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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Tetrarogidae: [ 82 ] records


aeglefinus, Paracentropogon Weber [M.] 1913:500, Pl. 6 (fig. 8) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Halmahera Sea; Timor Sea; Lobetobi straits, Savu Sea; Saleh Bay, Sumbawa; [Siboga stations 167, 302, 306, 312], depth 95-274 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 110234-37 (2, 4, 5, 1), 110240 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:81 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Neocentropogon aeglefinus (Weber 1913) -- (Klausewitz 1985:21 [ref. 5806], Paxton et al. 1989:444 [ref. 12442] as anglefinis, Mohsin & Ambak 1996:572 [ref. 27969] as aegelfinus, Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847] as anglefinis, Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:287 [ref. 33298], Fricke et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35210]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon aeglefinus (Weber 1913). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Gymnapistus Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:162 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Gulf of Martaban, Myanmar, 14°50'N, 96°00'E, Investigator station 329, depth 46 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F1172-1178/1 (7). Type catalog: Menon & Rama Rao 1971:344 [ref. 31198], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 47 (fig. 2) [ref. 20539]. •Valid as Neocentropogon affinis (Lloyd 1909) -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:287 [ref. 33298], Fricke et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35210], Psomadakis et al. 2020:363 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon affinis (Lloyd 1909). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar endemic. Habitat: marine.

albifrons, Tetraroge Duncker [G.] & Mohr [E.] 1929:70 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Staatsinstitut und Zoologischen Museum in Hamburg. v. 44; ref. 15892] Langemak Bay, east coast of New Guinea. Lectotype: ZMH H145 [ex 11834]. Paralectotypes: ZMH 11835 (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:167 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:408 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype designation: Ladiges et al. 1958:167 [ref. 19181]. •Questionably as synonym of Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alboguttata, Tetraroge Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:301 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Originally as albo-guttata. Based on 'Taenianote à goutelettes blanches' of Liénard 1843:67 [ref. 20927]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829) - (Fricke 1999:165 [ref. 24106]). •Not a species of Ablabys -- (Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:119 [ref. 36252]). Current status: Uncertain as Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

albomarginata, Tetraroge Perugia [A.] 1896:51 [5] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 16; ref. 14616] Mentawi Island, Indonesia. Syntypes: MSNG 12575 (orig. 3, now 2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:346 [ref. 10350]. On p. 5 of separate. Synonym of Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae.

amblycephaloides, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1853:250 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5887 (1 of 8). Original as amblycephaloïdes. •Synonym of Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

amblycephalus, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1850:27 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16886] Padang, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5887 (1 of 8). See Apistus amblycephaloides Bleeker 1853. •Synonym of Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

apia, Ocosia Poss [S. G.] & Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1975:8, Figs. 2D, 6 [Matsya No. 1; ref. 6388] Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands, 29°15'S, 177°57'W, depth 83 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P791087. Paratypes: AMS I.18496-001 (1); BMNH 1975.12.10.1 (1); CAS 33916 (2), 33917 (1, c&s); USNM 214814 (1); ZMUC P791086 (1), P791088-1099 (12). •Valid as Ocosia apia Poss & Eschmeyer 1975 -- (Paulin 1982:447 [ref. 23678], Paulin et al. 1989:168 [ref. 24556], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Poss 1999:2324 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33930], Struthers 2015:1102 [ref. 34261], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia apia Poss & Eschmeyer 1975. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia), Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

australis, Cottus Shaw [G.] in White 1790:266, Pl. 52 [Journal of a voyage to New South Wales; ref. 4654] Between Botany Bay and Broken Bay, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Authorship according to Sherborn 1891:535 [ref. 32516]. •Valid as Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:118 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:82 [ref. 25488], Poss 1999:2311 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:499 [ref. 30648]). Current status: Valid as Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barbatus, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:413 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Bouana River near the sea, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 707. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Kottelat et al. 1993:102 [ref. 23448], Myers 1999:102 [ref. 23965], Poss 1999:2350 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:599 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:92 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:599 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:55 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines east to Palau and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

