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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Diaphus: [ 122 ] records


adenomus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:592, Pl. 68 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Kaiwi Channel, between Oahu Island and Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4106, depth 335-350 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51588. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8559 (1); USNM 51515 (1), 51588 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:442 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:406 [ref. 15273], Becker 1992:5 [ref. 20772], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:629 [ref. 23897], Nakabo 2000:392 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:392 [ref. 26001], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:213 [ref. 28379], Hulley 2016:1885 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic; Pacific, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

aeolochrus, Myctophum (Diaphus) Barnard [K. H.] 1927:1021 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 194] About 60 miles west south-west of Table Bay, South Africa, depth 200 fathoms depth (stomach content). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.7.6.3 [ex SAM]. •Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672] as aelochrus, Hulley 1990:410 [ref. 15273] as aelochrus). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

agassizii, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:226, Pl. 2 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nuka Hiva Island, Marquesas Islands, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75764. Paratypes: CAS-SU 20388 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Questionably valid as Diaphus agassizii Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). •Valid as Diaphus agassizii Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus agassizii Gilbert 1908. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aliciae, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:295, Fig. 53 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Bohol and Leyte islands, Philippines, Albatross station D.5233. Holotype: USNM 92316. Paratypes: (2) USNM 122349 (2). •Valid as Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:289 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:202 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

altifrons, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:11, Fig. 4 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 10°06'S, 187°[sic]23'W, depth 1000-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36107. Paratypes: (1, 1, 3). •Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

anderseni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:134, Fig. 6 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Southwest of Fiji Islands [South Pacific], 20°00'S, 174°29'E, depth about 200 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329194. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus anderseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:289 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:407 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:512 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:638 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1886 [ref. 34576], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus anderseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

antelucens, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:13 [6], Fig. 5 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 12°55'N, 154°04'E, depth 6000-0 meters over 6300 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36105. Paratypes: (1). On p. 6 of English translation. •Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

anteorbitalis, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:92, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Off Shiwo Misako, Japan, 33°24'50"N, 135°38'40"E, Albatross station 4968, depth 253 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74471. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22434 (1), USNM 74502 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:406 [ref. 15273], Becker 1992:5 [ref. 20772]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus adenomus Gilbert 1905. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

antonbruuni, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:25, Fig. 22 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 7°56'S, 65°14'E, depth to 504 meters. Holotype: LACM 31389-16. Paratypes: LACM 31389-7 and -8 (1, 1); USNM 216997 (2), ZMUC P2334920-21 (2). •Valid as Diaphus antonbruuni Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:289 [ref. 5672], Fricke et al. 2018:75 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus antonbruuni Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

arabicus, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:77, Fig. 76 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Arabian Sea, 17°46'N, 65°02'E, depth 0-468 meters. Holotype: LACM 31334-6. Paratypes: LACM 31334-7 (1), 31334-8 to 10 (3), 31335-4 to 8 (5); USNM 217000 (4), ZMUC P2334922-23 (2). •Valid as Diaphus arabicus Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus arabicus Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ashmeadi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:311, Fig. 66 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5291, 13°29'40"N, 121°00'45"E, depth 173 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93161. •Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440] with question, Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

astridae, Diaphus Giltay [L.] 1929:29, Figs. 1-2 [Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique v. 60; ref. 15896] Coast of Manokwari, New Guinea [West Papua, Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 34 [ex IRSNB 2548]. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:9 [ref. 20755]. •Synonym of Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440] with question, Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

atkinsoni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:321, Fig. 75 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Verde Island Passage and Batangas Bay, Philippines, Albatross station D.5268, 13°42'N, 120°57'15"E, depth 170 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93159. •Questionably a synonym of Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

basileusi, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] & Prut'ko [V. G.] 1984:883 [82], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 16216] Northeastern Indian Ocean above the Equator seamount, 0°26'N, 56°01'E, depth 120 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46935. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18023 (2), IOM uncat. (2, 1 macerated). On p. 82 of English translation. •Valid as Diaphus basileusi Becker & Prut'ko 1984. Current status: Valid as Diaphus basileusi Becker & Prut'ko 1984. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

bertelseni, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1966:405, Figs. 2-5 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 133 (no. 9); ref. 9047] Tropical Atlantic, 0°15'S, 18°35'W to 0°15'S, 18°45'W, depth 0-85-0 meters. Holotype: MCZ 43121. Paratypes: MCZ 43122 (1), ZMUC P2329195-96 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus bertelseni Nafpaktitis 1966 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:176 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:442 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:407 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:630 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:639 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1886 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus bertelseni Nafpaktitis 1966. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic; Western and central Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, eastern Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

brachycephalus, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:59 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 300 kilometers north of São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde Islands], 19°22'N, 24°06'W, depth about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329197. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:34 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus brachycephalus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:176 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:443 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:407 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:631 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:195 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:214 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:360 [ref. 31242], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1887 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus brachycephalus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bryani, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:319, Fig. 73 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of southern Luzon Island, Philippines, 13°41'50"N, 120°58'30"E, Albatross station D.5289, depth 172 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93150. •Synonym of Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

burtoni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:315, Fig. 70 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5291, 13°29'40"N, 121°00'45"E, depth 173 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93146. •Valid as Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus burtoni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

