. On p. 350 of German translation. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) as a nomen nudum -- (Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

palaea, Coregonus Cuvier [G.] 1829:308 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Syntypes: MNHN. Also seen as paloea. •Valid as Coregonus palaea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:107 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:355 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus palaea Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

palea, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Cuvier) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:477, Pl. 628 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3670. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:306 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

palja, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:67 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Lake Ladoga, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. For locality see Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Salvelinus lepechini (Gmelin 1789) -- (Berg 1948:275 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pallaryi, Salmo Pellegrin [J.] 1924:971 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 178; ref. 23042] Lake Aguelman de Sidi Ali or Mohamed, 30 kilometers north-west of Itzer, Middle Atlas, Morocco. Syntypes: (2) MNHN 1923-0066 (1), 1924-0146 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293] with a holotype, 1923-66. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1924:182, Fig. [ref. 15462]. Fowler's use of Salmo eriox pallayeri Hoyer & Michalski 1915 was apparently a misspelling as pallayeri of Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin 1924 and with wrong author and date (see Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Salmo fario is the only trout name that appeared in Hoyer & Michalski 1915:212 [ref. 22001]. •Possible synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies macrostigmus (Duméril 1855) -- (Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin 1924 -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:49, 52 [ref. 28211], Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Valid as Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin 1924. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Aguelman de Sidi Ali, Morocco [probably extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

pallasii, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:483 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Russia. Syntypes: MNHN A-7523 to 7524 (1, 1) Niva River at St. Petersberg. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:306 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:362 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:149 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:376 [ref. 13675] as pallasi, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:43-44 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:141 [ref. 28183], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:379 [ref. 29996], Parin et al. 2014:121 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus pallasii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Sweden, Finland and Russia (Baltic Sea and adjacent rivers). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pallasii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:112 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Soldaja, southern shore of Crimea, Ukraine. No types known. Appeared as Salmo trutta (pallasii) on p. 112 and pallasii alone in index; on p. 112 it is stated, "As we have no specimens to decide this point, we are not entitled to propose a change in the specific denomination." Regarded as available. •Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pallasii, Thymalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:448 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Kolyma River, Russia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3664 (3), ZMB 23549 or 23550 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293]. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:21 [ref. 6025]. Genus should have been Thymallus. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:428 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Sigler & Sigler 1996:218 [ref. 25943], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573], Chereshnev et al. 2001:74 [ref. 26736] as pallasi, Fedorov et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27579], Weiss et al. 2006:511 [ref. 29557]). •Valid as Thymallus pallasii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:148 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Dyldin et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35967]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallasi 1776) -- (Parin et al. 2014:129 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus pallasii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Russia: Kolyma River basin, southern Taimyr Peninsula, lower reaches of Lena River. Habitat: freshwater.

pallidus, Salmo Rafinesque [C. S.] 1817:120 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 18584] Lake George; Lake Champlain and other lakes, North America. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (Smith 1986:238 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:257 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:227 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

pallidus, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:9 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Lake Vättern, Sweden. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo pallidus Rafinesque 1817. •Synonym of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

palloni, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Lake Segozero, Karelia, Russia. No types at ZIN. Original not seen. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

parcepunctata, Salar ausonii var. Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:251 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Color variety; not available, infrasubspecific (Kottelat interpretation). •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

parkei, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:309 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Kootenay River, Rocky Mountains, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) USNM 101139 (1, not found in 1980). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:272 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:219 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859) -- (Cavender 1978:145 [ref. 31314]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

parr, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:421 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Yorkshire, Great Britain. No types known. Based on "Parr" of Pennant 1776:187, Pl. 31 (fig. 78) [ref. 18528]. •Synonym of Pollachius virens (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Pollachius virens (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: marine.

paucidens, Salmo Richardson [J.] (ex Gairdner) 1836:222 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Columbia River, western North America. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:301 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:251 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:171 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pelagicus, Coregonus lavaretus imandrae infra. Krogius [F. V.] in Berg 1933:847 [Fauna de l'U.R.S.S. v. 3; ref. 5569] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Imandra, Murmansk, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:389 [ref. 12882]). •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

pelagonicus, Salmo Karaman [S.] 1938:133, Fig. 1 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Mountain brooks, former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. •Tentatively valid as Salmo pelagonicus Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660]). •Valid as Salmo pelagonicus Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:424 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo pelagonicus Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Macedonia and Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

pelaticola, Coregonus lavaretus imandrae umbrae infra. Krogius [F. V.] in Berg 1933:847 [Fauna de l'U.R.S.S. v. 3; ref. 5569] Not available, infrasubspecific (as an infranatio). •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:390 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

pelcot, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:417 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. No types known. Based on "Peled" of Lepechin 1783:226, Pl. 12 [ref. 35542]. Unnecessary replacement for Salmo peled Gmelin 1789. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

peled, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1379 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Pechora River, northern Russia. Lectotype (?). Syntypes: ZMB 23555 (1). Misspelled pelet in Anikin 1902:118 [ref. 19629]. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:22 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:22 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Berg 1948:347 [ref. 12882], Lelek 1987:90 [ref. 22962], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:45 [ref. 23570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:64 [ref. 26736], Sideleva 2001:49 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Hanel 2003:59 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:144 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:320 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:380 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112] dated to Pallas 1789, Parin et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33547], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687], Ćaleta et al. 2019:175 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin, Russia; introduced in eastern and central Europe. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

peled, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:74 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Originally pelcol, changed in emendanda, but peles in index. On Lepechin v. 3, p. 226, Pl. 12; Gmelin not cited. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pelet, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:412 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Estuary of Ienissei River, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: ZMB 23555 (1). Regarded as independent of Salmo peled Gmelin 1789 but based on same literature source. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pellegrini, Salmo trutta var. Werner [F.] 1931:262, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 140 (Abt. 1) (nos 3-4); ref. 16344] Ourika stream near Timishi, Grand Atlas, Morocco. Syntypes: MCZ 32705 (1) Oued Ouri, NMW 19546 (1). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Status uncertain -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:61 [ref. 28211]) •Valid as Salmo pellegrini Werner 1931 -- (Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Valid as Salmo pellegrini Werner 1931. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

pennantii, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:507 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Wales. No types known. Based on literature sources. •Valid as Coregonus pennantii Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:121 [ref. 22952], Kottelet & Freyhof 2008:383 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus pennantii Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

penshinensis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:381 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Gulf of Penshine, Norofskuja River, Russia. Holotype: ZMB 23559 (dry). Western authors do not usually recognize the genus Parasalmo. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:15 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Salmo penshinensis Pallas 1814 -- (Berg 1948:261 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Behnke 1992:204 [ref. 23385]). •Valid as Parasalmo penshinensis (Pallas 1814) -- (Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:89 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:40 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:155 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:136 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Parasalmo mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus penshinensis (Pallas 1814) -- (authors). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus penshinensis (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

perejaslawica, Coregonus albula var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:xxxi [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Name only, not available. •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

pereslavicus, Coregonus albula Berg [L. S.] 1932:204 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Lake Pereslavskoe, Russia. No types known. Treated as a subspecies; based on earlier sources that were infrasubspecific and not available according to Kottelat 1997. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pereslawicus, Coregonus albula natio Borisov [P. G.] 1924:64 [Trudy Nauch. Instituta Rybnogo Khozyaistva v. 1; ref. 16979] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Pereslavskoe, Russia. Validated subsequently by Berg 1932 with different spelling. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as perejaslavicus Borisov 1924 -- (Berg 1948:326 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

perisii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1865:75 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 15 (no. 85); ref. 18185] Llanberris Lake, Carnarvonshire, North Wales; Lake Coss-y-gedawl, near Barmouth in Merionethshire, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.7.26.5-8 (4), 1863.12.19.1 (1), 1865.2.18.1 (1), 1865.3.30.1-4 (4), 1865.3.30.5-6 (2). Replacement name for Salmo cambricus Günther 1862, preoccupied by Salmo cambricus Donovon 1806. •Valid as Salvelinus perisii (Günther 1865) -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:442 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus perisii (Günther 1865). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

peristericus, Salmo macedonicus Karaman [S.] 1938:133 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Prespa Lake and Brajcinska Reka creek, former Jugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (5) whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Salmo peristericus Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:425 [ref. 29996], Delling 2011:333 [ref. 31191], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo peristericus Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lakes Prespa basin: Greece, Macedonia and Albania. Habitat: freshwater.

perryi, Salmo Brevoort [J. C.] 1856:273 [21], Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) In: M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan.; ref. 17284] Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan. No types known. On p. 21 of separate. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Hucho perryi (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:299 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:323 [ref. 6363], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:36 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:93 [ref. 25598], Stearley & Smith 1993:20 [ref. 26683], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:299 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:299 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Parahucho perryi (Brevoort 1856) -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650], Matsuura et al. 2000:21 [ref. 26000], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Kolpakov & Barabanshchikov 2001:423 [ref. 25413], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:153 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:680 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Parahucho perryi (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

phinoc, Salmo Shaw [G.] 1804:54 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Esk River in Cumberland, Great Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pidschian, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1377 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Ob River, Siberia, Russia. No types known. Author sometimes seen as Pallas. See discussion on systematics in Kottelat 2006:21-22 [ref. 28831]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:393, 401 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:376 [ref. 13675], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Shubin et al. 1997:634 [ref. 24699], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:43-44 [ref. 23570], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:60 [ref. 26736], Sideleva 2001:48 [ref. 26181], Fedorov et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27579], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112]). •Valid as Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Lee et al. 1980:88 [ref. 22416], Lelek 1987:91 [ref. 22962], Page & Burr 1991:41 [ref. 18983], Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:188 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:141 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:50 [ref. 28933], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:381 [ref. 29996], Page & Burr 2011:384 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:123 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35888], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin, from Finland to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Alaska and western Canada. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pidschianoides, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:232 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Vyg and Kem rivers, Karelian coast of the White Sea, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 27473 (3), 27484-85 (2, 1). Not available, no distinguishing features as presented above, apparently appeared as a natio in Pravdin 1950:75, 77 (not researched) and later treated as a subspecies to which name dates (apparently Pravdin & Berg, 1948:13, fig. 12). •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:395 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:149 [ref. 7169]). •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

pidschianoides, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] & Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:13, Fig. 12 [Ukazatel' k izdanijam Imperatorskago Russkago Geograficeskago Obscestva i ego otdelov. v. 26 (no. 2)(for 1947); ref. 18571] Not translated, perhaps types not the same as listed under pidschianoides Pravdin 1931. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952] based on placement of Pravdin 1931 treatment). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pjasinae, Coregonus pidschian natio Ostroumov [N. A.] 1937:66 [Trudy Polyarnoi Komissii (no. 30); ref. 19613] Pyasine River, northern Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (25) whereabouts unknown. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

platycephalus, Salmo (Platysalmo) Behnke [R. J.] 1968:2, Figs. 1-2 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 66; ref. 250] Tributary of Seyhan River basin, about 30 kilometers south of Pinarbasi, Turkey. Holotype: ZMH H4089. Paratypes: Colorado Coop. Fish. Unit (2). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:155 [ref. 22013]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (SuŜnik et al. 2004:947 [ref. 33786]). •Valid as Salmo platycephalus Behnke 1968 -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:221 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo platycephalus Behnke 1968. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Seyhan River basin (Mediterranean tributary). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pleuriticus, Salmo Cope [E. D.] 1872:471 [U. S. Geological Survey Territitories Annual Report v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 923] Green and Platte rivers, Yellowstone River, Montana, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) ?ANSP 16472 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621], doubtfully referred ANSP 16472 as syntype. •Synonym of Salmo clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies -- (La Rivers 1994:299 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies pleuriticus (Cope 1872) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:172 [ref. 23374] as clarki, Behnke 1992:139 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Hepworth et al. 2001:129 [ref. 25225], Moyle 2002:288 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Minckley & Marsh 2009:86 [ref. 31114] as clarki, Page & Burr 2011:407 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Upper Colorado River system: Wyoming, Colorado and Utah [formerly also New Mexico and Arizona] (U.S.A.) [subspecies pleuriticus]. Habitat: freshwater.

