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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Sebastidae: [ 222 ] records


aereus, Sebastodes Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:20 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Coronado Islands, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.5.19.17 (1); CAS [old no.] 1070 (2, lost in 1906); USNM 41868 (1), 41912 (1). •Synonym of Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Chen 1971:24 [ref. 7668], Love et al. 2002:272 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

afra, Perca Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:113 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype or Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.?80 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:238, Pl. 32 [ref. 13434] as holotype. •Synonym of Sebastichthys capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Wheeler 1958:238 [ref. 13434]). •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

africana, Scorpaena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:258, 266 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:100 [ref. 1274], Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:81 [ref. 22530]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

alascanus, Sebastolobus Bean [T. H.] 1890:44 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] Off Trinity Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 56°N, 154°W, Albatross station 2853, depth 159 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) USNM 45369 (4). •Valid as Sebastolobus alascanus Bean 1890 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:152 [ref. 9277], Toyoshima in Amaoka et al. 1983:275, 334 [ref. 8379], Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:279, 336 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:20 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Nakabo 2000:570 [ref. 25086] as alacanus, Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Love et al. 2002:115 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:347 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:570 [ref. 26001] as alacanus, Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:223 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:36 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:154 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Sebastolobus alascanus Bean 1890. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

albofasciatus, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:333, 372 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] China. Originally albo-fasciatus, correction mandatory. •Valid as Sebastes albofasciatus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:33 [ref. 15964], Shytko 2001:9 [ref. 26410]). •Valid as Sebastiscus albofasciatus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:130 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:585 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:67 [ref. 25480], Katoh & Tokimura 2001:247 [ref. 25542], Shinohara et al. 2001:313 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:585 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 564 [ref. 26218], Motomura et al. 2010:93 [ref. 31256], Shinohara et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Sebastiscus albofasciatus (Lacepède 1802). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aleutianus, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:1795 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Off Karluk, Kodiak Island, Shelikof Straits, Alaska, U.S.A., Albatross station 3676, about 57°30'N, 154°W, depth 110 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 48800. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 12928 (3), plus specimen in ZMB 8145 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. Also in Jordan & Gilbert 1899:445, Pl. 48 [ref. 2478]. Lectotype selected by Orr & Hawkins 2008:117 [ref. 29591]. •Valid as Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:133 [ref. 9277], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Matarese et al. 1989:288 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674], Tokranov 1998:787 [ref. 24688], Orr et al. 2000:16 [ref. 24942], Nakabo 2000:586 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Snytko 2001:10 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:121 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:381 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:586 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Orr & Hawkins 2008:117 [ref. 29591], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:29 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:128 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Japan to Bering Sea and to California. Habitat: marine.

alexandri, Sebastodes Evermann [B. W.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1907:651, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1501); ref. 15143] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 3125, depth 65 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 55662. •Synonym of Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

alporti, Sebastes Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:40 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia; Tasmania, Australia. No types known. Syntypes: (2). •Synonym of Helicolenus percoides (Richardson & Solanmder 1842) -- (Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078]). •Valid as Helicolenus alporti (Castelnau 1873) -- (Kuiter 1993:121 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:88 [ref. 25488]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus percoides (Richardson & Solander 1842). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Sebastolobus Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:410, Pl. 23 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] South of Alaska Peninsula, Albatross station 3338, depth 625 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Non-types: CAS-SU 3598 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastolobus altivelis Gilbert 1896 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:153 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674], Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1564 [ref. 22830], Orr et al. 2000:20 [ref. 24942], Love et al. 2002:117 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:346 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:154 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastolobus altivelis Gilbert 1896. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

alutus, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:76 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Santa Barbara Islands, California, U.S.A., 33°58'N, 119°30'45"W, Albatross station 2946, depth 150 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48244. •Valid as Sebastes alutus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:133 [ref. 9277], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Ishida & Amaoka 1989 [ref. 12865], Matarese et al. 1989:273 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:8 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Nakabo 2000:587 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Snytko 2001:11 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:123 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:374 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:587 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:30 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:128 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes alutus (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

angolensis, Helicolenus dactylopterus Barsukov [V. V.] 1979:581 [3], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 19 (no. 4) (art. 117); ref. 9003] Atlantic coasts of Africa, 24°51'N, 13°42'E, depth 370 meters. Holotype: ZIN 43191. Paratypes: ZIN 43194 (12). Additional material: ZIN 43195-43198 (20). On p. 4 of English translation. •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809) -- (Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:666 [ref. 17613]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

atrorubens, Sebastodes Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:1796 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Coast of California (probably Monterey), U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 1873. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. Author is C. H. Gilbert. Appeared earlier without description as Gilbert in Jordan & Evermann 1896:429 [ref. 2442]. •Synonym of Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Lea 1983:147 [ref. 11578]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

atrovirens, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:289 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] Point Conception to San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 12125 (1); MNHN A-3378 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8313 (1); MTD F 173 [ex USNM] (1); RMNH 11733 [ex USNM 27032] (1); USNM 24972 (4), 24994 (1), 26870 (1), 26903 (2), 27032 (3), 27096 (2); ZMB 11541 [ex USNM 26903] (1); ZMUB 1066 [ex USNM 26964] (1), 1071 [ex USNM] (1); ZMUC [ex USNM 27032] (?). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:345 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:22 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621], Paepke & Fricke 1992:273 [ref. 19946], Zarske 2003:30 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:134 [ref. 9277], Lea 1983:147 [ref. 11578], Chen 1985:36 [ref. 6543], Moreno 1993:6 [ref. 25511], Orr et al. 2000:34 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:15 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:127 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:128 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

auriculatus, Sebastes Girard [C. F.] 1854:131 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 348 (orig. 2, now 1, osteo. spec.) •Valid as Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:134 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:290 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:31 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Snytko 2001:15 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:129 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:354 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:30 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:128 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aurora, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:80 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Santa Barbara Islands, off California, U.S.A., Albatross stations 2948 and 2960, depth 266-267 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 48239. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 323 (3); USNM 48240 (1), 124969 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:122 [ref. 12291] with a lectotype. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:339 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Sebastes aurora (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:134 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:292 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:16 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:132 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:128 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes aurora (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

avius, Helicolenus Abe [T.] & Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1972:49, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 7598] Between 32°40'N, 172°17'E and 35°05'N, 171°46'E, southern end of Emperor Seamount Chain, northwestern Pacific, depth 450-600 meters. Holotype: ZUMT 52457. Paratypes: ABE 15256 (1); BMNH 1971.12.14.1 (1); CAS 13614 (2), 13615 (1, c&s); USNM 206327 (2). •Valid as Helicolenus avius Abe & Eschmeyer 1972 -- (Barsukov & Borets 1983:179 [ref. 14645], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:584 [ref. 25086], Snytko 2001:7 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:584 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:424 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:325 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:379 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus avius Abe & Eschmeyer 1972. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western and North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ayresii, Sebastodes Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] in Gilbert 1897:450 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Cortez Banks near San Diego, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 47744. •Synonym of Sebastes rosaceus Girard 1854 -- (Chen 1971:11 [ref. 7668]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes rosaceus Girard 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

babcocki, Sebastodes Thompson [W. F.] 1915:120, Pl. [Report of the Commissioner of Fisheries for British Columbia 1914; ref. 17909] Off Middleton Island, Alaska, 59°1'N, depth 80-100 fathoms. Syntypes: not found. •Valid as Sebastes babcocki (Thompson 1915) -- (Rosenblatt & Chen 1972:32 [ref. 11481], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:135 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:294 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:35 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:16 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:134 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:351 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:30 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:130 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes babcocki (Thompson 1915). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

baramenuke, Sebastodes Wakiya [Y.] 1917:14, Fig. [Suikan-gakkai-shi v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 22697] Miyagi Prefecture, Iwate Prefecture, and Kokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Sebastes baramenuke (Wakiya 1917) -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:151, 211 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:35 [ref. 15964], Shinohara et al. 1996:174 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:588 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Snytko 2001:17 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:588 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 560 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Antonenko et al. 2003:281 [ref. 26893], Orr & Hawkins 2008:128 [ref. 29591], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al.2014:245 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes baramenuke (Wakiya 1917). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

barathri, Scorpaena Hector [J.] 1875:80 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 85) (art. 11); ref. 18268] Off Cape Farewell, New Zealand, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.6.10. Apparently appeared first as above, then in Hector 1875:245, Pl. 10 (fig. 15a) [ref. 18269]. •Valid as Helicolenus barathri (Hector 1875) -- (Paulin 1989:322 [ref. 15772], Paulin et al. 1989:168 [ref. 24556], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:496 [ref. 30648], Struthers & Motomura 2015:1079 [ref. 34284]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus barathri (Hector 1875). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

bilineatus, Sebastodes Welander [A. D.] & Alverson [D. L.] 1954:37 [1], Figs. 1-2 [Fisheries Research Papers, Seattle v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12671] Cobb Seamount, 46°44'N, 130°47'W, northeastern Pacific, depth 25 fathoms. Holotype (unique): UW 10099. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer 1895) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:380 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer 1895). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

borealis, Sebastes Barsukov [V. V.] 1970:994 [760], Fig. 1 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 195 (no. 4); ref. 7717] North Pacific, 57°41'N, 150°00'W, depth 270-310 meters. Holotype: ZIN 39279. Paratypes: ZIN 25035, 35132 (3), 35133 (1). On p. 760 in English translation. •Valid as Sebastes borealis Barsukov 1970 -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:151, 211, 277, 335 [ref. 8379], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:135 [ref. 9277], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:17 [ref. 24942], Nakabo 2000:588 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Snytko 2001:18 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:136 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:382 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:588 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Orr & Hawkins 2008:128 [ref. 29591], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:214 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Kells et al. 2016:130 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes borealis Barsukov 1970. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brevispinis, Sebastichthys (Pteropodus) Matsubara [K.] 1936:84, Fig. 3 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 20602] Japan. Syntypes: (44) apparently lost, not at FAKU. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Sebastichthys proriger brevispinis Bean 1884, replaced by Sebastichthys hubbsi Matsubara 1937. •Synonym of Sebastes hubbsi (Matsubara 1936). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes hubbsi (Matsubara 1937). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

brevispinis, Sebastichthys proriger Bean [T. H.] 1884:359 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 387); ref. 225] Hassler Harbor, Alaska., U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 32004. Also appeared as Sebastichthys brevispinis new species in Bean 1885:627 [ref. 14573]. •Valid as Sebastes brevispinis (Bean 1884) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:135 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:274 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:28 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:19 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:138 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:357 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:30 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:130 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes brevispinis (Bean 1884). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

caenaematicus, Sebastes Tsuyuki [H.] & Westrheim [S. J.] 1970:2243, Fig. 7 [Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada v. 27 (no. 12); ref. 6803] 40 miles west of Amphitrite Pt., southwestern Vancouver Island, 48°45.8'N, 126°30'W, British Columbia, Canada, depth 307-311 meters. Holotype: UBC 69-2. Paratypes: NMC 69-439 (4); UBC 69-3 (8). •Synonym of Sebastes borealis Barsukov 1970 -- (Love et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:382 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:214 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes borealis Barsukov 1970. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Scorpaena Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1219 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH. •Valid as Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:100 [ref. 1274], Eschmeyer & Hureau 1971:578 [ref. 21187], Chen 1971:37 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer 1986:477 [ref. 5652], Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:81 [ref. 22530], Rocha-Olivares et al. 1999:410 [ref. 27389], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:143 [ref. 28072], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Venerus et al. 2013 [ref. 32729]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Scorpaena Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & von Bonde [C.] 1924:18 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa v. 3 (no. 7) (1922); ref. 1649] West coast of South Africa, Pickle stations 66, 86, 336 and 312, depth 537 and 280 fathoms. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Scorpaena capensis Gmelin 1789, replaced by Trachyscorpia (Mesoscorpia) eschmeyeri Whitley 1970. •Treated incorrectly as valid as Trachyscorpia capensis [should use Trachyscorpia eschmeyeri] -- (Eschmeyer 1969:50 [ref. 1274], Paulin 1982:439 [ref. 23678], Eschmeyer 1986:477 [ref. 5652], Paulin et al. 1989:168 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Ishida in Amaoka et al. 1990:234 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:493 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:276 [ref. 25636], Pakhorukov 2001:379 [ref. 25409]). •Synonym of Trachyscorpia eschmeyeri Whitley 1970 -- (Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2007:31 [ref. 29137], McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639]). Current status: Synonym of Trachyscorpia eschmeyeri Whitley 1970. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Habitat: marine.