carlsoni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:312, Fig. 67 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Off eastern Mindoro Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5263, 12°38'30"N, 121°37'30"E. Holotype: USNM 93151. Misspelled carsoni in Fraser-Brunner 1949:1067 [ref. 1496]. •Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

chrysorhynchus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:409, Pl. 38 (fig. 2 [?3]) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, Kaiwi Channel, 21°15'49"N, 157°44'27"W, surface. Syntypes: CAS-SU 4927 (5), 5068 (1); USNM 47710 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:256 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:207 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Motomura et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia; western and central Pacific: Borneo, Philippines, southern Japan, eastern Australia, New Caledonia, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

coeruleus, Scopelus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:592 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMNS 1775 (2), ZMB 8059 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:14 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:50 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Dor 1984:49 [ref. 29757], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:849 [ref. 20119], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Kao & Shao 1996:4 [ref. 24963], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748] as caeruleus, Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122] as caeruleus, Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:220 [ref. 26587], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Golani & Fricke 2018:36 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden east to New Guinea and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

confusus, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] 1992:8, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 32 (no. 6); ref. 20772] Eastern Pacific, 24°58'S, 88°29'W, depth 545-562 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50128. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18617 (1) Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:49 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Diaphus confusus Becker 1992. Current status: Valid as Diaphus confusus Becker 1992. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

crameri, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:314, Fig. 69 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5601, 1°13'10"N, 125°17'05"E, depth 765 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93156. •Synonym of Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

dahlgreni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:299, Fig. 56 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicinity of Darvel Bay, Borneo, Albatross station D.5579, 4°54'15"N, 119°09'52"E, depth 175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93165. •Valid as Diaphus dahlgreni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus dahlgreni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

danae, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:140, Fig. 13 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of New Zealand, 36°23'30"S, 176°26'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329198. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus danae Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:135 [ref. 16024], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:274 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:640 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus danae Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dehaveni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:320, Fig. 74 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Samar and Masbate islands, Philippines, Albatross station D.5392, depth 135 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93160. •Valid as Diaphus dehaveni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus dehaveni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

diadematus, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:137, Fig. 9 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Western Indian Ocean, 24°33'S, 38°26'E, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329199. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2329200 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:28 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus diadematus Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440] as diademetus, Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442] as diademetus, Hulley 1990:408 [ref. 15273], Fricke 1999:96 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:513 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Hulley 2016:1887 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus diadematus Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

diademophilus, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:34, Fig. 32-33 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 4°01'S, 65°00'E, depth 0-615 meters. Holotype: LACM 31365-6. Paratypes: LACM 31358-5 and -6 (2); ZMUC P2334924-25 (2), P2334926-29 (4). •Valid as Diaphus diademophilus Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:217 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus diademophilus Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

drachmanni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:144, Fig. 16 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Indian Ocean, 4°44'N, 88°05'30"E, depth about 200 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329201. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus drachmanni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus drachmanni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dumerilii, Scopelus Bleeker [P.] 1856:66 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Off Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 6931 (2, poor condition). •Valid as Diaphus dumerili (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076]). •Valid as Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:176 [ref. 14275], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:444 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273], Boschung 1992:71 [ref. 23239], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:632 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Craddock, Hartel & Flescher in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:201 [ref. 26158], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:52 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379], Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1888 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Pacific. Habitat: marine.

effulgens, Aethoprora Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:87, Pl. 27 (fig. 103) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Brown's Bank, northern Atlantic (stomach content). Lectotype: USNM 43770. Paralectotypes: USNM or ?MCZ (1). Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:566 [ref. 2442]. •Valid as Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:445 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:290 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:136 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:410 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:633 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:640 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1888 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal and North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ehrhorni, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:304, Fig. 60 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Burias and Luzon islands, Philippines, Albatross station D.5387, depth 209 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92319. Paratypes: (49). •Valid as Diaphus ehrhorni Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748] as erhorni). Current status: Valid as Diaphus ehrhorni Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elucens, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:401, Fig. 8 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Indian Ocean, 0°27'04"S, 42°47'03"E, Valdivia station 253, depth 638 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17602. •Synonym of Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:213 [ref. 25518], Hulley 1990:417 [ref. 15273], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

engraulis, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1887:197, Pl. 51 (fig. C) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Philippines, Challenger station 200, depth 250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.217. •Questionably a synonym of Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus coeruleus (Klunzinger 1871). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

faustinoi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:300, Fig. 57 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Tanon Strait, east coast of Negros Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5190, 10°08'15"N, 123°16'45"E, depth 295 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92321. •Valid as Diaphus faustinoi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus faustinoi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fragilis, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:61 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Northern central Atlantic, 12°11'N, 35°49'W, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329202. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:35 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:23 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus fragilis Tåning 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:180 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:634 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:209 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:215 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:641 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1889 [ref. 34576], Motomura et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus fragilis Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fulgens, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:402, Fig. 4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] 4 Valdivia stations in Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ZMB 17605 (1) station 226, ZMB 17606 (1) station 228. Also appeared in Brauer 1906:224, Fig. 146 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:199 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:216 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widepsread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1906:258, Pl. 2 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 46 (no. 14); ref. 15659] Cuba, western Atlantic. Holotype: MCZ 29070 [ex MCZ 6873]. Paratypes: MCZ 29071 (3). Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177]. •Valid as Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:177 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:189, 352 [ref. 8057], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:257 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], Cervigón 1991:160 [ref. 24472], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:635 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:227 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Collette et al. 2003:100 [ref. 26784], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Sassa et al. 2003:94 [ref. 26778], Mundy 2005:216 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Robertson & Clements 2015:641 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Hulley 2016:1889 [ref. 34576], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, but not in eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:93, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 55825 [ex CM 4601]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22435 (1), FMNH 55826 [?ex CM 4602] (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Questionably a synonym of Diaphus perspicillata (Ogilby 1898) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], ss Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Diaphus gigas Gilbert 1913 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:91, 184 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:187, 351 [ref. 8057], Shinohara et al. 1996:164 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Parin et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus gigas Gilbert 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

