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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Ariosoma: [ 60 ] records


acus, Atopichthys Garman [S.] 1899:332, Pl. 66 (figs. 5-5a) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Colombia, 4°56'N, 80°52'30"W, Albatross station 3381, depth 1772 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28425. •Synonym of Ariosoma gilberti (Ogilby 1898) -- (Raju 1985:3 [ref. 5287]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma gilberti (Ogilby 1898). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

acuta, Ophisoma Swainson [W.] 1839:396 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454], Zhang et al. 2010:193 [ref. 31511] with year as 1838). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Leptocephalus Facciolà [L.] 1883:4, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali. Memorié v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 17476] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also in Facciolà 1883:147 [ref. 1289]; earliest not researched. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

anago, Conger Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:259, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3682b. Paralectotypes: RMNH D2022 (1, dry), 3676a-c (3), 3682a (1), 3682c-d (2). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:187 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Anago anago (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:27 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:91, 317 [ref. 8057], Lee & Joo 1999:27 [ref. 25724], Shinohara et al. 2001:294 [ref. 25995], Youn 2002:145, 493 [ref. 26218], Zhang et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31511]). •Valid as Ariosoma anago (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:139 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:273 [ref. 24014], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:170 [ref. 27969], Shen [S.-C.] 1998:8 [ref. 23445], Johnson 1999:722 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:228 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:228 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:18 [ref. 27712], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:138 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:288 [ref. 28997], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2017:35 [ref. 35490], Karmovskaya 2018:405 [457] [ref. 36153], Smith et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma anago (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Vietnam east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

anagoides, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1853:76 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 5); ref. 339] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.299 (1), E. Indian Arch. Original as anagoïdes. Also appeared in Bleeker 1854:112 [ref. 16924]. •Valid as Ariosoma anagoides (Bleeker 1853) (often seen as 1854) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:27 [ref. 6441], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Shen 1998:9 [ref. 23445], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:2 [ref. 24339], Smith 1999:1686 [ref. 24661], Lee & Joo 1999:27 [ref. 25724], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:294 [ref. 25995], Youn 2002:145, 493 [ref. 26218], Mundy 2005:139 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:288 [ref. 28997], Zhang et al. 2010:193 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Allen & Erdmann 2012:112 [ref. 31980], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma anagoides (Bleeker 1853). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines to Japan. Habitat: marine.

analis, Conger Poey [F.] 1860:318 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 9325. Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35195]. •Valid as Ariosoma anale (Poey 1860) -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:109 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:57 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:502 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:731 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:156 [ref. 13454], Cervigón 1991:00 [ref. 24472] as analis, Cervigón 1992:302 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:749 [ref. 26989], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], Smith 2016:1690 [ref. 34556], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35195]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma anale (Poey 1860). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Eastern and western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

auratus, Conger Costa [O. G.] 1844:Conger p. 6, Pl. 29 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

balearica, Muraena Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:327 [41], Pl. 20 (fig. 3) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza Island, Balearic Islands, Spain, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8434. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:115 [ref. 20810]. On p. 41 and Pl. 1 of separate. •Valid as Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Dor 1984:32 [ref. 29757], Bauchot & Saldanha in Whitehead et al. 1986:568 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:57 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:82 [ref. 25518], Smith 1989:495, 726 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:49 [ref. 14674], Smith 1990:156 [ref. 13454], Cervigón 1991:66 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:37 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:302 [ref. 23827], Goren & Dor 1994:8 [ref. 25356], Santos et al. 1997:22 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:57 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:294 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:141 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:33 [ref. 26753], Collette et al. 2003:99 [ref. 26784], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:749 [ref. 26989], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807], Fricke et al. 2007:24 [ref. 29533], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:19 [ref. 36649], Bañón et al. 2011:262 [ref. 31676], Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:25 [ref. 33341], Smith 2016:1686 [ref. 34556], Nión et al. 2016:25 [ref. 35565], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Angola, including Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