pluvius, Salmo Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1876:26 [Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens. v. 2; ref. 18290] Nikko, Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 9911 (2). •Valid as Salvelinus pluvius (Hilgendorf 1876) -- (Okada 1961:332 [ref. 6363], Matsuura et al. 2000:34 [ref. 26000]). •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:291 [ref. 12882], La Rivers 1994:272 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), but as a separate form -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:37 [ref. 6441], Okamura & Machida 1986:26 [ref. 22278], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:114 [ref. 25598]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies pluvius (Hilgendorf 1876) -- (Nakabo 2000:301 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:301 [ref. 26001], Hagiwara 2003:37 [ref. 27188]). •Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814) -- (Dyldin & Orlov 2016:682 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

polcur, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:400 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Arctic Ocean migrating to Ob River somewhat above Berezov, Siberia, Russia. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:401 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831], Parin et al. 2014:123 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

poljakowi, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:227, Pl. 11 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Lake Onego, opposite source of Svir River, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 277306-07 (2, 2). Spelled poljakovi by authors, including Berg and also Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:372 [ref. 29996], original was poljakowi. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). •Mention -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:372 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

pollan, Coregonus Thompson [W.] 1835:77 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1835 (pt 3) (no. 30) (for 9 June 1835); ref. 17905] Lough Neah, Ireland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1811) -- (Lelek 1987:78 [ref. 22962]). •See Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702]. •Valid as Coregonus pollan Thompson 1835 -- (Kottelat 1997:121 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:85 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:384 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus pollan Thompson 1835. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

polonica, Coregonus lavaretus forma Kulmatycki [W. J.] 1926:328 [Archiwum hydrobiologii i rybactwa [Archives d'Hydrobiologie et d'ichtyologie] v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 19638] Putziger Wiek, western portion of Gulf of Danzig, Poland. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:362 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

polylepidotus, Coregonus omul Smitt [F. A.] 1886:286, Pl. 4 (fig. 62) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 18730] Jugorskii Schar at Chabarovo. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:336 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

polyosteus, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:111 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lapland. Syntypes: (at least 8) BMNH 1862.10.24.15-17 (3), 1862.10.24.18-23 (6). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pomatops, Salmo (Salmo) Bleeker [P.] 1879:15, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 18; ref. 459] China? Holotype (unique): ZMH (lost). Type locality probably incorrect. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

pommerana, Coregonus maraena Thienemann [A.] 1916:98, Figured (gill complex only) [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 48 (nos 4-5); ref. 15081] Pommern, Lake Madü, northern Germany [now Lake Miedwie, Poland]. Possible types: ZMB 3753 (2), 3764 (1). Might be at ZSM. Actually an unneeded new name for Coregonus maraena; see Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]. Types might be at ZSM according to Neumann email 2/20/2017. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:384 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

pravdinellus, Coregonus Dulkeit [G. D.] 1949:10 [Notes on the Fauna and Flora of Siberia 8; ref. 31657] Lake Teleskoye, Atlai, Siberia. Not translated. •Valid as Coregonus pravdinellus Dulkeit 1949 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:142 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus pravdinellus Dulkeit 1949. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Siberia, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

pravdinianus, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] 1948:411 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Kenta River basin of Kem River, Karelia, Russia. Syntypes: 100, not saved. Available as above; appeared first as unavailable, infrasubspecific in Novikow 1935 (see separate entry). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

pravdinianus, Coregonus lavaretus karelicus natio Novikov [P. I.] 1935:171, Pl. 1 [Trudy Karel'skoi Naucho-issledovatel'skoi aistvennoi stantsii [Reports of the Karelia Scientific Research Fishery Station]. v. 1; ref. 13917] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Kenta River, basin of Kem River, Karelia, Russia. Berg 1948:411 [ref. 12882] used the name in an available way as a subspecies, and this makes the name available from Berg 1948. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:384 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

prawdini, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] 1933:125 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Lake Vuontis, Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Coregonus lavaretus forma lapponica Järvi 1928. •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

preblei, Coregonus Harper [F.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1919:266, Pl. 15 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 41 (art. 2); ref. 15213] Tazin River, about l mile above its confluence with Talston River, Mackenzie River basin, Canada. Holotype (unique): VMMB [now CMNFI] 1038 [head & skin] (lost). Type catalog: McAllister 1965:10 [ref. 22019]. •Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:291 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

profundicola, Salvelinus lepechini infra. Berg [L. S.] 1932:174, Figs. 140-141 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Ladoga. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus lepechini (Gmelin 1789) -- (Berg 1948:278 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus lepechini (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

profundus, Salmo fario var. Fuhrmann [O.] 1903:332 [Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, Genève (Sér. 4) v. 16; ref. 15029] Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 809.61 (orig. 3, now 1), MNHN 0000-0837 (2). Original not seen. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo salvelinus var. profundus Schillinger 1901. Replaced by Salvelinus neocomensis Freyhof & Kottelat 2005. •Questionably a synonym of Salvelinus neocomensis Freyhof & Kottelat 2005 -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus neocomensis Freyhof & Kottelat 2005. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

profundus, Salmo salvelinus var. Schillinger [A.] 1901:151, Fig. [Allgemeine Fischerei-Zeitung. Organ des Deutschen Fischerei-Vereins. v. 26 (no. 7, art. 6); ref. 20784] Lake Constance, Germany. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Paralectotypes: whereabouts unknown. Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to Lake Constance, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. Freyhof & Kottelat 2005:255 [ref. 28187] selected a lectotype the specimen figured by Schillinger (specimen not extant). •Valid as Salvelinus profundus (Schillinger 1901) -- (Kottelat 1997:154 [ref. 22952], Freyhof & Kottelat 2005:255 [ref. 28187], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:454 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus profundus (Schillinger 1901). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Constance: Germany, Switzerland and Austria [now extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

prognathus, Coregonus Smith [H. M.] 1895:4, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 14 (art. 1) (for 1894); ref. 10215] Outer Island, Lake Superior, Wisc.; Petosky, Lake Michigan, Mich.; Nine Mile Point, N. Y., U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 10576 & 35344 (7), 23540 (1), 45568 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909) -- (Smith 1986:217 [ref. 22186]). •Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Hoy 1872 [= Milner 1874]) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:259 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Milner 1874). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

proteus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:376 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Bering Sea and Okhotsk Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 23564 (1). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:15 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:182 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:307 [ref. 6363], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pulsensis, Coregonus lavaretus gruppe Kulmatycki [W. J.] 1928:44 [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 19; ref. 23037] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes Puls and Raakow, Poland. Name appeared as "Pulsensis-Gruppe". •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

punctatus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:304 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Alps. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo punctatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Based on Salmo alpinus of Bloch, Pl. 104. Kottelat 1997:90 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to Linnaeus's 1758:308 account of alpinus, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctatus, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1855:417 [Skandinavisk fauna; ref. 3205] Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo punctatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Not an independent species description, but based on Salmo punctatus Cuvier 1829. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctatus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:419 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Osefjord, branch of Ejdfjord, Hardangerfjord, Søndmør region, Bergen, Norway. No types known. Based on the "Salmo maxillis edentulis, inferiore longiore" of Müller 1776:49 (no. 415) [ref. 17808], with reference to Strøm 1762 [ref. 21085]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctatus, Salmo Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:153 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Germany. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo punctatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

purpuratus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:374 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Bolschaja River, Bystraja River, eastern Russia. Syntypes: ZMB 23549 (1, dry), 23554 (1, dry). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:18 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Salmo mykiss Walbaum 1792 -- (Berg 1948:267 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (authors). •Synonym of Parasalmo mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:34 [ref. 23574], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pusillus, Coregonus Bean [T. H.] 1889:526 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 748); ref. 16050] Kuwuk [Kobuk] River, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 38366. Based on literature and specimen. See Reshetnikov 1998:46 [ref. 23570]. •Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:264 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:182 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pycnocentri, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1895:902 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Not intended as a specific name, not available; from Lake Vättern, Sweden. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

pycnocentrus, Coregonus nilsonii Berg [L. S.] 1948:378 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Appeared first as Coregonus nilsonii pycnocentrus Smitt 1886, see Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952]. Not available, name only in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nilssoni Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

quadrilateralis, Coregonus Richardson [J.] 1823:714 [10], Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea; ref. 18624] Fort Enterprise, Hudson Bay, and Arctic Sea. No types known. On p. 10 of separate. •Synonym of Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784) -- (Berg 1948:421 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784), but a valid subspecies -- (Smith 1986:220 [ref. 22186]). •Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:290 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:189 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

quinnat, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1836:219 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Columbia River, western North America. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:188 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:309 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:177 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rappii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:82 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Constance, Europe. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1866.1.10.2-3 (2), ZMB 3718 (1, disintegrated). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

regalis, Leucichthys nigripinnis Koelz [W.] 1929:430 [U. S. Deptment of Commer. Bureau Fish. Document No. 1048; ref. 11809] Lake Nipigon, southwestern Ontario, Canada, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 88354. Paratypes: UMMZ (many), USNM 117610 (6). Not ANSP 102922 (1); Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621]. We date to Milner 1874. •Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Hoy 1872 [= Milner 1874]), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:86 [ref. 22416], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386]). •Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Hoy 1872) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:257 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nigripinnis (Milner 1874). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

regalis, Salmo Snyder [J. O.] 1912:26 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 32 (Doc. 768); ref. 10253] Near Brockway, Lake Tahoe, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 86556. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22497 (1), 23196 (1); USNM 75150 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836, but a valid subspecies -- (La Rivers 1994:311 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies irideus (Gibbons 1855) -- (Behnke 1992:199 [ref. 23385]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

reidur, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:156, 218 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Greenland. No types known. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

reighardi, Leucichthys Koelz [W.] 1924:5 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 146; ref. 15453] Lake Michigan, 18 miles off Michigan City, Indiana, U.S.A., depth 30-35 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 87351. Paratypes: ANSP 123459 (1); MNH 13941-42 (1, 1); UMMZ (many), USNM 117489 [ex UMMZ 54430] (4). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:52 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Coregonus reighardi (Koelz 1924) -- (Lee et al. 1980:89 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:215 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Scott & Crossman 1998:260 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:40 [ref. 26594], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:147 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:388 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus reighardi (Koelz 1924). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Northeastern North America: originally lakes Michigan, Huron and Ontario [now probably extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

reisingeri, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:496 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Danube River in Austria [or Lake Traunsee]. Holotype: MNHN. Locality is Lake Traunsee according to Heckel 1851:376 [ref. 18259], see Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952]. Authorship may be Schrank & Wartmann 1783. •Synonym of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783) -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

relicta, Trutta salar Malmgren [A. J.] 1863:59 [333] [Kritisk öfversigt af Finlands fisk-fauna; ref. 13933] Lake Ladoga at Keksgolm [Kexholm], Finland [now in Russia]. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. On p. 333 of German translation. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:229 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

relictus, Salmo salar brevipes morpha Berg [L. S.] 1932:112 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes Segosero and Wygosero, Russia; also preoccupied. •In the synonymy of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

renatus, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:157, 224 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Moselle River, France. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

renke, Salmo Schrank [F. von P.] 1783:427 [Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde v. 4; ref. 18711] Lake Starnberg, Germany. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:271 [ref. 28925]. •Valid as Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783) -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952], Freyhof 2005:180 [ref. 28437], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:368 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Germany and Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

restrictus, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:662, Pl. 22 I.D [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Morat, Switzerland. No types known. •Valid as Coregonus restrictus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:107 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:355 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus restrictus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Morat, Switzerland [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

rhenana, Salmo lacustris var. Fatio [V.] 1890:347 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Rhine River basin, downriver from the falls [of Schaffhausen], Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 806.96 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhodanensis, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:383 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Geneva, Switzerland and France. •In the synonymy of Coregonus fera Jurine 1825 -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus fera Jurine 1825. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

rhodanensis, Salmo eriox Fowler [H. W.] 1974:62 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 27 (nos 1/2); ref. 7180] Rhône River, France. Syntypes: MNHN 1922-0164 (1) discarded in 1947. Based on infrasubspecific Salmo trutta forma major faces rhodanensis Roule 1923. •Valid as Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:417 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western Europe: France, Switzerland, France and Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

rhodanensis, Salmo trutta major facies Roule [L.] 1923:292 [Bulletin, Sea (sér. 1) v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 19806] Described as forma major facies rhodanensis from the Rhone River, France. Regarded as unavailable, infrasubspecific (additional to a trinomen). See Salmo eriox rhodanensis Fowler 1974. •In the synonymy of Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