glandulifer, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:90, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Suruga Bay, Japan, Albatross station 5058, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74472. Paratypes: CM 4606; FMNH 55829 (3); CAS-SU 22431 (3); USNM 74501 (6), 74653-56 (1, 7, 2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:21 [16], Fig. 13 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 7°19'S, 155°26'E, depth 960-0 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 36106. On p. 16 of English translation. •Questionably valid as Diaphus gracilis Kulikova 1961 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus gracilis Kulikova 1961. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

gudgeri, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:302, Fig. 59 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Northern Mindanao Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5544, depth 759 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92322. Paratypes: (4). •Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

handi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:290, Fig. 49 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Cebu and Siquijor islands, Philippines, 9°27'15"N, 123°31'48"E, Albatross station D.5533, depth 423 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93163. •Valid as Diaphus handi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus handi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

harveyi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:294, Fig. 52 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Manila Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5177, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92317. Paratypes: (6). •Synonym of Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

holti, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1918:88, Fig. 35 [Report on the Danish Oceanographical Expeditions 1908-1910 to the Mediterranean and Adjacent Seas v. 2 (Biol.) (A. 7); ref. 12242] Off Bay of Alger, Algeria, Mediterranean Sea, 36°53'N, 3°09'E. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329204. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P2329203 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:33 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus holti Tåning 1918 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:445 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1990:412 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:36 [ref. 23162], Galil & Goren 1994:49 [ref. 23163], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649] as holtii, Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Hulley 2016:1890 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus holti Tåning 1918. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic, including Mediterranean Sea. Southwestern Indian Ocean probably in error [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

hudsoni, Diaphus Zurbrigg [R. E.] & Scott [W. B.] 1976:1539, Figs. 1-2 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 54 (no. 9); ref. 7404] South Atlantic, 44°14'S, 42°43'W, depth 0-840 meters. Holotype: ROM 27569. Paratypes: NMC 76-405 (2), ROM 27580 (3). •Valid as Diaphus hudsoni Zurbrigg & Scott 1976 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Fujii & Saito in Amaoka et al. 1990:137 [ref. 16024], Hulley 1990:412 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:148 [ref. 21685], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:139 [ref. 25472], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Duhamel et al. 2005:166 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:514 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:275 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:642 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1890 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565] with authors as Zubrigg & Scott). Current status: Valid as Diaphus hudsoni Zurbrigg & Scott 1976. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

hypolucens, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1928:130, Fig. 24 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 23°58'N, 77°26'W, 7000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2197. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:421 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

impostor, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:336, Fig. 1 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] Halmahera Sea, 0°00.2'N, 128°42.2'E, Alpha Helix station 139, depth 0-140 meters. Holotype: LACM 4425-1. Paratypes: AMS I.34830-001 [ex LACM 36086-3] (2); BMNH 1994.8.19.1-2 (2); LACM 36066-3 (1), 36116-7 (1), 44252-1 (1); MNHN 1994-0557 to 0558 (2); NMNZ 31337 (2); SAM 33371 (2); USNM 330963 (2). Additional material: AMS I.24766-001 (2); LACM (80 lots, 288); MNHN (2 lots, 7). •Valid as Diaphus impostor Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus impostor Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Diaphus Borodin [N. A.] 1930:89 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 11; ref. 16067] North Atlantic, 33°N, 64°W, depth 1200 meters. Syntypes: MCZ 32289 (1), MCZ (1, missing); USNM 89906 [ex MCZ 32289A] (1). Borodin 1931 [ref. 16263] incorrectly regarded MCZ 32289 as holotype as did other authors; initially there were syntypes. •Synonym of Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

jenseni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:141, Fig. 14 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of New Guinea, 3°18'N, 129°02'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329205. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:291 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:224 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jouani, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:301, Fig. 58 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Makassar Strait, Indonesia, Albatross station 5672, 2°29'S, 118°51'E. Holotype: USNM 93153. •Synonym of Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

kapalae, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:342, Fig. 5 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] Southeast of Sydney, 34°11'S, 151°29'E, New South Wales, Australia, Kapala station 77-02-02, depth 0-290 meters. Holotype: AMS I.19767-001. Paratypes: AMS I.19767-002 (3), I.20306-044 (10); BMNH 1994.8.22.1-2 (2); CSIRO B 1307 (2); LACM 45940-1 (2); MNHN 1994-0518 (1), 1994-0556 (1); NMNZ P.31173 (2); SAM 33475 (2). Additional material: AMS (31 lots, 557), CSIRO (2 lots, 63), LACM 34350-2 (25), NMNZ (19 lots, 56). •Valid as Diaphus kapalae Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:275 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:642 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus kapalae Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kendalli, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:297, Fig. 55 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Leyte and Mindanao islands, Philippines, 10°02'45"N, 125°05'33"E, Albatross station 5487, depth 585 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93157. •Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