belengerii, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:412 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Mahé, Malabar coast, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6522 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:5 [ref. 20738] as belangerii. •Synonym of Vespicula dracaena (Cuvier 1829) -- (authors). •Synonym of Pseudovespicula dracaena (Cuvier 1829) -- (based on Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudovespicula dracaena (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

bellona, Tetraroge De Vis [C. W.] 1884:460 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1598. •Synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

binotatus, Apistus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:434 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Ibo, Mozambique, 12°S. Holotype: ZMB 814. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:275 [ref. 19946]. Also described as new in Peters 1855:241 [ref. 13448]. •Valid as Ablabys binotatus (Peters 1855) -- (Poss 1986:479 [ref. 6296], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Randall & Spreinat 2004:48 [ref. 27610], Prokofiev 2008:304 [ref. 29592], Varghese 2013:1 [ref. 36763], Fricke et al. 2018:136 [ref. 35805], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:127 [ref. 36252]). Current status: Valid as Ablabys binotatus (Peters 1855). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Madagascar; Gulf of Mannar (southern India). Habitat: marine.

binotopterus, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1850:26 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16886] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5886 (possibly 1 of 17). •Synonym of Vespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848) -- (authors). •Synonym of Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848) -- (based on Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

bottae, Prosopodasys Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:132, Pl. 1 (fig. 11) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) v. 1; ref. 3880] Red Sea? [probably in error]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6753. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:8 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Vespicula bottae (Sauvage 1878) -- (Dor 1984:89 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:22 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Vespicula trachinoides (Cuvier 1829) -- (Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:65 [ref. 35264]). •Synonym of Trichosomus trachinoides Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trichosomus trachinoides (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

bougainvillii, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:411 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5255. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:5-6 [ref. 20738]. •Questionably a synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

cottoides, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:291 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality [= East Indies]. No types known. •Valid as Cottapistus cottoides (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:50 [ref. 25477] with Cuvier as author, Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442] and Allen 1997:78 [ref. 23977] but with wrong author, Poss 1999:2312 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:898 [ref. 29078], Larson et al. 2013:83 [ref. 32988] with author and date as Cuvier 1829). Current status: Valid as Cottapistus cottoides (Linnaeus 1758). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cristagalli, Tetraroge Günther [A.] 1860:134 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Philippines. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1843.9.30.21. Originally as crista-galli. •Synonym of Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:119 [ref. 36252]). Current status: Synonym of Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

cynocephalus, Paracentropogon Weber [M.] 1913:501, Fig. 103 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Molo Strait, Siboga station 51, depth 90-54 m; Flores Sea, 8°30'S, 119°07.5'E, station 310, depth 73 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 110231-33 (1, 2, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:82 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Cottapistus cottoides (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Cottapistus cottoides (Linnaeus 1758). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

cypho, Prosopodasys Fowler [H. W.] 1938:86, Fig. 39 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Davao, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 98902. •Valid as Vespicula cypho (Fowler 1938) -- (Poss 1999:2351 [ref. 24796]). Current status: Valid as Vespicula cypho (Fowler 1938). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

darnleyensis, Tetraroge Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:278, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Erub [= Darnley] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16352-001 [ex MAMU F761]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Tetraroge darnleyensis Alleyne & Macleay 1877 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Richardsonichthys leucogaster (Richardson 1848) -- (Allen et al. 2006:902 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Richardsonichthys leucogaster (Richardson 1848). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

depressifrons, Apistes Richardson [J.] 1848:1, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Vespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:102 [ref. 23448], Poss 1999:2352 [ref. 24796]). •Valid as Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848) -- (Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

deruptus, Glyptauchen panduratus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:117 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. No types known. Based on Glyptauchen panduratus of Castelnau 1872:244 [ref. 757], and Castelnau 1873:62 [ref. 758]. •Synonym of Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:479 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