rhodurus, Oncorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Hubbs 1925:137, Pls. 7 (fig. 1), 8 (fig. 1-2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Lake Hakone, Sagami, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 59389 [ex CM 7794]. Paratypes: FMNH 58690 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:53 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:62 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Berg 1948:202 [ref. 12882] as masu, Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:39 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus rhodurus Jordan & McGregor 1925 -- (Okada 1961:320 [ref. 6363], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], Shrestha 2008:199 [ref. 29923]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856), but a valid subspecies -- (Matsuura et al. 2000:28 [ref. 26000]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

richardii, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:311 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Fraser and Skagit rivers, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype (unique): USNM 2005 (skin). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:302 [ref. 6363] as richardi). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:177 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

richardsonii, Coregonus Günther [A.] 1866:185 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Arctic North America. Syntypes: (at least 4) BMNH 1856.2.12.25-26 (2, stuffed), 2004.12.8.5 (1, dry); Hasler Hospital Museum specimen not found yet. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

rilla, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:157, 224, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Rille River, tributary of river Seine, France. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ringsjoensis, Coregonus lavaretus forma Malm [A. W.] 1877:460 [ ref. 2881] Ringsjön, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. Originally as ringsjöensis. •Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

riusensis, Coregonus lavaretus natio Steinmann [P.] 1950:397 [Spezieller Teil. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie = Swiss journal of hydrology v. 12; ref. 23028] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes in Switzerland. Name also appears on pp. 416, 421, 429, 431 and 433. •In the synonymy of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:110 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

rivalis, Salmo Fabricius [O.] 1780:176 [Fauna groenlandica, systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis, etc.; ref. 17464] Alpine brooks and ponds of Western Greenland. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rivularis, Salmo Ayres [W. O.] 1855:[2] col. 4 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 4 (nos 7-22); ref. 13428] A few miles back of Martinez, toward the foot of Mount Diablo, Caifornia, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first as above on 20 Apr.; then in Ayres 1855:43 [ref. 159]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo rivularis Pallas 1773. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (early authors). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rizeensis, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2010:338, Figs. 2, 3, 4a, 5a, 14a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 4) [Dec. 2009]; ref. 30689] Stream at Ovit Mountain, Çoruh River drainage, 40°35.32'N, 40°51.50'E, Erzurum Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3000. Paratypes: CMK 21128 (8) and many at FFR. •Valid as Salmo rizeensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010 -- (Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267], Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). Current status: Valid as Salmo rizeensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Çoruh basin (Black Sea tributaries). Habitat: freshwater.

romanovi, Salmo lacustris var. Kavraisky [F. F.] 1896:43, Pls. 8-9 [Die Lachse der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14634] Lake Tabistskhuri, Georgia, Eurasia. Syntypes: (20) ?BMNH 1897.2.9.21-22 (2). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:252 [ref. 12882]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rondeletii, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:470 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Name mentioned in passing; not available. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

roosevelti, Salmo Evermann [B. W.] 1906:26, Pl. 1 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 12306] Volcano Creek, Kern River system, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 53064. Paratypes: AMNH 968 [ex IU 2916] (1); CAS-SU 9255 (4); UMMZ 157680 [ex USNM 126897] (1); USNM 53400 (5), 126897 [ex USBF 1670] (1). Additional material or paratypes: ANSP 38036 (1), 136674 (1); CAS 60239 (1, lost); FMNH 5811 (1); MCZ 29059 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus aguabonita, subspecies aguabonita (Jordan 1892). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus aguabonita (Jordan 1892). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rosei, Salmo Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] 1924:19, Pl. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 12348] Lake Culver, Tulare County, California, U.S.A., elevation 10500 feet. Holotype: CAS-SU 23241. Paratypes: ANSP 51184 (1); CAS-SU 16717-18 (3, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621]. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

rossii, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1835:LVI [Narrative of a second voyage in search of a northwest passage; ref. 18625] Regent's Inlet, Boothia Peninsula, Northwest Territories, Canada. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rostratus, Salmo Shaw [G.] 1804:86 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] European lakes. No types known. Based on literature sources; in part on Salmo thymallus latus Bloch 1782. •Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:120 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rudolphianus, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:531 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Pallas coll. [Yenisei, Siberia, Russia]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 23555. For remarks on systematics see Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rufocaudatus, Thymallus arcticus arcticus natio Kafanova [V. V.] 1970:80 [Trudy Nauchno-Issledovatel’skogo Instituta Biologii i Biofiziki pri Tomskom Gosudarstvennom Universitete, Tomsk v. 1; ref. 36006] Lake in upper Chulyshman River system, upper Ob River basin, Russia No types known. Infrasubspecific, not available. •In the synonymy of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:110 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Thymallinae.

rundsha, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pallas) 1788:159 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Les mers du Nord (Northern Ocean). No types known. Based on Pallas 1788:17 (v. 3) [ref. 18505]. Salmonidae.

russeli, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:324 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Pine Lake, Marquette County, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96962. Paratypes: MCZ 32691 [ex UMMZ] (1), UMMZ (not researched). Genus misspelled Leuchichthys on p. 324. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rutilus, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:10 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Hadeland, southwestern Norway. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

saghaliensis, Salvelinus malma Oshima [M.] 1961:10, Fig. 3 [Japan Wildlife Bulletin v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 18500] Nattsu River, Shakotan, Hokkaido, Japan. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

saimensis, Salmo salar Seppovaara [O.] 1962:78 [Annales zoologici Societatis zoologicae Botanicae Fennicae Vanamo v. 24; ref. 23046] Iso-Saimaa, Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salar, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas and rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:205 [ref. 12882], Dymond 1963:460 [ref. 24571], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:108 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:381 [ref. 13675], Smith 1986:228 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:76 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:97 [ref. 22962], Scott & Scott 1988:129 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:50 [ref. 18983], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:720 [ref. 20764], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:85 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:192 [ref. 24570], Dorofeeva 1998:438 [ref. 24680], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:257 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:66 [ref. 26594], Musick et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24959], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:174 [ref. 26158], Allen et al. 2002:359 [ref. 25930], Kuzishchin et al. 2002:751 [ref. 26574], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:202 [ref. 25968], Delling 2002:298 [ref. 26660], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:89 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:57 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27882], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Hanel & Lusk 2005:299 [ref. 28804], Duhamel et al. 2005:106 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:404 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:305 [ref. 31199], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Raadik 2008:213 [ref. 30624], Minckley & Marsh 2009:96 [ref. 31114], Møller et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:119 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:399 [ref. 31215], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547], McDowall & Roberts 2015:414 [ref. 34244], Pietsch & Orr 2015:22 [ref. 34694], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Afonso et al. 2016:23, 269 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:102 [ref. 35888], Martins & Carneiro 2018:30 [ref. 36550], Ćaleta et al. 2019:179 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, eastern Atlantic, North Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North America and northern Europe; farmed elsewhere with escapees; also introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salaroides, Salmo Güldenstädt [J. A. von] in Pallas 1814:343 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Not available, name in the synonymy of Salmo spurius Pallas. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

salmanata, Trutta Strøm [H.] 1784:123 [Physisk-oeconomisk beskrivelse over Eger-praestgiaeld i Aggerhuus-stift i Norge; ref. 22961] Eger, Buskerud District, Norway. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salmarinus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:310 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "Tridenti in fluviis frigidus saxosis" and Italy. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus. Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

salmo, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:169, Pl. 614 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Dieppe, Fecamp, Abbeville, Manche, North Sea, Belgium, Netherlands, England, Berlin. Syntypes: MNHN A-8552 (1, dry), A-8559 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:301 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salmulus, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:65 (61) [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Rivers Wye, upper Severn and tributaries, north of England and Wales, U. K. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salmulus, Salmo fario var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:400 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Species name corrected from faris on p. 400 to fario in corrigenda (p. 580). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

salonitana, Trutta obtusirostris Karaman [S.] 1927:256 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 2 (nos 1-2); ref. 15859] Jadro River at Split and Krka River at Knin, Croatia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079] as solitana). •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). •Valid as Salmo salonitana (Karaman 1927) -- (Zupančič 2008:67 [ref. 29926]) Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

salvelinoinsularis, Salmo form Lönnberg [E.] 1900:7 [Bihang till Kongl. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar. Stockholm v. 26 (Afd. 4) (no. 4); ref. 28826] Lake Ella, Bear Island. Lectotype: 116 mm SL female (lost). Paralectotypes: (2) lost. Described as Salmo salvelino-insularis-Form. Regarded as infraspecific and unavailable as above in the Catalog of Fishes. Treated by Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:434 [ref. 29996] as available for the small species in Bear Island lakes. Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320] designate the 116-mm SL specimen (lost) as lectotype to establish that connection. •Valid as Salvelinus salvelinoinsularis (Lönnberg 1900) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:426 [ref. 29996], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320]) Current status: Valid as Salvelinus salvelinoinsularis (Lönnberg 1900). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Bear Island (74°25'N, 19°00'E). Habitat: freshwater.

salvelinostagnalis, Salmo Smitt [F. A.] 1886:111 et seq., 163 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 18730] Teriberka, mouth of river Murmansk, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Syntypes: NRM 12050-51 (1, 1). Originally salvelino-stagnalis. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:270 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salvelinus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Lintz, Austria. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

samlet, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:305 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] As Le Salmlet; apparently not Latinized, not available. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

samulus, Salmo fario var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:61 (65) [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Great Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sanctibenedicti, Coregonus fera var. Thienemann [A.] 1912:176, Pls. 2 (figs. 1-3), 3 (fig. 11) [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 32; ref. 14891] Lake Laacher, west of Andernach, Eiffel, Germany [apparently introduced]. Might be at ZSM. Originally as var. sancti benedicti. Types might be at ZSM according to Neumann email 2/20/2017. •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus candidus Goll 1883 -- (Kottelat 1997:105 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus candidus Goll 1883. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

sanguinolentus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:379 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Rivers of Kamchatka, Russia and Bering Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 23556 (1, dry). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:17 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:196 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:314 [ref. 6363], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:32 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sapidissimus, Coregonus Agassiz [L.] 1850:344 [Lake Superior; ref. 66] Lake Superior, North America. Syntypes: MCZ. Type as, "We take as the type of this species the description and figure of Thompson, N. H. Verm. 1842 I, 143;" but that does not establish a type specimen; Agassiz had other specimens that we regard as syntypes as well as Thompson's specimen. •Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:277 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill 1818). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

saramao, Salmo Jordan [D. S.] & Oshima [M.] in Oshima 1919:14 [4], Fig. [Taiwan Nojiho No. 151; ref. 12344] Pond at Saramao Police Station, Musha, Taiko River, Nanto, Taiwan. Lectotype: CAS-SU 20354. Paralectotype: (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]. On p. 4 of English translation. A forgotten name is Salmo formosanus Jordan & Oshima 1919. Case 3526 to suppress saramao and conserve the name formosanus is approved in Opinion 2301, 69(2):155-156. Lectotype designation by Ho & Shao 2011:35 [ref. 31432]. •Synonymy of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856), subspecies formosanus Jordan & Oshima 1919 -- (Ho & Shao 2011: 35 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus formosanus (Jordan & Oshima 1919) -- (Ho & Gwo 2010:300 [ref. 31205], Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus formosanus (Jordan & Oshima 1919). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sardinella, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:517 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Irtysk and Kolyma rivers, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: ?MNHN B-2499 (1). •Valid as Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848 -- (Berg 1948:328 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:150 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:90 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:377 [ref. 13675], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:42 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:46 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:262 [ref. 24570], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:64 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:182 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:135 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:390 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:373 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:387 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:124 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:21, 132 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin, North America (Alaska and northwestern Canada) and Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sargenti, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:320 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Sargent Lake, Isle Royal, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96961. Paratypes: UMMZ 100144-45 (3, 5). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

savinovi, Brachymystax lenok Mitrofanov [V. P.] 1959:275 [Sbornik Rabot po Ikhtiologii i Gidrobiologii, Alma-Ata 1959 (no. 2); ref. 11936] Lake Marka-Kul, Altai, Irtysh River system, Ob' River drainage, Kazakhstan. Syntypes: (many). See Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085] for remarks on systematics. •See also Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:31 [ref. 23574] and Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773), but a valid subspecies savinovi Mitrofanov 1959 -- (Mitrofanov et al. 1986:192 [ref. 35970]). •Questionably a synonym of Bathymystax lenok (Pallas 1773) -- (Kottelat 2006:15 [ref. 28831]). •Valid as Brachymystax savinovi Mitrofanov 1959 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:12 [ref. 22798], Xing et al. 2015:198 [ref. 33820]). Current status: Valid as Brachymystax savinovi Mitrofanov 1959. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