bauchotae, Ariosoma Karrer [C.] 1983:11, Figs. 2 A-B [Faune Tropicale v. 23 (for 1982); ref. 5679] Northwest of Madagascar, 12°41.3'S, 48°16'E, depth 308-314 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0030. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0031 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:113 [ref. 20810]. •Valid as Ariosoma bauchotae Karrer 1983 -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285] dated 1982, Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma bauchotae Karrer 1983. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: off western Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

bowersi, Congrellus Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:422, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50689. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23314 (5), USNM 126007 [ex USBF 1174] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:6-7 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Ariosoma marginatum (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Mundy 2005:139 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:55 [ref. 30952]). •Valid as Arisoma bowersi (Jenkins 1903). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma bowersi (Jenkins 1903). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll, Cross Seamount and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

brevicaudus, Leptocephalus (Diaphanichthys) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:399 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Masbate, northern Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: ZMB 5405 (7). Also appeared as new in Peters 1865:48 [ref. 18544]. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

cassini, Muraena Risso [A.] 1810:91 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Risso specimens: ZMB 3975 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:130 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Congermuraena Garman [S.] 1899:305 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Pacific Panama, 7°09'45"N, 80°50'00"W, Albatross station 3354, depth 322 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28460 (1); USNM 57898 (1), 153600 [ex MCZ 28460] (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:6 [ref. 21917]. Ophisoma is a synonym of Ariosoma Swainson 1838, so we place the species in Ariosoma for now. •Synonym of "Ophisoma" prorigerum Gilbert 1891 -- (Smith 1994:6 [ref. 21917]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma prorigerum (Gilbert 1891). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

cingulus, Atopichthys Garman [S.] 1899:334, Pl. 67 (figs. 2-2a) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Eastern Pacific, 7°09'45"N, 80°50'W, Albatross station 3354, depth surface over 322 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28423. •Synonym of Ariosoma gilberti (Ogilby 1898) -- (Raju 1985:3 [ref. 5287]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma gilberti (Ogilby 1898). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

ciuciara, Echelus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:65, Pl. 15 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:42 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

coquettei, Ariosoma Smith [D. G.] & Kanazawa [R. H.] 1977:533, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 4036] Off French Guiana, 7°10'N, 53°36'W, Pilsbury station 658, depth 69-74 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 134203. Paratypes: RMNH 27391 (2), 27428 (2); USNM 158917 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:64 [ref. 13621], Smith 1994:5 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Ariosoma coquettei Smith & Kanazawa 1977 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:110 [ref. 14275], Smith 1989:501 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:733 [ref. 13285], Cervigón 1992:302 [ref. 23827], Smith 2003:749 [ref. 26989]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma coquettei Smith & Kanazawa 1977. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dentex, Leptocephalus Collett [R.] 1896:153 [Poissons provenant des campagnes du Yacht "L'Hirondelle" (1885-1888) Fasc. 10; ref. 890] North Atlantic. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Leptocephalus dentex Cantor 1849. •Questionably a synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:496 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

diaphanus, Helmichthys Costa [O. G.] 1844:Helmichthys p. 2, Pl. 31 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Published 12 Mar 1844. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

dolichopterum, Ariosoma Karmovskaya [E. S.] 2015:719 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 6); ref. 34150] Coastal waters of Central Vietnam. Need text. •Valid as Ariosoma dolichopterum Karmovskaya 2015 -- (Smith et al. 2018:89 [ref. 36040], Ho et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36050]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma dolichopterum Karmovskaya 2015. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: South China Sea: Vietnam to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

eckmani, Leptocephalus Strömman [P. H.] 1896:16, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Leptocephalids in the University Zoological Museum at Upsala; ref. 4294] Central North Atlantic, between Europe the U.S.A. Lectotype: ZMUU 450i. Paralectotypes: (many) ZMUU 692a-o (450). Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133]. Lectotype selected by Bertin 1936:2 [ref. 20693]. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:495, 726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

