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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Eleotris: [ 67 ] records


abacurus, Eleotris Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan 1896:228 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 2009. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Eleotris abacurus Jordan & Gilbert 1896 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:72 [ref. 22290], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:416 [ref. 24550]). •Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:39 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

acanthopomus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:275 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 25934. Spelling should be acanthopoma when in Eleotris. •Valid as Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:239 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:555 [ref. 25598], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448] as acanthopomus, Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210] as acanthopomus, Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Matsuura et al. 2000:216 [ref. 26000], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:106 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998], Motomura et al. 2010:202 [ref. 31256], Maeda et al. 2011:257 [ref. 32003], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Mennesson et al. 2016:498, 503 [ref. 34867], Koeda et al. 2016:87 [ref. 35333], Mennesson & Keith 2017:215 [ref. 35460], Motomura et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35490], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:252 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: western Sumatra (Indonesia) east to Philippines and French Polynesia, north to Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aequidens, Culius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:461 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 254) (for 4 Aug. 1882); ref. 10610] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 28268 (1, apparently lost), 29240 (2, apparently lost). •Synonym of Eleotris picta Kner 1863 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:416 [ref. 24550], Pezold & Cage 2002:44 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris picta Kner 1863. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amblyopsis, Culius Cope [E. D.] 1871:473 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] Suriname. Syntypes: ANSP 10577-79 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. See also Boschung 1992:162 [ref. 23239]. •Valid as Culius amblyopsis Cope 1871 -- (Bussing 1987:244 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937]). •Valid as Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) -- (Cervigón 1994:143 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:227 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:413 [ref. 24179], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:417 [ref. 24550], Pezold & Cage 2002:39 [ref. 25941], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Ross & Rhode 2004:302 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:657 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:391 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Schmidt & McMullin 2015:4 [ref. 36603], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:404 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amorea, Gobius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:205 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Western Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:45 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

andamensis, Eleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:344 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 41 (pt 4); ref. 2127] Stream near Machligaon, Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 37152. Paratypes: (9) CAS-SU 16968 (3), 69717 (1); ZSI F13632/1 (1); F13633/1-13634/1 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291], Menon & Yazdani 1968:151 [ref. 20743] with ZSI 13632/1 as holotype. •Valid as Eleotris andamensis Herre 1939 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

annobonensis, Eleotris Blanc [M.], Cadenat [J.] & Stauch [A.] 1968:248, Fig. 4 [Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire (Serie A) Sciences Naturelles v. 30 (no. 1); ref. 7871] San Juan River, Annobón Island, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1967-0446. Paratypes: MNHN 1965-0611 (5), 1965-0612 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:10 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:956 [ref. 19381]). •Valid as Eleotris annobonensis Blanc, Cadenat & Stauch 1968 -- (Miller 1998:288 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:32 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:477 [ref. 30082], Wirtz et al. 2007:21, 39 [ref. 30263], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris annobonensis Blanc, Cadenat & Stauch 1968. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: islands of the Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aquadulcis, Eleotris Allen [G. R.] & Coates [D.] 1990:133, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement Suppl. No. 34; ref. 15715] Mile Island Roundwater, about 5 kilometers north of Bunapas Village, Ramu River system, Papua New Guinea, about 4°13'S, 144°40'E. Holotype: WAM P.29608-006. Paratypes: AMS I.24301-002 (5); CAS 63552 (6); WAM P.28206-007 (9), P.29608-002 (5). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Eleotris aquadulcis Allen & Coates 1990 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:94 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:155 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris aquadulcis Allen & Coates 1990. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

balia, Eleotris Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:526, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 29 (no. 1433); ref. 10646] Hong Kong, China. Holotype (unique): USNM 52082. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:126 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Eleotris balia Jordan & Seale 1905 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:647 [ref. 6363], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:340 [ref. 7348], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