saxatilis, Salmo Schrank [F. von P.] 1798:320 [Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baieren einheimischen und zahmen Thiere. v. 1; ref. 6444] Bavaria and other localities. No types known. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:279 [ref. 28925]. Based on Bloch, p. 157, Pl. 23 [ref. 17254]. Kottelat 1997:137, 141 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to Germany, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

scallensis, Coregonus holsatus forma Thienemann [A.] 1921:177 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 87 (pt A no. 2); ref. 15332] Lake Schaal, Mecklenburg, Germany. No types known. Also in Thienemann 1922 [ref. 23031]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:383 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

scharffi, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1908:228, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 14349] Lough Owel in Westmeath, Ireland. Holotype (unique): BMNH. •Valid as Salvelinus scharffi Regan 1908 -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus scharffi Regan 1908. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

schiefermuelleri, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1784:157, Pl. 103 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] Lakes in Austria. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Non-types or possible syntypes: ZMB 3720-21 (1, 1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:125-126 [ref. 24282]. See Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952] for remarks on types. Spelled schiefermulleri on plate and schiefermülleri [= schiefermuelleri] in text and in index (p. 221). Spelled schiefermulleri in Bonnaterre 1788:160 [ref. 4940] and schieffermulleri in Lacepède 1803:187 [ref. 4930]. On p. 133 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected as the single specimen from the lakes of Austria -- restrcting the name to the species from Austrian lakes by Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:80-81 [ref. 30320]. That specimen is lost. •Tentatively valid as Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784 -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:83 [ref. 30320]). Current status: Valid as Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lakes of Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

schinzii, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:664, Pl. 22 II.B [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Unneeded new name for Coregonus fear Jurine 1825. •Synonym of Coregonus fera Jurine 1825 -- (Kottelat 1997:104 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus fera Jurine 1825. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

schmidti, Coregonus ussuriensis var. Berg [L. S.] 1909:53 [Zapiski Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk de St.-Petersbourg (Ser. 8) v. 24 (no. 9); ref. 5116] Sungari [Songhua] River at Harbin, China. Holotype (unique): ZIN 13773. •Synonym of Coregonus ussuriensis Berg 1906 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:676 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus ussuriensis Berg 1906. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

schmidti, Salvelinus malma Viktorovsky [R. M.] 1978:66, Fig. 2 opp. p. 15 [Mechanisms of species formation in charr of Lake Kronotskoye; ref. 8202] Tributary to Lake Kronotskoye, Kamchatka, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 41396. Paratypes: ZIN 40482-83 (2, 5). See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574]. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (see Lee et al. 1980:115 [ref. 22416]). •Valid as Salvelinus schmidti Viktorovsky 1978 -- (Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:21 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:105 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:164 [ref. 28183], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus schmidti Viktorovsky 1978. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

schokur, Salmo (Coregonus) Pallas [P. S.] 1776:80, 705 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Ob River, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:353 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:45 [ref. 23570], Parin et al. 2014:120 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus nasus (Pallas 1776). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

schrankii, Salmo Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] in Heckel & Kner 1857:280 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Not available, name only. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). •in the synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

schuensis, Coregonus lavaretus lavaretoides natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1949:41 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk (no. 1); ref. 19598] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Shuya R. and Lake Onega, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

scouleri, Salmo Richardson [J.] 1836:158, Pl. 93 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Observatory Inlet, Columbia River, northwestern U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:307 [ref. 6363], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Scott & Crossman 1998:152 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sebago, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1853:380 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6 (no. 10); ref. 18126] Lake Sebago, southern Maine, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:229 [ref. 12882], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571], Smith 1986:228 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:193 [ref. 24570]). •Mention -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574]). •See also Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies sebago -- (Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

segoseri, Coregonus lavaretus arnoldi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Segozero, Karelia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

segosericus, Coregonus lavaretus pallasi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:74 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Syntypes or Pravdin specimens: ZISP 27341 (1). Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Segozero, Karelia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

seleniris, Salmo Snyder [J. O.] 1933:471 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 11); ref. 10268] Fish Valley region, Lahontan drainage, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS 44171 [not 212]. Paratypes: BMNH 1937.10.15.1-4 (4); CAS 11084 (69), 20754-55 (35, 28), 59941 (2); CAS-SU 31537 (12); UMMZ 142500 (1); USNM 104988 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies seleniris (Snyder 1933) -- (Behnke 1992:116 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Moyle 2002:288 [ref. 26449] as clarki seleneris, Scharpf 2006:26 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:409 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726] misspelled seleneris). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Eastern California, U.S.A. [subspecies seleniris]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sellatus, Thymallus Kaschenko [N.] 1899:135, Pl. 2 [Results of the Altai Zoological Expedition; ref. 19630] Tenga [Kenga] Lake, basin of Urusul River in Altai, Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: (4) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:424 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 2006:23 [ref. 28831]). •Questionable synonym of Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899 (Dyldin et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus nikolskyi Kaschenko 1899. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

semipunctata, Salar ausonii var. Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:251 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Color variety; not available, infrasubspecific (Kottelat 1997 interpretation). •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

septentrionalis, Salmo lacustris var. Fatio [V.] 1890:354 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Original not seen. Unneeded substitute name for Salmo lacustris var. rhenana Fatio 1890. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sevanicus, Coregonus lavaretus Dadikyan [M. G.] 1986:124, Fig. 7 [Fishes of Armenia; ref. 16233] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Based on an introduced species from the R. Volkhov, trib. to Ladoga Lake. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

shasta, Salmo gairdneri var. Jordan [D. S.] 1894:142, Pl. [Biennial Report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California (1893-1894); ref. 12345] California, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 10903 [not CAS-SU 903 as published]. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 4748 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established in Jordan & Evermann 1896:502 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (Smith 1986:228 [ref. 22186]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) -- (current authors). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sieboldi, Coregonus lavaretus sulzeri natio Berg [L. S.] 1932:130 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; unneeded replacement name. •In the synonymy of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

signifer, Coregonus Richardson [J.] 1823:711 [7], Pl. 26 [Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea; ref. 18624] Rivers north of Great Slave Lake, Canada. No types known. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:48 [ref. 23573], Chereshnev et al. 2001:75 [ref. 26736]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:201 [ref. 23374], Scott & Crossman 1998:304 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:191 [ref. 25968]). •Mention -- (Kottelat 2006:86 [ref. 28831]). •Valid as Thymallus signifer (Richardson 1823) -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus signifer (Richardson 1823). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Russia: Chukchi Peninsula; coasts of Arctic Ocean north of 62°N. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sikus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:308 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Rivers of Norway. Valenciennes specimens: MNHN A-7526 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:307 [ref. 293]. Available from a brief description and citation to "Ascan. pl. xxx, sous le nom de Lavaret." Described as Coregonus sikus in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:500 [ref. 1013]. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (authors). •Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sisco, Argyrosomus Jordan [D. S.] 1875:136 [American Naturalist v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 10439] Lake Tippecanoe, northern Indiana, U.S.A. Also appeared as new in Annual Report of the Indiana Geological Survey v. 6 (for 1874) 1875:190, 1 pl. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

siscowet, Salmo Agassiz [L.] 1850:333, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Lake Superior; ref. 66] Michipicotin, on northeastern shore of Lake Superior, North America. Syntypes: MCZ 10031 and 10032 (2, skeletons). See Salmo siskawitz Herbert 1850 and Salmo siskiwit Agassiz 1848. Spelled siskawitz in Herbert 1850:112 [ref. 17299] from Agassiz account and siskiwit in Agassiz 1848:61 [ref. 15806]. Also spelled siskowit in Kennicott 1855:594 [ref. 26682]. Herbert might date to 1849, and thus, predate siscowet of Agassiz, both of which were predated by siskiwit Agassiz 1848. However, siscowet has appeared in literature more commonly and could be conserved as a nomen protectum. In Jordan 1878:430 [ref. 2379] and Jordan 1878:105 [ref. 10445] as siscowet. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Superior (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

siskawitz, Salmo Herbert [W. H.] (ex Agassiz) 1850:112, Fig. [Frank Forester's fish and fishing of the United States and British Provinces of North America.; ref. 17299] See Salmo siscowet Agassiz 1850. Herbert might date to 1849. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

siskiwit, Salmo Agassiz [L.] 1848:61 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 3 (1848-1851); ref. 15806] Lake Superior, U.S.A. and Canada. See Salmo siskawitz Herbert 1850. Spelled siskawitz in Herbert 1850:112 [ref. 17299] from Agassiz account and siscowet in Agassiz 1850:333 [ref. 66] with detailed description and figure (Pl. 1, fig. 3). Also spelled siskowit in Kennicott 1855:594 [ref. 26682]. Herbert might date to 1849, and thus, predate siscowet of Agassiz, both of which were predated by siskiwit Agassiz 1848. However, siscowet has appeared in literature more commonly and could be conserved as a nomen protectum. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

smaragdus, Salmo Snyder [J. O.] 1917:80, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 35 (for 1915-16); ref. 4156] Pyramid Lake, Nevada, U.S.A., depth 40 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 75596. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836, but a valid subspecies -- (La Rivers 1994:313 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies irideus (Gibbons 1855) -- (Behnke 1992:199 [ref. 23385]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

smithi, Salmo clarki Sigler [W. F.] & Sigler [J. W.] 1987:358 [Fishes of the Great Basin: a natural history; ref. 23386] Name for a subspecies of the cutthroat trout from the Great Basin of w. U.S.A., but no distingishing features were provided; not available. See Behnke 1992:130 [ref. 23385]. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

smitti, Coregonus Warpachowski [N. A.] 1900:414, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 5; ref. 14740] Lake Teletskoye, Ob River basin, Altai Mts., Siberia, Russia. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.7.25.21 [ex ZIN] (1); ZIN 11486-89 (3, 4, 6, 6). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:402 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). •Valid as Coregonus smitti Warpachowski 1900 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:142 [ref. 28183] dated 1901). Current status: Valid as Coregonus smitti Warpachowski 1900. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

snyderi, Prosopium Myers [G. S.] 1932:62, Fig. A [Copeia 1932 (no. 2); ref. 12343] Crescent Lake, Olympic Peninsula, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 23751. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Prosopium coulterii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1892) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:285 [ref. 24570] as coulteri). •Mention -- (McPhail 2007:380 [ref. 31199]). Current status: Synonym of Prosopium coulterii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1892). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

soldatovi, Coregonus lavaretus pidschianoides natio Pravdin [I. F.] in Berg & Pravdin 1948:15, Fig. 14 [Ukazatel' k izdanijam Imperatorskago Russkago Geograficeskago Obscestva i ego otdelov. v. 26 (no. 2)(for 1947); ref. 18571] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Kildinskoye Lake, Kola R. basin, Kola Peninsula, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:398 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kottelat 1997:118 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus pidschian (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

sossvinka, Coregonus tugun Johansen [B. G.] 1945:4 [Tomskoe Otdelenie Moskovskago Obscestva Ispytatelej Priody. Tomsk No. 6; ref. 19603] Sosva River, Russia. Syntypes: (4) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1323 [ref. 20662], Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

spectabilis, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:340 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Neva River at St. Petersburg, Russia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3655-0000-3656 and A-7593 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:304 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spectabilis, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1856:218 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8 (no. 5); ref. 18058] Fort Dalles, Oregon [not St. Mary's Mission]. Holotype: USNM 7078 [not 377]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Salar spectabilis Valenciennes 1848 in Salmo. Replaced by Salmo campbelli Suckley 1861. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:219 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859) -- (Cavender 1978:145 [ref. 31314]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley 1859). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spilonotus, Coregonus Snyder [J. O.] 1919:6, Fig. (p. 6) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 36 (Doc. 864) (for 1917-18); ref. 12338] Bear Lake near Fish Haven, Idaho, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 83499. Paratypes: (many) JFBM [ex CAS-SU 37958] (1); CAS-SU 37958 (orig. 6, now 5), 41827-32 (6); USNM 143472 (12). One from CAS-SU 37958 sent to Univ. of Minnesota in 1958. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Prosopium spilonotus (Snyder 1919) -- (Lee et al. 1980:101 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:46 [ref. 18983], Sigler & Sigler 1996:198 [ref. 25943], Broughton 2000:649 [ref. 24593] as cf. spilonotus, Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:393 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prosopium spilonotus (Snyder 1919). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Bear Lake, Utah/Idaho, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