carnatus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:73 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 126); ref. 10597] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 12190 (1); MNHN A-3284 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8352 (1); MTD F 167 [ex USNM] (1); ?NMW 5892 (1); RMNH 11906 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 26993 (1), 27098 (2, osteo. coll.); ZMUC 1881-87. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:345 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:22 [ref. 20738], Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621], Zarske 2003:30 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Sebastes carnatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:135 [ref. 9277], Moreno 1993:4 [ref. 25511], Orr et al. 2000:33 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:20 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:140 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Narum et al. 2004:926 [ref. 28046], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:130 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes carnatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

carnomagula, Trachyscorpia (Mesoscorpia) Motomura [H.], Last [P. R.] & Yearsley [G. K.] 2007:22, Figs. 1A-B, 2A [Zootaxa No. 1466; ref. 29137] East of St Patricks Head, Tasmania, Australia, 41°30'S, 148°44'E, depth 900 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 4234-01. Paratypes: (18) at AMS, CSIRO, NMNZ. Plus non-type specimen. •Valid as Trachyscorpia carnomagula Motomura, Last & Yearsley 2007 -- (McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680], Struthers & Motomura 2015:1081 [ref. 34284]). Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia carnomagula Motomura, Last & Yearsley 2007. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

caurinus, Sebastes Richardson [J.] 1844:no p., Pl. 41 (fig. 1) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Sitka, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown (dry). Available from plate. Text in Richardson 1845:77 [ref. 20574]. •Valid as Sebastes caurinus Richardson 1844 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:136 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:296 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:23 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Snytko 2001:21 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:144 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:366 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:30 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:130 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes caurinus Richardson 1844. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chalcogrammus, Sebastes (Murasoius) pachycephalus form Matsubara [K.] 1943:244 [Transactions Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo No. 2; ref. 2905] Simonoseki, Japan. Holotype: Imp. Fish. Inst. No. 6317. Paratypes: (12). Called a form but treated as a subspecies and is regarded as available. •Apparently a synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843, but a valid subspecies -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:77 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:595 [ref. 25086], Shimizu 2001:25 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:595 [ref. 26001]). •Treated chalcogrammus and nudus as a valid species separate from S. pachycephalus, but no first reviser action taken -- (Kai et al. 2011:340 [ref. 31619]). •Synonym of Sebastes nudus Matsubara 1943 -- (Kai & Nakabo 2013:551 [ref. 32653]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes nudus Matsubara 1943. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

chamaco, Sebastichthys Evermann [B. W.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1917:136, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 95; ref. 1284] Mollendu, Peru. Holotype: USNM 77621. Paratypes: (5) USNM 77614 (1), 77663-64 (1, 1), 77677 (1). •Valid as Sebastichthys chamaco Evermann & Radcliffe 1917 -- (Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Sebastes chamaco (Evermann & Radcliffe 1917) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:267 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

cheni, Sebastes Barsukov [V. V.] 1988:39, fig'd [Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 181; ref. 17642] Tsurga, Fukui Prefecture, Japan. Lectotype: ZIN 22958. Paralectotypes: identified as cheni CAS 45866 (1), 221441 (1), 221442 (1); CAS-SU 23647 (2), 29095 (2), 69870 (1), 69871 (1), 69872 (1); ZIN 44651(1). Plus other Paralectotypes reidentified to ventricosus (2), unidentified (9), plus one misidentifiation; original lots divided. Lectotype selected by Kai & Nakabo 2008:254, 256 [ref. 29759]. •Status uncertain -- (Kai & Nakabo 2002:260 [ref. 26335] as a color morph of S. inermis or a valid species, Kai et al. 2002:2596 [ref. 26731]). •Valid as Sebastes cheni Barsukov 1988 -- (Snytko 2001:22 [ref. 26410], Kai & Nakabo 2008:254 [ref. 29759]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes cheni Barsukov 1988. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and southern Korean Peninsula. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Sebastodes Steindachner [F.] 1898:295 [Zoologische Jahrbücher. Jena, Supplementband v. 4; ref. 4238] Tumbes at Talcahuano, Chile. Syntypes: ZMB 15632 (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:275 [ref. 19946]. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

chlorostictus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:294 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] Monterey, California, U.S.A. (obtained at San Francisco market). Syntypes: (many) ANSP 12126 (1), ? 21709 [ex USNM 26964] (1); MNHN A-3275 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8307 (1); MTD F 170 [ex USNM] (1); RMNH 11909 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 26964 (8), 27092 (2, osteo.); ZMUB 1061 [ex USNM 26964] (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:345 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:22 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Paepke & Fricke 1992:273-274 [ref. 19946], Zarske 2003:30 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Chen 1971:28 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:136 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:275 [ref. 26885], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:322 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:37 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:22 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:148 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:132 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chrysomelas, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1881:465 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 176); ref. 10607] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 12127 (1); RMNH 11908 [ex USNM 26968] (1); MNHN A-3208 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8306 (1); MTD F 166 [ex USNM] (1); UMMZ 162177 (1); USNM 26880 (4), 26968 (3); ZMB [ex USNM 26880] (?); ZMUB 1068 [ex USNM] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:22-23 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946], Zarske 2003:30 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan & Gilbert 1881) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:136 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:33 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:22 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:140 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Narum et al. 2004:926 [ref. 28046], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:132 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan & Gilbert 1881). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ciliatus, Epinephelus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:474, Pl. 16 (figs. 1-6) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Lynn Canal, north of Funter Bay, 58.2467°N, 134.899°W, depth 25 meters. Neotype: UW 43493. Appeared as Epinephelus ciliatus Camtschaticus et Americanus. Orr & Blackburn 2004 [ref. 27661] showed that ciliatus and its presumed synonym variabilis were separate species. Neotype designated by Orr & Blackburn 2004:339 [ref. 27661]. Original type locality was bodering Kamchatka, Russia and Aleutian Is. [one specimen]. •Valid as Sebastes ciliatus (Tilesius 1813) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:136 [ref. 9277], Richards & Westrheim 1988 [ref. 12454], Matarese et al. 1989:275 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:61 [ref. 22376], Orr et al. 2000:26 [ref. 24942], Nakabo 2000:589 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Snytko 2001:23 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:151 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:356 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:589 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Orr & Blackburn 2004:334 [ref. 27661], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:214 [ref. 33547], Frable et al. 2015:373 [ref. 33878], Kells et al. 2016:132 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes ciliatus (Tilesius 1813). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific: western Aleutian Islands and Bering Sea, through the Gulf of Alaska, and to British Columbia. Habitat: marine.

clavilatus, Sebastodes Starks [E. C.] 1911:181, Pl. 30 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 7 (no. 2) (art. 9); ref. 10108] San Juan Islands, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: FMNH 52293 [ex CM 548] (1). Paratypes: CAS-SU 21405 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:93 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:78 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Sebastes proriger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes proriger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

columbianus, Sebastodes Hubbs [C. L.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1933:24, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [University of Washington Publications in Biology v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 2262] Columbia River mouth, on the Washington side between Chinook and Sand Island, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 94368. Paratypes: UMMZ 94369 (4). •Synonym of Sebastes melanops Girard 1856 -- (Kai et al. 2013:175 [ref. 33093]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes melanops Girard 1856. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

constellatus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:295 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] Coast of California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?ANSP 12129 (1); MNHN A-3291 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8329 (1); MTD F 172 [ex USNM] (1); NMW 78656 (1); RMNH 11915 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 24147 (now 0), 26963 (1), 27086 (1), 153881 [ex 26963] (9); ZMB 11505 [ex USNM 26936] (1); ZMUB 1963 [ex USNM 26963] (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:345 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:23 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946], Zarske 2003:31 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Sebastes constellatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Chen 1971:9 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:137 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:322 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:40 [ref. 24942], Snytko 2001:24 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:154 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:132 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes constellatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cortezi, Scorpaenodes Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1938:304, Fig. 3 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 23 (pt 3, no. 15); ref. 249] 10 miles east of San Jose Island, Gulf of California, Mexico, 24°55'N, 110°20'W, surface. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 46503 [ex NYZS 24889-A]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Sebastes cortezi (Beebe & Tee-Van 1938) -- (Chen 1975:111 [ref. 7413], Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1560 [ref. 22830], Snytko 2001:24 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:157 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes cortezi (Beebe & Tee-Van 1938). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

crameri, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] in Gilbert 1897:451 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Off Tillamook, Oregon, U.S.A., 45°32'N, 124°19'30"W, Albatross station 3091, depth 87 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 47745. •Valid as Sebastes crameri (Jordan 1897) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:137 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:298 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:12 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:24 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:376 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:31 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:132 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes crameri (Jordan 1897). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

crassispinis, Sebastes Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:200 [32] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] •Not available; mentioned in passing under Sebastes marmoratus; from Tokyo, Japan. Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

cristulata, Scorpaena Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:246, Pl. 67 (fig. 242) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Georgia, U.S.A., 30°44'N, 79°26'W, Albatross station 2415, depth 440 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 39326. Two subspecies usually recognized: T. c. cristulata in the western Atlantic and T. c. echinata in the eastern Atlantic. •Valid as Trachyscorpia cristulata (Goode & Bean 1896) [often as the subspecies cristulata] -- (Eschmeyer 1969:48 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:585 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1229 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:272 [ref. 23100], Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847] as cf. cristulata, Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1265 [ref. 27048], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:50 [ref. 28815], Motomura et al. 2007:21 [ref. 29137], McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Poss 2016:2288 [ref. 34610] as T. c. cristulata). Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia cristulata (Goode & Bean 1896). Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

crocotulus, Sebastes Hyde [J. R.], Kimbrell [C. A.], Budrick [J. A.], Lynn [E. A.] & Vetter [R. D.] 2008:1130, Fig. 4 [Molecular Ecology v. 17 (no. 4); ref. 32967] Described as a form of Sebastes miniatus. Formal description still pending according to Kells et al. 2016:134 [ref. 35888]. •Not available as of 2017. (A formal description... of the new species is currently in preparation [in 2008].) Current status: Synonym of Sebastes. Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

dactyloptera, Scorpaena Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:337 [51], Pl. 22 (fig. 9) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza, Balearic Islands; Barcelona, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4846 (2) Iviça. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:11-12 [ref. 20738]. On p. 51 and Pl. 3 of separate. •Valid as Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809) [often as subspecies dactylopterus] -- (Eschmeyer 1969:94 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:582 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1212 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer 1986:477 [ref. 5652], Robins & Ray 1986:271 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:480 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:665 [ref. 17613], Boschung 1992:97 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:420 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:152 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:75 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:114 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221] with genus as Halicolenus, Uiblein et al. 1999:64 [ref. 24045], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:69 [ref. 26753], Klein-MacPhee & Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:332 [ref. 26158], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1240 [ref. 27048], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:113 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:143 [ref. 28072], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:31 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:76 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:38 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:50 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:212 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:519 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:321 [ref. 34397], Poss 2016:2261 [ref. 34610], Vieira et al. 2016:[7] [ref. 34869], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565] as Helicolenus dactylopterus dactylopterus, Martins & Carneiro 2018:105 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to South Africa; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa; Greenland; Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dallii, Pteropodus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Beeson [C. H.] 1894:66 [American Naturalist v. 28 (no. 325); ref. 14525] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS 25905 [ex IU]. •Valid as Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann & Beeson 1894) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:137 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:25 [ref. 24942] as dalli, Shytko 2001:26 [ref. 26410] as dalli, Love et al. 2002:160 [ref. 26216] as dalli, Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:134 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann & Beeson 1894). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

darwini, Sebastes Cramer [F.] in Jordan 1896:240 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Mexillones, Peru. Holotype: MCZ 13841 (1 of 3). Author is F. Cramer. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). •Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

deani, Sebastodes Starks [E. C.] 1911:178, Pl. 29 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 7 (no. 2) (art. 9); ref. 10108] San Juan Islands, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): FMNH 52290 [ex CM 545]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:93 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:78 [ref. 12367]. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

diaconus, Sebastes Frable [B. W.], Wagman [D. W.], Frierson [T. N.], Aguilar [A.] & Sidlauskas [B. L.] 2015:361, Figs. 1 (A and C), 7A, 8A [Fishery Bulletin v. 113; ref. 33878] 1.8 km west of Seal Rock, Oregon, U.S.A., 44°29'49.38"N, 124°06'30.48"W, depth 20.9 meters. Holotype: OS 18901. Paratypes: CAS, LACM, OS, UW. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Sebastes diaconus Frable, Wagman, Frierson, Aguilar & Sidlauskas 2015. Current status: Valid as Sebastes diaconus Frable, Wagman, Frierson, Aguilar & Sidlauskas 2015. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

diploproa, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:79 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off southern California, U.S.A., 32°44'30"N, 117°23'W, Albatross station 2935, depth 124 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.7.11.1 (1); MCZ 27858 (1); NMW 5975 (1); CAS-SU 96 (9), 336 (4), 3491 (5), 3499 (2); USNM 46451 (4), 48238 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:122 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:138 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:300 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:26 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:162 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:377 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:31 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:134 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

echinata, Scorpaena Köhler [R.] 1896:478, Pl. 27 (figs. 4-6) [Annales de l'Université de Lyon. Paris [etc.] v. 26; ref. 14612] Bay of Biscay, France, 45°57'N, station 4, 6°21'W, depth 1410 meters. Holotype (unique): UCBL. •Synonym of Trachyscorpia cristulata (Goode & Bean 1896), but a valid subspecies echinata (Köhler 1896) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:49 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:585 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1229 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:679 [ref. 17613], Santos et al. 1997:78 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:117 [ref. 24952], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:200 [ref. 24962], Ragonese & Giusto 1999:329 [ref. 24423], Motomura et al. 2007:21 [ref. 29137], McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639], Bañón et al. 2016:321 [ref. 34397], Poss 2016:2288 [ref. 34610]). Current status: Synonym of Trachyscorpia cristulata (Goode & Bean 1896). Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Habitat: marine.

