Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Zeidae: [ 16 ] records


argenteus, Parazenopsis Cligny [A.] 1909:874 [2] [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 148; ref. 850] Cape Juby, Morocco, depth 300 meters. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852) [sometimes as conchifera] -- (Wheeler 1973:349 [ref. 7190], Heemstra 1980:11 [ref. 14195], Karrer & Post 1990:632 [ref. 17313]). Current status: Synonym of Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852). Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Zeus Richardson [J.] 1845:36, 108, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH (skin) "not seen". •Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Heemstra 1980:8 [ref. 14195], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1986:772 [ref. 13676] with question, Paxton et al. 1989:389 [ref. 12442], Karrer & Post 1990:632 [ref. 17313], Paxton et al. 2006:800 [ref. 29077]). Current status: Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758. Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Zeus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:23 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN (lost). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:36-37 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Zeus capensis Valenciennes 1835 -- (Heemstra 1980:9 [ref. 14195], Heemstra 1986:437 [ref. 5660], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:150 [ref. 25472], Tyler et al. 2003:16 [ref. 26742], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:138 [ref. 28072], Heemstra 2016:2229 [ref. 34607]). Current status: Valid as Zeus capensis Valenciennes 1835. Zeidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean and southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

conchifer, Zeus Lowe [R. T.] 1852:247 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 5); ref. 2835] Off Madeira. Syntypes: BMNH 1857.6.13.184 (1, skin). The correct date is 1852 -- see literature cited. According to R. M. Bailey, pers. comm. Sept. 2003, the spelling conchifer as a noun in apposition is correct. •Valid as Zenopsis conchifer [often as conchifera] (Lowe 1852) -- (Wheeler 1973:349 [ref. 7190], Heemstra 1980:11 [ref. 14195], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1986:770 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:437 [ref. 5660], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:170 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:116 [ref. 23100] as conchifera, Scott & Scott 1988:329 [ref. 25518] as conchifera, McAllister 1990:132 [ref. 14674], Karrer & Post 1990:631 [ref. 17313], Cervigón 1991:256 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:92 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:456 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:150 [ref. 25472], Azevedo & Heemstra 1995:2 [ref. 22269], Santos et al. 1997:72 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:78 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1034 [ref. 23897], Uiblein et al. 1999:63 [ref. 24045], Moore & DeWitt in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:306 [ref. 26158] as conchifera, Tyler et al. 2003:16 [ref. 26742], Heemstra 2003:1211 [ref. 27043] as conchifera and date as 1850, Moore et al. 2003:221 [ref. 27076], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:70 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807] as conchifera, Nakabo et al. 2006:91 [ref. 28907], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32708], Heemstra 2016:2228 [ref. 34607], Nión et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35565], Sáez & Lamilla 2017:99 [ref. 36389], Fricke et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35805], Martins & Carneiro 2018:34 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:130 [ref. 37250], Iglésias et al. 2019:280 [ref. 37098], Kai & Tashiro 2019:350 [ref. 36459]). Current status: Valid as Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852). Zeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Record from Pacific may be based on misidentifications [ref. 34607]. Habitat: marine.

elevatus, Zeus Parkinson [S.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:250 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Not available, name mentioned in text. Zeidae.