emmae, Ariosoma Smith [D. G.] & Ho [H.-C.] in Smith, Ho, Huang & Chang 2018:90, Figs. 1, 3C, 5 [Zootaxa 4454 (no. 1); ref. 36040] Off Ke-tsu-liao, Kaohsiung, southwestern Taiwan, north tip of South China Sea. Holotype: NMMBP 26428. Paratypes: NMMBP, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Ariosoma emmae Smith & Ho 2018 -- (Ho et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36050]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma emmae Smith & Ho 2018. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Poeciloconger Günther [A.] 1872:673, Pl. 68 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.20.63. •Valid as Poeciloconger fasciatus Günther 1872 -- (Castle 1990:123 [ref. 15487], Myers 1999:58 [ref. 23965], Smith 1999:1686 [ref. 24661], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ariosoma fasciatus (Günther 1872) -- (Shen 1998:107 [ref. 24932], Mundy 2005:139 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Ariosoma fasciatum (Günther 1872) -- (Randall 2005:27 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:54 [ref. 30952], Ho & Shao 2011: 23 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:113 [ref. 31980] as fasciatus, Ho et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34116], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130], Smith et al. 2018:94 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma fasciatum (Günther 1872). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, Indonesia, east to Hawaiian and Society islands, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

fijiensis, Congrellus Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:290 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 3); ref. 3276] Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): MAMU. •Tentatively a synonym of Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Uncertain as Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

flavirostris, Leptocephalus Snyder [J. O.] 1908:93 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62230. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21100 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:9 [ref. 21917]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:549 [ref. 31656]. •Status uncertain -- (Smith 1994:9 [ref. 21917]). •Synonym of Ariosoma anago (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Smith et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma anago (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Congrellus Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:288 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 3); ref. 3276] (Pacific) Panama, 8°06'30"N, 78°51'00"W, Albatross station 2797, depth 33 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 44293. Paralectotypes: USNM 30930 (1), 125091 (2). Type catalog: Smith 1994:7 [ref. 21917]. Based on Ophisoma balearicum of Gilbert 1891:349 [ref. 1625]. Lectotype selected by Rosenblatt 1958:52 [ref. 21918]. •Valid as Ariosoma gilberti (Ogilby 1898) -- (Raju 1985:3 [ref. 5287], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Allen & Robertson 1994:57 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:38 [ref. 23101], Smith in Fischer et al. 1995:1032 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:178 [ref. 24023], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807], Smith in McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:143 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:442 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma gilberti (Ogilby 1898). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands, Mexico and Panama. Habitat: marine.

gnanadossi, Ariosoma Talwar [P. K.] & Mukherjee [P.] 1977:432, Fig. 1 [Indian Journal of Animal Sciences v. 47 (no. 7); ref. 27708] Off Madras, India, depth 250 meters. Holotype (unique): ZSI F.7146/2. See Das 2003:350 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Ariosoma gnanadossi Talwar & Mukherjee 1977 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2015:148 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma gnanadossi Talwar & Mukherjee 1977. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Pakistan and India. Habitat: marine.

hemiaspidus, Thyreoconger Wade [C. B.] 1946:189, Pl. 25 (figs. 1-3) [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 7); ref. 4542] North of Point Lobos, Gulf of California, 29°55'N, 112°46'50"W, Sonora, Mexico, depth 10 fathoms. Holotype: LACM 21717 [ex AHF 461]. Paratypes: LACM 21549 [ex AHF 299] (1), 21551 [ex AHF 310] (1). •Valid as Ariosoma hemiaspidus (Wade 1946) -- (Smith in McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma hemiaspidus (Wade 1946). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Mexico. Habitat: marine.

howensis, Congermuraena McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1916:438, Pl. 40 (fig. 2) [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 40; ref. 15058] Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: AMS A.12281 (1), I.13691 (1), I.13893 (1). •Synonym of Ariosoma mauritianum (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Ariosoma howensis (McCulloch & Waite 1916) -- (Karmovskaya 2004:S2 [ref. 28053], Hoese & Gates 2006:288 [ref. 28997], Smith & Stewart 2015:272 [ref. 34234]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma howensis (McCulloch & Waite 1916). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

impressus, Conger Poey [F.] 1860:318 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454], Cervigón 1991:67 [ref. 24472]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