dracaena, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:403 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Malabar coast, India. Syntypes: MHNG 148.43 (1); MNHN 0000-5743 (2), 7306 (2); SMF 389 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1); ZMB 807 (1), 808 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:6 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:268 [ref. 19946], Weber 1998:12 [ref. 23532] as dracoena. •Valid as Vespicula dracaena (Cuvier 1829) -- (Randall 1995:112 [ref. 22896] as dracaene, Carpenter et al. 1997:138 [ref. 23922] as dracaene, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377] as dracaene). •Valid as Pseudovespicula dracaena (Cuvier 1829) -- (Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Eagderi et al. 2019:130 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pseudovespicula dracaena (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf to India and Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Ocosia Matsubara [K.] 1943:443, Fig. 147 [Transactions Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo No. 2; ref. 2905] Kumano-Nada, Kii Peninsula, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 3048. Paratypes: FAKU 1769-72 (4), 1880 (1), 3049 (1), 3051 (1), 3053-59 (7), 3061 (1), 3066-68 (3), 3064 (1), 3069-74 (6), 3084 (1), 3143 (1), 3146-50 (5), 3163 (1), 4545 (1), 4570 (1), 4572 (1), 4947 (1). •Valid as Ocosia fasciata Matsubara 1943 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1975:5 [ref. 6388], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:600 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Shinohara et al. 2001:314 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:600 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:424 [ref. 28370], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552], Sonoyama et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia fasciata Matsubara 1943. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific:southern China to southern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

fuscovirens, Apistus Cuvier [G.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:409 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Originally as fusco-virens. Subjective synonym of Apistus longispinus Cuvier; Bleeker (1876) apparently gives precedence to longispinus. •Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

gogorzae, Prosopodasys Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:792, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 52054. •Synonym of Trichosomus trachinoides (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]) Current status: Synonym of Trichosomus trachinoides (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

gracile, Ocosia Fowler [H. W.] 1943:70, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Off Ose Saki Light, 32°31'10"N, 128°33'20"E, 10-20 miles southwestern Goto Islands, Japan, Albatross station D.4903, depth 139 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99513. Paratypes: USNM 99514 (1). •Synonym of Ocosia fasciata Matsubara 1943 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1975:4 [ref. 6388]). Current status: Synonym of Ocosia fasciata Matsubara 1943. Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Tetraroge Boulenger [G. A.] 1889:239, Pl. 25 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1889 (pt 2); ref. 14491] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1888.12.29.145. •Valid as Snyderina guentheri (Boulenger 1889) -- (Randall 1995:112 [ref. 22896], Mandrytsa 2001:279 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:186 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:364 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Snyderina guentheri (Boulenger 1889). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Gulf of Oman east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

gymnoderma, Tetraroge Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1906:147, Pl. 37 (top) [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 4; ref. 1647] Cape St. Blaize, Baird Island Lighthouse, False Island, Rockland Point, Seal Island, Fish Hook Bay, South Africa, depth 5-59 fathoms. Syntypes: (9 lots) BMNH 1905.1.7.7-9 (3), 1930.1.14.6 (1). •Valid as Coccotropsis gymnoderma (Gilchrist 1906) -- (Poss 1986:479 [ref. 6296], Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Coccotropsis gymnoderma (Gilchrist 1906). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

gymnothorax, Ablabys Chungthanawong [S.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:120, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 1); ref. 36252] Off Kasasa, Minami-satsuma, Kagoshima, Japan, 31°25'44"N, 130°11'49"E, depth 27 meters. Holotype: KAUM-I. 77808. Paratypes: NMMB, NSMT. •Valid as Ablabys gymnothorax Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Ablabys gymnothorax Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Taiwan and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

hamiltoni, Tetraroge De Vis [C. W.] 1884:460 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Moreton Bay and Tweed River, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.116 (1) Dunwich. •Synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hawkesburyensis, Centropogon Krefft [J. L. G.] 1862:12 [List of the Australian reptiles and fresh water fishes in the collection of the Australian Musuem, Sydney; ref. 20234] Not available, name only and locality (Upper Hawkesbury R. near Richmond, N. S. W., Australia). •In the synonymy of Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:445 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860). Tetrarogidae.