faber, Zeus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:267 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Seas of Europe. Syntypes: LS 6 (left half-skin), NRM 4212 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:230-231 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1985:41 [ref. 20705]. •Valid as Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:349 [ref. 7190], Heemstra 1980:8 [ref. 14195], Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:118 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:451, 659 [ref. 8056], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1986:772 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:437 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:44 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:389 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:160 [ref. 24556], Karrer & Post 1990:632 [ref. 17313], James & Inada in Amaoka et al. 1990:218 [ref. 16024], Paulin & Roberts 1992:109 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:77 [ref. 23929], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:150 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:421 [ref. 22532], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:193 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:72 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:70 [ref. 23977], Arruda 1997:78 [ref. 24952], Kuiter 1997:66 [ref. 25488], Heemstra 1999:2259 [ref. 24791], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:507 [ref. 25086], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:26 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:312 [ref. 25995], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:507 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:228, 551 [ref. 26218], Tyler et al. 2003:16 [ref. 26742], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:137 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:30 [ref. 37112], Shinohara et al. 2005:423 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:800 [ref. 29077], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:73 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:68 [ref. 30517], Bray 2008:440 [ref. 30620], Fricke 2008:24 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:170 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:35 [ref. 36649], Jawad et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31711], Shinohara et al. 2011:41 [ref. 31715], Wirtz et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:74 [ref. 32988], Shinohara et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33547], Bray 2015:1028 [ref. 34280], Heemstra 2016:2230 [ref. 34607], Motomura et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35805], Jawad et al. 2018:102 [ref. 36262] as Z. faber s.l., Martins & Carneiro 2018:33 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:130 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626], Bariche & Fricke 2020:116 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:17 [ref. 37519], Sonoyama et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758. Zeidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic; Indo-West Pacific:, north to Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

figueirai, Zenopsis Berg [C.] 1895:43 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires v. 4; ref. 261] Southwestern Atlantic near Montevideo, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): MHNM CI 99. Type catalog: Olazarri et al. 1970:7 [ref. 23527], Loureiro et al. 2016:413 [ref. 35150]. •Synonym of Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852) -- (Heemstra 1980:11 [ref. 14195]). Current status: Synonym of Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852). Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosa, Zenopsis Kai [Y.] & Tashiro [F.] 2019:341, Figs. 1a, 2a, 3a [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 3); ref. 36459] Tosa Bay, off Okitsu, Kochi, Japan, circa 33.1°N, 133.3°E, depth 280 meters. Holotype: FAKU 140878. Paratypes: BSKU, FAKU, HUMZ, KAUM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Zenopsis filamentosa Kai & Tashiro 2019. Current status: Valid as Zenopsis filamentosa Kai & Tashiro 2019. Zeidae. Distribution: North-west Pacific: southern Japan (off Mie and Tosa Bay), Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Fiji and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Zeus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:24 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Japan. Based on 2 drawings. •Valid as Zeus japonicus Valenciennes 1835 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:42 [ref. 19754], Chen et al. 1997:32 [ref. 26476] with author and date as Linnaeus 1758). •Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Heemstra 1980:7 [ref. 14195], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1986:772 [ref. 13676] with question, Gomon et al. 1994:422 [ref. 22532], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122], Parin et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758. Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

mauritanicus, Zeus faber natio Desbrosses [P.] 1937:379, Fig. 3 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 17136] Morocco; Senegal; Guinea. Syntypes: (orig. 295) MNHN 1937-0256 (1), 20°21'N, 17°50'W, cap Blanc. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:27 [ref. 20740]. Described as a natio and as a race, although cited throughout text as Zeus faber mauritanicus. Treated as a subspecies by later authors. •Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Heemstra 1980:8 [ref. 14195], Karrer & Post 1990:633 [ref. 17313]). Current status: Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758. Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Zeus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:123, Pl. 66 [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki, Japan, northwestern Pacific. Lectotype: RMNH 816 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D814-815 (2, stuffed), 1429 (2, dry), D2326 (1, stuffed), D2361 (1, stuffed); ZMB 1660 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:109 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Zenopsis nebulosa (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) [often seen as nebulosus] -- (Ida in Okamura et al. 1982:217, 372 [ref. 8256], Kyushin et al. 1982:43 [ref. 19754], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:127 [ref. 9277], Sheiko 1983:18 [ref. 37041] as nebulosus, Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:118 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:451, 659 [ref. 8056], Allen & Swainston 1988:44 [ref. 25477] as nebulosus, Paxton et al. 1989:389 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:54 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:160 [ref. 24556] as nebulosus, James & Inada in Amaoka et al. 1990:217 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:420 [ref. 22532], Allen 1997:70 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:32 [ref. 26476] dated 1846, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Heemstra 1999:2259 [ref. 24791], Nakabo 2000:507 [ref. 25086], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122] as nebulosus, Hutchins 2001:26 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:312 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:507 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:228, 551 [ref. 26218], Tyler et al. 2003:16 [ref. 26742], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2005:423 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:315 [ref. 28379], Nakabo et al. 2006:91 [ref. 28907], Paxton et al. 2006:800 [ref. 29077], Bray 2008:439 [ref. 30620], Fricke et al. 2011:374 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2011:41 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:74 [ref. 32988], Shinohara et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33547], Bray 2015:1027 [ref. 34280], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:111 [ref. 36167], Kells et al. 2016:122 [ref. 35888], Sáez & Lamilla 2017:99 [ref. 36389], Burton & Lea 2019:56 [ref. 37205], Fricke et al. 2019:88 [ref. 36673], Kai & Tashiro 2019:347 [ref. 36459], Kim & Milovankin 2019:149 [ref. 36854], Psomadakis et al. 2020:355 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Zenopsis nebulosa (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Zeidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar; Pacific, antitropical: Japan and Russia; southern Australia, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia), New Zealand region; Hawaiian Islands; California (U.S.A.); Chile. Habitat: marine.