inornatus, Leptocephalus Facciolà [L.] 1883:5, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali. Memorié v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 17476] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

kapala, Poeciloconger Castle [P. H. J.] 1990:121, Figs. 1A-C, 2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 42 (no. 2) [1988]; ref. 15487] Off Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia, 32°41'S, 152°16'E to 32°44'S, 152°15'E, depth 46-64 meters. Holotype: AMS I.25923-005. •Valid as Poeciloconger kapala Castle 1990 -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:296 [ref. 28997], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:108 [ref. 36167]). •Valid as Ariosoma kapala (Castle 1990) -- (Smith et al. 2018:96 [ref. 36040]), Current status: Valid as Ariosoma kapala (Castle 1990). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: southeastern Australia, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

macrenteron, Leptocephalus D'Ancona [U.] 1928:32, Pl. 2 (figs. 10-11a) [Memoria, Reale Comitato Talassografico Italiano No. 146; ref. 15917] Red Sea. Syntypes: (2) MSNVE P-2 (1). •Questionably a senior synonym of Ariosoma somaliense Kotthaus 1968 -- (Castle 1975:21 [ref. 25984]). •Synonym of Ariosoma mauritianum (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Dor 1984:33 [ref. 29757], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma mauritianum (Pappenheim 1914). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

major, Alloconger shiroanago Asano [H.] 1958:191 [English p. 195], Fig. 1 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 67 (no. 7); ref. 12045] Off Shibushi, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 23355. Paratypes: FAKU 1118 (1), 12143 (1), 23353-54 (2), 23356-60 (5), 25278-79 (1, 1), 25281 (1), 26916 (1). The neuter form is majus agreeing with Ariosoma. •Probably a synonym of Ariosoma anago (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). •Synonym of Ariosoma shiroanago (Asano 1958), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:27 [ref. 6441], Shimizu & Hatooka 1997:2 [ref. 24377], Shen 1998:10 [ref. 23445], Nakabo 2000:228 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Ariosoma major (Asano 1958) -- (Lee & Joo 1999:23 [ref. 25724], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:228 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:145, 493 [ref. 26218], Zhang et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31511], Shinohara et al. 2014:236 [ref. 33330], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35490]). •Valid as Ariosoma majus (Asano 1958) -- (Smith et al. 2018:95 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma majus (Asano 1958). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Vietnam, Philippines and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Congrogadus Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:282 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9012 (1), 0000-9013 (8). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:38 [ref. 20734], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:86 [ref. 12478], Bauchot et al. 1993:114-115 [ref. 20810] but as holotype and paratypes. Ariosoma is neuter, so the correct combination is apparently Ariosoma marginatum. Preoccupied by Leptocephalus marginatus Kaup 1856 when placed in Ariosoma (by Bertin 1935, ref. 21550) -- David Smith pers. email 3 Jan. 2017. •Valid as Ariosoma marginatus (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Bauchot et al. 1993:114 [ref. 20810]). •Valid as Ariosoma marginatum (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Mundy 2005:139 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:55 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym of Ariosoma bowersi (Jenkins 1903). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma bowersi (Jenkins 1903). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll, Cross Seamount and Hawaiian Islands [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Leptocephalus Kaup [J. J.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) 1856:152, Pl. 19 (fig. 19) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Atlantic and Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2630 (1) Pondicherry, 0000-3412 (1) Atlantic, B-3164 (1) Atlantic. Type catalog: Bertin 1935:102-104 [ref. 21550], Bauchot et al. 1993:121 [ref. 20810]. •Atlantic specimens are Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495, 726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

mauritianus, Leptocephalus Pappenheim [P.] 1914:189, Fig. 8, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 v. 15 (Zoologie v. 7); ref. 3361] South of Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ZMB 19339 (poor condition). •Valid as Ariosoma mauritianum (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Castle 1975:21 [ref. 25984], Dor 1984:32 [ref. 29757], Castle 1986:162 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:140 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Klausewitz 1994:464 [ref. 23564], Goren & Dor 1994:8 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:68 [ref. 24106], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:289 [ref. 28997], Fricke et al. 2009:20 [ref. 30213], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma mauritianum (Pappenheim 1914). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Solomon Islands, south to Western Australia at 32°S, New South Wales (Australia) at 33°33'S and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