hypselopterus, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1851:238 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 331] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique) (?): RMNH 5878. •Questionably a synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Centropogon Day [F.] 1875:155, Pl. 38 (fig. 2) [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F1734. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:154 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. •Questionably a synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

insidiator, Glyptauchen Whitley [G. P.] 1931:118, Pl. 14 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] Kurnell, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.4634. •Valid as Glyptauchen insidiator Whitley 1931 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:479 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

jacksoniana, Scorpaena Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:327 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-6640. •Synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw 1790). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

japonicus, Neocentropogon aeglefinus Matsubara [K.] 1943:432, Fig. 144 [Transactions Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo No. 2; ref. 2905] Kôti, Kochi Province, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 1761. Paratypes: [2 uncataloged specimens found in 1997] FAKU 1762 (1), 6075-76 (2). •Synonym of Neocentropogon aeglefinus (Weber 1913), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:171 [ref. 26476], Nakabo 2000:599 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:314 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:599 [ref. 26001], Ogihara & Motomura 2012:139 [ref. 32409]). •Valid as Neocentropogon japonicus Matsubara 1943 -- (Klausewitz 1985:21 [ref. 5806], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Ho et al. 2009:28 [ref. 31217], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Fricke et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35210]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon japonicus Matsubara 1943. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: South China Sea to Japan. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Centropogon australis Mees [G. F.] 1962:28, Pl. 1 [Fisheries Bulletin Western Australia No. 9 (pt 3); ref. 6084] Cheyne Beach, east of Albany, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.5140-001. Paratypes: RMNH 24582 [ex WAM] (1); WAM P.4871-001 (orig 2, now 1), P.4872-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:16 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:17 [ref. 30117] •Synonym of Centropogon australis (White 1790) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Centropogon latifrons Mees 1962 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:478 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:500 [ref. 30648], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Centropogon latifrons Mees 1962. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

leucogaster, Apistes Richardson [J.] 1848:5, Pl. 5 (figs. 1-2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Sea of China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1979.11.1.1. •Valid as Tetraroge leucogaster (Richardson 1848) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:50 [ref. 25477]). •Valid as Richardsonichthys leucogaster (Richardson 1848) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:447 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:80 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:78 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:80 [ref. 25919], Poss 1999:2333 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:129 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:902 [ref. 29078], Prokofiev 2008:304 [ref. 29592], Motomura 2009:70 [ref. 30446], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:84 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Richardsonichthys leucogaster (Richardson 1848). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Seychelles east to Philippines, north to southern China, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

leucoprosopos, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1856:35 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1; ref. 311] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5875. Centropogon leucoprosopon Günther 1860:130 [ref. 1963] was an unjustified emendation, but that spelling was adopted by Bleeker himself (1876) and others; we suggest continuing the emended spelling if this species is found to be valid. •W=Questionably a synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

livingstonei, Paracentropogon vespa Whitley [G. P.] 1933:94, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Between Broome and Cape Bossutt, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.4236. •Synonym of Paracentropogon vespa Ogilby 1910 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon vespa Ogilby 1910. Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

longispinis, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:408 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5287 (4), ZMB 810 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:6 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:268 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442] as longispinus, Poss 1999:2325 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:62 [ref. 25480] as longispinus, Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:177 [ref. 27511], Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:38 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:129 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078], Shao et al. 2008:246 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:247 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:84 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India to the East Indies region to Philippines, north to Taiwan and southern China, south to Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macracanthus, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1852:267 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5882 (largest of 2). •Valid as Ablabys macracanthus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:604 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Randall & Spreinat 2004:48 [ref. 27610], Prokofiev 2008:302 [ref. 29592], Allen & Erdmann 2012:246 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:55 [ref. 33932], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:127 [ref. 36252], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:363 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Ablabys macracanthus (Bleeker 1852). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Myanmar and Andaman Islands east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