knappi, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:45, Fig. 43 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern coast of Madagascar, 23°36.4'S, 43°31'E, depth 450-460 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1977-0306. Paratypes: LACM 36549-0001 to 0004 (4). •Valid as Diaphus knappi Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:105, 338 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Kao & Shao 1996:4 [ref. 24963], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:76 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus knappi Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kora, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:341, Fig. 4 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] East of Kermadec Islands, 28°23'S, 174°56'W, James Cook station J17/73/76, depth 0-387 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P31836. Paratypes: AMS I.34832-001 [ex LACM 44250-1] (1); LACM 44250-1 (1); NMNZ P 22114-15 (1, 1). •Valid as Diaphus kora Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Robertson & Clements 2015:643 [ref. 34257]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus kora Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kuroshio, Diaphus Kawaguchi [K.] & Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:89, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 25 (no. 2); ref. 8921] Off Japan [northern Philippine Sea, western North Pacific], 31°24.1'N, 136°52.4'E. Holotype: ZUMT 54126 [ex ORIT]. Paratypes: ORIT 1127-1132 (6), 1147 (1), 1148 (1), 1281-1289 (9), 1394/1-7 (7); ZUMT 54127-54130 (4). •Valid as Diaphus kuroshio Kawaguchi & Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1994:71 [ref. 22800], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus kuroshio Kawaguchi & Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Japan to Hancock Seamount (Hawaiian Ridge). Habitat: marine.

kylei, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:133, Fig. 5 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Sulu Sea, 7°22'N, 121°16'E, depth 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329206. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus jenseni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lacerta, Lampanyctus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:81, Pl. 24 (fig. 89) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf of Mexico off Florida, 28°38'30"N, 85°52'30"W, Albatross station 2401, depth 142 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 43778 (3). "Secondary" syntypes: USNM 28893 (3), 43771 (10), 43779-80 (1, 1), 43801 (1). •Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181] as dumerili, Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440] as dumerili, Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

latus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:95, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Misaki, Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 56208 [ex CM 4604]. Paratypes: FMNH 55828 [ex CM 4605] (6), CAS-SU 22432 (3). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Diaphus latus Gilbert 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906 -- (Hulley 1990:411 [ref. 15273], Chen 2002:227 [ref. 26587], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35177]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus garmani Gilbert 1906. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

layi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:292, Fig. 51 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Northern Mindanao Island and vicinity, Philippines, Albatross station 5500, depth 267 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93145. •Synonym of Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus aliciae Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lewisi, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1966:410, Figs. 7-11 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 133 (no. 9); ref. 9047] Tropical Atlantic, 13°31'N, 18°03'W, Dana station 4005 XI, depth about 15 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329207. Paratypes: (106) BCF 370 (100, now ?); MCZ 44000-01 (4, 80), USNM 231718 [ex 259155-F1] (20), ZMUC P2329208-09 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:422 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lobatus, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:79, Fig. 77 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Northern Indian Ocean, 6°52'N, 79°30'E, 600 meters of wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P2334930. Paratypes: LACM 36547-1 and -2 (2); USNM 217451 (2); ZMUC P2334931-32 (2), P2334933-34 (2). •Valid as Diaphus lobatus Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus lobatus Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

longleyi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:296, Fig. 54 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Cebu and Leyte islands, Philippines, Albatross station 5229, depth 290 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92320. •Valid as Diaphus longleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

lucida, Aethoprora Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:87, Pl. 27 (fig. 102) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Windward Passage between Cuba and Haiti, 19°45'N, 75°04'W, Albatross station 2127, depth 1639 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44084. •Valid as Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:446 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:413 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:636 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:219 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:643 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1891 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Worldwide in tropical and warm temperate seas. Apparently absent from eastern Pacific [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

lucifrons, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:307, Fig. 63 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 12°43'51"N, 124°58'50"E, Albatross station 5444, depth 308 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93147. •Valid as Diaphus lucifrons Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus lucifrons Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

luetkeni, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:393, 400 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] 4 Valdivia stations in Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (4) ZMB 17603-04 (2), 22376 (1). Also appeared in Brauer 1906:221, Figs. 141-142 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:414 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:637 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086] as leutkeni, Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:214 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001] as leutkeni, Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:644 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1891 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrophus, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1928:136, Fig. 27 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Off Cat Island, Bahamas, 24°11'N, 75°35'W, 7500 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2172. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:20 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus effulgens (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