meeki, Congrellus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:347, Pl. 11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Tokyo Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 49397. Type catalog: Smith 1994:7 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Ariosoma meeki (Jordan & Snyder 1900) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Nakabo 2000:227 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:227 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2014:236 [ref. 33330], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130], Yeo & Kim 2016:121 [ref. 36303], Motomura et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35490], Hibino in Kimura et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36460], Karmovskaya 2018:409 [461] [ref. 36153], Smith et al. 2018:98 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma meeki (Jordan & Snyder 1900). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Vietnam east to Philippines, north to southern Korea and Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia), and Oshen Island (Melanesian Basin). Habitat: marine.

megalops, Ariosoma Fowler [H. W.] 1938:12, Fig. 1 [Hong Kong Naturalist No. 6, Suppl.; ref. 17760] Macao. Holotype: ANSP 68287. Paratypes: ANSP 68288 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:65 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Ariosoma megalops Fowler 1938 -- (Smith 1999:1686 [ref. 24661], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Karmovskaya 2018:413 [465] [ref. 36153], Smith et al. 2018:101 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma megalops Fowler 1938. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Eastrn Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Vietnam east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

mellissii, Congromuraena Günther [A.] 1870:42 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] St. Helena Island, South Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.10.8.50. Previously appeared as name only in Günther 1869:239 [ref. 13284]. •Valid as Ariosoma mellissi (Günther 1870) -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:628 [ref. 9166], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:158 [ref. 13454], Smith 2016:1690 [ref. 34556]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma mellissii (Günther 1870). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena endemic. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Leptocephalus Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1928:58, Fig. [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 15836] Port-au-Prince Bay, Haiti, West Indies, surface nightlight. Holotype (unique): USNM 170906 [ex NYZS 7080]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648], Smith 1994:9 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:496 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). •Status uncertain -- (Smith 1994:9 [ref. 21917], probably not Ariosoma). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

minor, Ariosoma Howell Rivero [L.] 1934:339, Fig. 1 [Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural v. 8 (no. 6); ref. 3767] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33452. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:496 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

multivertebratum, Ariosoma Karmovskaya [E. S.] 2004:S5, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 44 (suppl. 1); ref. 28053] Eiao Island, Marquesas Islands, 7°51'S, 140°30'W, depth 416-460 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-0921. Paratypes: MNHN 2000-0919 (4), 2000-0920 (1), 2002-3731 (1), 2000-4581 (1). •Valid as Ariosoma multivertebratum Karmovskaya 2004 -- (Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma multivertebratum Karmovskaya 2004. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

nancyae, Ariosoma Shen [S.-C.] 1998:10, Figs. 3A, 3B, 5C, 6C [Zoological Studies v. 37 (no. 1); ref. 23445] Nanfangao fish market, northeastern coast of Taiwan. Holotype: NTUM 07871. Paratypes: ASIZT 058529 (2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:23 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Ariosoma fasciatum (Günther 1872) -- (Randall 2005:27 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:54 [ref. 30952], Ho & Shao 2011:23 [ref. 31432], Ho et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34116], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130], Smith et al. 2018:94 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma fasciatum (Günther 1872). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

neoguinaicus, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1859:22 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 6 (art. 2); ref. 14003] Doreh Bay [Doreh], off Manokwari, West Papua, Indonesia, New Guinea, ca. 0°53'25''S 134°05'29''E. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.324 (1) New Guinea. •Tentatively a synonym of Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Uncertain as Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

nigrimanus, Ariosoma Norman [J. R.] 1939:39, Fig. 12 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] Gulf of Aden, station 194, depth 220 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1939.5.24.621-622 (300-mm spec.). Paratypes: BMNH 1939.5.24.621-623 (1 of 2). Correct spelling when in Ariosoma not yet resolved. •Valid as Ariosoma nigrimanus Norman 1939 -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Ariosoma nigrimanum Norman 1939 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma nigrimanum Norman 1939. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