eigenmanni, Sebastodes Cramer [F.] in Jordan 1896:239, Pl. 42 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 4046. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. Author is F. Cramer. •Synonym of Sebastes miniatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Love et al. 2002:146 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes miniatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Sebastes Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:205 [37] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Tagawa, Inland Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): ?NMW 6358. •Synonym of Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877. •Valid as Sebastichthys elegans (Döderlein 1884) -- (Wang et al. 2001:288 [ref. 26566] with authors as Steindachner & Döderlein). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Sebastes Ayres [W. O.] 1859:26, Fig. 9 (p. 58) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2 (1858-1862); ref. 155] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. No types known. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1863.10.9.17-20. Any types at CAS would have been lost in 1906. •Valid as Sebastes elongatus Ayres 1859 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:138 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:302 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:322 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:23 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:27 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:165 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:367 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:31 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:134 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes elongatus Ayres 1859. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

emblemarius, Helicolenus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:129, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Okinose, near Misaki, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7364. Paratypes: USNM 50908 (?1). Additional material: CAS-SU 7415 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:120 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hozukius emblemarius (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Kanayama in Okamura et al. 1982:271, 393 [ref. 8256] as embremarius, Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:153, 212 [ref. 8379] as embremarius, Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Ishida & Amaoka 1986:323 [ref. 11443], Nakabo 2000:586 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:8 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:586 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al.2014:245 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Hozukius emblemarius (Jordan & Starks 1904). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

emphaeus, Sebastodes Starks [E. C.] 1911:182, Pl. 31 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 7 (no. 2) (art. 9); ref. 10108] San Juan Islands, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: FMNH 52294 [ex CM 549]. Paratypes: AMNH, FMNH 52295 (5), CAS-SU 21407 (9). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:78 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Sebastes emphaeus (Starks 1911) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:138 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:304 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:24 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:28 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:168 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:369 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:31 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:134 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes emphaeus (Starks 1911). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ensifer, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1971:19, Pl. 2 (fig. B) [Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California v. 18; ref. 7668] Off La Jolla, California, U.S.A., depth 100 meters. Holotype: SIO 67-295. Paratypes: CAS 17609 [ex SIO 65-149] (1), 26585 [ex SIO 69-149] (1), LACM 3420-21 (1, 1), 22127 (1); SIO 15-206 (1) (ex UCLA W54-382), 15-1884 (1) (ex UCLA W56-262), 48-166 (1) (ex UCLA W49-346), 49-163 (2) (ex UCLA W49-416), 55-97 (2), 57-47 (1), 61-502 (1), 62-690 (1), 63-239 (2), 64-321 (1), 65-106 (3), -113 (2), -149 (3), 67-9 (1), -143 (2), -224 (5), -226 (1), -295 (1), 68-6 (1), -21 (3), 69-29 (1); ZIN 42267 [ex SIO 65-149] (1). •Valid as Sebastes ensifer Chen 1971 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:139 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:322 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:39 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:29 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:170 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:136 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes ensifer Chen 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

entomelas, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:142 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 132); ref. 18351] Deepwater outside of Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (5). USNM 27044 (orig. 3, now 2). •Valid as Sebastes entomelas (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:139 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:306 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:185 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:30 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:29 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:172 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:358 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:31 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:136 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes entomelas (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

eos, Sebastodes Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:18 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Point Loma, near San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 100 fathoms. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1891.5.19.25 (1), CAS (lost in 1906), ? CAS-SU 11991 (1). •Valid as Sebastes eos (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Chen 1971:35 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:139 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:322 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:38 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:30 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:175 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:114 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:136 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes eos (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

eschmeyeri, Trachyscorpia (Mesoscorpia) Whitley [G. P.] 1970:245 [Australian Zoologist v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 6601] West coast of South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, Pickle stations 66, 86 and 336, 312, depth 537 and 280 fathoms. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Scorpaena capensis Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924, preoccupied by Scorpaena capensis Gmelin 1789. •Valid as Trachyscorpia eschmeyeri Whitley 1970 -- (Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2007:21 [ref. 29137], McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639], Johnson & Motomura 2008:498 [ref. 30648], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680], Struthers & Motomura 2015:1082 [ref. 34284]). Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia eschmeyeri Whitley 1970. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

exsul, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1971:27, Pl. 3 (fig. C) [Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California v. 18; ref. 7668] Bay of Los Angeles, Gulf of California, Mexico, 2 1/2 miles north of Punta Roja, 28°59'N, 113°25.5'W, depth 110 meters. Holotype: SIO 68-1. Paratypes: SIO 62-241 (7), 68-3 (7). •Valid as Sebastes exsul Chen 1971 -- (Chen 1975:111 [ref. 7413], Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1561 [ref. 22830], Thomson et al. 2000:71 [ref. 25640], Shytko 2001:31 [ref. 26410] as exul, Love et al. 2002:177 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes exsul Chen 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Sebastes Storer [D. H.] 1854:31 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 5 (1854-1856); ref. 18847] Harbor at Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. No types known. Apparently appeared later (19 Dec.) than Sebastes fasciatus Girard 1854 (6 Oct.). •Valid as Sebastes fasciatus Storer 1854 -- (Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1224 [ref. 13677], Kenchington 1986:783 [ref. 11433], Robins & Ray 1986:277 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:483 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674], Desrosiers et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24220], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Klein-MacPhee & Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:334 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:51 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:40, 276 [ref. 36199]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes fasciatus Storer 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Sebastes Girard [C. F.] 1854:146 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Presidio, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Apparently predates Sebastes fasciatus Storer 1854 (19 Dec.). •Synonym of Sebastes nebulosus Ayres 1854 -- (Love et al. 2002:219 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes nebulosus Ayres 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciolaris, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] (ex Lockington) 1880:297 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] California coast, U.S.A. No type known. Apparently an unneeded replacement name for Sebastes fasciatus Girard 1854, stated to be preoccupied by Sebastes fasciatus Storer 1856, but date for Storer needs confirmation. •Synonym of Sebastes nebulosus Ayres 1854 -- (Love et al. 2002:219 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes nebulosus Ayres 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

fedorovi, Helicolenus Barsukov [V. V.] 1973:195 [162], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 7154] Kinmei Seamount, southern Hawaiian submarine ridge, 35°26'05"N, 171°16'05"E, depth 350 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 40875. On p. 162 in English translation. •Valid as Helicolenus fedorovi Barsukov 1973 -- (Barsukov & Borets 1983 [ref. 14645], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:567, 717 [ref. 8056], Nakabo 2000:584 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:8 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:584 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:424 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:325 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus fedorovi Barsukov 1973. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

flammeus, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:108, Fig. 21 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7365 (poor condition). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastodes flammeus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:154, 212 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Sebastes iracundus (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Balanov et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27622]). •Valid as Sebastes flammeus (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Nakabo 2000:588 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:588 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:333 [ref. 28379], Orr & Hawkins 2008:128 [ref. 29591], Parin et al. 2014:215 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes flammeus (Jordan & Starks 1904). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

flavidus, Sebastodes Ayres [W. O.] 1862:209, Fig. 64 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2; ref. 17944] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1863.10.9.1-5. •Valid as Sebastes flavidus (Ayres 1862) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:140 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:308 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:29 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:31 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:359 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:32 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:136 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes flavidus (Ayres 1862). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fuscescens, Sparus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:324 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan. No types known. See also Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Questionably a senior synonym of Sebastes schlegeli (Hilgendorf 1880) -- (Matsubara 1943:227 [ref. 12961], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:62 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Sebastodes fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Wang et al. 2001:286 [ref. 26566] dated 1872 [sic]) Current status: Valid as Sebastes fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Sebastodes Cramer [F.] in Jordan 1896:241, Pl. 43 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] From Monterey, San Francisco market, California, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 3893 (drawn specimen). Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 3893 (2 of 3). Additional material or paralectotypes: BMNH 1900.9.29.188 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. Author is F. Cramer. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395]; also as figured specimen in caption to Pl. 275, p. 3288 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446]. •Synonym of Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann & Beeson 1894) -- (Love et al. 2002:160 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes dallii (Eigenmann & Beeson 1894). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

gillii, Sebastodes Eigenmann [R. S.] 1891:154 [American Naturalist v. 25 (no. 290); ref. 1268] Off Point Loma, near San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.5.19.26-27 (2). Spelled gillii in main heading, gilli on p. 155. Authorship given as Eigenmann & Eigenmann by contemporary authors. •Valid as Sebastes gilli (Eigenmann 1891) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:140 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:41 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:33 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:182 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:136 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes gilli (Eigenmann 1891). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

glaucus, Sebastes Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1880:172 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1880; ref. 18287] Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 11281. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:272 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes glaucus Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:38 [ref. 15964], Panchenko 1996:130 [ref. 24641], Orr et al. 2000:28 [ref. 24942], Nakabo 2000:589 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:33 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:184 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:355 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:589 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:245 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:215 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 35331], Jeong et al. 2016:283 [ref. 36312], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes glaucus Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Northwestern and North Pacific: Korea, Japan and Okhotsk Sea north to Bering Sea. Habitat: marine.

goodei, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] (ex Eigenmann) 1890:75 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off southern California, U.S.A., 33°57'N, 119°53'30"W, Albatross station 2949, depth 155 fathoms. Syntypes: (3). Species name in brackets and credited to Eigenmann; footnote says: "In a paper by Dr. Carl H. Eigenmann, received as these sheets are passing through the press, this species is described under the name of Sebastodes goodei. The name proposed by Dr. Gilbert is therefore withdrawn." •In the synonymy of Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

goodei, Sebastodes Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:12 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Point Loma, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.5.19.28 (1); CAS 1056 (lost in 1906); USNM 41889 (1), 41895 (1). •Valid as Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:140 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:277 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:9 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:34 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:185 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:365 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:138 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gouphensis, Helicolenus dactylopterus Barsukov [V. V.] 1979:591, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 19 (no. 4) (art. 117); ref. 9003] Gough Island, southern Atlantic, depth 360 meters. Holotype: ZIN 43192. Paratypes: ZIN 43193 (4). •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Gough Island, South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:102, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea. Holotype: CAS-SU 7372. Paratypes: USNM 50904 (1?). Additional material: CAS-SU 7194 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829 -- (Youn 2002:560 [ref. 26218] as guntheri Jordan & Starks 1905). •Synonym of Sebastes ventricosus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:60 [ref. 15964], Kai & Nakabo 2008:252 [ref. 29759]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes ventricosus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

gunnari, Sebastodes Rendahl [H.] 1924:32 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 15467] Chihli, Tien-Tsin-Hsien [Tianjin Dagu], Ta-ku, China. Holotype (unique): NRM 10625. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

guyotensis, Hozukius Barsukov [V. V.] & Fedorov [V. V.] 1975:976 [869], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 15 (no. 6); ref. 7011] Lyra Guyots [northern Hawaiian Ridge, central Pacific], 36°49'N, 171°26'W. Holotype: ZIN 41196. Paratypes: ZIN 41196 (now 3, with holotype). On p. 869 in English translation. •Valid as Hozukius guyotensis Barsukov & Fedorov 1975 -- (Kanayama in Okamura et al. 1982:271, 393 [ref. 8256], Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:153, 212 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:586 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:9 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:586 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:325 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Hozukius guyotensis Barsukov & Fedorov 1975. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: northern Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

hakodatis, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:361, Pl. 14 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: USNM 49394. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6274 (9). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Parin et al. 2014:220 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:59 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

heltzeni, Sebastes Collett [R.] 1879:10-11 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1879) No. 1; ref. 21044] Helgeland i Nordland [?]. No types known. Listed on p. 10 as "? Sebastes, n. sp." and on p. 11 as "S. heltzeni, n. sp." •Probably a synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

helvomaculatus, Sebastes Ayres [W. O.] 1859:26, Fig. 8 (p. 57) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2 (1858-1862); ref. 155] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1863.10.9.7-10. Any types at CAS would have been lost in 1906. •Valid as Sebastes helvomaculatus Ayres 1859 -- (Chen 1971:14 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:141 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:310 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:37 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:35 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:187 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:349 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:32 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:138 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes helvomaculatus Ayres 1859. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hernandezi, Sebastodes de Buen [F.] 1960:22 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 55; ref. 19922] Montemar, Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype: EBMC. Paratypes: EBMC (3). •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). •Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