malayanus, Diaphus Weber [M.] 1913:89, Fig. 30 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Halmahera Sea, 0°17.6'S, 129°14.5'E, Siboga station 148, depth 1000 meters; Banda Sea, 3°58'S, 128°20'E, station 230, depth 2000 meters. Syntypes: RMNH 9941 (1); ZMA 109186-87 (1, 5), 109193 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:12 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:292 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:229 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:515 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:644 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mascarensis, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] in Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:850, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 5); ref. 20119] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 15°24'S, 61°24'E, depth 378-385 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49050. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17921 (5); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:50 [ref. 25714]. On p. 130 of English translation. •Valid as Diaphus mascarensis Becker 1990 -- (Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus mascarensis Becker 1990. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Rodrigues (Mascarenes), possibly endemic. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:63, Figs. 62-63 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southeastern Atlantic, 27°10'S, 8°59'E, 300 meters of wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P2334935. Paratypes: LACM 36545-1 (1), 36546-1 to -5 (5); USNM 216998 (2); ZMUC P2334936-43 (8). •Valid as Diaphus meadi Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:414 [ref. 15273], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:140 [ref. 25472], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:276 [ref. 30633], Robertson & Clements 2015:645 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1892 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus meadi Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:65, Fig. 65 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 2°00'S, 64°54'E, depth 0-528 meters. Holotype: LACM 31362-3. Paratypes: LACM 31362-4 and -5 (2); USNM 216999 (2); ZMUC P2334944 (1), P2334945-46 (2), P2334947 (1), P2334948 (1). •Valid as Diaphus megalops Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1962 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus megalops Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

metopoclampum, Myctophum Cocco [A.] 1829:144 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Diaphus metopoclampus (Cocco 1829) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:179 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:447 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:212 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:415 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:44 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:638 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:392 [ref. 25086], Kaya & Bilecenoğlu 2000:569 [ref. 25011], Dulĉić 2001:287 [ref. 25709], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:45 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:392 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Deval 2013:309 [ref. 33114], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Robertson & Clements 2015:645 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1892 [ref. 34576], Nión et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus metopoclampus (Cocco 1829). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal (including Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

meyeri, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:314, Fig. 68 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] West coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 15°45'54"N, 119°42'45"E, Albatross station D.5437. Holotype: USNM 93152. •Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

microps, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:400, Fig. 8 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] Indian Ocean west of Chagos Archipelago, 4°05'08"S, 70°01'9"E, Valdivia station 226. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17596. •Questionably valid as Diaphus microps (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Uncertain as Diaphus microps (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

minax, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1968:57, Fig. 34 [Dana Report No. 73; ref. 6979] North Atlantic, 26°34.5'N, 79°04.5'W, Atlantis station 552, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 44952. Paratypes: UF 209168 [ex UMML 9168] (1), ZMUC P2329210 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus minax Nafpaktitis 1968 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus minax Nafpaktitis 1968. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mollis, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:60 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] Eastern Atlantic [ca. 300 kilometers north of São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde Islands], 19°22'N, 24°06'W, depth about 200 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329211. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:32 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus mollis Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:179 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:447 [ref. 13675], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:212 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:258 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:416 [ref. 15273], Santos et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:45 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:639 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:396 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:200 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:396 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Shao et al. 2008:241 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:646 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1893 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus mollis Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

monodi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:306, Fig. 62 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Tanon Strait, east coast of Negros Island, Philippines, 10°08'15"N, 123°16'45"E, Albatross station D.5190, depth 295 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92315. •Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:178 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:413 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

nanus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:224, Pl. 1 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nuku Hiva Island, Marquesas Group, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75765. Paratypes: (4) CAS-SU 20184 (3), USNM 75766 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:216 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus fulgens (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

nielseni, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1978:17, Fig. 12 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 30; ref. 8904] Western Pacific, 6°37'N, 122°24'E, Dana station 3684 IX, 1500 meters wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P2334949. Paratypes: LACM 36544-1 (1); MNHN 1977-0305 (1); ZMUC P2334950-52 (3). •Valid as Diaphus nielseni Nafpaktitis 1978 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus nielseni Nafpaktitis 1978. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nocturnum, Myctophum Poey [F.] 1861:426 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 6871. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:176 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

ostenfeldi, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:142, Fig. 15 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] West of New Zealand, 35°36'S, 171°52'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329212. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus ostenfeldi Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:293 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], Hulley 1990:416 [ref. 15273], Hulley 1990:149 [ref. 21685], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:276 [ref. 30633], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:646 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1893 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus ostenfeldi Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Subtropical convergence and adjacent tropical seas in Southern Hemisphere and in northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1931:34, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 4); ref. 3371] Eastern Pacific coast of Mexico, 16°14'00"N, 99°36'30"W, 3750 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2690. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Diaphus pacificus Parr 1931 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:254 [ref. 28944], Fourriére et al. 2016:454 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus pacificus Parr 1931. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll; eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru, west to 5°N, 140°W. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Diaphus lutkeni Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:24 [20], Fig. 16 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western North Pacific, 31°02'N, 146°05'E, depth 6000-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36109. Paratypes: (19). On p. 20 of English translation. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Diaphus pacificus Parr 1931. •Synonym of Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904) [apparently should be lutkeni] -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:414 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus luetkeni (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Diaphus Gjøsaeter [J.] 1989:537, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologica Scripta v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 17666] Gulf of Aden, 11°47'N, 43°29'E, depth 310 meters. Holotype: ZMUB 8726. Paratypes: ZMUB 8727 (1). •Valid as Diaphus pallidus Gjøsaeter 1989. Current status: Valid as Diaphus pallidus Gjøsaeter 1989. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