marleyi, Amblyapistus Regan [C. T.] 1919:202, Fig. 5 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 2 (pt 4) (art. 18); ref. 15230] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1919.4.1.32. •Synonym of Ablabys binotatus (Peters 1855) -- (Poss 1986:479 [ref. 6296]). Current status: Synonym of Ablabys binotatus (Peters 1855). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:416 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago [probably in error for Western Australia]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6523 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:6 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Gymnapistes marmoratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:117 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:84 [ref. 25488], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:501 [ref. 30648]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapistes marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marmoratus, Centropogon Günther [A.] 1862:190 [3], Pl. 27 (fig. B) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 24 June 1862); ref. 1970] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1861.1.6.44. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Centropogon australis (White 1790) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Centropogon marmoratus Günther 1862 -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:898 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Valid as Centropogon marmoratus Günther 1862. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

melas, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1850:26 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16886] Padang, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 5880 (1 of 5). •Synonym of Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mesedai, Neocentropogon Klausewitz [W.] 1985:17, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Maritima v. 17 (no. 1/3); ref. 5806] Mismaris-Trough, southwest of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, 21°22'N, 39°04'E, depth 383-363 meters. Holotype: SMF 20198. Paratypes: SMF 20199-202 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Neocentropogon mesedai Klausewitz 1985 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Fricke et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35210], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[23] 261 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon mesedai Klausewitz 1985. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

mirandus, Glyptauchen insidiator Whitley [G. P.] 1931:120 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.5786. •Synonym of Glyptauchen insidiator Whitley 1931 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:479 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

multicolor, Apistus Richardson [J.] 1848:3, Pl. 4 (figs. 3-4) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Sea of China. Syntypes: (2). •Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:415 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Arian Coupang River mouth, Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6638 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:6-7 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Tetraroge niger (Cuvier 1829) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:652 [ref. 25598], Kottelat et al. 1993:102 [ref. 23448], Poss 1999:2350 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:599 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:92 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:599 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2014:55 [ref. 33932], Suresh et al. 2018:174 [ref. 36495]). •Valid as Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492], Sato et al. 2020:[2] [ref. 37744]). Current status: Valid as Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nitens, Centropogon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:459 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.954 (dry mount, delicate). •Synonym of Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:445 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nuda, Tetraroge longispinis var. Günther [A.] 1880:66 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kobe, Japan. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.248-250 (3), 1879.5.14.263-264 (1). •Synonym of Paracentropogon rubripinnis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon rubripinnis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

panduratus, Apistes Richardson [J.] 1850:58, Pl. 1 (figs. 3-4) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 1) (for 9 Apr. 1850); ref. 3745] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH or NMSZ (dry). •Valid as Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:117 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:479 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:82 [ref. 25488], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:500 [ref. 30648]). Current status: Valid as Glyptauchen panduratus (Richardson 1850). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

pauciporus, Ablabys Chungthanawong [S.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:115, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 1); ref. 36252] North of Riptide Cay, Swain Reefs, Queensland, Australia, 20°58'05"S, 151°51'03"E, depth 44 meters. Holotype: QM I.36106. Paratypes: KAUM, QM. •Valid as Ablabys pauciporus Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Ablabys pauciporus Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

plagiometopon, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1853:744, 753 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Bulucomba [Bulukumba], Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): apparently lost, 17 in RMNH 5886 are too small. •Synonym of Vespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848) -- (authors). •Synonym of Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848) -- (based on Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Neovespicula depressifrons (Richardson 1848). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

pleurostigma, Paracentropogon Weber [M.] 1913:499, Fig. 102 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Near New Guinea, 1°42.5'S, 130°47.5'E, Siboga station 164, depth 32 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 110299. Paralectotypes: ZMA 110230 (6). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:82 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Motomura et al. 2008:31, 32 [ref. 29851]. •Valid as Liocranium pleurostigma (Weber 1913) -- (Motomura et al. 2008:27 [ref. 29851], Allen & Erdmann 2012:247 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:84 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Liocranium pleurostigma (Weber 1913). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