hilgendorfii, Sebastes Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:202 [34] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Tokyo, Japan. No types known. Name in synonymy of Sebastes dactylopterus; validated back to first appearence as above by subsequent use as a valid species. •Valid as Helicolenus hilgendorfii [sometimes as hilgendorfi] (Döderlein 1884) -- (Kanayama in Okamura et al. 1982:271, 392 [ref. 8256], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:567, 717 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:80 [ref. 15964] as hilgendorfi and authorship as Steindachnre & Döderlein, Shinohara et al. 1996:174 [ref. 26605] as hilgendorfi, Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:130 [ref. 23963], Nakabo 2000:584 [ref. 25086] as hilgendorfi with authorship as Steindachner & Döderlein, Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:313 [ref. 25995], Shytko 2001:8 [ref. 26410] as hilgendorfi and authorship as Steindachner & Döderlein, Nakabo 2002:584 [ref. 26001] as hilgendorfi with authorship as Steindachner & Döderlein, Youn 2002:242, 559 [ref. 26218] as hilgendorfi, Shinohara et al. 2005:424 [ref. 28370] as hilgendorfi, Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715] as hilgendorfi, Shinohara et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33330] as hilgendorfi, Parin et al. 2014:212 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2015:18 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus hilgendorfii (Döderlein 1884). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hopkinsi, Sebastodes Cramer [F.] 1895:594 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 14579] Pacific Grove, California, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 3232. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH 1895.10.28.11 (1); CAS-SU 2282 (3), 3112 [ex CAS-SU 3232] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395] in caption to Pl. 41 •Valid as Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer 1895) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:141 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:324 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:31 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:36 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:190 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:138 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer 1895). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Sebastichthys Matsubara [K.] 1937:57 [Copeia 1937 (no. 1); ref. 20686] Japan. Syntypes: (44) apparently lost, not at FAKU. Replacement name for Sebastichthys brevispinis Matsubara 1936, preoccupied by Sebastichthys proriger brevispinis Bean 1884. •Valid as Sebastes hubbsi (Matsubara 1937) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:51 [ref. 15964], Cheng & Zhou 1997:411 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:594 [ref. 25086], Shimizu 2001:25 [ref. 25799], Shytko 2001:37 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:594 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 560 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes hubbsi (Matsubara 1937). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ijimae, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Metz [C. W.] 1913:49, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 2490] Busan, South Korea. Holotype (unique): FMNH 55437 [ex CM 4172]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:93 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Sebastes ijimae (Jordan & Metz 1913) -- (Chen & Barsukov 1976:2 [ref. 22762], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:67 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:593 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:37 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:593 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 560 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2014:215 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Sebastes vulpes Döderlein 1884 -- (Muto et al. 2018:[5] [ref. 35963]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes vulpes Döderlein 1884. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

imperialis, Sebastes Cuvier [G.] 1829:167 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Mediterranean Sea. An unneeded replacement name for Scorpaena dactyloptera Delaroche 1809. Also in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:246 [ref. 998]. •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:94 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:582 [ref. 7218], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:665 [ref. 17613], Poss 2016:2261 [ref. 34610]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Sebastes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:346 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Japan. Holotype: ZMB 10553. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738]. See Kai & Nakabo 2008:248 [ref. 29759] for information on the holotype. •Valid as Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:58 [ref. 15964], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:130 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Nagasawa et al. 2000:231 [ref. 24801], Nakabo 2000:592 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2000:177 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:25 [ref. 25799], Shytko 2001:38 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:592 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 560 [ref. 26218], Kai & Nakabo 2002:260 [ref. 26335], Kai et al. 2002:2591 [ref. 26731], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Kai & Nakabo 2008:244 [ref. 29759]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Hokkaido to Kyushu, Japan, and southern Korean Peninsula. Habitat: marine.

introniger, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:81 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Santa Barbara Islands, off southern California, U.S.A., 33°55'30"N, 119°41'30"W, Albatross station 2948, depth 266 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 11526 (1), USNM 77436-37 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:122 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898) -- (Love et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26216]). •Synonym of Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:383 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

iracundus, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:107, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 12716. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastes iracundus (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:151, 211, 335 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:175 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:588 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:40 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:588 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Balanov et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27622], Orr & Hawkins 2008:128 [ref. 29591], Parin et al. 2014:216 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes iracundus (Jordan & Starks 1904). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

itinus, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:99, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7368. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastodes itinus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Sebastes itinus (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:42 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:590 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:41 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:590 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al.2014:245 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:216 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes itinus (Jordan & Starks 1904). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jenynsi, Sebastodes Abbott [J. F.] 1900:476 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 51 (for 1899); ref. 15632] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 11925. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Sebastodes Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:466 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Coast of California, U.S.A., Albatross station 2935, 3103, 3114, depth 62-124 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 3607 (1), 3626 (1); USNM 48571 (1), 125616 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:123 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastes jordani (Gilbert 1896) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:141 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:312 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:10 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:42 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:192 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:362 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:138 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes jordani (Gilbert 1896). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

joyneri, Sebastes Günther [A.] 1878:485 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 1 (no. 6) (art. 56); ref. 18236] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: BMNH 1878.4.5.92-93 (2). •Valid as Sebastes joyneri Günther 1878 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:54 [ref. 15964], Chen 1985:36 [ref. 6543], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:591 [ref. 25086], Shimizu 2001:25 [ref. 25799], Shytko 2001:43 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:591 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 561 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes joyneri Günther 1878. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kawaradae, Sebastodes (Zalopyr) Matsubara [K.] 1934:207 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13900] Off Miyako, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 101042. •Valid as Sebastes kawaradae (Matsubara 1934) -- (authors). •Synonym of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898) -- (Love et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26216]). •Synonym of Sebastes melanostictus (Matsubara 1934) -- (Orr & Hawkins 2008:126 [ref. 29591]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes melanostictus (Matsubara 1934). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kellyi, Sebastes fasciatus Litvinenko [N. I.] 1974:18 [ ref. 24532] Eastport, Maine, U.S.A. Holotype: ZIN 43244. Paratypes: ZIN 43245 (16). Original description in 1974 not seen [perhaps not available until 1979]. Also appeared in much more detail in Litvinenko 1979:387:Fig. 1 [ref. 24531]. See McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674]. •Synonym of Sebastes fasciatus Storer 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1221 [ref. 13677]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes fasciatus Storer 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

kiyomatsui, Sebastes Kai [Y.] & Nakabo [T.] 2004:5, Figs. 1A, 2A [Ichthyological Research v. 51 (no. 1); ref. 27594] Shingu, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, depth 250 meters. Holotype: FAKU 70124. Paratypes: FAKU 2040 (1), 6611-12 (1, 1), 50062-63 (1, 1), 50087 (1), 70122-23 (1, 1), 78753 (1), 81567 (1), 81627-28 (1, 1). •Valid as Sebastes kiyomatsui Kai & Nakabo 2004. Current status: Valid as Sebastes kiyomatsui Kai & Nakabo 2004. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

koreanus, Sebastes Kim [I.-S.] & Lee [W.-O.] 1994:409, Figs. 1, 2A [Korean Journal of Zoology v. 37 (no. 3); ref. 21663] Munyae Island, Okdo-myon, Okku-gun, Chollabuk-do, Korea, 35°48'N, 126°27'E, depth 20 meters. Holotype: CUBK 19324. Paratypes: CUBK 18169-73 (5), 19075-77 (3), 19078 (1). •Valid as Sebastes koreanus Kim & Lee 1994 -- (Youn 2002:242, 561 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes koreanus Kim & Lee 1994. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lahillei, Helicolenus Norman [J. R.] 1937:124, Fig. 68 [Discovery Reports v. 16; ref. 3227] 35°S, 53°W, off the coast of Uruguay. Holotype: BMNH 1935.9.11.6-7 (1 of 2, 172 mm). Paratypes: BMNH 1935.9.11.6-7 (1 of 2, 155 mm). •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809), but a valid subspecies -- (Eschmeyer 1969:95 [ref. 1274], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:178 [ref. 14235], Scott & Scott 1988:480 [ref. 25518], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:88 [ref. 25942], Poss 2016:2261 [ref. 34610]). •Valid as Helicolenus lahillei Norman 1937 -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:72 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus lahillei Norman 1937. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

latens, Adelosebastes Eschmeyer [W. N.], Abe [T.] & Nakano [S.] 1979:80, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Uo (Japanese Society of Ichthyologists) No. 30; ref. 1275] Emperor Seamount Chain, North Pacific, depth 900-1000 meters and Aleutian Is, depth 687-732 meters. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 54180. •Valid as Adelosebastes latens Eschmeyer, Abe & Nakano 1979 -- (Barsukov et al. 1983 [ref. 14646], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:315 [ref. 6441], Orr et al. 2000:21 [ref. 24942], Nakabo 2000:570 [ref. 25086], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:345 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:570 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:324 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Adelosebastes latens Eschmeyer, Abe & Nakano 1979. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

latus, Sebastichthys (Pteropodus) Matsubara [K.] 1934:208 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13900] Tokyo fish market ("probably from Tokyo Bay"), Japan. No types at FAKU. •Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Kai & Nakabo 2013:543 [ref. 32653]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

lengerichi, Helicolenus Norman [J. R.] 1937:125, Fig. 69 [Discovery Reports v. 16; ref. 3227] Juan Fernández Islands, 38°22'S, 73°41'W, Chile. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.9.10.22. •Valid as Helicolenus lengerichi Norman 1937 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:176 [ref. 14235], Dyer & Hoz 1988 [ref. 19194], Pequeño 1989:56 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:267 [ref. 24555], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:31 [ref. 24590]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus lengerichi Norman 1937. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

lentiginosus, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1971:25, Pl. 3 (fig. B) [Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California v. 18; ref. 7668] Tanner Bank, off San Diego, southern California, U.S.A., 32°42'N, 119°08'W, depth 33-60 meters. Holotype: SIO 65-6. Paratypes: CAS 17614 [ex SIO 63-239] (1); LACM 8961-3 (5), 9084-1 (1); SIO 48-105 (1) (ex UCLA W49-354), 48-196 (1), 48-198 (1), 50-103 (1), 54-198 (1), 64-901 (3, head only), 65-6 (3), 65-446 (1), 67-9 (1), 68-258 (1), 68-392 (1). •Valid as Sebastes lentiginosus Chen 1971 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:142 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:42 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:43 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:194 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:138 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes lentiginosus Chen 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

levis, Sebastichthys Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:129 [6] [West American Scientist v. 6 (no. 48); ref. 1251] Cortez Banks, off San Diego, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 41904. On p. 6 of separate. •Valid as Sebastes levis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:142 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:44 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:196 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:140 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes levis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

littoris, Sebastodes Hubbs [C. L.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1933:31, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [University of Washington Publications in Biology v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 2262] Presumably along the coast of Monterey County, south of Point Pinos, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 92647. Paratypes: UMMZ 92648 (1). Appeared as Sebastodes littoris with hand corrections in reprints with a separate correction slip mailed out to change name to litoris, but the original spelling probably should stand. •Synonym of Sebastes caurinus Richardson 1844 -- (Love et al. 2002:146 [ref. 26216] as litoris). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes caurinus Richardson 1844. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

longipedicula, Trachyscorpia (Mesoscorpia) Motomura [H.], Last [P. R.] & Yearsley [G. K.] 2007:28, Figs. 1C-D [Zootaxa No. 1466; ref. 29137] South-West Indian Ridge, southwestern Indian Ocean, 39°01'S. 46°31'-32'E, depth 635-970 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 5370-04. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5343-14 (1), H 5343-15 (1), H 5343-16 (1), H 5370-03 (1), H 5798-01 (1), H 5821-04 (1). •Valid as Trachyscorpia longipedicula Motomura, Last & Yearsley 2007 -- (McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680]). Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia longipedicula Motomura, Last & Yearsley 2007. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

longispinis, Sebastichthys (Pteropodus) Matsubara [K.] 1934:209 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13900] Huzan, Tyôsen, Japan. No types at FAKU. •Valid as Sebastes longispinis (Matsubara 1934) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:53 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:594 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:44 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:594 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 561 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes longispinis (Matsubara 1934). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longispinis, Sebastiscus Mori [T.] 1955:5, Fig. 4 [Science Reports of the Hyogo University of Agriculture Series Natural Science v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7764] Near the coast of Kasumi, Hyogo Prefecture, southern Sea of Japan. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (1). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maccullochi, Sebastodes Phillipps [W. J.] 1927:127, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 58 (pts 1-2); ref. 15816] Cook Strait, New Zealand (stomach content). Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.340. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Helicolenus percoides (Richardson & Solander 1842) -- (Paulin 1989:319 [ref. 15772]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus percoides (Richardson & Solander 1842). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