parini, Diaphus Becker [V. E.] 1992:6, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 32 (no. 6); ref. 20772] Eastern Pacific, 24°41'S, 85°29'E, depth 320 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50127. Paratypes: IOAN (2), ZMMU P-18783 (3). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:50 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Diaphus parini Becker 1992. Current status: Valid as Diaphus parini Becker 1992. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parri, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:135, Fig. 7 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Southeast of New Caledonia, 27°21'S, 175°11'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2331765. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:204 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:255 [ref. 28944], Paxton et al. 2006:516 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:647 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

perspicillata, Aethoprora Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:36 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 1); ref. 5861] Lord Howe Island, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): QM I.794 (in 2 pieces). •Valid as Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:213 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:417 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:640 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:97 [ref. 24106], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:205 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:218 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Robertson & Clements 2015:647 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1894 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus perspicillatus (Ogilby 1898). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, but not in the eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

phillipsi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:287, Fig. 47 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Between Panay and Negros [Visayas Group], Philippines [Panay Gulf, Sulu Sea, western Pacific], Albatross station D.5184, depth 565 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93149. •Valid as Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:105, 338 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:393 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:210 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:393 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:648 [ref. 34257], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific, but not the northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

problematicus, Diaphus Parr [A. E.] 1928:143, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 3); ref. 3368] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 24°29'N, 77°29'W, 8000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2195. Paratypes: YPM 2194 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:21 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:178 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:294 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:641 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:199 [ref. 27076], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1894 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

protoculus, Myctophum Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:52 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] 47°28'30"N, 125°24'W, off Washington, U.S.A., Albatross station 3072, depth 584 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 44290. Paralectotypes: (2) CAS-SU 40 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:21 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1896:565 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:252 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

rafinesquii, Nyctophus Cocco [A.] 1838:180 [20], Pl. 7 (fig. 7) [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna Anno 1 Tomo 2 (fasc. 9); ref. 865] San Raineri, Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 20 of separate. •Valid as Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:448 [ref. 13675] as rafinesquei, Scott & Scott 1988:214 [ref. 25518], Klausewitz 1989:257 [ref. 13650], McAllister 1990:104 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273], Golani 1994:36 [ref. 23162], Santos et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23531] as rafinesquei, Arruda 1997:45 [ref. 24952] as rafinesquei, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:642 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:35 [ref. 24203], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:174 [ref. 26753], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Cihangir et al. 2003:568 [ref. 27170] as rafinesquei, Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2007:60 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:25 [ref. 36649] as rafinesquei, Goren & Galil 2015:515 [ref. 33910], Hulley 2016:1895 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus rafinesquii (Cocco 1838). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Worldwide in temperate and tropical seas, including Mediterranean Sea. Records from Indian and Pacific oceans require verification [ref. 34576]. Habitat: marine.

rassi, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:28 [24], Fig. 19 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, off New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, 6°15'S, 153°44'E. Holotype: ZIN 36108. Paratypes: (11). On p. 24 of English translation. •Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus parri Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

regani, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:139, Fig. 12 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Off New Caledonia, 20°53.2'S, 164°03.3'E, depth about 750 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329213. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:36 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus regani Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:222 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus regani Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Tropical and warm temperate waters of eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific Habitat: marine.

reidi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:309, Fig. 64 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicinity of Marinduque Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5368, 13°35'30"N, 121°48'00"E, depth 181 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93154. •Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:179 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:413 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus lucidus (Goode & Bean 1896). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

richardsoni, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:136, Fig. 8 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of New Guinea, 2°00'N, 138°22'E, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329214. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:71 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Chen 2002:197 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus richardsoni Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rivatoni, Diaphus Bourret [P.] 1985:69, Fig. 5; Pl. 1A [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 133 (art. 3); ref. 8105] Philippines, 13°56.5'N, 120°20.7'E, depth 128-143 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1984-0392. Paratypes: BMNH 1992.11.5.1 (1). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

roei, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1974:4, Fig. 2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 254; ref. 7448] Northwestern Atlantic, 17°20'N, 62°52'W, Oregon station 5072, depth 305 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 210553. Paratypes: LACM 33704-1 (1), 33705-1 and -2 (2); MCZ 49100-01 (1, 1); USNM 210554-55 (1, 1). •Valid as Diaphus roei Nafpaktitis 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus roei Nafpaktitis 1974. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rolfbolini, Diaphus Wisner [R. L.] 1971:47, Fig. 5 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 7711] Eastern Pacific, 10°00'N, 116°52.5'W, depth 0-920 meters. Holotype: SIO 68-536. Paratypes: SIO 60-249 (1), 60-276 (1), 69-330 (2); USNM 205485 (2), 205778 (21). •Synonym of Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus phillipsi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

sagamiensis, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:96, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: FMNH 55831 [ex CM 4608]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22433 (2, dessicated), FMNH 55832 (3), USNM 74648 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:85 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Diaphus chrysorhynchus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Chen 2002:207 [ref. 26587]). •Valid as Diaphus sagamiensis Gilbert 1913 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus sagamiensis Gilbert 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

scapulofulgens, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:316, Fig. 71 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Butung [Buton] Strait, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5648, 5°35'00"S, 122°20'00"E, depth 559 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93155. •Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

schmidti, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:139, Fig. 11 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] North of Samoa, 7°46'S, 167°10'E, depth about 100 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329215. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Kao & Shao 1996:4 [ref. 24963], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus schmidti Tåning 1932. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Sulawesi east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