belizianus, Eleotris (Culius) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:55 [16] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Belize; Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN 0027 (1), 2528 (2), A-2216 (3), A-2217 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:10 [ref. 19958]. On p. 16 of separate. •May be valid -- (Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937]). •Valid as Eleotris beliziana Sauvage 1880 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as belizianus, Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111] as belizianus). •In part a synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) and Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:39, 46 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris beliziana Sauvage 1880. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bosetoi, Eleotris Mennesson [M. I.], Keith [P.], Ebner [B. C.] & Gerbeaux [P.] 2016:500, Figs. 3-4 [Pacific Science v. 70 (no. 4); ref. 34867] Zamba River, Kolombangara Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype: MNHN 2015-0382. Paratypes: MNHN. •Valid as Eleotris bosetoi Mennesson, Keith, Ebner & Gerbeaux 2016 -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460], Mennesson et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36105]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris bosetoi Mennesson, Keith, Ebner & Gerbeaux 2016. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

brachyurus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Patjitan, southern Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5182 (some of 50). •Valid as Eleotris brachyurus Bleeker 1849 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Java (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

buettikoferi, Eleotris (Culius) Steindachner [F.] 1894:27, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 16 (nos 1-2, art. 1); ref. 4237] Branch of Du Queah River, Hill Town, Liberia. Lectotype: RMNH 5254. Paralectotypes: (14) ?BMNH 1895.6.8.8-9 (2); RMNH 24402 [ex 5254] (1); NMW 14646 (2), 85266 (3). Species originally spelled as büttikoferi in text. Lectotype selected by and figured in Boeseman 1963:48, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [ref. 21734]. Species listed as Eleotris büttikoferi on pl. 2 (fig. 2), and as Eleotris pisonis on plate caption page (p. 95) for pl. 2 (fig. 2). •Synonym of Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Miller 1998:287 [ref. 24950] in part). •Synonym of Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950] in part). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cantherius, Eleotris Richardson [J.] 1846:209 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Macao, China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:217, Pl. 26b [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:647 [ref. 6363] as contherinus, Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:393 [ef. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carvalhonis, Eleotris Starks [E. C.] 1913:65, Pl. 9 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Lake Papary, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 22215. Paratypes: AMNH 3764 (1), CAS-SU 22208 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. Holotype specimen designated in plate. •Possibly valid -- (Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937]). •Valid as Eleotris carvalhonis Starks 1913 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:45 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cassandrae, Fagasa Nichols [J. T.] 1952:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1594; ref. 12793] Freshwater stream at Rendova Island, New Georgia Group, Solomon Islands. Holotype (unique): AMNH 18573. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Solomon Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

cavifrons, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:145 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. No types known. Types possibly at ZSI? •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

culius, Cheilodipterus Hamilton [F.] 1822:55, 367, Pl. 5 (fig. 16) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds and ditches of Bengal, India. No types known. Spelled Cheilodepterus culius on plate. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 36 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801) -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:313 [ref. 31338]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

daganensis, Eleotris (Culius) Steindachner [F.] 1870:951 [7], Pl. 2 (figs. 3-5) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.); ref. 18767] Near Dagana, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) NMW 22488 (1), 75986 (2). On p. 7 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Maugé 1986:391 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:835 [ref. 21590], Miller 1998:287 [ref. 24950], Dankwa et al. 1999:50 [ref. 28023], Pezold & Cage 2002:32 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:477 [ref. 30082], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

danius, Atherina Hamilton [F.] 1822:222, 381 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Aiargunj, Mahananda River, India. No types known. A goby according to D. Hoese, pers. comm. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:42 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 127 [ref. 37532]. •Species inquirenda in Eleotris -- (Kottelat 2013:391 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris danius (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: India (if valid).

diepiptera, Scorpaena Bianconi [G. G.] 1862:390 [=290], Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Specimina zoologica mosambicana; ref. 295] Mozambique. No types known. Name also appeared in Bianconi 1862:474 [ref. 26456] with figure. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

dumerilii, Eleotris Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:52 [13] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Gabon. Holotype: MNHN A-1665. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:11 [ref. 19958]. On p. 13 of separate. Replacement name for Eleotris maculata Duméril 1861, secondary homonym of Sciaena maculata Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eigenmanni, Eleotris Popta [C. M. L.] 1921:206 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 6 (art. 15); ref. 15325] Raha in Muna, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) SMF 6594 (1), 6595-99 (5). •Questionably a synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Eleotris Chen [T.-R.] 1964:45, Fig. 4 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 17 (nos 1-2); ref. 1615] Lan-yu (Botel Tobago), Taiwan. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (1) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]. Should be spelled Eleotris fasciata. •Valid as Eleotris fasciata Chen 1964 -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:436 [ref. 23876] as fasciatus, Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Zhu 1995:175 [ref. 25213] as fasciatus, Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432] as fasciatus). Current status: Valid as Eleotris fasciata Chen 1964. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