macdonaldi, Acutomentum Eigenmann [C. H.] & Beeson [C. H.] 1893:669 [American Naturalist v. 27 (no. 319); ref. 1212] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Based on S. proriger Eigenmann and Eigenmann 1890:15 (not of Jordan & Gilbert). •Valid as Sebastes macdonaldi (Eigenmann & Beeson 1893) -- (Chen 1975:130 [ref. 7413], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:142 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1562 [ref. 22830], Orr et al. 2000:19 [ref. 24942], Thomson et al. 2000:71 [ref. 25640], Shytko 2001:45 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:199 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:140 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes macdonaldi (Eigenmann & Beeson 1893). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrochir, Sebastes Günther [A.] 1877:434 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Inland Sea of Japan; off Enoshima, Japan, 345 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.184 (1), 1879.5.14.664 (1), 1890.2.26.51-52 (2); MNHN 1890-0092 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:20 [ref. 20738]. Also described as new in Günther 1880:65, Pl. 27 [ref. 2011]. •Valid as Sebastolobus macrochir (Günther 1877) -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:153, 213, 279, 336 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:315 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:89 [ref. 15964], Shinohara & Amaoka 1993:395 [ref. 22466], Shinohara et al. 1996:175 [ref. 26605], Kim & Biryukov 1998:151 [ref. 24671], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Orr et al. 2000:21 [ref. 24942], Nakabo 2000:570 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Love et al. 2002:119 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:348 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:570 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 564 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S64 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:224 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 35331], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastolobus macrochir (Günther 1877). Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalma, Scorpaena Günther [A.] 1860:102 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Sebastes percoides. Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

macrophthalmus, Sebastes Philippi [R. A.] in Delphin 1899:16 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 2; ref. 17393] Name only, not available. •In the synonymy of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

maculata, Scorpaena Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:3 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Scorpaena maculata Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887. •In the synonymy of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

maculata, Scorpaena Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:177 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. See also Scorpaena maculata Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817. •In the synonymy of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

maculatus, Sebastes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:343 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4044 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:20 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:95 [ref. 1274], Eschmeyer 1986:477 [ref. 5652], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:665 [ref. 17613], Poss 2016:2261 [ref. 34610]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

maderensis, Helicolenus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:250, Pl. 68 (fig. 244) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf Stream, 37°25'N, 74°18'W, Fish Hawk station 897, depth 158 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 26627. Paralectotypes: ? BMNH 1896.2.10.15 (1); USNM 26723 (17), 28754 (2), 28827 (1), 28847 (?), 28754 (4), 28954 (4), 28957 (4), 28980 (23), 28998 (8), 29050 (1), 29060 (1), 31649 (6), 31658 (5), 31871 (2, lost), 31874, 32805, and others at USNM. Lectotype selected by Ginsburg 1953:35 [ref. 1807]. •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister 1990:184 [ref. 14674]). •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:94 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:582 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1212 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:666 [ref. 17613], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1240 [ref. 27048], Poss 2016:2261 [ref. 34610]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

magentae, Sebastodes Tortonese [E.] 1939:350 [174], Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino. (Ser. 3) v. 47 (no. 100); ref. 4414] Yokohama, Japan. Holotype (unique): MZUT 3295. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:143 [ref. 21559]. On p. 174 of separate. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

malabarica, Scorpaena Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:194 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] South America and India. Syntypes: ZMB 15310 (1, dry, lost) no locality. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:270 [ref. 19946] with a holotype, Paepke 1999:132 [ref. 24282]. •Possibly the same as Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

maliger, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:322 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 157); ref. 10589] Around the Farallones, off San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes and non-types: (4) ANSP 12128 (1); MNHN A-3365 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8324 (1); RMNH 11679 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 27091 (3, lost), 27208 (2); ZMB 11729 [ex USNM 27208] (1); ZMUB 1070 [ex USNM 27208] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:23 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes maliger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:142 [ref. 9277], Love & Lea 1977:78 [ref. 24067], Matarese et al. 1989:277 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:186 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:32 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:45 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:201 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:353 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:32 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:140 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes maliger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

marinus, Sebastes See Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). See Perca norvegica Ascanius 1772. Misapplied new combination of Perca marina Linnaeus 1758 for Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Perca marinus Linnaeus 1758 was based on a serranid. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

marmoratus, Sebastes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:345 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] No locality [=Japan]. No types known. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Sebastes marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:22 [ref. 15964], Shytko 2001:45 [ref. 26410]). •Valid as Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:563, 715 [ref. 8056], Kuiter 1993:121 [ref. 23929], Cheng & Zhou 1997:412 [ref. 26385], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:131 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Mizuno et al. 1999:7 [ref. 25311], Nakabo 2000:585 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:66 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:177 [ref. 25987], Katoh & Tokimura 2001:247 [ref. 25542], Shimizu 2001:25 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:585 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 565 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:425 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2018:74 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam east to Philippines, north to Korea and Japan; one record from Sydney Harbour (introduced). Habitat: marine.

matsubarae, Sebastes Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1880:170 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1880; ref. 18287] Hondo and Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 8145 (1, dry), 11279 (1, dry), 11280 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:272 [ref. 19946]. Named after the male ichthyologist Matsubara, so some authors consider the name should be matsubarai -- see Orr & Hawkins 2008:128, footnote [ref. 29591]. Here we consider the name correctly formed as it was Latinized and then an "e" added (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012]. •Synonym of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898) -- (Love et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26216]). •Valid as Sebastes matsubarai Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:35 [ref. 15964], Shytko 2001:47 [ref. 26410], Orr & Hawkins 2008:128 [ref. 29591]). •Valid as Sebastes matsubarae Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:175 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:586 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:586 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al.2014:245 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:216 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes matsubarae Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

melanops, Sebastes Girard [C. F.] 1856:135 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] Cape Flattery, Washington and Astoria, Oregon, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 342 (2). •Valid as Sebastes melanops Girard 1856 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:143 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:314 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:27 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:48 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:204 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:361 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kai et al. 2013:175 [ref. 33093], Imamura 2013:175 [ref. 33093], Frable et al. 2015:373 [ref. 33878], Pietsch & Orr 2015:32 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:140 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes melanops Girard 1856. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific: California (USA) to Aleutian Islands and to northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

melanosema, Sebastes Lea [R. N.] & Fitch [J. E.] 1979:4, Figs. 1-2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 320; ref. 8698] Submarine canyon off San Pablo Point, Baja California, Mexico, 27°12.9'N, 114°30.5'W, depth 183 meters. Holotype: CAS 27631. Paratypes: LACM 33538-1 (1), 36965-1 (1). •Valid as Sebastes melanosema Lea & Fitch 1979 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:143 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:19 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:48 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:207 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:140 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes melanosema Lea & Fitch 1979. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

melanostictus, Sebastodes (Zalopyr) Matsubara [K.] 1934:206 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13900] Kazusa Province, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 101043. •Synonym of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Love et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:381 [ref. 25968]). •Valid as Sebastes melanostictus (Matsubara 1934) -- (Orr & Hawkins 2008:126 [ref. 29591], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708],Parin et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:29 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:142 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes melanostictus (Matsubara 1934). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Japan to Bering Sea and to southern California. Habitat: marine.

melanostomus, Sebastodes Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:17 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Off Point Loma, near San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 100 fathoms. Holotype (unique): lost in 1906 if at CAS. •Valid as Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:143 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:316 [ref. 26885], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:324 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:17 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:49 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:208 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:383 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Orr & Hawkins 2008:128 [ref. 29591], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:142 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mentella, Sebastes Travin [V. I.] 1951:743 [3], Fig. 1b [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad new series, v. 77; ref. 12925] Medvezhinskii Banks (Bear Island Banks), Barents Sea, depth 200+ meters. Syntypes: (100) whereabouts unknown. On p. 3 of English translation. •Valid as Sebastes mentella Travin 1951 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:584 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1226 [ref. 13677], Kenchington 1986:783 [ref. 11433], Robins & Ray 1986:277 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:483 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], Ishida in Okamura et al. 1995:152 [ref. 22531], Desrosiers et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24220], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:51 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:918 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:217 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:40, 276 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:175 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes mentella Travin 1951. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean, including Barents Sea, Spitzbergen. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Helicolenus Norman [J. R.] 1935:612, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1935 (pt 3); ref. 13914] Western North Pacific. Holotype: BMNH 1925.3.31.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1926.2.2.1 (1). •Synonym of Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Wheeler & Eschmeyer 1968 [ref. 21201] with locality not as Saltburn, Yorkshire, England, 30 fms.). Current status: Synonym of Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

miniatus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:70 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 125); ref. 10596] Santa Barbara and Monterey, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-3268 [ex USNM] (1); RMNH 11719 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 26965 (orig. 17, now 3); ZMB 11710 [ex USNM 26965] (1); ZMUC [ex USNM 26965] (?); ZMUB 1062 [ex USNM 26965] (?). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:23 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes miniatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:144 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:318 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], O'Connell et al. 1992:173 [ref. 23104], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:18 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:49 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:210 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:372 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Hyde et al. 2008:1122 [ref. 32697], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:32 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:142 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes miniatus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

minor, Sebastes Barsukov [V. V.] 1972:630 [577], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 20613] Peter the Great Bay, northeast of Cape Gamov, 3 miles from shore. Holotype: ZIN 40673. Paratypes: ZIN 40674 (1), 40675 (1); plus literature information. On p. 577 in English translation. •Valid as Sebastes minor Barsukov 1972 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:49 [ref. 15964], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:590 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:50 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:590 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 561 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Ilyinskii et al. 2004:193 [ref. 27724], Parin et al. 2014:217 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes minor Barsukov 1972. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mitzukurii, Sebastodes Cramer [F.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:1831 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Spelled mitsukurii in Jordan et al. 1913:237 [ref. 6448] and by subsequent authors. •Synonym of Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:64 [ref. 15964], Parin et al. 2014:219 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

moseri, Sebastes Eitner [B. J.] in Eitner, Kimbrell & Vetter 1999:86, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1999 (no. 1); ref. 23702] About 68 kilometers from outermost buoy of San Diego Harbor, 32°38.0'N, 117°57.5'W, California, U.S.A., depth 128-183 meters. Holotype (unique): SIO 95-33. •Valid as Sebastes moseri Eitner 1999 -- (Orr et al. 2000:40 [ref. 24942], Love et al. 2002:213 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:142 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes moseri Eitner 1999. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mouchezi, Sebastes Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:988 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 81; ref. 18662] St. Paul Island, southern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9509. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:21 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Helicolenus mouchezi (Sauvage 1875) -- (Eschmeyer & Hureau 1971:577 [ref. 21187], Collette & Parin 1991:8 [ref. 19110], Trunov 1999:465 [ref. 24579]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus mouchezi (Sauvage 1875). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Southern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

mystinus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1881:455 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 173) [v. for 1880]; ref. 12598] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 27085. Paralectotypes: ANSP 12119 (1, missing); MNHN A-286 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8327 (1); MTD F 174 [ex USNM] (1); RMNH-PISC 11530 [ex USNM 26971] (1); USNM 26971 (1), ?27031 (1, but not this species), 27085 (3), 427237 (1); ZMUC P791064 [ex USNM 27031] (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:346 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:23 [ref. 20738], Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Zarske 2003:31 [ref. 27474]. Replacement name for Sebastodes melanops Ayres (not Girard). Lectotype selected by Frable et al. 2015:370 [ref. 33878]. •Valid as Sebastes mystinus (Jordan & Gilbert 1881) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:144 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:320 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], Moreno 1993:4 [ref. 25511], Orr et al. 2000:27 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:51 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:215 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:360 [ref. 25968], Cope 2004:332 [ref. 27699], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Frable et al. 2015:367 [ref. 33878], Pietsch & Orr 2015:33 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:144 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes mystinus (Jordan & Gilbert 1881). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Sebastes Ayres [W. O.] 1854:178 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Ayres specimens and possible types: BMNH (5), 1863.10.9.35-36 (2). Appeared first as above on 15 Sept.; then in Ayres 1854:5 [ref. 18923] and Ayres 1855:96 [ref. 31481]. •Valid as Sebastes nebulosus Ayres 1854 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:145 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:32 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:52 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:219 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:352 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:33 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:144 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes nebulosus Ayres 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Sebastodes Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1930:461 [Proceedings of the 4th Pacific Science Congress, Java, 1929 v. 3 (Biol. Pap.); ref. 3941] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 22686. Appeared first as above with brief characterization (and misspelled nigricaus); more complete description in Schmidt 1931:97, Fig. 13 [ref. 16332] as Sebastodes (Acumentum) nigricans. Kai & Nakabo 2083:551 [ref. 32653] regard nigrocaus as valid [but nigricans has been used for 56 species of fishes, and nigricaus for zero; therefore nigricaus is regarded as a type-setting error]. •Apparently a synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843, but a valid subspecies -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:76 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:595 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:595 [ref. 26001], Kai et al. 2011:333 [ref. 31619]). •Valid as Sebastes nigricans (Schmidt 1930) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:409 [ref. 26385] dated 1931, Shytko 2001:52 [ref. 26410]). •Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Kai et al. 2011:340 [ref. 31619], Kai & Nakabo 2013:543 [ref. 32653], Parin et al. 2014:219 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

nigrocinctus, Sebastes Ayres [W. O.] 1859:25 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2 (1858-1862); ref. 155] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1863.10.9.27 (1). Any types at CAS would have been lost in 1906. •Valid as Sebastes nigrocinctus Ayres 1859 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:145 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:36 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:53 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:222 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:350 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:33 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:144 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes nigrocinctus Ayres 1859. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigromaculatus, Sebastes Günther [A.] 1873:377 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 71); ref. 18198] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Syntypes: BMNH (2). •Synonym of Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Parin et al. 2014:220 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:59 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

nivosus, Sebastes Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1880:171 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1880; ref. 18287] Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 11273. •Valid as Sebastes nivosus Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:73 [ref. 15964], Cheng & Zhou 1997:410 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:594 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:53 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:594 [ref. 26001], Kai et al. 2013:272 [ref. 35112], Parin et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes nivosus Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

norvegica, Perca Ascanius [P.] 1772:7, Pl. 16 [Icones rerum naturalium, ou figures enluminées d'histoire naturelle du Nord; ref. 5115] Norway. No types known. Originally Perca (Norvegica). Replaces Sebastes marinus (Linnaeus 1758), which was based on a serranid. See Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:xxj, 327 [ref. 998]. Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:238-240 [ref. 20707] pointed out that the sources for the species description in 1758 were referable to Serranus. •Synonym of Sebastes marinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:583 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1225 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:277 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:483 [ref. 25518], Ishida in Okamura et al. 1995:151 [ref. 22531], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:51 [ref. 31169]). •Valid as Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772) -- (McAllister 1990:188 [ref. 14674], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:40, 276 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:177 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Atlantic (including northern North Sea, western Baltic Sea, Barents Sea). Habitat: marine.