spilurus, Salmo Cope [E. D.] 1872:470 [U. S. Geological Survey Territitories Annual Report v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 923] Sangre de Cristo Pass, source of the Rio Grande, Colorado, U.S.A. Syntypes: (6) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621] as not at ANSP. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), subspecies virginalis (Girard 1856) -- (Behnke 1992:151 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spurius, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:343 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea [originally Russian rivers]. Neotype: ZIN 40749. Neotype designated by Bogutskaya & Dorofeeva 2007:136 [ref. 36499]. •In part a synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:242 [ref. 12882]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bogutskaya & Dorofeeva 2007:135 [ref. 36499]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stagnalis, Salmo Fabricius [O.] 1780:175 [Fauna groenlandica, systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis, etc.; ref. 17464] Alpine ponds, western Greenland. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:207 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stanleyi, Coregonus Kendall [W. C.] 1903:366, fig'd [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 12340] Thoroughfare between Mud and Cross lakes, Maine, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 50828. Paratypes: AMNH 985 (2); FMNH 4819 (2); MCZ 30255 (2); CAS-SU 9846 (2); USNM 50829 (2), 126878 [ex USBF 1018, USFC 2746] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:27 [ref. 12367]. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

steckbornensis, Coregonus macrophthalmus var. Nüsslin [O.] 1882:208 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 5; ref. 14296] Outlet of Untersee near Steckborn, Lake Constance, Germany. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:112 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus macrophthalmus Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

steindachneri, Coregonus Nüsslin [O.] 1882:279, Fig. 7 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 5; ref. 14296] Lake Traunsee in Salzburg, Austria. Syntypes: BMNH 1883.1.25.10 (1), NMW 64818 (1). •Synonym of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783) -- (Kottelat 1997:115 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus renke (Schrank 1783). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

stellatus, Fario Girard [C. F.] 1856:219 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8 (no. 5); ref. 18058] Washington State to California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 584 (4), 585 (2), 586 (2, lost), 587 (3, lost), 588 (6, lost), 589 (1, lost), 590 (2, lost), 591 (2, lost). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837) -- (Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Scott & Crossman 1998:182 [ref. 24570] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stenorhynchi, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1895:902 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Not intended as a specific name, not available; from Lake Vättern, Sweden. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

stigmaticus, Coregonus clupeoides Regan [C. T.] 1908:489 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14354] Haweswater, Cumberland, and Ullswater, Westmoreland, England. Syntypes: (12) BMNH uncat. (1, skin), BMNH 1861.12.9.2-3 (2), 1866.4.12.1-2 (2), 1864.10.3.1 (1), 1904.6.2.5 (1), 1904.7.28.15-17 (3), 1905.5.20.2 (1). •Valid as Coregonus stigmaticus Regan 1908 -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:384 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus stigmaticus Regan 1908. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: England. Habitat: freshwater.

stomachicus, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:95 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lough Melvin, Ireland. Syntypes: BMNH 2012.10.12.1-4 (4). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Valid as Salmo stomachicus Günther 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:407. [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo stomachicus Günther 1866. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lough Melvin, Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

stomias, Salmo (Salar) Cope [E. D.] 1871:433 [U.S. Geological Survey of Wyoming & Contiguous Territories Part 4 (art. 8); ref. 19655] South Platte River, near Fort Riley, Kansas, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7825-26 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621]. See Behnke 1992:146 [ref. 23385] for comments on type locality. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies stomias (Cope 1871) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:178 [ref. 23374] as clarki, Behnke 1992:146 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:407 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Upper South Platt and Arkansas river systems: Colorado and historically southeastern Wyoming, U.S.A. [subspecies stomias]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stonei, Salmo gairdneri Jordan [D. S.] 1894:60 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 46; ref. 18883] McCloud River at Baird, Shasta County, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 10900. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies stonei (Jordan 1884) -- (Behnke 1992:191 [ref. 23385], Fuller et al. 1999:250 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:272 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:413 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Warner Valley, Goose Lake, and Chewaucan Basin, Upper Sacramento River system, California, U.S.A. [subspecies stonei]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

striatus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:407 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Kamchatka, Russia. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:314 [ref. 6363] with question, Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

striatus, Salmo Reisinger [J.] 1830:44 [Specimen ichthyologiae sistens pisces aquarium dulcium Hungariae; ref. 18620] Liptov, Hungary [now Slovakia]. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo striatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

stroemii, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1374 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Denmark [now Sondmor, Norway]. See Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952] for locality information. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

strom, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Müller) 1788:168 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Norway. No types known. Based on Salmo maxillis edentulis, inferiore longiore of Müller 1776:49, No. 415 [ref. 17808]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

struanensis, Salmo Maitland [J. P. G.] 1881:516 [v. 59; ref. 23051] Loch Rannoch, Pertshire, Scotland, U.K. Syntypes: BMNH 1881.11.3.1-2 (2). •Valid as Salvelinus struanensis (Maitland 1881) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:443 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus struanensis (Maitland 1881). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

subautumnalis, Coregonus Kaganowsky [A. G.] in Berg 1932:215, Fig. 163 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Penzhina River at Penzhino village. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. See Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:42 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus subautumnalis Kaganowsky 1932 -- (Berg 1948:346 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:66 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:34 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:144 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:125 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus subautumnalis Kaganowsky 1932. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Sea of Okhotsk, Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

suecica, Coregonus holsatus forma Thienemann [A.] 1921:177 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 87 (pt A no. 2); ref. 15332] Northern part of Lake Vättern near Motala, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

suidteri, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1885:662 [Recueil Zoologique Suisse, series 1 v. 2; ref. 19916] Lake Sempach, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 676.07 (1), 715.89 (1), 816.26 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. Also appeared in Fatio 1885:253 [ref. 199919] without description. See Kottelat 1997:109-110 [ref. 22952] for discussion of name use. •Valid as Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:359 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

sulzeri, Coregonus Nüsslin [O.] 1882:253, Figs. 5-6 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 5; ref. 14296] Lake Pfäffikon [Pfäffiker], Switzerland. Syntypes: NMW 78751 (1), SMNS 3125 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:29 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

sunapee, Salvelinus Quackenbos [J. D.] 1889:185, Pl. [Annual Report of the Commission of Fisheries, Game & Forests of New York 1896; ref. 31529] Sunapee Lake, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Probably not available, as vernacular name only. Quackenbos 1893:139-151 [ref. 30282] only used the vernacular name 'Sunapee Saibling' or 'Sunapee form'. But apparently available as above. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus aureolus Bean 1887. Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

sunensis, Coregonus lavaretus lavaretoides natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1929:7 et seq., Pls. 1-6 [Izvestiya Otdela prikladnoi ikhtiologii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 18574] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Suna R. and Shuya River, Onega Lake basin, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:377 [ref. 12882]). •In the synonymy of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus megalops Widegren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

supernas, Leucichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1911:22, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 29 (for 1909); ref. 2452] Lake Superior, off the mouth of Knife River, near Duluth, Minnesota, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 64679. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570] as artedii). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

svetovidovi, Salvethymus Chereshnev [I. A.] & Skopets [M. B.] 1990:206, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 19213] Lake El'gygytgyn, Anadyr' River basin, Central Chukotka, northeastern Russia, depth about 70 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48476. Paratypes: ZIN 48477 (8). •Valid as Salvethymus svetovidovi Chereshnev & Skopets 1990 -- (Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Chereshnev 1996:166 [ref. 24658], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:41 [ref. 23574], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:107 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:166 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Salvethymus svetovidovi Chereshnev & Skopets 1990. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake El'gygytgyn, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

svetovidovi, Thymallus Knizhin [I. B.] & Weiss [S. J.] 2009:2, Fig. 2 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 49 (no. 1); ref. 30048] Sharga Gol River, Mongolia. Holotype: ZMMU R-21992. Paratypes: ZMISU R-8 (23), ZMMU R-21993 (2). •Questionably valid as Thymallus svetovidovi Knizhin & Weiss 2009 -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus svetovidovi Knizhin & Weiss 2009. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Upper reaches of the Yenisei River, Mongolia. Habitat: freshwater.

swetowidowi, Brachymystax lenox Kirillov [F. N.] 1962:12 [Trudy Instituta Biologii / Akademiia Nauk SSSR, i Akutskiii filial. v. 8; ref. 23017] Vilyui River, Yakutai, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallis 1773) -- (Kottelat 2006:15 [ref. 28831], Parin et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

swirensis, Coregonus lavaretus baeri natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:201, Pl. 8 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Not available from above, infrasubspecific; from Svir River, Russia. Appeared first as name only in Polyakov 1874:XXXI [ref. 19594]. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:368 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

sylvaticus, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1367 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Norway; Berlin, Germany; Danzig [Gdansk], Poland. Syntypes: ZMB (lost). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sylvaticus, Salmo fario var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:61 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Germany. No types known. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

symmetrica, Salmo Prescott [W.] 1851:340 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 11 (no. 33); ref. 18575] [Winnipisseogee] Apparently Winnipesaukee Lake, New Hampshire. No types known. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:257 [ref. 23389] as symmetricus). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

syrok, Coregonus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:499 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Ob River, Petchora, Lake Baikal, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:45 [ref. 23570], Sideleva 2001:49 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Kottelat 2006:20 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus peled (Gmelin 1789). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tahoensis, Salmo clarkii Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:2870 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Lake Tahoe, California/Nevada, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 4370. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:14 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), subspecies henshawi (Gill 1878) -- (Behnke 1992:112 [ref. 23385] as clarki). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

taimen, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1773:716 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Rivers of Siberia, Russia flowing into the Arctic Ocean. Lectotype: ZMB 23561. Originally as taïmen. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:21 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:21 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Hucho hucho (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659]). •Valid as Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:296 [ref. 12882], Hensel & Holčík 1983:68 [ref. 36467], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:13 [ref. 22798], Kottelat 1997:124 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Yue & Chen 1998:29 [ref. 26415], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Sideleva 2001:46 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:151 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:18 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:54 [ref. 28933], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:397 [ref. 29996], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:189 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853], Romanov et al. 2017:825 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Hucho taimen (Pallas 1773). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin: Russia, Mongolia, China and Europe. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

taimyricus, Salvelinus Mikhin [V. S.] in Berg 1949:1322 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 30; ref. 20662] Lake Taimyr, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 31497. Berg ascribes the species to Mikhin 1949, Trudy Arkticheskogo Instituta, type locality L. Taimyr, type no. 31497; reference not yet found but that description is apparently not available. •Valid as Salvelinus taimyricus Mikhin 1949 -- (Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:162 [ref. 28183]). •See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:38 [ref. 23574]. Current status: Valid as Salvelinus taimyricus Mikhin 1949. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

taleri, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1933:2 [Ribarski List, Polusluzbeni Organ Ministarstva Poljoprivrede, Sarajevo v. 7 (nos. 9-10); ref. 18371] Upper Zeta River at Niksic, Lake Skadar basin, Montenegro. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Tentatively valid as Salmo taleri (Karaman 1933) -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo taleri (Karaman 1933) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:426 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985]). Current status: Valid as Salmo taleri (Karaman 1933). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Montenegro. Habitat: freshwater.

tapdisma, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:364 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:301 [ref. 6363], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tapinorhynchi, Coregonus Smitt [F. A.] 1895:902 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Not intended as a specific name, not available; from Lake Vättern, Sweden. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

taranetzi, Salvelinus Kaganowsky [A. G.] 1955:54, Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 3; ref. 25652] No types at ZIN. Syntypes: (10). See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:39 [ref. 23574]. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:199 [ref. 25968]. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386]). •Valid as Salvelinus taranetzi Kaganowsky 1955 -- (Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:21 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:106 [ref. 26736], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:162 [ref. 28183], Frolov 2005:1406 [ref. 31790], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:119 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215], Parin et al. 2014:142 [ref. 33547], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus taranetzi Kaganowsky 1955. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia and Alaska [subspecies taranetzi]. Habitat: freshwater.

tasmanicus, Salmo salar Johnston [R. M.] 1889:xvi [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1888; ref. 19264] Tasmania, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

taurinus, Salmo Walker [J.] 1812:373 [Essays on natural history and rural economy; ref. 23049] Original not seen. Not available, no distinguishing features; from Loch Leven, Scotland. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

telekinae, Coregonus lavaretus vygensis natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:62 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (for 1947) (no. 3); ref. 19596] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Vygozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:1324 [ref. 20661]). •In the synonymy of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:117 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:139 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

thienemanni, Coregonus lavaretus norvegicus natio Berg [L. S.] 1932:129 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Mjören and river Vormen, Norway. •Placement unclear -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

thingvallensis, Salmo alpinus var. Saemundsson [B.] 1908:93 [Skrifter Udgivne af Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser No. 5; ref. 23050] Lake Thingvalla, Iceland. Syntypes: IMNH. •Valid as Salvelinus thingvallensis (Saemundsson 1908) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:452 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus thingvallensis (Saemundsson 1908). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Thingvalla, Iceland. Habitat: freshwater.