oblongus, Zenopsis Parin [N. V.] 1989:150, Fig. [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 68 (no. 4); ref. 14116] Nazca Ridge, eastern Pacific, 25°39'S, 85°37'W, depth 210 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47739. Paratypes: USNM 285048 (1); ZIN 47740 (3), 47751 (1), 48052 (1); ZMMU P-17078-79 (1, 1, apparently not received), P-17081 (1), uncat. (1). Zenopsis is feminine, so the species should be oblonga. •Valid as Zenopsis oblongus Parin 1989 -- (Tyler et al. 2003:16 [ref. 26742]). •Valid as Zenopsis oblonga Parin 1989 -- (Nakabo et al. 2006:91 [ref. 28907], Sáez & Lamilla 2017:99 [ref. 36389], Kai & Tashiro 2019:350 [ref. 36459]). Current status: Valid as Zenopsis oblonga Parin 1989. Zeidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Zeus Storer [D. H.] 1857:386 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 6 (1856-1859); ref. 18848] Off Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ [ex BSNM 40] (discarded 1932). •Synonym of Zenopsis conchifer [sometimes as conchifera] (Lowe 1852) -- (Heemstra 1980:11 [ref. 14195], Karrer & Post 1990:631 [ref. 17313], Cervigón 1991:257 [ref. 24472], Heemstra 2003:1211 [ref. 27043], Heemstra 2016:2228 [ref. 34607]). Current status: Synonym of Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852). Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

pungio, Zeus Cuvier [G.] 1829:211 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Corsica, France, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN A-6860. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:28 [ref. 20740] dated to 1835. Available with brief description and reference to "Rondel., 328." Also appeared in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:25, Pl. 280 [ref. 1004]. •Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:349 [ref. 7190], Heemstra 1980:8 [ref. 14195], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1986:772 [ref. 13676], Karrer & Post 1990:632 [ref. 17313], Gomon et al. 1994:422 [ref. 22532], Parin et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Zeus faber Linnaeus 1758. Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

scopus, Zenopsis Waite [E. R.] 1903:30, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 15049] Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS I.5397. •Mentioned -- (Kai & Tashiro 2019:346 [ref. 36459]). Current status: Uncertain as Zenopsis scopus Waite 1903. Zeidae. Habitat: marine.

stabilispinosa, Zenopsis Nakabo [T.], Bray [D. J.] & Yamada [U.] 2006:91, Figs. 1, 2A-B, 3A, 4 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28907] South China Sea, 19°45.0'N, 114°04.0'E, depth 457-467 meters. Holotype: FAKU 64803. Paratypes: AMS I.22826-004 (1), I.31146-001 (2), I.31147-002 (3); ASIZ P.0057609 (1), P0060011 (1); FAKU 6484 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:39 [ref. 31432] •Valid as Zenopsis stabilispinosa Nakabo, Bray & Yamada 2006 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:39 [ref. 31432], Kai & Tashiro 2019:351 [ref. 36459]). Current status: Valid as Zenopsis stabilispinosa Nakabo, Bray & Yamada 2006. Zeidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South China Sea and western Australia. Habitat: marine.