norwegica, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:327 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Greenland. No types known. Regarded as independent of Perca norvegica Ascanius 1772, but a junior synonym of it (see Parenti 2003:500 [ref. 27322]). •Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772) -- (Parenti 2003:500 [ref. 27322], Parin et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

notius, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1971:22, Pl. 2 (fig. C) [Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California v. 18; ref. 7668] Eastern Pacific, Guadalupe Island, 29°09.4'N, 117°16'W, depth 240 meters. Holotype: SIO 67-75. Paratypes: SIO 64-29 (2). •Valid as Sebastes notius Chen 1971 -- (Léon-Castro et al. 1993:324 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:43 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:54 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:224 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes notius Chen 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nudus, Sebastes (Murasoius) pachycephalus form Matsubara [K.] 1943:239 [Transactions Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo No. 2; ref. 2905] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: Imp. Fish. Inst. no. 352. Paratypes: (13). Called a form but treated as a subspecies, so regarded as available. Barsukov 2003 selected nudus as valid over Chalcogrammus. •Apparently a synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •Synonym of Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843, but a valid subspecies -- (Nakabo 2000:595 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:595 [ref. 26001]). •Treated chalcogrammus and nudus as a valid species separate from S. pachycephalus, but no first reviser action taken -- (Kai et al. 2011:340 [ref. 31619]). •Valid as Sebastes nudus Matsubara 1943 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:77 [ref. 15964], Shytko 2001:54 [ref. 26410], Yoshiaki & Nakabo 2013:551 [ref. 32653]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes nudus Matsubara 1943. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Korea. Habitat: marine.

oblongus, Sebastes Günther [A.] 1877:435 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Inland Sea of Japan (market of Yokohama), Japan. ? BMNH 1878.4.5.68. Also described as new in Günther 1880:64, Pl. 28 [ref. 2011]. •Valid as Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:64 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:593 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:54 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:593 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 561 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33547]), Current status: Valid as Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Sebastes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier 1836-49:23, Fig. 3 [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 4980] Coast of Chile. Original not seen; perhaps same as Sebastes oculata Cuvier 1833. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Lloris & Rucabado 1991:81 [ref. 22530]). •Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

oculata, Sebastes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6655. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:21 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:81 [ref. 22530]). •Valid as Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:180 [ref. 14235], Rocha-Olivares et al. 1999:410 [ref. 27839], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Venerus et al. 2013 [ref. 32720], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565] with author as Cuvier). Current status: Valid as Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific to Faulkland Islands. Habitat: marine.

osheri, Trachyscorpia McCosker [J. E.] 2008:114, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 59 (no. 3); ref. 29639] Isla Darwin, 1°42.05'N, 92°00.02'W, Galápagos Islands, depth 515 meters. Holotype: CAS 86509. Paratypes: CAS 86504 (1) •Valid as Trachyscorpia osheri McCosker 2008 -- (Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia osheri McCosker 2008. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

ovalis, Sebastodes Ayres [W. O.] 1862:209, Fig. 65 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2; ref. 17944] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Possible type: BMNH 1863.10.9.?. •Valid as Sebastes ovalis (Ayres 1862) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:145 [ref. 9277], Nichol et al. 1989:173 [ref. 23108], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:30 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:56 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:225 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:144 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes ovalis (Ayres 1862). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

owstoni, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:270, Pl. 31 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Aomori, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57088 [ex CM 6026 or 6025]. Paratypes: FMNH 57092 [ex CM 6030a-c] (3), CAS-SU 23208 (5), USNM 119342 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:93 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:41 [ref. 15964], Shinohara et al. 1996:175 [ref. 26605], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:587 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:56 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:587 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 561 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Yagishita et al. 2007:198 [ref. 29235], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al.2014:245 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:219 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson 1914). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pachycephalus, Sebastes Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:47, Pl. 20 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D566 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D563-565 (3, stuffed), 654 (1), 655 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:56 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843, subspecies pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:75 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:595 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:595 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Cheng & Zhou 1997:408 [ref. 26385], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:130 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Shytko 2001:56 [ref. 26410] as pachicephalus, Youn 2002:242, 562 [ref. 26218], Kai et al. 2011:340 [ref. 31619], Kai & Nakabo 2013:542 [ref. 32653], Parin et al. 2014:219 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paradoxus, Sebastes (Mebarus) Matsubara [K.] 1943:198, Fig. 71 [Transactions Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo No. 2; ref. 2905] Huzan fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): FAKU 101045 [ex IFI = FAKU 6386]. •Possible synonym of Sebastes wakiyai (Matsubara 1934). Current status: Uncertain as Sebastes wakiyai (Matsubara 1934). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

parvus, Sebastes ruber var. Ayres [W. O.] 1854:182 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first as above on 22 Sept.; then in Ayres 1854:7 [ref. 18923]. •Synonym of Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

paucispinis, Sebastes Ayres [W. O.] 1854:178 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first as above on 15 Sept.; then in Ayres 1854:6 [ref. 18923] and Ayres 1855:94 [ref. 31481]. •Valid as Sebastes paucispinis Ayres 1854 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:145 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:322 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:324 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:10 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Love et al. 2002:228 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:364 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:33 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:146 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes paucispinis Ayres 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paucispinosus, Sebastes (Acutomentum) Matsubara [K.] 1943:216 [Transactions Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo No. 2; ref. 2905] Kesennuma, near Hukusima, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): FAKU 101044. •Synonym of Sebastes alutus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Ishida & Amaoka 1989:129 [ref. 12865], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:58 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:124 [ref. 26216], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes alutus (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

pavlenkoi, Sebastodes Wales [J. H.] 1930:11 [Copeia 1930 (no. 1); ref. 26047] Cape Povorotnyi, Peter the Great Bay, Russia, Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Replacement for Sebastodes ruber Pavlenko 1910, secondarily preoccupied by Sebastes ruber Ayres 1854. •Synonym of Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:41 [ref. 15964], Parin et al. 2002:S62 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:219 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson 1914). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

peduncularis, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1975:127, Fig. 2e [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 40 (no. 6); ref. 7413] Midway between southern tip of Tiburon Island and Angel de La Guarda Island, 28°55'N, 112°50.5'W, Gulf of California, midwater over 440-450 meters. Holotype: LACM 8818-6. Paratypes: LACM 8818-11 (1). •Valid as Sebastes peduncularis Chen 1975 -- (Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1548 [ref. 22830], Shytko 2001:60 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:232 [ref. 26216] with validity questioned, Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes peduncularis Chen 1975. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

pelagicus, Cyprinus Mohr [N.] 1786:84 [Førsog til en Islandsk naturhistorie, med adskillige oekonomiske samt andre anmaetkninger... Kjøbenhavn.; ref. 17781] Iceland. No types known. Not an original description, perhaps the same as Cyprinus pelagicus Linnaeus 1760:320 [ref. 13326]. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Sebastidae: Sebastinae.

percoides, Sebastes Richardson [J.] & Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1842:384 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 59) (art. 42); ref. 21247] Off Cape Kidnapper and at Motuaro, Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand. No types known. Based on description from drawing by Richardson and quoted description by Solander; authorship suggested here is Richardson & Solander. Main heading is Sebastes percoides, with Scorpaena percoides on p. 385. It is expected that there are undescribed species of Helicolenus in the Australian/New Zealand region. •Valid as Helicolenus percoides (Richardson & Solander 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Paulin 1989:319 [ref. 15772], Paulin et al. 1989:168 [ref. 24556], Ishida in Amaoka et al. 1990:233 [ref. 16024], Paulin & Roberts 1992:136 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:120 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:481 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847] as cf. percoides, Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:497 [ref. 30648], Struthers & Motomura 2015:1080 [ref. 34284]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus percoides (Richardson & Solander 1842). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

phillipsi, Sebastodes Fitch [J. E.] 1964:526, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1964 (no. 3); ref. 1882] 3 miles southwest of East Light, Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS 27026 (dry). Paratypes: CAS 27027 (1), 27028 (1, dry); SIO 15-211 (1) (ex UCLA W63-160), 63-251-53(A) (2); CAS-SU 62096 (2); USNM 197614 (1). •Valid as Sebastes phillipsi (Fitch 1964) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:146 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:60 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:233 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:146 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes phillipsi (Fitch 1964). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pinniger, Sebastosomus Gill [T. N.] 1864:147 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 1696] California, U.S.A. No types known. Based on Sebastodes rosaceus of Ayres (not Girard). •Valid as Sebastes pinniger (Gill 1864) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:146 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:324 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:18 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:60 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:234 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:371 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:33 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:146 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes pinniger (Gill 1864). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

polyspinis, Sebastodes Taranetz [A. Ya.] & Moiseev [P. A.] in Taranetz 1933:69 [Bulletin of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R. 1933 (nos 1-2-3); ref. 15743] Near the Pribilof Islands, east coast of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 25013. Paratypes: (4) not at ZIN. •Valid as Sebastes polyspinis (Taranetz & Moiseev 1933) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:146 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:278 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:22 [ref. 24942], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:62 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:237 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:363 [ref. 25968], Clausen & Heifetz 2002:1 [ref. 27819], Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:220 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:146 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes polyspinis (Taranetz & Moiseev 1933). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

prognathus, Sebastodes Tortonese [E.] 1941-42:245 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia e di Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino (Ser. 4) v. 49; ref. 13187] Valparaíso, Chile. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). •Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

proriger, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:327 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 161); ref. 18353] Monterey Bay and the Farallone Islands, California, U.S.A. (obtained in San Francisco market). Syntypes: (8 plus 6) MNHN A-3233 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 26980 (3), 27105 (4). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:24 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Sebastes proriger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:147 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:326 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:8 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:63 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:239 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:373 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:34 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:146 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes proriger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

purpureus, Sebastichthys chrysomelas Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:130 [8] [West American Scientist v. 6 (no. 48); ref. 1251] Cortez Banks, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2). On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan & Gilbert 1881) -- (Love et al. 2002:142 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan & Gilbert 1881). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

rastrelliger, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:296 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] Point Conception to Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 12130 (1); MNHN A-3207 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8330 (1 not found in 1995); USNM 26908 (4), 27033 (1, not found in 1985), 27102 (2); RMNH 11910 [ex USNM] (1); ZMB 11509 [ex USNM 26908] (1); ZMUB 1067 [ ex USNM 26908] (1); ZMUC [ex USNM 26908] (?). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:346 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:24 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:147 [ref. 9277], Moreno 1993:8 [ref. 25511], Shytko 2001:64 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:240 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:115 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:148 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

reedi, Sebastodes Westrheim [S. J.] & Tsuyuki [H.] 1967:1946, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada v. 24 (no. 9); ref. 19158] 10 miles west of Cape Palmerston off northwestern Vancouver Island, 50°37.1'N, 128°34'W, British Columbia, Canada, depth 94 fathoms. Holotype: UBC 66-140. Paratypes: (several) 66-139 (5), 66-141 to 142 (2, 1). Additional material: NMC 66-269 (4), 273 (1), 283 (3), 288 (4); UBC 65-794 (24), 75-790 (10). •Valid as Sebastes reedi (Westrheim & Tsuyuki 1967) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:147 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:328 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:9 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:64 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:242 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:374 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes reedi (Westrheim & Tsuyuki 1967). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

regulus, Sebastes Ekström [C. U.] in Fries, Ekström & Sundevall 1837:no p., Pl. 49 [Skandinaviens fiskar; ref. 18073] Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