nuttalli, Atopichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1912:11, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 64; ref. 1385] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): ANSP 1042. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:120 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Ariosoma marginatum (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Mundy 2005:139 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:55 [ref. 30952] with question). •Synonym of Arisoma bowersi (Jenkins 1903). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma bowersi (Jenkins 1903). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

obud, Ariosoma Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1923:144, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 2117] Marinduque Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). •Valid as Ariosoma obud Herre 1923 -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma obud Herre 1923. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

ophidiophthalmus, Ariosoma Karmovskaya [E. S.] 1991:891 [2], Fig. 2a [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 31 (no. 6); ref. 19225] Western Indian Ocean, 10°30'S, 61°10'E, depth 115-110 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49768. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18472 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25714]. On p. 2 of English translation. •Valid as Ariosoma ophidiophthalmus Karmovskaya 1991. Current status: Valid as Ariosoma ophidiophthalmus Karmovskaya 1991. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

opistophthalmus, Conger Ranzani [C.] 1839:78 [14], Pl. 12 (figs. 1a-c) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 4 [1840]; ref. 18606] Brazilian Seas [original] or Mediterranean. Holotype (unique): MZUB 989. Appeared first without description as Conger opistophtalmus as Ranzani in Alessandrini 1838:433 [ref. 25852]. Dates to publication in a separate, on p. 14 and Pl. 5 in 1839; journal version in 1840. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185] with locality as Mediterranean). •Valid as Conger opistophthalmus Ranzani 1839 -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Ariosoma opisthophthalmum (Ranzani 1839) -- (Andreata & Séret 1996:582 [ref. 16204] as opisthophtalma and dated 1838, Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192] as opistophthalmus and dated 1840, Figueroa & Ehrlich 2006:228 [ref. 29812] dated 1840, Pinheiro et al. 2015:7 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma opistophthalmum (Ranzani 1839). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, eastern Atlantic (?). Habitat: marine.

rex, Leptocephalus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Kennedy [C. H.] 1902:86, Figs. 3, 3a-b [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 21 (1901); ref. 11071] New Providence Island, Bahamas, western Atlantic. Holotype (unique): USNM 49764. Non-types: USNM 49765 (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:9 [ref. 21917]. Specimen from San Salvador not definitely referred to species ("may represent a later phase of the species called amphioxus") so remaining specimen is holotype. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:496 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

sanzoi, Leptocephalus D'Ancona [U.] 1928:27, Pl. 2 (figs. 5-9a) [Memoria, Reale Comitato Talassografico Italiano No. 146; ref. 15917] Red Sea. Syntypes: (7). •Synonym of Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896) -- (Dor 1984:33 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Ariosoma sanzoi (D'Ancona 1928) -- (Golani & Lerner 2007:258 [ref. 30649], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma sanzoi (D'Ancona 1928). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

sazonovi, Ariosoma Karmovskaya [E. S.] 2004:S7, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 44 (suppl. 1); ref. 28053] Philippines, 13°08'N, 122°39'E, depth 440 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1998-0647. Paratypes: MNHN 1984-0627 (1), 1998-0642 (2), 1998-0646 (1). •Valid as Ariosoma sazonovi Karmovskaya 2004. Current status: Valid as Ariosoma sazonovi Karmovskaya 2004. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

scheelei, Leptocephalus Strömman [P. H.] 1896:21, Pl. 1 (figs. 6-7) [Leptocephalids in the University Zoological Museum at Upsala; ref. 4294] Malay Archipelago and western Atlantic. Syntypes: (5) ZMUU 693a-d (4?). Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133]. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185] in part, Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). •Valid as Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896) -- (Dor 1984:33 [ref. 29757], Castle 1975:20 [ref. 25984], Castle 1986:162 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:140 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Goren & Dor 1994:8 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:58 [ref. 23965], Smith 1999:1686 [ref. 24661], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gates 2006:289 [ref. 28997], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Allen & Erdmann 2012:113 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:23 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:49 [ref. 35805], Smith et al. 2018:103 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma scheelei (Strömman 1896). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands, Philippines and Samoa, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