feai, Eleotris Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] & Tortonese [E.] 1974:157, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 80; ref. 6829] Annobón Island, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype: MSNG 44577. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.5.13.1 (1); MRAC 74-45-P-1 (1); MSNG 44578 (9). •Valid as Eleotris feai Thys van den Audenaerde & Tortonese 1974 -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218], Miller 1998:287 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris feai Thys van den Audenaerde & Tortonese 1974. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater.

fornasini, Eleotris Bianconi [G. G.] 1857:267, Pl. 8 [Specimina zoologica mosambicana; ref. 295] Mozambique. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.179. Name also appeared in Bianconi 1858:441 [ref. 26454] with figure. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fortis, Eleotris Tanaka [S.] 1912:106, Pl. 27 (figs. 108-109), 28 (fig. 113) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 6; ref. 6033] Tansui River near Taihoku, northern Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT uncat. (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:647 [ref. 6363], Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fusca, Poecilia Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Forster) 1801:453 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Pacific islands [is Oriadea = Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific]. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Forster manuscript reproduced as Cobitis pacifica in Lichtenstein 1844:235-236 [ref. 17531]. •Valid as Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) [sometimes authorship given as Forster] -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:240 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:809 [ref. 5670], Ataur Rahman 1989:287 [ref. 24860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:554 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:334 [ref. 21202], Pethiyagoda 1991:240 [ref. 20075], Allen 1991:155 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:975 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:434 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Skelton 1993:360 [ref. 24071], Roberts 1993:42 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:175 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:195 [ref. 22772], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Fricke 1999:494 [ref. 24106] with note on locality, Keith et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24548], Mishra et al. 1999:88 [ref. 25315], Allen 2000:92 [ref. 37268], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:60 [ref. 25191], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Stiassny & Harrison 2000:150 [ref. 25252], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Skelton 2001:360 [ref. 27406] with author as Schneider, Allen et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25930], Keith et al. 2002:120 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:312 [ref. 31338], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330, 3338 [ref. 27945], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:151 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Yonezawa et al. 2010:253 [ref. 30902], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Maeda et al. 2011:257 [ref. 32003], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Mennesson et al. 2016:498, 503 [ref. 34867], Koeda et al. 2016:87 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35250], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Mennesson et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36105], Suresh et al. 2018:279 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra and Mascarenes east to Gambier Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Western Indian Ocean populations may be based on cryptic species [ref. 36105]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guttatissimus, Eleotris Bliss [R.] in Gudger 1929:518 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 58 (art. 9); ref. 11187] Name on a drawing by Pike from Mauritius, not available, no description -- (Fricke 1999:264 [ref. 24106]). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

gyrinus, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:220, Pl. 356 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Saint Dominique; Martinique Island, West Indies; Artibonite River, Suriname; Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN A-1597 (1) Martinique, MNHN A-1672 (1) Suriname, MNHN A-1673 (3) Suriname, MNHN A-1693 (1) Surname, MNHN A-1698 (3) Saint Domingo. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:12 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris gyrinus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:417 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Caribbean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hainanensis, Eleotris Chen [J. T. F.] 1933:370, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 5 (no. 5); ref. 16476] Hoihow, northern Hainan Island, China. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:265 [ref. 26639], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:431 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477] (also treated as synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845)). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hainanensis, Eleotris acanthopoma Wu [H.-L.] 1991:432 [English p. 434], Fig. 258 [Freshwater fishes of Guangdong Province, China; ref. 21332] Wanquan River, Chaoyang, Qionghai, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: SFC 603. Paratypes: SFC 607 (1), 609 (1), 613 (1), 623 (1); SH 10341 (1), 65-0900 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris hainanensis Chen 1933. •Incorrectly treated as valid -- (Zhu 1995:174 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