possi, Ocosia Mandrytsa [S. A.] & Usachev [S. I.] 1990:325 [130], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 19196] Western Indian Ocean, Saya de Malha Bank (Seychelles EEZ), 10°50' to 12°04'S, 60°40' to 62°30'E, depth 170-230 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48785. Paratypes: ZIN 48786-87 (3, 4). On p. 130 of English translation. •Valid as Ocosia possi Mandrytsa & Usachev 1990 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia possi Mandrytsa & Usachev 1990. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean, Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

praepositum, Liocranium Ogilby [J. D.] 1903:25 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 18; ref. 3280] Coast of Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: QM I.1582. Syntypes: QM I.509 (1). Lectotype selected by Motomura aet al. 2008:33, 37 [ref. 29851]. •Valid as Cottapistus praepositus (Ogilby 1903) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Liocranium praepositum Ogilby 1903 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Larson & Williams 1997:352 [ref. 23967], Poss 1999:2318 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2008:33 [ref. 29851], Allen & Erdmann 2012:247 [ref. 31980]) Current status: Valid as Liocranium praepositum Ogilby 1903. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Coast of Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

profundus, Paracentropogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:171, Pl. 7 (fig. I) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 12; ref. 4120] About 14°S, off Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, depth 80 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 300. •Valid as Neocentropogon profundus (Smith 1958) -- (Klausewitz 1985:21 [ref. 5806], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Fricke et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35210]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon profundus (Smith 1958). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique and La Réunion. Habitat: marine.

ramaraoi, Ocosia Poss [S. G.] & Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1975:7, Figs. 2C, 5 [Matsya No. 1; ref. 6388] Quilon coast, India, depth 245-274 meters. Holotype: CAS 31259. Paratypes: CAS 31260 [not 21360] (1, c&s), MBSM (Marine Biological Station Madras) F 7 (1). •Valid as Ocosia ramaraoi Poss & Eschmeyer 1975 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia ramaraoi Poss & Eschmeyer 1975. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: off southwestern India. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Centropogon Günther [A.] 1860:128 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (2, stuffed) ?BMNH 1852.7.10.6 (1, stuffed), BMNH 1852.7.10.7 (1, stuffed). •Valid as Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:445 [ref. 12442], Pollard & Parker in McDowall 1996:144 [ref. 22909], Poss 1999:2324 [ref. 24796], Johnson 2001:727 [ref. 25471], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2002:178 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Pusey et al. 2017:47 [ ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

rubripinnis, Apistus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:49, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 716a. Paralectotypes: RMNH 716 (6), ZMB 815 (1). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:59 [ref. 12876], Paepke & Fricke 1992:276 [ref. 19946], Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:59 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Hypodytes rubripinnis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:165 [ref. 15964], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:132 [ref. 23963], Nakabo 2000:600 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2000:177 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:26 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:600 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:242, 558 [ref. 26218], Kwun et al. 2017:141 [ref. 37287]). •Valid as Paracentropogon rubripinnis (Temminck & Schegel 1843) -- (Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636], Ogihara & Motomura 2012:142 [ref. 32409], Sonoyama et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Paracentropogon rubripinnis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan and South Korea. Habitat: marine.