schmitzi, Scopelus Johnson [J. Y.] 1890:456 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 2) (art. 5) (for 3 June 1890); ref. 14496] East end of Madeira. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1890.5.31.4 (1). •Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:177 [ref. 7181] as dumerili, Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440] as dumerili, Hulley 1990:409 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus dumerilii (Bleeker 1856). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

signatus, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1908:228, Pl. 3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 6); ref. 12299] Near Nukuhiva Island, Marquesas Group, depth 0-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75767. Paratypes: (should be just 1): CAS-SU 20190 (1, dessicated), 20193 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diaphus signatus Gilbert 1908 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:399 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Chen 2002:225 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:399 [ref. 26001], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus signatus Gilbert 1908. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

similis, Diaphus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:7, Figs. 3b, 4 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] Northeastern Pacific. Holotype: SIO 71-177. Paratypes: CAS 15989 [ex SIO 71-178] (2); SIO 63-841 (2), 71-179 (3), 71-180 (4); USNM 208459 (3), 208460 (1). •Valid as Diaphus similis Wisner 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus similis Wisner 1974. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

splendidum, Myctophum (Nyctophus) Brauer [A.] 1904:399, Fig. 7 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 10); ref. 14868] 11 localities in Atlantic and Indian oceans. Syntypes: SMF 2081 (1); ZMB 17600-01 (1, 1), 20773 (1); ZMH H5657 or H5676 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:155 [ref. 22013]. Also appeared in Brauer 1906:218, Figs. 138-139 [ref. 632]. •Valid as Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:74 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:259 [ref. 12442], Hulley 1990:419 [ref. 15273], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:643 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:398 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Nakabo 2002:398 [ref. 26001], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:53 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:648 [ref. 34257], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Hulley 2016:1895 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas. Habitat: marine.

steadi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:310, Fig. 65 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Makassar Strait, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5667, 2°56'S, 118°47'30"E, depth 367 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93164. •Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

streetsi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:291, Fig. 50 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Sombrero Island, China Sea off southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5111, 13°45'15"N, 120°46'30"E, depth 236 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93162. •Synonym of Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Hulley 1990:421 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

suborbitalis, Diaphus Weber [M.] 1913:90, Fig. 31 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Bali Sea, 7°35.4'S, 117°28.6'E, Indonesia, Siboga station 38, depth 521 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 109968. Paralectotypes: (should be 3) RMNH 9942 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 109987 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:12 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Wisner 1974:4 [ref. 7549]. •Valid as Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:185, 351 [ref. 8057], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:849 [ref. 20119], Kao & Shao 1996:5 [ref. 24963], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:397 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:216 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:397 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Robertson & Clements 2015:648 [ref. 34257], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus suborbitalis Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

subtilis, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.] 1968:92, Figs. 61-62 [Dana Report No. 73; ref. 6979] North Atlantic, 13°47'N, 61°26'W, Dana station 1183 I, [4500 meters wire out], depth about 2250 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329216. Paratypes: MCZ 44953-54 (1, 1); ZMUC P2329217 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diaphus subtilis Nafpaktitis 1968 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:449 [ref. 13675], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:644 [ref. 23897], Santos et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27192], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1896 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus subtilis Nafpaktitis 1968. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

taaningi, Diaphus Norman [J. R.] 1930:332, Fig. 30 [Discovery Reports v. 2; ref. 3219] 0°36'S, 8°28'E, off French Congo, Atlantic, depth 100-200 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1930.1.12.835. •Valid as Diaphus taaningi Norman 1930 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:179 [ref. 14275], Hulley 1986:295 [ref. 5672], Scott & Scott 1988:214 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Hulley 1990:420 [ref. 15273], Boschung 1992:72 [ref. 23239] as taeningi, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:645 [ref. 23897], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Hulley 2016:1896 [ref. 34576], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus taaningi Norman 1930. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic, straying to southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

tanakae, Diaphus Gilbert [C. H.] 1913:88 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 14956] Off southeastern coast of Kiusiu, 31°10'30"N, 131°58'30"E, Albatross station 4951, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74470. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22439 (1, dessicated), USNM 74652 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:19 [ref. 12291]. The spelling tanakae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using tanakae when the species is treated as valid. •Questionably valid as Diaphus tanakae Gilbert 1913 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440]). •Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913 -- (Chen 2002:229 [ref. 26587], Mundy 2005:217 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus malayanus Weber 1913. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

termophilus, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1928:59 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 86; ref. 15877] North Atlantic, 14°38'N, 61°16'W, depth about 350 meters. Lectotype: ZMUC P2329218. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1973:26 [ref. 10436]. •Valid as Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928 -- (Krefft & Bekker 1973:180 [ref. 7181], Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley in Whitehead et al. 1984:449 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:215 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:646 [ref. 23897], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hartel & Craddock 2003:950 [ref. 27005], Moore et al. 2003:200 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:361 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33932], Robertson & Clements 2015:649 [ref. 34257], Hulley 2016:1897 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus termophilus Tåning 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Tropical and warm temperate waters of Atlantic, western and southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