rhodochloris, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:144 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 132); ref. 18351] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 26967. Paralectotypes: (many) MNHN A-3352 [ex USNM] (1); ?RMNH 11709 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 27106 (1), 164523 (1), 203835 (7); ZMB 11730 [ex USNM 26967] (1); ZMUB 1058 [ex USNM 26967] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:24 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:149 [ref. 21547], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946]. Lectotype selected by Chen 1971:16 [ref. 7668]. •Synonym of Sebastes helvomaculatus Ayres 1859 -- (Chen 1971:14 [ref. 7668], Love et al. 2002:187 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes helvomaculatus Ayres 1859. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

rosaceus, Sebastes Girard [C. F.] 1854:146 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] San Diego, California, U.S.A. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:339 [ref. 25968] •Valid as Sebastes rosaceus Girard 1854 -- (Chen 1971:11 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:148 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:38 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:65 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:243 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:34 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:148 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes rosaceus Girard 1854. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rosenblatti, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1971:31, Pl. 4 (fig. B) [Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California v. 18; ref. 7668] La Jolla Submarine Canyon, off La Jolla, California, U.S.A., depth 110 meters. Holotype: SIO 69-223. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.9.5.39 (1), SIO (orig. 37 lots, 96). •Valid as Sebastes rosenblatti Chen 1971 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:148 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:39 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:65 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:246 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807]., Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:148 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes rosenblatti Chen 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Sebastes Ayres [W. O.] 1854:182 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.10.9.23-26 (4). Appeared first as above on 22 Sept.; then in Ayres 1854:7 [ref. 18923] and Ayres 1855:97 [ref. 31481]. •An older name for Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer 1895) -- (Love et al. 2002:250 [ref. 26216]). •Although ruber has occasionally been recognized as valid, we favor continued usage of ruberrimus based on prevailing usage. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer 1895). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Sebastodes Pavlenko [M. N.] 1910:19, Fig. 1 [Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelej Imperatorskom' Kazanskom' Universiteti, Kazan v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 3393] Cape Povorotnyi, Peter the Great Bay, Russia, Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Sebastes by Sebastes ruber Ayres 1854. •Synonym of Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:41 [ref. 15964], Parin et al. 2014:219 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson 1914). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

ruberrimus, Sebastolobus Cramer [F.] 1895:597, Pls. 62, 63, 69 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 14579] Based on Sebastodes ruber Jordan & Gilbert (not Ayres) 1883 [ref. 2476]. •Valid as Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer 1895) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:148 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:279 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:16 [ref. 24942], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Shytko 2001:66 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:248 [ref. 26216] with remarks, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:380 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:34 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:148 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer 1895). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rubrivinctus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:291 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] Reef in Santa Barbara Channel and at Monterey, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 26919 (1), 26989 (5). •Valid as Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Rosenblatt & Chen 1972:32 [ref. 11481], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:149 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:35 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:67 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:251 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:351 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:148 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rufinanus, Sebastes Lea [R. N.] & Fitch [J. E.] 1972:423, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1972 (no. 3); ref. 7625] 1.6 miles southeast of Pyramid Head, San Clemente Island, California, U.S.A, 32°47.8'N, 118°20'W, dead at surface. Holotype: LACM 31906-1. Paratypes: CAS 27154 (1). •Valid as Sebastes rufinanus Lea & Fitch 1972 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:149 [ref. 9277], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:68 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:254 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:150 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes rufinanus Lea & Fitch 1972. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Sebastodes Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:13 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Point Loma, near San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 100 fathoms. Syntypes: (2) ?BMNH 1891.5.19.33 (1) from Eigenmann, USNM 41900 (1). •Valid as Sebastes rufus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:149 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:330 [ref. 26885], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:324 [ref. 24939], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:22 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:68 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:255 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:150 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes rufus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rupestris, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:76 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off Santa Barbara Island, U.S.A., 33°58'N, 119°30'45"W, Albatross station 2946, depth 150 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 48241. Paralectotypes: (5) USNM 48242 (1), 125022 [ex USBF 439] (orig. 3, now 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:122 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1898:1813 [ref. 2444]. •Synonym of Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Love et al. 2002:209 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

sanguineus, Holocentrus Faber [F.] 1829:126 [Naturgeschichte der Fische Islands; ref. 13329] Iceland. See Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:xij, xxj, 327 [ref. 998] who refer to this species. This is North Atlantic species of Sebastes; there are no types. We suggest suppression of this name. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

sasakii, Sebastodes Tanaka [S.] 1916:258 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 28 (no. 333); ref. 15078] Off Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, depth 120 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZUMT (lost). •Synonym of Sebastes itinus (Jordan & Starks 1904). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes itinus (Jordan & Starks 1904). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

saxicola, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:78 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Santa Barbara Islands, southern California, several Albatross stations, depth 44-155 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 27857 (1); CAS-SU 310 (5), ?3632 (2), ?3493 (8), ?3599 (3), ?3631 (3), USNM 46447 (4), 46506 (2), 47081-83 (1, 1, 1), 47086-87 (1, 1), 47089 (1), 47099-100 (1, 1), 47174 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:122 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:150 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:332 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:13 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:68 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:258 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:378 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:34 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:150 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Sebastes Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1880:171 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1880; ref. 18287] Tokyo and Hakodate, Japan. Syntypes: ?RMNH 652 (3); ZMB 7571 (1, missing), 10612-14 (2, 1, 3). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:272-273 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984: [ref. 6441] as schlegeli, Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:62 [ref. 15964] as schlegeli, Cheng & Zhou 1997:407 [ref. 26385] as schlegeli, Kim 1997:398 [ref. 24032] as schlegeli, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670] as schlegeli, Mizuno et al. 1999:7 [ref. 25311] as schlegeli, Nakabo 2000:592 [ref. 25086], Shimizu 2001:25 [ref. 25799], Shytko 2001:69 [ref. 26410] as schlegeli, Kim & Park 2002:320 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:592 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 562 [ref. 26218] as schlegeli, Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Jang et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27681] as schlegeli, Parin et al. 2014:220 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:59 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

scythropus, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:363, Pl. 15 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: USNM 49406. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6271 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastes scythropus (Jordan & Snyder 1900) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:587 [ref. 25086] with authorship as Jordan & Starks, Shinohara et al. 2001:313 [ref. 25995], Shytko 2001:71 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:587 [ref. 26001] with authorship as Jordan & Starks, Kai et al. 2002:371 [ref. 26730], Kai & Nakabo 2004:8 [ref. 27594]) Current status: Valid as Sebastes scythropus (Jordan & Snyder 1900). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

semicinctus, Sebastodes Gilbert [C. H.] 1897:449, Pl. 53 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Santa Barbara Channel, California, U.S.A., depth 55-155 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 302 (9), 325 (9); USNM 47581 (2). •Valid as Sebastes semicinctus (Gilbert 1897) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:150 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:71 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:261 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:36 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:150 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes semicinctus (Gilbert 1897). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

septentrionalis, Sebastes Gaimard [J. P.] 1851:Pl. 9 [Voyage de la commission scientifique du Nord; ref. 1523] Greenland. Original not seen; date may be incorrect. •Synonym of Sebastes marinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:583 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772) -- (Parin et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

serranoides, Sebastodes Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:36 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 18894] Cortez Banks, off San Diego, and San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.11.15.54-55 (?) from Eigenmann, CAS pre-1906 nos. 993 (1), 402 (1), 403 (1), 404 (1), plus 3 others (apparently all lost in 1906). CAS specimens could have been lost in the fire in 1906. •Valid as Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:161 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:29 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:72 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:263 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:150 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

serriceps, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:38 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 109); ref. 18877] Santa Catalina and Santa Barbara, off California, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-3334 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 24977 (3), 26282 (2), 26918 (2), 27041 (2), 27090 (2); ZMB 11637 [ex USNM 27401] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:24 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:274 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes serriceps (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:151 [ref. 9277], Orr et al. 2000:36 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:72 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:266 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:152 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes serriceps (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

simulans, Sebastosomus Gill [T. N.] 1864:147 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 1696] Cape Flattery, northwestern Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 3309 (1). Based on smaller specimen of Sebastes melanops Girard 1856. •Synonym of Sebastes melanops Girard 1856 -- (Love et al. 2002:206 [ref. 26216]). •May not be a synonym -- (Kai et al. 2013:175 [ref. 33093]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes melanops Girard 1856. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

simulator, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1971:16, Pl. 2 (fig. A) [Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California v. 18; ref. 7668] 2 1/2 miles south-southwest of Carlsbad, south of Oceanside, San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 200 meters. Holotype: SIO 68-137. Paratypes: CAS 17607 [ex SIO 56-81] (1); LACM 22127 (1); SIO 15-1961 (2) (ex UCLA W48-19), 49-91 (1) (ex UCLA W49-362), 51-339 (1), 56-5 (2), 56-74 (1), 56-81 (3, now 2), 57-48 (1), 57-220 (1), 62-471 (1), 62-520 (2), 63-161 (5), 64-937 (3), 65-2 (1), 65-58 (1), 65-62 (1), 65-67 (2), 65-70 (2), 65-126 (1), 65-447 (1), 66-17 (3), 67-47 (5), 67-73 (1), 67-74 (5), 67-226 (1), 69-57 (2). •Valid as Sebastes simulator Chen 1971 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:151 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Orr et al. 2000:41 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:72 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:268 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:152 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes simulator Chen 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Sebastes McClelland [J.] 1843:397, Pl. 21 (fig. 3) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] Chusan, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. This name apparently has not been used as a valid name since 1899, and placed in synonymy of Sebastiscus marmoratus by Günther 1860:104 [ref. 1963]. The name is in competition with Sebastes sinensis (Gilbert 1890), a secondary homonym. Sebastes sinensis (Gilbert 1890) has been recognized as a valid species for many years, and that name has not been replaced. We consider it to be a novem protectum under Art. 23.9.1 and Sebastes sinensis McClelland to be a nomen oblitum. •Synonym of Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:81 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Mexico, 29°19'N, 112°50'W, Albatross station 3015, depth 145 fathoms. Syntypes: (2) USNM 43085 (1). Name is in competition with Sebastes sinensis McClelland 1844 which apparently has not been used as a valid name at least since Günther 1860. Sebastes sinensis (Gilbert 1890) has been recognized as a valid species for many years, and that name has not been replaced. We consider it to be a novem protectum under Art. 23.9.1 and Sebastes sinensis McClelland to be a nomen oblitum. •Valid as Sebastes sinensis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Chen 1975:118 [ref. 7413], Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1563 [ref. 22830], Shytko 2001:73 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:270 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes sinensis (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

spinorbis, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1975:113, Fig. 1b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 40 (no. 6); ref. 7413] Bay of Los Angeles, 2.5 miles northeast of Punta Rojas, 28°58.5'N, 113°26.5'W, Gulf of California, Mexico, depth 130-160 meters. Holotype: SIO 69-318. Paratypes: CAS 30689 (2), SIO 69-437 (1). •Valid as Sebastes spinorbis Chen 1975 -- (Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1548 [ref. 22830], Thomson et al. 2000:71 [ref. 25640], Shytko 2001:73 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:271 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Acevedo-Cervantes et al. 2018:151 [ref. 36372]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes spinorbis Chen 1975. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California south to Topolobampo, Sinaloa (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Sebastes Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1880:172 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1880; ref. 18287] Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 11277 (1, dry), 11278 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:273 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes steindachneri Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:46 [ref. 15964], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:591 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:73 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:591 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:242, 562 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:221 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes steindachneri Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

swifti, Sebastodes Evermann [B. W.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1907:285, Fig. 36 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 624) (for 1906); ref. 6532] Vicinity of Yes Bay, Alaska, U.S.A., Albatross station 4234, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 57821. Paratypes: USNM 126656 [ex USFC 1253 = USBF 5228] (1). •Synonym of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898) -- (Love et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:381 [ref. 25968], Orr & Hawkins 2008:119 [ref. 29591]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan & Evermann 1898). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

taczanowskii, Sebastes Steindachner [F.] 1880:256 [19], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 82 (1. Abth., no. 2); ref. 4230] Northern Japan. Syntypes: (2) NMW 79153 (3). On p. 19 of separate. •Valid as Sebastes taczanowskii Steindachner 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:44 [ref. 15964], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:591 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:74 [ref. 26410] as taczanowski, Nakabo 2002:591 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 562 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:221 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes taczanowskii Steindachner 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tanakae, Sebastodes Snyder [J. O.] 1911:536 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 68236. Derivation of name not given; the name tanakae is the correct original spelling and should not be emended (not excluded by Art. 32); the incorrect subsequent spelling tanakai has not been established as prevailing usage, so the spelling tanakae is to be continued. •Synonym of Sebastes nivosus Hilgendorf 1880. •Synonym of Sebastes trivittatus Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Kai et al. 2013:272 [ref. 35112]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes trivittatus Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