scorpio, Paracentropogon Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:115 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] 14 miles southeast, off Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 13 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) AMS E.2681 (1), E.2945 (1), IA.140 (1); ?QM I.1578 (1). •Valid as Cottapistus scorpio (Ogilby 1910) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Cottapistus cottoides (Linaneus 1758) -- (Allen et al. 2006:898 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Cottapistus cottoides (Linnaeus 1758). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

slacksmithi, Amblyapistus (Parocosia) Whitley [G. P.] 1958:45 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1956-57; ref. 4728] Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.3898. •Synonym of Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:119 [ref. 36252]). Current status: Synonym of Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

sphex, Ocosia Fricke [R.] 2017:3, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 28; ref. 35552] Western Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea, New Ireland Province, northwest of New Hanover, 2°24.64'S, 149°58.74'E to 2°25.32'S, 149°57.79'E, depth 120-155 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 11318. •Valid as Ocosia sphex Fricke 2017 -- (Fricke et al. 2019:105 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia sphex Fricke 2017. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Ireland (Papua New Guinea endemic). Habitat: marine.

spinosa, Ocosia Chen [L.-C.] 1981:41, Figs. 4, 28 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 34 (nos 1/2); ref. 8619] Off Tung-kang [Donggang], southwestern Taiwan, South China Sea, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): CAS 47296. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:40 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Ocosia spinosa Chen 1981 -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Ho & Shao 2011:40 [ref. 31432], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia spinosa Chen 1981. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

spinosa, Scorpaena Gmelin [J. F.] (ex Linck) 1789:1220 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] No locality (possibly Indonesia). Holotype (unique): MNW NAT1840. Holotype: ex Museum Linckianum, Leipzig, No. 178. Based on the "Scorpaena, capite spinoso ..." of Linck 1783:41 [ref. 35507]. Unused senior synonym of Apistus longispinis Cuvier 1829, here treated as nomen oblitum (R. Fricke, email 4 Aug. 2017). •Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

taenianotus, Apistus Cuvier [G.] 1829:168 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Mauritius [questioned in ref. 31980], Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN (apparently lost). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738]. Appeared first in footnote in Cuvier 1829:168 [ref. 995] but as Ap. taenianotus, but Ap. tied to a vernacular "Les Apistes" and not to a Latinized generic name. Based on Lacepède 1802, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 4929] which Cuvier renamed Apistus taeniatus, while the corresponding text represents a malacanthid. •Valid as Amblyapistus taenianotus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:107 [ref. 23929] as taenionotus, Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1990:78 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:78 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:102 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:165 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2309 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:599 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:604 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:162 [ref. 25191], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:176 [ref. 27511], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:599 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:37 [ref. 27510], Randall & Spreinat 2004:48 [ref. 27610], Randall 2005:129 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078], Prokofiev 2008:304 [ref. 29592], Fricke et al. 2009:41 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:93 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:246 [ref. 31980], Ogihara & Motomura 2012:142 [ref. 32409], Larson et al. 2013:83 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:55 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:136 [ref. 35805], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:119 [ref. 36252], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2018:79 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:105 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:363 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines and Fiji, north to Japan, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

tasmanensis, Apistes Gray [J. E.] 1838:111 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 1884] Tasmania, Australia. BMNH (possible). •Synonym of Gymnapistes marmoratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnapistes marmoratus (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

trachinoides, Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:401, Pl. 92 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4610 to 4611 (3), 0000-6643 (2) Jakarta; ?RMNH 708 (1), 28736 [or 28789] [ex RMNH 708] (1); ?SMF 497 [ex RMNH in 1829] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:7 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Vespicula trachinoides (Cuvier 1829) -- (Poss 1999:2352 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:277 [ref. 25636], Prokofiev 2008:306 [ref. 29592], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:65 [ref. 35264], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2015:29 [ref. 34319], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2018:80 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Trichosomus trachinoides (Cuvier 1929) -- (Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:81 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Trichosomus trachinoides (Cuvier 1829). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Myanmar east to Indonesia, north to northern Vietnam and southern China. Habitat: marine.

trimaculatus, Neocentropogon Chan [W. L.] 1966:635, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 95) (for Nov.-Dec. 1965); ref. 9023] South China Sea, about 85 miles southeast of Hong Kong, 21°01.6'N, 115°30.0'E, depth 66 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1965.11.6.3. •Valid as Neocentropogon trimaculatus Chan 1966 -- (Klausewitz 1985:21 [ref. 5806], Poss 1999:2321 [ref. 24796], Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Larson et al. 2013:84 [ref. 32988] dated 1965, Fricke et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35210]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon trimaculatus Chan 1966. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off western Australia. Habitat: marine.