theta, Diaphus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1890:4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 3; ref. 1256] Off Point Loma, California, U.S.A.(from rockfish mouth). Lectotype: USNM 41914 (?1 of 2). Paralectotypes: (10) BMNH 1891.5.19.175-176 (2), CAS [old no.] 1003 (lost in 1906), MCZ 27392 (1), USNM 41922 (5). Lectotype selected by Nafpaktitis 1978:62 [ref. 8904]. •Valid as Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890 -- (Paxton 1979:7 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:72 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:6 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:176 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:37 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:105 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:70 [ref. 22800], Paxton et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1320 [ref. 22830], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:232 [ref. 24545], Nakabo 2000:395 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:252 [ref. 25968], Moku et al. 2001:385 [ref. 25793], Nakabo 2002:395 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:46 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:219 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:24 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:106 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus theta Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1890. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: North Pacific subarctic transition zone and California Current (northeastern Pacific), waifs reaching Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

thiollierei, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:289, Fig. 48 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicinity of western Bohol Island, Philippines, 9°31'50"N, 124°40°00"E, Albatross station D.5199. Holotype: USNM 93158. •Valid as Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1986:296 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:518 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus thiollierei Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

trachops, Diaphus Wisner [R. L.] 1974:5, Figs. 2, 3A. [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 110; ref. 7549] Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 200-225 meters. Holotype: SIO 71-172. Paratypes: BPBM 14310 (2); CAS 15988 (2); LACM 6880-4 (1); SIO 71-172 (1, with holotype), 71-175 (1), 71-176 (2); USNM 208457-58 (1, 5). •Valid as Diaphus trachops Wisner 1974 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Mundy 2005:220 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus trachops Wisner 1974. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Central and eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands east to central California, U.S.A. Habitat: marine.

umbroculus, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:317, Fig. 72 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Verde Island Passage and Batangas Bay, Philippines, 13°42'N, 120°57'15"E, Albatross station D.5268, depth 170 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93148. •Valid as Diaphus umbroculus Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:10 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus umbroculus Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vanhoeffeni, Myctophum (Diaphus) Brauer [A.] 1906:222, Fig. 143 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] German South Pole Expedition. Lectotype: ZMB 19367. Paralectotypes: ZMB (1). Lectotype selected by Bertelsen et al. 1981:31 [ref. ]. •Valid as Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906) -- (Hulley 1990:422 [ref. 15273], Hulley 2016:1897 [ref. 34576]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus vanhoeffeni (Brauer 1906). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

vitiazi, Diaphus Kulikova [E. B.] 1961:36 [34], Fig. 26 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9360] Western Pacific, 6°15'S, 153°44'E, depth 8000-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 36104. Paratypes: (10) not at ZSIP. On p. 34 of English translation. •Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904) -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus splendidus (Brauer 1904). Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

watasei, Diaphus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:580, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Off Atami, Sagami Sea, Japan, depth 153 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51443. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8393 (4, missing). •Valid as Diaphus watasei Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Paxton 1979:8 [ref. 6440], Fujii in Okamura et al. 1982:107, 339 [ref. 8256], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:73 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:187, 352 [ref. 8057], Hulley 1986:296 [ref. 5672], Paxton et al. 1989:260 [ref. 12442], Becker & Shcherbachev 1990:850 [ref. 20119], Gomon et al. 1994:278 [ref. 22532], Kao & Shao 1996:5 [ref. 24963], Shinohara et al. 1996:165 [ref. 26605], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Nakabo 2000:394 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122], Wang & Chen 2001:109 [ref. 25464], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:301 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:212 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:394 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:411 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:518 [ref. 28994], Paxton & Bray 2008:277 [ref. 30633], Shinohara et al. 2014:239 [ref. 33330], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Fricke et al. 2018:78 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus watasei Jordan & Starks 1904. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar; southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

weberi, Diaphus Tåning [A. V.] 1932:138, Fig. 10 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 5031] Zulu Sea, 7°22'N, 121°16'E [7°23'N, 121°22'E], depth about 350 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P2329219. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:37 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Hulley 1990:418 [ref. 15273]). Current status: Synonym of Diaphus problematicus Parr 1928. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Habitat: marine.

whitleyi, Diaphus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:305, Fig. 61 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Verde Island Passage and Batangas Bay, Philippines, 13°42'N, 120°57'15"E, Albatross station D.5268, depth 170 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92318. Paratypes: (2). •Valid as Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Paxton 1979:9 [ref. 6440], Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Paxton & Hulley in Randall & Lim 2000:593 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus whitleyi Fowler 1934. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

wisneri, Diaphus Nafpaktitis [B. G.], Robertson [D. A.] & Paxton [J. R.] 1995:339, Fig. 3 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 21810] Southwest of Oahu Island, 21°00'N, 158°20'W, Hawaiian Islands, Teritu cruise 71-6-24, depth 50 meters. Holotype: LACM 44253-1. Paratypes: AMS I.34831-001 (1); BMNH 1994.8.19.3 (1); BPBM 36420 (1); LACM 33977-2 (4), 44253-2 (3), 44254-1 (1); SAM 33370 (1); SIO 71-309 (3); USNM 330962 (1). Additional material: NMNZ P31460 (5). •Valid as Diaphus wisneri Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995 -- (Paxton & Hulley 1999:1963 [ref. 24748], Mundy 2005:220 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Diaphus wisneri Nafpaktitis, Robertson & Paxton 1995. Myctophidae: Diaphinae. Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Kermadec Islands to Hawaiian Islands, east to western Mexico, Peru and Chile. Habitat: marine.