tertius, Sebastes Barsukov [V. V.] & Chen [L.-C.] 1978:202 [186], Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 18 (no. 2); ref. 7010] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype: ZIN 22696. Paratypes: ZIN 43595 [ex ZIN 8625] (3), 43366 [ex ZIN 22698] (1), 23085 (1). Non-type material at CAS, SDSC, SIO, UMMZ, ZIN. On p. 186 of English translation. •Valid as Sebastes tertius Barsukov & Chen 1978 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:31 [ref. 15964], Shytko 2001:75 [ref. 26410]). •Valid as Sebastiscus tertius (Barsukov & Chen 1978) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:131 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2347 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:585 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:67 [ref. 25480], Han et al. 2001:63 [ref. 25336], Katoh & Tokimura 2001:247 [ref. 25542], Shinohara et al. 2001:313 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:585 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 565 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:425 [ref. 28370], Morishita et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35907]). Current status: Valid as Sebastiscus tertius (Barsukov & Chen 1978). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific to Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

thelmae, Helicolenus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:300, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 15274] Near Gulf Stream about 70 miles southeast from Cape May, New Jersey, U.S.A. Holotype: ANSP 68261. Paratypes: ANSP 68262 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809) -- (Eschmeyer 1969:95 [ref. 1274], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:666 [ref. 17613]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Sebastodes (Sebastosomus) Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:265, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Miyako, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7167. Paratypes: FMNH 58774 (1), CAS-SU 22640 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Sebastes thompsoni (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:311 [ref. 6441], Chen 1985:36 [ref. 6543], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:56 [ref. 15964], Nagasawa & Kobayashi 1995 [ref. 22170], Nakabo 2000:591 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:76 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:591 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 563 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes thompsoni (Jordan & Hubbs 1925). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tokionis, Sebastodes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:104, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Misaki, Kanaga Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7369. Paratypes: USNM 50905 (1). Additional material: CAS-SU 7413 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sebastes tokionis (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:57 [ref. 15964]). •Synonym of Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829 -- (Kai & Nakabo 2008:244 [ref. 29759]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

triacanthus, Sebastiscus Fowler [H. W.] 1938:53, Fig. 20 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 44912. •Synonym of Hozukius emblemarius (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Ishida & Amaoka 1986:323 [ref. 11443]). Current status: Synonym of Hozukius emblemarius (Jordan & Starks 1904). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

tristanensis, Helicolenus Sivertsen [E.] 1945:17, Fig. 12; Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938 No. 12; ref. 13091] Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic, depth 40-50 meters. Holotype: ZMUO?. Paratypes: (2) VSM uncat. (1). •Valid as Helicolenus tristanensis Sivertsen 1945 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:99 [ref. 1274]). •Synonym of Helicolenus mouchezi (Sauvage 1875) -- (Eschmeyer & Hureau 1971:577 [ref. 21187]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus mouchezi (Sauvage 1875). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

trivittatus, Sebastes Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1880:171 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1880; ref. 18287] Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 11274 (1), 11275 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:273 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes trivittatus Hilgendorf 1880 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:71 [ref. 15964], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:594 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Shytko 2001:76 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:594 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 563 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Kai et al. 2013:272 [ref. 35112], Parin et al. 2014:222 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes trivittatus Hilgendorf 1880. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tsuraara, Sebastiscus Tanaka [S.] 1917:10 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 339); ref. 4329] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 7437. •Synonym of Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

umbrosus, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:410 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 296); ref. 18358] Santa Rosa Island, near Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 31140-41 (1, 1). •Valid as Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Chen 1971:24 [ref. 7668], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:151 [ref. 9277], Léon-Castro et al. 1993:323 [ref. 24939], Shytko 2001:78 [ref. 26410], Orr et al. 2000:42 [ref. 24942], Love et al. 2002:272 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:152 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

unimaculatus, Sebastodes de Buen [F.] 1960:20 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 55; ref. 19922] Valparaíso, Chile, depth 200 meters. Holotype (unique): EBMC 47. •Synonym of Sebastes capensis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kong U. 1985:48 [ref. 11639], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:82 [ref. 22530]). •Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Current status: Synonym of Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes 1833. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

uruguayensis, Helicolenus Fowler [H. W.] 1943:326, Figs. 18-19 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 95; ref. 1444] Off Uruguay. Holotype: ANSP 70325. Paratypes: ANSP 70326-27 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809), subspecies lahillei Norman 1937 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:96 [ref. 1274]). Current status: Synonym of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche 1809). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

vachellii, Sebastes Richardson [J.] 1846:214 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Type information: Whitehead 1970:211 [ref. 11606]. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

variabilis, Perca Pallas [P. S.] 1814:241 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] North American seas. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8670 (1, dry). Paralectotypes: ZMB 6494 (1, dry, lost) Kamchatka, 8145 (1, dry, lost) Aleutian Is. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:25 [ref. 20738] as paratype, Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:117 [ref. 12478], Paepke & Fricke 1992:272 [ref. 19946]. Until Orr & Blackburn 2004 [ref. 27661], this species was considered a synonym of Sebastes ciliatus. Lectotype selected by Orr & Blackburn 2004:330, 340 [ref. 27661]. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:25 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Sebastes variabilis (Pallas 1814) -- (Orr & Blackburn 2004:340 [ref. 27661], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:222 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:152 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes variabilis (Pallas 1814). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Japan, east coast of Kamchatka to Bering Sea, through the Gulf of Alaska and to British Columbia (Canada) and Oregon (U.S.A.) Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Sebastes Quast [J. C.] 1971:388, Figs. 1-3 [United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 7701] South of Kodiak Island, Gulf of Alaska, North Pacific, 56°25'N, 152°25'W, depth 284 meters. Holotype: CAS 24857. Paratypes: SIO 70-171 (1), USNM 204937 (1). Additional material: AB (20 lots, 35); UBC 70-2 (1). •Valid as Sebastes variegatus Quast 1971 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:152 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:280 [ref. 26885], Orr & Baker 1996:133 [ref. 23102], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Eitner et al. 1999:92 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:13 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:78 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:274 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:368 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:152 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes variegatus Quast 1971. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

varispinis, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] 1975:125, Fig. 2a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 40 (no. 6); ref. 7413] Ballenas Channel, Gulf of California, Mexico, 28°58'N, 113°11.4'W, midwater, 0-500 meters over 1400 meters. Holotype: LACM 8821-11. Paratypes: LACM 8821-8 (60). •Valid as Sebastes varispinis Chen 1975 -- (Poss in Fischer et al. 1995:1548 [ref. 22830], Shytko 2001:79 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:276 [ref. 26216], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes varispinis Chen 1975. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

ventricosus, Sebastes Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:48, Pl. 20 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japan [Nagasaki]. Lectotype: RMNH D575 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D572-D574 (3, stuffed); ZMB 777 (1), 779 (1), 8164 (1, dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:58 [ref. 12876], Paepke & Fricke 1992:273 [ref. 19946], Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:58 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Sebaster ventricosus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:60 [ref. 15964], Shytko 2001:79 [ref. 26410]). •Synonym of Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1985:23 [ref. 6543]). •Status uncertain -- (Kai & Nakabo 2002:260 [ref. 26335], Kai et al. 2002:2596 [ref. 26731]). •Valid as Sebastes ventricosus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Kai & Nakabo 2008:251 [ref. 29759], Matsunuma et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31558]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes ventricosus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Japan and southern Korean Peninsula. Habitat: marine.

verai, Trachyscorpia Béarez [P.] & Motomura [H.] 2009:62, Figs 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2277; ref. 30680] Off Puerto López (1°33'S, 80°49'W), Ecuador, eastern Pacific, by longline [from fish market], depth about 200 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2007-0086. •Valid as Trachyscorpia verai Béarez & Motomura 2009. Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia verai Béarez & Motomura 2009. Sebastidae: Sebastolobinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

vexillaris, Sebastichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:292 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 150); ref. 10598] Coast of California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (many) CAS (1, lostin 1906); MNHN A-3289 [ex USNM] (1); MSNG 8335 (1); RMNH 11641 (1); USNM 26946 (1), 26997 (1), 27087 (5); ZMB 11755 [ex USNM 26997] (1); ZMUB 1064 [ex USNM 26997] (1); ZMUC [ex USNM 26997] (?). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:345 [ref. 10350], Blanc & Hureau 1968:24-25 [ref. 20738], Frøiland 1979:150 [ref. 21547], Paepke & Fricke 1992:275 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Sebastes vexillaris (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Shytko 2001:79 [ref. 26410]). •Synonym of Sebastes caurinus Richardson 1844 -- (Love et al. 2002:146 [ref. 26216]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes caurinus Richardson 1844. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vibrantus, Sebastiscus Morishita [S.], Kawai [T.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:[2], Figs. 1, 3 [Ichthyological Research v. 65 (no. 4); ref. 35907] Off Bali, Indonesia, purchase. Holotype: MZB 24594. Paratypes: CSIRO, HUMZ, KAUM, MZB. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Sebastiscus vibrantus Morishita, Kawai & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Sebastiscus vibrantus Morishita, Kawai & Motomura 2018. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Bali (Indonesia) and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

viviparus, Lythrichthys Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1930:461 [Proceedings of the 4th Pacific Science Congress, Java, 1929 v. 3 (Biol. Pap.); ref. 3941] Suruga Bay, Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 22710. Available as above with brief description [with genus spelled once as Lytrichthys]; more compete description in Schmidt 1931:106, Fig. 17 [ref. 16332]. •Synonym of Sebastiscus albofasciatus (Lacepède 1802). Current status: Synonym of Sebastiscus albofasciatus (Lacepède 1802). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Habitat: marine.

viviparus, Sebastes Krøyer [H. N.] 1845:275 [Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift (Kjøbenhavn) (n. s.) v. 1; ref. 2689] Norway. Syntypes: ZMUC 42-46 (5) Bergen. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:80 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Sebastes viviparus Krøyer 1845 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:584 [ref. 7218], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1227 [ref. 13677], Ishida in Okamura et al. 1995:160 [ref. 22531], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:51 [ref. 31169], Parin et al. 2014:222 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:179 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes viviparus Krøyer 1845. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Greenland; western Baltic Sea, northern North Sea, eastern North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic. Habitat: marine.

vulpes, Sebastes Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:203 [35] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Fish market in Tokyo, Japan. Lectotype: NMW 75386. Paralectotypes: NMW 5878 (1), 58146 (1); ZMB 12069 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:273 [ref. 19946]. Type information (ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:162 [ref. 26515]. Lectotype selected by Muto et al. 2018:[5] [ref. 35963]. •Valid as Sebastes vulpes Döderlein 1884 -- (Chen & Barsukov 1976:2 [ref. 22762], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:69 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:593 [ref. 25086], Nagasawa 2000:311 [ref. 25129], Shytko 2001:80 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:593 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 563 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2014:223 [ref. 33547], Muto et al. 2018:[5] [ref. 35963]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes vulpes Döderlein 1884. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Coastal Hokkaido southward to Shimane and Sagami Bay, Japan and off the Korean Peninsula, Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

wakiyai, Sebastodes (Primospina) Matsubara [K.] 1934:205 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13900] Miyako, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. No types at FAKU. •Valid as Sebastes wakiyai (Matsubara 1934) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:48 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:590 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:81 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:590 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 563 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2014:223 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes wakiyai (Matsubara 1934). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

wilsoni, Sebastodes Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:333, Pl. 16 (fig. 7 [not 8]) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Monterey, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 4518, depth 66-140 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75811. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22992 (1). •Valid as Sebastes wilsoni (Gilbert 1915) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:152 [ref. 9277], Eitner et al. 1999:92 [ref. 23702], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Orr et al. 2000:24 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:81 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:277 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:370 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:154 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes wilsoni (Gilbert 1915). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zacentrus, Sebastichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:77 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Santa Barbara Islands, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 2893, depth 145 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 48243. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 2460 (1), 4344 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:122-123 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Jorday & Evermann 1898:1815 [ref. 2444]. •Valid as Sebastes zacentrus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:152 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:334 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:189 [ref. 14674], Eitner et al. 1999:91 [ref. 23702], Orr et al. 2000:12 [ref. 24942], Shytko 2001:82 [ref. 26410], Love et al. 2002:279 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:379 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:36 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:154 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes zacentrus (Gilbert 1890). Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zonatus, Sebastes Chen [L.-C.] & Barsukov [V. V.] 1976:6, Fig. 1c [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 22762] Off Furube, near Usujiri, Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan, depth 120 meters. Holotype: SIO 75-475. Paratypes: CAS 34077 (2); SIO 75-476 (3). •Valid as Sebastes zonatus Chen & Barsukov 1976 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:312 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:66 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:593 [ref. 25086], Shytko 2001:83 [ref. 26410], Nakabo 2002:593 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:243, 563 [ref. 26218], Muto et al. 2018:[14] [ref. 35963]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes zonatus Chen & Barsukov 1976. Sebastidae: Sebastinae. Distribution: Coastal Hokkaido southward to Tosa Bay, Yamaguchi and the Seto Inland Sea, Japan and off the southern Korean Peninsula, Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.