thunensis, Coregonus schinzii helveticus var. Fatio [V.] 1890:228 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes Thun and Brienz, Switzerland. •In the synonymy of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:108 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus alpinus Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

thymalloides, Coregonus Richardson [J.] 1823:714 [10] [Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea; ref. 18624] Rivers north of Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. No types known. On p. 10 of separate. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:304 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Thymallus signifer (Richardson 1823) -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus signifer (Richardson 1823). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

thymallus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:311 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Coastal rivers of Europe; Rhine River near Basel, Switzerland. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.159 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:207 [ref. 13434]. Spelled Salmo thymalus by Berkenhout 1789:81 [ref. 12437]. •Valid as Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:431 [ref. 12882], Lelek 1987:93 [ref. 22962], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:49 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:301 [ref. 24570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Hanel 2003:60 [ref. 27894], Antonov 2004:445 [ref. 27927], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:148 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:327 [ref. 28804], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:459 [ref. 29996], Parin et al. 2014:129 [ref. 33547], Dyldin et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35967], Ćaleta et al. 2019:180 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Persat et al. 2019:237 [ref. 37049]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Middle and northern Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

thymus, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Salviani) 1788:167, Pl. 53 (fig. 202) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Rivers of England and Germany. No types known. Based on 'De thymalo (Thymus)' of Saviani 1558:81, Pl. 16 [ref. 30229]. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tigridis, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Bektaş [Y.] 2011:24, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 2993; ref. 31466] Çatak Stream, Tigris River drainage, Van Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 1250. Paratypes: FFR 1253 (9), CMK 19665 (2). •Valid as Salmo tigridis Turan, Kottelat & Bektaş 2011 -- (Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Salmo tigridis Turan, Kottelat & Bektaş 2011. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Tigris River [Dicle Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Van Province; possibly Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

tigurinus, Coregonus Fatio [V.] 1890:200 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Not available, name only listed in footnote under account of Coregonus asperi. •In the synonymy of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

timagamiensis, Salvelinus Henn [A. W.] & Rinkenbach [W. H.] 1925:131, Pls. 8-9; Text figs. 1-3 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 16; ref. 15543] White Pine Lake, Gamble Township, Timagami Forest Reserve, Ontario, Canada. Holotype: FMNH 70514 [ex CM 7969]. Paratypes: FMNH 70515 (11). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:213 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814), but a valid subspecies -- (Scott & Scott 1988:145 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:86 [ref. 14674], Scharpf 2006:34 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill 1814). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Ontario, Canada; maintained as hatchery stocks. Habitat: freshwater.

tolmachoffi, Salvelinus Berg [L. S.] 1926:4, Pl. 2 [not 1, interchanged] [Materialy Komissii po Izuceniju Jakutskoj Avtonomnoj Sovetskoj Socialisticeskoj Respubliki = Matériaux de la Commission pour l'Etude de la République Autonome Soviétique Socialiste Iakoute / Akademija Nauk SSSR. No. 2; ref. 16256] Yesei Lake, Khatanga River basin, Sakha-Yakutia, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 21275 (2). Captions for plates 1 and 2 are reversed. See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:39 [ref. 23574]. •Valid as Salvelinus tolmachoffi Berg 1926 -- (Berg 1948:281 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:730 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:162 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus tolmachoffi Berg 1926. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

toma, Salmo Holmes [E.] (ex Hamlin) 1863:109 [Second Annual Report of Nat. Hist. Geol. State Maine; ref. 26847] Lakes of Maine, U.S.A., and New Brunswick, Canada. No types known. On p. 112 it is stated, "Copied from a brochure on the Tongue, published by A. C. Hamlin, M. D., Bangor." Holmes apparently provided the scientific name; authorship as Homes and Hamlin or Hamlin and Homes is worth consideration. •Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

toposericus, Coregonus lavaretus pravdininaus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:76 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Topozero, Kuoriyarvi and Loukhskoe lakes, Karelia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

topozeri, Coregonus albula natio Novikov [P. I.] 1947:60? [Byulleten Rybnogo Khozyaistva Karelo-Finskoi SSR No. 1; ref. 21748] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Topozero, Russia. •In the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:318 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

trevelyani, Salvelinus Regan [C. T.] 1908:229, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 14349] Lough Finn in Donegal, Ireland. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.8.27.4. •Valid as Salvelinus trevelyani Regan 1908 -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus trevelyani Regan 1908. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

tricolor, Thymallus Cope [E. D.] 1865:80 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 907] Michigan, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 7796 (in mutiple parts). Cope specimens, possible original syntypes/paralectotypes: ANSP 7795 [ex USNM 11088] (1, disintegrated); USNM 23217 (4 missing), 37862 (1, skin, missing); UMMZ 157347 (1), 213814 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621]; see also Fowler 1918:5 [ref. 11665]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1912:555 •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:201 [ref. 23374], Scott & Crossman 1998:304 [ref. 24570]). •Questionably synonym of Thymallus signifer (Richardson 1823) -- (Dyldin et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus signifer (Richardson 1823). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

truncatus, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1859:3 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 1); ref. 18855] Juan de Fuca Strait, northwestern North America. Holotype (unique): USNM 1134 (not found in 1980). •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (La Rivers 1994:300 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:191 [ref. 24570] as gairdneri). •Now regarded as a synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

trutta, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:24 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •See discussion in Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:235 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:146 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:109 [ref. 22416], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:151 [ref. 25473], Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:382 [ref. 13675], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:38 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:230 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:76 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:101 [ref. 22962], Robison & Buchanan 1988:126 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:134 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:148 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:52 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:51 [ref. 18983], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Boschung 1992:68 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:348 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:261 [ref. 24071], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Gomon et al. 1994:231 [ref. 22532], La Rivers 1994:318 [ref. 23389], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:580 [ref. 21581], Baxter & Stone 1995:190 [ref. 23374], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Stauffer et al. 1995:237 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:170 [ref. 23394], Economidis 1995:207 [ref. 23025], Apostolidis et al. 1996:551 [ref. 24743], Apostolidis et al. 1996:608 [ref. 24724], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:81 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Andersen & Deacon 1996:126 [ref. 24717], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Mettee et al. 1996:425 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:204 [ref. 25943], Bianco et al. 1996:55 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1106 [ref. 25523], Bianco 1997:612 [ref. 26725], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Morgan et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24611], Scott & Crossman 1998:197 [ref. 24570], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:258 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:51 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:299 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867] as species and subspecies, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:261 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:358 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:298 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:293 [ref. 26449], Delling 2002:283 [ref. 26660], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:92 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:57 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:156 [ref. 27882], Miller & Robison 2004:258 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:354 [ref. 27995], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Hanel & Lusk 2005:305 [ref. 28804], Duhamel et al. 2005:110 [ref. 32059], Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986], Paxton et al. 2006:415 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:408 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:52 [ref. 30517], McPhail 2007:311 [ref. 31199], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Raadik 2008:213 [ref. 30624], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Minckley & Marsh 2009:97 [ref. 31114], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:21 [ref. 36649] subspecies trutta, Page & Burr 2011:400 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:188 [ref. 31755], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547] suspecies trutta, Sarmiento et al. 2014:135, 189 [ref. 35004], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Roberts 2015:415 [ref. 34244], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:293 [ref. 34894], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:64 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:108 [ref. 36369], Martins & Carneiro 2018:31 [ref. 36550], Tougard et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36173], Ćaleta et al. 2019:179 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Europe and western Asia, introduced widely elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

truttasalar, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:153, 204 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Europe. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

truttula, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:5 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Sea around Göteborg and Lake Vättern, Sweden. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 or valid -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

trybomi, Coregonus Svärdson [G.] 1979:71, Fig. 30 [Report, Swedish Board of Fisheries, Institute of Freshwater Research, Drottningholm No. 57; ref. 8781] Lake Ören, Sweden. Holotype: NRM 35748. Paratypes: NRM 16231-37 (12, 13, 14, 14, 8, 6, 6), 16372-73 (16, 11), 16727 (17), 16827 (8), 35661 (14), 39286-87 (8, 3). •Status uncertain -- (Schulz & Freyhof 2003:210 [ref. 27387]). •Valid as Coregonus trybomi Svärdson 1979 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:391 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus trybomi Svärdson 1979. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Sweden. Habitat: freshwater.

tschawytscha, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:407 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Kamchatka, Russia. Apparently described independently of Walbaum 1792 but based on same sources. •Objective synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tschawytschiformis, Salmo Smitt [F. A.] 1886:154, 161, Pl. 3 (fig. 30) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 18730] Port Clarence, Alaska, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:182 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:677 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tscholmugensis, Coregonus Danilewsky [N. Y.] 1873:69, footnote [Sel'skoe khozyaistvo i lesovodstvo 113, supplement; ref. 19626] Bay of Lake Onega, Russia. No types known. Original not seen. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:377 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570]). •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tshawytscha, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:71 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Often spelled tschawytscha. •Valid as Salmo tshawytscha Walbaum 1792 -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:204 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berg 1948:188 [ref. 12882] as tschawytscha, Okada 1961:309 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:91 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:77 [ref. 9277], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:156 [ref. 25473], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:40 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:224 [ref. 22186], Scott & Scott 1988:120 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:164 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:28 [ref. 14125] as tschawytscha, Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:47 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:52 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:22 [ref. 26683], La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:89 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659] as tschawytscha, Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Zolotukhin 1997:270 [ref. 24693] as tschawytscha, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702] as tschawytscha, Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:33 [ref. 23574], De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:77 [ref. 23979], Fuller et al. 1999:250 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678] as tschawytscha, Lyons et al. 2000:51 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:303 [ref. 25086] as tschawytscha, Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:20 [ref. 25650] as tschawytscha, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178] as tschawytscha, Chereshnev et al. 2001:86 [ref. 26736] as tschawytscha, Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Allen et al. 2002:358 [ref. 25930], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:207 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:303 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:251 [ref. 26449], Fedorov et al. 2003:38 [ref. 27579] as tschawytscha, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:81 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:152 [ref. 27882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:153 [ref. 28183], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:296 [ref. 31199], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Koerber 2011:7 [ref. 31122], Page & Burr 2011:401 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33547], Koerber 2014:11 [ref. 33621], McDowall & Roberts 2015:413 [ref. 34244], Pietsch & Orr 2015:22 [ref. 34694], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Afonso et al. 2016:22, 240 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:680 [ref. 34853], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496], Kells et al. 2016:102 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:64 [ref. 35805] as tschawytscha, Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Burton & Lea 2019:41 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and Arctic; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tsinlingensis, Brachymystax lenok Li [S.-C.] 1966:92 [English p. 94], Fig. [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 7972] Yangtze River basin, Xushuihe River, Hetaoping Village, Taibai County, Shaanxi Province China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 51100 [ex H2057]. Paralectotypes: ASZIB [now NZMC] (30). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:498 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:89 [ref. 33808] with a lectotype. •Possibly valid -- (Kottelat 2006:18 [ref. 28831]). •Synonym of Brachymystax tumensis Mori 1930 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085] as tsilingensis). •Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773), but a valid subspecies tsinlingensis Li 1966 -- (Kim 1997:356 [ref. 24032], Yue & Chen 1998:35 [ref. 26415], Kim & Park 2002:276 [ref. 25913], Choi et al. 2003:194, 529 [ref. 26218], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Ye et al. 2015:89 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:188 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Brachymystax tsinlingensis Li 1966 -- (Xing et al. 2015:191 [ref. 33820]). Current status: Valid as Brachymystax tsinlingensis Li 1966. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Qinling Mountains, Yangtze and Yellow River basins, China. Habitat: freshwater.