selenops, Ariosoma Reid [E. D.] 1934:4, Fig. 1 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 91 (no. 15); ref. 16454] North of Tabago Island, Virgin Islands, 18°40'30"N, 64°50'00"W to 18°45'40"N, 64°48'00"W, Caroline station 101, depth 190-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93310. Paratypes: USNM 93311-12 (1, 1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:5 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Ariosoma selenops Reid 1934 -- (Smith 1989:499 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:730 [ref. 13285], Boschung 1992:37 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:302 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:295 [ref. 23897], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:749 [ref. 26989]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma selenops Reid 1934. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sereti, Ariosoma Karmovskaya [E. S.] 2004:S5, Fig. 2 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 44 (suppl. 1); ref. 28053] Hiva Oa Island, Marquesas Islands, 9°41'S, 139°03'W. Holotype: MNHN 2000-0917. Paratypes: MNHN 2000-0918 (4). •Valid as Ariosoma sereti Karmovskaya 2004. Current status: Valid as Ariosoma sereti Karmovskaya 2004. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

shiroanago, Alloconger shiroanago Asano [H.] 1958:193 [English p. 195], Fig. 2 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 67 (no. 7); ref. 12045] Off Owashi, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 19016. Paratypes: FAKU 1117 (1), 1119 (1), 2076-77 (2), 2111 (1), 20599 (1), 21312 (1), 21710-11 (2), 23551 (1), 25156-68 (13), 25275-76 (2), 26915 (1). Described originally with a second subspecies; types of A. s. shiroanago are regarded as the types for the species A. shiroanago Asano. •Valid as Ariosoma shiroanago (Asano 1958), subspecies shiroanago -- (Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:93, 319 [ref. 8057], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:27 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:228 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:294 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:228 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Ariosoma shiroanago (Asano 1958) -- (Smith 1989:495 [ref. 13285], Lee & Joo 1999:24 [ref. 25724], Youn 2002:145, 493 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2014:236 [ref. 33330], Ho et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34130], Smith et al. 2018:103 [ref. 36040]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma shiroanago (Asano 1958). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

sokotranum, Ariosoma Karmovskaya [E. S.] 1991:893 [4], Fig. 2b [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 31 (no. 6); ref. 19225] Western Indian Ocean, 12°14'N, 53°06'E, depth 420-395 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49769. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18473 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25714]. On p. 4 of English translation. •Valid as Ariosoma sokotranum Karmovskaya 1991 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Ariosoma sokotranum Karmovskaya 1991. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

somaliense, Ariosoma Kotthaus [A.] 1968:27, Figs. 121-122 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 3; ref. 2669] Off Mogadiscio, Indian Ocean, 3°25'N, 47°14.8'E to 3°23.8'N, 47°14'E, depth 38-37 meters. Holotype: ZMH 4953 [ex IOES 52a]. Paratypes: ZMH [ex IOES 52b-m] (11). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161] but only holotype. •Valid as Ariosoma somaliense Kotthaus 1968 -- (Castle 1975:21 [ref. 25984]). •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:496 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:158 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

spinocadux, Leptocephalus Lea [E.] 1913:22, Fig. 16; Pl. 3 (no. 4) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 3 (pt 1, no. 7); ref. 14158] North Atlantic, 40°17'N, 50°39'W, station 67, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUB 5090. Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:147 [ref. 21547]. •Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Smith 1989:726 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809). Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.

taenia, Leptocephalus Kaup [J. J.] 1856:151, Pl. 19 (fig. 18) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] India; Maldives; Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia; vicinity of Marianes Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3417 (1), 3419 (3) Waigiou, 0000-3420 (1) Maldives; not MNHN 0000-3413 (5). Type catalog: Bertin 1935:104-106 [ref. 21550], Bauchot et al. 1993:122 [ref. 20810]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Leptocephalus taenia Lesson 1831. Also secondarily preoccupied by Heteroconger taenia Lesson 1830. •Atlantic specimens are Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:241 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:495, 726 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:157 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Ariosoma. Congridae: Bathymyrinae. Habitat: marine.