heterura, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1879:154 [36], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] No locality. Holotype (unique): SMNS 12823 [ex 224a]. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. On p. 36 of separate. •Probably a synonym of Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870 -- (P. Miller pers. comm. in Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100]). Current status: Uncertain as Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hilgendorfi, Eleotris Pietschmann [V.] 1913:182 [footnote] [Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde. Wiesbaden v. 66; ref. 14972] Haiti, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12760. Replacement name for Eleotris maltzani Hilgendorf 1889, preoccupied by Eleotris maltzani Steindachner 1881. •Wrongly as an objective synonym of Wheelerigobius maltzani (Steindachner 1881) -- (Maugé 1986:386 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:949 [ref. 19376] who apparently regarded Steindachner's name as the one being replaced). •Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:42 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

incerta, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:146 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Fish markets at Calcutta, India. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

insulindicus, Culius Bleeker [P.] 1875:107 [7] [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 440] Padang, Sumatra; Singapore; Buru (Kajali); Ambon; Kupang,Timor. Syntypes: RMNH 4804 (12). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

isthmensis, Eleotris Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1916:359 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 15); ref. 2962] Mindi Cut, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 8951. Paratypes: FMNH 27240-61 (21), 27262-63 (1, 1), 27264-65 (2), 27266-67 (1, 1), 55287 (1); ?USNM 79067 (21). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:140 [ref. 2676], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:33 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Eleotris isthmensis Meek & Hildebrand 1916 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) -- (Bussing 1987:244 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Bussing 1998:414 [ref. 24179], Pezold & Cage 2002:39 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

klunzingerii, Eleotris Pfeffer [G. J.] 1893:142 [14], Pl. 3 (fig. 8) [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 10; ref. 3461] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: ZMH H412 [ex ZMH 6818]. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:166 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:408 [ref. 21161]. On p. 14 of separate. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218] as klunzingeri). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Eleotris klunzingerii Pfeffer 1893 -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460], Fricke et al. 2018:318 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris klunzingerii Pfeffer 1893. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Transkei (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lutea, Eleotris Day [F.] 1876:314 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Andaman Islands, east of Bay of Bengal. Syntypes (or possibly holotype): ZSI 2095 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid as Eleotris lutea Day 1876 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:287 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:976 [ref. 20764], Ataur Rahman 2003:312 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris lutea Day 1876. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macrocephalus, Culius Bleeker [P.] 1857:70 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 16866] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4757. •Valid as Eleotris macrocephala (Bleeker 1857) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrolepis, Culius Bleeker [P.] 1875:109 [9] [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 440] Ambon Island, Molucca, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4759 (2). On p. 9 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris macrolepis (Bleeker 1875) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] but as macrolepsis on p. 278). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1862 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maculata, Eleotris Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:248, Pl. 21 (fig. 3-3a) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1665. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. Secondary homonym of Sciaena maculata Bloch 1792, replaced by Eleotris dumerilii Sauvage 1880. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maltzani, Eleotris Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1889:53 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1889; ref. 2164] Haiti, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12760. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris maltzani Steindachner 1881, replaced by Eleotris hilgendorfi Pietschmann 1913. •Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:42 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

mauritianus, Eleotris Bennett [E. T.] 1832:166 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes?: BMNH 1852.9.13.179 (1), 1855.12.26.562 (1), 2016.6.6.2 (1). Correct name is mauritiana when in Eleotris (feminine gender). The syntype BMNH 1852.9.13.179 is also the holotype of Eleotris fornasini Bianconi 1857. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Eleotris mauritianus Bennett 1832 -- (Hoese 1986:809 [ref. 5670], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Fricke 1999:495 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:106 [ref. 24548], Heemstra 2004:3338 [ref. 27945]). •Valid as Eleotris mauritiana Bennett 1832 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:318 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris mauritiana Bennett 1832. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa to Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanosoma, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:705 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, western Sumatra, Indonesia, in sea. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 4815 (some of 16). •Valid as Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:240 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:809 [ref. 5670], Roberts 1989:166 [ref. 6439], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:553 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:337 [ref. 21202], Allen & Coates 1990:96 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:156 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:977 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:361 [ref. 24071], Zhu 1995:174 [ref. 25213], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:60 [ref. 25191], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Skelton 2001:361 [ref. 27406], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Parenti & Lim 2005:194 [ref. 28285], Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:152 [ref. 30265], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Mennesson et al. 2016:498, 503 [reg. 34867], Prokofiev 2016:636 [ref. 35020], Pusey et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35250], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805], Mennesson et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36105], Suresh et al. 2018:280 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanurus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Pasuruan, southern Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5182 (1 of 50). •Valid as Eleotris melanura Bleeker 1849 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