tsuppitch, Salmo Richardson [J.] (ex Gairdner) 1836:224 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Columbia River, western North America. No types known. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:314 [ref. 6363], Behnke 1992:112 [ref. 23385], Scott & Crossman 1998:164 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:678 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tudes, Salmo Cope [E. D.] 1873:24 [1] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 13 (for 17 Jan. 1873); ref. 929] Captain's Harbor, Unalaska, Alaska, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7847-48 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621]. On p. 1 of separate. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:200 [ref. 25968]. •Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:328 [ref. 6363], La Rivers 1994:272 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:219 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tugarinae, Thymallus Knizhin [I. B.], Antonov [A. L.], Safronov [S. N.] & Weiss [S. J.] 2007:Eng. 124, Figs. 2-3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 47 (no. 2); ref. 29043] Anyui River, Amur River basin, Russia. Holotype: ZMISU P-1. Paratypes: ZMISK P-2 (1), P-5 (57), P-6 (19). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Thymallus tugarinae Knizhin, Antonov, Safronov & Weiss 2007 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085], Ma et al. 2007:986 [ref. 32148], Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:676 [ref. 34853], Dyldin et al. 2017:117 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus tugarinae Knizhin, Antonov, Safronov & Weiss 2007. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Russia and China: Amur River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

tugun, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:414 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Jenisea, Lena, Yunguska, Rybniskoe, Chotanga rivers, Siberia, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:334 [ref. 12882], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:46 [ref. 23570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:144 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:125 [ref. 33547], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus tugun (Pallas 1814). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Siberia and Arctic. Habitat: freshwater.

tullibee, Salmo (Coregonus) Richardson [J.] 1836:201, 309 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Cumberland House, Pine Island Lake, Hudson Bay, Canada. Syntypes: (many) decayed and discarded. Additional specimen: BMNH 2004.12.8.4 (1) Hudson Bay. •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:243 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tumensis, Brachymystax Mori [T.] 1930:42 [4], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Chosen Natural History Society No. 11; ref. 16505] Tumen [Tumen-ula] River, Yen-gan, Korea. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Additional specimens: (12, lost). For remarks on systrematics see Kottelat 2006:17-18 [ref. 28831] and Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085]. •Synonym of Brachymystax lenok (Pallas 1773) -- (Berg 1948:300 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:31 [ref. 23574], Sideleva 2001:46 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:12 [ref. 27815], Alekseyev et al. 2004:45 [ref. 27625]). •Valid as Brachymystax tumensis Mori 1930 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Shedko & Shedko 2003:330 [ref. 27966], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:151 [ref. 28183], Ma et al. 2005:257 [ref. 32145], Kottelat 2006:17 [ref. 28831] as cf. tumensis, Bogutskaya et al. 2008:345 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33547], Xing et al. 2015:193 [ref. 33820], Zhang et al. 2016:188 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:676 [ref. 34853], Romanov et al. 2017:825 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Brachymystax tumensis Mori 1930. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

typica, Coregonus holsatus forma Thienemann [A.] 1921:183 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 87 (pt A no. 2); ref. 15332] The term "forma typica" seems to have been used in reference to the "typical form" (nominotypical subspecies) and apparently was not intended as a taxonomic name (also used as such in Thienemann 1922 [ref. 23031]). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

typica, Coregonus lavaretus forma Thienemann [A.] in Järvi 1928:22, Pls. 1-3, 8-9, 15-18 [Acta Zoologica Fennica v. 5; ref. 19622] Marine and freshwaters in the Gulf of Bothnia and Gulf of Finland, Finland. Syntypes: (182) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:362 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:148 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

typicus, Salmo letnica Stefanovic [D.] 1948:181, 4 figs. [Posebna izdanja / Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Beograd 139; ref. 23038] Original not seen. Unneeded replacement name for Trutta letnica Karaman 1924 according to Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924) -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

umbae, Coregonus lavaretus imandrae natio Krogius [F. V.] in Berg 1933:847 [Fauna de l'U.R.S.S. v. 3; ref. 5569] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Umbozero. •In the synonymy of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:390 [ref. 12882]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

umbla, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:310 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Switzerland; Italy. No types known. See Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320] for first reviser action by Agassiz 1835, selecting umbla over alpinus Linnaeus; but alpinus is in prevailing usage and therefore retained. •Valid as Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:155 [ref. 22952], Freyhof & Kottelat 2005:253 et seq. [ref. 28187], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:432 [ref. 29996], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:455 [ref. 29996], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108]). •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: High-altitude lakes: Italy, France, Switzerland, Germany and Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

umbra, Coregonus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:243, 263 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Germany and England. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

umbrae, Coregonus lavaretus imandrae natio Berg [L. S.] (ex Krogius) 1933:847 [Fauna de l'U.R.S.S. v. 3; ref. 5569] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Umbozero, Murmansk, Russia. Also with a Coregonus lavaretus imandrae natio umbrae infranatio peligicola which is also infrasubspecific. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

umbrosa, Thymallus Gistel [J.] 1848:105 [Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs; ref. 1822] Brooks and streams [Europe]. No types known. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ungeri, Trutta Vásárhelyi [S.] 1940:188, Fig. 2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 132 (no. 7/8); ref. 23044] Várvölgy creek in Bükk Range, Kom. Borsod, Hungary. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ursinus, Salmo Barnston [G.] in Suckley 1874:157 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 2 (1872-73) (no. 3); ref. 18857] Listed in Jordan & Evermann 1896:505 [ref. 2443] as in "Rept. Fisheries Canada, Lake Superior; reference uncertain." Probably refers to Barston in Suckley 1874:157 [ref. 18857], where Suckley states, "Mr. Barnston, in a letter, speaks of the existence there [Lake Superior] of another kind of lake-trout, differing from this species [Salmo siscowet], which he calls the "bear-trout." No scientific name was given, but ursinus means of bears. •Nomen nudum; no characters presented. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

ussuriensis, Coregonus Berg [L. S.] 1906:396 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 30 (nos 13/14); ref. 15646] Ussuri River and Khanka Lake, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 13725 (2) Ussuri, 13726 (1) Ussuri, 13727 (2) Khanka Lake. •Valid as Coregonus ussuriensis Berg 1906 -- (Berg 1948:352 [ref. 12882], Zhu 1995:11 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:13 [ref. 22798], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:46 [ref. 23570], Yue & Chen 1998:41 [ref. 26415], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Pietsch et al. 2001:142 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:144 [ref. 28183], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:344 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:188 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:676 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus ussuriensis Berg 1906. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Russia and China to Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

utah, Salmo virginalis var. Suckley [G.] 1874:136 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 2 (1872-73) (no. 3); ref. 18857] Utah Lake, Utah, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) USNM. •Synonym of Salmo clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies as described -- (La Rivers 1994:297 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies utah (Suckley 1874) as described -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:176 [ref. 23374] as clarki, Behnke 1992:132 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Sigler & Sigler 1996:169 [ref. 25943] as clarki, Fuller et al. 1999:244 [ref. 25838] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:406 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Bonneville basin: Idaho, Wyoming, Utah and Nevada, U.S.A. [subspecies utah]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vaetterensis, Coregonus lavaretus Thienemann [A.] 1921:183, 188 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 87 (pt A no. 2); ref. 15332] Lake Vättern, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

vandesius, Coregonus Richardson [J.] 1836:213 [Part 3; ref. 3731] Lochmaben; Solway [Salway] Firth; Castle Loch, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Coregonus vandesius Richardson 1836 -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:391 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus vandesius Richardson 1836. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: England and Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

variabilis, Trutta Lunel [G.] 1874:146, Fig.; Pls. 16-18 [Histoire naturelle des poissons du bassin du Léman; ref. 18460] Lake Leman, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 807.35 (1), 816.06 (1), 816.07 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 [Great European Lakes stock] -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vario, Salmo Nau [B. S.] 1787:22 [Oekonomische Naturgeschichte der Fische in der Gegend um Mainz; ref. 18473] Lohr River near Lohr am Main, Bayern, Germany. No types known. Unneeded new name for Salmo fario Linnaeus 1758. •Objective synonym of Salmo fario Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

vasiljevae, Salvelinus Safronov [S. N.] & Zvezdov [T. V.] 2005:740, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 45 (no. 6); ref. 28447] Tengi River, upper reaches, northwestern Sakhalin Island. Holotype: ZMUU P-20938. Paratypes: ZMUU P-20939 (1). •Valid as Salvelinus vasiljevae Safronov & Zvezdov 2005 -- (Parin et al. 2014:142 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:682 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus vasiljevae Safronov & Zvezdov 2005. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Sakhalin Island, Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

venernensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:110 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: (at least 7) BMNH 1829.11.8.6 (1), 1853.3.16.37 (1, missing), 1862.3.16.2 (1, stuffed and mounted), 1862.3.16.3 (1, stuffed and mounted). Based on literature and specimens. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:250 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo truttula Nilsson 1832 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ventricosus, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:7 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Sigdal, Norway. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:153 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

verchoswirka, Coregonus ludoga var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874:XXXI [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Not available, name only; from Lake Onega. Published in Pravdin 1931 as Coregonus ludoga werchoswirka. •Questionably in the synonymy Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

vernalis, Salvelinus willughbii forma Frost [W. E.] 1966 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B - Biological Sciences v. 163; ref. 23052] Not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Windermere, Cumbria, U.K. •In the synonymy of Salvelinus willoughbii (Günther 1862) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salvelinus willoughbii (Günther 1862). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

vessicus, Coregonus sardinella Dryagin [P. A.] 1933:23, Fig. 1 [Izvestiya Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Ozernogo i Rechnogo Rybnogo Khozyaistva v. 16; ref. 19616] Lake Beloye [Belozero], Karelia, Russia. Syntypes: (50) whereabouts unknown. Author's name also spelled Drjagin. Apparently appeared first in Berg 1932:208 [ref. 278] and dates to Drjagin in Berg. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

vessicus, Coregonus sardinella Dryagin [P. A.] in Berg 1932:208, Fig. 160 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Lake Beloye [Belozero], Karelia, Russia. Syntypes: (50) whereabouts unknown. Author is P. A. Dryagin. Also appeared in Drjagin 1933. •Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:333 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952] with question, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:41 [ref. 23570], Sideleva 2001:47 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:13 [ref. 27815]). •Valid as Coregonus vessicus Dryagin 1932 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:391 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus vessicus Dryagin 1932. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Native to Lake Beloye [Belozero], Russia; now in other Volga reservoirs. Habitat: freshwater.

vexillifer, Thymallus Agassiz [L.] 1839-40:Legend p., Pls. 16, 17, 17b, Anatomie Pl. B [Histoire naturelle des poissons d'eau douce de l'Europe centrale; ref. 21407] New name for and objective synonym of Salmo thymallus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vexillifer, Thymallus Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] (ex Agassiz) 1832:339 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Schwarza, Fischer Traun. No types known. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vexillifer, Thymallus Perty [J. A. M.] 1832:718 [Isis (Oken) v. 25 (no. 7); ref. 18534] Unneeded new name for Salmo thymallus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vigrensis, Coregonus holsatus forma Litynski [A.] 1923:97, Pl. 6 (figs. 1, 3) [Sprawozdania Stacji Hydrobiologicznej na Wigrach = Comptes rendus de la Station Hydrobiologique du Lac de Wigry, Instytut Imienia M. Nenckiego. v. 1 (nos 2-3); ref. 18449] Wigry Lake near Suwalki, Poland. Syntypes: (6) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:384 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

vimba, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:311 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Lake Väner, Sweden. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:318 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:118 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vimbaeformis, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] in Berg & Pravdin 1948:11, Fig. 8 [Ukazatel' k izdanijam Imperatorskago Russkago Geograficeskago Obscestva i ego otdelov. v. 26 (no. 2)(for 1947); ref. 18571] Vulyavr Lake, in Ponoy River basin, Kola Peninsula, Russia. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:390 [ref. 12882]). •Status uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

virginalis, Salar Girard [C. F.] 1856:220 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8 (no. 5); ref. 18058] Utah Creek and at Sangre de Cristo Pass, upper waters of the Rio Grande del Norte (Rio Bravo), U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See Behnke 1992:151 [ref. 23385] for comments on localities. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837), but a valid subspecies virginalis (Girard 1856) -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:30 [ref. 22290], Behnke 1992:149 [ref. 23385] as clarki, Scharpf 2006:27 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:408 [ref. 31215], Penaluna et al. 2016:291 [ref. 34726]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1837). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Rio Grande drainage, Colorado and New Mexico, U.S.A. [subspecies virginalis]. Habitat: freshwater.