troschelii, Centropogon Steindachner [F.] 1866:440 [17], Pl. 4 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 53; ref. 4210] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 12094 (1), 78424 (1). On p. 17 of separate. Did not appear in abstract, Steindachner 1864 [ref. 20460]. •Synonym of Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:445 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Synonym of Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860). Tetrarogidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

urostigma, Prosopodasys (Centropogon) Bleeker [P.] 1872:151 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Based on a painting. Tetrarogidae.

vespa, Ocosia Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:162, Fig. 17 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 40-50 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 50911. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7376 (1); USNM 51463 (1) 135658 [ex CAS-SU 7375] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:126 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:555 [ref. 31656]. See Poss & Eschmeyer for discussion of types; their "holotype" was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1757 [ref. 23416] but here (2 Oct. 2017) that is called the holotype. •Valid as Ocosia vespa Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1975:4 [ref. 6388], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:600 [ref. 25086], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Shinohara et al. 2001:314 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:600 [ref. 26001], Shao et al. 2008:246 [ref. 29952], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia vespa Jordan & Starks 1904. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

vespa, Paracentropogon Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:116 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] 14 miles southeast, off Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 13 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.2932. For remarks on holotype see Imamura & Hoese 2020:[8] [ref. 37793]. •Valid as Paracentropogon vespa Ogilby 1910 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Valid as Paracentropogon vespa Ogilby 1910. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

vestitus, Tetraroge De Vis [C. W.] 1884:446 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] South Seas. Holotype (unique): QM I.1597. •Synonym of Ablabys taenianotus (Cuvier 1829). •Synonym of Centropogon marmoratus Günther 1862 -- (Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:120 [ref. 36252]). Current status: Synonym of Centropogon marmoratus Günther 1862. Tetrarogidae. Habitat: marine.

yamanokami, Snyderina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1901:381, Pl. 20 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 3) v. 2 (nos 7-8); ref. 2523] Kagoshima, Kiusiu, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6433. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:126 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Snyderina yamanokami Jordan & Starks 1901 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:133 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:600 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:279 [ref. 25636], Nakabo 2002:600 [ref. 26001], Ogihara & Motomura 2012:143 [ref. 32409]). Current status: Valid as Snyderina yamanokami Jordan & Starks 1901. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zaspilota, Ocosia Poss [S. G.] & Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1975:9, Figs. 2E, 7 [Matsya No. 1; ref. 6388] Batangas, Balayan Bay, Luzon Island, Batangas, Philippines, depth 229-247 meters. Holotype: CAS 33069. Paratypes: CAS 33063 (1), 33320-21 (1, 1). •Valid as Ocosia zaspilota Poss & Eschmeyer 1975 -- (Poss 1999:2325 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:278 [ref. 25636], Fricke 2017:7 [ref. 35552]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia zaspilota Poss & Eschmeyer 1975. Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

zollingeri, Apistus Bleeker [P.] 1848:636 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 315] Bima, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH 5888 (1 or 2 of 2). Also in Bleeker 1849:8 [ref. 16881]. •Valid as Vespicula zollingeri (Bleeker 1848) -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796]). Current status: Valid as Vespicula zollingeri (Bleeker 1848). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zonatus, Prosopodasys Weber [M.] 1913:502, Pl. 10 (fig. 8) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Sarasa Island, Postillon Island, Siboga station 43, depth 36 meters; North Ubian, Sulu Archipelago, Siboga station 99, depth 16-23 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 110238-39 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:82 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Paracentropogon zonatus (Weber 1913) -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Allen & Erdmann 2012:248 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Paracentropogon zonatus (Weber 1913). Tetrarogidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia) and Philippines. Habitat: marine.