minimus, Cestreus McClelland [J.] 1842:151, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2; ref. 2925] Vicinity of Calcutta, India. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris danius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:391 [ref. 32989] with danius as a species inquirenda). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris danius (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

monteiri, Eleotris O'Shaughnessy [A. W. E.] 1875:147 [4] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 19); ref. 18481] San Nicolas River, Little Fish Bay, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.11.8. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

niger, Cottus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:231, 250 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality stated. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority (according to ICZN Art. 23.9) in favor of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:280, 306 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. See note by Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

niger, Eleotris Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:259, Pl. 60 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1578 (1), A-1581 (1), 1989-1846 [ex A-1578] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218] as nigra, Fricke 1999:495 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson et al. 2016:503 [reg. 34867], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oxycephala, Eleotris Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:150, Pl. 77 (figs. 4-5) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Japan. Syntypes: (2), whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:130 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:646 [ref. 6363], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:340 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:240 [ref. 6441], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:265 [ref. 26639], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:553 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:335 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:174 [ref. 25213], Kim 1997:422 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:47 [ref. 24971], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Sato et al. 1998:41 [ref. 24972], Mizuno et al. 1999:11 [ref. 25311] as Elenotris, Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Matsuura et al. 2000:217 [ref. 26000], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Kim & Park 2002:348 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:397, 655 [ref. 26218], Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:393 [ef. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Japan and China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pacifica, Cobitis Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:453 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under account of Poecilia fusca; from southern seas. Based on description and drawing in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Not the same as Cobitis pacifica Kim, Park & Nalbant 1999. •In the synonymy of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). •In the synonymy of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989] with authorship as Schneider). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

pellegrini, Eleotris Maugé [A. L.] 1984:98 [Cybium v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 5945] Near Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0108 (6 or 5). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris pellegrini Maugé 1984 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris pellegrini Maugé 1984. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

perniger, Culius Cope [E. D.] 1871:473 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 10575. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:108 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:42 [ref. 25941], Lim et al. 2002:92 [ref. 28310], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:391 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:180 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Rodríguez-Barrera et al. 2020:45 [ref. 37800]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

picta, Eleotris Kner [R.] 1863:223, "Fig. 6" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Río Bayano, Panama. Syntypes: NMW 76866 [ex ZSM] (1), ZSM [old collection] (orig. 3) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:274 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:18, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 2649] as Eleotris pictus. •Valid as Eleotris picta Kner 1863 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:43 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:21 [ref. 9708], Lee et al. 1980:782 [ref. 22416], Bussing 1987:245 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829] as pictus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:549 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:416 [ref. 24179], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:415 [ref. 24550], Pezold & Cage 2002:43 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:392 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Minckley & Marsh 2009:277 [ref. 31114], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:452 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:348 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:293 [ref. 36544], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris picta Kner 1863. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including the Galápagos Islands, and adjacent freshwater habitats. Introduced in western Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