viridis, Salmo Doadrio [I.], Perea [S.] & Yahyaoui [A.] 2015:xx, Figs. 8, 10 [Graellsia v. 71 (no. 2) (art. e031); ref. 33950] Isli Lake, Imilchil, Morocco (32.217526, -5.548031). Holotype: MNCN 280413. Paratypes: MNCN. •Valid as Salmo viridis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015. Current status: Valid as Salmo viridis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Isli Lake, Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

visovacensis, Salmo Taler [Z.] 1950:118, Fig. [Glasnik Hrvatskoga Prirodoslovniga drustva (2B) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 12923] Visovac Lake, Dalmatia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies visovacensis Karaman 1938 -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). •Questionably valid as Salmo visovacensis Taler 1950 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Bianco 2013:4 [2014:65] [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

vodlosericus, Coregonus albula Lukasch [B. S.] 1939:130 [Rybnoe khozyaistvo Kareii; ref. 19620] Lake Vodlozero, Karelia, Russia. No types known. Original not seen. •Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:326 [ref. 12882]). •Questionably a synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vodlosericus, Coregonus ludoga var. Polyakov [I. S.] 1874 [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 19594] Not available, name only; also preoccupied in Coregonus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

vogti, Coregonus lavaretus fera natio Berg [L. S.] 1932:129 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Zug, Switzerland; as a replacement name. •In the synonymy of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:110 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

voronjensis, Coregonus lavaretus Berg [L. S.] (ex Pravdin) 1948:392, Fig. 230 [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Lovozero Lake, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Provdin specimens: ZIN 29954 (3), 27500 (1). Appeared first as infrasubspecific in Pravdin 1948:12 [ref. 18571]; dates to Berg as above. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:392 [ref. 12882]). •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:123 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

voronjensis, Coregonus lavaretus lavaretoides natio Pravdin [I. F.] in Berg & Pravdin 1948:12, Fig. 10 [Ukazatel' k izdanijam Imperatorskago Russkago Geograficeskago Obscestva i ego otdelov. v. 26 (no. 2)(for 1947); ref. 18571] Lovozero Lake, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Pravdin specimens: ZIN 29954 (3), 27500 (1). Appeared first as Pravdin in Berg & Pravdin 1948:12 [ref. 18571] as above as infrasubspecific; treated as a subspecies and dates to Berg 1948:392, fig. 230 [ref. 12882] where the name was used for a subspecies as Coregonus lavaretus voronjensis (see Art. 45.5.1 of the Code). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

vozhmensis, Coregonus lavaretus multispinatus natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1950:70, 74 [Izvestiya Karelo-finskoi bazy Akedemii Nauk SSSR, Petrozavodsk No. 1.; ref. 27405] Original not seen. Apparently infrasubspecific and not available; from Vygozero, Vozhma River, Karelia, Russia. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

vulgaris, Thymallus Nilsson [S.] 1832:13 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Unneeded new name for Salmo thymallus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vygensis, Coregonus lavaretus Pravdin [I. F.] 1948:59, Fig. 1 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (for 1947) (no. 3); ref. 19596] Vygozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. Syntypes: (many) none found as ZIN. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:1324 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779) -- (Kottelat 1997:116 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:139 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus maraena (Bloch 1779). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

wagneri, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:360 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Tomahawk Lake, Oneida County, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96968. Paratypes: (8). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570], see Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

warreni, Salmo Suckley [G.] 1861:308 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 30); ref. 4298] Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada. Syntypes: USNM 2070 (1), 2073 (1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum 1792) -- (Okada 1961:301 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792) -- (La Rivers 1994:247 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:177 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

wartmanni, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1784:161, Pl. 105 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] Lake Constance, Europe. Holotype (unique): ZMB (lost). On p. 137 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. Spelled vartmanni by Bonnaterre 1788:166 [ref. 4940]. •Mention -- (Reshetnikov 1998:44 [ref. 23570]). •Valid as Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784) -- (Kottelat 1997:113 [ref. 22952], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:364 [ref. 29996], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151] as wartmani). Current status: Valid as Coregonus wartmanni (Bloch 1784). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Lake Constance: Switzerland, Germany and Austria; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

werchoswirka, Coregonus ludoga poljakowi natio Pravdin [I. F.] 1931:208, 227, Pl. 11 [Izvestiya Nauch.-Issled Ikhtiologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 18572] Spelled verchoswirka on Pl. 11. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Upper Svir River, Russia; specimens as ZISP 27319 (2). •Questionably in the synonymy of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.

whitehousei, Salmo kamloops Dymond [J. R.] 1931:393 [3] [Contributions to Canadian Biology and Fisheries (n. s.) v. 6 (no. 16); ref. 16269] Six-mile lake near Nelson, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype: ROM 6053. Paratypes: (19) UMMZ 9545 (1). On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Salmo gairdnerii Richardson 1836 -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:191 [ref. 24570] as gairdneri). •Now regarded as a synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

whitei, Salmo Evermann [B. W.] 1906:20, Pl. 16 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 12306] South fork of Kaweah River in South Fork Meadows, Sierra, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 53065. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9254 (1); USNM 53399 (2), 126744 [ex USBF 1252] (1). Additional material: ANSP 38037-39 (3); CAS 60533 [ex IU 11114] (1), 60534 [ex IU 11113] (1), 60535 [ex IU 11112] (4); CAS-SU 9831 (1); UMMZ 157677-79 (1, 1, 1); USNM 53458 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:150 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), subspecies gilberti (Jordan 1894) -- (Behnke 1992:191 [ref. 23385]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies whitei (Evermann 1906) -- (Moyle 2002:272 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2006:31 [ref. 30386]). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus aguabonita (Jordan 1892), but a valid subspecies whitei -- (Page & Burr 2011:414 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus aguabonita (Jordan 1892). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Little Kern River, California, U.S.A. [subspecies whitei]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

widegreni, Coregonus Malmgren [A. J.] 1863:52 [325] [Kritisk öfversigt af Finlands fisk-fauna; ref. 13933] Northern part of Lake Ladoga, Russia; Lake Vättern, Sweden. Syntypes: Univ. of Helsinki. On p. 325 of German translation. •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Reshetnikov 1998:43 [ref. 23570] as widigreni). •Synonym of Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:374 [ref. 12882]). •Valid as Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863 -- (Kottelat 1997:119 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:143 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:381 [ref. 29996], Romanov et al. 2017:824 [ref. 35687]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus widegreni Malmgren 1863. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Europe. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

williamsoni, Coregonus Girard [C. F.] 1856:136 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] Deschutes River, a tributary of Columbia River, Oregon, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Prosopium williamsoni (Girard 1856) -- (Lee et al. 1980:102 [ref. 22416], McAllister 1990:83 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:46 [ref. 18983], La Rivers 1994:325 [ref. 23389], Baxter & Stone 1995:186 [ref. 23374], Sigler & Sigler 1996:201 [ref. 25943], Thurow et al. 1997:1094 [ref. 25523], Scott & Crossman 1998:291 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:255 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:243 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:87 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:32 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:392 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:393 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prosopium williamsoni (Girard 1856). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Western North America. Habitat: freshwater.

willoughbii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1862:46 [10], Pl. 5 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 1) (art. 6) (for 11 Feb. 1862); ref. 18215] Lake Windermere, Westmorland, Scotland. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.7.26.1-2 (2), ?BMNH 1867.12.30.57 (1). On p. 10 of separate (not verified). For spelling of specific name see Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]. Also in Günther 1863:11 [ref. 18217]. •Valid as Salvelinus willughbii (Günther 1862) -- (Frost 1966:232 [ref. 23052]). •Valid as Salvelinus willoughbii (Günther 1862) -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:444 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus willoughbii (Günther 1862). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: England. Habitat: freshwater.

willughbii, Coregonus Jardine [W.] 1840-41:Pl. 6 [Salmons of England, Scotland and Ireland; ref. 23036] Castle Loch, Lochmaben, Dumfrieshire, Scotland. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH. Original not seen. Appeared first as name only, not available in Jardine 1829:139 [ref. 20201]. •Synonym of Coregonus vandesius Richardson 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:122 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus vandesius Richardson 1837. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

winnipegosis, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:366 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] Off Whiskey Jack Island, Lake Winnipegosis, Manatoba, Canada. Holotype: UMMZ 96971. Paratypes: UMMZ (5, not researched), Univ. Toronto (3). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

woodi, Leucichthys artedi Koelz [W.] 1931:363 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 13 (for 1930); ref. 11810] North Twin Lake, Vilas County, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 96970. Paratypes: (14). •Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818 -- (see Scott & Crossman 1998:237 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus artedi Lesueur 1818. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

yaluensis, Thymallus articus Mori [T.] 1928:57 [11] [Journal of the Chosen Natural History Society No. 6; ref. 15861] Upper Yalu River at Kozan, Korea. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Additional specimens: (10). On p. 11 of separate. Spelled jaluensis in main heading on p. 57 but as yaluensis on p. 22; named for the Yalu River, so yaluensis is regarded as correctly spelled. •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1948:430 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Thymallus arcticus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Zhu 1995:12 [ref. 25213], Kim 1997:355 [ref. 24032] as jaluensis, Kim & Park 2002:275 [ref. 25913] as jaluensis, Choi et al. 2003:194, 531 [ref. 26218] as jaluensis). •Valid as Thymallus yaluensis Mori 1928 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Dyldin et al. 2017:109 [ref. 35967]). Current status: Valid as Thymallus yaluensis Mori 1928. Salmonidae: Thymallinae. Distribution: Korea and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

yessoensis, Oncorhynchus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1876:29 [Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens. v. 2; ref. 18290] Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 9913 (1). •Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856) -- (Okada 1961:317 [ref. 6363], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:679 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Oncorhynchus masou (Brevoort 1856). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

youngeri, Salvelinus alpinus Friend [G. F.] 1956:220 [The Glasgow Naturalist. v. 17 (pt 5); ref. 12191] Loch Eck, Cowal, Argyllshire, Scotland, U.K. Syntypes: ? Zool. Dept. Edinburgh Univ. •Tentatively valid as Salvelinus youngeri Friend 1956 -- (Kottelat 1997:156 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salvelinus youngeri Friend 1956 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:446 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus youngeri Friend 1956. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Scotland. Habitat: freshwater.

zenithicus, Argyrosomus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1909:169, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1662); ref. 10578] Off Isle Royale, Duluth, Lake Superior, Minnesota, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 62577 [?62517]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13084 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:13 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909) -- (Lee et al. 1980:91 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:217 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:81 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:43 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659], Scott & Crossman 1998:265 [ref. 24570], Lyons et al. 2000:40 [ref. 26594], Etnier & Skelton 2003:745 [ref. 27256], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:148 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:25 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Page & Burr 2011:388 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus zenithicus (Jordan & Evermann 1909). Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: North America: Canada and northern U.S.A. (Great Lakes area). Habitat: freshwater.

zetensis, Salmothymus Hadzisce [S.] 1960:49, Fig. 3 [Izdanija, Zavod za Ribarstvo na SR Makedonija v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 13406] Zeta River near Danilovgrad, tributary to Lake Skadar, Montenegro. Syntypes: MMNHS. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a valid subspecies -- (Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986]). •Valid as Salmo zetensis (Hadzisce 1960). Current status: Valid as Salmo zetensis (Hadzisce 1960). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Zeta River, Montenegro Habitat: freshwater.

zrmanjaensis, Salmo farioides Karaman [S.] 1938:138 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Zrmanja River near Obrovac and Zegar, former Jugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies zrmanjaensis Karaman 1938 -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). •Questionably valid as Salmo zrmanjaensis Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

zuerichensis, Coregonus macrophthalmus var. Nüsslin [O.] 1882:209 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 5; ref. 14296] Lake Zürich, Switzerland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Originally as zürichensis. •Valid as Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:111 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus zuerichensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

zugensis, Coregonus macrophthalmus var. Nüsslin [O.] 1882:211 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 5; ref. 14296] Lake Zug, Switzerland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid species Coregonus zugensis Nüsslin 1882 -- (Kottelat 1997:110 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:359 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Coregonus zugensis Nüsslin 1882. Salmonidae: Coregoninae. Distribution: Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

zugensis, Coregonus schinzii helveticus var. Fatio [V.] 1890:228 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Zug, Switzerland. Also preoccupied by Coregonus macrophthalmus zugensis Nüsslin 1882. See Kottelat 1997:109 [ref. 22952] for discussion of name use. •In the synonymy of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885 -- (Kottelat 1997:110 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Coregonus suidteri Fatio 1885. Salmonidae: Coregoninae.