piso, Gobiomoroides Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:592, 593 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] South America. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gobius pisonis Gmelin 1789. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:275, 276 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013 as model of Mentzel's figure. •Not a gobiid -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:37 [ref. 25941]). •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pisonis, Gobius Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1206 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] South America. No types known. •Valid as Eleotropis pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221]). •Valid as Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Lee et al. 1980:783 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:240 [ref. 23100], Bussing 1987:246 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Cervigón 1994:144 [ref. 24488], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:228 [ref. 22947], Torelli et al. 1997:70 [ref. 24612], Bussing 1998:417 [ref. 24179], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:417 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:312 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 1999:282 [ref. 25307], Keith et al. 2000:232 [ref. 24547], Marín 2000:77 [ref. 26252], Taylor 2001:153 [ref. 25200], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Pezold & Cage 2002:45 [ref. 25941], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Di Dario et al. 2013:263 [ref. 37503], Kottelat 2013:391 [ref. 32989], Phillip et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32896], Catelani et al. 2014:932 [ref. 37496], Costa et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35684], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southeastern U.S.A. south to Brazil. [Actual may be Orinoco River delta in Venezuela to Brazil, on ref. 25941.] Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pseudacanthopomus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:276 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 10595. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 5182 (all but 1 possibly). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:14 [ref. 13474] with species spelled pseudoacanthopomus and SMNS 10595 as holotype, Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Eleotris pseudacanthopomus Bleeker 1853 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as pseudacantha on some pages). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Sumatra (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sandwicensis, Eleotris Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:280 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1883.7.4.73 [ex MNHN] (1); MNHN A-2624 (2), 8045 (1), 8915 (4), 9011 (2); ?NMW 78678 (1). Type information: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris sandwicensis Vaillant & Sauvage 1875 -- (Zink et al. 1996:332 [ref. 22396], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as sandvicensis, Nishimoto & Fitzsimons 1999:815 [ref. 23947], McDowall 2003:705 [ref. 26832], Benbow et al. 2004:129 [ref. 28266], Mundy 2005:470 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris sandwicensis Vaillant & Sauvage 1875. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Oceania, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

senegalensis, Eleotris (Culius) Steindachner [F.] 1870:949 [5], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.); ref. 18767] Near Dagana, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) NMW 36898-900 (3), 78553 (1). On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:835 [ref. 21590], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30082], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Senegal south to Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

soaresi, Eleotris Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:74, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Mozambique. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.11.15.127 (1), 1865.3.18.26-27 (2), 1867.3.9.521 (1). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Schneider & Forster 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Eleotris soaresi Playfair 1867 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as soaresii). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tanakae, Eleotris pisonis oxycephala form Tomiyama [I.] 1936:42 [Japanese Journal of Zoology v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 4413] Infrasubspecific, not available as above; subsequent publication as a species or subspecies not researched. The spelling tanakae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using tanakae if necessary. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

tecta, Eleotris Bussing [W. A.] 1996:252, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 44 (no. 1); ref. 21937] Quebrada Banegas, tributary of Río Rincón, 3 kilometers southwest of Rincón, upper Golfo Dulce, 8°40'20"N, 83°31'10"W, Pacific coast of Costa Rica, below elevation of 10 meters. Holotype: LACM 45893-1. Paratypes: LACM 20050-52 (1, 1, 2); UCR 1318-8 (3). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:374 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Eleotris tecta Bussing 1996 -- (Bussing 1998:418 [ref. 24179], Pezold & Cage 2002:47 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris tecta Bussing 1996. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Central America, northwestern South America: Pacific slope of Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tubularis, Eleotris Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:210, Pl. 10 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6348. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Eleotris tubularis Heller & Snodgrass 1903 -- (Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:48 [ref. 25941], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris tubularis Heller & Snodgrass 1903. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: freshwater.

vitianus, Eleotris (Culius) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:56 [17] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Fiji Islands. Syntypes: MNHN A-1420 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Mennesson et al. 2016:503 [reg. 34867], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vittata, Eleotris Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:249, Pl. 21 (figs. 4-4a) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1548. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Lévêque et al. 1989:123 [ref. 26480] dated 1858, Paugy & Bénech 1989:304 [ref. 26478] dated 1858, Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477] dated 1858, Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:834 [ref. 21590], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Dankwa et al. 1999:50 [ref. 28023], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30082] dated 1858, Wirtz et al. 2007:21, 39 [ref. 30263], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870], Skelton 2019:228, 237 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Namibia, including Bioco and Annobón islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vomerodentata, Eleotris (Kieneria) Maugé [A. L.] 1984:98 [Cybium v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 5945] Pangalanes at Andevoranto, eastern coast of Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0803. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris vomerodentata Maugé 1984 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris vomerodentata Maugé 1984. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.